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J Lamed, the twelfth letter of the Alphabet. It inter- 
changes with the liquids, e. g. nbttJblU a. fllttilttj; !-»15 a. 
flilb &c. — b as first radical letter often rejected in in- 
flection, e. g. Flpb, ng, iiftip &c. 

~, as a numeral letter, thirty, v. 'X. 

"2 ^™"> "?>""?>"•?) prefix (h. h.)n»fo, to, toward, for '/ 
(before infinitive ' of verbs) to. Pes. I, 1 '=1 flSaifcb 118, 
v. 118 n.— 83!ib, 82b, v. 83 III. Ber. I, 1 bi38b to eat; 
nilpb to read"; a. v.'fr.— lb. 1H8 Diib to one day, i. e. 
within one day (until morning). Zeb.' 5, 3 '31 ilbibl blib 
within a day and a night until midnight (v. comment.), 
lb. '31 "p DUBb inside of the curtains. Ber. 2 a f«sb be- 
fore it, ruinsb after it. lb. 14 a Jia8b d3ifib8 -)13 between 
Elohekhem a. Emeth. lb. 13 a '31 ias i3lbl but as to Rabbi's 
opinion, might not also argument be raised &c. ? ; a. v. f r. 
— With personal pronouns: ib to me, *|b, Ma!?, ^b; Ch. Tpb 
&c— Ex. B. s. 3, v. W. Ber. 2 b tflb'siattj 8$ was un- 
known to them.— Chald. : ijnib (v. i?Fi) let the text read; 
8»ib (v. Knit) let him say. lb. 2 a , sq. ;' a. v. fr. 

SStb (b. h.; v. isb) not, no. Ber. 1, 1 '=1 liilp 8b we 
have omitted to recite &c. lb. Ill, 4 '31 8bl . . . Kb neither 
before nor after. Nidd.5 a '31 f& -pS 8b, no; it means &c, 
v. 18b; a. v. fr.— xbl indeed not*. Hull. 4 b '31 airom xbl 
indeed not (is it so that the verb Hi&ri never refers to 
persuasion by speech)? Do we not read &c.?; a. v. fr. — 
iltoSri 8b (SilXa) a prohibitory law, opp. iliOT, a positive 
command; v. 18b. Kidd. I, 7. Mace. 14 b bpt. ; a. v. fr.— 8ba 
without. Ber. 35 a bot. f13ia 'a without pronouncing a 
benediction; a. v. fr.— Kbffl 8im, v. 8*1. 

St? I ch. same. Targ. den. II, 5; a. v. fr. — Pes. 10 b 
8b . . ina pX . . . fiiapa before the time when it is for- 
bidden, yes (he must search after leavened bread); after 
the time, no (he must not search). lb. 8J1B 8b there is 
no difference ; a. v. fr. 

fcO II m. (preced. wds.) particle, mote. Yoma 20 b , 
v. xaih. Midr. Till, to Ps. LXVHI, 3 "OWn 8b3 they are 
like a mote. 

VO III pr. n. m. La, abbrev. of KbiX, ttyn; v. Fr. 
M'bo, T p. 75 b . 

&T) IIS?, (TUN;), Koh. R .to VII, 1 1 end-misplaced ; 
read : '31 81Xp S)8 (11081 . . . pbal 8158b pb& ; v. ib. to 
IX, 10, end. 

msjb, v. •&. 

IN? h. a. ch. (v. i8b) no, not. Targ. Y.HDeut. XXXIII, 
3.— B. Kam. 60 a 'b D81 but if not, opp. ffli D8— Hull. 24 a 
i3fl 'b 8f1 but without it (if the text did not say so). — 
B. Kam. 10 a 1J-P8 'ba without him. Ib. b t18'b iXbut for thee 
(sitting on it) ; mi3 lins'b 18 had you not been (sitting on 
it) with me. Ib. i»1 1B1S3 'b 1M3 his force (pressure by 
leaning) is not to be considered as an action equal to 
(sitting on it with) his body; a. v. fr.— 'b 8b8 but, must 
you not admit?, i. e. but to be sure, v. xb8. Ber. 2 b ; a. 
v. fr. — 'b ixa what (does this mean) ? Does it not (mean) 
that &c. Nidd. 5 a ; a. fr.— Esp. 1Kb (lib) m. (= Slton 8b) 
a plain prohibitory law, the violation of which, in the 
absence of any severer punishment indicated in the Script- 
ure, is punished with thirty-nine lashes (v. &12S18, s. v. 
SlSaiS). Men.58b,a.e.fflbb33\B'ban implied prohibition, 
e.g. Lev. II, 11 (where b3 implies any mixture of leaven 
or honey); Ex. XII, 9 (where ibsxrl b8 refers to 85, to 
bl23», and implicitly to any preparation not through the 
action of fire). Ib. '31 'ba fH.l8b xb the prohibition in 
this case is not a special one for itself as is the prohib- 
ition, 'Thou shalt not muzzle' (Deut. XXV, 4, which is 
preceded by the law regulating corporal punishment); 
Pes. 41 b .— rtffiS bbsa 83rt 'b (v. bb3) a prohibition deriv- 
ed by implication from a positive command, e. g. the 
law (Lev. I, 2) defining what animals are fit for the altar 
and indirectly excluding unclean animals. Zeb. 34 a . . . 'b 
l^bs Tplb . . the transgression of an implicit prohibition 
is punishable with lashes; ib. libs pplb "p8 . . .'b is not 
punishable. Pes. 1. c. iHUS TO5S bbaa 8an 'b a prohibi- 
tion derived from a positive command is treated like a 
positive command (the neglect of which is not indict- 
able); Hull. 81 a ; a. fr.— JUDsb ptVOh 'b, v. pn.—Pl. -psb 
Opllb). B. Mets. lll a 'b iJffla libs liasb to make the trans- 
gressor answerable for two acts. — 'b iann those guilty 
of transgressing a plain prohibitory law, punishable with 
, lashes, contrad. to nimia iann ; mma "n (v. am h.).— 
Teb. 10 b ; a. fr.— Ch. pi. 118b. Hull. 80 b . Tern. 4 b — [Tosef. 
Erub. XI (VIII), 23, v. i«b.] 

Nnwb, v. anwb. 

'■wb, v.^in. 

"'fcO, M&J-5 (b. h.) to fas&or (in vain); to be tired. Gen. 
E. s. 50 (expL r i8V>1, Gen.XIX, 11), v. next w. 
Nif. nab? to fee ea^awsfed. B. Kam. 82 a ; a. e. 

"Web., same, 1) to labor. Targ. Josh. XXIV, 13; a. 
fr. — 2) to be tired. Targ. O. Gen. XIX, 11 wb ed. Berl. 
(oth. ed. Wxb; Y. WlbflW*); a. fr. 

Ithpe. "W^SJ to 6e won* out, to make a vain effort. Gen. . 
E. s. 50 (ref. to isb^i, Gen. 1. c.) ^sipS they labored in 
vain (with ref. to Is. XVI, 12) ; '{10^0. they grew sick (with 
ref. to Is. I, 14); [Talk. ib. 84 l&ttsfcl (with ref. to Ex. VII, 
18).— V. irf?, isb. 

"'SO, ll&O, " 1 " l 5 (= *»fn »b) = 1Kb. Tosef. Erub. XI 
(VIII), 23 mitt S^-i-a "Wb »f1 (ed. Zuck. flb s , read lib) was 
this (the first tongs) not a divine creation?, i. e. it was 
nothing else than &c; Pes. 54 a SOfl taenia Tia !Ti13'b KM 
(v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. notes 9 a. 10) ; Tosef. Hag. I, 9 b KM 
(ed. Zuok. xbtf, Var. lib Nrt read: lib).— Ker. 12 a J"rt "Wftti 
TlKaltja Was xb Ar. (ed. only VfKIS «b VTt) no; in this 
case, too, he may correct himself (saying), I did not remain 
&c. Ib. 6 b "Oi"is -|1Sia i"«b it is not so; they are neces- 
sary. Ib. '31 aVD1 'b it is not; for it is written &c— Snh. 
40 b hSSla 1115&8 ii»b it is not so ; there is indeed an ex- 
pression in the text open for interpretation; Sabb. 64 a 
'31 1&6 is it not? it is indeed &c. Yoma 22 b mBWO 13158 b 
no? Indeed, he was punished on his body. 

TOPtib, part, of 1Mb. 

TUD" 1 ^? m. (^T<op) rhetor, advocate. SifreDeut. 343 
'31 inxb lb 1311351 finis?! ... % like to an advocate who 
stands on the platform (in court) and has been hired by 
a man to speak in his behalf; Yalk. ib. 951 ... IBiJtbb 
'31 1SW1 (corr. ace). 

^b,y. *&. 

rr&fb, v. nb. 

pO'D&O (accus. of A&xeon) ty Lachesis ! (the 
goddess of fate). Lev. E. s. 30 (in a speech of a gentile 
robber) '31 I^MBX ib b b"!S Ar. (Var. ptiib, "posb; in 
ed. differ, phraseology, a. our w. omitted) by L. ! Noth- 
ing has been left to me of all &c. [Ar. explains inbxb (?).] 

&D0&O, Targ. Lam. Ill, 34 ilbail b nifin some ed. 
(oth. fbV\ mnr>), — a misplaced and corrupt Var. for 
&D3ab in the beginning of the verse. 

■pastb, v. twdk%. . 
Tfibab,. ▼.-*&«. 

3 aaV 

^Nb, part, of i»b. 

SPOI&fctb, SK WStfb, Targ. Y. I Num. XI, 8, a cor- 
rupt, for XJO'iE&iS;, v. O&bX; v., however, XDifea.— V. Xi*fflb. 


■wpab, v.^pub. 

J^m.(b.h.; aab; cmp.aip a.aip) [mMermosf ,] fteari, 
bosom; thought, inclination, mind &c. Sot. I, 5 nab SiTi 
tt&O if her bosom was handsome (inciting the senses). 
Shebu. 26 a "|0S1* *|ab thy heart has carried thee away 
against thy will, i. e. you were under the impression that 
you told the truth. Nidd. 3 b , IBplS iab, v. t|gSI. Men. 
79 b , a. e. }Tvbi) SlJfa 1"3 ab the authorities (in receiving 
materials for offerings) accept them with a condition 
at heart (that they may dispose at their discretion of 
what has not been used for sacrifices). — &J lab, v. &1S I. — 
Midr. Till, to Ps. IX, 1 Vbs lab his heart is against him, 
he bears him a grudge.— Zeb. 21 a Diplia blB 'jalsa KiSinb 
to remove (the false opinion) out of the heart of the 
Sadducees, i. e. to demonstrate, by practice, the rejection 
of their opinion; Hag. 23 a (Ms. M. diplisn i3Sa); Yoma 
2 a (Ms. M. 'SSI i3&a, v. Par. Ill, 7). Gen. E. s. 87, end (in 
a gloss) nv*ian blU pba Inacsirib in order to remove (the 
bad opinion about) her out of the hearts of men, i. e. to 
save her reputation. — Ned. 20 b , v. OTli}; a. v. fr. — Trnsf. 
a) the marrow of trees, the sap-wood. Meg. H a ; Succ.45 b 
as the palm-tree '31 Thi* ab xbi< lb fst has only one 'heart' 
(sap-cells only in the stem but none in the branches), so 
has Israel one heart directed to his Father &c.— b) centre, 
central portion. Lev. E. s. 30, end '31 bit) Wab. ablb a Lulab 
which is the central stalk of the palm tree, v. ablb. — 
PI. f. hiab. Midr. Till, to Ps. VII '3i b ima rmsis naa 
from the fact that thou examinest hearts and reins &c. 

—V. aab. 

nb, aab, v&b, annb, ansb, ^ me . Ta rg. 

Gen. VI, 5^ Targ^I Chr. XIl' 38; a.'fr. — Ab. Zar. 55 a Tab 
9T 1 ^abl myself and thyself are convinced &c. Midr. Till, 
to Ps.VlI (ref. to Dlaiun, ib. XII, 8) lirtaba Krvw-llS 1EM 
'31 guard the Law in their hearts. Ib. to Ps. XXVIII, end 
(ref. to Gen. XXXVII, 4) iSai&a ilrt 'bal Ma as they thought 
so did they speak, but there (II Sam. XIII, 22) 'ban na 
XalSa 5<b he did not speak out what was in his heart; 
Gen. E. s. 84 "jiriai&a iina^ba "H; niaiba niaiba "h what 

was in his heart remained there. Snh. 35 a [read:] TI5 
itta-W iffiOiSTb ^aro SalSI although they (the secre- 
taries) record the word of mouth (the vote of each judge), 
the heart (the impressiveness of the argument), once for- 
gotten, remains forgotten (cannot be recalled several days 
after; v. Eashi in Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note). Hull. 59 a , a. fr. 
—SOpn 'bt on an empty stomach; a. v. fr.— "T Sta^bx 

(rre^x), v. xa^x.— PI. x;ab, 'aib, ^aab : ,.!*;aab, ^aab, 
iaab, "b. Targ. Pro v. XXVII, 19 Njab (ed. Lag- V^S)- 
Targ. Jer. XII, 3. Targ. II Esth. V, 1 ; a. fr. 


f. (b. h. nab)/tae. Erub. 53 b a Galilean w 


(v. Taii*) says instead of sabh *pb51K1 "W (come, I will 
give thee cream to eat): sab "pbain Ms. M. a flame con- 
sume thee (ed. 6<*>ab a lion &c), v. Babb. D. S. a. 1 — [Pes. 

42 b stab ins isas, v. sab.] 
ifib = xanb : , v. sa. 

&Gb, Targ. Y. Gen. XVIII, 8, v. *>8<llb. 

*&Gb or "Ob (v. nab) [to grow white; cmp. Joel 1,7,] 
to 6e dried up, v. infra. 

Pa. Kab or^ab to % dry. M. Kafc. ll a iisab i&ttV*lS blS 
11113 Ar. ed. Koh. the Pumbeditheans laid the fish dry 
(by changing the cpurse of the water) ; [ed. as corrected 
in marginal note (v. also Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 300): DlSa 
11113 i»a> NrVHa at P. the fish were laid dry (the water 
failing through some obstruction in the channel); Var. 
in Ar. iJSab xmia (read /b Q) the B'ditha dried up]. 

"£G5 m. pi. (preced.) dried up, laid dry. Kidd. 72 a 
XnaiBa^'ilTOI K1"*) 13pX Ar. they surrounded (with nets, 
mats &c.) a pond of fish that were laid dry on the Sab- 
bath (to prevent the fish from being swept along with the 
comiDg flood) ; [for differ, version and interpret., v. KSp]. 


r. aoab. 


~_ m. (b. h.) = ab, heart; (in rabbinical homiletics) 
double heart, seat of two opposite inclinations (v. IT?). 
Ber. IX, 5 (ref. to Deut. VI, 5) 'SI "psi liffla Spab tea 
'with all thy heart' means with both thy inclinations 
&c. (i. e. break thy evil inclination for the love of God). 
Gen. E. s. 48 (ref. to Gen. XVIII, 5) '31 ftx Daaa> 11S&1 
it does not say here, 'comfort ye your Vbab, but your leV, 
which intimates that the evil inclination has no power 
over angels; a. e. — [Pesik. S'lih., p. 166 a , v. next w.] — 
PI. f. rVfaa>. Tanh. Ki Thabo 1 (ref. to Deut. XXVI, 16) 
'31 'b i™.\'.trtWna Dh81» SlSffiO when you pray before 
the Lord, you shall not have two hearts, one for the 
Lord, and one for another thing (idol); ib. 2. Sot. I, 8 
'b 'J ai5 (Bab. ed. p. 9 b hiaUS) he deceived three hearts 
(v. aia). B. Bath. 12 b before eating and drinking man has 
'31 'b TUB two hearts (his thoughts are not clearly de- 
fined) &c. (ref. to Job XI, 12 'a hollow man is divided at 

33b (t 

25 (b. h.) 1) to join closely; to tie. — Part. pass. asiab, 
pi. 'paiab. Sabb. V, 2 (52 b ) 'b f&ST bi-Ol wethers may- 
be taken out (on the Sabbath) coupled ; expl. ib. 53 b iimn. 
Ib. Slrt "Wlpl VQV¥b 'b Wl Saffla "Wo where is the proof 
that this root aab has the meaning of bringing close 
together ? Answ. ref. to "Waab (Cant. IV, 9) 'thou hast 
chained me'; '31 Dab IMS bilb •plffllpffl IIS "MX xblS Ulla 
says (I'bubin refers to) the skin w&ch is tied against 
their chests to protect them from the attacks of wolves ; 
Y. ib.V, 7 b hot. '31 IIS pl3 STUB (v. 1^6-iia).— 2) (denom. 
of ab) part. pass, aiab (IIS) a Aide showing a hole in the 
place corresponding to the heart.— PI. tTOfob., Tawb. Ab. 
Zar. II, 3 (29 b ) 'b M11S hides with holes &c. (are for- 
bidden, because the heart has been cut out for idolatrous 

purposes); expl. Tosef. ib. IV (V), 7; Y. ib. II, 41 b ; Bab. 
ib. 32 a . 

Nif. aab? to be tied around. Y. Sabb.X", end, 12 d niBISM 
aafeib .... he who makes a strap to be tied around (an 
animal's chest &c, v. supra); Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. IV, 13 

aabb Pi. 

Pi. aa^b 1) to join, tie, v. supra. — 2) (denom. of ab) 
to encourage; to strengthen. Tanh. Sh'moth 14; Ex. B. s. 
2 (play on nab, Ex. Ill, 2) '31 iaabb ; (113) in order to 
make him courageous when he comes to Mount Sinai &c. 
Gen. E. s. 77 "i-fttU iaabai .... rTO the king took his son 
and made him courageous by making him attack the 
(tamed) lion; Cant. B. to III, 6 laaba !TW 'mth.tlS iWl 
ta 1J» he attacked the lion and incited him against his 
son. Pesik. S'lih., p. 166 a [read:] lias "ptt aab -;rO MSP 
improve thy strength, strengthen thy powers, valiant man! 
(Ar. ed. Koh. flliasa fi3 aa^b, oth. ed. Inliasa H3 aab join 
physical strength to valor). * 

saab, &enb, v . «>. 
■nb, v.iani. 

"Q5 [to join,] to full, stamp. — Part. pass, "flab q. v. 

"D5 m. (preced., Arab, libd, v. PI. to Levy Targ. Diet. 
I, p. 429 1 ) felt; thick, fulled or felted stuff made of wool, 
hair &c. Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. V, 3 sq. (interch. with Tiab). 
— PI. ta^ab, fiab. Ib. 3.— Esp. felt-cloaks. Ib. 1 1 . Tos. Neg. 
V, 1 ; 14. Kil. IX, 9 DillbX 'b felt-clothes (of mixed ma- 
terial) are forbidden. 

Jtfpb, '~b ch. same.-PJ.ywib, SWab, "b. Y.Ber. II, 
5 a top T '31 'b 1"iat nasns he took to selling felt-clothes for 
children; Lam. B. to I, 16 TT^V Y- SaDb - vn > 10 c bot. 
'b "pbiiO like those felt-garments (which cannot be torn 
apart, but must be cut). 

fcWHjld m. (preced.) the hairy side of cloth. Targ. Y. 
Lev. XIII, 55. 

swab, v. Kwab. 

Pp^D? m. pi. (v. bipWib) Libyan asses. Targ. Y. 
Gen. XXXII, 16 Ar. (ed. yipilb, ppl -plllb, '1 flbll, read: 


Op"Db, v. bipwrb. 
nib, v. iab. 

TQj m. (lab) 1) = lab.— 2) compact, solid. Sabb. 97 a ; 
Succ. 16 b TOT 'b3 InffliblBa riin& b3 wherever there is a gap 
of less than three handbreadths, the parts so separated 
are considered as a solid (partition), e. g. a mat suspend- 
ed vertically so as to leave a gap of less than three hand- 
breadths from the ceiling and one of the same size from 
the floor is' to be considered a solid wall completing the 
requirements of the Succah (v. nalb).— Hence labud, the 
legal fiction of considering separated parts as united, if 
th»e gap is less than three handbreadths. Ib. XZtfft Irta 
'31 'b i"lh "piias 'b in you might have thought we adopt 
one labud but not two labud (a fictitious connection with 



the ceiling and with the floor) ; Erub. 9 a pilax nflK rtfla 
'31 into 'V. Ib. 4 b the traditional rule aplies '=1 'Vto lis!? 
to the fiction of stretching (v. IS?), of 7aiuc{ &c. ; Succ. 
6 b 'W>1 Ms. M. (ed. b\ oorr. ace). 'Erub. 9 a , v. OOtj. 

y&h, v. ^>. 

Wfi5 m. flal?) foundation. Sabh. 104 a , v. ■£>. 

HlJ'O? f. (b. h.; lab) [wMfe] frankincense. Ker. 6 a . 
Snh. 43 a they gave the culprit '31 'b bffl Blip a grain of 
frankincense in a cup of wine to benumb his senses (v. 
tfiB); Treat. S'mah. ch. II, 9; a. fr. 

tfW'Qb, ^r02b ch. same. Targ. Is. LX, 6 (some 
ed. filial?). 'Targ. T 6.''Ex. XXX, 34; a. fr. 

■j^mb, t. t«9V 

^%B . ■ • m ' P 1 * ( IjiDUrn i° us J cmp. Liburnici cu- 
oulli, Sm. Ant. s. v. Cucullus) Libumian mantles. Targ. 
Is. in, 22 (h. text hin&oa); ed. Wil. a. Bxt. 'b SWSilBlIB, 
taking 'b as an adjective : Libumian clothes; (ed.Lag. 'bl; 
Var. SJJJsSfaisi, S^pJ-liabjl ; Ar. reads SOpiia to which 

IZ)^? m. (b. h.; Bab) garment, covering. Ex. R. s. 1 
Tjta itBiiab his dress was Egyptian. Ukts. I, 2 flbtt> 'bfi 
the husk of the wheat grain; a. fr.— PI. V&tS^, V«*Ob : . 
Snh. 90 b )madha y^QpSW V<p-m the righteous who are 
buried in their garments, v. 13119 ; (Keth. lll^iYHBiabaa). 
Meg. 16 b M3ba "'WSb fflBah five official garments; Yalk. 
Esth. 1059 niaba bffi diffliab; a. fr.— V. aJiaba. 

ttfrlb, N^inb, ^2b ch. 1) same. Targ. Esth.IV,2. 
Targ. II kings T IV, 42 fvitttaba. (ed. Lag. 8YH»aba); h. text 
libpJta); a. fr.— Keth. 63 a '31 SJiab iJI*a "b^lB borrow 
dressy garments and cover thyself (to meet thy husband). 
Gen. R. s. 21 fTO! Wa rVnitoVi whose covering is a part 
of (inseparable from) its body. Taan. 21 b , v.fctsV'OiS. Sabb. 
77 b (playful etymology) flBiia Kb Kliiiab no shame. Nidd. 
20 a ; a. fr.— PL T«3b, «!Wab. Targ. Gen. Ill, 21. Targ. 
Esth. IT, 1 ; a. fr.— Tam. 32 a iW-lSI fWVA purple garments ; 
a. e. — 2) eircumvallation. Targ. Zech. XII, 6 "1151 b (h. 
text )DS 1TO). 

iSpb, J3fDb, contr. talb, Tiaib, yb m. (lab, cmp. 
nab) (thai which is joined to an object,] vertical rim, edge 
(by which a flat utensil is made into a vessel-like recept- 
acle, v. BTOB a. *$*). Pes. 48 b taiab fib yW flb3B Ms. 
M. (ed. ftaiab pl.j a board which has no edges; Kel. 11,3 
l">aib (R. some ed. tarab). Tosef. Ukts. II, 18 U)il» flb3B 
fOT>b fib ed. Zuck. (oth. eth. •ptatab). Tosef. |)h. XII, 5 
an inverted vessel (v. fi!B>&3) tt&B "pis fib B1TI which has 
a rim of one ^nandbreadth projecting from the bottom 
(so that it can be used as a receptacle in its inverted 
state). Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. VI, 17 tarbfl fib V (read UP 

b fib); Kel. VIII, 9, v. fliiSBSS*. Mikv. IV, 2 latsb Mish. 
ed.; a. fr. — Pi. "ptatab, yijatb, 'yb. Pes. 1. c, v. supra. 
Kel.XVIII,l (ed. Dehr.'pnapb); Tosef. ib. B.Mets.VIII.l 
••pTOrt ed. Zuck. (Var. •pfaa^b; oth. ed. ptafb). 

l. Libzah. Y. Shebi. IV, 35 a bot. fmbsa 

nnb p 

b ma, 'v. n 

T3S3 (b. h.; cmp. Sam. B3b = fiaS, Ex. XXII, 21, sq.) 
to knock about, to send from place to place. Mekh.B'shall., 
Amal., s. 2 Wfiaab Kb dfnajSlD when Abraham was to 
be shown the holy land (Gen. XIII, 14) they did not 
trouble him to leave his place, *lfMB3b fl!!)al but Moses 
they did put to the trouble &c. (Dent. Ill, 27).— Part, 
pass, B»b, pi. ditjiialj outcasts. Gen. R. s. 52, beg., v. 

Nithpa. Babro to be troubled; to go from place to place. 
Sifre Num. 84 they began to murmur against the king 
11 -inn bs TOabrotB that they were troubled to make that 
journey (to meet him); ib.'31 'bfti dbiattJaffl . . .n,bafl the 
king had a right to complain, for he had taken all that 
trouble for their sake; Yalk. Num. 729 (v. Targ. Hos. IV, 
14 s. v. ttto"!). 

QD.5 m. (preced.) trouble, misery.— PI. dorsals, constr. 
iaA. ' Gen. R. s. 52, beg. (ref. to Prov. X, 8 aabi, with 
play on Bib) m#& iBab l^bs fcTOfl Lot brought upon 
himself the miseries of the outcasts (ref. to Deut. XXIII, 
4 sq.) ; Yalk. Prov. 946 d">B3b ^B3b troubles after troubles. 


"CD," n^b (contr. of 3ftb, to be bright; cmp. abab, 
Tab II); Pi. fia"b, fiab fo Wow ablaze, enkindle. B. Kam. 
VI, 4 (59 b ) a^fl fiaVafi "'bl IMS Sa if a third person came 
(after one brought the wood and another the light), 
and blew the wood ablaze, he who fanned the flame is 
responsible; '31 flllf! flr&b (Y. ed. Ifiaib, Mish. Nap., 
Ms. H. a. R. inab, '3/4, v' Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 30) if the 
wind enkindled' it, all are free. Ib. 60 a fTTlfl fina^l "b 
if he blew and the wind set the fire ablaze, iisba IB" 1 dX 
a**n rSrf\sbb ^a if there was in his blow enough force 
to set it ablaze, he is guilty; Tosef. ib. VI, 22 ina">il fiai;, 
fliaib 113 . . . ed. Zuck. (Var. b for 3).— B. Kam. 1. c'. Wil ysaa 
'31 ': ijnl IKai. .. b he who teaches libbah is not at fault, 
nor is he who teaches nibbah (ref. for libbah to labbath, 
Ex. Ill, 2, for nibbah to 3ii, Is. LVII, 19); Y. ib. II, 5 C 
top (ref. for nibbah to Jer. XX, 9 'it (the word of proph- 
ecy, v. X33) was in my heart like a burning fire')- Bab. 
ib. 1. c. '31 VaVl fiiiaa ni"ia "bm 11S3 it means, if he blew 
while there was ordinary air stirring, and then an un- 
usual wind set in, and blew it ablaze. Ib. 59 b b Ida 
b"\ Fvbna he placedin his charge glowing coals, and he 
(the irresponsible person) did the blowing, ppp. to Ida 
naflbtt! b. Y. Sabb. Ill, beg. 5 C '31 miSi Frt>S Staba he lets 
hatchelled flax blaze over the hot ashes (so as to form 
a cover on which to place dishes for the Sabbath ; Tosef. 
ib. Ill, 2 lp^lfl). 

Nithpa. fisbro to flame up. Sabb. 37 a finabn ? i fiaBp 



if after having covered the embers with ashes, the flames 
blazed up again; Y. ib. 1. o. FQbhSl. 

i^35 m - ( D - n - i preced.) {the flame-eolored, omp. ffw,] 
lion. Snh. 95 a the lion has six names 'ai '\ "Mba ■>"«*. Ib. 
106 a hSJiaii 6 pa ... . in who will dare to throw his 
garment between the lion and the lioness? — PL WSp'b. 
Y. Peah 1, 1 6 a (ref . to Ps. LVII, 5) mina '*> WlB . . . hi this 
refers to Abner and Amasah who were lions in the Law 
(v. fl?&; Pesik. Par., p. 31 b ; a. e. 

&035 pr. n. pi. (?) Labia. Y. Shek. VII, 2 Bab. ed. 
'Vl Kp4n&a Ms.M. (v. Kabb. D. S.a.l., p. 63, note, ed.ilVl; 
Y. ed. 50 c bot. ">lbl 'SK) in the inn of L. 

Jl^^b, fc^35 f. (v. i* 1 ^) lioness. Snh. 106 a , v. 
SWlb.— Midr. Till. toPs. XXXIX ; Yalk. ib. 721, v. Stfate. 


v. swaV. 

D]^b, v .'iaV 

■p-frnb, Tnbiab.v.wntejb. 

"p3b, Tosef. Shebi. V, 7, v.mB. 


fctrO'Db f - oh.=h. n;a!j, &«<*. Targ. Y. Ex. XXIV, 
10, v. KJjwfca. Targ. Gen. XL 3 ed. Berl. xnjiai (oth. ed. 
KM-q!:).— B. kam. 96 b 'V> )T*Tasi . . . Wl if one stole earth 
. /.'and made it into a brick; JOBS irmsi'i if one stole 
a brick and crushed it to powder ; a. e. — PI. "pa!?, K* jiab, 
'a^K Targ. Gen. 1. c— Targ. Ex. V, 7 sq.; a. e. 

SSJD'Qv m. pi. (v. K&) caldrons. Targ. Y. Num. 
XXXI, 23.' ' 

DWb, pD^b, v. wb. 

■prqb, ('lab), <&=•&$&, v. ^n- 
ttfab, v. usa>. 
wtf'ob, v. b^ oh. 

rH23"D!3 f. (fljab) putting on, dressing, opp. hDilUB un- 
dressing. Yoma 32 a 'SI 'JTSB '^ ha as well as dressing 
(the priest's putting on his priestly garments) requires 
sanctiflcation (washing), so does &c. ; Y. ib. Ill, 40 c ha 
'31 ffllpa 'b as well as he must sanctify himself for dress- 
ing &c. Lev. R. s. 22 '31 inirTh ttybs »&*& (I forbade 
thee) to wear clothes of mixed material, as an offset I 
permitted thee &c. 

?|35to 7ioM/as*(v. P. Sm. 1882). Targ. Prov. XXXI, 19. 


3 53 5 (v. hai>) to Woom, sprout. Yoma 39 b (ref. to 
IS" nia,i Kings X, 21 as designating the Temple) "Wft ha 
'31 abain as the forest produces sprouts, so does the 

Temple. Ib. 81 b (expl. biJBS ^li) '31 h"1a Otoffl *>3 
such as sprouted forth between New Year and the Day 
of Atonement; a. e. 

2535 I ch. same. Targ. Ps. I, 3. Targ. Job. VIII, 19 ; 
a. e.— Ab. Zar. 38 b "GloVa IpBilS by the time they leave 
(the bathroom), the seeds blossom. 

Ithpalp. aba^nx same. Targ. Ps. XOII, 8. 

!1 53 5 II, n 51T 5 (v. preced.; cmp. meanings of i>h3) 
to siotd. Targ. Y.IEx. XIV, 13 *&&*; HllVilis Cl>Vfo); 
(corresp. to h12, Mekh. B'shall. s. 2). —Pesik. Dibre, p. 
110 b (expl. -|*i1p T , ibhS, Is. X, 30) -|V,p ftpfe (Ms. O. ytteb 
-jbpa, read VlWb; oth. Var., v. Buber a'. 1. note); Yalk. 
Is. 284 'pWi (corr. ace). 

N3535, ^3^.35, '"Tb m. (a]?ai i) &foo», fitossom. 

Targ. Job' XV, 33 '>aV (ed. Lag. 'licni; h. text tm'l.— Pl. 

V&&, "&$, T^.' Tar s- °- Gen - XL > 10 ( Y - edT - Amst - 

Xhaibab). Targ. Num. XVII, 23 (Y. II ymB). Targ. Ps. 
I, V-naba^ (ed. Lag. '>ai*s, Ms. iiaVft). 

"3535 pr. n. pi. Lablabo, on the road from Acco 
to Ecdipp'a. Gitt. 7 b ; Tosef. Ohol. XVIII, 14 lasted; Y. 
Shebi.V, 36 b bot. abab.— Tosef. 1. c. 2 315ab ed.Zuck. (Var. 
13aS; E. S. to Ohol. XVIII, 7 ))&). 

lb3b,v. aton. 

n^lbS^ f. (= 'iato, preced. art.), pi. fYWito Za&- 
Za&o grapes. Y. Bice. I, 63 d bot. 

] 1 53b, Pesik. Dibre, p. 110 b , v. a^aK 

1 53 5, 1 53" 5 m. (librarius) copyist, clerk, scribe. 
Sabb^ji (ll a J'3l''ai>h sVi (Y. ed. -a^h) nor must the 
scribe go out (shortly before the beginning of the Sab- 
bath) with his pen (behind his ear); Y. ib. 3 b top. Gitt. 
Ill, 1 '31 'V? "108 if one says to the scribe &c, v. Wia 
Snh. 17 b (among the requirements of a town in which 
a scholar should live) 'V\ "pMt ti&Ti a physician, a surgeon 
and a clerk.— Peah II, 6 'ih bins (Ms. M. "teari); Naz. 
56 b *sh dire Nahum the scribe; a. fr. — PI. Ti^?> "*?• 
Sabb. ll a . [Ib. 92 b '31 httia I'nba^ pia for the imperial 
scribes carry their bags that way ; prob. to be read "HsOO, 
v. ibaa] 

lb35, «nb3b, ( y 3b), '3^5 ch. same. Targ. II Chr. 
XX, 34. "lb. XXIV.'ll ; a. e.—Pl. 't&?>, K^a>, ,b, >. »• 
XXXIV, 13 ; 17 ; a. e.— Targ. Y. II NumixiI.V ytibrdb B^, 
l^ia^ '1, read : 'p-ftaib ffl^i chief clerk (a gloss to iraitJialp 
a, v.). 

135 1 (b. h. ; denom. of hjab) to make or pile bricks. 
B. Mefes. X, 5 (118 b ) d^iab fiaa/ft iiHI but you are not per- 
mitted to pile up bricks (on the public road). Ib. 'piaiS 

■pa* Kb i>a!* uiH Ms. M. (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note; 

ed. a^iab; Y. ed. tfwii) you may knead clay on jthe 
public road (for immediate use), but you are not permit- 
ted to form bricks; (Y. ed.: but not for making bricks). 
Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. Ill, 7 ; ib. Ohol. XVII, 7. 

]!33 II (cmp. nab) to glisten. 

PL "jab 1) to polish, brighten; to finish. Sabb. YII, 2 
tatem . . . Ilisn he who clips wool and he who cleanses 
it (by washing, removing clods &c.) ; Y. ib. 10 c top uaban 
'31 ISSal fin under m'labben of the Mishnah is implied 
(any preparation for improving raw material, e. g.) he 
who pitches wood &c, v. Hgte*. Ib. dlffla Spn "jltMiian 
late he who cleanses amiant (v. fiuS'waK) comes under 
the law forbidding polishing (on the Sabbath). Tosef. 
Ber. VII (VI), 2; Ber. 58 a ; Y. ib. IX, 13 c top '31 'bl ttS he 
(Adam) clipped (wool) and cleansed &c. Ab. Zar. V, 12 
'31 "|a>? 11SO "jabb . . . -OllttJ MK such utensils as are or- 
dinarily cleansed by being put in the fire (metal spits 
&c.) he must cleanse by fire. — Gen. B. s. 70 (play on "jab, 
Gen. XXIX, 5) do you know Him "31 "jabb *tV8 Slfl'lB who 
will cleanse your sins to make them appear like snow 
(Is. 1, 18)?; a. fr.— Part. pass. "jaiba finished, polished, re- 
fined. Nidd. 31 a (of an embryo) filial 'ba well-formed and 
of strong vitality; Snh. 70 b ; Num. B. s. 10.— Ib. Slim 'te 
finished (refined) in wickedness, v. &i&3"lB!!t ; Gen. B. s. 60 ; 
Buth B. to H, 1; Yalk. Gen. 109. — Esp. a) to glaze tiles; 
to heat tiles. Bets. IV, 7 (33 a ) '=1 nx 'pate "pX you must 
not heat (new) tiles (on Holy Days) for roasting on them ; 
Y. ib. IV, end, 62 d dipllda 'pate 1aX"1 )Vso he who says 
that you may heat tiles &c, refers to such as have been 
tested (to be sound under fire). — b) (of metal utensils, v. 
supra) to glow. Hull. 8 a '31 "pad '^ if one made a knife 
glowing hot and cut with it; a. fr.— Part. pass, laite, f. 
Hiaite. Y. Yeb. XVI, 15 c bot. 

Eithpa. Ilten, Nithpa. ^ate? 1) to grow white, glossy, 
be cleansed. ExiB.s. 23 (play on riabui a. nabto) nabiun na 
PlSateal nitini nabsbna nstn as the garment gets soiled 
and is cleansed again &c; (Yalk. Cant. 982 tioasna). Ib.; 
Cant. B. to 1, 6 IBIS 'i his tanned skin became white again, v. 
tena— 2) to be glowed, heated. Sabb.27 b «ate';lBa...pixni 
bundles of flax are considered finished after they are 
baked; Sifra Thazr., Neg., Par. 5, ch. XIII. 

Hif. "plabn 1) to grow white. Neg. I, 6 U^ni . . . 1VI if 
the hair was black and turned white. Ib. IV, i ... "pp^S 
"pate 'jlDfcOl if their roots are black and their tops white. 
Yoma VI, 8; a. fr.— 2) to whiten, cleanse. Cant. B. to V, 11 
'31 EpS "pabnb to make white one wing of a raven. Yoma 
39 b the Temple is called Lebanon '31 'pateffl because it 
cleanses the sins &c— Keth. 59 b TO ns'lia^lB tvtrtn 
he who desires to make his daughter white-complexioned 
(handsome); a. e. — Transf. (with d*>SB) to put to shame, 
expose. Ab. Ill, 11 'ai "SB 1 'paten he who exposes his 
fellowman to shame in public. B. Mets. 59 a dlxb lb niS 
'31 "p3> bxi . . . V&HO man should rather have himself 
thrown into a furnace than put his neighbor to shame. 
Yalk. Deut. 938 dniJB -"pate iJK I should put them to 
shame; (Pirke d'B. El. ch, XLIV nbsa, v. nbj). B. Mets. 
58 b d^al "jBllB lb^SO . . "paten te he who puts his neigh- 
bor to public shame is considered as if he shed blood ; 
a. fr.— Y. Succ. V, 55 c bot. (play on bai) ^a naa ")%att) 
"iat it shames (excels) many a musical instrument. » 

"JD5 ch. (denom. of joab, cmp. rn"ix) to have a strong 

) n:s> 

rest; to be well balanced. Sabb. 104 a nisia SITIX nplB d"a 
ijab "ate nasi Ms. M. why has the word IplB one single 
foot (in the letter p), while the letters of nax have a level 
foundation?; (ed. tffiSh ")Ste naXl "Wp &una Xinx 81ptt> 
falsehood (Iptt)) stands on one leg, while the foundation 
of truth (naX) is level). 

Pa. "jab to /bw«d, resi. Erub. 14 a '=1 Xiioa n^b "pate 
you may form a level rest for it by plastering, partly on 
this, partly on the other side, so that it will be firm- 
Part, pass, ^atei v. supra. 

"D3 I (b. h.) pr. n. m. Laban, son of Bethuel, freq. 
ia*iNn T 'l3 L. the Aramaean. Snh. 105 a . Ab. Zar. 3 a 'b Xiai 
'31 let L. come and give testimony for Jacob &c. Gen. 
Koh. B. to II, 26 ; a. fr. 

■jab 1 

J™ II m. (b. h. ; v. "jab) white; white color, white sub- 
stance. Gen.B. s. 73 'b "ja a white child, opp. 12513. Men. 
IV, 1 'te ns . . . ntefin the absence of the blue fringe is 
no obstacle to using the white one &c. Bekh. 45 b , v.pna. 
Lev. E. s. 31 '31 'te "fina nj$11 d"1X "pX man does not see 
through the white (of the eye). Yoma 75 a rY&MDb 'b, v. 
IS II. Ib. VII, 4, a. fr. 'b. itO garments of white stuff. 
Ib. 1, v. rHbBdl* ; a. v. fr.— 'b(n) n^iU a bright, shadeless 
field, vegetable or grain field, opp. "jte* nitt) orchard. Shebi. 
H, 1. M. Kat.I, 4 C ; a. fr.— PL d^iab, "pttb. Mikv. VIII, 2 
diafflas 'b (d^a) white and cohesive matter (urin). Tosef. 
Sabb. I, 22 'te white garments, opp. "pSiaS colored ; a. fr. 
—Fern. nnb. Y. Shek. VI, 49 d bot. ; Cant. B. to V, 11 2)X 
'b white fire. Sifra Thazr., Neg., Par. 5, ch. XIII dVKBB na 
'b laS t|K 'b as 'linen' means 'of natural white color', so 
does 'wool' &c. Gen. B. s. 73 'b IX niiniB is it the portrait 
of a black or of a white person ? ; a. fr.— PI. HlJalp. Mace. 
20 b '31 'b Optea when he plucks the gray hair from 
among the black. B. Kam. 60 b ; a. fr. 

"J23 ch. 1) same. Targ. Y. Gen. XXX, 37, v. next w.— 
*2) = xsab, brick. Targ. Y. II Ex. XXIV, 10 (Y. I, a. O. 

ps; h/text nsa!=). 

■j!l r ', *^0 (l^) m. ch.=h.n?a>, while poplar. Targ. 
O. Gen. XXX, 37 (Y. pb niBI, v. IrTnB). Targ. Hos. IV, 13. 


&CDb, "h m. brick; pi. "p?^> T^., v. SW^. 

n31<> '"£< f - ( b - n -; P^ t° stamp, tread, cmp. lab; 
v. Schr.'kAT2,'p. 121 note) brick. Lev. B. s. 23 (ref. to 
■Ex. XXIV, 10, cmp. Targ. Y. ib.) tes lteM &6ffi> IS nt 

'31 "jroiriV 'b te na"rt nn^n -pin iteMUia this (brick of 

sapphire under his feet) was before they (the Israelites) 
were redeemed, but after their redemption the brick was 
placed where it belonged. Kel. IX, 6 '31 nstetiJ 'b a brick 
in which a metal ring has entirely disappeared; Tosef. 
Mikv. VI (VII), 12 '31 'te rairaiU nsaa a ring which 
was stuck into a brick of soft clay. Ab. Zar. 46 a 'VDpTO, 
v. S)p4; a. fr.— PI. d"isa>, '"nb. Ex. B. s. 5. Pirke d'R. El. 
ch. XL VIII 'te "plb "l^a between the layers of bricks. B. 


Bath. I, 1; a. fr. — Trnsf. Vbenah, the larger portion of a 
line filled out with writing ; [Bashi : the blank], v. ft" 1 "}!*. 

ruab, 'b r^y_, v. n P ^. 

n jib f. (b. h.) 1) fern, of ',ai q. v.— 2) woow. Ber. 59 b . 
Erub. T 56 a '31 'ia IK 'i TiTian' Kim provided the new 
moon sets in either at the moon-hour (the second hour 
of the night of the first day of the week and every eighth 
hour suceeding) or under the planet Tsedek (Jupiter). 
Pesik. E. s. 15, a. fr. 'ii dTila, v. nsa II. lb. 'in lila, v. 
lila. Gen. E. s. 33, end 'in ma\ v. di"i; a. fr. 

iDiib, 2i:ab,v.iaiai. 

|Uj5 (b. h.) pr. n. Lebanon, the mountain range in 
the north of Palestine. Cant. E. to IV, 15 . . . xnniB IS 
'i "pas until the decision (Halachah) sprouts forth (bright) 
like a kind of Lebanon; ib. V, 12 (cmp. aiai) ; a. fr.— 
Metaph. JKb^; Temple. Sifre Deut. 6 ; Gitt. 56 b ; Yoma 
39 b , v. iai.— [Y. Kil. I, 27 a hot., 'i ■'alia, v. Tiaaiio^a. 

rfO ! D3b f. flai) whiteness. Neg. IV, 4 'ia sm naa 

how much of the hair must be white (as a symptom of 
leprosy)?— Lev. R. s. 14 'i il» nsro (not maiiai) a drop 
of white matter; Yalk. Lev. 547. Lev. E. 1. c. Weai ilB; 

Yaik.i. c. rmisai iaj; laii i©; (Ar. rrtua.iffl, some ed. 

one w. rmiiailB, corr. ace). 
rfi320, v . preced. 

yoab, ^nb, P i. <* xn^ai. 

"]32b, '3" , b ch.=h. lisai. Targ. Is. XXIX, 17; a. e.— 
'ii KpiK, V. 8|3"1XH. 

*&25 m - O^N^i cmp., however, &Bi) caldron. Kel. 
XIV, l''(Var. OSi); Tosef. ih. B. Mets. IV, 1 '31 ■*» 'in the 
caldron (if defective) must be capable of serving as a 
receptacle for cups (in order to be fit for uncleanness). 
— PI. ^p^ai. Sifre Num. 158 'p&'oi (corr. ace; Pesik. 
Zutr.Matt.,'p. 279 ed. Bub. yBlBi); v. twai. 


mill? pr. n. Libruth, a river or canal. B. Mets. 

87 a 'in kittio ^a i"->i na-nx (Ms. M. rmai, Ms. E. niiai, 

v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) it requires a Vav as large as a 
rudder on the L.; Meg. 16 b (v. Eabb. D. B. a.l. note 6, a. 
XSipt II). 

*yfQ"pb, 'lit^'Qb m. (XttPpdrcov, XaopeSxov, S.) 
fAe emperor's portrait wreathed with laurels. Yalk. Ez. 
356 '3i -|ia iffl ■pMiai nilM (corr. ace.) she took the 
king's portrait and used it as fuel for making a hot drink. 
Ib. ii8) -pa-Da (corr. 'aia) ; Lam. E. to I, 9 Walli, read 
KB^li (laureata, sc. imago). [Ar. s. v. BSia, quotes a Var. 
prrilB, for pn-1115, a. expl. our w. = tlipalp.] 

"jTnab, ■ 

', Yalk. Esth. 1056, v. Ti^S. 

fct'JTSbi ; "l5? m- pi- (v- WI) Liburnian ships. 
Targ! y! II Num. XXIV, 24 '31 -,a 'ia (ed. Amst. K^aia, 

corr. ace.) on Liburnian ships from Borne; (Y.I SWiaai -ja 
Jfiu'W SIKai from Liburnia and the land of Italy). Targ. 
Y. II Deut. XXVIII, 68 (Y. I JK^SiiJH); v.)^~Q"b. 

1232" (b. h.) [to join closely, denom. IBOi garment, 
whence] ttjai, tt»i to be dressed; to put on (an under- 
garment), con'trad. to tp9, nS3. Y. B. Hash. I, 57 b top 

'31 Cpsnai ffnTitt} l&rii trtK a defendant before a 

human court puts on dark clothes and wraps himself in 
dark clothes,...; '31 OiCaii xix "p W8 i&nffli iax but not 
so the Israelites (on the New Year), but they put on white 
(festive) clothes &c. M. Kat. 17 a '=1 tpsrvn aiTiniB Mai"! 
let him put on dark clothes &c; Kidd. 40 a ; Hag. 16 a .— 
Gen. E. s. 75 ilia i©aii; Yalk. ib. 130 "i»ai, v. ins. Ex. 
B.s. 15'3l ffliaii "H3 DW^l strong enough to wear helmets 
&c; a. fr.— Part. pass, ffllai, pi. Dilftai. Ib. ThKl WIS ins 
'i one (the depth) was naked, the other (the earth) was 
covered (with water). Pesik. Ahare, p. 177 b '31 Disai 'i 
clad in white and wrapped in white. Yalk. Gen. 130, v. 
supra; a. fr. 

Pi. ttiai to invest; part. pass, loaiia. B. Bath. 122 a 'ia 
'31 n*m» invested with the Urim and Tummim. Tosef. 
Ohol. XIII, 5 [read with E. S. to Ohol. XII, 4) KiniB -pin 
Hlp^Sa ttJaiia a bed frame upholstered with tufts. 

Sif. Spain to clothe, invest. Ex. E. 1. c »i»sn 

V1">ani PlUi^aini he caused one slave to take off his garment 
and the other to put it on. Sot. 14 a t)X . . . ffi">aia Sin na 
'31 ttiain ntts as He clothes the naked..., so do thou &c. 
Tanh. Haye 3 '31 -pf lis l^aiai (not UPaiai) and clothes 
them in armor &c. Ib. (ref. to Ps. CIV, 1) ^pftttiainia tisn ftl 
D^a that is the strength with which I invested thee at 
the Bed Sea. Ib.'Sl TOSli Brain -]1im "jnina part of thy 
glory and majesty hast thou put on Abraham's head by 
granting him the dignity of old age. Yoma5 b 'jtipsin IS^a 
in what order did Moses clothe them? — Y. Shek. V, 49 a 

(expl. uiiaian oni&, ib. v, l, Mish. ed. miaian is) tr<nw 
'31 "H5a ai^aia he invested (the appointed person) with 
(had in charge) the high priest's garments; a. fr. 

ED 5, I£tob, tt5"Qb ch. same. Targ. Gen. XXXVIII, 
19; a.'fr.— Part. ■B^ai^'iai. Targ. Job XXVII, 17. Targ. 
Ez. IX, 2; a. fr.— Ber. 28 a ^Xal STa-ttJaV? ^» W^il 'JKa 
nilflaix SCSI ... let him who has been invested with the 
priest's cloak wear it ; or shall he who is not invested 
say to him who has been, take off thy cloak, and I will 
put it on?; i. e. let us respect the hereditary office of 

the Nasi, v. n^a. Keth. 54 a n^iiai inj">riD3'W ^niw>ai 

K3a she put on all her dresses and wraps. Sabb. 10 b [read:] 
•pp^ an-wajiais SJttniia (v. Eabb. D. S.a. 1. note 30) cloaks 
are precious on those who are invested with them, i. e. 
a pupil likes to quote his teacher; a. fr. 

Af. lBiaix 1) same. Targ. Ps. XCIII, 1 ; a. e.— Ber. 1. c. 
Ms, M. nij'iiaais, v. supra.-2) to clothe. Targ. Ps. CXXXH, 
16. Targ. Job XXIX, 14 "OJllBiNI and it clothed (protect- 
ed) me; a. e.— Kidd. 30 b [T«&3D1 STOTaisi (not n^iuail) 
and let him clothe and cover her:' Y. Keth. XII, 35 a 
top •'SWiaiK; Y. Kil. IX, 32 b top iDTOaia (corr. ace), v. 
Kpi^nsia. Tarn. 32 a ; a. e.— Trnsf. to take hold of, seize. 
Kidd. 81 b nfflais ^Si (her bashfulness in the presence of 

her father is a sign that) sensuality has seized her; Keth. 
51 b ruiBil* "Of passion has overpowered her (she speaks 
under the influence of sensual excitement). 

t>, Mb or «|b, v. 1ft, ttaft. 

wb, "wb t v. *$>. 

&pTP, Y. Sabb. V, beg. 7 b , v. Sipiiaia. 

fcCDIJlb, v. jwa*. 

M5 (denom. of ifta) *<> stacfc «>#A the pitchfork. Tosef. 
Sabb/lX (X), 10 pta/iVl .... DiSttJ if two take hold of a 
pitchfork and stack; Sabb. 92 b ; Sifra Vayikra, Hobah, 
oh. IX, Par. 7. 

"jl^JP, 'TO m. (legatum) bequest, legacy. Snh. 91 a 
'3i ft anas as Ar. s. v. aa (ed. y^aa!* )rav, Ms. m. "pais, 

v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) if a father made a bequest to his 
children in his life-time; Yalk. Gen. 110 )*»a*A (read 
•pqX<bpl.).—PL TUVb, KBjft (legata). Tanh. Noah 14 
Abraham was the first (in the Bible) mentioned for old 
age, for a wayfarers' inn, ftai and for disposing of prop- 
erty in life-time (ref. to Gen. XXIV, 6). 

^t'?'? f " (^7 Eta > SUD - 8°P«; v. Liddle et Scott Greek- 
Engl. Lex.') hare-skin. Gen. E. s. 20 Mus. (ed. "vab, Ar. 
&A); Tanh., ed. Bub., B'resh. 24 N ,13aft read y\^A Xa-ysiov, 
sub. SepfJia). 

jl J>, j"^"!5 m. (legio) Roman legion, in gen. legion, 
troops'. Ber. 32 b v. Niabft. Tosef. Hull. VIII, 16 '31 laiS ft 
if a Eoman legion passes from quarters to quarters, 
whatever has been used as a cover or shelter, (v. VnjS) 
is unclean; Hull. 123 a . Gen. E. s. 4, end nap ft an in- 
tractable legion. Tanh. Vayesheb 3 rOTOal ilHQ IffiK ft 
'31 'JBK1 (not 1UJ81) a legion of fine and distinguished men, 
their heads reaching up to the capital of pillars; a. fr. — 

PL twA, swab, nisiift, 'ft. lb. oi px ftx ft these 

legions are not worth anything (in the economy of Pro- 
vidence). Num. E. s. i ftn as wiai risaiiB . . . nata y*& it 
is not worthy of the King that his own legion (body-guard) 
be counted with the legions. Y. Taan. II, 65 b bot. ft "'W 
DTOptwo wild-tempered legions. Ex. E. s. 15 Ipltttl &1311 
fct^SIIS ftn ft a general before whom the legions cast 
the purple cloak (whom they proclaim emperor). lb. 
'31 ."iWain iOSlal and leads the legions out (in parade), 
and this dates the beginning of his rule. Lev. E. s. 16, end 
ftffl ft JY'3p!l SPlip the Lord summons his legions (to ex- 
ecute punishment); a. e. 

■ftyb, Wtljb, ^bch.l)same.-P/. ?? ^,'ft. Targ. 
Y. Num. XIII, l.'lb. XXIV, 24; Targ. Ez. XXX, 9 (h. text 
VS). [Targ. Job XV, 24 fta KTin&&ft linsa quot. in Nah- 
manides a. 1. ready to go around among the legions; ed. 
piaftab Dlaiaix,] — 2) (popular corrupt. =legatusj*7e^aie, 
delegate. Lev. E. s. 30 '31 iaaal> ft in ifts las (Ar. ft 
StsVaT; Tanh.Emor 18 -fts iffl nftlD) a royal legate passed 
by, sent to collect taxes; Pesik. Ul'kah., p. 182 a . 

T^ta^b, v. Tto?|. 

tfE^b, v.nextw. 

HlQ^b f. (nab, v.'xraft) 1) quaffing, taking a draught. 
Y.SotI,'i6 e bot. 'SI uftttj'na''fti 113 (Bab. ib.4 a Saab "H3, v. 
SaS) as much time as is required for quaffing three roast- 
ed eggs. — 2) (in gen.) eating and drinking, entertainment. 
Snh. 103 b '31 HpvrtVtt ft nblia a little refreshment plays 
an essential part, for its refusal estranged two tribes from 
Israel (Amnion and Moab, v. Deut. XXIII, 4 sq.). lb. 52 a 
(ref. to Ps. XXXV, 16) ft "ipffiS bs nipb ISPSnniU they 
flattered Eorah for the sake of entertainments (to which 
he used to invite them); Yalk. Ps. 723. — 3) living, sup- 
port (our 'bread and butter'). Gitt. 7 a (play on nsaial 'Apx 
roo3&i,jo8h.xV,3i)fiaTiiTii3hbSKaia5npsi ft are ia^a 
1"H ft na5»i riioa pTO if one has cause to complain of being 
hindered in his livelihood by his neighbor and keeps his 
peace, He who dwells in the thornbush will take up his 
cause. Bekh. 35 a plBiTl a6 KaiaW> we do not apprehend 
that their testimony may be influenced by their bread 
and butter, i. e. by their dependence on their employers. 
— PL tlW. E. Hash. 18 a '31 ft "> 1533 corresponding to 
the ten meals which Nabal gave to David's servants 
(I Sam. XXV, 5). 

"PJP, Y. Snh. II, 20 c bot. yen ft ffliab, read: ^ft. 

"pjtl, m. (Mb, v. aft, formed like }"tf%) 1) bottle, a vessel 
smaller than 13 and larger than 013. T'bul Yom IV, 4 
'31 injftai. . . ft a lagin which requires sunset to be clean 
(v. baa) and which was filled out of a cask containing tithes 
(intended for T'rumah); Erub.36 a ; Y.ib.III,21 b bot.(corr. 
ace). Tosef. Ohol. V,10; Ohol.V,4; Hag. 22 b Ms. M. (ed. 
■paft);ib.26 a, p!*aaft(read Stats). Ab. Zar.V, 1 '31 i3ift..ni3n 
the gentile put his wine bag on it. Tosef. Ter. VII, 16 ft 
TPSnia (ed. Zuck. ",ni3nttJ, corr. ace. all the suffixes in the 
sentence); a. e — PL tt^A, T^b. Tosef. Dem. VIII, 22, 
sq. Kel. XXX, 4 aft™ ft large flasks (of glass). Y. Hag. 
II, end, 78 c . Kel. XVI, 2 ftn rVa a case of wickerwork 
for flasks ; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. V, 13 ywaftn rm (corr. ace), 
lb. VI, 8 y» bW . . . ftfi nia a wooden flask case.— Bets. 
15 b ft ftsa ftbn these are people counting their wine by 
laginin (less rich than the "pia ftsa, but wealthier than 
the P\161S ftsa).— Yalk. Sam. 161 Hia^aiO .(the water) in 
the bottles. — *2) also nipft f. a garden-bed requiring a 
lagin of seed. Ter. IX, 5 nmb nxa Ms. M. a. Y. ed. (Bab. 
a. Mish. ed. mb) one hundred beds planted with T'rumah 
seeds; Tosef. ib. VIII, 4 )^b nxa ed. Zuck. (Var. )V">£>; 
E. S. to Ter. 1. c. quotes aft) ; [v., however, DOftj. 

. p:b, aO^bm., arTD^b, N^bf.same.-Targ. 
Y. Gen! XXIV, 14—20 (hi text 13). Tai'g. Jud. VI, 38 Var. 
ed. Lag., v. &»">p!=. [Targ. Y. Num. XIX, 4 fA ya, prob. to 
be read: lift" la.]—- B.. Mets. 85 b , v. ffli3. Yalk. Koh. 987, 
v. snisipb.— PL yipA. Targ. Job. XXXII, 19 (Var. yi3pV, 
SpMIl; h.'text niax)/ Targ. Lam. IV, 2 (h. text fta3). 

X?1j, 'Vj (Pilp. of aft, contr. of asb) 1) to stammer, 



be undecided. Bent. E. s. 5 fia sVjVo iffln Vat do not give 
judgment in a hesitating manner (speak clearly and -with 
full knowledge, cmp. baaa; Talk. ib. 907 yp).— 2) (with 
V>) to SMeer. Sabb.30 b/ 31 t4s rt a certain student sneered 
at him. Ber. 39 a DS13 "OK AAlOtt Vs> I am angry with him 
who sneers ; Y. ib. VI, 10 c top •PtAA naV tins why didst 
thou laugh?; a. e. 

JPJ" 1 ch. same. 

Ithpalp. sVvbnx to be sneered at. Targ. Esth. I, 17. 

l?-0 II (= VjVj, v. A* ; cmp. S5S5 = 5S3S) to jjroeZaiw, 
5oasi'. ! Targ. T. I Gen. XXXIV, 31 niVoa sViVa ed. (Ar. 
iTHBBSa ; Y. II hia-fa iNSna).— Gen. E.' s. 64, end NWl Vt 
'31 sVAa go and announce it that thou didst put thy 
head into the lion's mouth and earnest out in peace; Yalk. 

OfDfc, '$0 m. (Alb) stammering. Cant. B. to II, 4 
(ref. to iVjIl ib.) '31 iaiVj'V even the child's stammering is 
pleasing to me. 

JDJ5, 'TO m. = sftsbn (M rejected) 1) purslane, v. 
ttVAn..— 2) $• constr. ^sV, ':rt, only in Vnn 'b stems 
of the mustard plant. B. Bath.' 18 a ; 25 b i"Vrn 'b rnVjIS 
they (the bees) eat the stems of my mustard plants, v. 


TflDi Tosef. Eel. B. Bath. VI, 9 'b lVj* Var, read: 

XjJ5, Jp5 m. (a corrupt, of linea) a narrow path 
between fields.— PI. pA. Targ. Is. XXVIII, 25 Eegia (ed. 
Lag. 'pSS'V, Var. ^iiA- ed. WSj h. text iTTllB; cmp. Low 
Pfl. p. 221). 

JljJD f. same, in gen. row, Sea"; v. 1^2. 

DJPi Pari. Pa. bf&a, to stammer. Hag. 15 b Ar. (ed. 


DJP, Y. Yomain, 41 a bot., v. toft. 

»^lb, v. W *. 

"^"H? m. (v. ^pfV, Laodicean. Kel. XXVI, 1 Vi5b 
'V (ed. Dehr. iprt) a Laodicean sandal. 

5t3"jb, W"pb m.=b.h.1'i;,sAea<A.Targ.IChr.XXI 1 
27. Targ.'ll Sam. XX, 8;— Targ. I Sam. XVII, 51 (ed. 
Wil. "15). 

Yp m , v. ^a. 
fcCjnb, v. w *. 

snb, v. ^. " 

2T\) to #&stew, oe ftr^M, v. Shaf. art«5. 

DJlb m. (b.h.; preced.)/fame.-PZ.biart, constr. ianV 
Deut.E. s. 11 U3« 'b -pna . . . *}» ITS I am destined to re- 
ceive the Law from between flames of Are. 

iO/lb ch. same.— PI. constr. iart. Targ. Y. II Deut. 
XXXIII,' 2. Targ. Y. Ex. HI, 2. 

fDnb f. (b. h.) same. Deut.E. s. 11 'b iBIttl flaming 

XD'Qrib ch. same. Targ. Ps. OVI, 18. 

XTD m. (b. h.; denom. of fiih) study. Num. E. s. 14 
(ref. to Koh. XII, 12) '31 iiai *Vj nam rt«H b!K if thou 
takest great pains in the study of the words of the wise 
&c. (v. Erub. 21"> '31 pa hSIilH Vj). 

Wl^nb = ssliah. Targ. Lam. Ill, 62 Var. 

Din 5 m. (art) flourishing, brandishing. Targ. Nah. 
Ill, 3 '31 airtsi *Vi (ed. Lag. 'b p">ba producing sparfts by 
the hoofs of the horses). 

13in5 (b. h.; cmp. art) to glisten, glow. Gen.E. s. 21, 
end IT rianft ffista . . Visa ia what will save my children 
from this glowing fire (hell)?; a. e. — Part. pass. Blrt, f. 
riBlrt; pi. biblrt, yiB-lrt ; nialrt glowing; (with inx) 
passionately following, anxious for. Gen. E. s. 94 ins 'b 
1311S, v. filS. Y. Taan. VI, 69 b ; Pesik Dibre, p. 114 a Witt) 
'31 ins 'i WlttJ'' (not 1SV1B) the Israelites were greedy 
for sweet things. Gen. B. s. 22 naisn ins 'b tn had a 
passion for agriculture. Cant. E. to I, 4 nii3U! iinjt ... '*> 
the Israelites were anxious for the Divine Presence ; a. 
fr — Tanh. Huck. 4 (ref. to Ps. LVII, 5) IMS biBrift WH» 
1"rt (= b^Dlrt) they had a passion for denunciation; 
Midr. Till, to Ps. VII; Yalk. ib. 637; Yalk. Kings 213 
biairt ; Y. Peah 1, 16 a ; a. e. 

Pi. Bfrt to glow; to make glowing. Lev. E. s. 16 BKtfi 
limaiab narta the fire was shining around him. Gen. 
E. s. 21, end(ref. toGen.III,24)ifiBrta1...n3Snna Kihtt) 
'31 it (the fire of hell) turns around man and heats him 
through from top to bottom &c. Num. B. s. 18 IBsn IBST^ 
the fire seized him ; a. e. 

t2/"D, Pa. Brt ch. same, to heat. Targ. Y. II Deut. 
XXXII,'22 nartl (prob. to be read : nbrtl). 

JT^nb, y. Nidd. in, 5i a , v. an 1 ;. 

D^tSJlb m. pi. (b. h.; Talm. etymol. fr. art) glitter- 
ing; delusions. Snh. 67 b (ref. to Ex.VII, 11, a. 22) bniB^a 
'31 bSTarta O+TID ntOSa iVct 'with their latim' (secret arts) 
refers to works of demons, 'with their Photim' — to works 
of sorcery (with ref. to brt Gen. Ill, 24). 

fcTEmnb, v. jwsfeK 

"'fib* iXTD (cmp. nrb) [to be bent; cmp. &)?;,] to be 
tired. Targ. Is' LXV, 23 ed. Lag., v. i>n. Ib. XLII, 4 irt^ 
(ed. "Wil. ii^lAf.; ed. Lag. iVrP, v. ibq).— Part, ^rt, pi. 
yyjhV Targ! Y. II Deut. XXV, 18 (h. text tj.'is). 

Af. Vl?l!t 1) same, v. supra. — 2) to tire, annoy. Targ. 
Mai. II, 17 (ed. Lag. *iVns).— 3) to bend (one's self), v. firt : . 

bnb, «bnb, -jbrib, ,.?*,, &\*, •&. 

UTD, Hithpa. brtnn, v. brtna. 

1*$ 6 

T^-r ^vtf? 8 ^ bwt ' onl y- Taan - 12a (i uot - **• Me g- Taan - 

oh. XII, ed. Meg. Taan. pis). 

fin!? (v. ^1), J/, nnls fo 6e«i (owe's SeZ/). Targ. 
II Kings IT, 34,' sq. (ed.Wil. a. Bxt, inls, v.inl;Ar.nnls; 
h. text IMS). 

" unto him; v. - 1. 

V (homiletic interpret.) — si. Gen. E. s. 73 .. Ill Is 
* ft 'MJ SISal t^aSS ** 13 ITin n^n . . whatever agree- 
ments Laban made with Jacob, he retracted mentally 
ten times, for we read (Gen. XXX, 34) hen, lu yes, no ; 
Yalk. ib. 130. 

rtWb, v. s;il. 


nib (b. h.) pr. n. Z%a, v. **srb. Y. Kil. VIII, 31 c Sin 
6«1Sa S^n '1 S^n matt this proves that Lub and Egypt 
are the same, v. iail. - 

#y\b m. (preced.) = Ml Libyan. Sabb. 51 b Slan 
'la Libyan ass.— PJ.TKttl. Targ.Nah. 111,9. Targ. IlChr. 
XII, 3; a. e.— Tarn. 32 a '1 ilan, v. supra.— V. Tttl, ^Spllil. 

oynib, ojmib, v . o^. 

"Cflb m.,v.a>il)£%an. Y.Kil.VIH,3i c ; 
Y. Sabb. V,beg. 7 b an Egyptian bean when fresh ytmt 
'SI '1 n"l is named Libyan, when dried, they call it 
Egyptian bean;... ">13a Sin '1 Sin nias Sin this proves 
that Libyan and Egyptian means the same (v. ail), Ib. 
'la IS a proselyte descendant of a Libyan. Y. Shebi. II, 
34 a bot. 'll "pcna bunches of Libyan beans. — PI. Dpll. 
Y. Kil. 1. c; Y. Sabb. 1. c, v. &ipwl. Ib. 'la C^san dilS 
proselytes, descendants of Libyans; v. la^l. 

D^T'Dlb, Yalk. Deut. 950, v. IS*. 

rtrabsib, *:•*&. 

"D"D, "Op m. 1) C)al) white matter, white color. Gitt. 
57 a , a. e. na'^a '1 the white of an egg. Neg. IV, 1 '1 nsia 
the white color (of leprosy). Mdd. 31 a , a. e. 'In the white 
substance (semen virile). Ib. •psatB In the white of the 
eye ; a. tr.—Pl dijail. Koh. E. to V, 10 'In liaaffl pll the 
white (semen) out of which are formed the white sub- 
stances of the embryonic body, — *2) flail) the mass of 
clay for bricks. Pirke d'B. El. ch. XLVIII d">ialn '1 ya 
in the clay stamped for bricks. 

XO, 4~> m.(b. h. ; SSl onomatop. to lick, lap; to gurgle 
v. Ges. H. Diet.™ s. v. SSl) a small narrow-necked vessel, 
Log, a liquid measure equal to the contents of (or the 
space occupied by) six eggs (v.Herzfeld Metrol. p.46,sq.). 
Men. IX, 2. B. Bath. 90 a ; Tosef. ib. V, 10. Tosef. Kel. B. 
Kam.II, 2; a. tr.—Pl. B>ll, pMl, 'pal. Ib. ; Kel. II, 2; a. fr. 

#5fD, 83b (or N$b) ch. same, 1) small bottle.— PI. 
lib or i|l. Yoma 83 b [read:] 1S21 'la inilins (v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note, a. Sll^) they surrounded him with bottles 
(of cordials) and dishes; (Ms. 0. *>3ll *$2 'ins they placed 
around him dishes &c). — 2) Log, v. preced. Targ. Lev. 
XIV, 10; a. fr. (some ed. SSil).— Pes. 109 a Sffilpai '1 the 
Log measure of the Temple. Y. Sabb. VIII, ll a bot.; Y. 
Shek. Ill, 47 c top SttVllKI 'b the Biblical Log, v. SWaTO ; 
a. fr.— PI. 'pail. Targ. Y. Ex. XXX, 24. — Y. Ter. X, 47 b 

fcU"P, f"I3*D pr. n. m. Loga. Tosef. Yoma II, 7/jlSatt) 
•b /p; Cant. E. to III, 6 Mil; Y. Yoma III, 41 a bot. OSl 
(corr. ace). 

D" 1 t2Q'M"D m. (XoyiaTirji; = curator orbis among the 
Romans) 'market commissioner. Tanh. Tsavl biEDS^ed. 
Bub. Ola&Sll (corr. ace); Yalk. Lev. 479 tSla&Sll; Yalk. 
Mic. 555 eiBSll, 'DS* (corr. ace); (Tanh. Balak 12 ls>a 


^Sb n 

(&&) sneerer. Y. Ber. VI, 10 c top ed. Lehm. 


WfflrD e, pi. paS>il (dsl, v. rtaisl) pM#M «p e/ieefc 
(/JZZed! w#A a jwa/) ; 'i sla a mouthful^ quantity of liquid 
filling one cheek. Pes. 107 a saSll sla (Ms.M. VroMl). Yoma 
VIII, 2; Tosef. ib. V (IV), 3 'SI ViaMl sla nnwn he who 
drinks (on the Day of Atonement) a quantity equal to 
the fill of his cheeks; expl. Bab. ib. 80 a and corrected 
'b slaS Sa"iS say as much as would cause the appearance 
of puffed cheeks. Y. ib. VII, 44 d bot. [read :] '1 slas *an 
nns SaSlH yrtv . . . iibb inal there is a version (for slia 
■naSll): T'aSlli Slaa, and what is the difference? (kVoS 
Yiavb means) a mouthful which can be kept in one cheek. 
Ib. 'SI p In!) las* the mouthful of Ben Abatiah which is 
more than a quarter of a Log; a. e. 

fcPDtflb, NTQIjb, Num.E.s.2 'b 1© 131, a corrupt, 
for S^Ml or sa^ssb (Xa7vs(a or Xd-yveufxa) lewdness; 
(Lev. E.'s. 20 nsaiB,' Ar. sao^T). 

• bnao^nb, v . s^ecsft. 

^TZJ^lb m. ch. = h. B5sl. Y. Sabb. II, beg. 4 C . 

ni5;(b. h. ll) Zo(?, Lydia in South Palestine 
(Eoman name Diospolis). Maas. Sh. V, 2 aiSan ^a 'b 
Lod was the westernmost term (of one day's journey 
from Jerusalem). Tosef. Erub. IX (VI), 2. Y. Meg. I, 70 a 
bot. 'SI ni&pla . . . 'b Lod and Ge Haharashim belong to 
the fortified towns of the conquest days (v. ISWnB'in'i). B. 
Mets. IV, 3 'b ">isn the merchants of L. Snh. 32 b 'l.ins 
'11 IWils follow E. El. to L. ; a. fr. 

vO (b. h.) Lud, Lydia, a district of Asia Minor. Pes. 
50 a ; B. Bath. 10 b , a. e.'l iSlin the martyrs of L., v, WJD1*ll. 
— Tosef. Yeb. IV, 5 (confession of a robber captured in 
Cappadocia) '11 in&issa ITiSin i>» I kUled him on his 
entering Lydia (Laodicea) ; Y. ib. II, end, 4 b ; Bab.ib.25 b . 

xyb, mib (nacnb).(cmp. next w. } pr . *, m . 

Luda, (Ludaah), anArnora. Sabb. 96 b (Ms. M. mil; Ms. 

0. !*nib; Talk. Ex. 413 lib). Ib. 137 a (Ms. M. iTTlb; Ms. 

0. hTb); Yeb. 71 b riKTlb.— Y. Taan. HI, 67 a ITllb "l. 

'"IStfTlb m. 1) =h. ^rb Lyddan. Ab. Zar. 36 a 'b ixbatt} 
m'asp thou oitest Samlai, the Lyddan; (Y. ib. II, 41 d 
bot. lalTfrl).— Yeb. 71 b , v.preced.— PL Wlb. Ab. Zar. 

1. o. "blbtal 'b ^SWJ it is different with Lyddan scholars, 
because they disregard traditional laws.— 2) "Wlb (denom. 
of ludi, the latter being treated as a geographical term) 
people hiring men for gladiatorial contests, lanistae (v. 
Sm. Ant. s. v. Gladiator). Gitt. 46 b bot. patt Xia5 Kinn 
'bb fTO33 there was the case of a man who had sold 
himself to the Ludae. Ib. 47 a 'bb . . . fflipb ffli"l Besh Lakish 
had sold himself &c — Y. Ter. VIII, 45 d top *p"iS rat ibiK 
'31 "pSta Wl ywibb (not fnn; prob. to be read: -p^b) if 
thou hadst sold thyself to the lanistae, thou wouldst have 
sold (thyself) at a high price, but here thou hast sold 
(risked) thy life for a trifle.— V. ta^b. 

. TTVb, v. twii. 

"Hi!?, m., pi. drift of Lod, Lyddan. Pes. 62 b . — [V. 
Di'iift".]— .Fern, i-i^-iib, #Z. rwft. Kei. n, 2, v. rrarj.— 
[V. rmft.] 

^"^b oh. = nx^, same. Ex. B. s. 3 'b llSattJ "l. 

D'H/lb m. pi. (v. hK'jft 2) 1) keepers of gladiators, 
also gladiators. Pes. 12 b ; Sabb. 10 a 'b b3ita the meal time 
of the gladiators (to whose diet special attention was 
paid). Y. Gitt. IV, end, 46 b 'bb 1aXS> 15a, v. ItiHft 2.— 
2) (=ludi) public games. Tanh., ed. Bub., Noah 20 d5>ba 
dia&pai 'la K^aipa naipa brim Bal. introduced sleep- 
ing rooms (for prostitution), dice, public games and div- 
inations; Tanh. ib.i4 rvotai tnaDpa rviibaa).— ['pft.Ab. 
Zar. 18 b , v. 'pbaj 

rPTib, v. r,ib. 

fPTlb f., pi. twft (v. tPfh) gladiator's food (of beans 
or wheat; sagina gladiatoria). Bets. 14 b ym niffisb ^a^ri 
'b wheat (which can be made direct use of) for prepar- 
ing &c.;Y.ib.I,end,61 a mi1i (corr.acc); Tosef. 
ib. I, 23 fTPrft ed. Zuck. (Var. nVTlb). 

ISJ n" m. ladanum, a soft resin, a product of the 
Cistus (v. Low Pfl., p. 127 ; Sm. Ant. s. v. Ladanum). 
Keth. 77 b . 

"^"TO, Y. Ter. VIII, 45 d top, v. Siinft 2. 

^P?"!^ P r - n - P 1 - Laodicea, name of several towns, 
esp. L. ad Lycum, a city of Asia Minor, counted to Lydia 
(v, lib). M. Kat. 26 a v. *yf] I. B. Mets. 84 a , v. p?A Y. Ab. 
Zar. Ill, 42 c top Kipnb. — Koh. B. to III, 17 ; Taan. 18 b ; 
Treat. S'mah. ch.VIII; Sifra Emor,Par.8, ch.IX (Niplb); 
Meg. Taan. ch. XII (martyrdom of Lulianus and Papus, 
v. lib). Gen. B. s. 11; Sabb. 119 a ; Pesik. B. s. 23. 

lTD m. (ludarius, not recorded in Lat. Diet., v. Sachs 
BeitrJl, p. 121; P. Sm. 1905) a gladiator trained to fight 
beasts at the "Roman games, analogous to the Spanish 

matador (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Venatio a. Bestiarii). Ex.B.s. 
30, end, v. J^aiaftiS. Gen. B. addit., ed. Wil. p. 876 top, 

"nb, v. m 

"'Nil 5 m. pi. (Syr. Sift, P. Sm. 1905; cmp. abab I) 
the first milk after delivery, a dainty dish. Targ. Job 
XX, 17 (ed. Lag. 'lib'; some ed. ift ; h. text ilNafi). Ib. 
XXIX, 6 (ed.Wil. "Wb; h. text nan)! Targ.Y. Gen. XVIII, 
8 abni yaffil itfllb ed'(Ar.»ab); Targ.Y.IDeut. XXXII, 14 
ijiatB iamb. 

^llb, v . W .b : K. 

ymb, ■jyvb l *. T i*R>. 
mib, mib, «rnib, v. ™\ «j&. 

I^lli, Ar. quot. fr. Y'lamd. to Num. XXIII, 7 or 18, 
or XXIV, 3,— quid? 

DEI "D, Gen. E. s. 20 Ar„ a corrupt, for Oi»tjft as in 
ed. a. Yalk. Gen, 32. 

^rUDTlb f. (tab) curse, v. swiab. 

"''Tib, v. wbst. 

^Tlb, ^llb m. (nib) attachment— 'b bin swrwowe, 
eptttei.' Neg. T XIV, 6 'b'dtt) . . aim bs xbl nor any hyssop 
which is qualified by an epithet (iJl 1 ?, lain &c); Par. XI, 
7; Succ. 13 a ; Hull. 62 b ; Sifre Num. 124 ; 129; a. e.— Ned. 
VI, 9 (53 a ) 'b dB SlhUJ for this (the addition of 'field') is 
a differentiating epithet. 

»T T Tib, arpTib, v . sub -lib. 


"Wnb, v. 'p^b. 
WN^b, ipib, v. sub 'pib. 
mib, v. nib. 


I (b. h.) pr. n.-pl. 1) -Lm2, in Palestine, identical 
with, or near, Bethel. Gen. B. s. 69, v. next w.; a. e. — 
2) Luz, in the land of the Hittites (Jud. I, 26), supposed 
to be Lizan in Kurdistan (v.Neub. Geogr.,p.394),a place, 
mentioned in the Talmud as still existing, from which 
the purple blue (nbsn) was imported. Snh.l2 a (in a secret 
letter) 'ba difflSJn d"na*l (not ffiBSOfi) things manufactur- 
ed in Luz (tlb=n). Sot. 46 b (ref. to Jud.l. c.) fSSWD 'b &W 
'=1 it is that Luz where they dye purple blue, which 


Sennaherib left undisturbed, and Nebucadnezar did not de- 
stroy, and where the angel of death has no permission 
to enter &c; Gen. E. s. 69 (applied to Gen. XXVIII, 19). 

)15 II m. (b. h.) nut, almond, hazel-nut; also nut-tree. 
Eekh. 8 a 'b -(b^SO pS33l corresponding to chickens (hatch- 
ed in twenty one days) is the almond tree among trees; 
Y. Taan.IV, 68 c hot. (ref. to Iptt), Jer.I, 11) nin 'bh ha 
'31 as the almond tree requires twenty one days from 
blossoming &c; (Koh. E. to XII, 7 IpIEh). Gen. E. s. 69 
(ref. to wb, v. preced.) '31 US lb y» 'b rm (some ed. hb, 
fern.) as the nut has no opening, so nobody could find 
the entrance to the town. lb. '51 *rai5 hTl 'b a nut-tree 
stood before the entrance. lb. ; ib. s. 81 end, v. 3B1 ; a. fr. — 
PZ.Dillb, -pyft. Y. Kil. I, 27 a bot., v. KOtMa.— Trnsf. bffl 'b 
niltt) the nut of the spinal column, a hard vertebra,(Juden- 
knochlein, v. Low Pfl., p. 375 a. quot. ib. from Hyrtl, Das 
Arabische und Hebr. in der Anat., p. 165). Lev. E. s. 18; 
Koh. E. to XII, 5; a. e. 

.!fl5,&tjlb ch. same. Targ. Gen. XXX, 37.— PI. ■pttb, 
m>b. Targ. Y. I Num. XVII, 23 (Y. II K'nib 13 ffb; h. 
text D'npiB). Targ. Y. Gen. XLIII, 11. 

VO III (b. h.) to turn, bend, twist. 

Nif. vbi to be perverse, v. infra. 

Hif. rbn or rfyrt to turn. Kil. IX, 8 (play on ii in 
ttasaj, v. va) vbs tnafflaiB vqk nx am i^bai lib; (orr&ai) 
he (who disregards the law of MOOTS) is perverse and 
turns his Father in heaven against him; [Comment. 'and 
turns away (estranges) his Father .... on his account']. 

)15lV (v. lsb) to talk about, sneer, talk disrespectfully. 

Hif. rbn same. Y.Dem. H, 22 c bot. fitf 'p'pba b3n IT! 
all people talked against him. Lev. E. s. 6, beg. Cant. E. 
to IV, 12 '=1 TIN 'p'iba nmian blp Yaffil heard the people 
talk evil of his daughters. Gen. E. s. 54 yma ywbu spoke 
disrespectfully of the ark (v. Sot.35 a sq.); — Y. Shek. 
V, 49 a bot. yvriia (some Bab. ed. THS^?)- 

8*15, v. lib II ch. 

mib, v. npK 

nib i (or nib) ( C mp. nib) ^ jo««. 

Pi. nilb (denom. of next w.) to place straps close to- 
gether so as to form a boardlike surface. Part. pass, 
miba, pi. 'jTnjba. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. VIII, 6 (E. S. to 
Kel XVHI, 5 reads tffllft, v. nin). 

"15 II m. (b. h.; preced.; cmp. C|fl) tablet, board. Y. 
Shek. VI, 49 d bot.; Ex. E. s. 47, a. e. '31 nt 'b b» ni»an 
five commandments on one tablet &c; — PI. ninib 
(mostly of the tablets containing the ten commandments); 
DTflll), )T\y]\, constr. Tlllb. Ib. Ber. 8 b '31 'b ">iatt51 'b the 
(second) tablets and the broken tablets were both preserved 
in the ark, (therefore despise not an old scholar when 
his memory forsakes him); B. Bath. 14 a ; Men. 9'9 a .— Y. 
Kil. IX, 32 b top rman 'b; Y. Keth. XII, 35 a top 'b (met- 
aphorically for E. Jehudah han-Nasi; (Keth. 104 a 'p-iX 
lUnpn, v. bx"ilK); a. fr.— Meg. 32 a , v. ha-Q.— Tosef. Kel. 

sphew of Abraham. Ber. 
s ... Lot's wife (the pillar 

b bin ini-Dtijb sisn who 

' B. Mets. VIII, 4 '31 'pnilb; Sabb. 47 a DTlllb (Ar. ed. Koh. 
tSTilb, oth. ed. BiTllb) ; Tosef. ib. XIII (XIV), 1 5 ; Y. ib. XII, 
beg. 13 c , v. &31B&. Sabb. XII, 4 &p5S Tllb "OlD bs (Bab. ed. 
104 b Tlllb; Y. ed". tn as in Mish. ib. 5)' on (the rims of) 
two boards of a writing tablet (pinax). B. Mets. 117 a (expl. 
nipn) dTlllb boards of the ceiling; a. e. 

nib, atTlb, SSnilbch.same. Targ.Y.Ex.XXXVI, 
19, a. e. (6. NB% h. text ffllp). Targ. Prov.III, 3. Targ. 
Is. VIII, 1 (h. text )H&) ; a. fr.— PI. 'jTllb, KTflb, Tllb, 'lib. 
Targ. Y. I Ex. XXVI, 15 (Y. II Tfilbj. Ib. 20. Targ. Ex. 
XXXI, 18; a. fr.— [Sabb. 18 a ; Gitt. T 61 a top, v. next w.]. 

!^nib, l^rpm. (=toib; v. Tib) 1) jaw, cheek. Y.E. 
Hash!' I, 58 b top tpnft, v. hB\— PI. SWib. Targ. Y.Deut. 
XVIII, 3.-2) fish-hook.— PI. Tift, Tib. Sabb. 18 a Tub 
ilplpl Ms. 0. a. Ar. (ed. Tib) hooks (fish-lines) and traps 
of little joists ; Gitt. 61 a top. 

talb I pr. n.m. (b. h.) Lot, the i 

54 a 'b bu)ihi»ix...n!xnn he who s< 

of salt, Gen. XIX, 26). Erub. 65 a 

is as drunk (unconscious) as Lot. Gen. E. s. 44 (play on 

the name) '31 KBlb Bib cursed Lot shall not be Abram's 

1215 II m. (b. h. ab) lotus. Gen. E. s. 91, end, expl. 
i3lBba q. v. 

1315 (v. next w.) to curse. Part, tab, f. nab, pi. niab. 
Num. E. s. 9 (ed. Wil. p. 56) '31 11 'bl -p ntSaBM bsn all 
(women) shall swear by thee and curse each other saying, 
if thou hast done this, may thy end be &c. 

1315, talb, t3115ch. [tocover, talk secretly; cmp.Wlb,] 
to curse. Per'f. ab, alb. Targ. Lev. XX, 9. Targ. I Kings 
II, 8 i?aib; a. fr.— Part, a^xb, axb, a^b, tt;b, aib. Targ. 
Y. I, II Num. XXIII, 8. Targ. Gen. XXVli, T 29; a. fr.— 
Part. pass, a^b, Bib, B1lb ; . Ib. Ill, 14; a. fr. Gen. E. s. 44 
NBlb Bib; Yalk. ib. 76 KBib, v. Bib I.— Snh. 49 a top (prov.) 

nasb snn sbi xaib snn ed. (Ms. m. varb, v. Eabb. D. s. 

a. 1. note, Eashi nab sbl) be cursed rather than cursing. 
Ib. lll a "ib nai-ib Xp ab^a wilt thou curse me?— Ib. 113 a 
[read:] ab i3h Sffiin" 1 ab is Sabill (v. Eabb. D. S.a. 1. note) 
is it so that when Joshua cursed (Jericho) he meant &c. ? 
—Lev. E. s. 17 (ni53) NjBllb 'pbifca KWa B1lb : (Yalk. ib. 
563 B^b) cursed (with leprosy) is the house with such 
accursed inmates (who refuse favors to their neighbors) ; 
ib. (play on niTTSplB, Lev. XIV, 37, as if lis Spit!) STJB5 
'lib 'pV'iO JttV>a to ruin goes the house with such &c. 

Dlb, Dllb, HDIlb m. (preced.) curse. Targ. Is. 
XIII, T l'. Targ! Num. V, T 21. Targ. Ex. IX, 28 'bl -jibp (h. 
text nbp) ; Y. ib. 34; a. fr. — PI. 'pBlb, X*»lb, 'lib. Targ. 
Gen. XXVII, 12, sq.; a. e. 

OTDlb,. Midr. Sam. ch. II 'bb (some ed.. 'bib) a cor- 
rupt, of baibiab. 

013 "11315 pr. n. m. (corrupt, of Diocletianus ?) Lu- 
tianus, a Eoman emperor. Gen. E. s. 83, end "]bai» UP 



iKilSa hirtlS 'b on the day when L. became king, B. 

A. heard in a dream : To-day Magdiel became king (i. e. 
the last hut one King of Edom-Eome, v. Gen. XXXVI, 
43); Talk. ib. 140 Otnt&. 

DBib, v. *M>. 

^DIS'D, ''^biliab m. pi. (prob.) Arethusii, the in- 
habitants of Arethusia between Epiphania and Emesa 
(v. fart). Targ. Y. I Gen. X, 18 ; Targ. I Chr. 1,16 (h.text 

rroib, v. Btai. 

^"D, fTD (b. h.) 1) to join, be connected, v. Piel, a. 
tt$>.—2) (cmp. Sm. Ant. s. v. Nexum) to assume an obli- 
gation; to borrow. Shebu.41 b ; Keth. 88 a ; B. Bath. 6 a 1alNn 
'31 V^b sb he who (being sued for a loan duly testified 
by witnesses) says, 'I have not contracted any loan', is con- 
sidered as admitting that he has not paid. Hull. 84 a 1113 
■pbsifct "plft 158 (delicate persons) like ourselves may buy 
food on credit. B. Mets. 72 b '31 1S1B bs> ffflb "p8 (also 
Vl^) y° u must not borrow money with the choice of re- 
paying in grain at the present price; (another defin., v. 
Eashi a.l.). Bets 15 b "<bs lib make a loan on my (the Lord's) 
account;— Esp. ttlib, fil'b debtor, opp. to illba creditor. 
Shebu. 47 a 'a iina 'b ha if the debtor died before the 
creditor; a. iv.—Pl. 'plib. Ib. b 'b Wi fllba "iV two (diff- 
erent) creditors and two debtors. 

Pi. fijib, tVfb, "b 1) to order an escort for protection, 
v. iTJlb. Tanh! Bal. 12; Num. E. s. 20 '31 "OSS bftb 'V He 
appointed the clouds of glory to escort them. Sot. 46 b 

'31 rtsnB 'bv Baffin for the sake of the four steps 

which Pharaoh ordered his men to escort Abraham &c. 
—2) to escort, to walk a distance with a departing guest; 
to follow. Sabb. 119 b '31 lb 'plba B'lrra flffl two minister- 
ing angels escort man to his house on the Sabbath eve. 
Sot. 1. c. '31 Serial figba 'CkiB b3 whoever omits to escort 
a guest or (as a guest) declines an escort, is regarded as 
if he had shed blood; '31 sirWpfc xbaVwaJ for if the men 
of Jericho had escorted Elisha &c. Koh. V, 17 rial 
'31 1!"nba and what does escort him (to the grave) ? Merits 
and good deeds ; a. ft-. 

Hithpa. iiiVnn, Nithpa. ttlbro 1) to join the company 
of, to associate'. Midr. Till, to Ps. CIV, 26 (play on •jrY'lb, 
ib.) '31 !-i12»i|-ib litis inaS frtbnntij'ia bs whosoever joins 
them (the Romans) will be made sport of with them 
in future days. Ib. '31 h"3prt T«S poS S-llbna8J in b3 
him who joins them (the scholars), the Lord will cause 
to rejoice with them &c; Talk. ib. 862. Gen. E. s. G3, end; 
Talk.ib.lll '31 Ulbp.laS ftlbrTO the disgrace of starvation 
was made his companion. Tanh. Vayishl. 3 lb FYflbMib to 
be his escort; a. fr. — 2) to be escorted, to accept escort. 
Sot. 1. c, v. supra. 

Eif. nibn 1) to escort. Ber. 18 a Vllbft SSI. if he does 
escort him (the dead). — 2) to lend. "is.. E. s. 31 niba 
ffora. lends on. interest; rWO fctblB 'a without inter- 
est. Ib. '31 tib^ xbli! that they must not lend &c. Ib. 1X1 

'3i ■psn nniibrt nai ... ij-ni "^ibn na3 see how much 

I lend (to man,) without taking interest, and what 
the earth lends &o. B. Mets. V, 1 '31 nfflaria Sbt5 filban 
he who lends a Sela to get Ave Denars in return. Ib. 62 b 
h:a iJ^n lend me a Maneh.— B. Kam. 94 b n*tt1 ">lba (a. 
rrtnia) those who lend on interest; B. Mets. 62 a ; a. fr. 
— niba creditor, v. supra. 

"H 1 5, ^15 ch. same, 1) to join, cling to. Targ. II Sam. 
XX, 2 (h. text pai).— 2) to join a caravan, travel with. 
—Hull. 7 a Wnia filial var+ia 'K1Hft an Arab that'had 
been travelling with them. — 3) to escort, v. infra. 

Pa. 13b, 113b tfo escorf. Targ. T. II Gen. XXVIII, 12 
}^b^ (T. I]1lb llJini).— Gen. E. s. 48, end ^ib, v. basjl. 
Tosef. Keth. VII, 6 1\V&n\ 1* (ed. Zuck. ^ib.Var. "]b -pbri, 
read: "jisi^*^^) escort (the dead) that people may escort 
thee ; T. ib. VII, 3 1 b hot. ytb~n rib (not i-nib) ; Bab. ib. 72 a 
rTOwV? ixib/i him who escorted, people will escort; a. e. 

■Af-^X same. Targ. Gen. XII, 20. Ib. 0. XVIII, 16 
lini«Tfy*i> ed. Berl. (some ed. TiftrtMbstb; T. yirpKlb&A; 
h.text BfiblBb); a. e.— Sot. 40 b '31 "■& h^ist walked with 
E. A. (on dismissing him) from &c. ; Ber. 31 a fpilbx; a. fr. 

■*tb, v. "Wbl*. 

^■jb,v.^. . 

"H 5 (b. h.) pr. n. Levi, 1) the son of Jacob, progenitor 
of the tribe of Levi. Gen. E. s. 19, a. e. '31 'b las Levi 
arose and brought her (the Shekhinah) down &c. Ex. 
E. s. 1 ; a. fr.— 2) 'b 032), or 'b the tribe of Levi; 'b p or 
'b a Levite. Toma 26 a 'b Mffla "n&tl a descendant of the 
tribe of Levi.— Hor. Ill, 8 '31 'b 'bb blip )rO a priest goes 
before a Levite (in religious privileges), a Levite before 
an Israelite. Gitt. V, 8. Ib. VIII, 5 'b tia if she is the 
daughter of a Levite. Arakh. IX, 8; a. fr.— PI. tP*lb, o*l!a 
Levites. Hull. I, 6; a. fr. — 3) name of several Amoraim, 
esp. Levi, or L. bar Sisi, disciple of E. Jehudah han-Nasi 
(v. Fr. M'bo, p. 110 b ). T. Teb. XII, 13 a top. Pes. 76 b ; a. 
fr— 4) (law) a fictitious name. B. Bath. 43 b ; a. fr. 

fcOlb, TH^Df "h m. ch. (preced.) Levite. Targ. 0. 
Ex.IV T ,'l4 (ife, corr. ace.).— Hull. 131 a .— PI. i^lb, 
*$$, "*• C Ezra VI > 16.]— Targ. Ez. XLIV, 15: a. fr.— T. 
Maas. Sh.V, 56 b bot.;a. e. 

&1JN* 1 15 > J "13pr.n.Bai"-iiOTawMS,nameofafamily 
(gens). H T un. 87 a ; cmp. T^b. 

H^b, n^lb I f. Olb) l) Levite, daughter or wife of 
a Levite. T. Teb. X, 10* top; Tosef. ib. VIII, 2. Bekh. 
47 a ; a.'fr.— 2) the community of Levites, status of Le- 
vites. Ex. E. s. 1 'bl flilhS va priestly and Levite families; 
T. Maas. Sh. V, end, 56 d 'bl tQTO ^1353 friends of priestly 
or Levite families. Bekh.l. c. 'pltsS 'blMSIMS the priests 
and the Levites are exempt; a. e.— 3) the community of 
the attendants of the Tabernacle, priests and Levites. Sifre 
S Num. 1 ; a. e.— 4) the Levitical offices. Ex. E. s. 5 iaiS fit 
'31 'b ItWi.ffliro the one (Aaron) took the priesthood and 
gave (Moses) the Leyite offices; the other took the Levite 
offices &c; (Tanh. Sh'moth 27 ni3ba); a. e. 


H^j TT'^b II or rP]b f. (mb).l) consort, wife. 
Yom;* 54 b top T (ref, to m^I Kings VII, 36), v. fTWII — " 
2) (v. next w.) £Ae wailing woman's company. Y. M. Kat. 
I, so d top, [read:] iaja ..Tara "ai ... wrwb rtBx nwn s6 
WWfc a woman, must not stir up her company for wail- 
ing during the festive week; R. N. read livyatha (with 
ref. to •\rrb -1119 Job III, 8; cmp. KftTijfe-!*). 

•^t! •' tt • * ^3t) escor *. company, esp. £&e i«ro- 
elle^Tescort for protection. Sot. IX, 6 'b &6a WO-Uril and 
we let him (the stranger) go without protection; (Y. ib. 
IX, 23 d bot. !T«lbr1). Bab. ib. 46 b *W> TWO we may force 
(the inhabitans of a place) to provide escorts for trav- 
ellers. Ib. 'SI 'b lb TW . . -jbfiaSl he who travels on the 
road and has no company, let him be engaged in study 
of the Law (ref. to fnib, Prov. I, 9); Erub. 54 a . Hull. 7 a 
'Visa fellow-travellers.' Midr. Till, to Ps. CIV.l "pb,!* MT 
^"^ (or ^n-wib) thy God be thy escort; a. e. , 

.&.t3" l 15 pr. n. m. Levitas (Lat. Levites). Ab. IV, 4. 

NrPlb, lib, ti£V$ f. ch.=h. n;ib, escort; caravan. 
Gen. R. sT 16, beg.; Y. T YomaIV, 41 d top (ref. to Gen. II, 
12) S"iiD"nil!?S. . . . i13i<3 happy he in whose house it is, 
happy he in whose company it is (on travelling) ; Ex. E. 
s. 35,.beg.; a. e— Gen. B. s. 92 pb 135) &OK 'bl IpIS (hot 
"pa? IpIS) leave now, for I have arranged on escort for 
you ; Yalk. ib. 150.— Lam. R. to 1, 1 C3-ni*a in 7) -eaai IIS 
'b walk. quickly that we may reach the caravan. Ib. WW 
TO^aip 'b is there a caravan ahead of us? 


1P^v. 1Pt iK . 

•' "«jn^lp, v. arwb. 

liT 1 ", 1*5 m. (b. h.) Leviathan, a legendary sea-an- 
imal reserved, with B'hemoth, for the righteous in the 
hereafter. Lev. R. s. 13, v. Piiana. Ib. s. 22, end. Ab. Zar. 
3 b ; a. fr. — M. Eat. 25 b (in a wailing song) 'b a great 
man, opp. ppl "SI the fish of the swamp, common hu- 
manity (v. aiis). 

pTDlb, T.-wft.-. 


■ "1&515 adv. (Xo£6v, v. Ttesbx) athwart, crosswise; di- 
agonally. Kel. XVIII, 5, . v. TiSa^jj. Dem.VII,8 TO bali 
'b tYfnn he must take two barrels from diagonally oppo- 
site corners. Ib. 'b hnx 1111115 one row of barrels following 
the diagonal line. Y. Kil. IV, 29 c top p& Tiiaa (R. S. to 
Kil. IV, 6 ftaahsi) when he measures by diagonal lines. 
Y. Yoma V, 42 d bot. 'b yasb SirwuD 11a. fin except that 
(corner of the altar) which was diagonally opposite to 
him. Lam. R. introd. (R. Josh. 1) '31 11031b inUB WTtn 
ploughed his field crosswise and put up an image in the 

515 a word in an incantation against thirst. Pes. 112 a 
(Ms. M. >b). 

515 m. (b. h.; contr. of bsb, apocop. of Sbsb = bsbs, 
cmp. formation of ?)BB; cmp. bbs, bisbx>, bsbsl) 1) wind- 
ing pathway, passage way, esp. a small room with a 
staircase leading up to the upper rooms (v. Sin. Ant.V 
v. House, Amer. ed. 1858, p. 519"). Men. 34 a ya nWS 'b 
il'bsb man a small room opening (leading) from the 
ground floor to the upper room. Pes. 34 a fm "pp 'b 
'31 there was a small passage way between the "graded 
ascent (12J33) and the altar; ib. 77 a (Zeb. 62<> Ti*>1X; ib. 104 a 

m--i).— B.'diW, fb^b. Y. Erub. vii, beg. 24 b aisb Ina 
'? "pi how about connecting two dwellings for Sabbath 
purposes by the way of the staircases (leading to the 
roofs) ?— Y. Yoma I, 38 c ; Y. Meg. IV, 75 c bot. Y'S lbs 'b 
'31 lbs staircases above each other (well-hole) require 
M'zuzah, (to be furnished by him) who has the right of 
use of the lower threshold. Pes. 8 a ; Yoma ll a pnal 'b the 
staircase rooms and the provision room; [comment, refer 
to Nr. 3, v. infra]. Midd. IV, 5 ; Pes. 26 a '31 )VtTb Wl 'bl 
there were small passages in the loft leading to the Holy 
of Holies through which mechanics were lowered in 
boxes (closed elevators). — 2) (anat.) a passage from the 
vestibulum vaginae (WtilB). Nidd. 17 b , v. ST^bs.— 3) 'b 
dibissin bxo hen-roost. Sabb. i02 b 'si 'ba aps" n'asisn he 
who makes a hole (for ventilation) in a hen-roost; ib. 
146 a '31 bffl 'b dTOa in order to prevent making a hole 
in a hen-roost which is done for ventilation. Ib. 122 b ; 
a. e. — PL as ab. Pes. 8 a ; Yoma ll a pnai 'b hen-roosts 

SOl5 ch. same, small room with a staircase. Y.Yoma 
I, 38°] Y. Meg. IV, 75 c bot. '31 TOS nlnl «sbi!* '11 'b the 
Lul of R. II. which was made (with reference to the 
Jaw of M'zuzah) in agreement with the opinions of the 

niabib, v. ^b. 

1515 m. (»=abab; v. 3bab) 1) sprout. Esp. Lulab, the 
branch of the palm-tree used for the festive wreath on 
the Feast of Booths (Lev. XXIII, 40) ; also the festive 
wreath of the four species combined. Succ. HI, 1 bltSn 'b 
'31 a palm-branch unlawfully acquired or one dried up. 
Ib. 4 InK 'b one branch of the palm-tree is needed for 
the festive wreath. Ib. 9 blaib 'b TO ITtfJ i6l . . . '"a a 
traveller on the road who had no opportunity of per- 
forming the ceremony of taking the festive wreath in 
hand. Ib. 'V> 1BJ3 ST 1 !! bo the entire day is fit (no special 
time of the day is designated) for the ceremony &c. Ib. 
1 2 ; R. Hash. IV, 3 '31 B1pa3 . . . '\ft) tW\ the ceremony of 
Lulab was performed in the Temple seven days &c; Succ. 
46 a '31 'b jnlsa TittJSi taT 1 on the first day it is the Biblical 
law of Lulab which is carried out, on the' following days 
it is the carrying out of an ordinance'of the elders; a. 
fr.— PI. Diailb, y<&*b. Orl. I, 7. 'bni dibsn leaves and 
eatable young sprouts. Shebi, VII, 5,' a. e. d^llt *&<b, 
v. 111. Ber. 55 a ,a. e. -OV&i 'b sprouts of grape-vine ; Yoma 

81 b , v. a%i>.— Gen. B. s. 41, beg. Maiii trdfib its branches 
are used for praise (v. bhj); Num. B. s. 3, beg., v. b&Vi; 
Midr. Till, to Ps. XCII, 13 (sing.). Suce. IV, 4 HX pi^ia 
'31 )\p^\lh they used to bring their festive -wreaths to 
the Temple mount &c; a,, fr. — 2) pjjlb twigs used as 
brooms in the wine press (Bashi), cmp. Kpaix; the two 
posts supporting the beams of the press (Ar.j. Ab. Zar. 
75 a ; Y.ib.V,end,45 b ;Nidd.65 a ; Tosef. Toh. XI, 1 6 ; Tosef. 
Ab. Zar. VIII (IX), 3. 

fcO^D, eO'O'D ch. same, esp. palm-branch, palm- 
tree. Targ. Cant. VII, 9 (h. text lofl). — Suco. 32 a ">Kaa 

Kin <bn D-nan rnss "wn ed. (Ms. sin aVfc hubs ..,) how 
do you know that this kappoth (Lev. XXIII, 40) means 
a green sprout?— B. Kam. 96 a '31 "iVfe itai 1SB ifctfl, v. 
NSlfi. Gen. B. s. 6 '31 tpaW> "iBp rati 1M when thou tiest 
thy iufaS (for the Succoth festival), tie thy feet (stop 
travelling); Y. Sabb. II, 5 ^ Talk. Is. 317.— Pi. 'paVfe, 
ys'Wfe, "^Vft. Targ. Lev. XXIII, 40. [Targ. II Esth. Ill, 
8 w.]— Targ. Ps. 1, 3, v. Sta>3>.— Ab. Zar.57 a 
"a&'b Vt*<B,'\(MB.T/Lt)arbb SflW>oi>) took 'branches down, 
lb. iSiVlVl Sltt)6t1 (some ed. StaiVlVl, Ms. M. HQ^-b !»*n). 

MIl^D m. (preced.) palm-gardens. Targ. II Esth. 
Ill, 8 T !!»'3a>*i (ed. Lag. ttsaMs, corr. ace.) our palm- 

IpA? It>, Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. II, 3 'b IS, v. "psftsist. 

bTbli U, Midr. Sam. ch. II, read V'13 -jteV (v. Yalk. 
Sam. 78). 

^^0 f., pl/WisM) (b. h.; redupl. of rtli) loops, coup- 
lings. Yalk. Esth. 1048. Sabb. 99 a top '3i"ta pip ^KIS 
the hooks in the loops looked like stars on the sky; Yalk. 
Ex. 370; a. e. 

oi^bib, m'frb, rra&ob^b, v. sub *$*. 


*&G* l b ! D II pr. n. m. Zwfe&a. Y. Orl.IL beg., 61 d "l 
'b *a mn; Y. Ab. Zar. II, beg. 40 c 'b 13 'fi '1 Fr. (in 
M'bo, p. 83 b ), ed. ^blb q. v. 

"]Tv"D, yyO) Ab. Zar. 18 b , read p.& (ludi) games, 

v. pSa 

Di^blb, 'K^b'lb pr. n. m. Lulianus (popular cor- 
rupt, of Julianus) 1) name of an influential man who 
suffered a martyr's death together with one Papus. Sifra 
B'huck., Par. 2, ch. V (ref. to Lev. XXVI, 19, v. SINS) 
'31 i1103*>&t <*M lYTtfTvp WSS- ",«3 like P. son of Judah 
and L. the Alexandrian and his associates. Y. Taan. II, 
66 a top 'SI 'b . . . dli the day on which L. -and P. were 
put to death; Bab. ib. 18 b 'ityb; v. fr., v. K'Jp'tfc.— 2) 'b 
tobis King (emperor) Julian! Y. Ned. Ill, 37* bpt.; (Y. 
Shebu. Ill, 34 d MafB^pll). > 

^^ T blb, ^blb, ^b pr. a. m. (preced.) (son of) 
Lulian, (Julian). T bant. B. to IV, 12 [read:] pip tft &b 

» 1* 

'V. ... iTilfnVi DISH pistil they did not change Eeuben 
into Eufus, or Judah into Juliani; Lev. B. s. 32 (Corr. 
ace.).— Y. Ned. Ill, beg, 37 d 'W> "ia tT*ri '1 ed. Krot.; Y. 
Yoma.II, 39 d ; Y. Naz. IV, 53 c top; a. fr, 

rra^bib, itfbib, '?bib f . (preced. wds. ; .sub. 

ni&bn) Lulian style of hair-cutting, clipped hair. . Ned. 
5l' a (exp], 10631 Q1&3 Ez. XLIV, 20) '£ p>3 like the L. style, 
expl. fifctl'W T\ 'the style of a distinguished person',, 1BX1 
'31 ill bl2J the top of one (row of hair) touching the root 
of the other; Snh. 22 b 'b mSbn p3. 

' srcbib, y. wy^^.. 
rnarobib, v. ™\ 

BDdlflb, y. BBtite. 

.&W3l5 m. (popular corrupt, of nummus=sestertius) 
sesterce (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Sestertius). — PI. *&b. Ab. Zar. 
34 b iaib 'ia . . . staiba c^iioi KB&ip Ar. (ed. . . stwp 
'31 nalba . .; Ms. M. omits 'volV) a xestos of brine sells 
for one nummus, while one of wine sells for four nummi. 
—Tosef. Dem. Ill, 12 '31 flD5 mo )f&b . . . ">b&(B. S. to 
ib.II, 5 yvsnb read: •p'&b or ■|iB!|S=vou|i.(J.iov) as to baskets 
of figs or grapes and piles of vegetables, quantities sold 
for a nummus (and upward) are considered wholesale, 
those sold for less than a nummus, retail; Y. ib. II, end, 
23 a '31 tibwbi 'an hpi ma fsa (read: 15 for D; B. S. 1. 
c. yia" 1 !') a quantity sold for a nummus (or less) is retail, 
for more than a nummus is wholesale. 

HD 15, v. preced. 

nODDl!?, Y. Hor. I, 46 a top, read fl&30 V»l. • 

yO, p5 I (b. h.) to stay over night, to take {night-) 
lodging; to be kept over night. Num. B. s. 12, beg. (ref. 

to Ps. xci, i) nain tva^b cub ^la, v. m*b. lb. ..M"apn 

15"i>sa y\bb fllShJ the Lord . . is desirous to lodge under 
our shade T (Tabernacle). Snh. VI, 4 )b b!*l but if his body 
was allowed to hang over night. Pes. 42 a >abp 6*vo water 
which has been kept in vessels over night (misunderstood 
for 'our water', v. ma). Bar. 18 b niiap.1 maa ■■']Vl and 
stayed over night in the burial ground; a. fr. — [Gen. B. 
s. 60, distinction between yV>, Gen. XXIV, 23 and fkb, 
ib. 25, v.haib.] 

Hif. yfyn to keep over night. B. Kam. 99 a blffla 1315 
)"bv\ Va (sb) transgresses the law which says, (Lev.- XIX, 
13) T 'thou shalt not &o.'; B. Mets. IX, 12 DUBS 13 'l»i 
'31 ffye\ »b the prohibition to keep the wages of the hired 
man over night applies to it; ib. Ill 15 ; a. fr.— Esp, to leave 
a corpse unburied over night. Snh. VI, 5 '31 M* yton 1=3 
whosoever postpones the burial of his dead transgresses 
a prohibitory law (ref. to Deut. XXI, 23 in its general 
application); '31 TTOSb wbft but if one kept hint over 
night for his honor's sake (to prepare a more honorable 
burial) &c. ; a. fr.— V. Si>^. 

Hithpol. isftnn, Nithpol. yftna to seek shelter; to take 
refuge. Num. B. I. c. (ref. to Ps.'l. c.) [read:] 'jJ'ftrt? m - 



'31 "]b na»25 bxa Almighty, be pleased to lodge in the 
shade which Bezaleel has made for thee. Yalk. Job 906 
'31 niila iOiibrPtti &13a dhV ffli have a place of refuge 
where to find shelter from the judgment of Gehenna; 
(Yalk. Jud. 41 I^SJ-'IB). 

TD II (b. h.; cmp. nil;) to join. 

Nif. "fbif-Hif. ffyn (cmp. Vip) to rise against, murmur, 
rebel. Ex. B. ; s. 25 '31 Wil »i$>m5 ITS when they rebelled, 
it would have been necessary that the anger (of the 
Lord) &c. 

mthpol. TStfsRrl same. Tosef. B. Bath. VII, 9 tMSiVrran 
'31 trtliam the rebellious (Num. XIV, sq.) and the spies 
. . . took no share &c. 

I'D = lli-ft, unto them. Y. Ber. Ill, 6 b top; a. fr. 

. niaraaib, nv±ib, v. •«*>. 

iTQDlb f. (v. Tfw$b& I) bathing clothes, sheet. Y. Sabb. 
1, 3 a top 'ta SpSfYUDa from the time he wraps himself up in 
a sheet (for hair-cutting). lb. IX, 12 a bot.; a. e. (intereh. 
with hiBS-foO.— PI. TfflzVib. lb. Ill, 6 a ; Tosef. ib. XVI 
(XVII), 15 HiKiasb Var.; a. e. 



*C0"D f.(Xoy^r)) spear-head,lance, javelin— Pl.Tffi^vib, 
niK-OSft. Snh. 14 a bx-a VlB 'b . . . ia ISSS Ar. (ed. rwaiib. 
Ms. M. ni13lb, Ms. F. 'M-OS-ft ; v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) they 
stuck into his body three hundred iron spear-heads ; Ab. 
Zar. 8 b (ed. rflSWVlVMs. M. nivalis). Sot. 1, 8 (9 b ) tfKffb; 
Num. B. s. 9 rWOSfii some ed. (corr. ace); a. e.— Ch. 
tosft. Snh. 110 a bot. **> ilV© Ar. (ed. snail ami) around 
the spear-head; B. Bath. 74 a .— PI. i?sft. Gitt. 70 a Ar., v. 


*D ! D pr. n. m. Zws. Gitt. ll b , v. W»S. 

SJ'D m. (b.h. 5&; Site or Site, cmp. jft, a.»nft)yow. Gen. 
E. s. 81; Yalk. Prov. 959 (ref. to sfcj, Prov. XX, 25) b31K 
isfta fiiffllp who chews sacred things with his jaw. Ib. ; 
Snh. 58 b (ref. to Prov. 1. c.) '31 isft "itllbn he who strikes 
an Israelite's jaw, is regarded as if striking theShekhinah. 

IXPV, 'lb ch. same. Targ.O.Deut.XVIII,3 (Y. vfiftb, 
h. text bitte). Targ. I Sam. XVII, 85; a. e.— Sabb. 54 b 
(expl. bVio) 'b 12 Ms. M. (ed. 'b ia, v. Eabb.D. S.a.l.note) 
a bandage or bar under the jaw to prevent friction. Ib. 
67 a , v. im. Snh. 18 b ; Y. ib. I, 18 c bot. rWft, v. fiB?, 

WD, v. preced. 


5]ib n 

2 m. (cmp. nS?j) fo/, a plant similar to colocasia, 
with edible leaves and root, and bearing beans. [It is 
classified with onions and garlic.] Peah VI, 10. Shebi. 
V, 2 '31 'S>fl n&t lalDh he who puts lof in the ground for 
preservation in the Sabbatical year. Y. ib. 35 d bot. [read:] 

ma b^Xa *b I'llb 19 so much about lof; how about oni- 
ons? (Answ.) 6^33 iffl 'b Sin the same law applies to 
lof and to onions. Ib. (ref. to Mish. 3) '31 nBTO 'b i*>S3 
the Mishnah speaks of leaves of the wild lof, i. e. lof train- 
ed for the leaves. Ib. VII, 1 hBlffl.1 'b tb$ the (edible) 
leaves of the wild lof; ib. 2 'an 'b -p9 the (inedible) root 
of &c. Sabb. XVIII, 1 '31 'ia *mo permits the handling of 
(the beans) of lof, because it may be used as food for 
ravens. Tosef. Maasr. in, 10 'bt\ niaiS (ed. Zuck. SnaiS) lof 
preserved in pits, v. supra. Y. Erub. Ill, beg. 20 c bptelpSTi 'Vn 
the bean of the lof and of the colocasia (not eaten raw), 

^^(cmp. SB>, t)|fc) to join. B. Bath.4 a hot. tfOn Trtt* 
nia Epi^l (ed. nnan irte 'b) his neighbor may go to work 
and join (a front) to the hedge (v.' mtfi). — Part. pass. 
W% *&,&•"&*%>> '*'*. Hull. ll a 'ln S3in when it remains 
joined (to the body), opp. "nasi "p!nh. Ib. 107 a iSi"te S^TD 
(fr. t|£fe) the waters are considered as connected. B.Mets. 
100 b ifiiiVo Ar. (ed. isinna, corr. ace; Ms. M. i&Vfl, 
Ms. H. a. oth. iSiVia, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) when the 
goods are not yet cut. Shebu. 43 a i&nVia (Ms. F. ifiiVia, 
v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 5) when the girdle consists of 
pieces sewed together. 

"©"D m. pi. (&)&», 'b htl #face o/* coupling, border 
(= b'.'h. mana). Targ. 0. Ex. XXVI, 4 (Y. SBIBi^); Y.a. 
0. ib.XXXVT, 11, sq.; a. e. 

V&b, V. TjDft. 

*J "Dl5, 5 ™D pr. n. m. (prob. corresp. to Joviani, 
cmp! iSi^te) Bar Lufiani. Esth. B. to I, 4. Omp. BiSiOlb. 

"££"D (^"'b) m. (cmp. i&ite) owe to% tfiiefc awd 
connected eye-brows. Bekh. 44 a "p&te (Ar. "JS^, v. Koh. Ar. 
Compl. s. v. note); Tosef. ib. V, 9 llSii ed. Zuck. (Var. 

VB'te, Wii), v. SBM. 

TBtt v. WK 

DDib, v.&rK 

™lDl5 ("llS *J) m. (prob. corrupted fr. XoY^ocpopos 
or Sopo^opoi; cmp. nwa'W) spear-bearer, guardsman, 
satellite. Num. B. s. lo'blBSni 'bn sal and the guards- 
man came and arrested them (the revellers). — PI. bf&h, 
X^&b, ^Bft. Gen. E. s. 61 (ref. to Gen. XXV, 3, which 
verse must be inserted in the Midrash text.) [read:] 
map xnaix iiD-ni 'b ■pwvpaisi •paS'-iha )^ni i"s» 
" ( n malS although they render (the words ashshurim &c.) 
by 'merchants', 'satellites' and 'chiefs of tribes', yet they 
are all names of tribes; Yalk. Chron. 1073; v. VTiBaN. 
Pesik. V'zoth, p. 196 b 1*stt> ^i&l^ ta"i he motioned to Ms 
guardsmen,and they stabbed him; Yalk. Deut. 950b , niaitt 
(corr. ace); Yalk. Sam. 151 ynro-ibb 1X1 (corr. ace). 

NPDlb f. pi. (v. i&ft) couplings. B. Bath. 6 a ^1 SSlpa 
(Ms. M. T SnBbai NM3pa, read 'Jlpa) if a neighbor built 
against the party wall in an angle and joined his wall 

r y 

to it with couplings ; [Ar. rWJ ppai '?a if a neighbor 
joined a previously erected structure to the party wall 
or built against the latter in an angle]. 

f 13, yOOh. ; emp,l* IV) to talk, esp. to scorn, scoff. 
Ab. Zar. 18 b '(ref. to Ps. I, 1) -p?^ 151t3 3UJ1 DS if he sits 
(with scorners), he will finally scoff ; '21 y?BSl- and if he 
scoffs, the Scripture says of him &c; Midr. Till, to Ps. 1, 1. 

Sif. y'b'n 1) (with ins) to talk behind a person, sneer, 
deride. Ex. B. s. 52 beg. Iiins fS^a m they derided 
him (Moses); (Talk. ib. 417 T*?S fiiasiina). lb. D^C 
, JllDa ins (Talk. 1. c. D^SIpna); a. e.— 2) (with 1S3) to 
speak in behalf of; to defend; to interpret. — Gen. B. s. 
91 (ief. to Gen. XLII, 23) rtffiJa ill 'pVan 'the interpreter' 
that means Manasseh. 

Hithpol. ysiVnn to talk frivolously, make light of, 
scoff. Ab. Zar. 1. c. '31 yviioii pxftnan ?3 whoever speaks, 
frivolously will be visited with suffering. Ib. (in Chald. 
diet.) I beg you tttsftfin iA*i not to scoff. Kidd. 81 a flirt 
TWOS 1-Q.1SO. fXIpna (Eashi : hliasa) made light of sinners 
(Kashi: of sin) (spoke as though temptation could never 
have power over him). Yalk. Ex. 1. c, v. supra. Midr. 
Prov. to 1, 6, v. ilSilsB; a. e. 


Iplb, Euth E. to II, 7, v. KBpl?. 

D^TDj^lSlpi!? m, pi. (locum tenentes) lieutenants, 
viceroys'. Midi.'. Till, to Ps. CXLIX [read :] V Y'la -|?a 
'? IP 115"i &13V1 1? a human king has a dux, has governors. 
[Our w. is a gloss to a word in the text which is now 
missing, prob. DiJflSa. — Editions vary between OWSBlplV, 
O^BSBlp? &c. V. Mus. s. v. in Ar. ed. Koh.] 

&1pl3m. 1) (Xuxo?) ivolf, an opprobious epithet of 
the altar. Suce. 56 b ; Tosef.ib.rV,28&ipl?ed.Zuck.(corr. 
ace); Y. ib. V, end, 55 d .— 2) pr. n. m. SJlpI?, ftipl?, "ppi"? 
read Diipl? Lucius, v. W»a. 

S12p13 m. (Bgb) picking, pinch; '? '? in small quan- 
^/es.Lkm.E. to I,'l (ywt\) '? '? *>? nam K?(Ar.KBa?Bp 
q. v.) wilt thou not sell me (pepper) at retail?^ — Euth E. 
to II, 7 (expl. BSa n^ari WOID, ib.) [read:] NBpl? hffi&n 
'31 rVaa© firm? she took up a small quantity (of the 
ears) for her who was in the house (Naomi), who was 
looking out for her. 

TQplb, Gen. E. s. 61 '? Sin ptil Ar., read with Yalk. 

ib. no hiiap ^a- )na Kin pim (ed. 'si niVm; ibo p^ni). 

^fcTplb, '^^b, 'lib m. pi. (Xwxfoov) a /btoet- 
of the genus levcoium, snow-flakes. Bekh. 45 b a man cried 
out, 111T1 ronWl'? 'Wa.'jSta (Eashi liiiplb; Ar. i3pil^,v. 
next w.) who wants to buy levcoiums'*., and it was found 
to be white flowers (snow-flakes). [Eashi: white lambs.} 

V. ipi^. 

' ppib,v.ipi>. 

V^plb, v. Ojp*. 

1H1-' ' — ' "~^- m - ( a denom - of ^eux^i a kind °f 

elephantiasis) one ««Ao «s white-spotted in the face. Bekh 
VII, 6 '3? ed. (Eashi '11?); ib. 45 b expl. X1VTJ (from an- 
alogy with iSKTpfls, v. preced.); Tosef. ib. V, 9 pi*iV (read 
'11?). Tosef. Ber. VII (VI), 3 ",pll? ed. Zuck. (Var. ypl?) ; 
Y. ib. IX, 13 b bot. "lib; Sifra Emor, Par. 3, ch. Ill '3?; 
Ber. 58 h '11? (Ms. M. Hip, corr. ace). 

SSri^plb, v. an-rei. ' 

^tmb, v. fr^ap. 

E5l3 (b. h.) to knead. Sabb. VII, 2 slsnhe who kneads 
(on the Sabbath). Y. ib. VII, 10 b bot., a' fr. v\ talffla aiifi 
is guilty of an act coming under the category of knead- 
ing (v. &lVo). Pes. 30 a , a. e. '31 tt* 'ptt& 'pX you must not 
knead dough (of bread) with milk; a. v. fr. — Part. pass. 
B1?, fr. TVS&b. Y. Sot. IX, 24 b bot. '31 ©aia '"? kneaded 
with honey and cream (Bab.ib.48 b '31fiS3'&iSffl rt3">S? Malt). 

Jfi/1 iBi?:, 851>J to be kneaded. Pes' 35 a niBiVuiB nb^s 
'31 dough kneaded with wine, oil or honey. Sot. 48 b , v. 
supra. Men. V, 2 (55 a ) "plffllSa nit»1?3 (Bab. ed. rrittfei;) 
must be kneaded with tepid water; a. fr. — Yalk. Prov. 
959 (etymol. of llK?) WUJa 1!51?3 DIN ?1» 112531!) (not ffl?13) 
man's flesh is kneaded between his (the lion's) teeth; Ab. 
d'E. N. II Vers, ch. XLIII (ed. Schechter, p. 122) ?3TO 
psa 1183 1133 "pU?1?5 (not "plTSi). ■ 

2515 ch. same. Targ. 0. Gen. XVIII, 6. Targ. Hos. 
VH, 4 ttftatt '|TiSa ed. Lag. (oth. ed. ttJ^an, Clpial) from 
the time of kneading.— Part. pass. &"b. Targ. 0. Num. 
XI, 8 (h. text 11B-J).— Pes. 36 a '31 1*> TOIpn X? do not knead 
(the bread on Passover) for me with &o. Pesik E. s. 22 
'31 ttjiia hbts went to knead (and bake her bread) at her 
neighbor's; Lev. E. s. 6 tt&iap; a. e. 

nit), mi 5 (v. n?, ni3) unto; with. Targ. Gen. II, 19 
ni!? (co'nstr.)] a. v. fr.— With suff. vrb, rfpvb &c. unto me, 
unto thee &c. lb. XXXIX, 15, sq. (h. text VsVt) ; a. v. fr — 
ni!ba from the presence of. Targ. Ex. IX, 38; a. e. — B. 
Ka'm. lll b ; B. Mets. 62 b bot. Till? pS3 . .. Sia^Btt) 13 when 
I die, E. 0. shall come to meet me ; a. fr. 

. jb, v.ifcn. 

*^lb, to *%, « 

"*!• *&' 
. ?S|jb,y.iataV 
^b, v .i|n. 

iHfb f. (b. h.; 11? IV), constr. Wtb evil talk. Yeb. 24 b ; 
Keth. 22 b (quot. fr. Prov. IV, 24). 

n5 m.(b.h.; t"ih?fo besticky, sappy, fresh) moist,green, 
fresh; liquid; opp. ffiQi. Dem. II, 3 Bail MP either fresh 
or dried fruits. Ib. 5 "O^l npai in selling fresh fruits 
(or liquids), a denar's worth is wholesale; Y. ib. II, end, 
"23 a '31 Plb? S^a^ I3rii for fresh fruit they adopt the stand- 
ard of value, for dried that of quantity (cmp. KB1?); Tosef. 
ib. Ill, 1 2 -pM nbai and for liquids the standard is a Sin. 
Gen. E. s. 79, beg. (play on >"i?3, Job V, 26) '31 n? sar 

. Targ. Prov. IV, 21 "phi Ms.; v. 

thou shalt die in the possession of vigor (cmp. Deut. 
XXXIV, 7); a. ir.—Feni. nnb. Sabb. 49 a 'b ni&S a moist 
garment;. a. fr.— PI. dinb, yiplb; ninb. lb. ",a2S nana 'b 
'31 naturally moist, ,in« iai nana 'b moist through some 
incident. Y. Ber.. I, 2 C bot. '=Vdiatt3 Ttt 'b the heavens 
were liquid . . ., and on the second day they congealed 
(v. "to); Gen. B. s. 4, beg. dnitfJSa Wi 'b (corr. ace); a. 


lib m., v. nnb. - 


nn5, nil" 1 5 f. (b. h. nb; v. nb) moisture, secretion. 
Sifre T Deut. 357 (ref. to Deut. XXXIV, 7) rihb &5 Kb n"SS 
'=1 nnilS 'V. . . ba, V»tt»S nhb S3 sbx read not, 'his moist- 
ure (vigor) had not failed' but 'was not failing now' 
(that he was dead) (i. e. D3 is not meant for the perfect 
tense but for the partic. present), whoever touched Moses' 
body, felt moisture burst forth from it in all directions; 
Yalk. ib. 963. Shebi. II, 1 'bft hban© IS until the moisture 
in Jthe ground is gone; Y. ib. 33 c 'b Kan )tim what Tannai 
is it that makes moisture a condition? — Sabb. 107 a S^Sinb 
'b naaa to let the pus escape. Makhsh. VI, 7 MnllS 'bn 
ill-smelling moisture (purulent substance); a. fr. — Trnsf. 
nmiD 'b (product of) ill-smelling secretion, i. e. man. Cant. 
B. to VII, 9 13 'b Sia-i "W Oh, thou wicked mortal ! Ex. E. 
s. 20; a. e. 

■«tWlnb, v. KJrjV 

Tin 3, Tin* adv. (v. in H) l) singly, separately, only. 
Targ. Ex. XXVI,' 9 (h. text lab). Targ. Gen. VI, 5 (h. text 
pi); a. v. fr.— Taan. 21 b 'b "'Wit 'b iiai the men separately 
and the women' separately. Ber. 2 b "jnal 'b KllSiffl TO 
'b seniSittJ there is a separate (different) standard of time 
for the poor man (when he goes to his meal) and an- 
other for the priest (when he goes to eat T'rumah), 
opp. XIIS/HD in the same time. Hull. 55 a "jnnsi 'b apTr 
'b a perforated milt is oiie thing, and a removed one 
another (the laws are different); a. fr. — "With sufi*. "'linb, 
iiinbsi for, by myself, Tftirtb, TjlinVa for, by thyself &c. 
Targ'. Num. XI, 14. Targ. 0. Ex. XVIII, 14 -pinba; Y. 
^linbab; a. fr.— B. Kam. 38 a n^Sb n^linb K1H blK Ms. 
M. (ed. rnas •'Klinb, corr. ace.) he went to him by himself. 
Men. 38 a n^iinb in ba each for itself (one independent 
of the other), opp. ma Wlin both combined as one; a. 
fr. — 'bai (=h. labai, v. 13 III) provided, but. Y. Ber. I, 
3 d top '31 1W xbl 'bai provided that he does not do 
&c.,v. SWllin. Y. Peah I, 16 b bot. n^b ainisbl'ai provid- 
ed that he does not return to it (his sin); a. fr.— 2) (v. 
lin) jointly, also (h.dJ). Targ. I>s,LII,7. lb. CXIX, 23 Ms. 
(ed. dllX); ib. 24. Targ. Job XXVIII, 27; a. e. 

**mnb, v. preced. 

EJInb, v.ainb. 

^nb, VfiTO m . (v. ^nb I) flaming, red. Tlrg. Y. 
Gen, XXX, 32, sq.'a. e. (0. diniB, h. text din). 

"TO I (b. h.) pr. p. pi. Lehi (v. next w). Gen. R.s.98, 

(ref. to Jud. XV, 19) 'b lalB Sinn dpan the name of the 
place was L. 

n TO II, Tb m. (b. h. ; nnb; cmp. NSib) [joint,] 1)jaio. 
Tank fci Thissa 18 'ba ■jnsiS'nl} Mmb the tablets are called 
luhoth, because they must be studied with weariness of 
the lehi (jaw).— Dm. d^rib. Erub. 54 a (play on nnb, Ex. 
XXXI, 18) 'SI pSO V^nb'dlXb'iffla d!* Ms. M. (v. Eabb. 
D. 8. a. 1. note) if one will make his jaws as (untiring in 
repeating lessons as) a stone &c. Cant. R. to IV, 15; 

v,i2( ib.isj'b-paa n&mi nabn xnnii>is...dinba ni 
one scholar inserts one thing, another another thing, until 
the halakhah (decision) comes forth like jaws (well adjust- 
ed). Sabb.57 b (expi.-'pD , iai&, ib. vi, i) n-wnb is nb iTscsan 
ed. (Ms. M. diinbn IS -pSiJan) ornaments of the head 
which hang down so as to reach her cheeks. Y. Taan. 
IV, 68 d bot.; Lam. R. to II, 2 'SI ^nba'd^lBS lbs"* grass 
will grow through thy jaws (thou shalt be dead and buri- 
ed), and the son of David shall not yet have appeared. 
Tosef. Ohol. I, 6 'jnaS T^nbm (ed. Zuck. inbm) and the 
jaw-bones count among them. Hull. X, 1 ; a. fr. — 2) va- 
rious objects resembling a jaw, or attached to another 
object; a) that part of the bridle which encompasses the 
jaw. Kel. XI, 5.— b) the cheek-pieces of a casque. Ib. 8 
(v. Maim, comment, ed. Dehr.). — a) inserted sticks, with 
ivhich theplough is guided. Ib. XXI, 2. — Esp. 3) lehi, a stake 
fastened in the ground by the side of a wall, serving as 
a mark or as a fictitious partition (enclosure) for the pur- 
pose of enabling the inmates of an alley to move objects, 
on the Sabbath, within the space thus enclosed (v. aTPS). 
Erub. 12* nxirra dllDa 'b a lehi is to serve the place of 
a partition (palisade), contrad. to 13in dllDa a mark to 
distinguish the alley from the public road. Ib. I, 2 Iffian 
nilpl 'b . , .^aa the means of fitting an alley for movements 
on the Sabbath ... are a stake and a beam on top; 'bx'1 
"l^inb laiK R. E. says two stakes. Ib. 6 '31 llaxffl l^nb 
ihe stakes about which they speak must be ten hand- 
breadths high &c. Ib. i5 a 'b ''in .. . . iibxa naisn 'b a pole 
put up accidentally (not with the intention of making it 
a Sabbath mark) ... serves the ritual purposes of a lehi. 
Ib. 12 b 'ba i-™=n if the alley has been made available 
neans of a lehi; a. v. fr. 

ItfTip ch, same, 1) the cheek-piece of a bridle.— PI. 
xr-swib. kos.xi,4 ■|inns"inba -iiiai ed. (ed.Lag. xninba; 
oth.ed. snsinb ,'xnib, Kniin'b, omittingthe suffix) lengthen- 
ing (loosening) their bridles (h. text dn^nb).— 2) stake as 
a Sabbath mark, lehi, v. preced. Erub. 15 a 'b bS5 the lehi 
had fallen over.— V. Dtniinb. 

;.n > adv. (Tib,cmp. Aeth. la-ha-ya to be beautiful 1 ; cmp. 
ft$*,y£>i)very well, all right. Targ. Ruth 111,1 3.— Gitt. 67 b 
bot. 'b V'8 said he to him, Very well (do so). Erub. 15 a 
'b nap KabliJa as regards grain stacks, very well (they 
may have been so arranged on purpose) ; a. fr. 

^CPtO •' 't^? f - P 1, ( v - N t^ 2 ) palisades, whence 
axia n^nb,'n;nb=^ (asia) is pr.'n. pi. Fori (of ' Modb). 
Targ. 0. Num.' xxi, is' n^nb'; Y. n^nb. Ib. 0. 28 mnb 

asia (Y. II 'SI TlhrVip 'b). In gen. fortresses. Targ. Esth. 
IX, 27. 



riD^H ? f. (tjrfc) KeMw^r, lapping (of flames). Y. Hag. 
II, 77^ bot.' iji&a '■jrc'ri^ ■jms ronia mn Mtvi-ii and 
flaming tongues lapped them (the words) as they were 
lapped when coming down from Sinai. 

VlDTD,. njllbf. (v. nextw.) maid-servant- PL 
m'2">ri^. T Ex.E. s. 40, end ; (Tanh. Ki Thissa 13 nin&ttJ). 

Kftprft w^nb Cynb) t. cp\ C m P . mi, foi<n« ; 

cmp. Jilt, n^lVlI) 1) concubine (=h. iUSVB); 2) maidservant 

(=h. nax)" Targ. 0. Gen. XXXV, 22 (some ed. XP ). 

Targ. Jud. VIII, 31; a. e.— PI. "\i">r\b, SWiSTi!?, 'srfc.* Targ. 
I Kings XI," 8. Targ. 0. Gen. XXV, 6. Targ.'Y. r ib.'xX,17. 
Targ. Job XIX, 15. 

arafrjb, v. «$$. 

ll^nb f. (ttjrfc II) 1) whisper; spell, charm. Y.Sabb. 
VI, 8 b bot. (expl. tmn\>, is. Ill, 20) )m sinus iai s'WBSip 
''pin WO V» ear-rin gs, (namely ) that which i s put on the place 
where the whispering for charming purposes is dope (the 
ear).— '*Q in a low voice. Gen.R. s. 3; beg.; a. fr — [Y. Ber. 
I, 3 d top, v. StBrft.],— 2) hissing (of the serpent), emission 
of venom. Ab. 11,10 '31 T(&<nb frwinb their (the scholars') 
hissing is that of &c; Num. R. s. 3, beg. — Trnsf. invidious 
talk, tale-bearing, insinuation. Pes. 57 a iniBinia "h "'is 
woe to me on account of their talk; Tosef.Men.XIII,21 
■iffljprfi rva their mouth.— PI. niffl">rfc. Tosef. Sot. XIV, 3; 
Sot. 47 b fi-a 'b ittSrTfc those influencing the court by means 
of secret talk 

!jnb (b. h.) to lick, lap (cmp. tfrfs). Y. Meg. I, 71 c bot. 
'31 S">ni 131!15l=3 PnhiV he licks it (the ink) off with his 
tongue (from the interspaces of the letters) so that the 
Divine Name remains intact. Hull. U2 a 1SS Tpn!* . . . nB 
Oh that the mouth which gave forth pearls must now 
lick dust!; Kidd. 39 b 1\T& t ] (Pi.). Esth. R. to IV, 15 ?{?ib "O 
'31 Win for I should have been willing to lick the shoe 
of his (Hainan's) foot; a. e. 

Pi- T\ffb same, esp. (of lapping flames) to lick up, dry 
up, make glowing. B. Kam. 6 a TVS ilsWb (Rashi <^b) it (the 
fire) lapped his neighbor's ploughed field. Gen. R. s. 4, 
beg.; Yalk. Job 914. Y. Hag. II, 77 b bot. rorta, v. »S"<nb. 
(Ruth R. to III 13 nisrtsa). 

?jnb ch. same. Targ. I Kings XXI, 19 (h. text ppb). 
lb. XVIII, 38. Targ. Mai. Ill, 19 ^fri^ ed. Lag. (some ed. 
T&lAf'i h. text BhVv. preced.);'a, e. — Ab. Zar. 28 a 
IT'paji iyonb they burned (cauterized) his shoulder (to 
get the poison out).. 

Pa. rprfc same. Targ. Jud. VII, 5. Targ. Is. LXIV, 1 ; 
a. e.— Pes. 49 a "OS'S) Tfr&a dish-licker. 

Hlbrib m. (nrt>, v. H» moisture. Cant. R. to II, 1 153 
'i IS W there is still some moisture in it; (Midr. Till, to 

Ps. i tvnv>r&).— v. ifibb. 

Xn^nb ch. same.— PI. •*$*$. Y. Ab. Zar. II, 42 a 
'b mas px if it gives out juice. 

rPn ! l5n5, TV,moisture, juice; vitality.Gen. 
R. s. 48 'b ha ffl^UJ iispl (Ar. tvaliob) old age combined 
with vitality. lb. s. 61, beg. (ref. to inpSV, Job XIV, 7) 
iViS 'b T( that means his vitality. Snh. 49 a '31 iffl "i? •yris 
David was yet in full vigor. lb. 92 b (ref. to Ez. XXXVII, 
4; 11) 'dry bones' are men rtlsa ?UJ 'i drtS pStt) in whom 
there is no sap of good deads; Sot. 46 b bot.; Yalk. Kings 
226; a. e.— [Cant. R. to I, 6 'b rt#l, read: T\^bsb.] 

N^nibtlb ch. same. Y. Ab. Zar. II, 42 a n"ll&S 'b the 
juice (brine of fish prepared by gentiles) is forbidden. 

Jjlbtlb, TTv m. Cqrt), ns 'b lapping with the tongue 
into the mouth. Lev. R, s. 22; Pesik. Eth Korb., p. 58 a ; 
Pesik. R. s. 16; Yalk. Num. 776; Yalk. Job 926; Tanh. 
Pinh. 12 [read:] nB -yibnb "<13 dna ffli 131 (not yksb, 
Tftblib) is there in them (the waters of the Jordan) enough 
(for the Behemoth) for a lapping? [or DB 'b "'"IS dna ttPl 
and there is just enough for etc.]— lb. nB 'b ["HS] ana VS 
there is not enough &c. 

n5n5 (redupl. of TX\b, v. hb) to moisten. 
Nithpa. nbrtens to be moistened. Gen. R. s. 36 (expl. 
.iafis.i.»i8,Gen.ix,20)na"isn nrfcnins i^aaniB since for 

his sake the ground became moist again (cmp. Gen. R. 
s. 33, end, quot. s. v. "Via). Y. Sabb. IV, 6 d bot. yvCSi 
inbninsiB dry (plants) which have been moistened again, 
opp. lass nana -pnb, v. rib. 

nbnb ch. same. Gen. R. s. 41 (expl. -paia, Is. LI, 23) 

"pinna pnbrAan "pnna pa^aan p^s (some ed . -jiroa) those 
who make thy wounds flow, who moisten thy wounds, 

v. aia. 

DP! .3 1 (cmp. nib), to join, or to be joined, be inserted. 

Hif^WTibr} to fit, insert; to tenon. Y. Sabb. XII, 13<= 
'31 ns dT&an he who inserts the shutters (of a shop); 
Y. Bets. I, 60 c dniafi (corr. ace). Cant. R. to V, 12; ib. 
to IV, 15, v. fib. Lev. R. s. 3 (ref. to the harmonious 
parallelism of Is! LV,7)p , 'aia'ld''"lD3''3a}d , 'nl5a SlrtBdlSO 
ffli'Mt as one fits (with tenon and mortise) two boards 
and glues them to one another; "«"0 Via 'a Sini25 dlJtt 
Waan (leave out nib Ml lp^aiai, v. Ar. s. v. hba) as one 
inserts two legs of a bedstead. 

DrD II (b. h.; v. preced.) to join. 

Nif. drta (cmp. use of m Nithpa.) to come in (.hostile) 
contact, to battle; with b of person, to assist, battle for. 
Mekh. B'shall. 2 (ref. to Ex. XIV, 14) &6i* D3V> dn^.. ,&b 
'31 p»33 dnV> diisb not only this time will he assist you, 
but he will alwaj-s battle against your enemies. Tanh. 
Mase 6 bKiaya Orfe/Hb ^bnias when he (Sisera) went to 
war against &c. Ib. Vayera 7 (ref. lamia, Job XX, 23) 
! ''3i bs> d^anis ^inas niartan bs for the battles which they 
fought against the Lord; a. fr. 

Hithpa. dr&nn to contest, dispute. Y. M. Kat. Ill, 8l d 
top '31 dianbna Di"fiH dS if scholars are at variance with 

s another, what cor 

m nst m DTissa). 


i. (b. h.; fr. nrt> to chew, v. Ges. H. Dict."> s. v. 
51*) /bod, bread; [Arab. meat]. Ber. V, 1 the benediction 
over bread (nS) reads: '31 'b i«£ian who makest food 
grow out of the earth; ib. 37 b . Men. XI, 1 'btl TUB (sub. 
ni"Da) the two loaves of bread (Lev. XXIII, 17). Ib. 'b 
D^SSli the show-bread (on the table of the Sanctuary) ; 
a. fr. — Trnsf. tribute, tax, salary (cmp. annona). Euth B. 
to II, 14 niS>a bw Harft It that is (thou shait partake of) 
the royal maintenance'. Zeb. 85 a ; Meil. 7 b naia 1=125 ianl? 
(he tribute belonging to the altar (crop. Lev. XXI, 6; 8; 
Neh. V, 14).— PI. Sianb. Y. Hag. Ill, end, 79 d 'b ">)V two 
sets of show-bread, opp. to IfiK tlrib. 

Dnb,dTlb l^iGnbch. l)sarne. Targ. Gen. XIV, 
18. Ib. XLin"si ;!— Snh. 100 1 ' (from Ben Sira) TDK 
[Wia 3D 'b 'b bia^K isaa if a man says, 'wherewith shall, 
I eat bread (to season, it)?', take the bread from him. Ab. 
Zar. 35 b isa"ttn 'b (Ms. M. Xani) bread baked by gentiles, 
v. HB. Ber. 42 b '31 'b VqiSI b"n (Ms. M. Kan!) let us go 
and dine at a certain place; a. fr. — 2) meat, flesh. Ex. II. 
s. 42 (ref. to dafft, Zeph. 1, 17) 'b Xlffla? 'pip Kia*i3>3 in 
Arabia they call meat lakma. 

"Tanb m., ri^Qhb f. (= lanVfl n-n) 0/ Bethlehem. 
Tose'f. Kel. B. Mets.' VII, 1 ; Bekh. 22 a 'Vrt n^ann Beth- 
lehem wine jug. — Pi. ni'anV. Kel. II, 2; Tosef. ib. B. 
Kam. II, 2. 

ni'DDnb f. pi. (denom. of art) a sort of bread offer- 
ed as dessert, wafers. Ber. 42 a (Ms. F. riKSSS-r,). 

■■nallb, »ST3H^ v. sub W$. 

f PD (b. h.) to squeeze; to force, press. Kidd. 22 a (ref. 
to Deufc XXI, 12) 'thou shalt bring her to thy house' lalsa 
narkaa Msni 1 ; &6ll) this intimates that he must not 
urge her (to yield to him) during the war. B. Mets. 59 b 
isnftrTl and he who presses him (the stranger), contrad. 
to h|St— Part. pass, ywb, pi. awrib. s. 1 1 D^pim 
'Vi pushed and pressed. 


" I (cmp. 1\ri>, utjb) [to «c&,] to /?a»ie, <?Zow (of 
coals), opp. das. Pes. T 75 b (ref. to ffl« "bra, Lev. XVI, 12) 

rviejnftn ]a swna iro an . . . niaais biai iins by gahale 

I might understand dying coals, ; by esh I might 

understand a flame; .. . how isit now (that it reads "tens 
U5X)? He takes from among the glowing coals; Y. Yoma 
II, end, 42 a ; Sifra Ahare, Par. 2, ch.III; a. e. 

SH5 II (b. h.; cmp. man, llirjS) to whisper. Ber. 
22 a '=1 "1* Pitting said it in a whisper to B. A.— Esp. to 
whisper an incantation, to charm. Snh. X, 1 (90 a ) ttjnibn 
'31 haafl -bs he who mumbles over a wound reciting the 
verse (Ex. XV, 26) &c. Ib. 101 a '=1 ni»Jirf> VtBrlft you 
may whisper a charm over bites of serpents and scorpions 
on the Sabbath; [Eashi: charm serpents & make them 
innocub us]. Y. Sabb. XIV, 14 c bot. '31 yvb ywris you may 
cure by charm a' sore eye &c. ; a. v. fr. 

Pi, ttjrfs same, 1) to whisper, hiss (of tlie serpent); to 
inform. Tanh. Vaera 4 (ref. to Ber. V, 1, v. ro^ts) na 
'3i norteo ma Van s)st situ s3r6a ©ran as the serpent 
hisses and kills, so does the (Roman) government hiss 
(inform) and kill; [read:] yniONfi rvaa Blstn ns "p"0 Kin 
Wllhvvfcs tt>rf>a. Xini the same (officer) puts a man in 
prison and the same informs against him and puts him 
to death; Ex.E.s. 9.— Tank. Balak 14 "jlia 1i*in« "plfirfta 
'31 dttJ they (the demons) repeat after him in a low voice, 
Blessed be the name &c; Num. E. s. 20; a. e.— Trnsf. to 
incite, mislead. Ber. 7 1 '; Meg. 6 b 'an laii DIN ^ttJnV W 
and if one mislead thee saying &c; Gitt. 23 b . Num.E. s. 4 
'al srsinu) -jtsni ">a who told thee that the Lord dis- 
charged the first-born (in disgrace) &c? — [Erub. 91 a ^a 
-jBhb, read ttJ"-Q mbft, as ib. 74 a , v. Eabb. D. S. a. ). 
note 90.] 

Nif. ttjnlM (with b) to be hissed at, be incited. Koh. E. 
to X, 11 '31 "ib 'i 3"KK .... mran "p& no serpent bites 
unless it is set on from above; Tib '5 S"«» . . . ma^an "11x1 
b"<sbo nor does government persecute a man, unless it is 
set on from above. 

0nb| ttSl'nb ch. same, to whisper, charm. Targ.Y. 
Gen. xi,' 28.— Y. Sot. I, i6 a bot. vm m^sb'yftnb'ia.. Jha 
"HOin^nlet any woman that knows how to cure a sore eye 
by charm, come forth and charm for me. Ib. -pais ilaS 
'al ffb nn5nb act as if you were charming to him and you 
may spit into his eye; Nnm.B.s.9; Lev. E. s. 9. — Y.Sabb. 
XIV, 14 d bot., a. e., v. ilttj\ Yoma 82 b , v. infra; a. fr. 

Pa. IZJrfc same. Targ. II Sam. XII, 19.— Y. Ber. 1, 3 C 
bot. yvzjWbal yvra bending and whispering (a prayer). 

Ithpe. aJTfeix 1) to be whispered to, be relieved by a 
whispered charm. Yoma 82 b [read:] IBnb . . . fib Wtftb 
KlBsrfbfWl lib whisper to her that to-day is the Day of 
Atonement. They did whisper to her and she was relieved 
(of her morbid appetite); [Ms. 0. tiyrfjiKI and the embryo 
in her womb was quieted; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. notes 10 a. 
20].— 2) to listen. B. Mets. 59" [read] x'lrfbirn and listen, 
v. pifc 


Erub. ! 

preced.) whisper. — ''ba in a low voice, 
'bl nailT n^n was in the habit of studying in 
a low voice; (ib. 53 b bot. mOTto D^ia). Hag. 14 a (ref. to 

wrb, is. in, 3) 'ba "panisiB niin ^n& lis •pbiaB nt (v. 

Ms. M. in Eabb. D. S. a. 1. a. Eashi to Is. 1. c.) that is he 
to whom are handed over the secrets of the Law which 
are communicated in a low voice (cmp. Gen. E. s. 3, 

beg.); i 

i, 1) whis- 

per. Y. Ber. I, 3 C sir. tiz^nb "pi Via what means that w 
per (what do they pray in a low voice)?— 2) spell, charm, 
secret art. Targ. Jer. VIII, 17 ed. Ven. (Bxt. Kttjfft, ed. 
Iiag.'Trt; Kimhi "Til?).— PI. ^ttJnV, constr. ^tinb. Targ. 
Ex, VII, 11 (h. text -Brti); ib. VIII, 14 (h. text -ab). 

nn 5, Hif. ninbn (cmp. 1\tb) to loll the tong.ue (of 
the dog); to pant, be exhausted. Lev. E-.s. 13 -j^na.tiarin 
nTiia a^ani the ass walked (patiently) and the dog pant- 
ed ; Yalk. Hab. 563 ; Sifre Deut. 343. 

iTD ch., Af. revkx same. [Targ.II Kings IV, 34, sq.,v. 
nnb.]— Lev. B. s. 13 '31 rpl*a ysa nx when burdened thou 
pantest, when unburdened thou pantest. — Pesik. B'shall. 
p. 86 b mS8}*3 rvnba KSba "pninl DISb because a dog (ha- 
bitually) lolls his tongue; Yalk. Ex. 227. 

fctninb, snrb, /; ib f. (v. t*, w*), ss-en * the 

splint-bone, the outer, smaller bone of the leg, fibula. Yeb. 
103 a rTOiai 'b bs i;&1 ISO isn Ar. ed. Koh. (Var.'*; ed. 
'*) he who walks on his splint-bone (his feet being turned 
outward so as to form an obtuse angle). 

Db,v. B *. 

ffitfDb, v. nxabri. 

DTI35 m. (b. h. ab) gum-mastich (Ladanum), a resin 
used as perfume. Targ. Gen. XXXVII, 25.— Shebi. VII, 6 
Da* (Ms. M/nob; Y. ed. ho*); Nidd. 8 a Blab. [Maim. a. 
oth. take our w. for chestnut or hazelnut, whereas the 
context proves in favor of a resin.] 

.fc^Qiiab, !S')D ! 112^bf.(XaT0ix(a,lautumiae)2ua)T^. 
Ohof. XVII, 3 '51 «;cwfeo Talm. ed. (Mish. swaba; 
ed.'Dehr. Xiiaanba) he who starts ploughing from a 
quarry (where chips of stones, bones &c. are deposited) 
or from a deposit of bones &c; Tosef. ib. XVII, 3 Klba 
SWB ed. Zuck. (read 'BlK|a; ed. Kaari xba, corr. ace). 
[Comment. : = K*aB Nba full of bones; but a is the prefix 
as context proves.] 

■NDlBb, v. -TOWi. 

NrfiI35 f. (">ab) curse. Snh. 48 b -pss n^abi htbI 

(YauJ Kings 172 sinallb) his curse with which'thy father 
cursed him (euphemism for: the curse with which thy 
father cursed me). Nidd. 13 b '"pn 'b WjSn 831*1 does the 
Mishnah(II, l)mean alaw (punishment) or an execration? 

13135, IS'TSb (sec. r. of is*) to curse. Targ. Jud. IX, 
27. Targ. Job Y~, 3; a. e. 

Pe. aiab same. Ih. II, 14. Targ. Jer. XV, 10; a. fr. 

"''□b, &*t35 same. Targ. Gen. V, 29; a. e. -Snh. 48 b , 
v. KrViab. Ber. 7 a tmh» I will curse him. 

™b, v.aab, 

D^DJ m. pi. (b. h.; a*) secret arte, v. Dior*. 

*wt3b, v. s^iav. 

Nb^b, v. rn^cfe. 

■ Mb, y.tfD>. 

ll^ISb f. (p-J?) hammering, furbishing. Kel. XIV, 1 
(Hai Q. : SK&'iab) ; Tosef. ib. B, Mets. IV, 1. 

5 crip-o^ 


anqb, v. WW!. 

rP.TTID5, read : XiS"i"a* f. (XsitoupYta) ^mWtc service. 
Tanh. Vaera, ed. Bub.', 4; Yalk. Ex. 178 /b""3B . . . 1B31S 
0i"l3aa the tribe of Levi was exempt from public service 
in Egypt; (Tanh. ib. 6 -pB rVfiSSa 113S). 

2JI35 (b. h.; cmp. a!*) to polish. Pes. Ill, 4 (48 b ) H&n 
•312£3 UJiabn (Y. ed. -1312S) if the dough shows evidence 
of rising, let her polish it by means of cold water (slap 
the dough with hands dipped in cold water) ; Y. ib. 30 b 
top. Gen. E. s. 23. 

25135, 25" l TDb ch. same, to polish, sharpen. Targ. 
Gen. IV,' 22 Levita.—Targ. Prov. XXVII, 17.— Part. pass. 
BiBb. Ib. 

n 5=n*, not. Y.Maas. Sh.V,beg.55 d p"iap * nab why 
do we not say?— Y. Snh. Ill, 21 b Ol Vast **l for I eat no 
vinclean meat; a. fr.— S3*, rl3*=MK'*; "3*=1JK *. Ib. 
I, beg. 18 a "Wo &i3fi 'Vl that I know not how to judge. 
Ib. X, 28 b bra H3* I will not go. Ib. '31 blai *1 and I 
cannot bear it. Y. Orl. II, 62 c top 'p "i-iast 'b -jam but we 
do not say so. Y. Shebi. IX, 38 d '=1 *Sa btx 'b will I not 
go and make sport of that elder of the Jews ?, i. e. I will 
go &c; a. fr. 

&Ob, tail, v. i*i*. 

fc^b, fcf^b pr. n. m. Laya, abbrev. of Ilai, Hilai (v. 
Fr. M'bo, p. T 75 b ). Y. Ber. II, 5 C . Ib. Ill, 6 d top; a. fr. 

•fcfb, NPWb, 'S^b f. (•*$, i ? b) 1) fa&or. Targ. Is. 
XL, 28 (ed. WU. '*). Targ. Gen. XXXI, 4 2 (ed. Berl. a. oth. 
nis*).— Esp. vain labor, vanity. Targ. O. Num. XXUI, 2 1 
(Y.'3>*; h. text bass). Targ. Is. X, 1; a. e.— 2) earning, 
acquired property. Targ. Deut. XXVIII, 33. Targ. Ez. 
XXIII, 29 ; a. fr. 

tfitb heart, v. sbch. 

X^b, Pi. of sab, v. -ab. 

«3^b, v .abch. 

fcWTb, v. OTai. . 

Dlp^" 1 ?, m. (variously corrupted; Libycus) Libyan 
ass. Sabb.V.'l (5l b ) Dipia*, expl. ib. X3* soan. Kil. 
VIII, 4 (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note); Tosef. ib.V,4 'bin MS sbl 
"iba* nor must you tie the Lybian ass to camels; Sifre 
Deut. 231 dpfiVn (corr. ace). Y.Kil. VIII, 31 c "njrl n"i« 'bil 
Opia-'S ""Sfl some read Nibd'kos (Numidicus); [read:] '(Sa 
diaib Q1B bs 'b 10^ he who reads L. refers to Lubbim (Dan. 
XI, 43) (IIS* dtp, read X">13*, a gloss) ; v. &*>aSaS ; Y. Sabb. 


V, beg. 7 b (corr. ace.).— Gen. E. g. 98 (ref. to Gen. XLIX, 
11) [read:] 1MK 'b.'pieiK 91 firOffi '|Bab to carry the fruits 
of a less fertile vine they harness owe ass &c. (v. : Keth. 

^ISTO, "tylfo m. (nab) blowing, fanning a flame. B. 
Kam. 60" imib'a cnaba),. v. nab. 

■ ^Q" 1 ^ (read: ^Wb) pr. n. £%a in Africa, esp. a 
district of Northern Africa (Libyae nomas) between Egypt 
and Marmarica. Y.Kil. VIII, 31 c 'ba BiNan fiilS prose- 
lytesfrom L.; (Y.Sabb,V,beg.7 b B^ba>,v.TOlba.Oipwy. 

"j 1 ©" 1 5, 25 m. flab II) 1 ) whitening, cleansing. B. Kam. 
93 ^ ili^U) "'lil "'a 'bl is whitening (the stolen wool) a change 
(by which the right of paying an indemnity instead of 
restoring the object is acquired)? Y. ib. IX, begi 6 d ; a. e. 
— PI. Crtisrt, 'ab; 'Vw the days after menstruation 
during which white garments are worn while marital 
contact is still prohibited. Sabb. 13 b '31 Tf^ab laia 
how did he behave towards thee in thy days of white 
garments ?— 2) heating, glowing. Bets. 34 a fii&SI 'b dlttJa 
because it resembles the act of heating; (new) tiles, v. 'fib. 
—Hull. 8 a , v. 1!RTl. Y. Ab. Zar. V, end, 45 b 'b nails (no't 
■p3">b) requires purification by fire (Num. XXXI, 23); 'bm 
'3V~i1S and the heating must be such as to make sparks 
come forth &e. ; a, e. 

I'D V, Snh. 106 s , v.lBDX. 

WISP? foundation, v. X3iab. 

T\#y\lTO m. (preced., v. "jab II) 'b ana teell-balanced 
form of writing, the Samaritan characters (v. Geiger 
Zeitschr. V, p. 117). Snh. 21 b (expl. 11S9 atts). 

: jAabqib, aqib^b, K^brb,. y. «*>#.■ 
.■ "tob, iobrrb, v.ibab. 

Wyb/jpt'-pa-^, v. anrab. 

D IJJ > m. (Ai'pavo^) Lebanon, the mountain range 
on the confines of Syria and Palestine. Targ. Y. I Num. 
XXIV, 6 (not '3ib). 

13^b,v.' ( sa>. 

TVpTOra. (libra) scales. Y. Sabb. VI, beg.. 7* 'b i^a 
'31 SOnil (Ar. nia*>b) to put a pair of golden scales (as 
an ornament) on her head dress.' 

]" l 3"D" l b f. (v. 1371a I) Liburnian ship. Y. Shek. VI, 
50 a to'p (Bab. ed. 'pliib;. Tosef. Succ. Ill, 8 i?"wa). 

. Wb, v.-mifaL. 

/■pjnb, *«»>.._. 

■pJIJpi, Tosef. Kel. B. Mats. V, 13, v. fib. 

p^b, jhyb, *ibf b, ;ib^b, »:f b, v. .ub.^. ■. 

JIM V, Tanh., ed. Bub., B'resh. 24, v. smb. 
T^fut. T<bri,,v. lb\ 

^T< f> (b - h - ^> ^r) 6lVtt > ^"W WrtA.- Ab. Zar. 

I, 3 'bn Dli birthday. Y. Ber. II, 4 d top nsttft. .... "nffix 
.'31 iniib happy he whose time of death is like his time 

of birth, as when he was born he was innocent &c. Sabb. 

II, 6 imiVriSffiB.(or •prf?) in their hour of confinement. 
Nidd. 29 b ;— 'b fiSWa (sub.-rWOlU) subject to the laws 
of cleanness for a woman in confinement (Lev. XII, 2—8). 
Ib. 23 b ; a. it.— PL rriT>b. Y. ib. Ill, 50 c ; a. fr. 


'^RITb, 'lp (AiSo.xot) Libyans. Targ.I Chr. 
I, 11 (ed/Lag. 'pxb, corr. ace); Targ. Y.IGen. X, 13 (h. 

text.dianb), v. 8Mb. 

^yyO. pr. n. m. (Leontens) Leonti, name of an Amo- 
ra. Y. Yeb. IX, end, 10'\ Y, Sabb. Ill, 6 a hot. (Var. .iBSTlb, 

jarb, rapb, v. «tab. 

HP!? f. (Mb IV) evil talk, suspicion: Y. Yeb. Ill, 5 a top 
'31 'b Xixinb xblS 113 in order not to give rise to a suspi- 
cion about the legitimacy of her children; Y. Gitt. IX. 
50 b top. Ib. IV, 45 d top nilb (corr. ace). 

JTTPb, . 

rpibtrb, n^hibsrb, rpbirb, y .«,b^.. 

tfPITb, v. «nnb. 

E n b,v.Mb. 

^ffltrb, v. nwab. ■■'.■' 

p-flZP:? m. pi. (perh. a disguise of flfabifl, or of 
"piiail, v. liaixb) informers or advocates. Y.* Meg. HI, 
74 a bot. (in a secret letter) 'b nii)bU)b 'we 133 we have 
won over three informers (or speakers). 

5$B'D' ,| b, Yalk. Is. 316, read KJpb. 

^")I2"b, 5022 c. (klxpa.) Litra, the Roman Libra, 
a pound; also a measure of capacity (divided into 12 
unciae). Tosef. Ter. V, 11 ; Y. ib. IV, 43 a '31 rYBWXp 'b a 
pound of figs which one pressed &c. B. Bath» x 89 a if a 
person wishes to buy 'b 3>"Q1 'i three quarters of a pound, 
he must not say, weigh for me'3V'b "Wai 'S three quarters 
of a pound, each quarter separately &c. Y, Ter. X, 47 b top 



■pil SlKa XiaS> 'b fTQSI and how much is all. ? One hundred 
zin (v. Will). Ned. 59 a Ci-2a 6 a Litra of onions ; a. fr— P?. 
■pia""^ rvha"^, rTitnB 1 ^, JWBib. B. Bath. I.e. Tosef. Ter. 
1. c' Gen. B. s. 10;*Lev. B. s.22. Y. Peah II, 20 a hot.; a. 
fr— Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. 1, 16 6 iXSrl (not ilB'ty, 'b ittJ"tya, 
iSia-l weights of a half-pound, a third of a pound &c— 
Chald. pi. SO^B^VpT^?- Lev.B.l.c, '=v? yrnni . . . KVn:i a 
pigeon on one side and two L. on the other; Gen. B.l. c. 
— [Y. Ned. yi, 39 d top -nanb, v. Krvna.] 

stf?T)tj" l b f . (preced.) {by the) pound. Y. Ber. II, 5 C bot. 
'b "fin fiaaa" how much is this (meat) a pound?— Pesik. 
R. s. 23 "Cn 'b . . Irpaail and a Jew bought it at a denar 
a pound. 

s^b, v. «*>?. 

itfpb, v. nj. 

^b,rpb, v .^. 
isrb, v.-^. . 

tlj^b m. (ttfo?) dow^7*. Sifre Num. 89 (ref. to -iffiS, Num. 

xi, 8) [read:] maw? ;u?is isaiaa inx iai ■jpiiois ",tibV> mi 

'=1 SHU '?a ffiaim loiOrYl tB^'pri this is short-hand writing, 
one word-sign serving for three words: dough, oil and 
honey, like a dough moulded into cake with oil &c; Yalk. 
ib. 735.— [iB^Wjow, v. 2J^.] 

^b, aBJ^b oh. same, v. *!?. 


W^.b, ton, y. «n;b. 

£©"v I m. ("??) beating (wine and oil) iwfo « mixture. 
Sabb. 134 a '?.*>ya it requires beating. 

fi©" 1 ? II (= SOT* &6) ttere is not, none. Kidd. 21 b 
'bl . . . "TOrlN SttiSS the case requires that he must say, 
'I love my master and my wife' (Ex. XXI, 5), which he 
could not do (if the master were not permitted to give him 
a gentile slave to wife on account of his being a priest); 
ib. 22 a 'bl which he cannot say (at the beginning of his 
servitude). Ib. 4 b wbbA 'bW sa*rl where there is no other 
reply. Ber. 25 a , a. fr. hJia 9al»ab 'V xna from this nothing 
can be proved. Snh. 97 a '31 SBIOlp 'b . . . ttmo formerly 
I thought there is no truth iu the world; a. v. fr. 

l , v. 1B6S. 

P^^b, i 



J. Bath. I, 4, read: bib. 

b*b, Targ. Y. II Deut. XXXII, 10=>^, i 

5"j5, T\TO_ Tn. (b. h.) 1) MJ^rAf, evening; darkness; 
metaph. suffering, misery. Cant. B. to II, 17 rvnaba be *,W 
the misery (of exile) under the governments ; WISH blU'ibib 
the sufferings in Egypt; v. ririiB. Y. Taan. I, 64 a top, v. 
Ipa. Ber. 3 a 'bri h lSl nnaffla 'J the night is divided into 
three watches. Zeb. V, 3 'art. 'bj Bl^b the same day and 
the night following to midnight. Snh. 96 a las MBSSffl 
'b rilDSa Ms. M. (v. Rabb.D. S. a.l.) night-work was done 
for him (the stars helping, v. Jnd. V, 20); a. v. fr. — PL 
niW?, constr. "Ms (also used as a sing.: night-time, v. next 
w.). Ber. I, 5 '!ba at night (in the night prayer). Taan. 
23 a ninail) 'bai nwai 'ba (not Wai) in the nights of 
Wednesdays and Sabbaths. Sifra B'huck. ch. I TOU 'b'a 
na'3'bb every Sabbath night; Lev. B. s. 35 nifOlD 'ba. 
Pes. 71 a ITinsM B"V 'b the night of the last (eighth) day 
of the festival; Succ. 48 a ; a. fr— 2) pr. n. Laylah (ref. to 
Job III, 3), name of the angel of night and of conception. 
Snh. 98 a . Nidd. 16 b . 

fc^b, a^b, constr. W? ch. same. Targ. Gen. I, 5. 
Targ. T Ex. XII,' 42; a. fr.— Ber. 3 b 'Vl rVH3 six hours of the 
night. Ib. '21 'b E)U!3 the night moves &c; v. S]W;— 
PI- T^b, l^b, *tt™V^' K W^J constr. iW. 'Targ. Y. 
Ex. l.'c. Targ. 0. Deut. IX,9 {lb . . ed. Berl. (oth. ed. «. Y. 
lib . . .). Targ. I Sam. XXX, 12. Targ. Job II, 13 «rmW> 
Ms.(ed.-|1lW). Targ. II Esth. IV, 16; a. fr.— Gitt. 57 a . B. 
Mets. 86 a »t;lW Tibn three nights ; a. fr.-^Ma (v. preced.) 
night-timejai night. Targ. Y.I Gen. VIII, 22. Targ. Ps. 
I, 2. Targ. Is. XXXIV, 10; a. fr. — Pes. 2 a (explain. TlX, 
Mish. I, 1); a. e.— [Y. Dem.VII, beg.26 a »M) y>prm, read: 
ttb n^ -ppn*n, v. B, S. to Dem.VII, 1.] 

rfrb, v.y ? . 

: l^" 1 5 f. (v. preced. wds.) '? rivals [night-coal,] name of 
an insect glowing by night, fire-hug . Pesik. E. s. 33 ; Yalk. 
Is. 336. 

fcttTSlbib, v. n^>. • 

Jjlb" 1 ?, ^"0, Sabb. 134 a , v. ^S3. 

^b;b, s^b, v. «v>. 

■>bib, v. rrtii. 

&i:^b,v.w=^. "... 

pb^b, v. next w. 

ri" , < ,n v f. (b. h.; b:?) night-demon, Lilith. Targ. Job 
1, 15 'at riaVa 'b (h. text saffl).— Erub. ioo b '?3 isfflrtisa 
she (woman) lets her hair grow like L.— Nidd. 24 b mm 
'? (a fetus) like L. (with wings). B. Bath. 73 a '? 13 yxnirl 
(Ms.M. sn»^, Var. in ed. a.Mss. sarf^b, SB , ?" , V; StriSlW, 
v. Babb.D.S. a. 1. note), v. 'pa'Tiri. Sabb. 1 5 1 b 'b Iffllnst L. 
will take hold of him. — PI. ^W, "rt^ m - night-demohs. 
Targ. Y. Num. VI, 24. Targ, Y.I Deut. XXXII, 24. Targ. 
Is. XXXIV, 14. Targ. II Esth. I, 2 ; a. e.— Erub. 18 b . 

StfrPTb ch. same. B. Bath. 73 a , v. preced.— Gitt. 69 b 
'?1 N'T! Bashi (ed. xrfp?/l, Ar. ^b)bn), v. K^a II. 

T122* 1 !?, TlEDm.(b..h. 1o]j) teaching, learning, study 
(interch, with Wh>; training; habit. Kidd. 40 b 6ri» bl15 'b 
'31 study is more (than practice), for study leads to practice; 
B. Kam. 17 a ; Meg. 27" (Ms. M. main). Hor. 13 a dTDffia 
';n r.N cause man to forget what he has learned ; ib. b 
'21 'b aiffia brings back to recollection the study of seventy 
years. Ex. B. s. 43 '3 -jlBA (the root rl*V in ffi/1) means 
to teach. Ber. 7 b WTOalsa irm . . . nVTO the ministrations 
(of the disciples to the doctors) of the Law are more val- 
uable than the direct teaching of it. Tanh. Ki Thetse 1 
'31 Trosb fflpaa he seeks for the enjoyments to which he 
has been used and fails to find them ; a. fr. — PI. tPTOiV, 
V"!«a*b, 'hK Snh. 65 b ; Yalk. Deut. 918 (expl. ",31Sa, v. ',«) 
(who says) niBi yah . . . ^VS"b it is usual for the wheat 
crops to»be fine in the ante-Sabbatical years; Tosef. Sabb. 
VII (VIII), 14; Sifre Deut. 171 niBi MVl?. . ,'b the ante- 
Sabbatical years are usually good (in crops) ; Sifra K'dosh. 

Par. 3, ch. vi mfii rvpirib' . . . nitra^. 

wny&b, ywb, 'zab m. P i. (•*>) [junctions,] 

1) mortised shingles or boards used as frames. Kel.V, 9 
'? 1? fittSSI .... 1l5n an oven which came in parts from 
the workshop and which (after being put up) was sur- 
rounded with a frame. lb. VfflB-fc rut p^B ed. Dehr. (oth. 
ed. 'at) if the frame was removed; Tosef. ib. B. Kam. 
IV, 12. Ib. VII, 9 '31 'b .... -nin P1U ys a chimney-flue 
which is lined with boards. Tosef. Pes. VII, 1. M. Kat. 
II, 2 '31 'b 1? illBW he makes a frame of shingles and 
covers the vat that the wine may not get sour; a. e. — 

2) a sort of common bread, 'shingles'. Tosef. Hall. I, 7 ; 
Y. ib. I, end, . r )8 a In^IBB 'b riKlBS if he made the 'dog's 
dough', into 'sbiugles', it is exempt (fiom Hallali); Ber. 
38 a 'is ed.; v. TJS3. 

"piEPj, VETO, Tosef. Bekh. V, 9, prob. a. Var. Lect. 

to n&i?, v. ^si5. 

"pn^, )iyb harbor, v. fab, 

IpWO, Tosef. Dem. Ill, 12, v. tX&b, 

bsS.T2~J (Provencal, corresp. to French limace)S«a«7. 
Gen. E. s. 51, beg., a gloss to ^iD "f'b'O, v. srfiis. 

pb= r H,v.-n. 

■■j^v.^. ■ ' 

). II, 5 a ''?... 'i -psina, 'jiW'jii-iK 

l"D" l 5-f. ("|1?I) night-rest, slaying over night, lodging. 
Y. Maas'r.n, 49 tl top nhlB !-!3">K 'b taking a night-lodging 
(on the road to Jerusalem) does not make Tebel (v.Vdall). 
Ib. nniaiaV 'b fa rta why should there be a distinction 
between a night-rest and a day-station?' — lb. SJisa dix 
'ba one has to put up with a night's lodging (cannot help 

taking it and is contented with an improvised meal) &c, 
v. V&S. Hull. 91 b 'b &ba -BB^.-.p^a this righteous man 
(Jacob) has come to my lodging place (Beth El), and 
shall he be suffered to go without the hospitality of a 
night's rest?— Y. Sot. II, 18 a , a. fr. 'toyteBS become unfit 
for use by being kept over night. Ex. B. s. 1 ; a. fr. — 
Gen. R. s. 60 (ref. to 'fbb, Gen. XXIV, 23, a. y\bb, ib.25) '? 
Haiti TiM'b. .rnx lodging for one,.. for many.— PI. fris'i. 
Num. E.s. 12, beg. (ref. topV-ni.Ps.XC, 1) halt! 'bdlB fri" 
where he (Moses) lodged many nights (Ex. XXXIV, 28). 
Lev. E.s. 20; a. fr. 

SO J* 1 .?, «"P3" , b f. (\iaea.) line ; string. Tanh. B'midb., 
ed.Bub., 23 '31 Vffi riHSt 'b one string of fine pearls ; (Tanh. 
ib. 20 mn&t IrniriB; ed. Const. tTBi,. ed. Ven. Itft, corr. 
ace.) ; Yalk. Is. 316 Naa"^ (corr. ace. ; Num. R. s. 4, beg. 
OiaaS-iS). Cant. B. to I, 10 tMlVa; Yalk. ib. 983 SW^S, 
iOJlio, read: smijJS, v.llli. 

D^b, v 


Yalk. Gen. 127, v. iBpS. 

^Db" 1 !?, n^b^bm. ch.-D->BD^,»-o65e>-. B.Mets. 
84 a , y/xnTODi]:. Vol'i. B. to VII, 26 [read:] 'X.'b'b Slilha 
'31 t|pni 'V p'si that night the robber (with his band) 
marched out, but the guard was close behind them. Esth. 
R. to I, 12 'SI 'Vl "|ln (not niXDOiVl), v. -jn. Lev. B. s. 30 
XBDi? KltlH. TOrCX; Yalk. ib. 651 '31 'b KTBl asrviK that 
robber was captured. Snh. 106 b (in a gentile record con- 
cerning Balaam) 'b OH3B ... 13 when Phineas, the robber, 
slew him; a. e. — PI. '«;aB"*, yatrt, ^aB^, 'BS. Targ. 
Job IV, 11 (Ms. K»OB ..*.). Targ. Jud.V, 11.— Pesik.Shub., 
p. 165 b (synon. with niB^S). Gen. E. s. 60; Y. Shek. V, 
48 d top; a. fr. 

im^'Db" 1 ^, v. preced. 

sTi ! lt2b' , b f. (denom. of BiBBi?) robber's life, lawless- 
ness. Kidd. 30 b '? 1 b ia?a...l3''^ bo whosoever does not 
teach him (his son) a trade, trains him for robbery; a. 
e.— PI. ni^HS" 1 !?. Yeb. 25 b 'b ">"3 BBni he was arrested on 
account of robberies (that had been committed), Snh. 
46 b 'iV SW turned to lawlessness; (Ms. M. N^aB' 1 V? = 

. Y r PBTao ,, b, ynvti&b, read = : rr^ 

; ^Wli2b' l b, 'bb ch.= preced. art. B. Mets. 84 a (ap- 
plied "to Besh'Lakish) VP niWBO^a flXa&i (Ms. P. 
nsisDVa) the (former) robber understands his handicraft 
(knows the nature of deadly weapons). 

b n t2b^b, btaCpb, 'bb (frequ. inoorr. .'trts . .) m. 
(XYJaT/)«)'l) robber, pirate, freebooter, in gen. rover. Targ. 
Y.Gen. XXI, 13.— B. Kam. 57 a , a. fr. -plia 'b, v. ',«;' B. 
Mets. 43 a .; 58 a fabi (corr. ace). Y. Ber. IX, 13 b top; a. 
fr.— PI. ercab 1 *, r^. 'PV Gel >- 'R- s - 64 ( v - ^? n ) ' 1&a: " B 
'31 'b rovers had come to his house and revelled with 
him the whole night. Sabb. 10 a ; Pes. 12 b 'b bsH'Q the 
meal-time of the lawless (prize-fighters &c, crop. VVb); 



a. v. fr.--Ch. forma : 'pB&ii,' k^Btrt (v. rtSBtyii), 'p&iabiK 
Targ. Job V, 5.-^-2) pr. n. m. Lestes (cmp. Roman name 
Latro). Cant. R. to IV, 12; Lev. R. s. 32 'i Spl^i Nil nor 
did they change Joseph into Lestes. :. . - " 

|.n"I3D *m. (Xfj<TT"/]pto^) robbers' retreat, den. Cant. 
B.. to vi, 4''=i -pn 'i . . .. nirpn 'i na (not 'pao-ii). since 

the Lord has broken up the strong den (Egypt's idols), 
how much the more will he break up the weak one (the 
golden calf)! 

TQ(D V, Koh. R. to XI, 2, v. IBS II. 

&r)T3d' l b, 'JTTt^^b, v. ■jiiatpteii. . 
N^D^v. anoi. 

i^b, ar^b, v. ^: ? . . 

*n ; l3^b f. Cs?) work. Tanh. Emo 
good work, v. *yh. 

3 'i (do) 


i. (abbrev. of IJSiiK) Liezer. Y. Sot. Ill, 
19 a top 'i '1 D1D3 (prob. R. El. b. Hyrcanos). lb. rflllBa 
Its'? '1 n« niOTJ (corr. ace; Toma 66 b ..naSM rflDX nixB 
iwist '1 ). — Y. Bets. I, 60 c bot., v. Er. M'bo, p. lll b . 

DTltf^b, v. oiii 

Ti^b,v. 1 ;sii.. / 

- ^S^lB" 1 5 m. (qsi) coupling, joining. Targ.Y. Ex. XXVI, 
4; a. T e., v.'iSii.— B. Bath. 4 a bot. ST 31"ia 'i (Ms. R. 
XB"*i]3) the joining (to the hedge) would be recognized, 
v.^b.—Pl. &l&&"b. Targ. I Chr. XXII, 3 (ed. Lag. NSBi, 
Var. ed. Rahm. ">BBi). 

r^b,"pD^b, v .i : ?ft. 

• DS^b, &£"i3 f. (Xom<U=reliqua)re»!aim?e»",«»'/-ea»-s, 
esp. delinquent taxes. Ex.R. s. 15 '31 'li M31B he remits the 
arrears of taxes, destroys the rolls and leads forth &c, 
v. ypib. Lev. R. s. 1 1 -rials 'ii rQiin nnn!» nsila a province 
that owed arrears to the king; Esth. R. introd.; Koh. 
R. to IX, 7 ?<OBri> (pi); Ruth R. introd., to 1,2 1&&1? (corr. 
ace); Tanh,Emor22; Pesik.m'kah., p.l82 b .— PZ.f&B"ii, , 

apispb, miT&b, f&b t MBSpb, v. sub < P Bi. 


ilL 'J t l25 pr. n. pi. Litsuy, prob. a suburb of Je- 
rusalem. B. Bath. 75 b rYWTa "ii E]iiK (earlier ed. "nail &*>») 
a thousand times the area of L. containing country seats ; 
Yalk. Zech. 568. [Comment, takes *'1S& as numerals = 
143); v. qSB, 

"j2"lb, '"^h, "j^b m. (fli) (irreverent) talker, scoffer, 
jester. Midi-'. Till/to Ps. I, 1 '"«i (TWjjOa (ed.Bub. '~b) 
this proves that the serpent was an irreverent talker — 

PI. d^lpi, T^i, '2?. Y. Ber. II, 4 h bot.. 4 13'pXSJ 111 "pK 
there is no generation without scorners. Ex. R.s. 52 "VMS' 1 !? 
itflffli the scoffers among the Israelites; Talk..ib.'417 T 'i 
inn. Ab. Zar. 19 a ; a. e.— V. jb. 

"|^ n b, X^b ch. same. Y. Ber. II, 5= hot.-PZ. '-p?**, 
iJS^ Y. Snh. VI, 23 b bot. 'Is WO a troop of irreligious 
people; Yalk. Ps. 688 'il ns^O Kin. Pes. 112 b '31 Tin 'il 
(Ms. M. IMS' 1 ? 'i "WXI) for they are scoffers, and may draw 
thee into scoffing habits. 

iTnjiS "5 f. (preced.) scoffing habits, sneering, irony. Y. 
Ber. ii, 5 C bot. 'si nnWirnu 'in &on niup (not nTO^in) 

scoffing is a serious thing, for its beginning brings suffer- 
ing, and its end destruction. Cant. R. to I, 3 'i 1131 friv- 
olous speech, v. Split, lb. 'i iffi> 131 . , . 0333 di* when a 
word of the Law (a religious thought) enters the heart, a 
word of scoffing is removed &c. Num. R. s. 7 ; a. e. 

JSrfiJlpb ch. same. Targ. Koh. II, 2. lb. VII, 4.— 
Meg. 25 b ; Snh. 63 b K"S1 'ia 13 . . 'i te all sneering is for- 
bidden except the ridiculing of idols (by perverting their 
names).— Ab. Zar. 44 a (phonetic etymol. of KJiBa, II Chr. 
XV, 16) 'jWi fcOi'Sa Mini for it (the worship Of that idol) 
carried lasciviousness to an extreme. Pes. 112 b , v. tf$£"b. 

rnp" 1 ,?, 'j?5 m. (npi) purchase. Tosef. Bekh. VII, 5 
'STWK what purchase is this (that exempts from tithes)? 

—Bekh. 56 a nsnaai 'te ijijk , . . . 'ia px -psa na (Tosaf. 

13iJ* ~53 na) as thy children are not obtained by purchase 
or donation,. so are thy sheep. ..not subject to tithes in 
the case of being obtained by purchase or donation. lb. 
yst 1&ina te in 'in purchase takes effect (exempts from 
tithes) on that which is not yet subject to tithes because 
of lacking the required age; a. e.—H.hTWpb, f nif^i, 'pi 
esp. conducting a wife home, legal marriage, connubium 
(v. Deut. XXII, 13, a. e.). Sot. 12 a (ref. to Ex. II, 1) fflBSB 
'i niBSa ni he (in taking her back) went through the 
regular ceremony of conducting a wife home; B.Bath. 
120 a , Ex. R. s. 1 (v. lliISS). Kidd. 22 a (ref. to nnpil, Deut. 
XXI, 11) na -ji U5"i 'i thy connection with her is a legal 
marriage. lb. 50 l: ":l "i&X'i he dare not consummate mar- 
riage (no connubium can take place) even with one of 
the two (sisters whom he betrothed to himself at the 

131 J?" 1 5 m. (Bj3i) collection.— Esp. mass 'b, or ^Blp^i 
the gathering of bones, i. e. the transfer of a body from 
the provisional cave to a permanent burial place, at which 
certain mourning ceremonies are to be observed by the 
nearest relatives; v. Opi. Y. Pes. VIII, 36 b top; Y. M. 
Kat. I, 80 d .top 'S 'i Dlina ia px . . 1^3S»n he who trans- 
fers a coffin from one burial place to another need not 
observe the ceremonies connected with the transfer of 
bones. lb. 'si -'S 'i mTK what is 'bone-collection' in a ritual 
sense? Carrying a skeleton wrapped &c, v. "p&lpSS; a. 
*•.— PI. yalpii. Y. Peah IV, end, 18 c 'te . . . ip the scholars 
have adopted the lighter (less stringent) practice with 
reference to the collections (by the poor, v. api). — ■"iB ! l(S l11 i 
maSS, v. supra. 

"l^T^Im. (b.h.) lion. Snh. 94 b bot.(ref. to nuhb.Is. X, 
30) irinso bTial . . . 56 "Wina of him (Senuaheribj be not 
afraid, but be afraid of Nebucadnezzar who is compared 
to a lion (Jer. IV, 7). lb 95 a 'b 6«n "HX tXTt ial i a how 
can you draw an analogy between these two passages?; 
there (Is. I.e.) layish is used, while here it is ari\ — 

lb. '=1 rvraiB niBIS the lion goes by six appellations 

&c.,v. K"qb; Ab.d'; ib.IIVers. ch.XLIII; 
Yalk. Prov. 959, v. UJ'b; a. e. 

S5 n bll'(b. h.) pr. n. pi. 1) Laph, the northern limit 
of Palestine, called Dan. Tanh. Ki Thissa 14 (ref. to Jud. 
XVIII, 27) ta^afi IT 'b L. is Paneas; ib. E'eh 16; a. e.— 
2) Laisk, or (Laishah), prob. between Anathoth and 
Gallim. Snh. 94 1 ', v. preced. 

- p*fy III dough, v. s-vi;. 

^b, ^b/^b, fi^b, K^b oh. same. Targ. 0. 
Ex. XII, 39 4 (Ms.'l rt; Y. Ktt£b)". Tavg. Y. ib. XVI, 2. 
Targ. Jer. VII, 18 rt ed. Lag.; a.e.— Y. Pes. Ill, beg. 29 d 
ttJibl 'pblaba crumbs of dough. Ab. Zar. 76 b top, v. SSJ'iS. 
B. Kam. 18 a xrta (not nu^ba), v. Dill.— Y. Hag. Ill, beg. 
78 d [read:] art ■proa as if (they drove nails) into 
dough. — P/. /pchb. Targ. Y. Ex. XII, 34 VK-Pttjib (0. ed. 
Berl. -|irtttJ->?, Bxt. TinnsWb). 

"prafflib, v. nwv. 

rTO"0 f. (Bib) kneading. Pes. 45 b 'b talpa that part 
of the vessel where the kneading is done (the interior). 
Y. Sabb. VII,'lO b bot. "ftnahb bs> for kneading it, Y. Snh. 
X, 29 a top Tf&b the kneading of the show-bread ; a. fr. — 
[B. Kam. 18** v. KUK-.] 

HS^b, v. naift. 

xFiiStob, ntttob, v. 

"j©" 1 ^, ND©" 1 !?, '®Jm.oh.=h.yv\,tongue;language; 
expression; meaning; version. Targ. 0. Ex. IV, 10. Targ. 
Y. II Gen. XXXI, 11 Stamp )wh sacred tongue (Hebrew); 
Targ. Y. ib.47 KlOTIp iY>a y&i- ib. XLV, 12; a. fr.— Lev. 

B. s. 33 '21 X3N 121 'b lb pr nx X3X 13 when I told 

thee to, buy me the best thing in the market, thou 
boughtest a tongue, and when I told thee to buy me 
the, worst, thou, bough test a tongue? — Hull. 142 a 'Tl 'b 
'21 he saw the tongue, of E. H. lying on the dunghill. — 
B. Kam.6 b Nbibp 'b (hob for hayab, v. am h.) is the easier 
form (of the Jerusalem dialect). — Kibsa 'b refined ex- 
pression, euphemism. Ber. ll lj ; a. fr. — Ib. 28 a Siani 'b 
Kin has the meaning of breaking. Hull. 3 b masn 'b ~nb 
'31 according to this, thy interpretation that Mi Sabb. 
154 a (inan editorial gloss) Kina'bb according to the latter 
version (max for nirtX); a. v. fr.— MiinK XJlfiib (abbrev. 
»"V>) another version (reads). Ib. 104 a ; a. ft-.— ©">3 1UTb, 

) -I3V' 

XlB^a *l = li. i"in yvs& evil gossip, calumny, denunci- 
ation ; also "WPbn 'b the talk about third (absent) persons. 
Targ.Y. Lev. XIX, 16; a.e.— Arakh. 15 b "Wlrtn bpp 'n 'b 
Ar. (ed. 'pttjb, corr. ace.) the talk about third persons kills 
three persons. Ib. 'a 'b Dlffia na rt . . . Xnbia ba what- 
ever evil is spoken in the presence of the person con- 
cerned is not to be called evil gossip; 'a 'bl XS2T1 pttS ba 
so much the worse, it is impudence and calumny, Ib. 16 a 
'3 'b blffia na trt xnbn . . . xnbia ba whatever has been 
said in the presence of three is not gossip (if repeated 
by one of those present); a. fr.— PZ.'pSttW?, X*S2Ks, "^arb. 
Targ. Esth. II, 22. Targ. II Esth. 1, 2; a.e.— Men. 65 a ,v.^3. 
— Keth. 91 a '31 "WaWi ill") ~5f1 those first two versions; a. e. 

S^rilu^b f., pi. »naji? = XSfb. Targ. Y. Ex. XII, 17. 
Targ.O.ib. 34 ed. BxV. * • 

^b, rP5, iSrpb I(=nix xb) $ere is (ivas) not, none. 
Targ. 0. Gen . II, 5 rv;b'(so me ed. n^b ; Y. rrt). Ib. XLVII, 1 8 
rt.— Targ. Pro v. XXV, 14 rvxb. Targ. Ps. XXX VIII, 4; a. 
fr.— B. Mets. 4 a '21 'b mbb . . . nix nibab the creditor has 
witnesses, the debtor lias none. Ib. 5 a 'nib swbl "a3 xnain 
K^n now, likewise, when E. Hiya's opinion is not adopt- 
ed. Ib. <rt n^b .... nila he does not hold the opinion 
that the admission of the defendent must be of the nature 
of the claim; a. v. fr. — With suffix: Mrf? I (am) not; 
"i 1 ? 1 !?, "n^b, rt thou (art) not; "■rTirt, 'f? he (is) not (no 
more) &c.' Targ. Y. I Deut. XXXII, 1. Targ. Gen. XLIII, 5. 
Ib. 0. XLII, 13. Ib. XXXIX, 9 (Y. rt^n-b) there is none. 
Ib. XXXI, 2; 5 'jlSrt ed. Berl. (ed. yarfb, 'part).- Targ. 
Ps. LIX, 14 "|W^rt e d - L a&- (ed- Wil. '■flirp'bj. Targ. Esth. 
Ill, 8 TiSlrt ; a. ft-.— Shebu. 48 a Plrt i« SiniS...lW1"i|*i« 
finib if the opinion of .... is to be adopted, it must be 
applied in each case ; if rejected, in neither. Keth. 22 a 
■Wirt ini and one (of us judges) is no more. Shebu. 14 lj 

'21 baa Irtlrtl (not in ) which do not occur in the 

Torah, opp. irflrYWI; a. fr. 

^Il^b II, tfrpb m. ch.^h. Wi? I. Targ. Gen. XLIX, 9 
(h. text srab). Targ. Num. XXIII, 24. Targ. Job XXVIII, 8 
(h. text ffinb). Targ. Ez. XIX, 2 (h. text »*ab); a. e. 


], nj^ 1 imperat. of ^bn; v. also Tjb?. 
~0, (TD5 wwfo ttee, v. "b; v. ijtr.i. 

!S22(^3b;cmp. Arab. /aMa,Lat.lacca)^'(«ice of a plant, 
used for dyeing. Pes. 42 b 'bb rt "H3"T Ms. M; margin 
(ed. &«ab ma isasi) (bran- water) which they use as a 
priming for lacca. Hull. 28 a 'bb : . . . isapl its blood is 
used to be mixed with lacca. 

iOb (v. SO) Acre. Targ. II Esth. I, 9. 

"Db (b. h.) fo seize, conquer. Yalk. Ex. 168. 

Nifisbi to be caught, seized. Ib. "ren niab: the city 
was taken. Ex. E. s. 30 '31 irOpTa 'i S)1Dabl and finally in 
his old age he was caught (in the tempter's net), and began 
to be afraid &c. Pesik. E. s. 31 IsbiPl Via"* when will 
she (Jerusalem) be taken?; a. e. 



*Db ch. 1) same, to seize. Targ. Pro v. XXVI, 17.— H)to 

contain. Targ. II Esth. I, 8 Tcb ed. Lag. (ed. Amst. n-,ab). 

JT%e.' nsbnx to be seized, caught. Targ. Koh. VII, 26. 


yD5, Snh. 106% v. nabs. 

0"pb ra. (prob. a corrupt, of Xsuxiazo;) the tvJiite 
mullet. yT B. Mets. II, beg. 8 b , coptrad. to pn\— [Gen. R. 
s. 7 'V nnxi m-n nnx Var. in Ar. s. v. yns&x.] 

NlD'Ob ch. same. Y. Kil. I, 27 a bot., contnid. to IXpTfl. 

J(D5 (cmp. njbsb) io »»•«; thoroughly, to beat oil and 
wine (corresp. to h. tfia). Sabb. 134 a 7^?. «b Ms. M. (ed. 
t£"ib, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) let him not mix it thoroughly 
by beating. 



Pesik. B'shall. p. 92 l 

"tebna, v. Tjba?. 

•jl^Db, 'D* 1 ^ m. (7|b:?b) 1) (=rt&H$>) making palat- 
able by moistening, as dipping into vinegar &c. Y. Ber. 
VIII, 12 a bot. hpffla 'b 13 CttJ nan b= any food -which is 
likely to be moistened with a liquid. Ruth R. to II, 14 
(ret. to '31 nbaal ib.) D^IBSO 'b iTI this is symbolical of 
1he seasoning of (Solomon's) deeds, i. e. of his amending 
his deeds, v. T(?=''?. — [Pesik. Eth. Korb., p. 58 a , a. e, v. 
^binb.] — 2) soiling, staining. Midr. Till, to Ps. XXIII; 
Yalk. Deut. 808 (play on •yd 1 ? Dent. II, 7) SjSlbab "jSltTi 
'31 thy travels, thy getting soiled and thy pains about 
thy support.— PL f Slbsb, '3"v;. Mikv. IX, 4 ; Tosef. ib, VI, 
17 nam ,, : ! 1?=? the (moist j stains of excrements. Ib. 9 
Hint) 'b ed. Zuck. (ed. dbisb, corr. ace.) stains of fruit- 
juice. Ib. 18 ffoa'JJ cnaUJ 'b the muddy sediments in 
the cup. 

iTOI^P?) 'P*5 f.same,l)0fctfwio**s moisture, /mwors; 
vitality. Gen. B'. s.' 61 beg.; ib. s. 48 Ar., v. STrfibnb. Ib. 
s. 79 '=1 *■>? "3 Joan Ar. (read : 'b ;33 Stintl) thou shalt 
go to the grave in the fulness of vigor; (ed, nb Kian, v. 
fib). — 2) thick nauseating substance. Lev. B. s. 14 fiSia 
b bo (of the semen virile). Ned. 66 b , v. |-i§\ 

:|bD!!3, 'D n 3 (cmp. 7j?b) 1) (=hbfib) to moisten; to 
season' by clipping into vinegar &c. Ruth R. toll, 14 (v. 
lyibsbjoijsnbiffisaa'j'airo VBJSa'blO he(Manasseh) amend- 
ed his conduct as if with vinegar (freeing it) from had 
(leeds.-Part.pass.TJ5=-i?a, f .nsbs-iba ipl.&dbz&v ; rvbbsiba. 
Y. Hag. Ill, 78'' npBjW'Vo dipped in liquid, contrad. to 
npiaa ttiba, opp. to vis. Y. Sabb. XII, I6 b top 'ba tax 
npffiaa if the cane is saturated with oil. Ker. IS" MB^-J 
'31 bs .'ba the drop with which the nipple is moistened; 
a. e.— 2) to soil, stain; to defile. Midr.Prov. to XI, 22 ; Yalk. 

Prov. 944 (ref. to Prov. 1. c.) B"«a isbsba S'M bx if 

thou puttest a golden ornament on the nose of a swine, it 
will soil it with mud &c. ; mmn r« Tjbsba . . . fi"n ~p so does 
a scholar . . . soil his learning ; (Midr. Prov. I.e. bpbpa). — 
Part. pass, as ab. Yoma 77 lj '21 tlttbblba IT* "PSi Ms. M. 2 
(v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 100) if his hands are soiled &c. 
Gen. R. s. 65 'ba a-naaa lfflaffla Vntl I used to attend 
him in soiled (working) garments. Ex. R. s. 22, end (ref. 
to Job XVI, 17) '31 blJ3 'ba VTHB ''a he whose hands are 
soiled with robbery, will call .... but not he answered. 
Ib. s. 27, end nrH333 ''-a soiled with sins. Lev. B. s. 1, 

Hithpa. ^bsbnfi, Nithpa. T^diri 1) to be moistened, 
flavored. Pesik. B'shall., p. 92 b -1 Vn psbsbna (not pbabna) 
they were perfumed with the moisture of the herbs &c. ; 
v. SSSS; Yalk. Deut. 850.— -2) to be soiled. Y. B. Kam. Ill, 
3 C vV's ttbabra (not ibsbsM; Bab. ib. 30 ;1 12333) if his 
garments were soiled. Gen. B. s. 65 ni3ll33 7|?3bna defiles 
himself with sins. Ex. B. s. 23 ; Cant. R. to I, 5 rcbabrta,' 
v. &353. Esth. R. to II, 7 !nxalB3 ipobsins I became soiled 

tjjp 3 eh. same, 1) to moisten, saturate. Part. pass. 
tjtebo.' Y. Meg. Ill, 74 a bot. StniiniiQ 'ba saturated with 
knowledge.— 2) to soil. Y. Ab. Zar. V, 45 a top (expl. hips 
pi sediment, Mish. ib. 10) 7|baban »inna it means that 
remnant of wine which soils (is thick, with ref. to naps, 

"pb, v. ",3 I h. 

*pDD3, Y. Kil. I, 27 a bot , v. psb'ta'H?. 


vDtp m. the woolly substance of cedar twigs, used for 
wicks!' Sabb. II, 1 (Ar. Bib), v. "^wi a ..SWiS. 

SSFpb f. (->nj going, thrusting forward, xsrrai 'b 
thrusting forward and pulling home, a bolt or pin attached 
to a cord for fastening the panniers, barrels &c. which 
hang down on each side of the beast of burden. Sabb. 
102 a 'al 'bbit applies to thrusting a bolt which you can 
pull hack by the cord in your hand ; [Bashi reads: SUjna 
rope.]— Ib. 154 b '\a 3"X (Ar. some ed. NKiG^a pi) ov 
when the burdens are fastened with a bolt (which you 
can pull out without touching the animal). 

nVrrob, nbn?pb, v . rf ? ™. 

5^53-? I wherefore?; v. xa. 

itQbll, ND-> (=»a st-)naugM,vanity. Targ. 1 Sam. 
XII, 21. ! Targ. Is T . II, 22 ;' a. e.-V. ha*3. 

WTmb, v. x^nab. 

v ~\"T£b the letter Lammed. Y. Sabb. VII, 9 b bot. Y. 
Meg. I, 7i c bot., v. naisnx. Y. Yeb. I, 3 a npnxtB nan bo 
'31 'b a noun which would require the prefix Lammed (to) 
and has it not, is given a Hi as suffix ; Gen. R. s. 86 ; a. fr. 

^ . 7 

"^3^ I> *7Q% ( 1) fo &e ./owed, affixedto, v. Pi.— 
2) fo accustom, train. Part. pass. iai, f. STttab ; pi. di-«iab, 
■pwb; njisiab. Y. Ter. IV, 42 d 'b KiniD niaa according 
to what he is used to. Lev. E. s. i '31 r^Sa 'b OT she 
is not used (to handle T'rumah) from her father's house. 

Dem. IV, 4 '31 'b OKI but if a priest or the poor 

are habitual guests at his table. Sifra K'dosh. Par. 3, ch. 
VI, v. "TOPb; a. fr.— 3) to learn, study. Ab. II, 5 jwran Kb 
'31 *iab he who is bashful will not learn, nor can the hot- 
tempered teach, v. ^3. Ib.IV,l trtX b=a laibn he who 
learns from everybody, lb. 20 lb" 1 'bn he who studies at 
an early age; pi 'bn who begins to study at an advanced 
age.. lb. I, 9 "piiib ! rrab';:. .... XaSJ lest through them 
(your intricate cross-examinations) they may be led to 
tell a lie. Taan. 7 a ; Macc.l0 a '31 ttd nain I have learned 
much from my teachers, more from my colleagues, and 
most from my pupils; a. v. fr. — B. Mets. 71 a , a. fr. xn 
Fttn? here you learn, i. e. this proves. [Targ. Esth. I, 1 
"rob HT» ',SOa from this you will learn.] 

]%.^\,*i®*kl)tojoin;to arrange. Sabb.l25 b d!nabl IKS 
go out and place them (the building stones) in order (for 
sitting thereon the next day).— V. d^iffiib.— 2) to train, 
accustom. Hor. 13 b '31 lass dIK 1Kb 1 ; man should train 
his body (to relieve his bowels) early in the morning &c. 
Nidd. 66 b '31 -jira BIX "rail dbisb man should make it a 
rule in his house; a. h.—Part. pass. "iaiba, f. n'lalba; 
pi. tfnajlba, )iysfbq; nvTEfibK trained, experienced. Snh. 
109 a top (in Chald.'dict./xih 'j'TMa 'ba 1 ! for he has ex- 
perience in miracles. Taan. 25 a . Succ. 29 a M3aa 'baffl ij&a 
p (not ^MSaa; Ms. M. I^iaia}) because they (the Jews) 
have experience in afflictions; a. e. — 3) to teach, instruct; 
to argue. Keth. 50 a Wiabal . . . laibn he who studies the 
Law and teaches it. Pes. 11 2 a iTYlfl Wab teach me the 
Law; ?i"!Bba ^K I will not teach thee. lb. ..isba rWttto 
'31 'IrYTsft . . when thou teachest thy son, teach him from 
a revised (correct) copy. Snh. 19 b '31 "h flttjal ibi 'finK 
Aaron begot (his sons), but Moses taught them, therefore 
they are recorded under his name ; a. v. fr. — nipljip. Taba 
primary teacher. lb. 17 b . B.Bath. 21 a 'n "''Taba teachers. 
— bs ni31 '*> to argue in favor of, to plead for; nam 'b 
to plead against, Sabb. 32 a 'rcba inKl . . . Biiaba . . . 'i&SI 
bisil HOI TbS and even if nine hundred. . .plead against 
him, and one (good deed) for him, he will be saved; a. 
v. fr. — Esp. (in textual interpret.) to lead, hint, throw 
light on. Sifra Emor Par. 4, ch. IV . . . affiin naix vr"n 
' '31 affiinn b" '^bl *^31S5 S3 1 might have thoughtfosAaS (Lev. 
XXII, 10) meant one hired for a limited period; there- 
fore sakhir (ibid.) comes in to throw light on toshab that 
it means one bought for life; Kidd. 4 a ; Yeb. 70 a . — Sifra 
introd. IBbb bbm p SSi is specified for the sake of il- 
lustration, v. bba. MeiL l l b , a. fr. ynaba 'ps . . . trams ijib 
two verses which coincide (teach the same),prove nothing, 
cannot serve as an illustration for similar cases; a. fr. 

Hithpa. labffi to practice. Gitt. 24 b ; Zeb. 2 b D^SKO 
'31 labrllnbi ta^llCSn it treats of scribes who ar« in the 
habit of writing documents merely for practice. Gitt. 
60 a na 'bnnb . . airsb to write one portion of the Penta» 
teuch for a child for practicing purposes; a. fr, 

lpb II m., .JTiab, fiTabf.l) accustomed. Taiih. 
Noah 2 T 'b nine na T ('b!ij nafwhat each was used to eat 
(ed. Bub. ib. hsiab). — 2) (of persons) learning, arguing: — 
PL ynd>, 'iab. Nidd. 22 b naain 'b y>K . . . ib"S b3 from an 
analogy of textual words (v. FT".! 3) which are not, free for 
interpretation (being necessary to the subject proper), 
you cannot derive any general rule; ib. "paiiaai 'b we 
may derive a rule, but it is open to argument; a. fr. — 
d^asfl ijsb 'bn those who were permitted to argue before 
the scholars (e. g. Levi before Rabbi). Meil. 9 b ; Snh. 17 b 
(v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 3). Men. 80 & ia*i i:sb 'V. — 3) (of 
subjects) having light th'roivn upon, defined. Pes. 25 b , a. e. 
i*>n (a proverbial phrase: behold 
acher and turns out a learner) this 
.ight (on the case of a violated be- 
same time receiving light. — Sifra 
something which is clearly uhder- 
■Y. Kidd. 1, 59 a S-rT<»b, Miias 
of the Ibriya (that a 

mabb : « 

this one comes as a 
is intended to thnn 
troth ed) and is at t 
introd. IJiiSSa 'bn f. 
stood from the contt 

miasa 'b i-iasi ")->-iiri n 

Hebrew handmaid can be acquired by a written, deed) 
is learned from that of a free woman, and that of the 
Ibri (the Hebrew bondsman) from the" Ibriya; 'b XSa3 
'iba consequently a case may be illustrated by one itself 
defined (only indirectly) by analogy; a. fr. 

whereto?, v. f 


nab «%?, v . na. ■'■''•'.' 

f\uO (v. Nab II) naught, vanity. Gen. B. s. 2 (ref. to 
inn, Gen. 1, 2) dlbd sbl 'bb n^ilii who was reduced to naught 
and nothing (on account of his sin, v. b^Sl). Y'lamd. to 
Ex. V, 4, quot. in Ar. (play on nab ib.) 'b 6311311 'b dn« 
you are vanity, and your words are vanity; Yalk.Ex. 176 
D3"iiai 'b dns 'b. Cant.B. to I, 7 (play on nablB,ib.) »?U3 
'31 liisa 'b nbl'N that I may not appear a nonentity in 
the sight of &'c., a. e. 

35^25 (b. h.) pr. n. m. Lemuel, homiletical surname 
. of Solomon. Cant. B. to I, i iaba bxb" d3ffi 'b (not labbsa) 
he was surnamed L. because he spoke against God in his 
heart (saying, I may take many wives and yet not be 
seduced to sin); Koh. B. to I, 1. Num. B. s. 10. 

1^120, v. lab. [-nab Targ. II Esth. I, 8 ed. Amst., v. 

-nab, D-'iiiab.piab, v . ^ mri. 

TTTHJt. (lab) study. Yeb. 109 b (ref. to Deut. V, 1) 
'ba W n^lBSa 15ura ba whoever is bound to execute 
(the laws) is bound to study them; Yalk. Deut.829. 

^□b, "ja^b, yfrb m. (hw) haven, bay. Esth.B. 
to. I, 8 'si naspaa rns 'ba mbis i^n n^BO ■'naj.two ships 

attempting to enter the harbor (from different directions) ; 
one desires a northern wind &c. Y. Yoma III, 41 a BJiab. 
IS-vbtB the harbor of Japho. Y.Gitt. I, 43 b bot. ^la.nsiab' 
■pnep.of Csesarea. Gen. B. s. 8.1 'ba nialS sn.nia/i .,.,. dx 
if a man wants, to. build a. ship able to stand in the 


harbor; (Yalk. Vs. 876 Waa).-— Erub. IV, 2 (4t 1> ) 10333 
■ja?? Ar. (ed. ?a3?).' Ex. B. S..48, beg.; Koh. R. to VII, 1 
(ref. to 'the day of death' &c. ib.) it is like two sea-faring 
ships '31 '?n ' ( a mail nnx one leaving the harbor, and 
one entering it; Midr. Sam. ch. XXIII; (Yalk. Kob. 973 
?a3). Koh. R, to VI, 5; a. e. 


ch. i 

ae. Y. Ber. Ill, 6° hot. 

tihftb/U'O (transpos. of ?a?a, v. ?ki; cmp. -Ms?) 
to taffi against, murmur, sneer. Pesik. R. s. 6 -'"b &b "PS 
'3VD1X no longer did any one talk behind Moses. Ib. 
paW?a (not pX?a?a); Yalk. Kings 184; (Ex. R. s. 52 
Qiiriaj. Koh. E. to VIII, 8 '=1 on^sa p?a?aa (fr. ?aHa); 
Bam. E. introd. (R. Han. 1) OiifJbaa sneering with their 
mouths; v. 113.'?. 

DQ5 (v.OaII)M?ifo tribute, tributary (usedhomiletic- 
ally as an independent word). Lam. R. to I, 1 imt) (ref. 
to oa? nn^n, ib.) oa? nnvr-312? t"s pkiiiji lias© is? 
paO ,K"iil Oa? K"<n because the Israelites worshipped idols 
(?aO), therefore she (Jerusalem) became tributary, the 
letters of VaO and 0a 1 ? being the same; ib. [read:] rCSSl 
■300 Oa?1 the inversion of Oa? is ?aO. Ib. Kin W Sin 
'31 '? the numerical value of W (130) is the same as 
that of Da?. Ib. xa?1 N0a> ilax pail (v. Oa I) but the 
Rabbis explain lamas, unto melting of the heart (she be- 
came faint); v.Stol. 

DJ2" (00a) unto Mm who refuses (used homiletic- 
ally as an independent word, meaning in Greek) dog. Sabb. 
63 b (ref. to Job VI, 14, v. Targ. a. 1.) '? aba? pilp i"?3 pUJ 
for in Greek they call a dog Ims (?). [The sentence is an 
interpolated gloss, v. Y. B. Kam. VII, end, 6 a ; Keth. 96 a ; 
Gen. R. s. 76, end. The interpolator may have had in 
mind Xfjqxot; 'a plague 1 , used as adj. in LXX for piWpa.] 

"ISD5 m. (Ka\j.rA<;, -aSo?) torch, light, lamp. Targ. 
Y. Ex. XX, 2 11511 '? lamp, XBPX1 '? torch.— Gree/c ^e«- 
tM»e: 01 Sa?. Y. Yoma III, 41 a top (ref. to Dan. V, 5 ; v. 
LXX) '? bap 1 - . . . 0?ipS dim (not D1 . . .) Aquila trans- 
lates likbel nabrashta: opposite the lamp. 

■-&*©!!3b,0-|&Db, v. preced.. 

"pb m. pi. (lanae) woollen garments. Y.Snh.II, 20 c 
bot. "jl^l '? (not pi?; corresp. to KlaSI "pplpn in the 
second. version ib.). . 

13Db = -,5S tub. Y. Peah III, 17 d top '31 plait '? na'?l 
(abbrev. 'ax, v. R. S. to Mish. ib. Ill, 6) and,.wby do we 
not say . . . 1VP1 (in place of pW)? ...... 

, jlWDj (sub. 1X2, pl?n> m. (orig.=nai&?, used as an 
independent .if from a root K&p,,cmp. Oab) the thin 
web loom by loose women ( = pinn nKXT> pto pi?n, Kel. 
XXVIII,?, v. ■pin II); in gen. fine veil. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 b 
bot,(expl..DiT'Ti i Is.III ) 23) '31 laVil na3 '? it is the dress 
of the ill-reputed, as we read (Cant.V, 7) they took my veil 

&c. (believing her to be a harlot). Ib.XIII, beg., 14 a "pirn 
'31 ?|1&a 'iSS 'b (not na^D?) as regards the thin web, even 
the finishing (adding the fringe) is considered an act of 
weaving (in the Sabbath law). Y. M. Kat. II, 81 b top pim 
'3V'? pina decided concerning (the sale of) stuff for veils 
(during the festive week) &C—PL niaiO?. Y. Sabb. IV, 7 a 
top, v. C)ri.-Chald. form : K^aiO?. Y. B. Mets. IV, end, 9 d . .'1 
'?3 p"bS nm . . R. A. was engaged in weaving veils. Ib. 
'b p'-isa pa what dare we do with those veils (dare we 
use means to give them a fine appearance)? 

VEbb, DTapb , 

(Dt2&b,) Dt-Dv, ( of Ceoi?) to attack, as a 
frce-booter, to commit robbery. Ex.R.s. 1, beg. Oatppa n^n 
rYPian nx attacked and robbed the people. Snh. 72 a XSH 
'31 OoOpal d"on rittJIB? he will go out to the cross-roads 
and rob &c. ; Yalk. Dent. 930. 

WCb, v. naioV. 

n&^ f. (contr. of nos?, v. OS?) 'cheek, jaw. Nidd. 23 b ; 
Y. ib. 'ill, 50 c tat.— PL nino?. Nidd. 1. c. Y. Yeb. XVI, 
beg. 15 c . Sabb.l51 b ; Lev. R.V. 18, beg.; Koh.R. to XII, 2 
(expl. Diaaiart ib.) '?n 01I5K1) 1?X that means the flesh- 
covered cheek-bones. 

I Nrpb, 'Ub ch. same. Targ. Y. Deut. XIV, 9. Ib. 
j XXXIV, 7. Targ. Job XL, 26.— PI. Xnop?. Targ.Lam. Ill, 
J 30, Targ. Is. XXX, 28; a. e.— [Targ.Yob III, 9, v. «rfci.] 

j »5>b, v. ^. : ■ 

| D^b, Hif. aislpn (b. h.; cmp. is?) to mock, talk las- 

j civiously (with a)".— Y. Sot. ill, i9 a naia nas^ai nausv 

j '31 who sits down and quotes Biblical phrases in a las- 

I civious manner (e. g. Gen. XXX, 16). 

| D?b, Ithpa. asppS ch. same. Targ. II Kings II, 23. Targ. 
| Jud. Xlx, 25 (ed. Lag. ia;Sni«, v. 3^S).— Targ, Hab. I, 10 

as?pH (some ed. as'-na,'-n). 

D^5, n" 1 -^ m. (preced.) sport, mockery. Targ. Jer. 
XX, 7 (some ed! 'b). Targ. Ez. XXXVI, 4 (li. text iS?). Ib. 
XXII, 4 (Levita iV?), v. i?s ch. 

I JI!P5 (b. h.; cmp. preced. wds) to jest, mock. P'esik. R. 
s. 34 '31 PS Wis; Slffl? in vain did we deride, their words. 
Hif. i^Spn same. Y. Peah 1, 15 d top (ref. to Prov.XXX, 
17) '31 pS hlispnuj fs the eye that mocked at the law 
commanding to honor father and mother and despised 
the law (Dent. XXII, 6) &c. Erub. 21 b (ref, to inp^Koh. 
XII, 12) '31 b$ i^Span P3 whosoever derides the words of 
the wise, v. i?p. Gen. R. s. 94 ",fiiHirBffla ■ OiiiS&a. spoke 
lasciviously. Esth. R. toIII,9,'31i:nispi"'? , !:a they deride 
us and our religion. Num. R, s. . 1 6 ?b '..WSlsSi 'they, spoke 
irreverently of me. y.Nsw.'J, beg. 51 a [read :] V$ro 'fn ina 
'31 IKinipS how is this? Does he mean it sarcastically, 
i or does he mean to say, I will be a Nazir like them? Yalk, 
Ex. 250 li?S nisba p"ni11 and the Spirit of Holiness laughs 



J?5, Af. S^sis, Pfl.^si oh. same. Targ. Jer.VIII,18. 
Targ. is. XXVIli, 11. j 

J?" m. (b. h.; preoed.) sport, mockery. Erub.21 b (ref. ! 
to Koh. XII, 12, v. SSi) '31 'i a^Pa ^a does the text read 
la'ag (mockery)? does it not read lallag (thought)?; v. 

rob n 


!. Targ. Jer. XX, 8 (ed. Lag. 3->si) ; v. 

i. (tsi) speaking a foreign tongue, esp. Greek. 
Y. Meg.' II, beg" 73 a 1S;3 H3 SSli '7.1 SirciriS miP3 nnin 
if the Book of Esther was written according to law (in 
Hebrew), the Greek-speaking (reading from it) in Greek 
(translation) performs his duty.— PL nitisi. Mish.ib.II.l 
'31 wfthl ts;3 % Sims* ytnip T. ed. (Bab. a. Mish.nitsiii) 
it is read to those speaking a foreign tongue in their 
tongue, but the foreigner that heard it in Hebrew &e. Y. 
ib. IV, 75 a bot. Tosef. ib. IV (III), 13 'i its rt>:=n rp3 
(Var. nitsi) in a synagogue of foreigners; a. e. 


-PI. * 

i?b" B 

. Mace. 6 1 ' '31 'i lflSri for- 
eigners (not speaking Chaldaic) came to court before 
Baba. , 

D'Wb, "pD'S'b, "?b m. (Artiplex 
Hortensis, v. Low Pfl. p. 274). Kil. I, 3; Y. ib. 27 a , expl. 
"■"Won 'having eyes' or 'colors'. — [Sabb. 90 a ; Nidd. 62 a , 
v. ™?T-] 

W? (b.h.; cmp.ssi) [to fott, babble $ l)to speak a for- 
eign tongue, spe«& Greek, Meg. II, 1 tsii, pi. nitsii, 
v. tisi. — 2) (v. Tift IV) fo faZi against, criticise, cast suspi- 
cion. Pes. 51 a; 31 is l"is fits; the entire country criticised 

Hif. rsiri same. Y. Shek. V, 4 in some ed. of Talm. 
Babli yvwS*, v. ffli IV. 

i. (preced.) 1) foreign tongue, esp. Greek. Meg. 

'i3 the laaz (of Mish. II, 1) means Greek. Ib. 
1311 'i3 rOireaj Ms. M. (ed. rW) written in Greek (trans- 
lation). Ib. 'i i33 in any foreign tongue. Y. ib. I, 7 1 lj 
bot.; Y. Sot. VII, 21° top; Esth. B. to I, 22, v. "rat I ; a. fr. 
— 2) evil talk, disrepute. — is 'i x^sin fo spread evil talk 
against, to cast suspicion, discredit. Kidd. 81 a .Nfin Kits 
rp33 is 'i Kisia that you may not (by punishing her for 
private meeting with a man, v. Iltf?) cast suspicion on 
the legitimacy of her children. Snh. 43 h is 'i K^sin ix 
'31 do not discredit the decision by lots; a. fr. 

"ft?^ abbrev. of Itsis, q. v.— [Y. Sot. Ill, 19 a top, v. 

ItS-iiV T 

T £'2?t>(b. h,; cmp. Bsi) to swallow, glut. Deut. B. s. 1, 
beg. (ref. td nirini, Ez.XLVII, 12, cmp. Men. 98 a ' STfrli 
BToist lis) '31 fisa^rl BSlil dix xlruS ia is whoever is 
tongue-tied and eats greedily of it (the Law), will 4 have 
his tongue loosened &c. I 

Hif. H'wTpri to feed an animal by putting food into Us 
mouth, contrad. to B3X. Sabb. XXIV, 3 "faisia iax but | 

you may put food into the camel's mouth; Gen. B. s. 63 
(with ref. to iJDisirl, Gen. XXV, 30) ; Num. B. s. 2 1 . Tosef. 
B. Kam. VI, 17, ib. Hull. Ill (IV), 19 '31 tvriin .TJi9>rl if 
he made the animal eat asafoetida &c; a. e. — B. Kam. 
69 a '31 SIBli iria^sin let the wicked (robber)glut it and die. 

i« «?~ a mnemonical word, intimating 3i, D-O^S, ilrlli. 
Ber. 51 a fisi a"sii it is good for the heart, the eyes and 
the milt. 

"'??, \X$Z> (v. ixi) 1) to labor, work; to study. Targ. 
Y. Gen. Ill, 18; a. fr.— Targ. Prov. XVI, 26 X^si.— Lev.K. 
s. 32 niX3I3 isi work right (Tanh. Emor 24" niSSii). Ib. 
s. 34 &1J.31 ^si ii?X HX tvi why doest thou not go working 
and have something to eat?— Y. Keth. V, 30 b top yovkl 
i-si because they are working beasts. Y. Sabb. VI, 7 d bot. 
xrpilixs n si Xlftl that he might be able to study the 
Law; a. fr. — Y. Erub. I, 18 d top '=l STnP3 ansil (cmp. 
-nafl for ^aft) and he studied (repeated) it after him 
forty times; ib. nnisil (read i-pnsil).-2) to be tired. Targ. 
Y. Ex. XVIII, 18 ^siTi xSi">a Ar. (ed. iron irwa; O.hxiia 
"win). Targ. Lam. V, 5. Targ. Prov. XXVI, 15 "-Sxied. 
Lag. (oth. 1?i); a. e— Lam. E. introd. (B. Isaac 3), v. ■jila. 
— Y. Gitt. VIII, beg. 48 c ; Y. Ter. I, 40 b "tti Sim and he 
became tired (ceased from raving). 

Af. isix to tire out, ruin. Targ. I Chr. XVII, 9 isiai 

y*sb, v.3-i. 
r^v..s V . 

TV&Jb f. 


J f. (BSi) putting food into a 

~ l "-?< pr- n. m. La'yi, name of a Tannai. Y. Dem. I, 
beg. 21 c ; (Tosef. ib. I, 3 Wix, cmp. si^K). 

b^b, ab^b, v. y*. 
rn:^b, v. rw^i. 

nO* 1 "? f. (Osi) pop or paste; "pO^lS Hd^si pap made 

HO^V m. ch. same. Y'lamd. to Deut. beg., quot. in 
Ar. '31 'i ]-nn d^lX remove this paste from off thy eyes 
(said to a bribed judge). 


H!3?b I pr. n. m. 'i *% Ben La'anah. Y. Snh. X, 28 a 
top '; -p 11S10; (Koh. B. to XII, 12 Sisn p IBB).' 

nj*?? II f. (b. h.; Arab, la'an fo cwse) bitterness; 
wormwood. Tanh. B'shall., ed. Bub.j 21; Yalk. Ex. 258, 


fcti?13?bch. same, bitterness. Targ.Y. II Deufc. XXIX, 

D-?> (cmp. BS? a, i21?) to efew, masticate. Sabb. XIX, 2 
'31 WBH 051? one chews (cumin for a plaster) with one's 
teeth and applies it. Tosef. ib. XII (XIII), 8 Vpsi? ft* 
'31 you must not chew gum-mastich on the Sabbath. 
Tosef. Pes. VI, 11 '31 IS t>S1?l . . . Ilia? lalS ISaffins (not 
OiS?'?) when the attendant gets up from the table to mix 
the wine, he must close his mouth and chew (the meat 
of the Passover lamb) until &c. Pes. II, 7 D1S OVz* X? 
'31 one must not chew wheat (on Pesah) and put it on 
one's wound; a. e.— Part. pass. D1J*. Y. Ter. VIII, 46 b 
bot., v. 5*3. , 

t>3?b ch. same. Targ. Koh. XII, 3. 

"iSb, v.fBbch. 

fcOTS^. m. (13?, cmp. Ttk) pap, esp. of figs. Sabb. 37 h 
bot. (Alf.'xnai-:). B. Mets. 84 h '? ^a rms sixty kinds 
of pap.— PL i?S&. Ned. 50 b (expl. fOBta) 'yH3S"r. . .Wa 
''? ",W3a a "species of figs of which pap is made. Ib. N3?X 
'? wa 

*&t]HSb m., prob. to be read: r*nB>? jtf. (v. "n Efc) stae- 
yofe. Targ. Y. II Num. XI, 8. 

"neb, v. T ? b. 

D1£)5j according to, v. MB. 

.VQ'lDb m. pi/ kettles, v. das. 

"©5 according to, because, v. Si?. 

n Db, Stf£>b to jfom. 

J./ - . iB;X (cmp. lab) to arrange. Targ. Y, Lev. VI, 5. 

-Ty>b m. (b. h. ; cmp. pth)apot in which light is carried 
(v. Maim, to Kel. II, 8 a. Ar.'s. v.); torch. Kel. II, 8 '?n (R. 8. 
IIS?) the light-pot.— Midr. Till, to Ps.LII(ref.toGen.XV, 
17) '31 Slim N?X 'S yw torch means the Torah &c. (with 
ref. to Ex. XX, 18); a. e.— PI. d"if B:.Snh.l08 b ( f SV, 
Job XII, 5) words '?3 Qiffip DS11B as hard as light-pots.— 
Trnsf. lightning, flash.— PI. as ab. Mekh. Yithro s. 9 (ref. 
to Ex. 1. c.) '? ifBji mVip ">5lp various sounds and various 
flashes; Vii ''? nasi . . nasi were there various kinds of 
sounds? various kinds of flashes?; a. e. 

TS5 ch. same. Gen. R. s. 30 (ref. to T> B?, Job XII, 5) 
irb '? Vn? IIIS 'ploK " ( an (Ar. IB?) there (in certain places) 
they say (instead of) 'he has a crier' (that walks before 
him) : 'be has a torch' (carried before him), i. e; he is a 
distinguished person. 

"]UKTD5, Tanh. ed.Bub. B'resh.24,Var. yoioa?, read: 
-p3-i-iisb m. pi. (leporinae, sub. lanae) garments made of 
hare-wool; (cmp. Gen. R. s. 20 aTsrus las). 


as, v. na a. T,S) therefore." Pes. X, 5. 
Keth. 2 a ; a. v : fr. . ' _ ' ; 

«CnB-b, v. SWV. 


^H J£p> m. (!)B?) glutinous substance, pus. Mikv. IX, 2 
■p:?? ymb '"? pus sticking around the eye; ib. 4."pS3ttJ '? 
in the eye, on the eye-lids. 

HB'DSplp ch. (preced.) pulp, soft portion of cabbage. 
Y.Ter. X, 47 IJ bot. ttB&sh am na^S -,a 3D take (for thyself) 
from its trunk and give (as T'rumah) its pulp. 

■qb!?, i^eb, o^eb, v. d^s. 

DDp c. (DBS, cmp. CIS 1 ?) a tightly covered pot, stew-pot, 
v. DeS'x! Y. Hag. II, 77 d top [read:] Vitrei Slttl 'S3, v. 
&$?!*.' Y. Shebi. VI, end, 37 a pf ?C5 inx '? a stew of veg- 
etables. Peah VIII, 4 iOS&a out of his stew. Y. Ned.VI, 
beg.39'' '?? HlVSI a dish prepared in the stew-pot; (Bab. 
ib. 51* OS?-!!*? -fivn ; Tosef. ib. Ill, 2 OSS^a VBWn). Hull. 
84 !1 [read:] '31 IDSV? np" 1 may buy for his stew a litra of 
&c; a. fr.— PL S^ps"?, T&8?. Tosef. Sabb. XVI (XVII), 13 ; 
Y. Bets. IV, 62 1 ' bot," v. EPS. Eduy. II, 5, v. n^i-PX; a. e. 

5tf&£>5 ch. same. Y. Peah VIII, 20 rt bot. X1J *,a n^Jpn 
'S gave 'the T'rumah out of the stew-pot. Ib. VII, 20 a 
bot. n*Wl ISSl X&iB? (read: XOBib; Keth. H2 a IBS OB?iX 
IJiSl) the pot of K'far H. (which was very large). Ib. 

VIII, 21 a bot. 'si Sin '? " ( a tp^S does not the dish 

originally come out of the (earthen) pot? Eat (now) 
of it, v. XXBV— PL X*bB?. Targ. Y. 1 Num. XI, 8, v. 

"|D5D> m. (pieced, ws.,; cmp. Xai|»dwn]) charlock, a plant 
resembling the mustard plant. Kil. I, 5. 

^Db (cmp. ">$>) to «&"«#■ to, to clasp. Tanh. B'har 3 (ref. 
to nBP^l, Ruth III, 8) IPlBBt she clasped him; Ruth R. to 

i. c. rnrtns msa? (some ed. inns?), v. mitn. 

Pi. C|BV 1) same. Bekh. 41 a (interpret.' PB^) hBBfeaffl 
'31 nsbim it continues to cling (to the body) to the day 
of death, v. supra. Sot. 3 b (play on mB?i, Job VI, 18) 
'31 nth ns?im insa'pa (sin) clings to him and goes be- 
fore him on the day of judgment. — 2) to wrap, swathe. 
Sabb. 129 1 ' bot. '31 "l?1in ns VBsVa you may swathe a 
new-born child on the Sabbath. — Part. pass. qsi?a; f. 

nsBi?a. Deut. R. s. 3 ma '?ai axa nainn . . . niinn'the 

Torah scroll which was given to Moses,— the skin was of 
white fire, written upon with black fire, sealed with fire 
and swathed with bands of fire. 

*]5Db ch., Pa. rpB? (interch. with tfB?) 1) to swathe, 
bandage, tvrap. Targ. Y. Ex. XV, 2. Targ. Lam. II, 22 
niB 1 *!? (some ed. n^BS?).— Sabb. 66 b ; 147 b StpiJi i&ffiVto 
swathe a new-born child.— Part. pass. S)Eia (qBta). Targ. 
II Chr. XXXIV, 15 (of a scroll, v. preced.j. Targ. Lam. 
II, 20 (At. 'hrya Ithpa.).— Trnsf. to handle in the- way -a 
'child is swathed, to turn clay, mould, shape (cmp. ass). 
B. Mets.74 a '31 "HBWI ^ais't "i&ma Km does it not require 



moulding; -drying, putting, into the stove _&c. lb. "|152 
■jioaim IBSbal Ms. M. (ed. 111513*1 naabal, corr. ace.) when 
they have been moulded and dried. — 2) to join, couple, 
loop. Targ. Ex. XXXVI, 10. lb. 18 sHBSbb (Var. XBBbb, 
NBBbb) ; a. fr.— Part. pass. S]Bb», Cj&ba. IbVxXVI, 3 ; a.' fr. 
Ithpa. E|Bbn* to 6e swathed, v. supra. 

•' I^SDb, ITS®!?, '"6 e.=*OD>. T. Peah VIII, 21 a bob. 
'b 1Q fiSX, v. NDSb. — Y. Shebi.' II, 34 a hot. 'bl Mails as 
much only as is required for the stew-pot (immediate 

npplD?, Targ. Y. Lev. I, 16 in Ar. s. v. Bpb some ed., 
read: Xppsb'i; v. SBp^b?. 

nS" (b. h. ; cmp. fjBb) 1) fo toiree around, cling to, 
clasp. Ruth R. to HI, 8, v. S]Bb;Tanli.B'har3(expl.n3bil, 
Ruth 1. c. 'he felt himself embraced') '31 n'B^I niSXI 105 
as you read ( Jud. XVI, 29) and Samson clasped &c— 2) (cmp. 
TySi) to wrap up, to insert, combine (dishes).— Part. pass. 
nisb, pi. ynlBb. Koh. R. to VII, 7 (expl, " ( nBb) Vbnuah TIES 
M13 M" 'b two messes combined. 

,Pi. rtEbV ' 

7© .3 ch., Pa. mb as preced. Pi. Bets. 16 a nsbal ilia 
"piSa (Alf. nsfeial) something used as a relish is required, 
xneVa xb MB1 (Ms. M.MBbia, Alf. XMBfeia) whereas bread 
is not used for that purpose. 

Wipe, re;"* to be used as XFfib; v. supra. 

'* 'iD5. f. (v. preced. wds.). something which goes with 
bread; vegetables. Ber. 44 b , v. tva 4. — Gen. B. s. 15 in 
MrPM nB*J& reb lax one says fe/e£A was la-path (no 
food of man before he sinned, i. e. bread fully seasoned 
grew out of the ground, and no relish was required); 
PiliMb tmt) Vftl tiB xb 'b lefetk will be no food, in the 
Messianic days; Y.Ber. VI, 10 a bot.; Tanh.EkebT [read:] 

ns Kb mas'? Miin" t*bx ns nn^n iaiis imkmi (with ref. 

to 13'nDB, Ps. LXXII, 16; cmp. Sabb. 30 b , Midr. Till, to 
Ps. CIV, 12).— Esp. lefeth, turnip. Kil. I, 3. lb. 9. Keth. 
lll b '=1 IMlbplUl 'ba 'pip bS112 a fox made his nest in a 
turnip, and when they weighed it &c. ; a. fr. — PI. rriPIBb. 
Y. Ter. II,'41 C . bot. 'b HBK1 turnip-heads. Talk. Dent. 944. 
Snh. 19 b bot. (ref. MBbil, Ruth III, 8, v. Targ.) 11123 MUW51D 
'b H13K13 his body became as soft as (boiled) turnip heads. 
Ber. 56 a Ar., v.:XT>b515; a. e. 

fctrpb,' 'tf 1 ^ ch. same: Targ. Ruth 111,8, v. preced.— 
Ber. 44 b ' '31 'S MUM 13 when thou seest turnips in the 
market, ask not, what wilt thou eat with the bread. lb. 
56 a , v. KI^SIS; a. fr.— Bekh. 43 h , v. OP©'?. 

^rj"Fi£u, D^p f. (preced.) 'b ns bread seasoned with 
a relish. Tanh/Ekeb 7 (ref. to MSB, Ps. LXXII, 16) UP 
MTDiB .'b rfib "pIlplB maipa there are places where they 
call seasoned bread piss'tha. 

: D?}Sb, "fpb I m. (v. nab), ©we wftoge Aead is -t«r»i>. 

sAaperf. Bekh. VII, 1 (43 a ) •jtlSb. Mish. (Talm. ed. BMBb), 
expl. ib. 43 b '31 ia11 KPfib (read B . . . or ) . ...), v. K1ib&15. 

^Db, 'D n b II m. (nab) refeA. Ber. 40 a wqitt), IS 
'31 'b 18 nba until salt or some relish is placed before 
each one, v. DBS. Neg. XIII, 9 ; Tosef. ib. VII, -1 P ; Hull. 
71 b 'b3 (n)b31X1 30a reclining, and eating (the named 
quantity of bread) with some relish; Koh. R. toVIJ, 7 i» 
'ba MbsiK 33 (corr. ace.);. expl, ib., v. MBb;. a, e, . 

&W?©b, 'tfO ch. same. Targ. Job VI, 6 Var. Ms. (li. 
text ben), V. lo'ioa. -' "' ''■' 


3, y"bm.(b.h.; yb)scorner, scoffer, frivolous person. 
PI. nisb, 'ib. Sot. 42 a 'b T3 the class of scorners. Snh. 
101 a , v. 1153; a. fr.— 'b atUla (Ps. 1, 1) scorners' gathering, 
bad company. Kidd. 41 a 'b aaia lamia his company is 
the bad company (meant in Ps. 1. c.). Ab.Zar. 18 b ("I1DS) 
'b 'a ijaa (is forbidden as) coming under the category of 
being in bad company ; a. fr. 

ifiS^ f. (preced.) 1) scorn, lasciviousness. Cant. B. to 
III, 4 (play on nisba, Is. XXI, 4)'b ^31 ■pBo XlfIB nB the 
mouth which spreads words of lasciviousness ; IpBiffl i"S 
'b "iaib because they went out for lascivious entertain- 
ment; cmp. 8rffiSrt>. — 2) sport, pleasure. Tosef. Sabb. VI 
(VII), 4 'b nb SrtnU) that she may be entertained; Talk. 
Lev. 587 ttxsb ilbTinna (corr. ace). ."'... 

■]sb, nissb, »riDsb, v.sub '^b. - 

pb m. (ppb) fapp%, greedy. Pesik. Zakh., p. 26 b pbas 
'31 naix pb is Amalek is 'am lak (a greedy people), a 
people that came to lap the blood of Israel like a dog; 
Yalk. Deut. 938; Yalk. Ex. 262 ; a. e. Tanh. Ki Thetse 9, 
a. e. '31 M1B pb Q5>, v. pb\ ' ■ 

xpb, rpb, v. T b. 

mnip* f. pi. (npb) bought property, esp. mortgaged 
property sol'd; trust the purchaser of mortgaged property. 
Keth. IX, 8 'bn ^a PIS1B3 N^l. . .13a if her husband sold 
his property to strangers, and she wants to collect (her 
K'thubah) from the sold property (sues the purchaser). 
B. Mets. 12 b •pis xblB 'b C)lBiab insi and he might seize 
the sold property unlawfully. — B.Bath. 107 a pbniB diplSri 
lin 'b after the heirs have divided up the estate, they 
are considered as purchasers (from one another, and the 
brother whose portion has been seized for his father's 
debts has no redress), opp. "jri d"WP they are heirs (and 
the estate, minus the seized portion, has to be redivi- 
ded) ; a. fr. 

Hlpb, v. nip-ib. •.■ 

. Dlpb, ttplb m. (upb; v. V^grain-gleaner, a sort 
of huckster dealing in grains bought up in small quantities, ' 
B. Mets. 72 b Prolan Elpba 5)ir . . . Bplb ffi"a ed. (Ms. M. 
throughout Bplb; Ms. R. a. ed. Ven. aipb, v.Rabb.D.. S. 
a. 1. note 7) why is jt . different with .the. gleaner ? -Because, 
if he has none, he will borrow from a fellowgleaner. Ib. 


"Olail 'lii ISWn SSiffl. IS- until the market price has been - 
announced for (the goods of) the gatherer and the merchant 
alike ; Tosef; ib. VI, 1 fiplii (corr. ace.).— [Keth. 54 a dlpia 
Ar., v. d">pi.]— PI. nidipi.. B. Mets. 1. c. iiBI ... 'i ittJ Vn 
'31 tntt to Ms. H. a. B. (v.Babb. D. S. 1. c.) if the gleaners' 
goods (mixed goods) were worth four S'ah (and more) 
a Sela, and those of other people three &c; [ed. 1TI 
'31 &1X toil . , . nidipi if the gleaned grains were worth 

&c. ; Tosef. l. c saisa rvoiin. nidipi fn (not ni3imi). 

... Jtf'Dipb ch. same, esp. the poor gleaner.— PI. ">aipi. 
B.Mets.21^(expl. hllBiaJJ'i ina 'i gleaners after gleaners 
(the poor who come for the second gleanings). 

■^ETipb,' v. "waipj. 

. & WEIpVv. D-^Dipii. 

W'lpb, v. «S1?V 



i^fflpb f. (ipi) 1) punishment. Targ. 0. Deut. XXXII, 
32.-2) being beaten. Toma 71 b .TTflpi; v. 'jPHSi; Zeb. 18 b ; 
Talk. Ex. 380.— 3) disorder, disease, defect. B. Bath. 16 b 
Sin 'i vp-i Wip a complexion like the color of the horn 
of the unicorn is a defect (and not a perfection). Hull. 43 a 
fflWl'ithe disorder of the kidneys mentioned byBakhish. 
Ib. 55 a bot. '31 'i •Vta'SH when the disorder extends to &c; 
a. fr. 

n P-^.o 

J (b.h.) 1) to take, receive. B. Kam. 119 a npIS ijtaa 
'31 'phpii collectors of charity may receive from them 
small contributions. Ex. B. s. 3 littJ nfct 'i he received his 
due (punishment). Tanh. Korah 3 wia 'i he took up his 
cloak; a. fr. — 2) fo eflOT# away; to persuade. Ib. 1 (ref. to 
Num. XVI, 1) '31 rD"HD» Stifct hpil T 1 !* vayikkah means 
attraction by soft words; ib. 2 rijiis -jTUOb fctiit hpil ^K 
inpi laiti) vayikkah has the meaning of separation, for 
his heart (pride) carried him away ; Num. B. s. 18. — 3) to 
bug, acquire. Dem. IV, 5 '31 *b rip buy (provision) for 
me of one who is reliable &o. Ib. "Wlpil .... hgii -|irj 
'31 "ji if he went to buy of him (of the designated person), 
and . . . . not finding him I bought of &c. Ib.V, 1 }a npiin 
'31 he who buys of a baker. B. Mets. 16 b nsnjsKffiOi when 
I shall have bought it; a. v. fr.— npii buyer. Ib. 15 b bot. 
'i rWtfl when the buyer is dead. Ber. 5 a Matt) 'il and the 
purchaser is glad ; — Part, pass, rjlpi, f.ftrftpb;pl. 

tmpb i ,)'npb-, ninipi. Y. Pes.n,29 b iiosatitoa 'in 'that 

which has been bought with tithe-money. B.Mets.llO a 'i 
IT'S tiPil I have it as a purchased property. Y. Snh. IX, beg. 
26 d [read :] li 'b naifflstlrl. Win© IS until the first wife has 
been legally acquired (betrothed) by him; (Y. Yeb. XI, 
ll d top nplpt), v. nrfpi; a. fr— V. nimpi. 

Nif.Tipbi, rip' 1 ?, ngi to be taken, bought, acquired. Maas. 
Sh.1, 3 llUSa S]b3a 'ii liiK must not be bought with tithe- 
money; Hull. I, 7. npiD TO. Men. 42 b ninpi; :prlj??; a. 
fr.— Kidd. 2 b (ref. to Deut. XXII, 13) it is not written 13 

1 t&gV 

OTXi rilBK npin if a woman is married (marries herself)' 

to a man(Var.'nj?n).' , " ; ; 

Hithpa. rjpinn to be enclosed, squeezed in; Num. B. 

s.12; Cant. B.toIH, 11; Pesik.Vayhi,p. 4 a (expl.rirj^tia, 

Ex. ix, 24), v. sniiaias. 

rip* ch., Ithpe. npiit to be taken, married. Keth. IV, 
11 (52 b ) 'paisi frt$rp 'IS Bab. ed. (Mish.a. Y. ed.p&i'in'l) 
until they shall be married; ib. 53 b )T\p^tp. 

np5 m. (b. h.; preced.) purchase ; {acceptable) gift; 
lesson. 'Taan. 7 a (ref. to "Tipb, Deut. XXXII, 2) Stiit 'i -pit 
rniri lekah means the Law (with ref. to Prov. IV; 2); 
Tanh. HaSz. 3; a. fr.— 'in pit auction-stone. Yalk. Lev. 
667, v. npa. 

^P^ ( b - k.) \t° seize,] 1) to gather, glean; to pick, v. 
Pi— Part. dpii gleaner, huckster, v. dipi. — 2) (in sewing) 
to gather, pucker. M. Kat. 26 a bot. "pas pillBSil Idpiii 
niaild to mend (the rents for the dead) by gathering or 
making a sort of stairs (chain-stitches), v. diblb. 

Pi. dp^i same, 1) topick, harvest; to pick up, collect. Tosef. 
Shebi. IV, 21 '31 -into ailMSt ">b he harvested Ethrogs on 
the first of Sh'bat;B.Hash.l4 a ; Erub.7 a ; Yeb.l5 a . Tosef. 
B. Hash. I, 9 p-P 'ii if one picked vegetables; a. v. fr.— 
Maas. Sh. II, 5 '31 ">i ">ilU na Y. ed. (Mish. a. Bab. ed. na 
dpi dpitt)) what coins he picked up singly belong to the 
second-tithe fund. Y. ib. 53 c ">b tost p"vai pTa "*» Stini 
'31 laiK to (not put) provided he picked up here and 
there (deliberately selecting), but if he did so at random 
&c. Bekh. 7 b '31 ogia d^sa i^Ban to every animal that 
lays eggs supports its brood by picking up food for it, 
except the bat . . . which gives suck. — M. Kat. 1, 5 Dpia 
'31 Dltt one may (during the festive week) collect for final 
burial the bones of &c, v. alp*>i. Snh. VI, 6 n&t '■pBjsfca 
'31 PilaSSn the bones (of the convict) may be collected and 
buried in their family tomb ; a. fr. — Esp. to glean, to take 
the poor man's share in the crop. Peah IV, 9 '31 opitt) i» 
(Y. ed. "£«)). if one gleaned the corner of the field and 
said, this is to belong to &c; Gitt. ll b ; B. Mets. 9 b .— 
Peah V, 6 dipto (Y. ed. Bgto). Y. ib. IV, 18 15 Idpiil 13i*i 
'31 let them have an opportunity to go and glean in an- 
other field &c, v. ""feTS, a. v. fr.— [Peah IV, 5, v. Hif.].— 
[Sot. ll b '31 pi dpiai, v. dpi.]— 2) to pluck (hair) out 
singly. Naz. 40 b dpiaa iap : ">i if he plucked it singly with 
pinchers; Mace. Ill, 5 idpi! Ib. 20 b '31 niuai B'giaa when 
one plucks out the white hair among the black; Sabb. 
94 b ; a. e. — [Naz. 1. c. ISha UdptolB V$, read Isid^lB as 
Mace, in, 5.] 

Nif. dpi? 1) to be collected, harvested. Tosef. Shebi. IV, 
21 naina 'il naina toaui what has been growing under 
obligation (as eventually subject to tithes) and been har- 
vested under obligation; rW3ffla''J1 rYWiatoa ilM) what 
has been growing in the Sabbatical year and collected in 
&c. ; B. Hash. 15 a ; a. e. — 2) to be made smooth by plucking. 
Sabb. 97 a , v. dptoj. 

ft' Pu. dp^i to be gleaned. Peah V, 1 WWi 'i sill} lB"^a 
a stack of grain under which the gleaning for the poor 
has been left. 

Hif. dipin l) to cause picking, to strew feed for- birds. 



Tosef. Sabb, X?m, 4 f Bipba, contrad. to yap^a (v. 
Bp*in); Sabb. 155 b .— 2) to arrange the gleaning by the 
poor. Peah IV, 5(3) tiffin *S fBipba vn Y. ed. (Bab. ed. 
a. Mish. "jiBpba) arranged the gleaning by the line, leav- 
ing a corner at the end of each furrow. 

Sithpa. Bjjftnn to be collected; to require collection. 
Maas. Sh. II, 5 biBp*rian those coins which have been 
picked up singly, opp. "p**^.— Hull. 46 a Irra Bp*na if the 
required size of sound flesh can be obtained only by col- 
lecting (it not being in one place), how is it?— lb. 77 a '*na 
Irta how is it, if the quantity of flesh required to cover 
the broken bone is scattered? 

"Dp!?, T2' 1 p< 1 , ch. same, to pick up; to gather. Targ. 
Gen. XXXI, 46/lb. XL VII, 14 (ed. Berl. Big*). Targ. Ex. 
XVI, 26; a. e.— Part. Big*, Bp*. Targ. O. Deut. XXIX, 10 
Bip* ed. Berl. (ed. Amst. T Bp*, T corr. ace; h. text SBH); 
Targ. Josh. IX, 21 iBp* Bxt. (ed. iBp*a).— Sabb. 156 a kVi 
ni3tt)i*S Bip*(a calf) that does not take up with its tongue 
(the fodder placed before it), v. infra; a. e. 

Pa. Big* same. Targ. Gen. XLVII, 14, v. supra. Targ. 
Lev. Xixj 9 (Y. II Pe.) ; a. fr.— Targ. IIEsth. HI, 8 T.iBp*ai 
(not TBpIjai), v. xasn— Lev. K. s. 6 *"N Bp*a Ninn i-lttJ 
Bp*a nx . . Bp*. Bg* he began to pick up (the scattered 
Denars); said he to him, pick up, pick up, for it is thine 
own thou art picking up.— Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a bot. '|Bp*ai 
(not HBp*ll) and gathers them (the sun-dried fruits in 
cakes or strings; v. Maim. Sabb. VIII, 6); a. e. 

Af. Big*iX; to cause to take up, to put the mouth to. 
Sabb. .156* 'Him "|iBipl?a Ms. O. (Ms. M. m* TBp*a, ed. 
■jiaipVin, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) we may make it take 
up (taste the fodder). 

■Qpb m. (b. h.; preced. wds.) 1) gleanings; the poor 
man's share in the crop (Lev. XIX, 9). Peah IV, 3. lb. 10 
'31 ItBlSn '* lrtPX what is called Meet (the poor man's 
share)? That which drops &c. lb. 11 '* '*' pSD where 
there is a doubt about Met, it is Met, i. e. the poor man 
has the benefit of the doubt. lb. V, 1 '* na3 rUrvtK pals 
'31 we calculate how much it would ordinarily give out 
for the poor man. Y. ib. V, beg. 18 d *» "japi* i"9 WttttJ 
'31 for he piled up the stack over the poor man's share ; 
a. fr.— 2) pucker, seam. M. Kat. 26 b '*n Tina .... S-ilpn 
he who rends his garment ... in a place which has been 
mended by a pucker (after having been rent for a death). 

D|5b, Ht2pb, "^P" 1 ? oh. 1) same, gleanings, poor 
man's' share. Targ. Lev. XIX, 9.-2) the accumulated food 
in a bird's crop. Targ. Y. I Lev. 1, 16. 

DTiapb Maasr. IH, 7; Ohol. XVIII, 10 '*n Ar., v. 
mBp T * : K. 

tXp^lClpb, Npiap'b f. (lectica) sedan-chair. Mekh. 
Mishp T . s.'V'Sa. ..13*Bi »b he (the Hebrew servant) shall 
not be used to carry him (his master) in a litter, a chair 
or a sedan-chair; Yalk. Ex. 311 ; v.-Stp/rM**. 

Ipb,; npb [to become less,] 1) to suffer, be under a 
disadvantage.^. Mete. Ill, 12 "imi ions np*i he suffers 
the disadvantages of loss or gain, i. e. he must pay ac- 

cording to the original value of his charge in case of 
depreciation, or according to- the present value in case 
of a rise in value. Tosef. Yeb. IX, 3 npi* pn WHO Hi 
justice suffers under this rule, i. e. it is inconsistent; Y. 
B; Kam. IV,beg.4 a ; a.e.: — Esp, to be smitten, afflicted with 
disease (esp. leprosy) ; (of crops) to be struck (by hail &c.) ; 
to be blighted. Sabb. 87 b WI1133 lp* the first-born (in 
Egypt) were smitten. Ib. 97 a ; Yoma T 19 b npl* . . . llSinn 
1S1S3 he who entertains a suspicion against worthy men, 
will be smitten with disease ; Ex. E. s. 3 Wip**. ilKI ntlK t)» 
nS1X3 thou, likewise, d'eservest to be afflicted with lep- 
rosy. Hull. 55 a nm Si*133 nnp* if one of its kidneys 
is disordered.— B. Mets. IX, 7 nnp* the wheat crop was 
blasted.— Ber. 18 b '* X* 1*1B his crop was not struck by 
hail.— Makhsh. IV, 3, a. e. *ni3n np*i N*l» that the wall 
may not suffer (from the rain);— 2) (of luminaries) 
to be eclipsed. Mekh. Bo. s. 1 Dpi* nanniBS when there 
is an eclipse of the sun; tUpi* ni*tantZJ3. when planets 
are eclipsed; Succ. 29 a ; a. it.— Part. pass. Up* disordered, 
sickly, stunted. Sifra Thazr., Neg., ch. VII, Par. 5; Neg. 
X, 1 (expl. Lev. XIII, 30) "atp '* pi dak means diseased 
(sparse) and short hair. Yeb. 80 a '* lax isaaffl«*3. one 
born with defective genitals. Tosef. ib. X, 6 '* l*lp his 
voice is abnormal (womanly, thin). Ib. 7 '* rfelp her voice 
is abnormal (manlike ; Yeb. 80 b H3S). Ib. '* IISIU his hair 
is abnormal; a. fr.— 3) (law) to be punished with lashes. 
Mace. 1, 1 DisaiiS npl* he receives forty lashes (v. SalN). 
Ib.III, 1 lipi*n *jn l*K the following persons receive (thirty 
nine) lashes. Snh. IX, 5 nilDl '*U3. ia he who has been 
lashed twice (and commits the same offence again); 
Sif. fip*rt 1) to disaffect, weaken, strike. Ber. 18 b 113 
1W1« ngWhail will ruin his crops. Sabb. 113 b SlrtttJ iJSa 
rtpba because it makes thin (weakens one's constitution); 
a. e.—Part. pass. ng*ia sickly, broken down. Euth E. to 
I, 5 'al 131ttia Kin ejs he (the messenger) was likewise 
broken down and sick; Lev. E. s. 17; Pesik. Vayhi, p. 66 a ; 
Pesik. E. s. 17 ngl*a (part. Pit.).— 2) to punish with lashes, 
flog. Mace. Ill, 10 inis "pp*a n»3 how many lashes does 
the court inflict ? Ib. 1 2 lWiKlip*a 1S£iS how is the flogging 
done? Kidd. 81 a nsiattin naiB S* *S 1ip*a the court orders 
the flogging of a person for conduct giving rise to suspi- 
cion, basing its action on I Sam. H, 24. Gen. E. s. 7 rtPK 
i?p*a, v. n*ap; a. fr. 

"'pb, S^pb ch. same, to be affected, disordered, smitten, 
punisied. Targ. O. Ex. V, 14 ip* (Y. 1p*). Ib. 16 )pb (Y. 
-|iip*). Ib. IX, 31, sq. Targ. Y. INum. XXVI, 11 ; a. fr.— 
Tern, 4 b ig* i^aS why should he be punished? — Ib. 5 a 
ip*i*. ia5 sn let him, too, be punished. Y. Kidd. I, 61 b 
bot. '31 ip*ia naa 'jix if it should, happen to thee to suffer, 
it is better that 1 suffer in thy place; Pesik. E. s. 23—24 
ia*in (corr. ace.) ; a. fr. 

Af. ip*« as preced. Hif. Targ. Deut. XXII, 18 lip*,?! 
(not '*il).' Ib. XXV, 2, sq. — Targ. I Sam. V, 6; a. fr.— 
Sabb. 113 b ip]jai.*|li3 because it is ruinous to health.— 
Kidd. 81 a msal ip* ; a punished the woman of bad repute 
and published the cause (for the protection of her children, 
v..W*).. Ib. '31 ip_!sb iaS la why do you not likewise punish 
and publish?; a. fr. 

fTTPpb f. (npb) l) taking, seizing. Suco. 37 a (ref. to 
Lev. XXIli, 40) nan 'b psa a real taking in hand is 
required. lb. IMS "On *"$ 'b an indirect taking (with glov- 
. ed hand, by a string &c). lb. ll b '31 'b 'b ifb* he com- 
pares the expression fipi (in Ex. XII, 22 a. Lev. 1. c.) ; a. 
fr. — 2) purchase, acquisition. Ex. B. s. 28, beg. (ref. to 
Ps.LXYIII, 19) *b .nirti 'ta he gave the Law to him as an 
absolute acquisition. — Esp. talcing a wife, betrothal. Y. 
Snh.IX, beg. 26 d ; Y.Yeb.XI,ll d top (ref. to Lev. XX, 14) 
'31 'b aV\3 Itel itStJlB aifO TtflsVDS in all the other laws 
of incest the verb shakhab is used, but here lakah is chosen, 
to intimate that one of the two must have been legally 
betrothed to him. Y. ib. VI, 7 b bot. ; (Bab. ib. 55 b Sinip); 
a. e — 3) taking away by death. Gen. E. s. 25, beg. 

wph, ta^b, v. d$. 

T2^P^ ni.(B|5b)^feowe^,asortofcMe»<,reteiwer.8hebu. 
46 b "Wa ii^pbl YYOtt} how about his hired laborer or his 
client (may they take the oath)? — Y. Erub. VI, 23 c top 
IBipbl llDatt) his (the gentile's) attendant or client. Keth. 
54 a 'ta rtaiWil (Ar. Blpta) and the reverse is the law (as 
to deducting from his wages the outlay for his garments) 
concerning the client; ' the same is the law &c. 

*'D' l pb Ich. same, esp. beggar.— PI. Wtrpb. Y.Taan. 
IV, 69 a bot. 'bb (ed. iXa^pb, corr. ace); Lam. E. to II, 2 
quot. in Arab. s. v. anS ; v. ?ip"ia I. 

10"CD II m. (part. pass, of Bp'b) pinched out, chiselled, 
in bass-relief (cmp. Syr. NEJp'b embroidery, P. Sm. 1970). 
Targ. I Kings VII, 19. Ib. 26 ; Targ. II Chr. IV, 5 6ttl58niBS 'b 
chiselled in the shape of a rose. 

iTEPpb f. (apb) 'picking, collecting, harvesting. Peah 
I, 4 rTBta ihttfipVl and such fruits as are harvested all at 
once (not singly as they become ripe). B. Hash. 14 b TOffla 
fliBiJ inaipl? the duty of giving tithes hegins when it 
is being cut. Ib. 15 a ; Tosef. Shebi.IV, 21 1l»S»b Irxrpb -lit!* 
after it is harvested begins the duty &c. ; Succ. 40 a IhS 
noipb (ina). lb. n b iniiffls xvi it tjvnpb the cutting 
them is their making (preparing for the religious cere- 
mony) ; a. fr. 

wpb, &opb m - ( p^> cmp- ^ a- Greek Xex * vt i ) 

bottle] flask. Targ. Jud. VI, 38 fcttp'b ed. Lag. (Var. ^pb, 
WlA, Ar. SUlp^>; h. text tat)).— Sabb. 12 a titih "p9? Ar. 
(Ms. M. HOpbb; ed. MpTs, corr. ace.) into a flask filled with 
water. Ib.l43 a (Ms.M. Xpib, corr. ace; Eashi Ms. XSlpb, 
v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 100). Ber. 62 a SOpta . . . Kfflpnpa 

(Ms. 0. reipta) clappered with a nut in a flask. B. 

Kam.ll3 b , v. Spta.— PI. TTP% T?j£- Tar 8- Job XXXII, 
19, v. fc" 1 ^.— Gen. E. s. 13, v. next w. 

arP^pb, Sljflpb f. (preced.) a little flask. Koh. 

e. to 1, 7 'si hvtft pan'-' nni tra 'pib yitai (not s-maa) they 

filled a flask with (Ocean) water and added water there- 
to, and it absorbed it.— PI. ttris^^pb. Gen. E. s. 13 yah* 

'31 'b xta Ttb (Ar. "pSTp^s «ta) they handed him flaskfuls 
&c; (Yalk. Koh. 967 SHrtft rU^a lite). 

tt^pb, NtS^pb I pr. n. m. Lakish, L'kisha; yam "Ql 
6 p, a'bbrev. 'b BJii, V"i E. Simeon ben Lakish (Eeshi 
Lakish) an Amora, contemporary and brother-in-law of 
E. Johanan by whom he was converted from a lawless 
life. Hull. 56 a . Gitt. 47 a ; a. fr.— B. Mets. 84 a Kffllpb IS; 

t^pb II, ^pb m., Xtffib c. (»pb) slow, late (in 
the season); late rain; late-born (amp. b*m). Targ. Deut. 
XI, 14 (ed. Berl. 'pb). Targ. Y. Lev. XXVI, 4. Targ. Hos. 
VI, 3; a. fr.— Snh. 18 b , a. e., v. I^Ka. Koh. E. to VII, 26 
ff<ae> 'b, v. -|iM.~B.')iffl-'pb, K^pb, "I*; f.^ipb. Targ. 
Y. I Deut. XXXII, 2 'Ipb. Targ. Gen. XXX, 42 (ed. Am. 
'l»pb; h. text a^&BSn). Targ. Y. Ex. IX, 32— Gen. E.s. 73, 
end (ref. to biBBSh, v. supra) pta 'b the late-born were 
Laban's; Lev. E. s. 30 XXt)*pb (corr. ace). 

&$rfll2J' - 'p5, *y2 f. (preced.) lateness, retardation. 
Targ/o. Gen. XXX, 42 60S 'ta (ed. Berl. TftSi*pb, v. Berl. 
Targ. O. II, p. 11 ; ed. Amst. ffffijpb) when the sheep were 
late (tired). 

1p?m. ppb; transl. of Xetctov) a very small copper 
coiner. Maas! Sh. IV, beg. 54 d 'bl T*)b!* -pins Faisal 
(not 'V 1 . . . b&O'lSSl) and in Arbela the Denar is worth 
two thousand P'rutahs and one Lakan.— Y. B. Mets. IV, 
beg. 9 C "VMS 'ta 'b to lend money on Lakan against L. 
(counting Lakans in place of Denars) is forbidden. 

Wpb, v. KST?>. 

"'Dpb. Lakni, name of a bird. Hull. 63 a . 

ppb (b. h.; cmp. yb) to lap, lick. Pesik. Zakh. p.26 b 
'31 pft? rixaffl nai« (not saiB); Tanh. Ki Thetse 9 ; Yalk. 
Deut. 938, v. pb. 

Pi. pftib same. Snh. 68 a '31 pptari ata3, v. Ibh. 

Hif. pbft same. Par. IX, 3 inpta K^Mtt) iJBO (ed. Dehr. 
Slpta) because it (the weasel) laps (lets the water drip 
back out of its mouth). 

EJpb (b. h.) to be slow, late. 

Hif. lijipbil 1) to retard. Num. E. s. 1, beg. (ref. to 

STtaKa, Jer.'ll, 31 ; cmp. VfcSj.rirVlS "Wtipbhl Xaffl 

did I ever promise . . . and retard it?; Tanh. B'midb. 2; 
Yalk. Jer. 267 ; Num. E. s. 23 b3hK "Wljpjsm . . !*aiD did I 
promise to bring you . . . and keep you back?— 2) to do 
a thing late, finish in a hurry, in a state of exhaustion. 
Lev. E. s. 30 (interpret. t)U9 1 ', Ps. Oil, 1, with ref. to Gen. 
xxx, 42) tt5iaipy<i nsaip irostaa :nta"*tt»V...ta*i&n na 
5)10a (not lfiakta) as a laborer sits waiting for the time 
when he may rest a while from his labor, and finally 
finishes it in a hurry (when it is late). 

' ! U5pb ch. same, Pa. ti*pb to be late, tired. Targ. Y. 
Gen. XXX, 42 itti-lpb (infin., not 'b), v. NriTOipK 


.mrt ■ 

Af. ■itipbx as preced. Hif. 2. Yalk. Ps. 855 (ref. to fc|tasi, 
v. preoed.) tf? ttjpbai '•>«* Kim for he (the poor man) 
comes (to prayer late) and goes through it in a state of 

#J?b, v. *5ipb. 

rip5, inversion of.bpn (Dan. V, 25).- Snh. 22 a Six d3X 

iBiftij 'b for pd-isi bpn wo ssa. 

5H5 (= inxb, y. mt) Je/cw. Targ. Y. II Gen. XL, 23 
61 X1S5M human favor, opp. b^Sbl. Targ.Ez.I, 27.' — Shba 
(/h>m) fceZote. Targ. Gen. I, 7 (ed. Berl. 5nki). Targ.Deiit. 
XXXni,13; a. e.— Y.B.Hash. II, 58 a hotV Y.PeahV,end, 
19 a Sib 'ja; a. fr.: — [In Hebr. grammar: Slba accent on 
the last syllable; bisba ow the pewultima.] 

#b c 

c. (b. h. ; l&b) 1) fow^we. Ber. 61 a , v. t]rt"l. Bekh. 
8 (40 a ), v. IBth. Lev. B. s. 16; a. v. fr.— P>.' niiiizib. 
lb. s. 33, beg.; a. e. — Transf. a) language. Sot. 49 b 'b 
Wld, Syriac, v. WIS; . lOTipn 'b (abbr. p"nb) Hebrew; 
WW 'b Greek; a. v. fr.— b) expression, phraseology, par- 
lance. Ber. 31 b , a. fr. OTS 15a yittibs, v.-ia^j. T. Ned. VI, 
beg. 39 c ITTiri 'b Biblical usage; K"3 'b common parlance 
(later Hebrew). — ipi 'b or niipH 'b' decent expression, 
euphemism. Gen. R. s. 70; s. 86 (ref. to Gen. XXXIX, 6) 
'3'b it is a euphemism,! e.' the bread which he ate'means his 
marital life. Pes. 3 a ; a. fr.— Ib. b 1133 'b respectful, chaste 
language.--Par.I, 1 nifflbffl'bn no what does the expression 
nnablB mean?— Eduy. 1, 3 ; Sabb. 15 a 131 'b3 TOl dIK 3iintB 
in transmitting a tradition one must use the very words 
of the teacher, v. ft} ; Ber. 47 a .— bl&3 'b a reiteration of the 
same word or an amplification. Cant.E.toI,16, opp.dllBS'b 
plain expression, v. infra.— 'b bs> b&0 'b assonance, allit- 
eration. Gen. B. s. 31 (ttirjJ.a. mini); a. e.— Sin .'b (abbr. 
1"nb) evil talk, calumny, gossip, denunciation. Arakh. 
15 b ; a. v. fr.--13t'b, n3pa 'b, v. 13J, ttpi.—Pl. as ab. Y. 
Sabb. XIX, 17 a ; Y~. Yeb. VIII, 8 a ' Dot. '(ref. to blai blan, 
Gen. XVII, 13) ]tl ywQil 'b the double expressions in- 
timate amplification (repeated action); '31 'pbl&S 'V ('b 
mblB3) they are merely double expressions, the Torah 
speaking in the usuai way (according to popular usage, 
v. supra); Y. Ned. I, beg. 36 c . Y. B. Bath. VIII, end, 16 c 
'b ibS3 linguists; a. fr. — 2) anything tongue-shaped, strip, 
strap, wedge. Yoma VI, 8, v. nilint.Erub. 12 a di 'b a 
small inlet, creek; a. fr.— JY. as ab. B. Mets. II, 1 blB 'b 
loanx purple wool coming in straps ; Erub. 96 b , opp. 'pain 
in threads. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. VIII, 6 'b into two straps 
of a bed, v. nib I.— Kel. XVHI, 4 'b bs 13WB). pba a bot- 
tom of a bed made to rest on wedge-shaped corner 
pieces; a. e. 

rpEj"^ 5 f. (=hifflibtob, v. rn§bltfb) ,?Mice of a plant used 
for drying'. Tosef. Kil. in, 12. Tosef. Shebi. % 6 ; Y. ib. 
VH, 37 c top Witt?Wftti. 

/"Dtp!?, 'ffij-t.(b.h.)-ceU, chamber, compartment. 
Midd. V, 4 ysft ristob the compartment (in the Temple) 
for the storage of wood; nblin 'b the compartment con- 
taining the pilgrims' well; nirtn 'b, v. mi- Esp. 'bri the 

Temple treasury for congregational sacrifices. Shek.111,2 
'bh MS TWfr\ . . lDbti53 the funds in the treasury are ar- 
ranged in three piles. Ib. 'bn halin the treasure of &c. 
Ib. IV, 1 'bh naiina pSBJ 'jibaiJ receive their wages out 
of the Temple fund; a. fr.— PI. nistob. Midd. V, 3. Tarn. 
HI, 3 ; a. e. 

fctnStt5fp, > tij' 1 5 oh. same. Targ.' Y. Num. XIX, 2 
'b ni<131Sx'=ih. h3©bh naim, v. preced. Targ. Jer.XXXV, 
4 ; a. fr.— PI. JSTOtob, ^tt5bi 'ib. Targ. I Chr. IX, 26. Targ. 
Ezek.XIi,17; a.'fr. 

Kfi^btib,.*''b (v. next w.jfoam (of nostrils). Targ. 
Job XXXIX, 20. 

n^5tt5b, '"'b f. (transpos. of nbttJblB, v. bb© a. cmp. late 
Hebr. bteblB diarrhoea) secretion, chicken's. dirt,-spittle &c. 

I^b, Hif. -pttfcrj (b.h.; de'nom. of fttib) to slander, 
speak evil of. Esth! E. to III, 9 '31 Birbs 'hi {oiB las Satan 
arose and denounced them (the Israelites) before the Lord. 
Ex.B. s. 3 '31 'H1B3 ttjnsn-na as well as I smote the serpent 
when he spoke evil (of the Lord). Ib. bs ibli) nx npb 
'HID was punished because he had spoken lightly (of the 
Israelites, Ex. IV, 1); a. fr. 

"]ffl>, Af. Ifflbx ch. same. Targ. Prov. XXX, 10. 

fib, v. nnb. 

^?}5 f. (rllb,denom. of nib,, to'join, attach, v. P. Sm. 1920) 

1) fellowship, company. Yeb. 29 a nw 'b blffla nnins HlHJ 
they made her sister subject to Halitsah (v. n^ibn) on 
account of her associate in the case (i. e. her sister). — • 

2) that which clings to a person, fate, luck. B. Mets. 20 b dilBa 
Spa it^ ijtnb the cedar column burst in my luck (to 
avenge the wrong done me). Ib. 106 a Kin t|Xrib dltBa 
("pi"! Tjnb) it happened in thy (bad) luek; iJtnb taUBa in 
my bad. luck. 

nrrrD f. (nnb) moistening the grain before grinding, 
Pes. 36 a , )'*r*1ta nnib. 'b the moistening is not done by 
careful persons (priests). Ib. 40 a 'b xba nupab IIB&S^K 
Ms. M. (ed. nupS) white flour cannot be produced witlr 
out moistening. Ib. '31 'b isai Kb i« if it required no 
moistening what is the guard for? (v. liana). 

?\rO m. (b. h.) Lethekh, a dry measure, half a Kor 
(li3)j'also (='b nia) a land-measure. Shebu. VI, 8.— B. 
Mets. 104 a ; B. Bath.7 a Stb« 13 ^«1» S"S>X . .113 ni3 laistn 
'31 'b if one said, 'I sell thee a Beth-kor of land', although 
it measures only a L. &e. 

DP" (cmpi Uilb a. Arab, latta) to stir, mix, esp. to 
stir the grain in water for the purpose of moistening it 
before grinding, in gen. to wash or moisten grain. Tosef. 
B. Kam. X, 9 ^nnb xbl and the miller omitted to moisten 
it. Tosef. Makhsh. Ill, 2 '31 baa ■'jninibb to have them 
washed in the dew or rain. Pes. 36 a '31 "prinib ■)•>» must - 
not be washed before grinding; a. fr. 


rfUch. same. Pes. 36 a [read:] HiSl^S Toa hPfeia (v. 
Eabb. I). S. a. 1. note 9 ; Ms. M. Tiinii, read "THtA Pa.) let 
it also be permitted to wash (the grain for the meal- 
offerings), Y. Gitt. I, 43 c )V\b flhx ha how do you moisten 

the wheat (without fitting it for levitical uncleanness)?— 
flhiaa priVl fWa fipblB fix we boil eggs and wash with 
the water in which they were boiled; Y. Shebi. V, 36 c 
top (corr. aoc). 


Q Mem, the thirteenth letter of the Alphabet. It inter- 
changes with i, esp. in the plural termination b" 1 — , (Ghald.) 
f— , e.g.fW^dWiip, TW=D , '!3rr&c.,witti i, v. letter 
3. — a is frequently inserted for emphasizing a succeed- 
ing labial, cmp. fi3i % li6a& a. T>8&, xrtaat a. XS^at &e— 
a as a preformative letter in denominatives, e. g. hata 
from nai, Xhaia from nai, snisw from SIX &c. 

Q, as a numeral letter, forty, ['a the letter Mem, 

"D,"" 1 ^ (followed by Dagesh forte), "a, "TO (before 
gutturals)' prefix for fa, l) from, of , e. g. dipaa /row a 
place; faxo from what time &c. — -^xa, v. }=X.— 2) (v. 
-^a) from the time that, when; from the fact that, since; 
also separated ia, e. g. Sot. IX, 7 nVaSH hinsroiDa after 
the heifer has been killed; Num. B. s. 2 laix Xlhffi ia 
(=-lBa) after haying said; Y. Shek.V, end, 49 b lima when 
I come back; Y. Peah VIII, 21 b top '31 filth TO filth ->a 
when we come back, — when they came back &c; Y. Ber. 
II, 5 C hot. ni'na&a ed. Lehm. (ed. rvna& ia) because I 
thought; Y. Taan. IT, 69 a ppSSa (Lam. E. to II, 2 fa 
fip&JI) when they came forth; a. fr. 

tf,Q, tXD ch.=h. ha, 1) what? Targ. 0. Gen. XXXI, 
26. ed. Berl. (mostly ha, q. v.). dX Xa, contr. tma wAai 
(will happen) «/?, suppose, perhaps. Targ.O. Gen. XVIII, 
24 dX Xa ed. Berl. (oth. ed. a. Y. WWO); a. fr.— fl Xa, 
contr. fna, fftra what is this?, why? Targ. I Kings I, 13 
fH Xa (ha) (ed. Lag. f la ; h. text Sfro). Targ. Jer.XII, 1. 
Targ.O. Gen. XL, 7 (some ed. fn ha); a. fr.— 2) how! lb. 
XXVIII, 17 (ed. Berl. xa, oth. ed. a, Y. ha). 

riTJJXD, Pesik. E. s. 33 'a 1259 IMS, a corruption,' 

prob. for nwix stubs nnx, v. nix n. 

"TOD m. (b. h., v. Schr. KAT2, p , 56 4) 'much; (adv.) 
very. Ber. IX, 5 (ref. to "pxa Deut. VI, 5) . .STtai hla'tea 
'a 'aa lb mia ilh . . (Ms. M. a. Y. ed. 'a 'a; Bab. ed. 54 a 
.'a 'aa omitted) whatever measure he may measure out 
to thee* give thanks to him very, very much. Ab.IV, 4 
v 31 i\h 'a 'a be exceedingly lowly in mind (humble). 

D"HSD m. (ErtX) the planet Mars. Gen. B. s. 10. Sabb. 
129 b , v. SMJJI; a. e" 

P^I^D scales, v. M'jia. 

TT£U (b. h.) owe hundred. Tosef. Ber. VII (VI), 24 
HlSa 'a one hundred religious aets. lb. 8; a. v. fr. — 
Pesik.Vattom.,p.l31 b t>ihUl "i&h 'a ninety-eight ; a. fr.— Dm. 
Ennxa. Ex. E. s. 23; Mekh.B'shall., s.6. Mace, 1,2. Keth. 
I, 2, v. hasiHS; a. fr.— 'PI. nixa. Mace. 23 b ; a. fr. 

PWD ch.same. Targ. Gen. V, 3, sq.;— Dw.fWKa, 
fntta. T Bzra VI, 17. — Targ. Gen. XXXII, 15; a. fr. — PL 
fllXa. fjXa, XhllXa. Targ. II Sam. XVIII, 4 ed. Lag. (ed. 
fnXO; corr. ace.). Targ. I Sam. XXIX, 2. — Targ. 0. Ex. 
XVIII, 21 XhlXa ed. Berl. (oth. ed. 'IXa; Y.'llXH) ;— 
Y. Kil. IX, 82 b hot. pais 'a hbh three hundred fasts; Y. 
Keth. XII, 35* bot. fnxa (corr. ace). Y. Naz. V, end, 54 b 
yrm 'a nbn three hundred Nazarites ; f'jaip 'a SlBh nine 
hundred sacrifices; (Y. Ber. VII, ll b bot.; Gen. B. s. 91 
hxa rt>n, hxa san); a. fr. 

^IXD (or iPKD) m. (Arab, mawz) the fruit of the 
wild Strawberry-tree or Arbutus (v. Low Pfl.p.334; Sm. 
Ant. s. v. Arbutum). — 'a To the juice of the wild Straw- 
berry, used for adulterating honey. Koh. B. to VI, 1 ; IX, 
13 Var. in Lonzano (ed. dlxa, &ixa, d^XD) ; Tosef.B. Bath. 
V, 6 fxa ed. Zuck. (corr. ace; Var. "psa, read: HlSa);. 
Sifra Vayikra, Hoba, Par. 12, ch. XXII; Yalk. Ley. 479 
fisa (corr. ace). 

Dl^Q, Y. Ab.Zar. V, 44 d bot. 'a^dixafct'b, v. &S1XS3X. 

"]]ND, v. hxa.— [Tosef. B. Bath, V, 6 fisa ed. Zuck., 
v. MXa.J 

Z)WI2 or D^12, Kbh. E. to VI, 1 ; IX, 13, v. tixa.— 
[Part. pass, of &Na, q. v.] 

01KD, n&^D, v. MXia, XMXia, 

~\"W2 m. (b. h.; -fis) 1) luminary, light. Ber. VIII, 5 
Beth-Shammai reads tt5Xh lixa X"iaiB (Blessed be &c.)who 
created the light of fire; Beth Hillel IBXh i^X Xlia the 
Creator of the lights (colors) of fire. Tosef. ib.' VI (V), 6 
they differ '31 'ah bs> as to the order of the benedictions 
over light and over spices; Ber.52 b ; Pes. 103 a ; a. fr.— 
bW % eye-sight. Ib. 62 b . Y. Taan. IV, 68 d top.— Hag. 5 b 
(euphem.) Xlh WF$ 'al he is Hind (cmp. X^ihS).— Ber. 

* 17 a hllh 'aa "j^l^S may thy eyes shine through the 

Jight of the Law. Midr. Till, to Ps. CXIX, 135 d^S /aa 
with a shining face (benevolence); a. fr. — PI. hllixa; 
constr. " 1 ^^ a - B er. 52 b lixa \U"i 'a ha"ih there is. a, com- 



bination of lights (colors) in the artificial light. lb. iJiiB 
i"ilKa1 11SB they differ as to (saying in the benediction) 
maor or m'ore, v. supra. Meg. IV, 6 TWa 'ansi siffl is 
he who has never seen the luminaries (born blind). Ber. 
12 a (closing formula of a morning benediction) 'art 1SV 
the Creator of the luminaries; a. fr.— 2) light-hole, open- 
ing, window. Ohol.XIII, 1 niinrtt 'a rtTOrt he who leaves 
an opening (in the wall) from the start (when building). 
Tosef.ib.XIV, l'ai ISBSBJ-nnS an opening which one made 
to serve as a window ; 'ai ISiJrt if he filled the window 
up. Sabb.XXIV, 5; a. fr. 

v 2"Vl!SD m. (S^SI) event, occasion. Sifre Deut. s. 1; 
Talk. ib. 792 'art fittS is ISIpS they were named from a 
certain event which occurred there. Gen. B. s. 37, end 
'art bffii lall) lisisia lirt they passed (invented) names 
referring to events (instead of to genealogy). Y. Taan. 
I, 63 d bot. 'art i&i . . . "jatrt i&i according to the season, 
according to the needs of the occasion. Sabb. 24 a lalsi 
'art Ii9a and insert words (in the prayer) corresponding 
to the heeds of the occasion; (Tosef. Ber. Ill, 10, sq. S^la 
ed. Zuck., Var. 5")1Ka); a. fr. 

ymxn, i^mb, v. i™«. 

U^ftt, D^tfQm.du. (b.h.;)!X)l)balances. Ab. 
II, 8, v.'t)3. Pesik.B. s. 20 'aa taiilplD TOSa his deeds are 
weighed on balances ; a. fr. — 2) Libra, a sign in the Zodiac. 
Ib. Talk. Ex. 418; a. e. 

(SnND, D m. collect, n. (iris) harmonious singers, 
chorus* T&ig. II Esth. I, 2, beg. '31 3W1 'a -ps (Var. -ps 
3.irtil rtlla) like a chorus that renders praise &c. 

N$TI8a, v. snna. 

"'in^Q m. (rtrtS; cmp. ifta) = i1his, seam made by 
stitching together the rents of a garment after mourning 
time. Treat. S'mah. ch. IX. 

"•^D (= in sa) u»Ao*?; w%? Ber. 2 a 'si wil ssiB 'a 
what does the change in putting evening before morning 
mean ?, i. e. why does the redactor of the Mishnah put 
&c? Ib. '31 i&tm ijttaal and whence is it proven that this 
&c.?— Ib. b IrtBI 'al and what does v'taher mean? Ib. 'a 
1»1S1 why this v'omer, i. e. why is another citation re- 
quired? Ib. 3 b , a. fr. isi 'a, v. isi. Ib., a. fr. saSE) 'a, v. 
Stasia. Hull. 107 b iin 'a...S113 isi and even if one touch 
the other, what of it? Ib. 'as, v. iSBS. Gitt. SB 11 StlllbS 
Sin 'a... those remedies (mentioned before) which cured 
B.Z.,— what are they? Pes. 3 b lapn iSrt 'a what does this 
(case) before us mean? Snh. 39 a iJKrt 'a what does this 
(sigh) mean?— Pes. 9 a , a. fr. 'a iJKrt, v. iSrt; a. v. fr.— In 
Talm. Y. also i», na. Y. Ber. VI, 10 b ; ib. Ill, 6 b bot., v. 
yttS; a. fr. .; 

E^D, v. Sa. [Koh. B. to VI, 1; IX, 13, v. VSXas\ 

pNlD m. pl.=1iia, MWter. Targ. II Chr. XXXII, 4; a.e. 

"P^IKD, Pesik, B. s. 33 'a lais 'i "i (Y. Sabb. II, 4 d 
bot. IIJiiB), corrupt, of yoiBSKi, v. I^ois. " 

D'WH, Koh. B. to VI, 1 ;• IX, 13, v. 11Sa. 

C^Q (v. dsa) fo 6« stickg, soiled; to be repulsive 
(cmp. &Vri). Targ.Ps. XXXVIII, 6 (Ms. lidaims, v. i&O).— 
B. Kam. 18 a SWia 'al (not &1W01), v. W\— Part. d'lSa. 
Targ. Ps. LVIII, 9 (ed. Wil. bSa, read bSa).— Keth. 63 b 
lis 'a he is repulsive to me. Yoma 63 b 'a1 dV»a because 
it is offensive (on account of blemishes).— Ber. 50 b i*|i» 
'a sil Ms. M. (ed. biSHa) something which is not sticky 
(the handling of which does not create aversion); a. e. — 
PI. Ii&isa, it?i8a. Targ. Y.Deut.XXVm, 13 (opp.fioSa).— 
Yeb. 100 a 'al bitfJa because they (the uncircumcised and 
the unclean) are rejected on account of their physical 
condition; a. e.— Lam. B. to 111,45 (transl. bisal irtD, ib.) 
SijiipB M^SSa loathsome, outcasts, v. siiM. 

T ithp'e. bisas to become repulsive, to decay. Ber.50 b , v. 
supra. Pes. 28 a biSBal ^art Ms. M. 1 (Ms. M. 2 bisal; 
ed. Biaal) leavened matter which decays in course of 
time; ib. bisaa tibn S"S Ms. M. 1 (Ms. M. 2 rtbisa; ed. 
rtbifia, v. Eabb. D. S. a. l.note) an idolatrous object which 
is not subject to decay. 

Jlt^D f. (bsa) rejection, contempt; use of the verb 
bSa. Lam.B. toV, T 20; Pesik. B.s. 31 ; Yalk.Is.332. Lam. 
B. to V, 22 (ref. to bSa ib.) '31 15» Sin nii 'a dS if it 
be a rejection, there is no hope (of a reconciliation), but 
if it be anger, there is hope. 

fcWrl&'WD f. (&isa) repulsiveness. Men. 69 a 'a dlffla 
'31 Irtini&iitaV sits. . .Sin Ms. B. (ed. snibisal) is it on 
account of repulsiveness (that they must not be used for 
offerings), and when they have been sown, their repul- 

"PNQ pr. n. m. Meir, esp. B. M., a renowned Tannai, 
disciple of B. Akiba and of Elisha ben Abuya (V. Fr. 
Darkhe Mish., p. 154, a. Sttjiis). Erub. 13 b laB 'a "1 si 
latt! Sffliia "1 sis (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) his name was 
not B. M. but B. Maysha. Hor. 13 b , v. IrtS. Gen. B. s. 9, 
a. fr. 'a "1 itB inima in B. M.'s copy of the Pentateuch. 
Hull. IV, 4; a. v. fr. 

rn^a, vsrptxa, v. sub ^sa. 

mWS.y.Hffl. . , - 

JjND ch. (v. tjia) to sink; to be humbled,,. Targ. Jud. 
VI, 6. Targ. Is. II, 9. Ib. XXV, 5 fom] (ed. Ven. 'ai; ed. 
Wil. Ilbsai, corr. ace). Ib. XXIX, 4; a. fr. 

Af. Tjisas 1) to lower, humble. Ib. LI, 23; a. fr— Targ. 
Ps. XLIV, 20 '3Sas Ms. (ed. '3as, v. 1flQ).—2) to lower 
one's self, bow down. Targ. Is. 1. c. 

Pa. ^isa,^sa to lower, humble. Ib.XXV, 5. Ib.XXVI, 5 
Levita (e&Af.). Targ. Job XVII, 13. Targ.Ps.CXLVn,6 

Ms.(ed.Tp3a,v.^3a). Targ. Pro v. XXIX, 11 ed. Wil. [read :] 
FOXa lowers it (appeases the fool's anger), v. 32)n. 

fcOtfD, v.K3a. 

nblD!S!!D f. (*>3S) 1) Zowse. Nidd.l4 a . lb. 52 b . Tosef. Sabb. 
XVI (XVII), 21 ; Sabb. 12 a ; a. ir.—Pl. niVtasa. Y. Nidd. 
II, 49 d bot. (ed. Krot. sing.). — 2) wood-worm. — PI. as ab. 
Y. Taan. IV, 69 c 'a P1B1S pS do not produce worms (are 
never worm-eaten); Lam. B. introd. (B. Z'era) ri> . . . . 

^Di$I3 m. (b. h.; b?s) /bod:; meal; meal-time. Sabb. 

10 a ; Pes. 12 b tPTli b3Sa* v. Dillb. Ber. 40 a IS 11&S 

inanab 'a 'pUD a person is forbidden to eat before giving 
food to his animal. Taan. 20 a D1S 'a food fit for human 
beings; a. fr.— [Y.Hag. II, end, 78 c rYlBS IBS 'a 'IBS, read : 
niB3 «iB8 baia 'iss, v. to;.]— PL nfosa. Gen. E. s. 20 
D1S3 'a tos snnti) that thou shouldst eat food like human 
beings; (Tosef. Sot. IV, 17 tjiJISa, Var. bis toj<a). 

ri^Di^D f. (b. h.; is») [preparing food,] slaughter- 
ing knife! Gen.B. s. 56, v. 1U)3I. Pirke d'B. El. oh. XXXI. 
Pesik. B. s. 40. Gen. B. 1. c. 'art HWS ni3ia through the 
merit of (taking up) that knife (Gen. XXII, 10). 

"O&DNH, Targ. Prov. XXIV, 25, v. WttB. 

JiObXH, m. (Vm spy.— PI. K*^W0, P^WO. Targ. 
Josh. II, 1. 'Targ. 0. Num. XXI, 2; a. fr. 

D'fliRD, Tosef. Maasr. I, 7 ed. Zuok., v. baa. 

"fflSSjQ m. (b. h.; lax) 1) command, order. Ab. V, 1 
'31 ins 'aa sbm could not the universe have been created 
by one divine command?— Meg. 21 b ; B. Hash. 32" miDSia 
Slrt 'a i»5 the first verse of Genesis is also to be consider- 
ed a command. Gen. B. s. 4 'aa t>ilbn...&ian the upper 
waters are suspended (in the air) by a divine ordain- 
ment; Taan. 10 a .— Sabb. 63 a niasaa rtlSa nwsn who 
executes a divine command as it has been ordained; a. 
e.— PI. rvilasa. Ab. 1. c. 'SI 'a niffiSa the world was 
created by ten divine orders (counting nine laSil in Gen. 
ch.I, and the first verse, v. supra). — 2) word, esp. maamar, 
the Yabam's betrothal (v. da;) hy word of mouth, con- 
trad, to the consummation of marriage (rtjjpa). Yeb. II, 1 
'a na ffiBS if he betrothed her to himself; Y. ib. 3 C IPS 
'SI 'a Kin what is a maamar with regard to a Y'bamah? 
Saying, 'Be betrothed unto me', while handing to her 
money or money's worth, lb. 1o13 'a betrothal consum- 
mates the yabam's marriage (carrying with it all the legal 
consequences of his marriage), v. laj; a. v. fr. 

S$~lZ3ltfZD, constr.lasa ch. same, word, sentence. Targ. 
Prov. XVI, 24. Targ. Can t.V, 13; a.e.— PI. S^ap, constr. 
ilasa. Targ. Prov. IV, 5 (ed. Lag. "1 tt^iasa). " 

I^H, Pi. "|Sia, yxq (b. h.; v. PS) to deny, refuse, esp. 
1) (of a woman betrothed in childhood, on arriving at 
majority) to protest against, to annul one's marriage. 
Yeb. XIII, 1 fflbllS S^S PiKaa PS* only betrothed (not 

married) women may have their obligation cancelled. Ib. 
'31 tWap Sim niKaa she may protest (have her marriage 
cancelled) even while yet a minor, and even four or five 
times in succession. Ib. 2 yxab rtailStt) . . . IPS what minor 
is bound to make declaration (before leaving her husband)? 
— Ib.4 Ol ffiisa ttisaan if a woman refuses her husband 
by declaration, he is permitted to marry her kindred (who 
otherwise would be forbidden to him); a. v. fr. — 2) to 
advise a protest. Eduy. VI, 1 '31 bijsaata that the court 
eventually advises women married as minors to protest ; 
Nidd. 8 a ; Ber. 27 a ,— -V. ■pOTa. 

IssD ( who?, whatl, which?; (relat.)who,whieh. 
[Targ. la.] Sabb. 57 a , a. fr. '31 131 'a, v. 131 1. Yeb. 107 b 
1? Illh sb 'a who is meant by 'they did not agree with 
him'? Ib., a. fr. S3M 'a who is the authority for the law 
just quoted?, i. e. whose opinion is here represented? — 
Hull. 50 a mi 'a las somebody said; Bets. 27 a ; M. Kat. 
22 a ; (Nidd. 48 a SliT '1). Y. Kil. IX, 32 b '31 TS3 'a f|h pIB 
go out and see who it is that wants thee outside (an in- 
timation of a teacher's displeasure); Gen. B. s. 33 (some 
ed. la). Ber. 30 b ; Hull. 7 a '31 Siaa 'a nn see how great 
a man gives testimony about him. Y. Maas. Sh. II, 53 b 
bot. '31 lasi 'a according to him who says &c; a. v. 
fr— V. fa. 

^D,"^, ^12, ]12, MO m. (v.preced.) [thing,] 
1) vessel, utensil. Targ. Ps. II, 9. Targ. Lev. XI, 33; a. fr. 
(interch. with la, la).— B. Kam. 17 b ian S*HSn 'a it was 
a broken vessel he broke. Ib. piMs'a ian ma we judge by 
the final cause by which the vessel was broken; a. v. iv.—Pl. 
■)i5Sa,S , ;_3Sa,iJS»,'5a. Targ.Ex.XI,2; b ian 
ilian'abroke broken vessels (pretending to be angry); a. fr. 
—2) (cmp. ^garment, dress. Ib. 1 13 b ; Snh. 94 a miSab ilp 
'31 called his dress (garments) &c, v. 1331; B. Kam. 91 b 
iJSab (corr. ace; v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.).— B. Mets. 47 a 'aa 
rtia lipab 14)31 (symbolical possession has been given) by 
means of a garment fit for the purpose ; a. fr. — PI. as ab. 
Ber. 6 a . Y.KiL IX, 32 b top; Y.Eeth.XII, 35 a top ii5Sa, v. 
Sta; a. fr.— 3) (=h. pip) [handle,] coulter of the plough. 
B, Mets. 80 a . 

&£$D (b. h. ; cmp. bda) [to melt, faint,] (with a) to be 
tired of, loathe; (with accus.) to cast away, reject. Ber. 8 a 
'31 intona dsia rt"apn PS the Lord never tires of the 
prayer of assemblies. Sifra B'huck. ch. Ill, Par. 2 SSIa 
diinsa despises others (for being his betters); (ib. SSia 
duns, corr. ace). Tanh. Mishp. 11'31 1&sa "Q3 theirgod has 
rejected them; Ex. B. s. 81. Ib. '31 IJBSalB naS is it true 
that thou hast rejected thy son?; a. fr.: — Part. pass. bISa, 
f. rtbisa; pi. Diwsa, Pbisa; ntoisa. Midr. Till, to Ps. 
LXXV, 9 (play on ba3, Deut. XXXII, 34) WWX& bla3 
reserved for the rejected (nations; differ, in Sifre Deut. 
324) ; Der. Er. ch. II drtipsa 'art those who are despised 
in their own eyes (think little of themselves) ; a. e. 

Nif. bsas to be repulsive, loathsome; to be rejected. 
.Sifra B'huck. Par. 2, ch.VIII (ref. to Lev. XXVI, 44)... iSi 
lbSJ.3 sVffll l&saj sVffl . . what has been left to them so 
that (it might be said) they were not cast away and 
loathed?; Yalk. Lev. 675 (corr. ace). Hag. 5 a 'i1 and be- 


Targ. Y. Lev. XXVI, 44; a. e. 
melt, faint. Targ. Ps. Lyill, t 

mi2, oh. 

- Ithpe. OiXHX, v. &7»a.' ,,..., 

D^JD m. (preced.) rejection, contempt Lam. if. introd. 
(E. Abba 2) STiIri 'btt5-ta*a the contempt of the 1 Law; (Y. 

Hag.i, 76 c niinaD&xa T "is). ■'''■''' '■""''' 

N05$Q m-.pbS) fteafer. Targ. Job XXXI, 18 Tar. Ms. 
(ed. Nas?,'Ms.: zauej.— PI. "pase?, oonstr. ifi«a. lb. XIII, 4 
lasa?' (not I0«a3)l 

fllDNjQ f. (b. h.; MSK) something baled, batch. Men. 
V, 9 HB13 SlBKa, v. r\&t3. Erub. VII, 10 Stll n&to 'a "iSN 
flWiB even a batch of a S'ah but consisting of broken 
pieces; Y. ib. VI, 23 d top. Ab. Zar. 35 b , v. WIS. 

"'SOT ch. same. Targ. 0. Lev. II, 4 ed. Berl. (oth.ed. 

na . ., ns . .). 

;©OT m. (b. h.; test) darkness. Tanh. B'midb. 2. »> 
D3tei*»'„'. "W did I not myself illumine your darkness? 

n^SNlQ f. (b. h. ; preced.) 1) darkness, gloom. Yalk. 
Jer. 2 T 67 (ref. to Jer. II, 31) 'a yiH «Wl nsj 6W11B ',, WOW 
did I tell them that it was a beautiful land, and it was 
a land of gloom?— 2) (homil.) lateness, procrastination. 
Ib.'3l Saia hViBIKa X'"1(corr. ace.) another interpretation ; 
did I promise to bring you good things and procrastinate 
it? ttWpbft -jlfflV six 'a "psl, v. ntfy&tl'; Tanh. B'midb. 2; 
Mase 9; Num. E. s. 1 ; s. 23; Yalk. Sum. 683. 

1^»^lOTfe^,v.^IV., . ... ,.,.;■ 

\FHi$D; / " l i$Df. (b. h.; 11!*) c ««*se ; evil ; decrease, dir 
struction, opp. iiaia. Ber. 20*' '51 'a Nan curse (poverty) 
will come upon him &c. ; Y. Dem. II, 22 d bot.; Y. Peah 
V, end, 19 a . Y. Snh. X, 28 b ; ib. 29 d 'a )m flab®} (not 
nabffll) curse (poverty) was given power over them. Tanh. 
B'resh. 11 "cb nfnbla TSS na why should we give birth 
for curse (to see our offspring perish)? ; Gen. B. s. 23. Ib. 
s. 34.— Sifra Thazr., Par. 5, ch. XIV (ref. to niKaH, Lev. 
Xin, 51) '31 'a la -|fl put a curse on it (the garment) 
that no use be made thereof. Bets. 15 b 'a "495. lttH these 
(being the last to leave) are poor men. Tosef. Kidd. 1, 1 i 
'a fib Kfnn (Var. siia) she will be cursed; a. fr. — PL 
niixa,- .^xa.^ Tosef. B. Bath. VI, 2 nsai 'a ia» (ed. Zuck. 
natoi taila) ten spotted (bitter) pumpkins out of each 

.. ,*n& > Ti!StS C(tp«-,-, dial., for .S)13 or Spftj v. n&ilSa a. 

nsiin) ; storae^ rake.— PL nisilita. * Shebi; :V>, 4 ed/.(Msi M. 


.. ■"'"Wi pr. n. m., v. "na. 

'■ j£D'HJ$Q m. (01$) == 8&11K, tenant. Lev. E. s. 5, end 
fiin HOa 'a . Ill ; David, was a smart tenant (that knows 
how to persuade the landlord to reduce the rent). 

^DHltfQ = "js-itA na. Mekh. B'shall., Vayassa, s. 1, v. 

?1&j;Q m. (918 I, v. Slisa) that which is struck against, 
object of attack, mark Targ. Job VII, 20 (h. text SSSa). 

: l^^n^D, fcGHSJQj constr. 9l!*a, '«a, '?a, 'a m. (91K II) 
ttJ"ilp T/ a Ao/^ convocation, festival. Targ. 6. Lev. XXIII, 
3; 8 '?a, '9a ed. Berl. (oth. ed. 'Sis); Y. '»»; a. fr.— PI. 
constr! ■VtWO,- '?a. Ib. 4; a. fr. 

■;^a, v.m ■• 

-m*ntown,v. xna. 

■JT8A1Q,' "JinKa, v.nsa. 

"'i&jDHj "^-G^ pr.n.m. Mabgay, a Samaritan name. 
Mace. li a ; Gen.E.s.80 (isasa), v. 1M.— Erub.64 b ; Tosef. 
Pes. I (II), 27 "Oaffl 'a my name is M. 

fcCrjrQH m - Of 3 ) causing shame, degenerate. Targ. 
Prov. X, 5; XVII, 2; a. e. 

'■ ^1212, pi. nisiaa, v.^taa.- 

■ . rWllD m. ch.— h. liaa, Erub. 15 a . B.Bath. 21 b *p. 
'a the inmate (of a building) in an alley. Keth. 77 b X^nn 

' JVOD pr. n. m. Mabog, Zeb. 9 b . 

' "'IjiQ m. (b. h. xian ; xia) entrance, gate, esp. entrance 
to a group of buildings, alley, lane. Erub. 1, 1 XiniB 'a 
'31 Hia!t ail entrance the joist over which lies higher than 
&c. Ib. 8 b '-Vn3..i1ffl9n 'a an alley formed like a. polyp 
(with side entrances beside the main gateway). Tosef. 
ib. I, 2 nnS W 'a an alley which has the shape 
of a gate (archway); a. fr.— PI. 'Hikiaa (fern.)/ B. Bath. 
21 b 'a iia inmates of the same alley. Y. Ber. II, 4 b top 
niSJlaan 'a filthy alleys ; a. fr. 

'T^Om. (b.h.;>ai; v.Eriedr.Del.Proleg.,p.l22)^ecay, 
destruction. Gen.E.s.lOO'aiTiiBainordertoacceleratethe 
decay (of my body in the ground; Midr. Haggad. brna!"J). 
Snh. 108 b IBS bffl 'a a destruction by fire; Ci^a bffl ' 'a by 
wajter; Gen. E. s. 39. Tosef. Taan.III(II), 1 11153 b3 ittJ/a a 
destruction of all flesh (flood, Gen. IX, 11) ; 14J3 bv ..'a .ed. 
: Zuck,HVar. bi+mi b«J 'a) of individuals; ib. ii«ia fitltl ^ 

this (drowning) is his mabbul (v. infra) ; 131 blB 'a an epi- 
demic— Esp, ('art) the flood of Noah's days. Snh. X, 3, v. 
111. Gen. B. s. 31 'an "nlMSt the men of the flood-period; 
a. v. fr. 

fcWilH ch. same. Targ. Hah. Ill, 6; a. e.— Gen. B. s. 
33 'aa . . . Jl3i3 !*b Palestine was not submerged during 
the flood ; Cant. B. to IV, 1. Gen. B. s. 32, v. f)la eh. ; a. fr. 

1N3H m. (b. h.; SM) well, spring. Koh. B. to XII, 7 
(ref. to Koh. ib. 6) '31 ilsKBra bs> . . . kj 113 the (drawing) 
pitcher of Barukh over the well (of prophecy) of Jere- 
miah : -p"0 >IB lSiaa ^S ... 113 the (pouring) pitcher of 
Jeremiah over the well (of inspiration) of Barukh ; Lam. 
B.introd. (B. Josh. 2).— PL DiSiaa.fSlaa. Mekh.B'shall., 
Vayassa, s. 1 ; Yalk. Ex. 257 ; a. e. 

ytfSQ, \X$tf2D ch. same. Targ. Jer. XVIII, 14 (ed. 
Wil. iJKiaa pi.). Targ. Pro v. XIV, 27; a. e.— T. Ab. Zar. 
V, 44 d 'SI 'a Stn the well is before thee, drink ! (i. e. do 
what you please, I shall not assist you). Y. Dem. I, 22 a 
top '31' l^iaa rrt> our well does not supply us.— Pi. "fsiaa, 
iSifia. Targ. 0. Ex. XV, 27. Targ. Is. XLIX, 10; a. e., v. 
supra.— [Targ. Ps. CIV, 6 ysi&a Ms., v. SWiaa.] 

S$~)"QQ m. (v. Klaa) ferry-man. Hull. 94 a fiiaa (not 
niliaa) our ferry-man, v. &i& ch. 

JSS'GD m. (SIS) shred of a garment.— P?. TS]aa. Targ. 
Ps. CIV,Y(Ms. ysiaa). 

WQD m. (= &»iaba; *s rejected as in npa, fr. npb, 
cmp.SipJDa fr. p&3; v. I^H) broom. Targ. Is. XIV, 23 
(some ed. incorr. 'Da).— Gen. B. s. 79 end VwBK mall* 
'31 Tp^aa ^ (not *paaa, "psaa) wanted to say, Lend me 
thy broom, and she said, Lend me ^BKOa ; [Y. Meg. II, 73 a 
bot. niia^K ; correct etymol. s. v. «;*>a>»]. 

JASS^QD f. (Sia) the uppermost part of the gullet. 
Hull. 43 b 1 expi. atunh pnm. 


SSZTDDD pr. n. m. Mabsima. Y. Maasr. V, end, 52 a 

■p&OSQ'Ar., v. tretoia. 

ltfin&2Q m. (IDS V)despiser; haughty.— PI. 
Targ.Ys.LXVIII, 17.' Ib. CXXIII, 4. 


TSQD> v. 1S3. [Tosef. B.Kam. IX, 1 "Waaill, read 
with ed.' Zuck. nsaam.] 

^"QKl m. (= Kiasa ; las) ferry, ford, crossing board. 
Hull. 94 a 'aa las was crossing on a ferry-boat ; Keth. 105 b 

'aa las on a board (cmp. xbaa). Huii.95 a 'aVaaaihinin 

was sitting by the ford of &c, v. h'lBSWJ'W. Ib. b 'aa pTta 
made the readiness of a ferry-boat a foreboding test 
(whether it was auspicious to undertake the journey). 

nn"QD f - (t??)' a woman making an assignment 
before marrying in order to exclude her husband from 
the right of inheritance. Keth. 79 a 'a Ibid the document 
of assignment. B.Bath. 150 b '31 rtS*ns 'a a mabrahath 
must assign all her belongings. Ib. 151 a "Op 'a (sub. IBtD) 
an assignment of a woman &c. gives possession to the 
assignee (although it is merely formal) ; a. e. 

"H3/G CDQ) f. (inf. Af. of K13) strengthening food 
(v. n'xian). Targ. Ps. XLII, 4 (ed. T Wil. 'a). 

I^-QQ, Y. Hall. I, 58 a top, ed. Krot., v. , p3a. 

&tfiD"QD pr. n. pi. (v. next w.) Mabrakhta, a caravan 
station and market near Mahoza. Erub. 47 b 'ab 1HS*1 1131 
rams that came to M. (on a Holy Day). Ib. 'a -i» the 
inhabitants of M.; ib. 61 b . Keth. 10 a , v. Ban. 

nrp-DZ3 (fcttfi"!^)*- (^ 3 ; cmp.Gen.XIV, 11) a 
caravan (of camelsj. Y. keth. XIII,35 d top rraiS'hnvi 'a 
a caravan passed (Shiloh); Y. Sot. I, 17 a top; Gen. B. s. 

85 sail) ittaa ... 'a. 

'&O"1£03Q m. (ipUJa) [what is known by searching,] 
innermostjtrue nature (corresp. to b. h. Ipn).— PI. iSlptiJaa. 
Targ. Job XXXVII, 16 (h. text ^Ba, cmp. 12&S I). ' ' 

tfrQQ, ^fflSlSD f. (ma) night-lodging. Targ. Jer. 
XIV, 8 (some ed. ansa). Targ. Is. I, 8 'a b&IS (ed. "Wil. 
Xttinaa, corr. ace. ; Begia XMHaa ; some ed. 'aa, corr. ace.) 
the hammock for night-lodging (h. text nsiba). — 'a rva 
(^a) lodging place. Targ. Gen. XLII, 27; a. e.— Targ. Jer. 
ix, i nnaa (nnaa, constr.). 

WWD, v. xaaa. 

W^a, v. *os?a. v 

,ri!Il3P f. (naa) collection. Y. Keth. IX, 33 b bot.; Y. 
Gitt. VJ 46 d . top^lbn lain 'aa it (the widow's right of 
alimentation) depends on (ceases with) the collection of 
her widowhood; Y. Shebu. V, 36 b bot.— Y. Meg. I, 70 b 
bot.; B. Mets. 78 b , 106 b ; '31 tnilS naaa the collection for 
Purim must be given to the poor for the Purim festival; 
Tosef. Meg. I, 5 masa. Ib. TWi rvaaa what has been 
collected in one town. Lev. B. s. 5 tpaafiVnpIS haSa pDS 
the business of collecting contributions for the mainte- 
nance of students; Esth.B. to I, 4 Dia3tt naaa. 

St^ijQ, &t^35 m. (35 3; cmp. Syr. K^aSa coaguluni, 
P. Sm. ! 2001) [astringent,] alum.—a&V 'a ('a) (v. nV'SII) 
liquid alum. Sabb. 110 a (in a prescription) 'a Mil \ptia 
'a Ar. (ed. »ias, Ms. M. only ^aaa; Ms. O. S^aia) alum of 
"the weight of a Zuz. Men. 42 b bot. ^i, 'a (Ms.E.2 JS^a, 
v. Babb. B. S. a. 1. note 8). - 

TiT^SD pr. n. m. Magbilah, Y. Ber. Ill, 6 a bot. 'a' 
•JUS *I3 'Ka'tt '11 "WiS; Y. Naz. VII, 56 a n^i25; Pesik. R. S. 
33 Ji!sas, naibai* (corr. ace). 

. fcSSTpSWP f. (dial, for SttYSaa; t|S3; cmp. Sam. "Siaa, 
Lev. XIX,' 14, a; ">aaa Ex. XXIII, 33; v. Frankel Zeitschr. 
f. Assyriol., April 1894, p. 3) stumbling block. Targ. Is. 
Ill, 6 (h. text il!jU»a). 

•UU m. (v. next w.) megeg, a species of reed. Par. 
Ill, 9 ;' Tosef. ib. Ill (II), 9;'aiS) bail a rope made of »«. ; 
Erub.58 a . 

aXD (cmp. aia) to soften, dissolve, steep. Y. Slaas. Sh. 
II, 53 c top rYlKat) tWa aaia you may steep (fenugrec in 
a lotion) with levitically unclean hands. 

Kithpalp. aaaann to be dissolved, melt. Pesik. E. s. 21 
,(ref. to tTCiiaa, p's. lxxv, 4) -|*>im aaaarra aVissi rvirc iaa 

the world would have gone on melting away; Cant. R. 
to VII, 1 baaana (transpos.). 

■ XXQ ch., v. aiach. 

MJD m. (preced.) solution, maceration.— PI. ijjra. 
Pes. loV'a -iDibn 13 KTOilB Ar.(ed. ^aa/Ms. M. TiaiS ; Ms. 
,M..2 lastta; Ms.O. liiMa) a date beer of thirteen solutions 
(the same water poured oyer thirteen basins of crushed 

1X12 m. (b. h.; Iia, as iaa fr. 11a; cmp. ia fortune) 
iallotteol gift,] precious goods, esp. fine fruit.— PI. n^iaa. 
Sabb. 127 b 'a "«ia all sorts of delicacies. 

&v[.3Q> ^1Q, X^12l ch. same, precious ware, fine 
fruit.— PI. y*W3,'!*£tta, ^sa, 'Jia. Targ. Job IX, 26. Targ. 
Y. Ex. XV, 19'. Targ. Y. Deut'. XXVIII, 23. Ib. XXXin, 
13, sq., v. f?-iaa. [Targ. Y. I Num. XXII, 7 "paDipl yStno 
jewels of divination (?) ; Y. II •pas* letters.']— Ken. 43 b 
">iaai ipalB&iK spices and choice fruits. 

MJJD, J X^12 II f. (las), constr.maa, guidance, lead- 
ing string. Targ. Hos. XI, 4 (ed. Wil. niSa) ; cmp. Kia-fl. 


?1XD m. (b.h. ; bia) tower, iwref. Sapb.XIH, 5. Tosef. 
Ohol. XVIII, 5 'aa . . . £03381 he who enters gentile lands . . . 
in a portable turret. Ohol. IV, 1, v. "Ml*. Hag. 15 b ; Snh. 
i06 b three hundred halakholh (about levitical cleanness) 
"Plita hllSII 'aa concerning a turret flying (moving) in 
the air (cmp. Tosef. I. a); [oth. opin. = 111S3. laisn 'a, 
Ohol. l.c.;foroth. explan. v. RashitoHag. a. Snh.l.c,]. — 
Erub. 34 a laiDa T^KIB 'a a turret which is not fastened 
(which can be let up and down). Kel. XII, 3 .'"fcsa b» 'a 
'31 a turret (spice chest) of private people, &1XB11 iffl 
of physicians. Tosef. Sot. Ill, 10 'a SHBSK the builders of 
the Tower of Babel, v-Siab&Sl; a. fr.— PI. ts^?a, fV*™, 
WiVjSB. Y.B.Bath.IV, 14« bot. ; Tosef. ib. Ill,' 3 'a"h the 
turrets (store closets) in bath-houses. Tosef. Kel. B, Mets, 

II, 8, v. *33!|pia. B. Mets. 25 a 'a3 "pW; Tosef. ib. II, 7 
mViaa rYMtas coins piled up pyramidally; ib.'pbiaa'jriSpa 
some of them piled up ; a. fr.— Esp. Viaa pr. n. pi. Migdal, 
Magdala, near Tiberias. Tosef. Erub! VI (V), 13; Y.ib. 
V, 22 d bot.— In compounds: !»?», e. g. "lis 'a, aiin 'a, v. 
respective determinants. 

b*Un, K^tfE, ^ '^B «h. same. Targ. Is. II, 15. 
Targ. Gen. XI, 4 (ed. Berl. 'a). Targ. Jud. VIII, 9 ; a. fr — 
PI. K'jViaa, 'ato. Targ. II Chr. XXVI, 9, sq. Targ. Ez. 
xxxvfil, 26 (h. text matin); a. fr. — Esp. ti&tia, 'vm 
Magdala, v. preced. Y. Snh. II, beg. 19 d 'ma 8lV pis he 
fled to M.; Y. Hor. Ill, beg. 47 a 'al S13 pis (read: Klb, 
sub. J*niIP33) to the synagogue (and school house) ofM.; 
ib. 'al K13 he is in the synagogue of M.; Y. Snh. 1. c. 20 a 
top 'a xnha; Midr. Sam. cti. VII 5Wi32 V-lM. Y. Maasr. . 

III, 50° top. Koh. R. to X, 8 'al SttHBisa, v. supra; a. fr.— 
In compounds: Vtta, _ "i Stbiaa, v. respective determinants. 

; JlSJ^P/^^^D, 'X^U m. (preced.) of Magdala, 
surname of several scholars. B. Mets. 25 a , a. e., v. pnS\ 
Y. Ber. IX, 14 a top; Y. Taan. I, 64 b top; a. e. 

T\T\XU f. (hty 1) child's nurse. Lev. R. s. 36, end.— 
2) hair -dresser, hand-maid, v. nV^a. 

"pJD, Koh. R. to VII, 26 some ed., v. -TOO. 

"j^'fTjD, XD m. pi. ch. (v. iaa) precious goods. Targ. 
O. GenT XXIV, 53 (Y. ynmi, hVtext niSISa). Targ. O. 
Deut. XXXIII, 13, sq., v. OTaa. 

iaa, i 31a, v . 

3"UH m. (aaa) rake, an agricultural implement with 
many teeth, forming a sort of sieve to separate the grain 
from the chaff. Kel. XIII, 7; T-'bul Yom IV, 6; [Ar. s. v.: 
a sort of glove, oth. expl.: reading ai|a, fr. 3a3, an im- 
plement for drying the grain by winnowing]. 

-TI3Q (b. h.) pr. n. gent. Magog, 'aiaia Gog and Magog, 
the two T allied nations, the defeat of which, it is believed, 
will precede the redemption of Israel (v. Ez ; XXXVIII, 
sq.). Eduy. II, 10 '31 'al 'a aSffla the judgment of Gogand 
Magog in the Messianic days will last twelve months. 
Ber. 13 a 'al aia rianba the war with G. a. M. Snh. 95 b ; 
a. fr. 

^^JiDm. (iaa; cmp. lia) a frame to spread clothes' on. 
B. Mets. T 30 a ; Pes. 26 b '31'a...a"3) nsnBJBi !S>..lri1i3!* the 
finder must not spread a lost object in his charge over 
a bed or a frame for his own use. 

tf&lXQvr. n. f. (?) M'goseth. Yeb. VIII, 4 (79 b ) 'a.-,3 
one Ben M. 

^^piM, v. snpaa a. mtpm. 
<l^ ! W!2f.(pj ! iai),constr.nS!iaa i)b,ung,stopp,er J Kel,l'S.,i. 

ib.X,3, v. brtbrt.— 2) the clay used for sealing wine vessels, 
sealing clay. Y. Ber. IX, 13 d bot. 'art rJliBhtt) *1S so much 
rain that the sealing clay looks as if dissolving ; T. Taan. 
I, 64 b top(nott)llBniB); a.e.— 3) an air-tight vessel. Tosef. 

Bets. II, 14; Y. ib. II, 61 c bot. 'aS -^biaSa V«rl they 

brought the burniDg perfume (laaia) into the dining room 
(on a Holy Day) in an air-tight vessel. 

fctflDIJP ch. same, stopper ; clay-seal. Targ.O. a.Y.I 
Num/xiX, i5 (Y.II &BT«TlB). Targ. Y. ib. 9.— PI. tittWOa. 
Targ. Joel I, 17 yihnBWa (h. text brrrfilSa I). 

11HX12 m. (b. h.; 11SI) 1) dwelling, neighborhood. Sabb. 
149 b (expl. -j-ili, Ps. T, 5) 51 SftiSaS 11)'' &6 a bad man 
shall not dwell in thy neighborhood; Hag. 12 b evil shall 
not &c. ; a. e— *2) rest, stand. Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. IV, 20 
(E. S. to Kel. V, 11 "Ma). 

"TUD, JSTUQ neighbor, v. "Paa. 

JTTUQ I f. (b. h.; 115, v. ftis, SMIIS) store-room; bin 
for wheat.'flgs &c; reservoir. Pes. 4 b , a. e. till"* nirta 'a 
a store-house full of provision. Maasr. I, 8, v. baS; a. e. — 
Tosef. Mikv. 1, 17 '=1 blpb*i V>U5 'a (ed. Zuck. bT8\ corr. 
ace.) the water-reservoir of Discus in Jabneh; Y. Ter. 
VIII, 45 b 'SI bit) raiSa; Kidd. 66 b mpbl btt) 'a.— Trnsf. 
(v. S"Hiax) pericarp of nuts, almonds &c; drupe. Maasr. 
I, 2 nuts are subject to tithes 'a ifflSHUa from the time 
they form drupes; Tosef. ib. I, 1; Y. ib. I, 48 d bot.— Gen. 
E.s. 18 '31 niliaa rtS rtiS (read mviaa) he built in woman's 
body one store-room (the womb) more than in man; 
(Brub. 18 a sq. 121!* •pSS.S).— PI. niliaa. B. Bath. IV, 6 (67 b ) 
biabttJ 'a (Ms. M. finsa) reservoirs. ' Kel. XIX, 7 rtSIB 'a 
the drawers in a chest. Tosef. ib. B. Kam. II, 7 . . "pban ma 
'SI 'a 'a ilttJSri a wooden spice box having compartments 
(partitions) without lids. Ib. B. Mets. VIII, 1 'artlO rtTUD 
'Sl rtbll) (ed. Zuck. niTSa, corr. ace.) a chest whose drawers 
are inside (not protruding). Yalk. Cant. 992, v. rtTiSX. 

rn'UO II f. (IIS I) a court containing several dwell- 
ings. Erub. 70 b (Eashi: a barn divided off, v. preced.).— 
PI. Hhwa (or Mhiaa) neighborhood, neighbors. Gen. B. 
s. 99 ; Tanh. Vayhi 9, v. SnilSa. 

HTDQ, Y. Sabb. XVI, end, 15 d rtSli "Vl 'aa, read 

rrniaa, v. T\aa. 

"©"YUD, Lam. E. to II, 22, Ar. ed. Koh., v. T^Sa. 
nn")i^D f. si«>#, v. mnaa. 
rfliJQft l) =i-niaal, q. v.— 2) v. sriaia. 
RZTfiXQ, ttSfTPSB t. ch. i) =h. rtiiaaii, cow*! 

neighborhood. Y.Sabb.XVI,end,15 d [read:] rtWiiaaa..rt>S5 
'Sl a fire broke out in the court of B. J.; Y. Yoma VHI, 
45 b rTWViaaS; Y. Ned. IV, 38 d — 2) neighbor, v. T<aa. 

t25l323 m. magian, sorcerer. Sabb. 75 a . Sot. 22 a 'a T'rt 
he is a magian (saying words he does not understand). 

SttZirUQ eh. same. Yoma 35 a Ms. M. (ed. NlDiaax). Sot. 
22 a (prov.) 'Sl xbl 'a 'pDTthe magian mumbles and under- 
stands not What he says. 

XFklH-ID f. (preced.) the magian's practices,- y. 

NHmD, •) U m. (lis) cutting tool, sickle, pruning 
knife!— PI. 'plSa, Va. ' Targ. H Sam. XII, 31 (h. text 
niltaa).— Y.Sabb. VI,'8 b bot. (expl. rYnata,Is.II,4),'p'W» 

XfjUD, v. KBJiIJB. 

^D, v. aia. 

T^D m. (Taj) speaker, preacher. Pes. 52 b (play on 
Hos. IV, 12 lb TV lbpal) lb 'a lb bp^art bs whoever makes 
it easy for him, is his preacher. — PI. bi^sa, constr. "'T'Sja. 
Brub. 53 b , v. rlbbs. 

rfOTTUQj Yalk. Num. 786, read mailBtt 

DTJD» Num. E. s. 4, end, v. biT»Sa. 

nrJD (fOTD) pr., (cmp. smrtta) M'gimh (Pass), 
Mazaca, later Caesarea, capital of Cappadocia. Yeb. 25 b 
KipblSp njiaa; (Y.ib.H, end,4 b NiipTfipSll) 'pbip; Tosef. 
ib. IV, 5 'Spa'only). Y. ib. XVI, 15 d top 'Sp bit) 'aa; Tosef. 
ib. XIV, 5 'Sp rVta (Var.rVTfl; Bab.ib. 121» WHg; Koh. 
E. to XI, 1 rvra).' Tosef. Sabb. XV (XVI), 8 "ta (Var. 
naiTa). M. Kat, 26 a iidp rvia (Ms. M. -i-ibp. wno), 

^rfflPJD,. v. an.'paan. 

SS)if»jD I, Xfl|j|Df. (m or m), constr. nraa, was 

/br<?, jiass. Targ. Il' Sam. XIX, 19. Targ. Num. XXI, 11; 
a. e.— PI. XrYpaa, 'Ma. Targ. Y. Num. XXXIII, 45. Targ. 
Jer. XXII, 20; a. e* 

X?irjZ3 II f. (IIS) arbitrary decision, 'rft vi the 
arbitration practice of untrained magistrates, opp. to 
learned courts. B. Mets. 30 b ViTb 'al s)fi (i^a) Kbs< ed. 
(Ms. M. Sflbiaa, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1, note) what else should 
they have done (in lieu of deciding according to the law 
of the Torah)? Should they have followed the practice 
of the arbitrators?— V. &mb">aa H. 

T&1Q, WfrjJQ, v.sub 'baa. 
-h]2,y.)^. ' J- 

I^H (T'JD),,shield,protecti(m. 
Targ.'Deut. XXXII, 38 (some Ms. 1Sa,Y. ed. Amst.^aa); 
a.e.— Gen. E.s. 59, end ni|iaaa tpas he swung his shield ; 
Yalk. ib. 107; Yalk. Sam. 158. Gen. E. s. 77, end twaa 
'Sl l jT>H the shield of the one against that of the other; 
a. e.-Pl.)">i^,iA^^. Targ.I KingsX,17(ed.Wil. yiia); 
a. e. — Kijfaa ma pr. n. pi. Beth Maginnaya (Shield- 
House). Kil. VI, 4 Y. ed. (Bab. ed.'a. Mish. M^aarl ma; 
Ms. M. xisaart ; Tosef. ib. iv, 7 YOTmn ma). 

TlTSD, v.naaa. . 

D" 1 JD, .&JID (or -&5Q) m. (v. bbS) fray, ffafe. Yoma 
VI, 7 ; Pes. V, 10 'Sl piDpril 'aa "jsna" he put thenv (the 
' parts belonging on the altar) on a tray and burned them 
&c. Ib. 65 b Unb ibpa rtisia 'aa 1B» Var. in Eashi (v* Eabb. 


D. S.a. 1. note 60 ; ed. 'SI ttiaia Kin 1BN) did he bum them 
on the very plate?; Yoma 67 b fb IBpa 'a3 (IBS) far. 
in Bashi a. Tosaf. (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 9). Kel. XVI, 1 
Dion (ed. Dehr. biAafl; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. V, 10 rilSp). 
Y. Yoma V, beg, 42 b 'a 6p Kaf (Mish. V, 1) means plate. 

SS&WD, N&WD ch. 1) same, jtfafe, disfc. Targ. Ps. 
CXXIII,Y'31 'a . . ■ppiiia looking out for (the remnant 
of) a dish at the hands of their masters (in ed. Wil. our 
w. omitted); Targ. Y. Num. XI, 6 (not pillal).— Ley. E. 
s. 28 ^S 'a him "(TO whenever a dish was brought in ; 
ib. W>S ibttal 1V01 as soon as a dish of mine comes in; 
(Koh. E. to I, 3 KVnDan).— PI. fCUSa, SS;*bi3a, '13a. Targ. 
0. Num. IV, 7 (ed. Amst. 'iS»); a. fr.— Targ! Ez. XIII, 19 
6HVl fblJa (not '3a ; ed. Lag. f^Dtta) plates with morsels 
from the tables (h. text ininB).— Lev. E. 1. c. '13a iia*s 
'31 )"ptQ why are the plates carried out without having 
been tasted? — 2) (=Lat. accubatio) dinner, banquet. Koh. 
, E. to I, 3 XVrtH ?|&ira yttal that I came for the sake of 
thy dinner. Lam. T E.'to I, 1 THI [read:] iT* T>aSl Mitel* 
Jt&ito (or XPbiJa) he took him into his house and pre- 
pared a dinner for Mm.— [Targ. Y. Ex. XXVIII, 39 trta, 
v. MSI ch.]— [Pesik. Ha'omer, p. 70 a "]bi3a, v. bili».] 


yHp^XO, 'WD m. (magister) a high imperial of- 
ficer (v. Sm. Int.'s! v.). Ex. E. s. 30 'xb T*ip aip put the 
Magister in stocks. Lev. E. s. 28 '31 lltibs 'a TOSI 'jKa 
he who used to appoint the Magister Palatii is now to 
be made a bather &c. — PI. ilBpi3a (magistri). Gen. E. 
s. 26 (expl. bToTal, Deut. II, 20,' v. ball) iBbiM *,iaiiD3a 
nanba (some ed. 'Sa iiaitaaa; Yalk. ib. 47 iBbisa •poaisa) 
read : '31 ilBbiJai 'JilibSa mensores (camp-surveyors) and , 
magistri militum (chief commanders). 

■131"nab" l jD, Targ. II Esth. IX, 3 (Var. i31BbiJa, 'bla, 
isiaba, 13132133) read: iblbbiM m. pi. (magistratus) of- 
ficials (h. text CfiJBIIffins). T " 

fctFj&WD, 'WD I f. (v. NbiSa) tray, plate. Targ. O. 
Num.Vil, 13 (ed. Amst. 'ptaj'h. text SlISp); a. fr.— PI. 
SHbiJa, '13a. Y. Snh. VIII, end, 26 c [read:] unbiJa abia 
131a to steal my (silver) plate. 

fctrjlQWD, 'WD II f. (bis I) haughtiness, violence. B. 
Kam/llV 'al SOUa (Ms. M. "Dal; Eashi in early prints 
''TBlSa; oth. vers. 'tlSa; Ms. P. XllSo read XblSa, v^Babb. 
D. S. a. 1. note) in a court of violence, opp. 1x111 h a reg- 
ular Persian courts. V. XFttiSa II. 

i"!DWD,N?)S^D,v. S ub'saa. 
- "I WD rest, v. 113a. 

1WD,^WD, (njD,^D,) 'W£ m. ( h.m; v. 

nilSaii) fellow-inhabitant, neighbor. Koh. E. to II, 20; 
Lev. E. s. 25 'al rV*lfOK- the wife of a neighbor (of the 
old man). Y, Yoma VIII, 45 b ; Y. Ned. IV, end, 38 d Siin 
'31 fliliJa was a neighbor of (living in the same court 
with) E. J.; Y. Sabb. XVI, end, 15 d fillSaa (corr. ace). 
Y. B. Bath. II,. end, 13 c '=1 ftiTfta .11.1 was his neighbor 

in the field and in the house (living in the same court). 
Koh. E. to VII, 26 biBbib 'a (not lija) a neighbor who 
was a robber. Ib. yiSa (not pla) our neighbor. Ib. X, 19 ; 
a. fr.— PI. T"«Ja, S^liM, 'isa. Y. Peah III, I7 d top '13a 
'11X1313 gentile neighbors'. Lam. E.toI,5 '|ini1i3aV . . . 'a !=3 
yOS do all neighbors, bent on doing evil, do it to their 
neighbors? — Midr. Till, to Ps. XL VIII (pro v.) Ha3 «b 
nilisa -|HaX1 . . . ni»K1 (ed. Bub.) go not by what thy 
mother says (of thee), but by what the neighbors say. 
Cant. E. to VII, 2; a. fr. — [Lam. E. to II, 22 "WttJ. 13a 
ed. (Ar. HDllla) read: "Wra iliSa inmates of my house, 
v. yVBIBtrlp.]— Fem. KWliaa, 'ia?a. Targ. Y. II Ex. Ill, 22 
BWlWsa (not fini . . .).— Lev.B. s.' 5, end . . 'a 133^ niHX 

iftlia '"]ibs» NabttJ . . she comes to a neighbor , peace 

with thee, my neighbor! Ib. s. 6; a. fr. — PI. JttlliJa. .Ib. 
s. 9 SHIiJa rb 'plaK (some ed. xn. . . .) said her neigh- 
bors to "her. Ned. 21 b '31 -final tb$ ^nii3a -piattl that 
thy neighbors will say of thy daughter &c. Y. Sabb. Ill, 
5 d bot. [read :] 'a fSli j6l lirftai (not hiilija) provided 
the neighbors do not know it. 

rnwp, stwd f.(b.h.Miw ; iiai) Dm Kei,xm,. 

4. Bets. IV, 3. Hull. I, 2; a. fr.— 2) plane. Tosef. B.Kam. 
XI, 15; B. Kam. 119 b , v. 11& I.— [Tosef. Kel. B.Mets.VIII, 1 
rvrraa ed. Zuck., v. MlWai]. 

DT")WD, (bil3a) m. (fj.ayeipo<;) baker, cook. Lam.E. 
to III, 16'bHJaH ^SSt Ar., v. bblSlS. Lev. E. s. 28; Pesik. 
E. s. 18; Yalk. Lev. 643, a. e. K3N '?|b1i3a (t]b13a) I (the 
Lord) am thy cook (ripening thy fruits); Pesik. Ha'omer, 
p:70 a "jbiSa (corr. ace). Ib. buiS 103 read : bllijas. Num. 
E. s. 4, end T'la )>V3 'a (not bliaa, bliJa) the cook of a 
human master. Y.Keth. I, 25 c 1i»a bH3a hip when it was 
announced that a cook (or baker) was in town (Snh. 32 b 
biril blp).— PI. Ttjiliia, 'pbliaa. Lev. E. s. 7 ; Yalk. Num. 
777 'jiblja; Pesik. E. s.'l6 Qi'snaa (corr. ace); Pesik. Eth 
Korb., p. 61 a .— [Lam. B. to II, 22 ibliaa Ar., v. Iija.] 

"JT^WDm. (\i.a.-(zipe.iovy cook-shop, kitchen. Y. Bets. 
V, end,"63 b . T 

D 11 T 1 JD, Y. Sabb. Ill, 5 d bot., v. 1iM end. 

D1WD, O-JWD, XUTXD, v. bin ? a. 

^■;wa, v. H3a. 

b^D m. (b.h.; perh. contr. of ^33>a, v.^a.S) 1) ii3p isa 
or 'a sickle, scythe, an implement with indentations. Succ. 
32 a 'ab nail Dips a Lulab curved like a sickle. Y. ib. 
Ill, 53 e bot. 'a 1ia3 nuitlW leaves shaped (and serried) 
like a sickle; Bab. ib. 34 a 'ab hall rtifil iias' n*sll3 fibs- 
a. 6. — 2) li bsa or 'a an implement combining knife and 
saw. Kel. XIII, 1. Hull. I, 2, Bets. IV, 3 (used for split- 
ting wood); a. fr.— Snh. 95 b SUDIBS S]h» (fem.),\. 125B3 1. 

. bSD, is^iljD, 'SjD ch. same. Targ. Deut. XVI, 9; 
XXIII, 26 /iJtext fflain).— Taan. 31 a ^3a Ian b.H the day 
of breaking the magged (suspending the chopping of wood 

for the Temple). —PI. p^a, i]=aa. Targ. Is. II, 4; Mic. 

IV, 3; Joel IV, 10 (h. text'wnata). 

D3JD m. (a^S, v. Fl. to Levy Targ. Diet. II, p. 567 a ) 
[scraper,] an instrument of torture, goad or whip. Gen. 
B. s. 41, beg.; s. 52; Yalk. Gen. 69 ttbia; (Tanh.Lekh.5 

aiaiffl).— PI. wtibm, "pa^aa. Ex. B. s. i4,beg. mam ^ 
'a Qiffian go and give him fifty lashes. Tanh. M'tsora 4 
'al tl^aa chains and straps; Num. B. s. 13. lb. 'a nttjan 
five afflictions. lb. s. 10, beg. ; Lev. B. s. 27 ; Cant. B. to 

V, 16, v. niaina. 

\ fcObja, &G <tfP ch. same. Targ. Pro v. XXVI, 3 (Var. 
5oVaa\ T Ms. vdAra, oorr. ace; h. text ana).— PI. K*al?Sa, 
■paisa. Lev. B. s. 15 l^n 'a nan she saw the straps hang- 
ing! ' Gen. B. s. 84, beg.; Talk. ib. 140; Yalk. Job 904 hSO 
'a one hundred lashes. 

rnbsD, v. ab ?a . 

T\S0!Q, T\TiT2 f. (b. h.; *&a) ro«, scroS, wtfwme, pari 
of a IBb.' Treat. Sof 'rim V, 9 '31 'a ^n(IS) Saffl ptfflS "pSt 
you must not prepare the section ot'Sh'tna or of Mallei as 
a special volume for children; Gitt. 60 a '31 'a ainals ma, v. 
Toi ; Yoma 37 b . Gitt. l.c. rflmi 'a 'a nilh the Pentateuch was 
published in sections, opp. nalhn. Deut. B.s. 8 Klip n^nn 
'aa when beginning, the student reads (the Pentateuch) 
in a detached scroll, opp. IBba. — Y. Shek. V, 49 a ; Yoma 
38 a ; Cant. B. to III, 6 p5a(a)b hha a volume containing 
prescriptions for frankincense ; a. fr. — pbmi 'a, diinb 'a 
inbS rtsa, &c, v. respect, determinants. — PI. hikja, nftiJa. 
Cant. B. 1. c. '31 dnftiSa pldia lift they handed over their 
rolls (containing the prescriptions) one to the other; (Y. 

Shek. l. c. rutin- rt>aan nst).— Esp. nfeaa(n) = inbM rtaa, 

a. IfiBI*. Meg. I, 1. Ib. 19 a IBB nsnpS 'a the book of 
Esther is called a book and also a letter. Ib., sq. Xllpn 
'31 -pa nainan 'aa he who recites from a Book of Esther 
as written among the Hagiographa (instead of using a 
special scroll); a. v. fr. — M'gillah, name of a treatise of 
the Mishnah, Tosefta, Talmud Babli a. Y'rushalmi, treat- 
ing chiefly of the Festival of Purim — M'gilloth, the five 
books: Esther, Buth, Canticum, Lamentations and Ko- 

n&oibjp, v. «*»$». 

fcO^JP m. (">bs) decreer of exile. Y. Yoma III, 40 c 
top 'a nrilbi herds (Jer. XL VI, 20) means sweeper, that 
is, he who will banish (v. Deut. XXVIII, 63). 

XFD4P, 'TUP, constr. rt>aa,rt>">aa ch.=h. nfeaa. Targ. 
Jer. XXXVI, 2; a.V 

"1DJID, v. -raaw. 

1#2rn. (b. h..;)ty Shield, defense. Pesik. Ha omer, p. 
70 a ,'> (ref. to BTlSa V«1, Job V, 5) 'aa JtVl p">ia &6 not with 
weapon or with shield (will he prevail); Lev. B. s. 28; 
Pesik. B. s. 18 ; Yalk. Job 898.— Cant. B. to IV,4 end (ref. 
to ISan &>K, ib.) 'an mix . . . Ill b>l* I folded together 
(skipped over) a thousand generations and brought unto 

them that shield (the Torah).— Midr. Till, to Ps.I, 5, v. 
■pi; a. fr.— Pi D">Ma, d^aa. Lam. B. introd. (B. Joh. 1) 
(ref. to Is. XXII, 5) 'a 'jnix V® 13 • • • tf TT B f*l® ttey 
broke down the walls of their houses and made of them 
defenses. Cant. E. 1. c. nain 'a hfflSS iJK yob unto thy 
children I shall be many defenses. Gen. B. s. 44 ^>tB 'a 
dipilS shields of the righteous (protectors of their gener- 
ation by dint of their righteousness); a. e.— Esp. Magen, 
the first section of the Prayer of Benedictions closing 
with bn-ias 15a (usu. called TfOtA, v. ax). Deut.B. s.ll, 
beg. 'aY&nni "inn (Ber. 34 a ttMnb) he must go back to 
the beginning of the first section. Erub. 65 a , v. p«3 h. — 
'p3iffln ft% Tosef. Kil. IV, 7, v. sma. 

"J^P, N|JD ch. same, v. paa. 

"JJJP> W3P m. flM ; cmp. d|H fr. )in) grace, undeserv- 
ed gift; (adv. with or without prepos.) for nothing, in 
vain. Targ. Pro v. XV, 27.— Targ. Gen. XXIX, 15. Targ. 
Ex. XX, 7; Targ. Deut. V, 11; a. e.— Y. Bice. Ill, 65 c bot. 
dial "pixa 'a aC? it is not for nothing that he has been 
allowed a long life. B. Kam. 85 a 'al STOK a physician (that 
will cure thee) without pay; ilffl 'a3 'al KiB« Ms. M. 
a. oth. (ed. incorr., v. Babb. D. 8. a. 1. note) a physician 
without pay is worth as much as unpaid service can be 
expected to be, i. e. an unpaid physician is likely, to be 
careless. Y. Snh. X, 29 a bot. 'a ^S ">BK even if the curse 
has been pronounced gratuitously (without cause), cmp. 
bin rt>Vp s. v. djn. 

!tf J-ID m. (i3S)cowcft, or couch-r 
Esth.X 9 (ed. Lag. a. oth. OTMa, 

isia, v. sma.]- 

PlDiiP, v. tuwa. 

"jl^P, v. lissia. 

^D3pf.(part.Ithpe.of VZ) =h.MStta(v. S13S), blame- 
worthy ; 'a txrbia blemish, defect. Gen. B. s. 60 (prov.) 
'31 'a "p ni»1 xrfjia what blemish there be in thee, be 
the first to tell it; B.Kam. 92 b 'a*ra1 Kh^a Ms. M. (ed. 


ni'^P, v.WMa.— [Mekh. B'shall. s. 2 tWSa, emend. 
for nisaa, read: n'i*3iB, v. liJJb.] 

pa^:a, v. r^«M. 

DIMD, flD^Q t=^xa, protection, defense. Pirke d'B. 
El. chVxXviil; Yalk. Gen. 76 (expl. V»a, Gen. XV, 1) "flK 
*f? 'a I am a defense to thee. 


n«Bbjn, T T>Bb^Q, ^itaoaa, *®t#P, v. ^ 


S'ilP m. (5>M) touch, contact. Eel. I, l/a. fr. 'aa saaa, 
makes unclean by contact. Toh. VI, 4 nxalb Sjia pBb 
'31 a doubt as to having touched an unclean thing is 
judged in favor of unoleanness; Ab. Zar. 70 a , a. e. — J>|a 
i"Dl wine touched by a gentile suspected of idolatrous 
manipulations. Ib.58 b .— Ib. 69 a 1T3n 'a another ignorant 

— PJ.lMJa.Targ.II 
. ace.).— [Pes. 107 a 


nftan's touching things kept in levitical cleanness; a. fr.— 
PI. flisaa. Y. Sabb. VII, 9 d bot., v. t)TO.— Constr. iSSa. T. 
Pes. VII, 34 d bot. 'pat 'a those unclean through contact 
with gonorrhoeists. 

"H^Q f. (TO) threatening, shouting. Yalk. Ps. 864; 
Midr. Till, to Ps. C VI, 9 ed. Bub. (missing in eds.) S& 'a iSX 
'31 rfflrt it was not even a. shouting (at the sea) but only 
a blowing. Yalk. 1. c. (missing in Midr. Till. 1. c.) 'a t6 
lalffia K^K not only a shouting but even a roaring. 

*\XQ m. (t)Ba or qia) sealer of wine vessels. Y. Ab. Zar. 

V, 44 d top 'a na»a pati •jiiiairnffl (not a>sa) the boring 

of which the Babbis speak (Mish. V, 4) is the work of a 
professional sealer (requiring care and time). 

SlDAQ, ^M f. (b. h. ; t)M) [striking,] 1) wowracj. Makhsh. 

VI, 8 HtjBBQ bT the blood flowing from a woman's wound. 
Nidd. 55 b ; Ker. 13 a . Hull. 35 b . Yalk. Num. 710; a. e.— 
2) sudden death, plague. Mekh. B'shall. s.2 t£>8 naan -jis 
'a the verb ban (Ex.: XIV, 24) means pestilence. M. Kat. 
28 a 'a nn^a a sudden death. Ber. 4 b 'ail nSlin during an 
epidemic; a, fr.— pllSSa, Mekh. 1. c, v. iiBSa a. 'jTOb.] 

1! ©3P, ^'JMCI m. &u.(tf&l) greaves, metal leggins. 
Sabb. VI, T 2'(expi. ib. 62 a ''pas). Kel. XI, 8 ; Tosef. ib. B. 
Mets. Ill, 1 ffiSJa ed. Zuck. (corr. ace; Var. H»Baa). 

JSFl&iiX], 'S^D ch.=h. fl&aa. Targ. Y.II Num.XXV, 
8 »n& T . • '• (corr. ace). 

1X12, Pa. iaa, Tiaa (b. h. 'iaa ; cmp. T*) i) *" *•<?# 
dfottiw; 'to throw over. Targ. Gen. XLIX, 17 (h. text bflil). 
Targ. Ps.LXXXIX,45. ,Targ.Ez.XXXIX,3. Targ.II Kings 
IX, 33 (h. text Baa)). Targ. Is. XXII, 19 (h. text Sin); 
- a.e.— 2) [to scrape off,] to diminish, destroy (corresp. to b. 
h. rtas a. S1&). Targ. Ps. CXIX, 139. Ib. 01, 5; 8. Ib. 
CXLHI, 12; a. e. 

Iihpa. laans to be diminished. Targ. Job VI, 17. Ib. 
XXIII, 17 Ms.'(ed. "laim, h. text inaSJ). 

' -lJa,^"}3q,v.^a,a.Ma&. 

^n^ni^a, ^n^a r v. sub ^.a. 

<T}jD,.v. rmro. 

N^D 5 !"! JS3 f. ch.=h..ha'lMa, v. cna .fit/. B. Kam. 99 b 
'a KWi* (Ms. E. Sttnsnsa) a case of a mugremeth. 

. D1&T1JD, Pesik. E. s.- 6, read n^BVtja. 

. ' 1 £ii"lJlD > . v, m&raa. 

iT'&in^Qf. (Spa; v. rtS'naa) 1) spade, shovel. Gen.R. 
s. 1 6, beg. inrti* 'aa pniB . . nsi"M* he divided off the course 
of four river-heads with one (cut of the) spade.— 2 j trowel. 
Pesik. B. s. 6 [read;] f=1 'a '■'&% SattSJ i6 no trowel nor axe 
was broken; Yalk.. Kings 186 nsnSa (corr. ace.)* 

'^ri* l Si~l5Z2 r ■■"©i^jQ ch. same; Geh. E. s. 38. Ley. 

E.s.24.— PI. SijJB'Hja. Targ, Num. IV, 14; Targ. 0. Ex. 
XXVII, 3 (Y. ?TiFiB"iaa, corr. ace.) ; a. fr. (h. text Hi?;). 

rEfiHJD, v. msi-iaa. 

■^H, n&^a, v. ^sa, n&^a. 

D'S'HJD, Pesik. B. s. lft, v. bi-nsa. 

*fcj)Q"3jD v. wwn?a. •■ ' . i 


^"UD m. (Efna) 1) «r<we£ Y'lamd. to Gen. XI, 1, quot. 
in Ar. s. v. SpX— 2) diowrf. Y. Shebi. Ill, 34 c ; Y. M. Kat. 

I, 80 b '=1 iB"n5a1 lbb his basket and shovel show that he . 
is preparing dung. 

n£r)3D/'nj/Q f. (preced.) 1) spoon, ladle; trowel. 
Kel. XXIX, 8 S/'n 1>1» 'a the ladle of the household (v. 
Maim. a. 1.); diTii& bttS 'a the plasterers' trowel. Tanh.. 
Sh'moth 9 B">B btt) the trowel for clay; Ex. B. s. 1 (some 
ed. bib *>tt5 iB-naa, v. preced.). Kel. XIII, 4 'a ladle (v. 
Maim. a. I.)/ — 2) (usu. in connection with bti) spade used 
for digging and shovelling; shovel. Gen. R. s. 16; Sifr6 
Deut. 6, a. e., v. rOB.— Tosef. Toh. VIII, 13 ; Zeb. 99 b . Sabb'. 
XVII, 2 '31 t)1iaV 'a one may handle a spade (on the 
Sabbath) for grabbing &e, v. tfia. Num. B. s. 15; Yalk. 
Ex. 163. Lev. E. s. 23; Cant. B. to IV, 8 '31 'am teill K"ih 
it (the Torah) and all its implements, v. K^a-lX— Y.Hag. 

II, 78 b bot. rona *HD 'a an iron spade (flat); 'f$ )>V 'a a 
wooden shovel; a.e.— PL fiiS'naa, "Hnsa. B.Mets.30 a . Tarn. 
II, 1. Gen. B. s. 46, beg.; a. e.— 3) magrefah, a) name of 
a musical instrument in the Temple. Arakh. 10 b ; Y. Succ. 
V, 55 d top.— b) name of a sort of tympanum. Tam.V, 6, 
Ib. Ill, 8 ; Y. 1. c. 55 b bot. 

T\T\tT\W2, v. an^i-aa. ' ■ 

rrnaa (rrniaa, nran, nn-ija) t . o^ai, v . 

"n&) sirigil. Tos4f^ Sabb. xvi (XVII), lVi'aan ^nnaha <y» 

ed .Zuck. (Var. nvatO. 'Ji'Tiaa) ; Sabb. 1 47 b '^ISaa )TfQ f», 
v; i r&i.—Pl. ni-inaa (nin^aa). Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. II, 12 
'niaa' ed. Zuck. ; kel. XII, 6 "ii-iaa ("i^aa). 

!^n"l"!JQch.same. Sabb.l47 b (Ms.M. margin: «115a; 
RasbiMs. SJjI'nSa). 

ffl~I^I3 m. (b. h.; aj^a) open space outside of a place. 
Gen. B. : s.'21, end (ref. to Gen. Ill, 24) '31 -]1S>. *>ttJ Piaj'iaab 
he drove him out to the open outskirts of the garden of 
Eden. Mace. 12 a , a. e. '31 'a tr\W "jiffllS ^K you must not 
change a cultivated field (outside of a town of refuge) 
into an opett space &c. 

■ rTtfD, v. maia. 

.STUD, Targ. Hos. XI, 4, v. tWl'a H. 

~^12> a prefix, =-} la, 1) ttaw *Aat Targ. O. Ex. XrV, 
12 rWKa (ed. Amst. Fiia^a, corr. aCc.); a.e.^2) from 
the time that; from the fact that; since, because. Targ. Gen. 
XLVlIIi 15. Targ. I Sam. I, 12. Targ; 0. Ex. XIV, 11; a. 
fr.— Ber. 2 b '3l hl'va Satt) ... . -ibnjS^rb from 1 the fact '-thai* 
the 1 Boraitha says .... we conclude that' &c. Ib, 15^' 


. . .. iisa .... i&ti ."Wplra since the second clause reads, 
'B. Judah says &e.', we must conclude that the first clause 
does not express B. Judah's opinion. — Gitt. 19 b KfJ-ia 
'31 "Wn since one (of the papers found) was undoubtedly 
there (before the letter of divorce was thrown there), the 
other was surely there, too, and the letter of divorce may 
have been carried off by mice. B. Mets. 83 b iVfrfcpSITm 
.ifcttl since he is so bold.— Strvmiwia, paila, v. KlWis.— 
■Gitt. 37 a , a. fr. '31 'Sti'na as concluded from what B. ..said; 
-a. v. fr. 

fctTQ m. ch. = (b. h. la; Tro) the priesfs cloak. Ber. 
.28", v^oab. 

HiTID, v.X^a. 

MtfTO, v. KS«. 

. NTftt'TO f. (v. P. Sm. 201 1 ) = rrjaa, fwftwfe, tar, /me. 
Targ/Prov. XII, 24 'ab Ar. s. v. Wfi (ed. K&ai). 

IXTV2, y-sa^a. 

JOIHTIS m. (Ian) #M«'de; S1TS1 'a iorcfe or torch- 
carrier directing the work of night laborers.— PI. in-ana . 
M. Kat. 12 b Ms. M. a. Ar. (v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note; ed. 
■naifta, Alf. H'TO'ia). 

THHD, ShS'ia m. ch. (nan) =h. rata, aZta»-. Targ. 
Josh. XXII, 10. Targ. Gen. XII, 8; a. fr.' — Zeb. 54 a SI 
'a -Mt-H M'irotJrisa-nSina Bab translated (pffl vana pi, 
Deut. XXXIII, 12) on his possession shall the altar be 
built; a. e.— PI. 'pns'ia, K'ftna'TQ; fern. Kijna'TO. Targ. O. 
Num. XXIII, 1;4; a.'e.— Targ.Ps.LXXxiv,4.— "«a ">pt»a 
fcOTiaia (FPa) liquids used on the altar (wine, oil), con- 
trad, to S^naaa ia ipffla liquids of the slaughtering place 
(blood, water). Pes. 17 a (ref. to Eduy.VIII, 4); Tosef. Kel. 
B. Mets. V, 7 (ed. Zuck. 'aa). 

*P"1H, v. 1\Z1i a. ^aia. 

p-STD m. (pan) junction, welding. Targ. I Kings VII, 
29; 36 (h. text rvrfs).— P/. constr. ipa^a; yiTi 'a arm-pits. 
Targ. Jer. XXXVIII, 12. Targ.Bz. XIII, 18 ed. Lag. (Var. 
'aha; ed. Wil. •*&&"!?). 

13TX3 m. pan) 1) speaker.— PI. D^ana. Ber. 63 b , a. 
e. '31 'ali'ttMKT the first among the speakers on all occa- 
sions (attribute of B. Judah).— 2) the anterior part of the 
tongue. Bekh. VI, 8; Tosef. ib. IV, 11 ; Kidd. 25 a . 

HSnD m. (b. h.; v. Ian) pasture-ground, desert. Gen. 
B. s.3 T l, : end. Cant. B. to IV, 4 (play on "paia ib. 3) &"SK 
'3Va XlrtlO although theTemple is a desert, you are bound 
to observe the sacredness of its precincts now that it is 
ruined &c. ; a.fiv — 'a *na the generation that died in the 
wilderness. B. Bath.73 b bot.; a. fr.— Tosef. Maoc. Ill (II), 
2 ; Mace. 9 b ; Y. ib. n, 31 d top 'aa 12a (b. h.) Bezer in the 
Wilderness, on the eastern side of the Jordan. — Tosef. 
Men.IX,13'aa Wfina, read : yran laiaa from the pasture- 
ground of Hebron ; v. Men. 87 a ; Sot.34 b .— PlnhSJi. Ber. 
IX 2. Ib. 54 b y a isbin those travelling in the deserts; a. e. 

anaiam., KB^TD Targ. Ex. 111,1; 
a. fr.— B.'Bath. 73 b ; T 74 b 'aa p^lK we were travelling in 
the desert; a. fr.— Cant. B. to IV, 4 (ref. to "paia, ib. 3) 
ar!*i TiPiiaia isti. Tpaia thy midbar is beautiful, this 
means thy waste (the ruined Temple) is beautiful, v. 
preceding.; [Comment.: thy speech.] — PLK*ia'ia,f.')' , ia , Ta. 
Targ. Ps. LXXV, 7. Targ. Is. LI, 3. Targ. Cant. II, 14. ' 

J4"l!ll1D m. (la^i) leader. Targ. Prov. XI, 14 (Levita 
smdaj h. text mbann, cmp. KWD'na'ia).— Targ. II Bath, 
IV* i Var. ed. Lag. (ed. iOiana).— PI. constr. T^a. Targ. 
Cant. I, 8. 

DTlS'TO f. pi. (lai) l) conduct, manners. Koh. B. to 
in, 18 (ref. to hiai, ib.) b*>l3aa Dip-HsriaJ 'a the way the 
righteous conduct themselves. — 2) (b. h.) conversation, 
talk. Ib. ana diiaia d^SttJinas 'a the conversations which 
the wicked hold. Snh. 67 b a. fr. iprvhaTO hte, v. rte; 
ib. 38 b ; 'sibai* -prvnaiab "fba Ms. M. (edi'iSK ■jte); Hag. 
i4 a bsK -pmiana -|ia='3i -;Vi /b ia rt>a, v. r^a. 

"HS'TO m., ri" , "13"]a f. (denom. of laia) belonging 
to the desert. Erub. 83 a ,'a. e. 'a (1X0 the S'ah of the Is- 
raelites in the desert, containing six desert Kab, or five 
Jerusalem Kab.— PI. 6^*1313, T^iaia ; fi^a 1 ??' Men. 
VII, 1, a. e., v. nt«D.— Esp. ftVITva pasture-animals. Bets. 
V, 7 (40 a ), opp. ni'n^a; Tosef.ib. IV.ll. 

^£10 f. pi., v. ioa-ia. 

WlSH^? m. = 8isna, leader. Targ. II Esth. IV, 1. 
Targ/Prov. XI, 14, v.'ii'ia'TQ.— Snh. 14 a ninallKI 'a (Ms. 
K. ssna-i, v. 'Tya?) leader of his people; Keth. 17 a . . . 

^ri^HBTD, "}S"J/2 f. (preced.) command, strategy; 
scheme (b'h. nftanny. ! Targ. Prov. I, 5; XX, 18; XXIV, 
6. Ib. XH, 5. 

fctSHlSTD, v. anaia. 

!S?}t95lQ pr. n. pi., v. sfttiari. 

T1D (b. h.) [to stretch^ to measure. Sabb. I49 b sq. 
(play on fiatiia, Is. XIV, 4) the nation that said ilia, 
saiil measure (the area of thy land) and bring (tribute); 
Lev. B.s. 15, end (Ar.: nartt lia measure and give). Erub. 
V, 4 '31 'pTl'ia px Sabbath distances must be measured 
only with a rope of &c. Ib. 5 rinalan ^a «Vs }i-ma ps 
the measuring must be done only by the best experts. 
Y. Succ. I, 51 d '31 la lia* bS if he measures from &c. 
Maas. Sh. V, 9 Tiai TriS \ve® llttJS one tenth (as tithe) 
which I shall measure off (when I come home); a. fr.— 
Sot. I, 7 "ib pITia <ia Tiia a^iKto niaa the measure with 
which man measures will be measured out to him, i.e. as 
man deals, he will be dealt with, v. N»?!i3K; Tosef. ib. 
Ill, 1 SlX&a 'a he measured by the S'ah (committed great 
wrong). Ber. IX, 5, v. next w.— Ib. 30 b OTBli* Tia; ftbisb 
man must always measure himself (examine the dispose 
ition of his mind; cmp.1ax),if he feels that he can direct 
his mind, let him pray, if not &c. 

Nif. 1-ia? fo be measured. B.Bath. VII, 1 ■p'ttaa "pi& 
Mas are not included in the measure. Arakb. VII, 1 
rias tyiTias are iacluded &c.; a. fr. ; 



Pi. 11a same, to stretch. Gen. B. s. 3; Midr. Till, to 
Ps. XXIV, a.e. Ilaa, v. nna.— [Cant. B. to VIII, 11 'pllaa, 
v. nil.] 

(Y^12,7r\'}2 f. (b. h.; preced.) 1) dimension, measure, 
proportion. Sabb. 150 a (play on nariia, v. preced.) ixa 
'a itba fctari ixa bring mucb, very much, without meas- 
ure. Peah VIII, 6 II 'a this proportion. Gen. B. s. 64; 
Bsth. B. introd. (ref. to rHDa, Ezra IV, 13) yiNIl nia II 
that is the tax from the land as measured, i. e. the (Boman) 
land-tax. B. Bath. VII, 3 '31 bana 'a I sell thee exact land- 
measure by the rope. lb. 128 a 131K nia the length-measure 
of the cloak. lb. linlbpttJa ma the measure of its (the 
gold-bar's) -weights, i. e. an estimate as to how many 
coins of a certain weight can be obtained from it. Hag. 
1 2 a nb^b 'ai dY* tfia the combined length of day and night. 
Yeb. 76 b (ref. to I Sam. XVII, 38) inias "TOO his (Saul's) 
garments such as fitted his stature. Mikv. X, 5; Hull. 73 a 
'a(n) filpa IS as far as the designed length of the handle 
(excluding the portion which it is intended to cut off). — 
Kidd. 42 b ; B. Mets.S6 b , a.e. '31 bpttJaaffll 'aatt! 131 objects 
which are sold by measure, by weight or by the piece. 
B. Bath. 89 b '31 nTWl 'a . . . bbisb one must never keep 
in one's house too small or too large a measure (smaller 
or larger than the legal size); a. fr. — PI. ilila, nil^a. 
lb. 88 b 'a btt) llDilS the divine punishment for fraudu- 
lent measures. Tosef. B. Mets. VI, 14 .... "pSlaa lin &tb 
'an bs Kbi* . . they (the agoranomoi in Jerusalem) were 
appointed not for the regulation of market prices but for 
the superintendence of the measures ; B. Bath. 89 a , v. 
&>la T^;— Men. 18 a ini'TO msab, v. nxa.— "Whence : 
Middoth (measurements of the Temple), name of a treat- 
ise of the Mishnah, of the order of Kodashim, — 2) deal- 
ing ; reward or punishment; dispensation.—'® 1533 'a re- 
taliation, adequate punishment or reward. Sot. I, 7, v. 
preced. lb. 9 a 'asb the verse is to intimate that God dis- 
penses adequate punishments. Ib.8 b (ref. to ib. I, 7) 5"SX 
iioa xb'aa nbiDa'al although retribution (by the Jewish 
court) has ceased, the adequate divine punishment has 
not ceased. Lam. B. introd. (B. Alex. 2) (expl. V^ai "(Si, 
Lev. XXVI, 43) 'a 1333 'a punishment corresponding to 
deed. Ned. 32 a . Snh. 90 a 'a 1533 'a n"apn btt) tVfVt^a b3 all 
retributions of the Lord are in correspondence with man's 
doings. Ber. 48 b 'whatever the Lord thy God has given 

thee' rvusTiB ma yni naia 'a -pa.;. baa ym ( no t iiia) 
he is thy judge in whatever sentence he decrees upon 
thee, whether it be a good or an evil dispensation. Ib. 

IX, 5, v. INa. Sabb. 97 a . Ib. 151 b II 'a bs dbisb at 

all times let one pray to be spared this fate (poverty); 
a. fr. — Pi. as ab. Snh. 90 a v. supra. Yoma 87 b liasan 
'31 Vniia bs he who passes over his retaliations (who for- 
bears to retaliate), his failings will be passed over (be 
forgiven); Meg. 28 a . Ib. -VWtra bs iprtas Kb I never in- 
sisted on retaliation ; Kidd. 71 a Wlla bs lasa IJiX^Bashi : 
fasa); a. fr.— 3) manner, ways, character, nature, con- 
dition. Ber. 40 a, 31 n"aph maa StV> the nature .of divine 
(intellectual) affairs is not like the nature of human (ma- 
terial) affairs. Ib. ll b '31 ffp hla "libthb to menfion the 
nature of the day (light) at night. Tanh. Ba1ak3 inia iia 

what is the nature of his power. B. Mets. 33 a <l3ifctt 'a 
'a it is a (meritorious) way (of studj'ing) and is not, i. e. 
you might do better; Y. Hor. Ill, 48 c top 'a niifttlU 'a; a. 
fr.— PI. as ab. Ab. V, 10 blxa 'a sai» there are four 
different dispositions of men (as to treating one's fellow- 
man); ib. 11 rvaia 'a sajist four characters (tempera* 
ments); ib. 12 diliabha 'a saiN four natures of students 
(with regard to receptive and retentive faculties). Y. Snh. 
XI, 30 a bot. '31 'a 3>att) ba all the seven characteristic 
features of righteous men which the scholars have de- 
fined have been realized in Babbi. Ned. 20 b 'a SttW 15a 
children conceived under nine (abnormal mental) con- 
ditions. B. Hash. 17 b , a. fr. 'a nitt)S tt)btt) the thirteen 
divine attributes (Ex. XXXIV, 6, sq.). Ned. 32 a , v. IIS; a. 
fr.— -pin hla a) justice. Tosef. Yeb. IX, 3, a. e., v. npb. 
— Esp. the divine attribute of justice, opp. Qiafiin 'a, 
v. T^l II.— b) common sense, logical argument. Yoma 43 b 
rami 'pin 'a (ton) -p common sense dictates this; Shebm 
14 a . Y.Maas. Sh. II, 53 c top fin 'ab ('as) ltt» "paintl 
they regulated the laws of Sabbath limits according to 
common sense (not by textual interpretation). — c) de- 
cision in money matters, civil law (contrad. to ritual law). 
Y. Gitt. V, 46 c hot. "pn ynn 'ab t|l* the same principle 
holds good for civil law (collection of claims, v. rfflISS); 
Y. Shebi. X, 39 c bot. Ib. (last line) '31 -pin 'a y*Trab\ do 
we apply the rules of Prosbol (v. blStilQ) to ordinary 
claims? Y. B. Kam. V, beg. 4 d aim Itt* Tnn ''aa "aim xb 
(strike out 'paaa) in civil law we are not guided by pro- 
babilities (v. ail; cmp. Bab. ib. 27 b ). Y. Ber. II, 5 a bot. 
'in'abl but in civil law (questions of possession). — 4) prin- 
ciple, standard, consistency. Men.III,4'31 '1 nia3 follow- 
ing the principle of B. &c; Pes. 77 b ; Y. ib. VII, 34 c top. 
Shek. IV, 6 'air tirti ni^X (comment, 'an ya n3">K) this is 
not consistent (with a previous rule). Ib. 7 ttK nitt)n 
irwa (Y. ed. Iinila) he makes his standards even (is con- 
sistent). Pes. 1*7 'an an n:m this is not the right ar- 
gument. Ib. i5 b am 'ai 'a 'an sen ra^tK isas why do 
you say, it is no argument? it is surely a correct argument. 
Y. Hag. Ill, 77 d 'Menahem went out' means SCT 'ab 'aa 
he went over from one principle to another (joined the 
opposition; Bab.ib.l6 b nsi niairib Sap).— Esp. hila rules 
of interpretation. Sifra introd.,ch. I, end .'31 'a satt) . . . bbn 
Hillel the Elder explained seven rules &c; Ab.d' 
XXXVII; Tosef. Snh. VII, 11. Sifra introd., beg. (B.Yishm. 
said) '31 'a nitt» tt)btt)a the Torah is interpreted by means 
of thirteen rules. [Appendix to treat. B'rakhoth. 'a a"b 
'31 lbli'1 btt) the thirty two rules of B.Jose the Galilean.] 
— Lev. B. s. 3, beg. 'al tYObn decisions and interpretations 
(by which the decisions were reached), v. xnb' 1 3a. — Gitt. 
67 a '31 TTftoia malina naiin 'TffTO my rules of inter- 
pretation are the selection from selections of rules by B. 
Akiba.— Ber. 33 b '31 warn n"apn btt) i">nna rnuisio he 
makes compassion the standard (or reason) of the divine 
laws, while they are decrees (the reasons for which it 
behooves not man to discuss); Y. ib. V, 9 C bs ISti !!Olp3 
'Bl "a because it sounds as if he were finding fault with 
the ways of the Lord (as if the Lord were partial) ; "]rYl33 
'31 'ab nasip as though he were setting limits to the at- 
tributes of the Lord. 


TFjU, TfpD oh. I) same. Targ. Ps. LVI, 5; 11 tvTva 
KW, yam 'a, v. preoed. Targ. Lam. I, 1; a. e— Snh. 38 b 
Klh 'a Sin TK 1 ! ilifct the two dimensions are alike. — 
[2) tribute. Ezra IV, 20, a. e., v. niia.] 


ttfllD, Targ. Bsth. I, 2 tani 'a ry ed. Lag. (ed. Amst. 
baai ni nxia) read !=aai xnyia rv nsia. 

NTjtQ m. (t^) affliction. Targ. Bsth. VI, 1 iOlla our 


* r O,T\12, M. Kat. 12 b some ed., v. Xlteia a. X-Wia. 

T(T[12 m. (b. h.; nil) /te. Mace. 14 b ; Nidd. 41 b IS 
'31 'a BSUB until the flux is discharged through &c. lb. 
54 b nrllaa Wila what flows from her is subject to the 
same laws as her hody. lb. xaaa ffila (not fmaaa). 

XmmiQ, Yoma 23* Ar. s. v. 113, v . S 11a. 

^TTD, Gen. B. s. 91 isttoal 'aa (ed. Wil. niaa), v. i?ia. 
— Y. Kidd. IV, 65 d top nVin ilia, read: nia. 

■TO, &OTTJQ, fcnTPn 'D, v. »;tq i. 

?f 11D m. (TJ^joesffe. Bets. 1,7 ;Tosef. ib. 1,18. lb. 1 7 ; a. e. 

&Oi"TC? w. Lam.E.toLl inai (Tata 1W) 
Np^Da 'a 'in a wooden mortar that had been thrown 
away (broken). 

TiyHQ f. (b. h. fisia; ^WI) 1) mortar. Tosef. Bets. 
1, 17. Yoma 75 a , v. •tftnl. Kel. XXIII, 2 nilart'a a Median 
mortar (on the protruding handles of which the pounders 
ride when at work); [Maim., (ed. Dehrenb. naila, corr. 
ace): a sort of saddle, v. infra]. Sabb. 81 a »SQp 'a Slan= 
'3 (v. Tosaf. a. 1.) as large as the leg of a small spice 
mortar; Y. ib. VIII, end, ll c . — 2) a mortar- shaped seat. 
Yeb. 16 a ; Y. ib. 3 a bot. Kel. XXIII, 2, v. supra. 

fcTDilEI m. ch.=h. Tpia. Sot. 22 a SSfflal ... 'a WIS 
'a ia (he is called) the 'pestle-Pharisee' because he is bent 
sideways like a pestle (in the mortar). 

^HpnQm.(i3i)»««riCT-;#iarifc.--P l ?.''i3!iia,v.iStl!)ai». 

^POTTO f. ch.=h. haila. Targ.O. Num. XI, 8 (Targ. 
Y.II Sttiailaj.— Y. Bets. I, 60 d top. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a bot. 
nr\3>iia. TT Ib! mnaVra (corr. ace.).— [Lam.E. to 1, 3; Num. 
B.s. 12 'a xnttJisa, v. xmia.] 

5YTD m. (apocopate infin, of i!?l) the act of drawing 
water. Targ. Y. Ex. II, 19, v. n»Vn. ' 

^na,v.i ? iia. 

: "liTQ m. (-&1 1) 1) dwelling.— tfiTXi 'a (dVas, Wfb 'a) 
a : dwelling that has been occupied by gentiles (in Pales- 

tine, which is unclean until examined and fouhd>fres of 
corpses). Tosef. Ohol. XVIII, 10 'sri 'a yplia 1Si3 how 
is a vacated gentile dwelling examined?— Ib. 6 DiitVD 
'sn 'a dUBlS Samaritan inmates make a dwelling subject 
to the law of m' dor ha'ammim. Ohol. XVIII, 9; a,fr,— 
2) story, compartment. B. Hash. 24 b yibsn 'a the upper 
story of the heavens; "pnnnn 'a the lower story (sphere 
of the heavenly bodies). Nidd. 31 a ynnnn 'a the lowest 
compartment of the womb. Pirke d'B. El. ch. XXIII; a. 
fr.— PI. nilila, yiiia. Ohol. XVIII, 7 diniah 'a; Pes. 9 a 
dUBian 'a (v. ilt)13);.a. e,— Tosef. Mikv.VI, I'nirvhia (B. 
S. toMikv.VIII,l fjilila) the dwellings therein.— [Tosef. 
Maas. Sh. I, 5 "rila'saaa, v. Iiia.]— [Midr. Prov. ch. VI; 
Yalk. ib. 939 illla, v. mala.] ' . . ■ : , , ; '"'..' . 

"111Q, kCfi'lD ch. same. Targ. Ps. LXXVI, 3. Targ. 
Gen. XXX, 20 T ;— PI yiiia, KpSlo. Ib. VI, 16 (com- 
partments of the ark); Targ. O'. ib.'u. Targ.I Ohr. IV, 41. 
Targ. Job XXXVII, 8; a. e.— Ib. XXXVin, 40 Kmila.— 
[illla, Bekh. 44b, v . term.] 

tXynH2 f.=nextiw. Targ. Is. XXX, 33 XhUJKI 'a (ed. 
Lag. Kftfflilk nma, corr. ace). V. smila; 

iTftTP f. (b. h.; Ill I) row, pile of wood, fire. Tarn. 
I, 1 611) nnift 'ai and there was an open fire place there. 
Bets. II, 5; a. e.— PL constr. illla. Midr. Prov. ch. VI; 
Yalk. ib. 939 dsms 'a l"i the fourteen pyres of Gehenna. 

fctSDVIH ch. same. Bets. 32 b ; Erub. 101 a . 

fcslSl™Q m. (v. next w.) treading; (Arab.) polishing. 
— 'al amain. Erub. 69 a (Ms. O. 'la); M. Kat. 12 b , v. 

SBWl. • ' 

Jl^lTD f. (b. h. nisia; 11)1151) that which is trodden 
or threshed.' Midr. Till, to Ps. CXIX, 25.— PI. dUiilla. Ib. 
(Gen. B. s. 69 2)«i, q. v.), 

"HD, "^ID (b. h.) pr. n. Media. Shek. Ill, 4 'a dlfflb 
on behalf of "the Median Jews. B. Kam. IX, 5 ItoiVri 
'■ab (iSS) 1">mS he must carry it (the unlawful property) 
after him even as far as Media. Kidd. 71 b nVin 'a Media 
is sick (doubtful as to purity of descent), v. ddis; Gen. 
B. s. 37, end; Y. Yeb. I, end, 3 b ; Y. Kidd. IV, 65^ top ilia 
(read ma). Esth. B. to I, 3 'aa 'ilSffln nine portions (of 
beauty) has Media; (different in Kidd. 49 b ). Ab. d'B. N. 
ch. XXVIII 'a ill) PI1U51S (ed. Schechter "VSti) the wealth 
of Media (Borne); 

*Hn, ""["1Q m. (preced.) Median. Sabb. II, 1, a. e,y. 
dsinj. Yoma ll b 'ari ISIB a Median gate (archway). Esth. 
B. to I, 22 /a flilb the Median; language; a. e. — Fern. 
rvno, m*ia. ib. Kel. xxin, 2, v. naiia; a. e.— PI. nyia. 
Esth. B. to I, 11. Sabb. VI, 6, v. t]1Q. Y. ib. XII, 13 c bot; 
ib. IX, end, 12 b 'a &i£>n Median wheat-grains; a. e. 

» fc^"J)Q» ^^1^ oh - same - D an. VI, V—Pl. ixla. Targ. 
Esth. T X,2. [YTIblzar.II, 41 c top Hula, v. hi;iaj : 

tiyiD, v. naiia. 

fflTHH-'f. (Tiaj measuring. B. Mets. 61 b (ref. to rtlaa, 
Lev. XIX, '35) Splp miia 11 this refers to land-measur- ' 
ing. Pesik. Vayhi, p. 7 a (ref. to Ex. XXVI, 6 a. il) 1HS 
'SI 'aV one niam refers to the measuring (fitting), the 
other to anointipg (the tabernacle after it is put up). Y. 
Sot. IX,23 c bot.; Snh. li b ,v.piiett?;— Sot. 45 a ,v.tti:>S; a.e. 

D^TTDj Pesik. Bkhah, p. 122 b , v. pia. 
n^D, Targ. Prov. XIV, 14 ed. Wil., v. fila II. 

-bWa,'v.^ a r . 

^"HD I P r<n - (*-h-)Af«d*aw, a nomadic tribe. Targ. Ex. 
II, 16; a. fr.— Num. B. s. 20, v, larj; Snh. 105 a ; a. fr.-^- 
Denom.iSila.^Z.&iiila. Num.B.l.c. ; 

' ^TD II m, (b. h. ; yi ) strife, — PL sisiia, <pjiia. 
H6r. T 10 fi 'SI pa 'a VlJS-HS he (Lot) cast strife between Is- 
rael and Amnion; Naz. 23 b (corr. ace). ■'. -i ■':.>• „ 

Tiy^ilZ f. (b.h.; ynl) [jurisdiction,'] district, country. 
Maas. Sh. III, 4 (contrad. to Jerusalem). B. Hash, IV, 3 ; 
Succ. Ill, 12 (contrad. to the Sanctuary);— In gen. 
province ;large town, capital. Pes. 51 a 'an Vj- all £he people 
of the place. Gen. E. s. 50, end, v. iJiliS. Esth. B. to I, 1 
S-reiBS 'a 'a lis. . . 'ittJ dlpa is wherever '«> is used in 
the Scriptures, it means a capital, wherever m'dinah is 
used, it means an hyparchia (province); a. fr. 

lawna, '^a, arena m . <m : m*.[ ? Mg . y. 

H Gen.'XV, T 19. Targ. Job I, 3'(h. text Dip); a. fr.— Y. 
Gitt. II, 44 b top 'a ia (=h. nip laa) nomads. Gen. B. s. 
37, end (translating .Dlpj-f .1*1, Gen. X, 30) 'a 111B the 
mountains of the East.— Constr. fiila. Targ.Num.XXXIV, 
11 ; a. e.— Y. B. Bath, II, 13 c top SiinlJIaa on the east-side 

, fcfflrnn' (n& • • <), ^"ia *. ch.=h. h rla . T a rg . 

Is. x/l3 (ed. Lag^nsila). Targ. IT Esth. VIII, 9.— Targ. 
Prov. XVI, 32 (h. text TO). Targ. Y. II Num. XXIV, 24 
SMI 'a Constantinople (or Borne); a. e. — Taan. 19 b , v. 
sniiEa. Lam. B. to I, 1 ifoi beg. 'a iSrtl iV*) Sin the 
gate 'of that city ;. a. fr, — PI. "jaila, RTOila. Targ. II Esth. 
1. c. Targ. I Kings XX, 14. Targi II Estb.'. IV/11 ; a. fr. 

SSfT'ia m. pll I) =h. filla, winnowing fan. Targ. Is. 
XXX, T 24 (ed. I>&g,'pl,).—Pl.' J^l^f Targ. Jer. XV, 7. 
^'TlIS'TQ. m. (isi) marker, mark.-Pl. ii^^v.STSia. 

JtrfD*l?3 f. (isi) cleansing, house-cleaning ... Targ. II 
Esth, III, 8. "';' .'■' W: 

*SFp3T73 f. CjSfl) cfeaw /a* (permitted to eat), Bekh. 
30 a Var. in Ar., v. la III. ' , • ■- 

■jTD,. partV JHf. of ttn. T 

blD, ttbla, ^^Ta m. (compound of SB, -n, a. >) 
belonging, property. Y." Keth. VI, 30 d bot. Iipsnx . . . '1 
■pal-pi Via fiias orphan's money was given in trust of 
B . . .; Y. Gitt. V, 46 d bot. (insert mai); Y. Shek. IV, 48 a 
bot. . Y. Ned. IX, 41 c ■"rt'TO'l S1H himself and whatever 
belonged to him. Lam. B. to 1, 1 TOT beg. mTa ipSKl 
[-[i^ila and gave him his belongings in charge. lb. end 
" ( iin 'al Sims is all these Riches and belongings. lb. F^Vnl 
'ai iVro "pasi sVi (read SiiVia) I was afraid lest bis rel- 
atives may take away his belongings; a. e. — V, fctblia. 

50"1Q I m. watchman's lodge, v. kVtSS. 

^ f\12 II m., pi. xr*b-ra £by drawing, resorbing. 
Pes, 40 a 'SI ■Ifl^b'ia aiK is as long as the grams' absorb 
liquid, they do not ferment; v. sVja, 

m^bia,v.nextw.- : 

Vi^TlQ {., pi. m\-rq (denom, of h?Vn) gourd-fields. 
Shebi. II, 1 'aai rnSlBpaa (ed. Y. a. Ms. Mi 'al 'fflpa; not 
'tfVia) in cucumber and gourd fields; ib. 2. Y. ib. II, beg. 

33 c nsiiai iropa ii b^bb b. s. a. 1. c. (ed. nb^iai . . . ia,. .) 
when he himself has a field of &c ; a. e.— -Erub. 104 a 'psbla 
Ms. M. (ed.-TOVi), v. nttjpa. 

toDTD,' JfODHD in. '(t;s«) g?eepi^.>-'a (n)-<a>es*- 
ing place, bed-room. 'Targ. JobXXXIII, 15. Ib. 1? (Ms. 
'^a). Targ. Y. Gen. II, 24 '5a; a. e. 

"IQ'TO = nasi ia, v. "ia I. 

1^12, ^J3 m. (=il2a; b.h. niJISa; TiS, iK/ 1 .) knot in 
reed-matting. Tosef. Eel. B.Mets. XI, 12 'a^lla^ad^nBD 
(B. S. to Kel. XX, 7 yia) two handbreadths of matting 
between each two knots.— PI. S^a, T'Wa, '31§a. Ib; 11 
'a ilBK*l IIBp K^ffl IS (not ISp; B. S. 1. c. 'Sa) before he 
knotted the tops of the knots. Ib. VII, 11 [read:] IWpiWa 
flbffl 'ah i©l*1 (v. B. S. to Kel. XVII, 17). Kel. XX, 7 ISa. 
Succ. 13 b ; Y. ib. II, end, 52 c 'Sa. 

SOmQ ch. same, bunch, bouquet. — PI. constr, 13'TO. 
SabK3 T 3 b Ar. (ed. iJOTa). 

S^D"1D m. Cji'q) o6iecf 0/ '«<«/«. Targ. Ps. LXXX, 7 

(Ms. a,Eegia XJiila).. 

VTI2 m. (b. h.; Sli) intelligence. Mace, 23 a , y, ini. . 

S'^a, iCTO,. a ch. same, knowledge,teaching ; reason. 
Targyjer.IIi; 15. Targ. Prov. I, 5. Targ. Ps. XXXIV, 1 
(Ms. T1S1).— 'a Sli (euphem. for lipa ',intt)a) male adult. 
Targ. I Sam. XXV, 22; a. fr. — PI. (fern.' form) 1STO, 'TO 
objects worth knowing or well-known, (used of persons) 
notables. Targ. O. Deut. I, 13; 15 (v. Berl. Massorah, p. 
120 ; h. text tJiSli).— V. S^la. • :.•.'/ - : ■ '' ; ' ; . >".. ', : ' - 

( QS^ia, "l^a m. (comp. of S»ia, vipreced., a. enclitic 
a for sa')' [noticeable,] something; anything (corresp. to h; 

BIN*, iiaixa or -W). Targ, Job XXXI, 7. Targ. Gen. 

XXII, 12* (Y. Levita'tOTJa). Targ. Deut. XVII, 1; a. fr.— 
Bekh. 51 b maS'll^a 'ia (Rashi a. Tosaf.) thou didst some- 
thing wrong (in giving the redemption money with the 
expectation of getting it refunded). Snh. 5o a N^-itlX 'Tax 
'31 for doing something else (unnatural gratification) he 
ought not to be punished. Tanh. Huck. 2 xaxba 'a p from 
anything unclean. B. Bath. 123 a 'a xVl ... XiJfia xb (Ms. 
M. "hto) would Joseph have been given no preference 
whatever?; a. e. — V. Wo, Efpa. . 

". n?1'a, v. n?jia. 

S]"1D m. (C)S1; v. tp) clap-board, trap for birds. Kel. 

XXIII, 5. 

*|^Q m. (tfii) a vessel used for smohing bees out, v. 
fTJ'h'f. Kel. XVI, 7. 

*] T73 m. (Cfii) indirect contact by shaking, breathing 
&c. (cmp. &™, asm).— Esp. 'a nxaio, or "a the uhclean- 
ness of an object arising from an unclean person's in- 
direct contact; the object thus made unclean ; uncleanness 
of a minor degree. Nidd. 4 a T>nnn yva (xa-j)'ai; (Tosef. 
Toh. IV, 4 D1TO) and an object of minor uncleanness 
rests under it. Sifra M'tsor a, Zabim, oh. IV, Par. 3 JlBIS 
'a mrm he makes the things under him (e. g. cushions 
directly under his head) unclean as a middaf; a. e. — PI. 
his'na laws concerning middaf. Y. Sot.V, 20 b . Y. Dem. II, 
23 a top.— Y. Sabb. VII, 9 d bot. niSSa 'a Via what kind of 
middafoth? Contact. 

Pl4 ▼■ PW- 
■ SJJTO, y. -SB. ■ 

"HD" in. (transpos. of Via, v. OT"ja) [fallings, v. &&,] 
onjttre, a material used for vessels, Sifra M'tsor a, Neg., 
Par. 6, ch. IV. [R. S. to Neg. XII, 6 quotes ila, ref. to 
X1TO' Ab. Zar. 75 b .] 

"H!Q, Eif. TKian (denom. of -,iTia) fo s&wrf, to incline. 
B. Bath. 22 b '31 hK T«iaaa Ar. a. Ms. P. (Ms. M. ">TOaa; 
ed. THaa. Ms. H. Wan'; Ms. 0. TTiaaa, v. Eabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note) when he inclines the sill of his wall (so that 
none can stand or lean on it). 

SSTID m., pi. fj-m. (transpos. of XTia; T)J; cmp. 
'^-nq) water-courses, gutters. Sabb. 145 b baa^'a -on (Ms. 
M. 'a iS; Ms. O. iTia ia) the drains of Babylonia; Bekh. 

ffs JU m. (transpos. of Xiia, i^fi; cmp. preced.) chas- 
tising whip. Yoma23 a (Ms.L,,NSnia;'Ar.s.v.m 3 : xmilTO; 
Ms. 0. NrmS>na, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 8), v. S^pBI. 

TITTIU, ^"TiU f. (b.h.; rty 1) embankment, ac- 
clivity. Kil. VI, 2 'an nnxi pxa, nnx one row on level 
ground and one on the embankment. Y. ib. 30 c top SlEitB 
'pi&z 'an (not 9SHB) the slope of the embankment is 
considered as if on a level with the lower ground; Y. 
Sabb. XI, 13 a bot.; a. fn— PL TflSTn, "mg. Tosef. Peah 
I, 9. Shebi. II, 8; Tosef. ib. Ill, 4, v. X*S — 2) step, rank. 
Kidd. 40 b . ..-,.■'' 

T\12, pi ni-na, v, ilia. . 

NSTDtYIQ f. pr. n. (-pi) Madrokhitha, name of a 
peak. T Targ. I Sam. XIV, 4 (h. text 'fiso). 

"JTT1Q, /'T'/Q (in Y. Dial.) "yvtVm, inflaa' m. (v. &nTO a. 
ins II) Sloping; 'a dlpa declivity. Pes. 42 a , opp. yjiaiBS." B. 
Mets. 82 b ,sq..-Y. Sabb. XI, 13 a bot. '5la dp'an Jl^hffia when 
the place was sloping; Y. Erub.X, 26 a bot. '3a; Y.B.Bath. 
I, end, 13 a TiTnSa. Y. Erub. I, 18 c top '31 '31a "STrl (sub. 
Dlpa) if there was a declivity in the middle of the alley. 
Y. Sot. IX, 23 c bot. '5a.— Tosef. Mikv. IV, 10 (expl. W^Tin) 
'to -pxaM QTOU33 ia (Maim., to Mikv. V, 6 'a!i ya) rain 
water that runs down a declivity. 

]TnD, "TIG ch. same. Targ. Mic. 1,4 (ed. Wil. "rra ; 
h. text Tlia). 'Targ. Ps. LXXXIII, 14 (ed. Lag.' "ila). V. 

-m n. 

■■ rfrnnn,. v,--mw. . . 

0"tTG m. (0^) 1) treading, place trodden upon, in 
gen. basis, seat, esp. midras, levitical uncleanness arising 
from a gonorrhoeist's immediate contact by treading, lean- 
ing against &c, Nidd. VI, 3 'a(a) xaaiail te whatever can 
be made unclean as a midras; expl. ib> 49 b 'ab "nrn to 
whatever is fit to be used as a seat, Couch &c. Kel. XXlV, 
1. Par. X, 1 ; a. v. fr. — In gen. =nxaiaii ax, uncleanness 
of the first degree. Hag. II, 7; a, ir.—Pl. niffiTO eases of 
midras. Hull. 35 a . Sabb. 59 a ; a. e. — 2) a sort of shoe or 
heel. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. II, 14 'ab IX V©3ab ijipnn K. 
S. to Kel. XII, 5 (ed. Cii'nnab, corr. ace.) if he mad§ the 
nail for a shoe or a midras. 

snifi, v. K*no. 

NpIlD, v. X^"iiia. 

Vj~fp2 m. (b. h. ; fflnfl) textual interpretation; study. 
Keth.TV,*6 '31 iWB n» the following interpretation 
did B ... . teach &c. ; Shek. VI, 6.— Y. Yeb.XV, 14 d ytns 
'a naih3,v. nasir&j, a. fr.— Ab. 1, 17 'si -ipisfi xin 'art xb 

not study is the main thing, but practice is. Kidd. 49 a 

bot. 'a law . . . rtSffla by Mishnah , E. Judah says, 

we understand textual interpretation (as Sifra, Sifre &C.), 
contrad. to nisbrt. Ib. b min B^iTO ttlin ^Xa (E. Johahan 
means) by Torah the interpretation of the Torah text ;— 'isn nia (abbr. a"na) school, college, Meg.27 a 3"na 
a"ha llmiBsb "ltlia you may change a synagogue into a 
school house; a. iv.-^-Pl. niuJ'lTO. Ker. 13 b . Y. Ter. Vllly 
45 b top ; (ib. I, 40 d rvmpa). Gen. E. s. 42 'a TC school 
houses; a. fr.— Esp. Midrash, homiletic book, fiai sj'trd 
Midrash Babbah, homilies on the Pentateuch (and the five 
M'gilloth) (beginning with nai KiSOirTn).— rm 'a (front 
its beginning mtl, Prov.XXII,29)=Si-|il!3n TV) 12 GaitM* 
cum Babbah; inox 'a Midrash Esther or Ssifer Babbah 
&c.^X1alB 'a a Midrash to the Books of Samuel; trim 'a, 
salso ait) iniaj (from its beginning, Prov. XI, 27) a- Midrash 
to the Psalms. — xainJPi 'a Midrash Tanhwma,, to the 
Pentateuch.— Pi D' i a5'n u ia Midrdshim^ esp. nian Babboth 
(a plural of fia^ by false analogy). • :■. : .-.>. 



NETfTO, '"TO oh. same. Lev. E. s. 9 'a sonn (read: 
iJStilrt; Num. B. s. 9 tWft iii"K) the lecture was delayed. 
—'a 13 (in Targ. frequ. only 'a) ==h. ttmah rV3, v. preced. 
Targ. Y. Gen. IX, 27. Ih. XXV, 27; a. fr. — Ab, Zar. 74 b ; 
Erub. 60 a , v. hllX. Y. Yoma III,40 C bot., v. mil. Pes. 33 a ; 
a. e.— P/. ^tilla, 'tfi^hlo, "ia. Targ. Jud. V, 24. Targ. Vs. 
LXXX, 11; a"e. 

SKmlQ, 'a xnffiijs, v. KW?ja. 

/ID, nD (b. h.) 1) something ; anything. Num. E. s. 
14; Tanh. Haye 3, v. haiba.— 2) what? which? Hull. 89 a 
(play on d5x Maxh, Ps.LVIH, 2) tSita . . . injalj* na which 
is the best policy for man in this world? Let him act as if 
he were mute (keep silence) . B. Mets. 63 a , a. e.ib ha )U ib ha 
■jhial what are they to me and what their equivalent, i. 
e. what difference does it make whether the purchased 
objects or their equivalent be delivered?; Y. Yoma'V, 43 a 
bot. pial "pa hal ■jnijia ha. B. Bath. 32 b ; 31 a lb (ib), ha 
IptBb what motive could he have to tell a lie? lb., a. e. 
'21 tfns &lpa3 Ipffib ib ha we do not apply the principle 
that we believe a defendant because he has no motive 
to lie, where witnesses are on hand; a. v. fr. — Ejet ... ha 
what . . . ?, even so, i. e. as ... so. Gitt. 23 b '=1 t)K . . . Win ha 
as you (Num. XVIII, 28) refers to Israelites, so must your 
delegate be an Israelite. Sabb. 133 b '31 S)5t , . Xlh ha as 
He is gracious and merciful, so be thou &c; a. fr.— ..ha 
■pis bs !xb . ., v. ba.— lil lSif* . . . ha, v. p* n.— pa . . -? ha 
lash . . . what has this to do with . . . ? In this case . . . , 
whereas &c, i. e. it is different with . . . because &c. Kidd. 
4 b '31 laxn . . . pffl : haaib ha the case of a Y'bamah is 
different, because she can neither be acquired by means 
of a document, whereas this (an ordinary woman) &c. ; a. fr. 
— *jtt5)M ha (in Babli mostly: -jUSa hHfi.; abbr; 3"aa) what- 
ever be thy opinion (from whatever opinion thou start), i. 
e. whichever side you take, at all events. Y. Ber. I. 2 b '5 'a 
'31 DX at all events (he has offended); if it was day-time 
when the first stars (on Friday evening) were visible, it 
was day-time when the first stars (onSabbath evening) were 
visible &c. ; Sabb. 35 b Van ttKan 3iirl must bring a sin- 
offering at all events (whether you consider twilight a 
part of the day or a part of the night). lb. 34 a (in Chald. 
diet.) '31 is "125Si ha whichever side you take, if twilight 
is day &c. Erub. 10 a '31 i« 3"aa ib hab . , . hbllS what 
reason was there for saying 'large . . .'? In either case 
(it is incorrect), if it be to permit the use of the larger 
court &c. Hull. 29 a '31 hsna i« ;"aa in either case (the 
slaughtering is ritually correct); if you adopt the opinion 
that an exact half is to be considered as if it were the 
larger portion &c; — lb. 78 b "]W£i) DK ho, v. Vtji.— 
hB3 a) wherewith? B.Bath. 10 b '31 &nn ha3 whereby 
can the horn of Israel be lifted up? Sabb. II, 1 ; a. fr.— 
b) in what case ? dillast Qiiai haa (abbr. N""i3), v. las I. 
— hab wherefore? Ber. 3 a ib hab 60ai& .... hbhn what 
need is there for a sign for the beginning of the first 
watch? iff. Kat. 28 a '31 h3aD3 'b why is the account of the 
death of Miriam attached to &c.?; a. fr. — hsab to what?, 
whereto? Kidd.40 b tiibu)a3 taipIS 'bwhat are the righteous 
to be compared to?— hall I3"ih 'b, v. hal;— V. hab. 

—3) (relat.) which, what. Pes. 88 b '31 133 hSpffl ha what- 
ever the slave acquires belongs to the master. Ber. I, 1 
'31 iiattlB ha bs for whatever act the scholars designated 
the time 'up to midnight' &c; a. v. fr. 

TV2, tV2 ch. same (v. Ka). Targ. II Sam. XVHI, 23. Targ. 
Ex.XXXHI,21; a. v. fr.— Snh. 65 b ; Gen. E.s.l^v.&fiaia. 
Y. Ned. VI, end, 40 a )vlr\ hipaffl ha what (prominent men) 
I left there (in Palestine); Y. Snh. 1, 19 a top (corr. ace.) 
[lb. ib Slla ha, read -jstaj — Y. Gitt. I, 43 d "paup yx ha 
what do we stand at, i. e. what is the case before us? 
Y. Dem. I, 21 d bot. '31 "11 Iffl&X ha what? is it possible 
that &c? i. e. it is impossible that &c; ib. biaia '1 "l.ha 
'31 it is impossible that B. Z. should eat &c. Y. Sabb. 
XIV, 14 c phiiia ha wherein do they differ?, v. "pa. Hull. 
34 a , a. e. -]ffi>S3 ha, v. preced. ; a. v. fr.— Niha=«ih ha, how 
is it? Y. Sabb. I.e. 


m^^JlH, Y. Keth. 1, 25 b top, v.",3h. [Comment, take 
our w. as a geographical designation of coins; v. Zucker- 
mann Talm. Miinzen, p. 15.] 

^Tiir^ m. (Ilh) review, revision. B. Bath. lS7 b 
'31 *n sap 'a (in) the first revision (of the Talmudic 
traditions) by E. Ashi he told us (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 
3). [In later literature 'a edition.] 

tfytflnn m. (Tih) peddler.— PI. iiWhti. Ber. 5l b , v. 

flflD, NHH, Pi. hhia, shia (v. hha) to dissolve, di- 
lute; (of clothes) to make threadbare and ragged.— Part, 
pass. Khiha, f. Nhiha, hhiha. Toh. IX, 9 hhiha rvbaa 
ed. Dehr. (oth. ed. fcth . . . ) a tattered (scorched) piece of 
cloth; Nidd. 56 a xhlhah nibaa; ib.4 a 'halhah (corr. ace). 
Kel. XXIV, 17 '31 hubattJ hhiha a threadbare shred 
patched on a sound one (hiiia, v. Xiia). 

Nif. hhai,Nha3 to be tattered, fall to pieces. Ib.XXVII, 
12 ed. Dehr. Nhai, Mish. ed. hhaJ; Talin. ed. hhaJ). 

Eif. hhah, sthah to dissolve; to crumble, sift. Maas. 
Sh. V, 1 -]siffll hhaa Ar. (ed. pr. Nhaa; ed. hhaa) he dis- 
solves (the lime) and pours it over the spot; B.Kam.69 a 
hhaa Ms. E. (ed. r\n . .). Zeb. 54 a '31 xhaai . . . to &2a 
Ar. (ed. hhaal) takes lime, molten lead and pitch and 
mixes them and pours &c. Ohol.XVIII,4 hhaoled.Dehr. 
(Ar. Shaai, ed. titl...) and crumbles (and sifts the earth). 

^HD h. (=1h ha) what is it? how is it? Targ. 
II Estill 1, 2 (3); a. e.— Kidd.33 b, 3l TiaSHD 'a how is it,"i. e. 
must his father stand up before him? Ib. '31 liasb 'a must 
one stand up &c. ? — Y. Yoma III, beg. 40 b ip113 'a what 
does bor'kay mean?— Hull. 46 a 'a apbha how is it if the 
liver is &c, v. apb; a. v. fr. — Xa^hl 'a what is it you 
might think?, i. e. you might be under the impression. 
Arakh. 21 b '31 iblaa'1 'a you might assume that'he an- 
nulled (the protest), therefore we are given to under- 
stand &c, v. XBUBQ; a. fr. 



rising, aKMfizj, v . ^aqia. 

SSblflD, fctblTiO m. OliTal) circumciser. Sabb.l56\ 
— J?. T ii6iiTa. IbT I35 a . 

fcOlfiD I f. = KnViha n. Keth. 8 a 'a *>a a festival of 

fcOlllQ II m. (bn?) sieve.-^-Pl. m^rto. Y. M. Kat. 
I, 81 bT top '31 'a •pV'sq "nin permitted to" make sieves dur- 
ing the festive week for the use on the Festival. 

SrDinD I f. same. Gen. B. s. 81, v. SJ-iH; Tanh, 
VayisM. 8, v.'lU^B II— Bets. 29 b 'a*l S3SS on an inverted 
sieve.— PI. Wj^rta. lb. M. Kat. ll a 'a Vwrai to plait 
sieves (during the festive week), v. preeed. 

SSrplflH, D II f. (bnal) circumcision; foreskin. 
Targ. Ex. IV,' 25, sq. (0. ed. Berl. xrfsha). Targ. Y. Gen. 
XLV, 4; a. e. 

TV2rlTV2, nKfifiQ f. (b. h.; nirt or van) commotion, 
trouble. Ab.V, 8 'a ^as SSI a famine in consequence of 
(war) trouble. Koh. B. to XII, 12 Jtin 'a . . . ioiB 'a nana 
'31 for mehemmah (ib.) read m'hummah, for whosoever 
brings more than the twenty four Biblical books to his 
house, brings trouble &c; a.e. [Nidd. 4 a 'rtalttafl, v. I"rtia.] 

NFDVlQ ch. same. PI. SHTQSfra. .Targ. Esth. I, 10. 

tsrra, t.wto. 


N^na («D n na), v. xsiiia. 

Itf TflD f. (Via I) circumcision, 'a IS fit for circum- 
cision! Yeb. 71 a . 

"PHD I m. gwiefc, v. lira 

""PHD II m. waM»", a fabulous animal of gigantic 
dimensions. Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 d bot. [read:] blib inia Ifia 
'31 KiniB 'a )tO S3 "1"« is it permitted to raise animals 
(in Palestine) ? SaysB.Ba,Even an animal like mahir &c; 
Y. Pes. IV, 30 d bot. (corr. ace); Y. B. Kam. VII, end, 6 a 
(out of place). 

SVn^flD f. (lirta I) quickness, speed. Gen. E. s. 10, 
oppos. nuvia, 

5l"TjQ (= ^») to circumcise. Y. Yeb. VIII, 8 d top bs 
■jbijia^ Hia with the condition that he will circumcise 
them. Ib. bot. 3"Sa ftnia riK thou must circumcise him 
(the slave) even against his will. Gen. B. s. 46. Cant, E. 
to 1, 12;— Part. pass. S*iha. Yeb. 71 a , v. ijiSaa. Ib. 
'a '(Kiiittte) ibis born without a prepuce; a. fr. 

bH/Q I ch. 1) same. Yeb. 71 b bina »Vo"a laiaai and 
why did they not practice circumcision in the desert? Ib. | 

72 a fi">3 j'lj^rta Sb we do not perform the operation on it(a 
cloudy day &c). Sabb. 134 a n^na^l Ms. M. (ed. iltbncrt>\ 
v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) and then one (they) shali dr- 
ib. 136 a rrt )Vtyyo 13T1 ifiaia how dare 
him (on the Sabbath) ? lb. 3"aa rT^fiav 
let us circumcise him at all events (v. l"ia h.); — Part, 
Wja. lb.; a. fr.— 2) (neut. verb) to be circumcised. Snh. 
39 a '31 "jjiinai px we who are circumcised cannot be- 
come like you; '31 iinibrta •)!«* (Ms. M. lima, read iVfla) 
have yourselves circumcised and be like us. 

5<1D II (cmp. htta, a. ina; cmp. Is. I, 22), .i/ 1 . VhaK 
fo attenuate, dilute. Pesik. Ekhah, p. 122 b (ref. to Is. 1. c.) 
Tfb Wjah dilute it(the wine); V>naK.-V.!srtia. 

?J 5HD m. (b. h.; T^n) owy, journey, diurnal distance. 
Hag. 18 a '31 2)an 'a a journeying distance of five hundred 
years; Pes. 94 b ; Y. Ber. I, 2 C bot.; a. fr. 

JjbjlD (tpbfTD) ch. same. Targ. Jonah III, 3, sq. 
Targ. f. Ex. XII, 31. 

snbrjD, v. Kft^naii. 

m'liDriQ, 'T112 f. pi. (b, h. nilafta; Ian, cmp. iari, 
lan I) debris', mounds used as burying places for executed 
criminals. Y. M. Kat. I, 80 c bot. 'aa . . . FBI WO in former 
days they buried them (the convicts) in mounds (while 
later on special places were provided for them ; v. Snh. 
VI, 5) ; Y. Snh. VI, 23 d bot. 'naa (correct the entire pas- 
sage in accordance with Y, M. Kat. 1. c). 

■piiOJlQ m. ch. same. Targ.Ps. CXL, 11 Eegia (ed. 


yTQ='jn')Ka. Y.Shebi.IV,35 a bot,'3VS1la'a(Y.Snh. 
in, 21 b 'jXa) who told thee &c.?— [Y.Erub. V, end, 23 a , 
read ma "pSirt i-iint*.] 

N^p-'SHib, v. txeasn. 

WDBJlQ m. (^&n) perverse. Targ. Prov. XVI, 28. 

mdssnn, ■ 

"iHQ (b. h.; cmp. 11a) to exchange, buy- Denom. inia. 

Pi. Ifia (cmp. E]bfi) 1) to hurry, be speedy. Sabb. 97 a 
'31 siai rrtnaa comes quicker than &c. B. Kam. 93 a 'p'inaa 
'31 psisls he who cries for revenge will sooner be punished 
than he who is cried against. Sifre .Deut. 27.7 ,isst inaa 
133) vjj sisji^i I (the Lord) will sooner take revenge when 
a poor man is wronged than when a rich man is; a. fr. 
—2) to expedite. Kidd. 31 b "Wrta expedite me (on my 

"iJlDj.v.inia.. . -.'.'' 

\t\12, "I "n/2 m. (b. h.; preeed. art.) quick, ready. Ab. 
V, 12*1^ 'ai »ial!ft 'a quick of perception and quick 
to forget. Ex. E. s. 11, beg.; a. e. 

" jTVTQ f. (b. h.; preeed.) speed; 'aa speedily, easily. 
Ab. V, T 20 IJia^a 'aa soon, in our life-time. Ber. 17 a IBh'a 

'31 soon destroy their counsel. Ned. 20 a X 
will not easily be led to sin; a. e. 


of Lot; the Moabite 
M313 through the 

2SSJ1D pr, n. (b. h.) Moab, 
people. Gen. E. s. 51, end 3N 

merits of Moab, that is mi ab, of him who is called father 
(Abraham). Num. B. s. 20 "p"ia DS 'a VQnro Moab and 
Midian formed an alliance; a. fr. — Targ. Y. Hum. XXV, 
15. Targ. Gen. XIX, 37; a. fr. 


- ,}1Np&$ij3 m. ch. = next w, Targ. O, Num. XXII, 3 
(Y.fcakla,'read:\X...); a.e.—PL ^3!*ia< 'Sjia. Targ. Gen. 
XIX, 37. Targ. Deut. XXIII, 4; ^e.-^-Fem. 'KrTOSWQ. Targ. 
EuthlV, 5; a. e. ' : 

, " l 3!J<iQ m.(b, h.) Moabite. Yeb, VIII, 3. fi^lb!* 'al Tilas 
'31 marriage with an Ammonite or a Moabite is forbidden 
and the prohibition continues forever (with reference to 
their descendants; Deut. XXIII, 4); a. fr.— PL tfosio,- 
D^aitia, pasj'i-a. • Num. B. s. 20. Gen. B. S; 74; a. fr' — 
Fern, rpasia. Yeb. 69 a , a. e. (ref. to Deut. 1. c.) &6l i38ia 
'a a male Moabite is excluded from intermarriage but 
not a female. 

MT^iU v.rusatfn. . 

TOiaiD, pDiaia, varwin, v . »#». 

. HS^ED f.(part.Hof,of xia; cmp.Ex.XXVII,7)M>ed#ed 
into, exact size of. Neg. VI, 6 'a nunsa (Ar. TOla) exactly 
the size of a lentil; Tosef, ib. II, 10 quot. in B. S. to Neg. 
l, c. (ed. Zuck. nj-iwa, v. yts). 

■ •sm^nia^amv.nextw. 

NFuOid f. (hlF) load. Gen. E. s. 80 nirf^aia 'psa 
carrying his load (to market). Ib. s. 70 Hirfpaia Slim OKI 
'31 (not 'lVraia, "iVora) and if his load was' Worth two 
&c, ¥. T?is. 

bllD, fcOHWQ c.same. Y.Hall. IV, end,60 b ; Y.Dem, 
III,23 b bot. '■« '(corr. ace). Y. Taan. I, 64 b bot. nnbia an** 
nbaia OTTO, he put his cloak Over his load. Lam. B. to 
I, 1 VIST, beg. yiDipl 'a a load of wood; a. fr.— Pf. liila. 
Ib. introd. (E. Joh. 1), v. K3WB. 

rQ^H, v. n«aia. ' 

Jffl ch. =b. h. Ma, to melt. 

Af. aiax to cause to flow, to make sore. Gen. E. s.41 
(ref. to '-pais, Is. LI, 23) -pan pa'raa'i )^» (Ar. y^Saa'i 
Tnna, fr. ''SO), v. nbrfc; ib. s. 69; Yalk. Is. 337 ■piaaT'p'ix 
Tpa (some ed. 'pSaT ... *p5ia, corr. acp.).— Y- Jjfcata. 

*Ithpol. aaiarw (v. Syr. toaa, P.Sm.2001) to be languid, 
to act like a languid person. Ab. Zar. 70 b Kin Sais3 
iiian^pl Ms. M. Var. (not >aaiarr>K ; strike oufe&talwn 
JSianapT JX1.T as a tautography) he may say, I was only 
a little, lazy (and stretched myself so as to reach over to 
the neighbor's roof ;Bashi a.l. quotes aVar.iJ&V.aaiana.h.). 

«HQ m. (Ma) a melting substance, «««»(?).. PesifeK 1:33 ■ 
(play on 'aia&, II Chr. II, 7) .Tin 'as' TO the hard blocks . 
became soft like mog, v. Trqffl. " > 

• ; ^nv.^a. 
% n™a,^-i^ia,v.m™. 

Itf 5 3 'Id. m. (denom. of Via ;' cmp. iitia) pws, tenacious 
matter.' Hull. 48 a 'a »iVa if the abscess in the kidneys 
is full of matter, opp. d"OT tra. Ib. 55 b . Yeb. 75 b . pBDl 
'31 'al D1h3 n^ia (Ar. 'a ntna pSDI) and there came out 
of the wound something like a thread of pus, and yet he 
begot children afterwards. 

* IKtO^D m. (&l with format, b; chip. Hk, tob) 
pivot, hinge —PI. KJblpMa. Targ. I Kings VII, 50 (h. text 

112^12,112^12 m. (v. STaia, a. 1aJ I) spices put on 
coats, offered after dinner, perfume. Ber. VI, 6. Y. ib. 
10 d '31 ps nVsnai fflS 'a as soon as the smoke rises from 
the burning spices &c. ; a. fr. — Sabb. 18 a 'la TO^a ; Y. ib. 
1, 4 a top 'an l^nu, v. "iaa I.— PI. rvhaato. Ber. 43 a . 

JHDJID, Y; Keth. IX, 33 b bot. 'a -p, v. satoKifl. 

("PUIS, rn^lD f.(")a_Nl) storage,storedup provision, 
magazine. — PL h'haia. Tosef. Dem. I, 10 he who buys 
•pTi'xa niTVVian 'p ed. Zuck. (Var. "15a, maa) from the 
stores in Zidoh; Y. ib. 1, 22 a bot. rwiaa. Tosef. he. rYiTiaia 
TIS3 ed.Zuck. (Var. niliaia, niliaa;'Y. 1. c. nTtiia), opp. 

rnJid, v. n^aia. ' 

ril2 (cmp. Tin) {to stretch one's self,] to swim: Gitt. 
C7 b wil .and let him swim. ; 

m^TJmD, Yalk. Ps. 656, v. ibi"13. 

S^ n "ti73, n^lilQ f. (modius) modius, a Bonian dry 
measure, corresp.' to nxb. Gitt. 57 a .T— PI. TWffin. Ib. Y. 
Maasr. IV, 51 b bot. r\T«Ti'a; Num. E. s. 4, beg. nitf^-pa. 

^1lM2, rrn"Tid ch. m. same. Esth. B. to 1, 4 'a m. 
li-OTTr'a modius of denars; Y. Pes. IV, end, 31 c iilia (read 
'iiTla). Ib. Ill, 30 a top, v. ■(io'lBiH. Erub. 83 a , v. KWSM.— 
PL .'i^ia. Y. B. Earn. IX, 6 d ,' sq. pTia, frequ. inTalm. 
Y. for' pia, v. ^J 

D.^"11D m. Modim, the last but third section of the 
Prayer of Benedictions, so called from its beginning 'a 
WlSSt (we offer thanks). Ber. V, 3 (a reader who says) 
'31 'a 'a modim twice must be silenced;. Meg. IV, 9 (25 a ). 
Y. Ber.II,5 a bot. 'a 13a mn 13 when it comes to modim; 

y^\\12 m. (9.TJ) mark, mnemotechnicat sign. — Fl. 
displa, "ps.i'iia. Erub. 54 b bot. (play on Slia, Pro v. VII, 4) 
.T-ilrt 'a htBS ed. Sonc. (ed. ' tfWTrai, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note 8) make mnemonical symbols for the study of the 
Law; Yalk. Pro v. 940; Yalk. Jer. 315. 

Umpi TPSFtD pr. n. pi, v. BVfia. ' 

JtfTllD ni. = ]*Wq. Targ. Prov. XXIX, 3 Ms.; ib. 
XXVIII, 8 "VO; ib.VT, 31 'T>a Ar. (ed. everywhere 'btg; 
h. text Tih). . , 

nb'lID m, TVVfilZ f. 1) part. Hof. of nbl.— i)gourd- 
fteldy'v! ft&'TQ. 

TPyVlD-f. (nbl) hanging fruits. B. Mets. 9l\ v. nVn. 

'MTIH c. (denom. of SWIIX; v. JVJST.ia) seate. Targ. 
Y. Ex. I, 15.— PI. "pillKa. Targ. Koh. II,' 8 ed. Lag. (oth. 
ed. "p51Kl'a, 'ixia), Targ. Y. Lev.XIX, 36- "illilia (not 'alia). 

fctJTj)? (h. form nsiia) f . (SI 1 ;) declaration, esp. pro« 
before witnesses against a forced or unduly influenced 
action. B.Bath. ,40 a '31 "JKax &6l* 'a paro &6 we write 
a protest only against a person who does not submit to 
law. Ib. b nniarf? 'a join the order to write a deed of, 
donation in secret is a protest annulling a subsequent 
disposal by deed.. lb, 49 a IS^iai TVl 'a if witnesses sub- 
scribed to a deed say, We signed after the owner had 
entered a verbal protest before us against the deed ; a. fr. 

"'SHiQ m. (v. next w.) of Modim, esp. 'an (HSbs '1) 
B. El/of Modim. Ab. Ill, It ; a. fr.— Sabb. 55 b ; B. Bath. 
lO b -'BV'p'HS 15S "pi15> we still need the Modite (for 

D^SHiD, i^nlD pr. .n. pi. Modaim, Modim, Modin, 
the native place of the Asmonean family. [Eds. a. Mss. 
vary between 'Slia,. .'S^lia a, mplia.] Kidd. 66 a . Pes. 
IX, 2. lb. 93 b 'Si'd^BH^I 'an b ,a from M. to Jerusalem 
are fifteen miles. Hag. Ill, 5; Tosef. ib. in, 33; a. fr.— 
[o^sna, Emb. 54 b , v. siiia.] 

sTl"~lD f. (b. h.; VT) acquaintance; trnsf. (m.) friend. 
Y. Peah IV, beg. i8 a 'si insula Tisi n'tn-'i tAa> B. S. to 
Peah IV, 1 (ed. lF©1a) that he may not see a poor man 
who is his friend and cast it before him. 

]trm, v. ii-^a. 

' N^IID, v. apiila. 

'«fjin,.y. ^ia. '. 

fcO/liD f. (SiT;) gift. Targ. Prov. XXI, 14. Ib. VI, 35 
(some ed. N3ina, read SOMa), — PI. constr. "^ilia. Targ. 

Y. i Deut. xvni, 8 (not innia). 

irarn'D, *orfio, mirtv f.same. T ar g .prov. 

XVIII, 16. 'Targ. Ps.XVI, 5 rnania constr. (Ms. 'aifta). 
Targ. Y. Deut. XVI, 17 mania; a. e — PI. BhWia. Targ. 
Prov. XV, 27 (some ed. sing.). Targ. Y. Deut.' XVIII, 2 

- nniD, "'HiD, a disguise of nuia. Ned. I, 2 (10 a ) 115 
'aa (Mish. ed;' Jstniaa, Bab. ed. "*niaa 1115; corr. ace), if 
one says, A vow by (that pf) Mohi .; Tosef. ib. I, 2. lalWl 
mia ixiinma ed. Zuck. (Var. nma . . . Mia, ima, a. laNIl 
for 1X11) read:- 'a lasil 'a laixn if one says, 0eder)Mohi, 
pr (.Neder) d'amar Mohi, the vow of M. or the vow which 

M. uttered; expl. Y. ib. I, 37 a top [read:] 'a. ,1151 ,1153 
'31 nil)a 1151 lalaa by the vow which M. Vowed,* that 
means, by the oath which Moses vowed, as wje read (Ex. 

II, 21) &c; Bab. ib. 10 b Cilia las' 0& 'aa lalxn if a person 
said, by Mohi, he said nothing, but if he says, by the 
oath which M. spoke &c. Ib. 22 b 'Dl 'aa'nilJ i» if thou 
hadst vowed by M. (using- the phrase 'a 113) &o.— [Tria 
water, v. iia.] 

■'rnn.v.w. • ^ ■■•-. 

jTViH m. (v. Via II) a thin secretion. Y. Naz. VII, 56 b 
BIplB 'an the secretion (from a decaying corpse) which 
congealed, opp. iina inilS if it is still fluid. Ib. IX, 57 d 
bot. ; Y. B. Bath. V, beg. 15 a . [Mish. a. Tosef. Srria, q. v.] 

Of ,ilD m. circumciser, v. ina. 

abrrfa, v. xwna. 

in ID, in)U m. (b.h.; ina) exchange, esp. the price 
paid for the wife; (in later practice) the wife's settlement, 
widowhood (nalni). Mekh. Mishp, N'zikin, s. 17 (ref. to. 
Ex. XXII, 15) 'a Y^S niljiS XlffiB laia this' indicates 
that he (the father) imposes it upon him (the seducer) 
as a mohar; '31 naina &6x 'a "psi and moliar rneans 
k'thubah, as we read (Gen. XXXIV, 12) &c; Y. Keth. 

III, 27 d top (read nnix for )m&). Bab. ib. 10 a (ref. to Ex. 
XXII, 16) '31 nibipan 'as nt Kni© that this (fine) be equal 
to the indemnity for outraged virginity (Deut. XXII, 29), 
and the settlement of virgins be like this (indemnity, i. 
e. fifty Shekel silver); a. fr.— PL "pinto, constr. ^inia. 
Y. ib. Ill, beg. 27 a [read:] nibra iiniab aijna flti lls^ 
fntfr if it read, like the indemnities for virgins, it might 
be right (as you say). 

5<"lfliD ch. same. Targ. Y. Gen. XXXIV, 12, — PI. 
(withsingular meaning) yinia ; constr. iinia. Targ. 0. ib. 
Targ. I Sam. XVIII, 25. Targ. 0, Ex. XXII^16 (Y. ^il^a). 

I "]n*Q m. pi. (preced.) exchange, adaptation of a 
name of a Persian festive season and faM^cmp.Strp^j?!*). 
Ab. Zar. ll b (Ms. M. finia; ed. Ven. a.oth. "(lina.v.Babb. 
D. S. a. 1. note);. Y. ib; I, 39 R "nina a Babylonian season. 

"* |? J l7T\T2 m. pi. name of a Persian and of a Babylon- 
ian festive season, (v. preced. a. next w.). Ab. Zar.l 1 b (Ms.M. 
ipS&mia for the Persian season; ed. Ven. a. oth. ipiina); 
Y. ib. I, 39 c hSpl^na, a Median season (prob. a corruption 
of our w.). [V..P1. to Levy Talm. Diet. p. 3052.] 

"^irP^ m. pi. (used as sing, sub. IBB) (pin, v. Np/in) 
surety, esp. for royal taxes (NS13). Yeb. 46 a ; B. Mets. 73 b 
'31 isni iniipinia (Ms. M. 'ihla) the surety for these 
people lies in the archive of the king, and the king has 
ordained that he who pays no charga can be made the 
servant of him who pays (for him). — [Erub. 62 a nsMa 
iSSIiaxi 'aa. (Babad isasms, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note:;60) ' 
a lease is sound if made legal by sureties and (counter- 
signed) by officers. Oth. explan., v. StsaiifiX.] > ■> 

. primip, Targ. Prov. XV, 8, some, ed, a. Va.r, ed. Lag, 
a corrupt, for niRpnia or' h"«j5Vitn. ." 

5"N0, Tosef. Toh. Vin, 7, v. is; I. 

TnTlQ m. (|J.aupo<;) black. Gen. B. s. 7 Ar. (ed.p^a), 

v. Thaw*. 

WlD m. (81; cmp. WKJ) 1) c/m#. Targ. Ps. I, 4: 

o^ onions, leek. Kidd. 
> 'an 'a ; Bashi: a AawJ- 

ia.— 2) ♦isaiu'i 'a Zea 
52 b '©l 'a (Ar. Split 'a, a glos 
f«£ of onions). 

nDUD, Y. Keth. XI, 34 b 
Trasi (v. Asheri to Keth. 53 a ). 

"ITHID, Talk. Deut. 945, v. HIS. 

StfS'TO m. (tit 1 ;) creditor. Targ. Ps. CIX, 11 Ms. (ed. 
KS1TO). ' 

iOliH II m. 0>1K II) yarn. Midi-. Sam. ch. XXIII 
'31 TpVfia plDS cut thy yarn and cease thy talk (a pro- 
verbial expression). 

■piDT"fa], l^riQ f. pi. = h. CM] Kb, scales. Targ. 0. 
Lev. XIX.36 (s^me ed. llWKb), V.'^ia. 

fcW'PD.m. pi. same. Targ. Y. II Lev. XIX, 36 (ed. 
Amst! SOill'a, corr. ace). Targ. Is. XL, 12; 15. 

IDpQ, v. iBia. 

fcODTlO m. = KBim Targ. Prov. XXII, 7. 

niQ m. (b. h. nb; Tina, v. nna) marrow, esp. (with or 
without Wl) twk Tosef. Pes. VI, 10, v. n'ilp. Hull. 
Ill, 1 'a ittJ dflp the membrane which surrounds the 
brain, v. KrV^rj IV. lb. 45 a 'a . . . . na to 'a as to moah, 
whatever is contained in the skull is considered as brain. 
Ib. b inia ail the larger part of the marrow of the spine 
(spinal cord); a. fr.— Men. 80 b ; Teb. 9 a lV? 3 'a lb y« 
has no brains in his head. 

HID, ^niD ch. same, brain; also taad. Targ. 0. 
Deut. XXVIII, 35 (h. text Iplp).— Hull. 45 a , v. Kh^n IV. 
Meg. 19 b 'as nb irrai and they struck it (B. Hia's opinion) 
on the head, i. e. opposed it (Bashi: and he (E. H.) struck 
it, &c, i. e. modified it, read: ifial). Gen. B. s. 68 rrrria, 
v. SSJ3; a. fr.— PI. SWia. Targ.T. Deut. XXVIII, 22 (some 
ed. sjjia) marrow of bones. 

IfimD, IIDD, Tosef. Nea. I, 2, v. nnia. 

^rilD m. (denom. of nn», y.bnia) £Mw secretion. Toh. 
IX, 2 "ifia KSW1 'an the fluid which runs out of the olives 
(before they are pressed); ib. 3 "fro jucvn 'an'that which 
runs (after the oil is pressed out); ib. Iian la XXFn 

which comes out of the pit after the oil has been taken 
out; Tosef. jb.X,3 Tan rVn fip'tfa SS2W 'a. Makhsh.VI, 
5 laffl iTra KSV 'an -pN; To'sef. 1. c. lalffl imsns T (read: 
■jaffl) the secretion (of olives) cannot be excluded from 
the category of (must be classified with) (diluted) oil; 
Sabb. 144 a , v. n«nX; a. fr. 

pnilQ m. (pna) the flat end of the writing instrument, 
used'for erasing, V. snis. Kel. XIII, 2 ; a. e. 

12NI2 (b. h.) to incline, waver, decline; to give way, 
bend. Y. Snh. X, 27 d bot., v. infra. Tanh. B'har 1 BTORffip 

.'31 "'S&bDTi when their power shall sink before Nebuchad- 
nezzar. Tanh.Vayishl.3 (ref. to Prov. XXV, 26) iSBb'aaffla 
'31 when he bends (humiliates himself) before the wicked; 
Gen. E. s. 75 '31 Blab p-mb m"» (Yalk. Gen. 130 BiBib) 
it is impossible to the righteous to bend &c. ; a. e. 
Nif. 131533 to be Shaken, bent. Yalk. 1. c, v. supra. 

• Hif. B^an to bend, to shake. Zab. Ill, 3 nbl3-> n3"«U bs 
disa liiani (not bis na) (Asheri B">bnb, v. Bib) a ship 
which has no staggering effect on man. Gen. E. 1. c. cnaa 
'31 lass humbles himself. 

Hithpol. aaiann, Nithpol. aaiaro to be declining; to 
sink. Y. Snh. X, 27 d bot.; Talk. Is.' 338 (ref. to Is. LIV, 
io) '3i hBBiahsffl...rraaiB max mat Tvsn t=x when thou 
seest the merit of the fathers decline and that of the 
mothers sink, go and cling to grace ; Lev. B. s. 36, end 
naaarott).- Y.l.c. 28 b 'pbini ^aaiana l^ni theysank deeper 
and' deeper (into poverty). B. Mets. 71 a "pBBiana ■ 11&35 
(Ms. M. 'pBSana) his wealth will be reduced; Yalk. Ps. 

'665 aaiana he will sink. B. Mets. 1. c. '31 'ana lbbn (Ms. 
E. 2 ■paal'a, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. notes 2—4) these sink and 
rise again &c. ; Yalk. 1. c. 

121D ch. same. Targ. Lev. XXV, 35. Targ. T. Deut. 
XXXII, 35; a. fr. 

Af. BT0X to balance, weigh. Pesik. B'shall., p. 82 a 

*,l!"ib aafti«' (BTaPiKJ) FaTas"! isWaasa with the balances 
with which they weighed, weighing was done to them; 

Ithpe. aiansio be weired, v. supra (v.Bub.a.l.note42). 

Ithpol. aaianx to sink, waver, be reduced. Targ. Ps. 
XCIV, 18; a. fr.— B. Mets. 71 a ^BBianal i&rm' xViMs. E. 
(v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 4) who lend not on interest and 
yet become poor. 

12112 m. (b. h.; preced.) balancing pole, staff. Bets, 
in, 3 (25 a ) naiaa 'as . . . Kb (Y. ed. naas, v. Babb. D. S. 
a. 1. note 4) he must not bring it to town on a staff or 
on a barrow. Sot. 34 a (ref. to Num. XIII,23) IBM© Sattiaa 
'31 'as it being said 'on a staff', do I not know that it was 
carried by two persons?— Pi niaia. Ib., v. iTO'ila. Tosef. 
Ohol.VII, 1, v. 1\S-ii; a. e. 

IUffiQ m. (aa;) 1) (it is) good, better. Tanh. B'har 1 
'a 13 "ilfi if he amends, it is good. Bets. 30 a , a. fr, 1WIB 'a 
'31 biKI . . . it is better that they fail unwittingly than &c. 
Snh. 7 a (in Chald. diction) '31 liassibl 'a it is better that 
they worship the golden calf (than commit murder). 
Ber. 28 a '31 DlpKI 'a it is best that I get up and go to 



them myself; a. fr.— 2) the better, the right conduct. Lam. 
B. introd. (B. Abba 2) 'ab puna mn .. . Ttttan.the light 
in it (the Law) would have led them back to the right 
way. Snh. 101 b ; a. fr. 

HiaiD, TiUG f. (b. h.; v. aia) 1) a small barrow. 
Bets. Ill, 3 (25 a ), v. aia.— 2) pi. niaia bands of a yoke; 
yoke. Tanh. B'shall. 23 '31 niSSlal 'a Wi the yokes and 
the chariots ran (of themselves) &o. — *3) balances. Pesik. 
B'shall., p. 82 a -,inb Biart* TiBia&tl rtBBS Ar. with the bal- 
ance with which they weighed, weighing was done to 
them; [Ar.: as they made others sink, so were they made 
to sink (v. Bla); oth. opin.: 'si nsa3 with the staff with 
which they struck, were they struck]. 

niSfiD f. (b. h. S-raa; i-rcsi) [bend,] the radial bone of 
a bird's wing. Tanh. Thazr. 8 ; ed. Bub. 10 (ref. to Is. 
VIII, 8) 'si Tin 'art the radial bone of a chicken is one 
sixtieth portion of its wings; [Bashi to Is. 1. c. quotes 
m&m, pi.]; Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXIX, beg.; Talk. Is. 279. 

n HlD reclining, v. nB5. 

Alalia, Gen. B. s. 44 some ed., v. isba. 

1 :[Tffi2 m. pi. (TIB) business (1), an adaptation of 
the name of a Persian festive season and fair. Ab.Zar.ll b 
(Ms. M. i-lTBla; T. ib. I, 39 c , a Median festival, 1T©13; 
Ar. iTl&a). 

^"HEID, read: pnaia. 

"'ID, "^"M m. pl- = r^ a > wa'fi* - - Targ. Ps. I, 3; a. fr.— 
Targ. II Esth. Ill, 3 nia (ed. Lag. inia «'fe waters); Targ. 
Is. LVIII, 11; Targ. Jer. XV, 18; a. fr.— ttnia her (its) 
waters. Ib. L, 38; a. e,— Targ. Is. XIX, 10 stria (Var. ed. 
Lag. Sti-ia) read Kna=Stnia— Y. Erub. X, 26 c nia pi 8tVj 
that he add no water to it. Y. Pes. Ill, beg. 29 d ; a. e. 

tnD (b. h.) to &e crushed; to be low, sink; to be poor. 
Tanh. B'har 3 H13153 TjalB bs because he sank into sins. 
— V. t]a. 

Ifi/fipan 1) same. Mekh. B'shall., Amal., s. 1 ttiniBS 
'bl ,Tp»nb btt-iffli plins VTi ^iaa when he (Moses) let 
his hands sink, (it intimated) that Israel is destined to 
sink in the knowledge of the words of the Law to 
be given through his hands ; Tanh. B'shall. 27. — 2) to 
lower, let sink. Ib., v. supra. — Sifre Num. 90 h"3pn 'jits 
'si STOSa iTfflal "paa here the Lord lowers (his anger) 
and Moses raises (is more angry), but when the golden 
calf was made, the Lord raised, and Moses lowered (tried 
to soften his anger); Yalk. Num. 735 TpJtaa (fr. Tjita). 

Nif., part. Tpas; f. nsias; pi. nisia? low. Kil. IV, 7 Ha '5 
QifiSB lower than ten handbreadths. Buth B. to III, 3 
T»31D '53 in the lowest part of the city. Y. Maas. Sh.V, 
end, 56 d ; Y. Sot. IX, 24 a hot. '3 blp in a low voice, opp. 
MISS. Ber. 10 b . Sifre Num. 58. Ib. 83, v. T]a5. Ab. V, 19 
'3 rill a lowly spirit, v. WtaS.— Cant. B. to Iv/4 '5,1 bilhrt 
the lower mountains; a. fr. 

ae, 1) to decline, sink. Targ. Y. II Ex. XII, 

?pach. t 

42. Targ. Hab. Ill, 6 ; a. e. (v. 15a).— -2) to become soft. 
Snh. 95 a 'SI X3>1!K nib KSa the ground under him became 
soft. — 3) (denom. of T|1a) to lay under, make a bed. Targ. Ps. 
CXXXIX, 8.— Pes. 49 a 5>31 tja 13 one who lays under 
(his cloak) and lies down (at any place, a shiftless person). 
Taan. 6 b ; Ber. 59 a (prov.) 1551 "pptfi Tp'a ... 133 rwsa TJ 
if it rains when the doors are opened (in the morning), 
lay down thy bag, ass-driver, and sleep (do not export, 
for provisions will be cheap) ; a. e.— Part, tpsta, Tpa. B. 
Mets. 84 b 'SI nib 1511a Tin (Bashi: papa; Var. iniia.v. 
Babb. T>. S. a. 1. note 1) they spread for him sixty mat- 
tresses". Taan. 21 b hot. "pita Ar. (ed. "ja), v. Np^WpS.— 
V. 83a. 

AfTfm, TjiBSt 1) to lower. Targ. Ps. OXIII, 6 ?paa 
Ms. (ed. Tpaa, Tpaa; h. text ibiBWan). — 2) to make soft, 
crush. Ib. XLIV, 20 (h. text nirt).— 3) to lay under, make 
a bed. Targ. Job XLI, 22 (h. text 1S1). 

T\~\T2 m. (preced. 2) a soft, spongy substance, hackled 
wool, rag; lint &c. Sabb. VI, 5 nnstSIB 'a wool in her ear 
(to resorb running pus) ; nVlSOSffl 'a in her shoes (to soften 
them), Ib. 134 b 'si 12531 'a a dry compress or dry sponge. 
Tosef. Nidd.II, 6 'a3 rfflDattJa insert a resorbent (to prevent 
conception); a. fr. — PI. psia. B. Kam. X, 10 &3isn!l) 'a 
'si the lumps (of threads) which the washer takes out 
(of the trough). Tosef. ib. XI, 12; 13. Neg. XI, 12; a. fr. 
— [msia, paa, v. nss.] 

tTDIQ m. (hsi) evidence, v. ITOW. 

'pTO'm, v. pr*a. 


'•DID f. ([J.7))(avr|) machine for lifting weights, xoheel- 
ivork. Yoma III, 10 llisb 'a niDS made a machine for 
sinking the wash-basin (v. TTO) into the well ; Tarn. Ill, 8. 
Kel. XVIII, 2 (ed. Dehr. i?Sa). Tosef. Par. 111(11), 9 1351a. 
Hull. 15 fa 'a3 aniBi if one slaughters by means of a ma- 
chine ; a. e. 

"HJDIQ ch. (pi. form) same, rollers, Targ. II Esth. 
I, 2.— v. visas?. 

DDD'IQ m. (033) storage. Tosef. Ab. Zar. VIII (IX), 1 
'ab nW» l^it these (vessels) are made for storage ; (Ab. 
Zar. 74 b Dllpb 1&i5Sa Ms. M.). 

&DlQ m. (denom. of &sa) revenue farmer, publican, 
custom-collector (considered a robber in Jewish law). B. 
Kam. 113 a n32ip lb pfctttJ 'a a publican who is not limited 
by. legal stipulations; libjta lawn 'a a self-constituted 
collector. Ab. Zar. 39 a ; Bekh. 30 b hot. 'a illBp the pub- 
lican's knots (seals or written receipts); a. e — PL pbsia. 
B. Kam. X, 2 'SI 'a lbB5 if publicans took away his ass 
and gave him one taken from somebody else. Ib. 1 ; Tosef. 
ib. X, 22 'a rain the treasury of the publicans. Ned. Ill, 

4 ; Tosef. ib. H, 2, v. TM. Sabb. VIII, 2 'a "ifflp Ti3 

paper large enough to write. on it a tax-receipt (v. supra). 
Shebu. 39 a 'a nblS . . . -|b pjt there is no family in which 
there is a publican, whose members may not all be con- 
sidered as publicans (in Jewish law) ; a. fr. 

toiD, absiD, mjq ch. same, y. snh. vi, 23 - 

Y, Hag. H, 77 dT bot. 'a ',1321 rT>Ta the son of Mayan the 
publican; Snh. 44 b 'a XTO, v. ffjsa.— Y. Sabb. VI, end, 
8 d [read:] TV*? Witt SOan'rrt anVlriDSai a^lp he came 
near (was caught by) a publican, and he" gave him his ass 
and was let off, v. »blfU.—Pl. pBaia, Targ. Jud. V, 11 
(ed. Lag. ptoa).— [p631a, Ab. Zar. 14 a Ms. M., v. next w.] 

D^pDDiD, p&^iQ m. pi. a species of figs. Bekh. 
8 a (inferior to nilU mn). Ab. Zar. 14 a (Ms. M. p03ia; 

Ar. p&aaa). 

J ID, ^l/D I m, (b. h. ; Assyr. mala, prob. a comp. of 
a a. bs<, v. Del. Proleg. p. 132) 1) border, front, in sight of. 
Hull. 19 b (expl. ISIS biaa, Lev. V, 8, border of the neck, 
the space beginning with the back of the head, opposite 
the face, and ending with the end of the neck, opposite 
the throat) SpViSri riN rottTft 'a the edge which sees the 
'oref (but not the 'oref itself). lb. iiTT 'a . . . CplS rVSl 
N3">ft if you will say, we know not where 'oref itself is, 
how can we know where its border is? — Sifre Num. 59 
ErtB 'a Tfo Tim (Ms. 3, a. Talk. ib. 719 ft-BBI 'a) give the 
candlestick an edge of the front (an edge and a front), i. e. 
a prominent central light towards which the lights on 
both sides are turned. Ib. 60 &13& 'a Tib TWS. 

"H2 II (b. h. ; v. preced.) 1) to make an edge, to hem 
or fringe. Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. V, 7 bia^BJ. rtSttJ IS until 
he hems the girdle. Ib. nriK mia Val when he made a 
hem on one side (of the piece which he cut out of the 
middle of a pieceof cloth).-2)fo circumcise. Sabb.XIX,4 
'31 inx blTob ^(IX one child which was to be circumcised 
after the Sabbath &e; '31 ial rttfiJl and by mistake he 
circumcised &c. Ib. 6 '31 STS &>1 *>a if he circumcised but 

failed to split the prepuce &c. Ib. 5 (137 a ) p!S "jap 

pVia Ms. M. (ed. p^JTia) a sick infant must not be. cir- 
cumcised. Pesik. R. s. 25 '31 Tattrt> ba ia who circumcised 
a son in honor of my name, unless I gave him a son?; 
Lev.R. s. 27 fta (corr. ace); a. fr. — Part. pass. l=1a, _pZ. 
b^sia, plsla. Talk. Jer. 285. 

Jfif. Mb*0, Mh? fo 6e circumcised. Sabb. XIX, 5. Lev. 
B. s. 25; Gen. R. s.46 Vi&] pifial on what part of the body 
should one be circumcised?— Y.Shebi. IV, end, 35 c iVia^ffia 
from the time they are circumcised. Gen.B.l.c. XSYIfl Til 
■fclailB the physician ordered that they must be circum- 
cised; a. fr.— [Polel S>Via, v. bba.] 

yD ch., Ithpol. ttfanj* (v. tta) fo ftecome Wtffe, /We. 
Targ. Job XIV, 2. Ib. XXIV, 24 Ms. (ed. 'SBprV). Targ. 
Ps. X0,6;a. e. 

N51H I, &OlO m.(&6a; cmp.b.h.i6a)jpZe»%,;p0Mjej\ 
Targ. Prov. VI, 31 Ms. (v. Bxt. s. v. Via; ed. StVra). Targ. 
Job XII, 6 first vers. '31 'a *« pall ed. Lag. (some ed. 
itbla^K corr. ace; in oth. ed.'our w. is omitted). 

fct^D II m. (mulus) wwte. Pesik. Shub., p. 16 2 a (ref. 
to dTMBTO, II Ohr. XXXIII, 11) iwn bw 'a pa3 Ar. (ed. 
"tela) a sort of mule of bronze; Y. Snh. X, 28 c bot. «Wj; 

Deut. E. s. 2'lVta; Buth B. to II, 14 Si Via; Yalk. Kings 
246 xVia.— P/. nix^a, Sabb. 52 a (Ar. mase.).— Oh. v. sri^a. 

, n J*blD,v.T*!»a.. 

JTjbin (n^bm, i&pbio, TObin), Lev. b. 

s. 12, read: Stasia. 

Dbra,T.ia ? w. 

\T\l2 m. (cmp. b.h.rnVja; nV>) issue, descendant — 
PI. dilVia, with suffix, emphatic form VniVia. Keth. 72 b , 
v. iVr.' T " 

121Q m. fiV;) birth-time. Sot. ll b llrp^Ma "jat their 
time of giving birth ; Ex. K. s. 1 'pTHiVia (corr. ace).— 
TVffb iMa (or only 'a) the beginning of the first quarter 
of the moon, New-Moon. Pesik. E. s. 15 '31 Ten Ttt2?Tt 'a 
the New-Moon took place on a Wednesday at noon-time. 
— *2) travail. B. Bath I6 b snbiaa ■ nsnna (not aonna) 
she is relieved of her severe throes (differ, vers, in Ms. 
M., v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note). 

&n TID ch. same. Targ. I Chr. XII, 32 ; Targ. Y. I Gen. 

1, 14 KTrPS lWa=h. nsato 'a, v. preced. 

&n<n/D f.=h. P^Wj, midwife. Ab. Zar. 26 s KWIIrTi 'a 
thou, midwife of Jewesses &c. 

rni^n, v. w$n- 

"^"ID muie, v. sisia II. 

^-Pl/D, #Z. d^a m- (v. K^a) mule-drivers. Y. Yoma I, 
38°; Y. Meg. IV, end, 75 c , v!rv$>1T\ H. 

fc^-^D f. (iVa) jfflei up ground, mound. B. Bath. 54 a 
'31 M^ffll 'a pplB if one takes earth from the mound and 
throws it on the low ground ; '»a 'a if one throws from 
mound on mound (to make them even); M. Kat. 10 b . — 
PI. tav/^n- Eral:) - 5eb ! v - * i *ty% — V- xn^a.— [For pr. n. 
pi. with Vffyva or Ktlite, Nnia, v. respective determinants.] 

"IX^b'lD, l^yiU m. (miliarium, (/.diapiov) a large 
vessel to' boil water in, caldron. Sabb. Ill, 4 t)1TSn 'a a 
miliarium from under which the coals have been remov- 
ed; Y. ib. Ill, 6 a bot. 

T71Q, v . "fcia.— Ex. B. s. l inrrVia, v. 1^1'a. 

i<TbiD m. p\y parent.— PI. p^Wa. 
trod.; Yalk. Sam. 134, v. ~?113X 

1 "!3lU m.(mulio) muleteer, a figure in aBoman play; 
cmp. p'ipia. Tosef. Ab. Zar. II, 6; Yalk. Ps. 613.— [Y. Ber. 

viii, i2 b , v. xrfcra.] 

^^12 m. pi. Cia) filling. Y.Bets. II, 61 c top; Y.Maas. 
Sh. v.' 56 c top ; Y. Hag. II, 78 a bot., v. Nininto. [Hiddushe 
Me'iri to Bets. 20 a quotes : isba KiSa 8M1HB3 a joist (to 
be felled) requires the (wooden) handle (of an axe), i. e. 
the teacher is beaten by his own pupil.] 


»E3»^n, v. Tgma. 


: StfrV^blQ t (tos) stuffing, stuffed meat. Pes. 74 a ixn 
'a (Ms. Mi 2 SWtoo, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 50) a roasted 
lamb stuffed with raw and unsalted meat; ib. b . 

NP^D, pi. of Ktora a. of xitoia. 

»n , ib ! in, , »C3^ ! in,T.w3V»- 

sf-^iD m. (b. h. 7j5?») Molekh, the fire-god of the Cana- 
anite's and others. Snh. VII, 7 '31 'a*) ll&aiffi IS . . . 'ab 
he who dedicates a child to M., is not punishable until 
he surrenders it to M. and passes it through fire. lb. 
64 a 'a isnpl B"13S linp the Mishnah speaks first of idol- 
atry (in general) and then of M.; "SCri b"13S 1&6 'a (sub. 
filias) the Molekh worship is not included in general 
idolatry. Tosef. ib. X, 5 '31 IhSI 'a 1hS whether he pas- 
ses his son through fire for M. or for any other idol, he 
is equally punishable ; Snh. 1. c. Ib. to 'a .... Ma *0&a 
'31 arrts lSTntoal-nB why does the Torah use the expression 
Molekh (when meaning any idol)? Whatever people make 
their ruler (tjba) ; Y. ib. VII, 25 c top. Bab. ib. 1. c. ISIS 'a 
an improvised object of worship (a stone, piece of wood 
&c); a. fr. 

&O07H3 hi. f^ba) counsel. Targ. Y. I Num. XXI, 29. 
V. twKa. 


iJtrfrlD f. (v. xbla II) mule. Targ. II Chr. XXXIII, 13. 
— Ib. 11 rtttoia (pi. constr., used as sing.).— Targ. Y. Ex. 
XIV, 7-Ktvtoia team of mules.— PL KrV^bia, K^tta. Targ. 
Y. II, ib/25 (ed. Amst. 'tola, v. supra';' ib. Xntoa, corr. 
ace.).— "ptoia, NfJIlbla. Y. Ber. VIII, 12 b ed. Lehm. (ed. 
•jltola, corr. acc.)I Y. Taan. Ill, 66 c top. 

DID m. (b. h. ; =biaa ; v. na, aa ; cmp. btos) 1) some- 
thing, anything, Ned. 66 b , v. hSn.— Y. Kidd.III, 64 c bot. 
It -ma Itaa ina what is mamzer ("flaa)? Something re- 
pulsive; Yeb. 76 b It 'a aVO llaa the Law says mamzer 
which means anything repulsive (male or female); Sifre 
Deut. 248 mala 81SHD ba (corr. ace.) whatever is in any 
way repulsive.— 2) blemish. Bekh. V, 5, a. fr. 'a bsa hav- 
ing a blemish (unfit for the altar, for priestly service &c). 
Ib. VI, 9, a. fr. 'a Mt "m this is a legal blemish; 'a n:m 
this is not &c.— Meg. 29 a , v. W. B. Mets. 59 b '31 -pttJ 'a 
do not reproach thy neighbor with a fault which is also 
thine own; a. fr.— PI. pala. Bekh. VI, 1 '31 'a to* bs these 
are the blemishes in consequence of which a first-born 
animal may be slaughtered (after the destruction of the 
Temple). Ib. 2 pba 'a p!* a blemish in the white of the 

eye is no blemish in the sense of the law. Ib. VII, 1 'a 
'31 'jto&IS .... ibx the above named blemishes, whether 
permanent or transitory, make also human beings unfit 
(for priesthood &c); a. fr. — Denom. bain to become blem- 
ished, defective. Y.Shek. IV,48 b laaini 'paian 'pl&ffl they 
had redeemed them when they were without blemish, 
and they became blemished. Num. E. s. 12, end; Cant. 
B. to VI, 4 '31 laain xbl and they have not become unfit 
for sacrifices on account of blemishes or old age &c, v. 
dill.— Y. YomaII,39 d ftoaWl M31B hllBp frankincense 
which was extinguished is unfit for the altar. 

DID, iXCflQ ch. same. Targ. Job XI, 15. Targ. Lev. 
XXI, 17 ; a. fr.— Bekh. 35 a 'a fih is a blemish in the sense 
of the law. Gitt. 56 a '31 'a ilrt pistol which according to 
our (Jewish) laws is a blemish (unfitting for the altar), 
but is not so according to their (B,oman) ritual; a. fr.— 
PI. pala, TQiia. Snh. 5 b , v. 3>*>pail. Bekh. 36 b ; a. fr. 

D iDID m. ((i/tu.os) mimic actor, mime. Lam. B. to 
in, 13 '31 'an ns btsiiaa (Ar. aianoa, read biaia) they 
bring a mime on the stage, his head shaved &c; ib. in- 
trod. (B. Abbahu 6) DTVDrr (corr. ace.).— PL 'p&ala. Gen. 
B, s. 80, beg.— Cant. R. to VII,9 OlaTa KTfin (read: ybiaTa) 
tiftaye (Dan. IH, 2) means the actors. 


-1)12172, y 

^TJUIU, v. next w.— [Sabb. £ 


jlflD^D m. (nna; cmp. xptptov, Lat. tritus) tried, 
skilled, expert, practical. Snh. 5 a ; B. Hash. 25 b biaib 'a 
recognized by the public as an experienced judge, lb. 
'31 'a "|b "pX there can be no expert more popular than 
Moses was. Bekh. IV, 4 (28 b ) V'ab 'a a lawyer approved 
by a court. Ab. Zar. 27 a top 'a S&11 a practical physician 
(that has a reputation at stake). Ib. biaib 'a nTJ as if 
he is a recognized practitioner. Sabb. VI, 2 p IJiXffi S>iap 
'an an amulet which is not issued by an approved person ; 
ib. 53 b 'a Uisia S'vop an unapproved amulet; Tosef. ib. 
IV (V), 10 snala. Sabb. 1. c. tn«b 'a of approved effect 
on human beings. Y. ib. VI, 8 b top 'a nt 3>iap this amulet 
is approved.— -Brub. V, 5 (58 b ) 'an p sbs (Ms. 0. 'a sbx, 
v. Bashi a. 1.) only one of the best of the expert class; 
(oth. opin. v. Bart. a. 1.).— Gen.B.s.30 'al p~m a righteous 
man and at the same time a practical man; a. fr. — PI, 
b^riaia, •pnaw. Snh. in, l (23 a ) 'a (is) d-hiss (Bab. a.Y. 
ed. ^"a ifia''a, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 1) men otherwise 
qualified and (or) authorized by the court; expl. ib. 23 a 
'a3 TDK p-iBft m bS if not disqualified (on account of 
kinship or bad conduct) they are to be considered as if 
they were authorized judges; a.e. — [nnaia, xnala, Sabb. 
58 a , v. irra.] 

■' 1 jQ"IZ3 m. pi. (sa 1 ?) oath; imprecation, curse. Targ. 0* 
Num. V, 21 (Y. iaiaa). Targ. O. Lev. V, 1. Targ. I Kings 
VIII, 31 (not la) ; a.'fr.— B. Mets. 85 a SI naitS 'a I swear, 
* this (my desire) has been abandoned. Lev. B. s. 6 (prov.) 
bl»n "a *rb . . . *VOt ^a right or wrong, do not run the 
risk of an oath. Y.Ned. I, 37 a top, v. nnia; a. e. 


FTp^DlD m. ch. (a corrupt, of p">;sw) necklace, of- 
ficial badge, v. KSijan. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 b top. 

^rPDlE (prob. to be read smoteO, or 'affl) f. (v. 
xmaaS) a mite. Y. Sabb. I, 3 b 8W11 'a head-mite, X^al 

"JWIO, pi. of eta. 

"IQ^KO m. (part. Hof. of 1TO) 1) exchanged, v. 11a.— 
2) converted, apostate, esp. mumar, an open opponent of 
Jewish law, non- conformist. [Our w. interchanges with 
IHlttJa in eds. a. mss.] Hull. 4 b 'a bKlttP "iBX even a non- 
observant Israelite; Tosef. ib. I, 1 laiUia ed. Zuck. (Var. 
'a). Hull. 1. c. nitosb 'a opposed to circumcision; VYtsOi 'a 
151 opposed to this one practice (of slaughtering accord- 
ing to ritual); ib. rtbl3 rtllnrt tob 'a ilfl is considered as 
a rebel against the entire Law; ib. Jt"sb 'a accused of 
idolatry. Ib. 5 a '31 -j&Jal 'art, expl. ib. '31 "]&3b 'a one ac- 
cused of idolatrous libation &c. Erub. 69 a , v. life" 1 *. Ab. 
Zar. 26 b 'ST &i5>snb 'a TOS 1 *^ if eating unslaughtered flesh 
(tvibias) to gratify his appetite, he is called a mumar; if 
he does it in a spirit of defiance, he is called a min (heretic). 
Ib. (oth. opin.) 'a iaS SiSSrtb "'tHA even if in defiance, he 
is only a mumar; Hor. ll a ; a. v. fr.— P/. t=iiala. Talk. 
Lev. 434, quoted fr. Sifra Vayikra, N'dabah, ch. II, s. 2 
(ed. diiaiffla). 

S^~)731D ch. same.— PI: NJIaia. Targ. Y. Lev. I, 2. 

NrOiD (WTta).f.(MB^, v. i 5 ia ; as 'to xnia cmp. 
8MS1 fnSI 1 ;) casta, imprecation, curse. Targ. Job XXXI, 
3o" 'aia ed. Lag. (oth. ed. fcWYlH). Targ. Ps. XXXVII, 22 
rt^naia Ms. (ed. Jttnia). Targ. 0. Num. V, 21 (ed. Amst. 
NSnia). Targ. Ex. XXII, 10; a. fr.— B. Kam. 114 a ias lrta^X 
!t£ TUB 'as 111 they (the gentile courts), too. in the case 
of there being only one witness, administer an oath to 
him (the claimant). Pes. 113 b iSrt IfT^Palal (Ms. M. laial 
yirfi lip incorr. ; Ms. M. 2 "Oil Ta^a -, )a^a isi, v. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1. note) and thus they swear. — [Ned. I, 2 xniaa, 
v. rtrtia.] 

IfilZ (contr. of Tin-ia) ««Ao? Targ. II Esth. VII, 5 'a 15 
(ed. Amst. la) whose son ? 

ltfDi/2 pr. n. m. Mona; v. »5» III. 

Xl£NH pr. n. m. (Mov6pa£o<;) Munbaz, 1) name of a 
King of Adiabene, and of one of his sons who embraced 
the Jewish faith (v. Jos. Ant. XX, 2, 1 sq.; B. J. II, 19, 2). 
Gen. B. s. 46.— Tosef. Peah IV, 18 ; Y. ib. I, 15 b hot.; B. 
Bath. 1 l a . Yoma III, 10 (Ar. ta>a). Men. 32 b J a. e.-2) name 
of a scholar. Tosef. Sabb. VIII (IX), 5; Sabb. 68 b ; Yalk. 
Num. 749. 

Dl'DIMl'D (corr. bijilWa) m. ([xowysvVj?) only child. 
Pesik.R.'s. 10. 


&"DH"D"1D ('alia) m.(\>.ovr>i>.&.ypc,) gladiator. Y'lamd. 

to Gen. XLIX, 1, quot. in Ar. ipTrfwi httJW 'a fi» a gla- 
diator makes no will (has nothing to dispose of; Yalk. 
Gen. 157 1SS; Gen. E., addit., ed. Wil. p. 376, Var. 11&). 

• TIDID, "TOID, Lam. B. to I, 13, prob. to be read: 

Triaia, v. nnaia ; v. ibaa.- 

»' 1 B31D,Qen.B.B.«* 

v. tiba. . 

Niacin, nta^lH f. (moneta) mint; coin, coinage. 
Ex. B. T s.'5. Lam. T B* to I, 1 (l^rt) 'a X1rt Tan look at this 
coin. Esth. B. end '21 'a 1311a -p . . . nsblrt lto) 'a T^an rta 
as the King's coinage passed all over the country, so did 
his (Mordecai's) coinage &c; YpO 'a rtai and what was 
the legend of his coinage? Y. Snh. II, 20 b top . . 'a fwiS 
V"P .... (masc.) our lord Saul's coinage still exists 
(he is yet king; Midr. Sam. ch. XXIII »aaa). Ex. R. s.. 
15 naiip batojl rtbua S3inbit blB 'a the coinage of your 
gods is abolished (the Egyptian gods are defeated), and 
shall your coinage remain (shall you continue to beget)? 
— Gen. B. s. 37 '31 &"D xbl* hJiJt dilsa to} 'a to every 
stamp (names of the descendants) of Mitsrayim is marked 
with Di (the sea in which they were destined to perish)- 
Ludim(as though) Lude-yam &c; Yalk. Chr. 1073; — 
PI. ftMia. Yalk. Gen. 62 [read:] ■pVtoB Ktol-TM* . . .'a to, 
v. VlDB. Gen. B. s. 39; Yalk. Josh. 17 [read:] 'a drtb WiSi 
(not insula) their coins (medals in their memory) were 
issued; a. e.— [113 la 8BTna, Gen. B. s. 44, v. isba.] 


p'^Din, JDm. ([^aviaxif)?,v. X3i:an)wecHace. Deut. 
B. s. 4 [read:] 'a ilrt Taisi rVfflS bx ditos ilrtl 'a iin 
'SI 1Kb dXl am bffl (v. Yalk. Is. 256) here is a necklace 
and here are chains; if thou doest my will, here is a 
golden necklace for thee; if not &c. Pesik. B. s. 29-30. — 
PI. nip^Sia. Ib. (ref. to &ipS5», Prov. I, 9) . . SY'apn nu» 
'31 'a3 (not Hip . .) the Lord made the letters of the Torah 
like necklaces and suspended them &c. 

"O'OID m. pi. (a comp. of iia a. DWli ; Versions vary, 
betw. '151a, 'IJia a. '-15a) fish-brine, small fish in brine; in 
gen. brine. Keth. 60 b '31 'a nbstfl a woman that eats 
monine (during pregnancy) will &c. Snh. 49 a itt"0nxi 'a "iSN 
'SI (Yalk. Kings 172 '31 'a) even brine and (Yalk.; brine 
of) hashed fish he used to taste and give to the poor. 
Sabb. 1 10 b iSapl'a brine of locusts. Ab. Zar. 29 a NmJSnb'a 
(Ms. M. WO) m. is good to eat after fasting. Gitt. 69 b . 


fcOQlQ pr. n. Mysia, a district of Asia Minor. Targ.Y. 
Gen.X,'2 Ar. (for h. text ^1230; ed. S1&1S q. v.); Targ. I Chr. 
I, 5 ed. Bahmer (ed. Lag. Ni&lN); Yoma 10 a ; Y. Meg. I, 
7l b bot. Xiipla. 

^DTD, v. tupa 

: riTbln, v. rti&ia. 

j 3QlQ m. pi. (jxoct^oc, muscus) the animal perfume 

musk. Y. Ber. VI, end, 10 d (Ar. "pftbHo), • v. pttiia. Keth. 
75 a 'p&ttfla Ar. (missing in ed.), v. K"1*0. 

OQlQ'IQ = babiaa, v. daba. - 

^]D1J2 m. (£)!?■;) [addition,] 1). attachment, rim (omp. 
HPiUd!*). Kel.V, 5 TOriM S]bla a chimney-piece; mvn'a 
the rim around a toiler in the ground. lb. 11 Irt: ilB 'a 
a moulding of clay around the stove;. Tosef. ib. B. Kam. 
IV.18. Tosef. Par. XII (XI), 10STVP 'a, v. supra. Ib.Epdlart 
(corr. ace); a. fr.— 2) (sub. rfeSPi, p-ip) Musaf, additional 
offering, additional prayer on Sabbaths and festive (and 
fast-) days. Tosef. Ber. Ill, 10 'a la "pDWJ to a half-festival 
on which there is no Musaf (prayer or offering); ana ^31 
'a 13 and one on which there is a Musaf; Sabb. 24 a d^ai 
'a pip 'jrta ffliffl. Ib. 'a rt">a piVi 'jl'O since there is no 
Musaf appointed for it; a. fr.— PI. (with sing, sense) "pSbla. 
Ib.Ber.IY, 1. Ib. 28 a ; a. fr. 

NDD1Q ch. same, Musaf. Y. YomaVI, 43 d "a'O&a'ft 
when he had finished the Musaf (on a fast day). — PI. 
S'JSWa, fSbta, iSbla. Targ. II Chr. VIII, 13; a. e.— Ab. 
Zar.'l4 b . Ber. 28*;' a, e. 

"IDIQ m. (b. h.; lb 1 ;) discipline, morality, conduct. 
Midr/Prov. to I, 2 'a la? . . . ffii bX if a man has wisdom, 
he can learn good conduct; ib. to I, 7; Yalk. ib. 929 ; a. e. 

"l&lD m., pi. nilbia (b.h.; ib») bands, fetters, re- 
strictions. Yeb. 77 a (ref. to Ps. OXVI, 16; cmp. -fl&^S) liffl 
'31 bprina i*)S lirtffl 'a two restrictions which were against 
me thou hast untied (permitted) (by confining the pro- 
hibition of intermarriage to male Moabites and Ammon- 
ites), v. psia. 

&o&ia oh.= 

oiext w., v. 12a h, 

Hn&ia, JTT&iD f. (preced. art.) reins. B.Mets. 8 b 
'31 'an bl&n tib ailSli (not b^an) he who sits in the wag- 
on has not taken hold of the reins, while he who rides 
holds the reins (and leads the heterogeneous animals, v. 
sn;).— Esp. (sub. in!* or bBn; cmp.lbBN) taking hold of the 
reins as a form of taking possession. Ib. rtiOSaa fisip rtm 'a 
Rashi a. Ms. R. 2 (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 30) taking hold 
of the reins does not give possession to the finder. Ib. 'a 
Hip lTatia getting the reins from a fellowman (the 
owner) means possession. Ib. 'a yw)> ijfca what is the ex- 
pression (the etymology of) moserah ? (Ans w. : from Iba).— 
Kidd. I, 4 quot. in Rashi to B. Mets. 1. c. 'laa tmp} (ed. 
fllibaa) is taken possession of by seizing the reins (or 
chain).B.Kam.IV,9'aa..™pif the ownertied the animal 
(to a fence &c.) by the reins. Par. II, 3 'art hX rt^S bti^p 
if he threw the reins over her back. Y. Kidd. I, 60 a bot. 
'31 *MB 'a lis Iba if he handed him the reins of one of the 
camels; a. fr. 

1"H01Q, Y. Sabb. VIII, 10 b bot. 'a ill!}, read: 'pitoq-; 
v. blVa 

"^SlDI/Q m. pi. (redupl. of pba) olive barrels, con- 
sisting of loosely joined splices lined with pitch. Bets. 33 b . 

191Q m., THENQ f. (IIS) forewarned, esp. (law) Muad 
(v. Ex. XXI, 29), an animal whose owner stands forewarn- 
ed on account of three successive injuries; liable to full 
indemnity, contrad. to bfi. B. Earn. I, 4 'art *YHD an ox 
that has done damage three times. Ib. '31 ^1366 'a yxtin 
the tooth of an animal is considered a mit'ad with ref- 
erence to eating such things as are fit to be eaten by 
it, i. e. damages for eating must be paid in full with- 
out previous forewarning. Ib. '31 iSttft 'a bllrt the foot 
is a muad &c, i. e. what an animal treads upon on 
its way must he paid for in full without forewarning. 
Ib. diisb 'a BrtSn the serpent is always a muad (even 
when tamed). Ib. '31 bVffl pfl dblBa 'a the muad pays 
full damage, collectible from the owner's best property. 
Ib. II, 4 '31 Vrerttt) b3 'a a muad is an animal against 
which three warnings on three days have been given; 
(another opin .) b^aSS . . . lliSrtlU 'a against which three 
warnings have been given (even in one day). Ib. 5 b1St 
b^lS^> 'a damage done by a human being must under all 
circumstances be restored in full. Ib. 17 b 'a rtt i"irt (dl"P!"l) 
damage done by chickens must be restored in full; IS^N 
'a must not &c; a. v. fr.— Trnsf. rtliasV 'a a muad for 
sin, i. e. likely to sin again. Num. R. s. 9 toltfilfflB) fpa 
'3>b 'a rtffiSJ XDTO having sinned three times, he has be- 
come a muad for sin.— PI. biTOa, yHssio. B. Kam. 1, 4; 
Tosef. ib. I, 4 'a rtfflart there are five kinds of mu'ads. B. 
Kam. 16 a ; a. fr. 

7$yi2 m. (b. h.; 15J) 1) appointed time, appointment. 
Pes. I, 3 (10 b ) 'art "pro within the time appointed for the 
removal of leavened matter (up to the sixth hour of the 
day); 'artlrtX after the time (until nightfall), Rashi; (oth. 
interpret., v. infra).— PI. b^Sia. Erub. 54 b STYiri 'a MIDS 
have fixed times for the study of th'e Law, v.-S^ia.— 
2) festive season, festival, esp. = 'art bin, the week-days 
intervening between the first and the last days of Passover 
and ofSuccoth. M. Kat. 1, 1 ; a. fr.-Pes. 1. c. 'art "pro during 
the festive week of Passover; 'art Tl&b after Passover, 
Tosaf.; (oth. interpret., v. supra).— PI. ffHSia, Wftsia. Pes. 
X, 6 b-hi-tN Obm 'a other seasons and festivals'. Sabb. 
145 b bTiaiB baaffl 'a the festivals in Babylonia are joyously 
celebrated; a. fr.— "|Bp'a Mo*ed Katon, (half- festival) 
name of a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, Talmud Babli 
and Y'rushalmi, of the Order of Mo'ed.— 'a lib the Order 
of Mo'ed, name of the second order of the Mishnah, To- 
sefta and Talmud Babli and Y'rushalmi. 

ISjiD, &n?tQ ch. same. Targ. I Sam. I, 3 ; 4.— M. 
Kat. 18 b "»1 Xbin=1S>i£irt Wh, v, preced. Y. Ab.Zar. I, 39 b 
bot. "Sil rP"fl the day or days after a (gentile) festival. — 
PI. T^Sia, Kj'W'ra. Targ. Lev. XXIII, 2. Targ. Hos. II, 13; 

ISHS^IQ f. ch.=rYiSia liable to do damage. Targ. Prov. 
'' xxv, 19 'a &&n (h. text msia, v. B. Kam. 1, 4 ; Ms. arena, 

jr. Sit; cmp. Lam.R. introd., R. Hanina2, v. bSI a.baaaj. 
ETCTD, v. "iSla. 

_nSHD m., STI^ID f. (='aa; i»a) small, minute, sparse. 
'a "at a little; sm'all(spot &c). Tosef. Sot. XV, 12, sq.; Tosef. 
B. Bath. IX, 17 'a "i SiS TiilBa leaves a little portion (of 
the wall) unfinished in remembrance of the destruction 
of Jerusalem; 'a "1 niiiffla leaves off a little portion of 
her toilet. Hag. I, 5 'a rfll rtt if he has little of both. lb. 8 
'a Stlpa yw the Biblical text for these laws is sparse. 
Gitt. 14 a 'a rana a small gift. Sifra Tsav, ch. XV, Par. 11 
'a flSiaa the putting on of hands which is rarer (than 
waving, being confined only to live sacrifices); 'a n&15!n 
waving which is rarer (being performed by one person 
only, while putting hands on is done by all sharers in 
the sacrifice) ; a. fr. — PI. biDSia, pBSW ; MlBi'la. Hag. 1. e. 
'a dibiil Diana trtilK many eaters (members of the 
household partaking of the peace-offering) and small 
wealth. lb. 'a fnins less burnt-offerings (than peace-of- 
ferings), lb. ] l a 'a riteiril . . . Xlpa the Rabbinical laws 
sparse in comparison to the profuse Bible text on the 
subject. Arakh. 30 b 'a t)i5U5 . . . . ItS^ ">S1 are there longer 
and shorter years?;— Esp. tiS'a, DSWa the smaller 
thing, the lesser sphere. B. Hash. 4 b , a. fr. raiia n&SH 
fiOBrVa n&&n no&n &6 if you take hold of the larger thing, 
you may lose your hold, if of the smaller, you will hold 
it, i. e. where the interpretation is doubtful, select the 
smaller number; Y. Yoma II, end, 40 a 'aain. Sifra Vayikva, 
N'dab., ch. XIII, Par. XII 'aail the least portion thereof. 
Y. Keth. Ill, 27 d bot . 'aa k ,t3pn MBIs. the disgrace of a minor 
is the less grave thing; ib. 'aa IpMland the indemnity he 
gets, is smaller ; a. fr. 

b"$lD, v. te\— [Men. u b .Vttia »pn, v. tea.] 
. P^SIQ, Y. Ab.Zar. I, 40 a , v. ppiia. 

ffOS*iQ ra.(ib&)l)concealed,hidden;miraculous. Hag. 
13 a (quot. fr. Ben Sira) 'SI "pa 'as search not into that 
which is concealed, from thee (mysteries of theosophy); 
Gen. B. s. 8 (v. ris^l?). Midr. Till, to Ps. Ill; a. e,— PL 
D^BIa, "pxtew. 'Snh. 16 b (play on Tite) }1T>WQ 'atti 
for their proceedings are wonderful; Ber.4 a d!"P'"i3."Q 'attJ. 
— Trnsf. (in the phrase fflixb "pad 'a, arisen from m 
t&Bi is,. Lev. XXVII, 2) a child whose power of dis- 
crimination is uncertain. Tern. 2 b arxV -pa&rt 'a mSlV 
ish (Lev. 1. c.) is used in connection with vows CpSIS) in 
order to include 'a doubtful person next to a man', i. e. 
a boy near the age of religious majority; Num. B. s. 10; 
Naz. 62 a ; a. e— Ib. 29 b psT! Wi6 "pad 'a the rule that 
the vow of a boy of twelve years of age is valid is merely 
a rabbinical enactment. — 2) distinguished, esp. mufla, a 
special expert assessor at court to whom questions of law 
are referred, instructing judge. Hor.'I, 4 (if a court gave 
a. wrong decision) dlB *1"3. !sB5 'a rt^fl Jtb in the absence of 
the mufla. Ib. 4 b 'si ffiDS ia3 . . . 'a Wft xb so also, if the 
mufla was absent, they cannot be made responsible for 
their decision, because they ought to have informed them- 
selves and did not do so (therefore their judgment was 
not a legal act at all). Y. Snh. 1, 19 c top -ph® 'ai fclrt 'PiTi 
'SI he (the questioner) and the mufla of the court (to whom 
the question had been referred) went to &c. ; To"sef. ib 
VII, 1 ; Tosef. Hag. II, 9 Stela ed. Zuck. (Var. fc6aia). Sifre 

Deut. 152 (ref. to !*te\ Deut. xvii, 8) ainsn 'aStt) laia 
"OTo this intimates that the text speaks of the mufla; 
Snh. 87 a top (Bashi: = firiala). Cant. B. to ni, 7; Num. 
B. s. 11 (ref. to &11D, II Kings XXV, 19) 'si *1"5 *>1B 'a rtt 
the saris means the mufla of the court, who is called 
saris (mediator) &c, v. tra II.— PL pJ&Sla. Hor. 7 a Ms. 
M. a. Bashi (ed. p^SHa). Midr. Till, to Ps'.l.c. 1"3 ijsfc&ra. 


v. S^S. [Tosef. Hag. II, 9, v. preced.] 

nSlQ m. (n&i, cmp. in&;) confirmation, evidence; mir- 
acle. Sifre Deut. 83 'piO 'a . . . b^alDS MIS oth (sign) refers 
to a phenomenon in the heavens, .... mofeth to one on 
earth. Snh. 93 a 'a hTb rllBSStt} ditBSSt men in whose be- 
half a miracle was effected. Y. ib. XI, end, 30 c ; a. fr.— 
Hall. 103 b "illri 'a thou prodigy of the generation ! —PI. 
Qiri&ia, filSia. Tanh. Sh'moth 23. 

T&iD, IfttfD ch. same. Targ. 0. Deut. XIII, 2; a. 
e— PL -(inaia^snBia. Ib.Deut. VI, 22. Targ. O. Ex. IV, 

f ^12 (cmp. yaa) to suck.— Part. 1>"*a. Sabb. 134 a "Wi 
'a Kte XpIJi an infant that does not suck. Ib. 133 b SialX 
'a tfte a surgeon (circumciser) that fails to suck the blood 
out of the wound.— Ab. Zar. 32 a 'SI Ifii %£"^a1 and they 
(the earthen vessels) resorb the wine (Ms. M. I2a1 IS 
'si, v. 12a). 

yiD,- imper. of pSa. 

flD m. (bih.; fXn) [sucked out, dry,] chaff. Midr. Till, 
to Ps. I, 4 'SI ilSpSStB 'as laxn ON you might think 'lik«. 
the chaff' in the valley in which there is yet some moisture 
&c. Gen. B. s. 83, end 'si 'am Bpril phh the straw, the 
stubble and the chaff were disputing with one another. 
Midr. Till, to Ps. II ; a. e.-[Tosef. Ter. Ill, 1 7 'an fa ed. Zuck. 
from the grain before it is threshed; v., however, Stai'lS.] 

fiD, &^1Z2 I ch. same. Targ. Is. XXIX, 5 (ed. Lag. 
ya). Targ. Hos. XIII, 3; a. fr.— [Targ. Ps. LXIX, 21 SCSla, 
some ed., read: Wha, v. S^a II.]— Y. Snh. X, 27 d bot. fl&. 
'SI miaai 'a the chaff which remains there (after the 
straw is removed) undermines the walls. 

fc^"K2 II Motsa, near Jerusalem (also named 
Colonia). Succ. IV, 5. . Y. ib. 54 b bot. ? 'si tfiiSaa 'a lha 
what is Motsa? Mamtsia . . named Colonia; Bab. ib. 45 a 
'=1 'a rV* "*1p . . . «iJ>p blpa the place was named Co- 
Ionia, but why does our Tanna call it Motsa? (Ans w. : as if 
SWSia) 'SI pB^al "*T*& because its inhabitants are exempt 
from royal taxes, he calls it M. (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Colonia). 

#T\T2 III m., pi. constr. \H;ria(b. h.; «SJ) exit; 'a 
nSB5(abbrev. tt5"ia, ffl"2la) thenight following the Sabbath; 
a"1i 'a the night following a Holy Day. Tosef. Sahb. Ill, 
5; Hull. 15 a , a. e. B"1aa te»i (or tt)"lab) may be eaten 
after the Sabbath is past. Bets. 30 b ; Sabb. 45 a B'T' 'a IS 
'=1 ini-lKM not before the end of the last day of the (Suc- 
coth) festival; a. — rTWaffl 'a the period beginning 
with the end of the Sabbatical year. Shebi. IV, 2. B. 
Hash. 9 a ; a. fr. 


DTOPffl, v. arisa. 

WfflD, Cant. B. to IV, 1, read: KSTSMa, v. Kiabs. 

"iSfflQ m. (1SX) swa«, lesser.— PL y^SSSa. Sabb. 10 b 
'a him'STS .... "pria because its (Zoar's) settlement was 
more recent, its sins -were less (Yalk. Gen. 84 "pBSia). 

p^D (cmp. ?pa a. ppa) fo 5e crushed, stamped upon; 
to be soft; v. next w. 

Pa. pija, p*a (cmp. Its I; b.h.IK/\) fo talk contempt- 
uously, sneer, mock. Targ. Prov. SIX, 28 (Ms. corruptly 
pi-iaa, for p^aa). lb. Ill, n p-nan (read: p^an). 

Af.'p-m same. lb. IX, 12 (some ed. Tpaa, v.'tpa).— 
Targ. Is.XXXYII, 22 Kpiaa ediLag. (oth. ed.'iSa); Targ. 
II Kings XIX, 21 "raa Bxt. (ed. Lag. 'isa). 

p"!Q m. (preced.) [as so/i hackled substance (cmp.^ia),] 
felt-sock or stocking. Tosef. Yeb. XII, 10 (Ms. Erf. -pa, 
marginal correction pla); Yeb. 102 b bot. 

^012 ch. same, pi. ipia. Targ. Esth. VIII, 15, v. 
T'S'WiB.— Yeb. 102 b top 'a lilt tffflan (Ar. ipa-13 W, corr. 
ace.) five pairs of socks. Gitt. 68 b VHXp 'a3 he (Solomon) 
comes to us with socks on his feet; Midr. Till, to Ps. 
LXXVIII,45— [Snh. 95 a rtipla Ar., read: fiTTO orirnptoj 
v, !*-jpia II.] 

nplQ m. (b. h.; Ip?) fire-place, hearth where fire is 
maintained— "tin ma the room (in the Temple) in which 
fire is perpetually maintained. Tam. I, 1; Midd. I, 1; a. 
fr. — Sabb. I, 11 (19 b ) 'a ma mvtta the pile in the fire- 
room (in the Temple or in private houses). 

IplQ, &npiaich.same. Targ. I Ohr. II, 54.— Snh. 
33 b '31 yip C&j Tipi tibials (not 11p">; v. Eabb. D. S. 
a.l. note; Bashi: 'til IS) while thy fire is burning, (go) 
cut, thy gourd and roast it, i. e. when listening to your 
teacher give him your full attention, and you need ask 
no questions.— iYTOBI 'a (ma, Ta) the hot spring of Ti- 
berias. Esth. E. to I, 9 'BT 'al iia the waters of the hot 
spring &c; yalk. Gen. 133 'a 131-^33; Gen. E. s. 79 ia 
'a m31 i)3 the baths of &c; Pesik. B'shall. p. 89 b 'prl 
lipa (corr. ace.). 

S^nplD II m. (=h.l'p*ita)top, crown of the head (differ. 
fr. anpfa): Targ. Job II, V (ed. Lag. "lpla, Var. "Tpla). 
Targ.'Y. Deut. XXVIII, 35. [lb. 28 read: Klpia.] Targ.Ps. 
VII, 17 (ed. Lag. 1, Var. 1); 

"li^plD, "ll^pQ m. (Max£8(!)v) Macedonian. Targ. 
I Chr. I, 7 (h. text yp, v. SOWpia).— Esp. 'a bllli&i'ss 
Alexander the Macedonian (Alex, the Great), v. bi-piD3|K. 
[Mekh.Yithro,Bahod. s.9'a, read with ed.Weiss rPSPSi or 
nrw=Eome.]— PI. T^pla, 'pa. Targ. Esth. VIII, 15 'a 
xatTTi Macedonian gilt shoes. 

"'M'ftp'IQ same. Targ. Esth. VIII, 15S3SW. . ,sWi 
'a the great Macedonian gold crown; Targ. IIEsth. VI, 10 

smipia . . . sM>3. 

X^i^p^, 'pD (Maxs8(ov{a) Macedonia, esp. the 
Greek empire founded by Alexander the Great and his 
successors. Targ. Y. Gen. X, 2; Targ. I Chr. I, 5 (h. text 
yn); Gen. B. s. 37, beg.; Yoma 10 a [read:] fn ISafflaSpa 
'ait; v.WDTaix. 


" , pl'2 = D''p'iav.d!ip. 

^TplQ m. (Maccus, adapted to T^p-IS) Maccus or 
Macchus, a buffoon in Boman farces. Ab. Zar. 18 b , a, 


I^DplQ f. (wp) 1) stand ; with suffix -napia. Targ. 
II Chr! XXXV, 15 'a"*1K i>9 ed. Lag. (ed. Beck 'a *>9;. h. 
text laSa). *2)jpfeee of combats, arena. Ex. B. s. 30 DTJH} 
'31 'abflliaj (some ed. a. Matt. K. Kapa) two entered the 
arena (for a combat), one a professional, the other a 
private (amateur). — V. Sip ch. ■ 

fcOHplD m. (preced.) standing by, attendance. Targ. 
II Chr. IX, 4 ; v. Spa. 

"HQplD, v. »apia a . sapa. 
ft " 

l^Dp^D m. pi. (iDp; cmp. ril&p a. Sia) a sort of state 
garments. Gen. B. s. 36; Cant. B. to VII* 9; Esth. B. to 
1, 12 (expl. -V310, Dan. Ill, 21) yimbpWB; cmp. JSrtViS,. 

^pIQ, v. E)pi I a. II. 

{ISpTO m. (Part. Hof. of !nSp T ) [cut of , set aside, stored 
away,} \)a space back of the dwelling, containing stored 
up wood, cattle in sheds &c. Erub. II, 3; ib. 22 a . lb. 
X, 8. Bets. IV, 1 'aaiB VP'SS wood in the muktseh (stored 
for the winter); a. e.— 2) store of fruits. Maasr. 111,2. 
Ib. I, 5 'a iUBSiffl IS until the melon is stored away. Y. 

Ter. II, 41 d top '31 to "tin ya 1=013 IT*! he took ten 

dry figs from the storage as tithes for ninety in the bas- 
ket (designated for immediate use, v. rtete); (Men. 54 b ; 
55 a SISpa).— 3) (sub. ^3) the tool specially intended (for 
cutting figs). Shebi. VIII, 6, v. rtsPp-, [Maim, the shed 
where figs are spread for drying.].— 4) an animal set 
aside (in a shed) for a sacrifice. Tern. 28 b &131B XO&- 'a 
set aside until it would be seven years old. Ib. 29 a psa 
iTTinSn "ja "'ab where in the Torah is muktseh intimated? 
(misunderstood by Abbaye as meaning, 'where is it in- 
timated that an animal must he kept in an enclosed space 
for some time before it can be offered on the altar?' — 
and corrected as meaning, 'where is it intimated that an 
animal designated for idolatry is forbidden for the Jewish 
altar?')-— Tosef.Ab. Zar.V(VI),10'3l1"S^ 'a 'a fl^S what 
is meant by m. (as forbidden for the altar)? That which 
has been set aside (in a special place -designated for the 
a purpose) for idolatrous use, but if one merely devoted 
it by word of mouth &c. Tern. VI, 1. Tosef. 1. c. 9 Tiai»q 
*31 iiffiS3ll)a 'a Kips when is an animal called m. (for idoU 
atry)? From the time that an act (of dedication) has 

been done with it; Tem.29 a (13) VTSSiffl IS Xbs 1168 'a pS 
(v. Bashi's first interpret.; second interpret.:) a m. re- 
mains forbidden only until it has been used for some 
work (whereby its designation for the idolatrous altar is 
annulled). lb. hffiSa 1168 'a p8 a m. remains for- 
bidden only until some act (as shearing its wool or some 
work) has been done with it; a. e. — 4) (Sabbath law) 
muMseh, that which is not counted on for use on the Sab- 
bath or Holy Bay (v. fjia s. v. yts, a.- SIMM IT); forbidden 
for use or handling. Bets. 2 a Kin 'a tt/'ai lrnraSB isa 
what reason had Beth Shammai (to permit the egg laid 
On the Holy Day by a hen which is kept for laying eggs 
and can, therefore, not be used for consumption on that 
day)? Is it not muMseh? lb. Hbfi Ttt> his 'a rrt rWi he 
who forbids m. forbids also nolad (v. "by. Sabb. 44 a 'a 
eiS^a haha not counted on (and therefore forbidden to 
handle) on account of its repulsiveness (e. g. an old clay 
candlestick) ; 11&1X nana 'a m. in consequence of a ritual 
prohibition (e. g. a candlestick which on the entrance of 
the Sabbath could not be moved because a light was 
burning on it). lb. 157« &"0 'jH6n nana 'a not counted 
on for use on the Sabbath because the object is too ex- 
pensive for a use for which it is not originally made; a. 
fr. — PI. 6i2j3la, "pSpla set apart, chosen. Sifre Num. 85 
(ref. to hSpa, Num. XI, 1) dhSlB 'a& the fire seized. the 
distinguished among them (with ref. to "pSp, Jud. XI, 11; 
Yalk. Num.732 d-OiSpS).— Fern. hSpla.jpZ. hiapW. Sabb. 
43 b lhJTi 'a Shi are they not muktseh (because they are 
not intended for human food)? 

&nj?lD I m. (Ipi) honor. Koh. R. to II, 20; Lev. B, 
s. 25 '=1 iTWpih 'a 'plh b$ so much honor do you show 
to this old Jew?— Ber. 28 a 'al 863, v. Sip 1 ;. 

fcOp"IQ II m. (ip: I, cmp. lip I) [pickings,] marrow, 
brain (v.Shia). Targ. job XXI, 24. Targ.Y.Deut.XXVIII, 
28'a SfflBBal (not Slpia) which makes the brain fat (dulls 
man's reason, v. «3Bo).— Hull. 93 a 'all "VSOSI the mem- 
brane covering the testicles and that covering the brain. 
—Talk. Gen. Ill; end; Gen. B.s. 64, end !Ynpl» some ed., 
v. siipa.]— V. Xipia II. 

EJjl^lH m. compared, v. UJp5. 

ntJp'lD m. (cmp. htipa) a cucumber bed. Y. Kil. III,28 C 
bot.; a. e.— PI. (fr. Sttjpia')'nTOp!ra (Y.dial. for msiBpia). 
Ib, d 'ah pS hlUpla (not "p5) a cucumber bed between cu- 
cumber beds. 

"flD, Eif. Troh (b. h. ; cmp. iha) 1) to exchange. Snh. 
56 b ^VVah 8V> lit* bMrfts I am God, you shall not ex- 
change me (for another god) ; a. e. — Esp. (with ref. to Lev. 
XXVII, 33) to substitute a dedicated sacrifice (by which 
both become sacred property). Tern. I, 1 tiiliaa ^Sh 
(Bab. ed. 'plpaa) all persons have power to exchange ; &6 
law ITaH . . . .'"Varfs "WOI 618115 which means MOt that 
one is permitted to exchange, but that if one did, the 
substitute is sacred. lb. 2 a liaa IT'S tt)iv an heir cannot 
exchange his father's dedication, lb. 3 a , a. fr. 1B?» (Pi. 

3 . jpffln: 

of la;). lb. I, l (7 b ) dhiic hs. d^aa (Talm. ed. dh^as) 
can exchange what belongs to them. lb. ISI" 1 ?;. !>6 1133h 
IS (Talm. ed.!S pl^aa pS) he (the priest) cannot exchange 
the first-born animal (although it is his as the priest's 
share). lb. 2 'SI to IXSh la ffilTaa you can substitute 
small cattle for large; a. fr.-V. di1W8II.-2) to convert. 
Yalk. Gen. 136 63hX 1"<aa iJS I shall force you to abjure 
your religion (Gen. R. s. 82 -Paffia); v. Taw. 

Hof. lalh to be exchanged, to become sacred (without 
redeeming the original). Part. laia. Tern. 1, 1 ; a. fr., 

TD I ch., Af. lias (Pa. IB?) same. Tern. 2 b i»i ilWX 
liaa he has also the power to exchange (v. preced.). lb. 
10 b '31 Itiya sVl 81h iWS (Rashi illas) he has no power 
to exchange, but to dedicate he has. [B.JVIets. 77 a la^X. 
lia^x, v. iia.— [V. S^liast.] 

"11Q 11= las. Y. Ber.II,5 b top Hal pi&a he went out 
and said. lb. mihSI lial (ed. Lehm. Ilaxi) but say also 
what follows it. 

•"11H, ~IJ2 m. (b.h.; 11a) myrrh. Ker. 6 a ; Y.YomalV, 
41 d (an ingredient of frankincense). Gen. R. s. 91, end; 
Yalk. ib. 149 (not ilia), v. ilim Mikv. IX, 5 'ah (Var. 
lah); Tosef. ib. VI (VII), 16 'ah the myrrh-gum. Cant. 
K to V, 16; a. fr.— Ib. 13; Sabb. 30 b , v. la II.— PI. nilla 
lumps of gum. Lam. B. to I, 20 (play on lialah ib., as 
if fr. ian) 'a 'a yxws, v. ttiiUL 

"lla, 0TFH2 (Un n n) ch. same. Targ. Ex. XXX, 23 
(Var. Xla, 81W, UtTPO, v. Berl. Targ. 0. II, p. 29). Targ. 
Prov. VII, 17^ Targ. Ps. XLV, 9 'ia. Targ.IIEsth. II, 5 
(play on iSiia) xisi Xla ed. Lag. (oth. ed. "ia).— Hull. 
139 b (translating 1111 la, Ex.l.c.) X131 XIW clear (liquid) 
myrrh; Meg. 10 b "ttl ila (Ms. 0. a. L. X"<31 xna, v. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 20).— Keth. 75 a ppffilai hlla Ar. (missing 
in ed.) myrrh and musk, y. Shl^p. 

J^lin I c. (b. h.; Si;) fear, reverence. Ab. I, 3, a. fr. 
diaaT'a the fear of the' Lord. Ber. 28 b EHa© 'a Shna 
Ti"3 'a3 63^S (Ms. M. Kt-nti)) that your fear of the Lord 
be as great as the fear of man (before whom you hide 
i when you want to do wrong). Kidd. 31 a Qilph 
'a SY'Sph the Lord (the Bible text) places 
due to the mother before that due to the 
father (Lev. XIX, 3). Ib. b 'a IhfS whereby is filial re- 
verence shown? ; Sifra K'dosh., beg. 'a tefl IPS. Ab.III, 2 
'31 BSlia sba'bsffi but for the fear of it(the secular govern- 
ment) T &c; a. fr.— Pem. form hSlia, constr. HSlia. Kidd. 
30 b . Num. B. s. 15 Slh 'a. ..11 Slla this 'fear' (Koh. VIII, 
13), we know not what it refers to; but on reading . . . 
(Lev. XIX, 32) we learn that it means the reverence due 
to one's teacher. Ib. wfcplBa 'al mai 'a ilh there is also 
the warning to fear the Lord attached to the prohibition 
of usury (Lev. XXV, 36) and of false weights (ib. XIX, 
36).— Naz.IX, 5, v. hlia II.— [Yalk. Sam. 78 . . 'a plh ha 
'a "pin, read: S1S6 .\ . S11&, v. Midr. Sam. ch. H.] 

SS"11H II, TVy}T2 f. ((xcopd) stupid, foolish. .Lam. B. 
in trod. (B. Simeon) (play on hSlia, Zeph.III, 1) [read :] *'h 
'a shiBTO^ flip i"bs "|3\U Slh it is a Greek, expression, 


for in Greek they call a foolish woman mora; Yalk. Zeph. 
567 (TVa (corr. ace). Midr. Till, to Ps. IX, 21 (play on 
nila, ib.) 'a . . . V'lsa plJJ . . pa Sjan let folly enter into 
their hearts, for in Greek they call a fool mora (^= &i""ria). 

/ •• niSniQi-oonstr. tw-fia, v. soia I. 

fflK"^ f. (b. h. n$}1a ; v. 'WF^') crop of birds. Zeb. 
VI, 5, sq. Yoma 21 a ; a! e; — J?. rri»7ia. ' Tarn. I, 4; Sifra 
Vayikra, N'dab., Par. 7, ch. IX. 

rra-Jm, amTmn nvaniD, v. anii^a. ■ 

STS'lliO I f . (nan) yowngr" free or bough.— PI. niiaiia. 
Suoc.fy,' 5 (45 a ) fii-iS \m 'a (Mish. a. Ms. M. 'la) young 
willows; Yalk. Ps. 876. Tarn. II, 3 'la. 

' rPiTffiQ II f ., pi. niia-fla (=nisiaiia, v. nsian) ^water- 
ing time's. Y. Shebi. II, 34 a 'a ffikffl.liaa S5a T (sub. &ia) he 
omitted to water it for three periods (Mish. ib. 9 fYBW) ; 
Tosef. ib. II, 4 rwna-ed. Zuck. (read i.rYiSiarya; Var. nisalo). 
— 2) lagers, piles of hewn stones. Ib. Ill, 1 ; Shebi. HI, 5. 

rfta, :nin, sriia, v. »~!\»,mv. : 

"jn^niD,. Targ. Y. Lev. XIX, 36 some ed., v. XVfm. 

TVfilTfD f. (1BS1) perception.— PI. nitBSIla. Num.E. 
s. 14 (some ed. 'OSIS), v. -TVESntl. 

TllCy.TBL - 

.TjiDm. > rmiDt,v.Tja- 

"PlH I m. (b. h.; *fty descent— PL WiTYia. Erub.56 a . 

TT\12 II (or Vila) m. name of a species of locusts. 
TosefT Hull. Ill, 25. 

ND^l'lH f. pi.' (ill <o plough) furrows. Targ, Ps. 
CXXIX,3 '"prinivisia ed. Lag. (Regia -niVllB; ed. Wil. 
-rm'Via ; ed. Yen. Tliaila, corr. ace). 

S^H/ID m. (preced.; omp. inn, Jon. 1, 13). rudder. B. 

MetsT87 a ; Meg. 16 b , v. tWSb. 

^|?^a/1"ia ) ^-lam.(Pers.m M »-^mortuus, Lev. Targ. Diet. I,p. 4181 ; omp. SORla) dead, wflAer- 
ed flesh, Hull. 121 a (expl, bbx, Mish. ib' IX, 1) B. J. says 
NpVia Ar. s. v. M>K (ed. a. Yalk. Job 906 Kptsia); E.Lak. 
says, pSb inab&a Ittn (v. aba); [Targ. Job.XHI, 4, a gloss 
to Vb«, combining both opinions: fc»ia& iT'otel XpVllal 
ed. Lag. (ed. "Wil. 'Vila ; Ar. ed. Koh. s. v. W>K : Vf]. 

rniD. wyrrA, v. swia. 

rni/Q I m. (b. h.; = niSa, of Phoenician origin, v.. 
Wellh. Text d. B. Sam., p. 146, sq.) razor'.. Naz. IX; 5; 
Midr. Sam. ch. II '31 (n)liaNn 'a na as the word morah 
which is used in connection with Samson ( Jud. XIII, 5) 
intimates that he shall be a nazarite, so also &c. (I Sam. 
1, 11); v. next w.— Num. B. s. 10 why. is the razor (IS*) 

called morah? '31 KVuna ISWpSlB for the hair ;is' afraid 
of nothing but the razor (v. KVia); v. Midr. Sam. 1. c. 

' tTVlD II m. (rap. Wra) authority. Naz; IX,' 5 .S&ril 
Via Sffl S^K 'a -ps does -not this morah (I Sam. 1, 11, v. 
Targ.) mean, 'the authority of man (shall not come upon 
his head}'? Via J>1» 'a rts'S-m laai!) (Var. Klia) the au- 
thority J of man was obviously upon him (I Sam. XVI, 2); 
Midr. Sam. ch. II (corr. ace). 

' ' iTflH III f. stupid, v. Kite H. 

fllllQ I, part. jffi/". of .nv ; v. next w. , 

("HID II m. (b. h. ITia; part, of nia) rebellious.-^ 
PI. Si'via. Tanh. Huck. 9 (ref. to DilaH^-Nuin. XX, 10) 
QiJaiD 'an . . . 'an ina what does this hammorim mean? 
There are several explanations of it :feawtn. means'trouble- 
some'j '31 p»18} 'an hammorim means 'fools', for in the 
sea towns they call fools morim (v. bivia) ; niial&t ffiil 
-pn-Kht nx tfniatt) 'an and some say, hanim. means those 
who presume to teach their teachers ; ; (or) SiSH ■ Dillatt 
'31 those. who shoot arrows (with ref. to I Sam. XXXI; 3); 
v. nv>; Num. B. s. 19. 

rniQHI (fJ-cope, vocat. of [A<op6(;, y. next art.) fool! 
Pesik.' Shim'u. p. 118 b 'a i3ab XVp inn "b& . . . ^ab like 
to a king who gave his son in charge of a pedagogue and 
said, never call my. son fool; . . "pins 'a SOBrti pin na 
t)11la . . what does this more mean? — As in Greek they 
call a fool moros; Yalk. Jer. 265 ; Yalk. Num. 764 i?a!?... 

a (co 


"pT"fiQ, Targ. Ps. LV, 22, v. sniJlia. 

piliQ m. (|X(op60 fool. Pesik. Shim'u, p. 118 b , a. e., 

v. preced. art.— PI. di'lia, plia. ,1b. 'a 153> *>» you 

shall not call my children fools (play on di"15an, v. preced. 
art.). Tanh. Huck. 9, v. TFfia II. ' 

TTD) "TK2 m. supposed to be the name of a clean- bird 
with long legs' and of a red color, Bashi (differ, in Ar.)l 
Hull. 63 a . [The sense of 'a -pSai&l is obscure.] 

rtVr!D, Tosef. Ter. iv, 15 =nniiiaa, v. nia.' 

. EniQ'm. (=Biiaa; •ays) bald-headed person. Tosef. 
Naz.1^6 (Naz. 46 b D1laon liM). 

N^Dni^G, 'U1D pr.n. Mauretania, a district of 
northwestern Africa'. SifreDeut. 320 ; Yeb.63 b (notiXiB"ia), 

v. ^laia. . 

"HID,. Yalk. Gen. 149, read lia. 

^S^HIQ m. (b. h. ilia, Jil'a ; cmp. Sis Pi) 1) an im- 
plement with grooves or indentations, ess\). threshing sledge. 
—PI. tJiSilia, t=iaiia. Zeb. : 116 b ; Men. 22 a ; Ab. Zar..24 b 
fexpl. disila, II Sam. XXIV, 22), v. Alalia.— 2) palate 
(Bashi : all parts of the anim'al which are rough and in- 
dehted).^-Pl. as ab. Ber.- 55 a ; Sabb. 81 a nana iJill'a the 
palate (or tongue &c.) of an animal. ' 


WHIM, ^PIS ch. same; 1) threshing ledge. Targ. 
Is. XLI,15.— PL XW*Vin. Targ. II Sam. XXIV, 22. Targ. 
Is. XXVIII, 27 KVrO'iSinia (ed.Lag.iS1la; h. text f-TlFl).- 
Tem. 1 8 a 1rtii5l"naa "*K Ar. (ed. 'a^iaa ; Bashi ' aiaa) even 
if you have to take them away from the threshing sledges. 
—2) jpafafe. Targ. Job XII, 11 ; a. fr. — PZ. as ah. (with 
sing, meaning). Targ. Ps. XXII, 16 (ed. AVil. sing.). Targ. 
Cant. V, 16; a.'e. 

14* \\12 *morigan, a word in an incantation. Sabb. 67 a 
Ms. M. (ed. «ms). 

# nj"liD, y 3Jl "If! (b, h.) Mount Moriah, the Temple 

mount. Taan. II, 4, sq. '31 'art Irta rtSSia ia may He 

who answered Abraham on M. M. answer your prayer 
&c. lb. 16 a ; T. Ber. IV, 8 c top; Cant. E. toIV,4; Gen.B. 
s. 55 ; Tesik. E. s. 40 (homiletical etymologies). 

, ^nia,y.^a.. '..•"'■' .■■•■'• 
"Oi^trna, blow*™. P r. „. «., m™™^- 

mws(2), eponymous hero of Eaamah. Targ. Y. Gen. X, 7; 
Targ. I Ohr.T, 9 (ed. Lag. 'BKiiaa).. 

fconia. 'a ^^bn^m. P i (v . k^s, a . ^ an in- 

gredient of frankincense, supposed to be unguis odoratus. . 
Targ.Y. II Ex. XXX, 34 (not &6aHB ; h. text nihil)). 

ST'HiDf. (=.1»7in; tr\y decision, law. Y. Snh. IV, 
beg. 22 aT (in Chald. diet.) 'a'sni s0> . . . Klrtrt that scholar 
did not know the law. 

. fP'H'lH, Cant. E. to II, 1 6, ; a las, y. ni^anas. 

l^iDrND^iD m/(i*ii) teacher, scholar, ^eth. 
23 a "|Ta-ijA 'a*l pa, they are the daughters of a scholar^ Y, 
Sabb. VIII, ll b top KUffll 'a (not '11531) the teacher of 
the Nasi (E. Judah); Y. Shek. ill, 47 c ; ib. VIII, beg. 51 a 

s-i'ifflii rtisi^.ia. 

& r H 1 IQ, (ch. form Kbii"?ia) m. (muries) brine, pickle : 
containing fish-hash and sometimes wine. Ab. Zar. 34 b 
"irfla IBIS 'a you may use muries prepared by a gentile 
professional cook (because he puts no wine into it). Ib. 
jtowiWi xaix a ship-load of muries. Pes. 109 a 'al sttibp 
'Si a xestos measure for muries existed in Sepphoris 
which corresponded to the Log of the Temple ; Y. Sabb. 
VIII, 1 l a bot. ; Y. Pes. X, 37 c bot. '=1 'an tWipT» KTOom an 
old Tumanta (eighth of a kab) for muries in Sepphoris. 
Y. Ter. VIII, 45 b bot., v. ^2 1. Tosef. Ber. IV, 2. Tosef. 
Dem. I, 24; Hull. 6 a ; a. fr/ 

riS*niD morifath, a word in an incantation. Sabb. 
67 a Ms. M. (missing in ed.). 

^|5"niD m. 1) (p^i) crocus, saffron. Targ. Cant. IV, 
14.— [Targ. Ps. CXIII, 9, v. pn\]— Y. KB. II, 28 a , v. S^rt. 
Gitt. 70 a , y.WIS. Hull.47 b 'all . . . laTi which has the 
color of cuscuta or saffron; a. e.— 2) v. Xprial. 

"TH1/Q m. (part. Eif., denom. of *vn) spitting, dis- 
charging secretion. Tosef. Par. IX (VIII), 6 Stlrttt) i3Ba 
li'llB E. S. to Par. IX, 2 (ed. Tlia; corr. ace.) because it 

secretes liquid matter,' — PI. -fwrtio; . Ib, E. S, 1, c.(ed. 
•pTia, corr. ace). Keg. IX, 2, quo't. by E..S. to Par, I.e.; 

v. Tm'. . :;,..!.-..,■.■■;-.; 

©"HID in. testator, ancestor, v. 4JT.' - ■ ■. 

?J"11D m. (b. h. 'nna; 'Tpi) faininess^ cowardice. Sifra. 
B'Wk^Par. 2,ch.Vli(ref. to 'rpa, Lev. XXVI, 36J with- . 
ou'f i) [read;] 'avf-ra .i »^. ..^frra .nixartl laia " 
'does not read morekh (with 1, which may be derived from 
"(IS and mean hope, v. TpX) but morekh (without 1) which 
means fear, terror, despair &c. (v. ^a),; . Yalk. Lev. 675 

^niTDnid, analgia, ^n^bniq f- pi.^ 

emp. nai"i&t i) long hoards, esj>. the trough at the well 
(h. biE)rt-i).' Targ. Y.I Gen. XXIV, 20 (ed.Amst. h^alia, 
corr. ace; Y. II rtiania flhrt&rt, 'ubfr. aco.J. Ib;XXX,38; 
41 (Y.'H awsna, Targ.Y.Ex. 11,16 (ed.;Amst. 

"pUPIID, Y, Shebi. VI, end, 3?V v. ' fm.' ■ . 

D'i'lD, Part. Sof. of W-l q. ?'.. ,. ! . -y, 

'Q'Tfi m. (prob. contract of "plKa} IW) moron, name 
of a compartment of the house (the Greek peristyle?). 
B. Bath. I, 6 (li a ) 'art (Ms. M. plan • Ms. H. •j^art). 

W11D (Ar. rtS»na,.h3S^a) name of a jporawfe worm. 
Ab. Zar. 26 b 'a waft (a circumcision performed) on ac, 
count of a murana. — Hull. 49 a '31 *b*bti''n as to a murana 
found onthe lungs, there is a difference of opinion &c. 
Ib. 67 b Ar. (ed.,i3 b fl).— P?. 1 )i3'l!ia,,i3'!i|a..;'Targ.Y.Ex,XVI, 
20. Targ. Job VII, 5 (not ' ij*ila)' ; a.ei — [V. next w. a. 
jttwjia.] ' ..'. .. •■ ,'• ...-•> '.,. "■' 

; ^^"i^ia, ^TfiD w^y £ pi.;(omp. ^k).i) m- 

trees (b. h. *irt'7Fi)."Targ. Is. XLI, 19 ; LX,, 13 (ed. %il. T^fe; 
ed. Ven. I ^Ttro):— 2) lances, v, sris'nia.'- 

" Ma 1 JIlH, Targ. Y.'Ex. XXI, ' 1 8, a misplaced ,Var. lect. 

of Kfwna, v. snii'i'iB.- '. '-, v ■•-.-.■, 

Tl^'lia f. (v. preced. art., emp. [AsXi'a ash a. spear) 
spear, 'lance.— Pl.T^Vfa. Ex.E.'s. 17,end*i'i5ffl'a...tiaVKrt 
'31 it is for you my darts are prepared, which I send over 
the waves of the sea (on your .ships). iWaY.'^aJ 'a my 
(the Lord's) darts are ready. 

, SStrP^niEj '^^2e,h..s&m%lwce,,pole. Targ. Ps f 
XLVI, W. Targ. j Sam. XIII, 22; a. fr. — [Targ. Y. Ex. 
XXI, 19 HWffla his staff,v.»mVra.]--_ [Targ. Ps.CXXIX, 

3 iinnijira ed. Ven., v. ■xnwiia.]'— PI. "pyyia, txrmi'iB, 

StJJS'J'ia. Targ. Ps. LV, 22 (ed, Wil, TTftO,. corr. ac'c.). 
Targ, Jer. XLVI, 4. Targ. 1 . II Chr. XI, 12; a. fr,— Targ.Ez. 
XXXIX, 9 p'WO 19!* (h. text 11 ip a i. v - T'^'lW),— Pesik. 
B'shall., p. 94 a ; Koh. E. to XI, 2 'aSV ilBina with -, stifcks 
and poles. ;y 

: &3"llQ, Pesik. E. s. 2 1 , v. Di3"iit3. 

^D'lID m. (emp. WiQ abscess. Eduy, II, 5'; Tosef. ib. 
I, 8, a. e., v. &&B. Gitt. 69 b 'a^ a remedy for an abscess. 


,. , "V-HID hi. (bbl) bruised gram, coarse bran (differ, fr. 
■pfflb). ' X. Sot. I, 17 b ; Y. Peah TH, 20 a bot,; Keth, 112 a 
•pOlla (oorr. ace). Tosef. Shebi. V, 8. Hall. II, 6 •JiB'TO 
the bran thereof; a. fr. 

iCfcH'ID f. (DO 1 !) destruction, ruins. Targ., Pro v. 
XXVI, 26 (h. text TiSMBa). 

■9"VlD = S^Saq,v. 
9™|"IP, Y. Yoma VIII, end, 46 c , read with Lev. R. s. 

3': sn Vs. 

"HlD, jrf. 'pTJ'ia. v. wia. , 

'JStETflD, J"RD~fiD m. (cmp. KU^i) projecting point. 
Ber.24 a SaiaV» the top of the cap(.the bag containing the 
T'fillin). Erub. 76 b ; Suco. 8 a Stnsoipl 'a the projection of 
the corners (of a square inscribed in a circle). B.Bath.3 a 'a 
J*n51p1 the projections of a rough stone wall. Sabb. 77 b 
WTO"! «ap. 'a the top of the scab, opp. sa^M. Ib.lO0 b 
fh rVit 'a NaViTTMs. M. perhaps the ground in the water 
has a projecting eminence (v. Tosaf. a. I.; ed. tV»'a Wfl' 
Pit but has not the ship a projecting point (a helm)?— 
Hull. I7 b '31 Sap 'a the. anterior, edge of a notch in a 
knife cuts smoothly (the skin and flesh) and the posterior 
edge tears; the vital parts (d^ati). Men. 94 b "TOS TWltO 
•H? (Rashi Xffllin) he attache sto the shipshaped cake a 

TVlfrflQ, t (b. h. ; tffty inheritance, Snh. 59 a (ref. to 
Peut. XXXIII, 4) dfiV&thl 'a "\& it is our inheritance, not 
theirs. lb., '21 Voia, 'a laHl 'jSa according to him who 
reads morashah, he (the gentile studying the Law) robs 
(us). Ber, 57 a a. e. rt^iaa. &6k 'a.inpn isread not (Deut. 
1, c.) morashah inheritance,, but m'orasah (betrothed), v. 
61S. Ex. E. s. 33. 

..HWin,v-w*m. .'■■-' 

, fetFR 5 !© f. (v, lia), Nhpira 'a a solution of pounded 
myrrhrgum. Y. Ber, VI, I0. a bot, 

.■E51D (b. h. ; v., aiaja) to feel,, touch, 
Nif* ttiiai,. part. pi. niiiiiai [gropers, searchers,} the last 
troop of gleaners. Peah VIII, 1 'Sri laVuBa from the time 
the last gleaners go., Y. ib. 2Q, d S).1D3 . ., .. "I ipm S1p3 ttaV 
'Dl why are they called n'moshoth (searchers)? Because, 
they come out last. Ib. '=1 'J Wi "Ofi rV8 (not rVUDiai) 
some React n'mosjioth, others mashoshoth &c; he who, reads 
mash, calls them so.,, because they feel their way in walk- 
ing (old people); B. Mets. 21 b ; Taan. 6 b '31 tJ6 1 i»a 
what is meant by n'moshoth? Old men walking on a 
staff; (oth. opin.)'D1 ">B1p*>, v. Stfip^. Y. Peah I.e. X2V STrT 
Ort 'pa (not "(a) used to go out among the last gleaners. 

UJ1D eh. 1) same. Targ.O. Gen. XXVII, 12; a„e.— 
2) (perh. fr. ttJttki; cmp. lSaffla) to handle, attend, to, pre- 
pare. M. Kat. 27 b '31 arm* ij&i ttj*aijjv (v. Babb. B. s. 
a. 1. note; ed. incorr.) let that woman have her shroud in 
readiness:. B. Kam. 92 b ttjia "foA SS31X- prepare a saddle 
for thy hack, v. XBSMK. 

Af. ttpast fo aWoto totouch. Targ. Jud. XVI,, 2p?^iaXV 
(ed. Lag. ijfflasi, v, Ktia). •'■-*' 

DI2J1D m, (b. h.; 30»tfrf, s#M«#. Y. Ber. IX, 13 a top 
httSTipa. iattjia His sitting (in judgment) is in holiness (with 
ref. to Ps, XLVII, 9). Meg, IV, 3 (2.3 b ) 'al TaS» the: eere- 
mony of rising and sitting down at funerals; a, ft.— 3BJi» 
tF&, v. y\.— Bsp.'ai(n»aiB),<ie uncleanness caused by an, 
unclean man's sitting, the unclean seat (Lev. XV, 4), Kel. 
I, 5 'al 33U3a xaaa causes uncleanness of couch and seat; 
Zab. I, 1; a. fr. — [Hull. 124 a 31 3Wia the privy chair of 
one afflicted with gonorrhoea; Ar. reads: 113ttJla,, Itaifia,. 
'a leather seat of a, folding chair', v. SSI.]— PL nfaiaia., 
Lev. B. s. 1 ; Tanh. Vayikra. 1 (ref. to Prov. XXV, 7) pm 
'31 'a "plpa "p keep removed from thy place two or three 
seats (behind that which is due to thy position), that, 
they may say to thee, go up. 

TOin, v.preced. 

intClQ or.|"l)£nQ )i Y.Yeb.VIII,,9. d top 'al^JJlAlil 
(or TPS); Y. Kidd. IV, 65 d bot. 'SttJan yo Sin, prob. ta 
be read: Xiaiaips or IHjial, v. tstfroa I a. fiw. 

nin^ia, v. mm 

5^iQ m. (b. h.; S^) protector, aid, esp. (by adopt- 
ing the phrase Bent XXII, 27 ) means of saving a be- 
trothed damsel assaulted. Snh. 73 a "Ql ^33. rh 'a ffli Xfi 
Sia5inb i-D-ns but if there is aid, any means to save her 
is permitted (even by the death of the assailant). Ib. UP 
'Dl ys 'a th if there is. another, way of saving her, you 
dare not kill him. 
' fcOtthfr hide, v. Mate. 

: ." l 3tt5lD, '12 5]15 pr. nvpl. the Fort of the Moschi, a 
people whose territory formed the southern part of Col- 
chis. Kidd. 72 a ; Yeb. 17». 

■JJUJ ID pr. n.. pi,; Moxoene, a town east of the upper 
Tigris^sources. 'Kidd. 71 b 'a IS Babylonia extends (for 
genealogical purposes) as far as M. Ib. 72 a 'al linb iSlUla 

p^5iD m. (v. T^swa) mush. Ber. 43 a (Ms. M. ^wia),— 
PI. 'y&ifia, v. x&a-q. 

DTD, TAD (b. h.) fe cfe. Gitt, VII, 3,,, ^a> S» if I 
should die. Gen. B. s. 9 (play on 18a, Gen. I, 31). iiiill 
nia. 31B. behold, it is good to die.— Kidd. 72 b '51 "l naB» 
when R. . . died. M.Kat. 28 a Q1!)tna na if one dies suddenly., 
Sabb. 55 b W dttarfl died for their sin. Tam. 3.2. a (in 
Ghald. diet.) 'SI Vftcm Wat TiaSi MO what must man do 
in order to die ? Let him feed himself, V; il*n. Shebu. 
18 a , v. 3to1; a. v. fr.— V. tna. 

Eif. miry to put tor death; to- cause death. Snh. S3 a tafit 
'si irvwa ninsiB...'inialn^ biai ^nx ^K that if you cannot 
put him to death, in the manner legally prescribed, you 
must execute judgment by whatever means you can. Ib. 
5$ isv'bs yvftm . . . la^ai acts on which a Jewish court 
passes a sentence of death. Tam. 1. e.(in Chald* diet.) fia 

laSS [».!■.-.;. tt5Di!rt-iasi what must man do in order to 
live? .. Let him starve himself (his appetites). Ber. 63 b 
fiibs lass maalS . . . n"1 pX the words of the Law remain 
only with him who kills himself (denies himself all en- 
joyments) for its sake (with playonNum.XIX,14); 
Hof.iwtn to be put to death. Keth. 37 b Sptn pnala 
those put to death by the sword. Snh. 55 b mibs pnala 
are put to death on her account ; a. fr. 

: ffla ch.- same, v. n^a. 

'■{THE m. (b. h.; preced.) deatt. Ab. II, 4 tali IS . . . ba 
^nia do not trust thyself (that thou wilt not sin) until 
thy dying day; Ber: 29 a . lb. 17 a 'sb S1K E)1D man's final 
destiny is death; a. v. fr.— 'ail "]!*ba (abbrev. B"na)the 
angel of death. Ab. Zar. 5V Gen. B. s. 9 1S*a 31B H5STI 
a"ha m 'and behold, it was very good' (Gen. I, 31) this 
refers to the angel of death; a. fr. 

DID, NrfiQ I ch. same. Targ. Ex. X, 17. Targ. Jer. 
XI, 19 'al KaB poison; a. fr. — Targ. T. Gen. XXXV, 18 
fem.— Sabb. 88 b 'aliXab, v. supra; loma 72 b .— Yeb. 63 a 
'aa ifflpl ilia something harder than death. M.Kat. 28 b , 
v. Nubian ; a. fr. 

... ^iTJE II f. (iai) ofltt, v. snaia. . ■ ' 

DniDj^SDlH m. (ani)=h. aiaia, seof, dwelling; session. 
Targ.Ez.XLVilI,15. Targ. O. Ex. XII, 42; a. fr.— B.Bath. 
165 b , a. fr.'xnbn aniaa in a session of three judges. Koh. 
E. to III, 6 [read :] '31 prpania pib 3IT 1 he assigned to them 
their place in a dark compartment of the ship; a. fr. — 
'a ma court, school. Bekh. 5 b mi 'a ma in the Great 
College; Talk. Ex. 224 mnia.— PI. pania, constr. lania. 
Targ. Ez. XXXIV, 13.— [Targ. T. I Deut. XVIII, 8 tinia, 
v. aaiiia.] 

SSrfQrriQ, constr. fflSSTliD f. (preced.) settlement. 
Targ. Y. Num. XXI, 15 (some ed. Mania; h. text HMO).. 

fcOZirflQ m. (preced.) 1) residence.— PI. p?ania. Targ. 
Ex. X, 23. lb. XXXV, 3 (T. II "ilia tva); a. fr.— 2) seat, 
chair.— PI. as ab. Targ. II Esth. I, 2. 

, asOTia, v. swjtb.i. . 

- '^5riia,.y7. Tijbnia, v. tsbna. 

"JSIIE m. (Kia) pestilence. Sifra B'huok. Par. 2, ch. IV 
(ref. to ilbm, Lev. XXVI, 16) 'a roa .... nbmasi ma a 
plague which causes confusion among men, and which is 
that ? It is the plague of pestilence (epidemic) ; Talk. 
Lev. 673. 

,. WTOD ch. same. Targ. O.Num. XVII, 15 (T. fem., 
sub. nt-ia). lb. XXXI, 16. Targ.Ps. LXXVIII, 50 Ms. (ed. 
Krviaa) ; a. fr. — Taan. 8 b , v.. SOH3. Snh. 29 a ; Yeb. 114 b 
(pro v.) '3i 'a !TKl p34) 3115 a pestilence may last seven 
years, yet none dies before his time, a. e. — [Targ. Y. II 
Num. XXIII, io. ■poiffip p?nia, read 'pi jsnia.}.. 

' frOTHD rope, v. Sana. 

■. ."p^THD m. pi. ch.=h. fiisna, loins, sides. Targ.Y. Gen. 

XXI, 14.— Hull. 51 a Iflb T11B IrtHiniaN (Eashi; 'na!*)they 
throw them so that they fall On their sides. " ■:. 

, Targ. Y. Lev. XX Vf, II 

• ■»rorna-f.y;-(>)=» 

(ed.Amst. SilirTia, corr. ace). 

"M3, v. in;. 

' ."TAD m..(b. h.; in;) remainder, surplus. Shek.IV,3 
'31 iliffi inia what remains over of the surplus fund of 
&c. lb. 4. Men. 83 b HOSn 'a what has not been- used of 
the money (or the animals) dedicated for the Passover 
sacrifice; a. fr. — PI. niinia. Y. Yoma V, beg. 42 b iJUn 
'31 'ail bi> Srtl.1 1"a (not tmr) it is a silent agreement of 
the authorities that surpluses (from sacrificial appropri- 
ations) shall be applied to burnt-offerings, Sifra Tsav, 
Mill., end Kliinia their remnants. 

"TAD), S^"iniD ch. 1) same. Targ. 0. Ex. XVI, 23. . 
Targ.Y II Eajxil, 34 (h. text -nlKlBa); a. e.— Lev. B. s. 
34, end 'ql pba inia ...13 when she talked a surplus of 
words (more than necessary) on the Sabbath.-^Pfe Kjirria, 
nijinia. Num.B. s. 11 '31 'a pbi|* how many days (above 
3000) are there? — 2) superabundance. Targ. Is. I, 9.— 
3) preference, advance. Targ. Koh. II, 13 ; a. e. 

n5|Q m. (b. h.; mi) altar. Zeb. V, 1, a. fr. )Wft)l 'a, 
v. Tixi'n 'Tam. Ill, 1, a'fr. iai3B!l 'a the inner altar (in 
the interior of the Temple). — Gitt. V, 5 'attppn iJSa in 
order to prevent neglect of the altar. lb. 55 b ViajO xbttJ 
'31 baiX 'a lest people say, the altar receives stolen goods. 
Ber. 55 a , v. 1S3. Gen. B. s. 80 113113 p 'a3 as the altar, 
so are its priests; Y. Snh. II, end, 20 d ; a. v. fr.— Ab. Zar. 
53 b ; Tosef. ib. V (VI), 8, a. e. (of an Idolatrous altar), V. 

Map.— PI. ninata. Lam. E. to I, ie ma© nnsa laax iih 
'31 'a behold, our mother built seven altars and offered 
seven children on one day (as martyrs of their faith). 
Num. E. s. 20; a. e. 

!tf iSllJD m., pi. ibata (v. bat) foliage in a bag, bolster 
used by "the shepherd; [Ar.short pieces of matting]. Succ. 
20 a , expl. i>Mt1a, q. v. Ib. b ibata Ms. M. (ed. Qibaitla). ■ ■ 

W211D, riDSta m. (pt) seller. Targ. Is. XXIV, 2 
(somee'd. iSOOm).— Y. B. Met's. V, beg. 10 a 'ab 11 pia mil 
if prices rise above that, woe to the seller (on time). 
Esth. E. to III, 6' miatab nib ill (not 'atiab) woe to him 
who sells it (the king's purple). Pesik. B. s.21, v. Klpt II. 

. M^Q, ; 33l?I2 same. Targ. Ez. VII, 12, sq. (ed.: 
Wil. 'aita). 'Targ! II Esth. Ill, 11 ; a. e. 

$D (denom. of It a; b. h. tjba) to mix wine with water r 
spices&c; to temper; in gm. to fill the cups, to offer drink,. 
Ab. Zar. 58 b (to one who used 13&a) ista saijfl why do. 
you not say : m'zago? Ib. 1133 IStaffl pi wine which/ a 
gentile mixed for drinking. Ib. 59 a '31 Q1133 -Wtal »lah 
wine whieh gentiles mixed and Jews drank. Pes. X, % 
'31 &13, lb Wa they (the attendants) 'offer him- the. first. 
cup &c. Num. E. s. 1 (ref. to Cant. VII, 3)...5tia:!K1ftffl.ia; 
'31-5tia. . (not Slta) he who mixes wine properly, mixes' 
one third wine with two thirds water; Tanh. B'midb. '4; 

■ : ap?.v 

Pes. VII, 13 aita> to serve the wine; a. fr.— Part. pass, rflra 
a) w«'a:ei (wine), opp. in. lb. 108 b . Neg. I, 2 S^ffla 'an ^15 
ihe color of red wine mixed with snow, v. ?pB. Nidd. 
XI, 6 'as like mixed wine; expl. ft. 7 'SI blpin "lilB two 
thirds water &c, v. supra; Sabb. 75 a ; a. fr. — b) combined. 
Num. B. s. 2, beg. patta . . nialpa n"ia in eighteen biblical 
passages are Moses and Aaron combined (the predicate 
being in the singular number as if they were one person). 

Nif. ata? to be mixed. Y. Ab. Zar.V, 45 a bot. 'ta '3 '1B8 
'Si IShS even if the quantity finally added to produce the 
required proportion was a permitted substance; Y. Or], 
II, 62 b bot. .' 

Pi. ata to clarify, make clear. Cant. E. to VII, 4 (play 
on Ma, ib.) the Sanhedrin 'Si ataa 8inifl which makes the 
law clear for her (the congregation). 

' J5D ch. same. Targ. Y. Ex. XXX, 33 (h. text Mpli). 
Targ. Prov. IX, 2. Targ. II Esth. I, 8 ; a. fr.— B. Mets. 60 a 
'SI niaSB niSTa he mixed it, (and) when he tasted it &c. 
Erub.54 a 'SI rrt 5ila Xi3T..ninSffiS he found his servant 
when he was about to mix the wine for him; JOS niataiX 
I will mix it myself; Ned. 55 a . Lam. E. to I, 1 TQ-l'on 
'nxa6) (in an enigma) ■pMa'pTi two give drink(the breasts). 
Ex. B. s. '45 'ST pata ''jiBS "jiTl two angry faces putting 
hot water into the drink !, i. e. one adding to the other's 
wrath, instead of placating; Midr, Till, to Ps. XXV, 4 
■jinni 'p»1B (corr. ace; cmp. Deut. R. s. 3). [Lev.E.s.28, 
end mata, v.-'ijtt.] Gen. B. s. 63 (read;] 'Jinia'Tp Win, and 
tempered the bath before them (v. niSi); a. e.— Part. pass, 
aita, Sttija. Yoma 81 b inax ia 'a Ar.'(ed. aita) did I say, 
'tempered' (vinegar) ? 

Pa. am same.. Targ. Is. LXV, 11. 

Af. ai.ia» same, esp. to mix drugs. Part, aitaa apoth- 
ecary. Targ.Y. Ex. XXX, 25 [read:] 'a ISIS -88103; ib.35 
(h. text nph). ■ - 

A)12 \AJi)13 ) pr. n. M'zag (Mizgag), eponymous hero 
of a tribe answering to Mazices, Mazyes (Maxyes) in 
Northern Africa (v. Sm. Greek a. Boman Geogr, s. v. 
Mauretania). Targ. Y. Gen. X, 7 ; Targ. I Chr. 1, 9 (ed. Lag. 
aaia); ib. 32(h. text pi). 

$]jH m. (b. h.; aat, cmp. laa fr. *na) [clearing, refin- 
ing; fr. which ata to clear (dark) wine by dilution &c.,] 
1) mixture. Sifra Vayikra, N'dab., Par. 5, ch.VII 'a3 &6 
not in a mixture of water and wine. Nidd. II, 7 (19 a ) 'aST 
Y. a. Bab. ed. (Mish. aitas), v. ata. Y. ib. IL. 50 b top 'ail 
■proa nuns aita . . . . sax (not'iaiaSI) 'and like mixed 
wine', says Abba . . ., like a cup filled with mixed wine, 
seen from without (through the glass). Bab. ib. 20 a 'j'ln 
'aa except the discharge which has the color of a mix- 
ture of one third wine &c; a. e.— 2) temperament, dis- 
position. Gen. B. s. 28 SI ... . lata (not nsi) the king's 
disposition is bad (he is illiberal). 

' m]2l, 'TO, XNQch.' tame, mixed wine, drink. 
Targ. T Prov. XXIII, 30'ama drinking house(h.text b ]Saa).- . 
Ned.55 a 'S1.ia1'ia pin this prepared wine tastes like that 
. prepared by &c; Erub. 54 a 'S'i itaiia i«n ia*i. B.Mets. 60 a 'a 
5>i1i 5*tia TH wine which I mixed is easily distinguished 

(because I make it very weak).— Trnsf. Xate'a the 
banquet of the world, the needs of life. Cant. B. to VII, 
4; [Matt. K. : KMa the butler of the world (the Lord)].— 
PZ.iaia, v. next'w. 

&WTH II or R^iO I m. (cmp. sniMt) crystal, glass. 
Yoma35 b 'a3 K'iarib as the wine shines through a glass 
cup (be it ever so thick).— PL lata or lata. B. Bath. 73 b 
jnam'a iin(Bashb. i&S, v. Eabb'.D.S. a.'l,hote300) two 
cups of wine. [Y. Nidd. II, 50 b top '31 SOS lataSl, v. ata.] 

5S3 jQ II pr. n. pi. Mazga. Gen. B. s.34, end; Yalk. Gen. 
61 'a ya ... p "p where are you from? Said they, from 
Mazga. Ib. '31 'a "ja dish i«X I am a scholar from M., 
and it contains no more than two stands (for students), 


M}D f ., fcCO iT! 'H. (ata) Wine-Mixer, name of an un- 
clean bird; 'n 'a ha Little Wine-Mixer, name of a clean 
bird. Hull. 62 b ,sq. 

33jQ, v. ata. 

VH^jn, ytfffQ, v. wst." 

^T\)12 m. (ant) seed. Targ. Y. Gen. IV, 3, v. S^ II. 

. n%3 1 (b. h.) = nt na, what is this? Tanh. Sh'moth 
23 (ref. to Ex. IV, 2) 'si rtta 3in3 Wa -pia. 'a 'what is 
this in thy hand?' It may be read mizzeh, out of that 
which is in thy hand thou deservest punishment. 

MlD II m. (nt5) the priest appointed to do the sprink- 
ling (Num. XIX, ¥l). Tosef. Par. XII (XI), 12.— Trnsf. 
priest, man of distinction. Y. Ber. IV, 7 d top 'a. SOntiJ in 
'31 ntl 'a p. let him sprinkle (occupy the office) who is 
a sprinkler, son of a sprinkler (a scholar of scholarly an- 
cestry); dare he who is neither himself a sprinkler 
say to him who is . . . ., Thy water is plain cave water, 
and thy ashes mere ashes from the stove (thy decisions 
are of no legal value)?; Y. Taan. IV, 67 d ; Ber. 28 a ; cmp. 

W!2 = s« na what is this? why is this? Y. Ab. Zar. Ill, 
43 b ; ib. IV, 44 b top. 

Mtoira, v. *»$». 

SW11D m. (ata) wine-mixer, butler. Targ.Y- Gen. XL, 
5; a/e.— Y. Sabb. I, 3 a bot.— PI. SWiia. Targ.Y. Gen. 
XL,1; a. e. 

, *rn^/Q- or jTlllJSf. (v. V]) travelling bag contain- 
ing provision &c. Kel. XX, 1 Mish. ed. (Talm. ed. n^ilta, 
n*ila, corr. ace. ; ed. Dehr. n'ntia, Var. in Maim. nita). 

HI^D f. (b. h. ; fll=1Ilt ; cmp. Xllt) [coupling, set,] door- 
i frame, esp. door-post. Kidd. 22 b (ref.. to Ex. XXI, 6) hVl 
'31 1113 liniU 'al door'and post were my witnesses ii) Egypl; 
(ib. XII, 23) when I passed ... and said, my servants are 
the sons of Israel and not servants of servants &c. Ib. 

<ai:ta1Sa *a rta as Wzuzdh, is used only of what is in a 
standing position, so is here deleth meant of the door in 
its position. Men. 34 a r"ihj* 'sk where there is only one 
door-post; a. e.— PI. nifita. Mekh.Bo.s. 11 ; a.e.— Esp, m'zu* 
zah (Deut. VI, 9; XI, 20) the inscription on tjie door-post 
(a slip of parchment containing Deut. VI, 4—9, a. XI, 
13—21). Pes.4 a '31 f*l rOVt 'a to fasten the m. at the 
door is the tenant's duty (not the owner's). Men. 44 a 

'art •p mas requires no in. lb. innsa 'a -b yw is he 
who has no m. at his door. Ih. 34 a fins 'aa ann is bound 
to have one m. at the door;— T. Meg. IV, 75° bot. 
'1 *>«9 Intna ma the case of the w. in the house of Babbi. 
— Yoma ll a W nnta the m. in a private house.— P/. as 
ab. Men. 1. c. 'a iniM ann must have two door-post in- 
scriptions ; Yoma 1. c. ; a. fr. 

NPlflJQ ch. same, door-post; door-post inscription. 
Targ.Ps, CXXI, 5 '31 'a iiaa p ed- Lag. (missing in oth. 
ed.) for the sake of the m'zuzah &c. Targ.Y. Deut. XX, 
5; a. e.— Men. 33 a 'a ib sap fasten the m'zuzah for me.— 
Ab. Zar. 1 l a '31 'a fttlfl saw the inscription at the entrance ; 
a. e.— PI. J*niW3, l^jsita, ^llta. Targ. Lam, II, 9 (h. text 
'mia). Targ* Deut. VI, 9'; a.e.— [Targ. I Sam, I, 9 itlta bs, 
missing in ed. Lag.] 


'I^D m. (b.h. ■; )*n)food, sustenance ; meal; alimentation. 
Erub.III, 1 '31 'art p misn he who vows abstinence from 
mazon (nourishment) is permitted to partake of water 
and salt. lb. 30 a ; Ber. 35 b '31 'a ilpijt stVi Kin hial Bio 
only water and salt are not called mazon, but all other 
food is included in mazon; Gen.B.s.94, beg. Erub. VIII,2 
W11S6 '3 'a food for two meals. Ber. VIII, 8 'art "mb 
for the after-meal (dessert). lb. 'art JaS "paa he says the 
grace after meal. lb. 5 '31 'ai *0 the benediction for the 
light, then for the meal, then for the spices &c. ; Pes.l03 a . 

■^-'art roia, v. ro'na.— Ber. vi, 8 •iaita smi and this was 

his meal.— Y. Yelb*. XV, 14 d bot. niiartl rtfflNrt 'a the ali- 
mentation of wife and daughters (after a man's death). 
lb. VII, 8 a bot. "(rtiiaia niaart 'a the obligation to support 
the daughters from a man's estate is a Rabbinical enact- 
ment; a. fr PI, niaita, Ber. 35 b 'a 131:0 mia (abbrev. 

a"aa) (Blessed be he) who created various kinds, of food, 
Keth. IV, 6 ina 'aa aurt bound to support his daughter, 
lb. XI, 2 'a rti -px she cannot claim alimentation, lb. 3 
iH13a 'ai I have sold (a portion of my widowhood) for 

my support. lb. XII, 2 'a ian 'a rti )T\M isan her 

husband supports her, and they (the heirs) must give her 
the equivalent of her support; a. fr. 

- 1"to, bOltD ch. same. Targ. 0. a. Y, I Deut. XXIV, 6. 
Targ. Y. I Gen. IH, 18; a. fr, — Ber. 44% v. WW I. — PI. 
■paila, isila. Y. B. Bath. IX, beg. I6 d 'a ni mishe cannot 
claim alimentation. Keth. 65 a 'a ii pl&& decree aliment- 
ation to be given me (by my husband's heirs). Bets. 16 a 
Sin 'al SSUJii prt Wi that this hole (Ps. LXXXI, 5) 
means sustenance ; a. e. , 

nrP3nia f Y r ttjtn. 

JSEYOlKS, itSTSiTEJ f. ( support,comfQrt, 
Gen, B. s, 48 (ref* to Gen. XVIII, 5) aaVl 'a xni& bread 
is the comfort of the heart; Yalk. Gen. 82; Yalk, Jud. 75 
sniJiia (corr. ace). 

!S&i?D m.(t)ti) creditor. Targ.Ps.CIX, 11 CMs.'N&itia). 

Nrf^TllfD I f. (preced.) ban; 'a i*ia creditor. Targ, 
Ps. LXVI, 12." Targ.Y. Deut. XV, 2 (ed. Amsterd. KMoita). 

^n^&lffl, NJTlD'ift) II f. (t|ta) threatening, rebuke, 
wrath. Targ. 0. Deut.' XXVIII, 20 'a ed. Berl. (ath. ed. a. 
Y. 'a, 'a). Targ. Ps. XVIII, 9. Targes, XXX, 17; a. fr, 

5<rBi^, v.xnisitaL . ■ ■ 

liJD m. (b. h.; Ill or I'll) compress, Y.,II,6 a 
top 'a nxiBSiB ia3 tA. , .'a rtKU!S if he had made a compress 
out of it, it would have been clean; now that he soaked 
it in oil, is it not the same as if he ha,d made it 'a com-< 

fTT^D m. ch. (v. preced.) an implement for mashing 
olives T &c. Y. Sabb. XVII, 16 b top; Y. Bets. I, 60 c , v, SW, 
— PL inita. Sabb. I23 a , 

tnV2, Kel. XX, 1, v. nwa. 

m,)V2,y, taw, Tata. 

rt^ni^ f- Cm) gutter, spout. B.Bath. II, 5 ^pima 
'31 'art p . . , you must build your wall at. a distance of 
four cubits from your neighbor's spout, so that he can 
put up a ladder (to repair it). lb. 22 b nSSIlBa 'a an ; in- 
clined spout (under whjch people can pass). lb. 5,9 a ,'a 
'paa blB a spout made of masonry. Tosef. Toh,. IX, 15 'art 
'31 hhllB rtnirtlB a spout which an unclean person broke 
apart while it was receiving and discharging liquids; 
a. fr. 

"^D pr. n. pi. Mazi, near Tyre. (v. Hildesh. Beitr.,,p. 27, 
note 192). Y. Dem. II, 22 d top ; Tosef, Sbebi. IV, 7 pita 
ed. Zuck. (Var. Tjla, iita). 

#1)12, Wl)T2> ^rH m. collect, voun (»t, emp. Xtia? 
Syr, pi. Kta, p T .'Sm, 2064)'/}<iJr. Targ.Y. Deut. XXI, 12,-— 
Naz. 39 a '31 'a ijtrt (Bashi ^Jira) does hair grow from 
beneath or from above?— .Meg. 18 a mitaa "|Srta rtlrt was 
busying himself with his hair; B. Hash. 26 b Ms, M. (ed, 
rt^lSlBa). Ned, 50», Snh, 110 a top rtitab rtmns- she 
loosened her hair. lb, W^tiai i-pi tua he cut your tair 
off (shaved you all over). Yeb,116 b tj^ta iinO lQQsenthy 
hair. Ab. Zar. 75 a 'al (filters made) ftf hnmau, hair,— 
[Targ. Is. in, 20S1Oa tailp CpVlp ed,Dag.),Var, '»i&aoabp,. 
Sibata iip, Ar. 'ataip, read: «ita iBailp hair-pins (h,, 
textftilttSp; LXX i(i7rX6xiov ; cmp. LXXEx.XXXV,22.] 

&S n ln, v. SStai. . 


rU n tDlJ f. (ata) mixing the wine, offering drink. 



Sabb, VIII, 1 -tsisn Wa IIS as much nine as is required 
for a cup (of benediction) to be mixed with water. Keth. 
61 a Slain 'a offering the wine cup (by the wife). Tosef. 
Sot. I, 2 &Vin 'a 113 as much time as is required for pre- 
paring a cup of wine; Y. ib. 1, 16 c bot.; Bab, ib. 4 a ; a. fr. 

^SP'lD (S11) frightening demons, Targ. Y. Num. 

yi,.24. 8 ' 

t\TW\12, Talk. Prov. 93S, v. sjait. 

.■^fe],T. ■«!».' 

p* - ]P m. (pta) owe wAo (?oes damage, destroys, wastes. 
Yoma80 b , sq/'ai BIS) ls«i is 'if he eats' (Lev. XXII, 14) 
which excludes him who wastes (by eating excessively).— 
In gen. 'a(rt) the offender that occasioned damage, opp. 
pn the injured claimant. B. Kam.I, 2;— P/.fiip«, 
-ppi-ja. Ib. Ill, 11, v.-pta.— Gen. B. s. 54 TTQ. "ip>ta the 
annoyances of one's house (flies &e.).— Esp. demons. Ber. 
3 a , sq. 'art "iJBa on account of the demons (dwelling in 
ruins). Num. B. s. 12, beg.; a. fr. 

p^'lD, ^^D ch. same, esp. demon. Targ. Cant, VIII, 
3— Kidd. 29 b iiasl ... 'a Sinn nm there was a demon 
dwelling in Abbayi's school house.— PI. i&feyta, 'pp' 1 *?, 
ip-vja. Targ. Job Y, 7. Targ. Ps. LXXXIX* 33 (ed. Lag. 
'lia); a. e.— Hull. 105 b 'a troth dlffla because demons 
frequent there ; a. e. 

5<?}|5* l Jn.f. (v. «^it II) irrigating channel (h. nlsft). 
Targ. T I kings XVIII, 32; 35 (ed. Wil. Strip . ..). Targ. 
II Kings XVIII, 17 ; Targ. Is. VII, 3. * * . 

^j^Tfa, v. spita. ; 

5-1J2 m.(b.h. ;ltt, cmp. Arab. m«M2JZhospitium)(>fetHoM 
of the stars,] constellation of the Zodiac; in gen. planet, 
G-en. B. s, 10 '=1 ISlln lalSIB 'a 11)1 there is a planet that 
finishes its circuit in thirty days .-,, in twelve months &e. 
Ib. 'SI 'a . . . hllta a'"" hslna hSla the Venus passes the 
twelve constellations in ten months, requiring for each 
station twenty five days; a. fr.— P/. flilja. Ib. Ber. 32 b 
■ 'si 'a -IBS b^aii) I have created twelve stations in the • 
heavens, and for each station I have appointed thirty 
legions (of stars), v. SIBba. Tosef. ib. VII (VI), 6 . . nxlin 
[■jll&S] 'an fiSl he who sees the sun, the moon and the 
stars and planets in their original position (at the end 
of a lunisolar period). Sabb. 75 a 'ai TnapPi aim the cal- 
culation of periods and constellations. Gen. B. s. 25 ; Y. Pes. 
I,27 b tbp'S'l'an llBatB si the planets did no service during 
the year of the flood ; a. fr.-'ai d'OSlS ISIS (abbrev. b"lSS) 
idolater, v. ISs, a. niias.— Trnsf. (astrology) constellation 
at one's birth, planet, destiny; guardian angel, angel of 
destiny. Gen, B. s/10 'SI 'a ll TW... . , aii» is -|1 -ps 
there Js not an, herb which has not a planet in heaven 
that: strikes it and says, Grow!— Sabb; .lS'6 a .S!f Ijn.Kl- 

'SI nSIB 'a bllS not the day's planet, hut the constellation 
of the hour (of birth) has influence. Ib. 'SI b^SHa 'a the 
planet (of birth) makes wise/rich &c. Ib. isilTlil %'p& 
Israel is not dependent on nativity; a. v. fr. , 

bjQ, i^JQ ch. 1) same, planet, constellation; tuck'. 
Targ. Y. Num. XXXIII, 45 'a rtt: (h. text hi,). Targ. Y. 
I Gen. XXX, 1 1 . Targ. Koh. IX, 3 ffliS 'a bad luck ; a. fr.— 
Sabb. 53 b , a. fr. 'a nil TflHh Sis man has a guardian angel 
(chance of recovery from a disease fatal to beasts). Taan. 
29 b mlra Th- his luck is shaky (bad), opp. mlta. fciia. 
Koh. B.' to VII, 15, a. e. 'a SUMS, v. SaB; a, v. fr.— PI. 
S^ltta, Snlja. Targ. Y. Num. VII, 84. — Targ. Is. XLVIIj 
13 rtja (constr.; ed. Ven. I nilja h. form). — Targ. Koh. 
..VII, 15. Ib. IX, 2; a. fr.— Sabb.He" Yin tfr^lja (^Ja) 
their guardian angels were present (at the giving of the 
Law).*-2) (MS. alia) fortune, possession. Targ. Ps. CXII, 3. 
Targ. Prpv. VIII,' 18 (ed. Lag. J*iVra, pi.); a. e., v. xllia. 

Stf >JQ, pZ. Xi*l-ta m. (Its) running motion. .Pes. 40 a 
'si W&m aSK Is. Ar. (ed. tfi.iilla; Ms. M. multS; Ms. 
M. 2 a. Ms. 0. m^ltia; v. Babb. D.S. a.l. note) as long as 
the liquids are in motion (boiling), they do not create fer- 
mentation; v. slia, • 

jbjD or jbfQ m.(b.h.; lip [dripper,] fork for taking 
meat mi of the caldron. Kel. XIII, 2-fart iBT) (not nlaia) 
if the forked head of the soup-ladle is broken off, v. 
'plBOiliai'J ; Tosef. ib. B, Mets. Ill, 6.— Sabb. XVII, 2 (122 b ), 
v. t&la. 

mmb^Q, Targ. Y. II Ex. XIV, 25, v. Sttjlw. 

pffiDjlb m. pi. (='Btala, transpos. of Stat, v.'^asitat; 
cmp, SWS 'for S.S5S; as to Bt for fl cmp. KlB&ia,' KIBtlia) 
music, sweet melodies. Targ. Job XXXVI, lY (Ms. SW3; 
h. text biaiSi). — Hebr. constr. iBlaja. Hag. 14 b inn 'a 
nisi the musical entertainments at a wedding (Y. ib. II, 

77 a bot. inn iasl ymsm nam iaa). 

Il/OJQ m. (b.h.; lap song, psalm. Lev. B. s. 10 'an 
'si BIS hlh this psalm (Ps. XCII) was composed by Adam, 
Midr. Till, to Ps. IV; a. fr.— PI. nill'ata, Dilfata, ^"liata. 
Y. Ber. IV, 7 d bot.; Y. Taan. II, 65 c top 'SI 'a n"*> 1333 
corresponding to the eighteen psalms &c. Y, Sabb. XVI, 
15 c ; Treat. Sof'rim ch. XVI, 11 'a . . . nsa one hundred 
and forty seven psalms (Pss. I and II, IX and X, XLII 
and XLIII forming severally one psalm). Lev.B. s.4 nsa 
'SI las 'a.b'Wi (notbilfflSl) one hundred and two psalms . 
had David composed (up to Ps. CIV, counting Ps. I and 
II, Ps. XLII and XLIII severally one psalm, v, Ber.i9 b 
bot., a. Var. in Ms. M. in Babb. D, S. a. 1., a. Yalk. Ps. 
862); a. fr. 

5<"jiD|Z3 ch. same. : Lev.B. s. 34'ai W«SS nllSI and 
sthe entire' contents of the psalm (OIX).— PZ.'pliata. Koh* 
B. to VII, 8 'Si 'a T<laS yfyiK the ones recited" psalms, 
the others alphabetic acrostics; ButhiB. to 111,13; Yalk. 
Koh. 974 S-mafa. . 

M2V2 (Pilp. of tta) to soften: 

Niihpalp. talons to be softened. Hull. 45 b VftSr&a&arb 
11U3 '3 if the spinal cord is a pulpy mass, the animal is unfit, 
if merely is fit for food (Easher). Tosef.ib. 111,1 
DITTO rttataf131B an animal whose brain is softened ; quot- 
ed Hull, 1.0. '31 tatansffl rtana, and corrected into tjabaM. 
lb. (in Chald. diet.) )i?i ftvra '2 this man's brain is 

fiGjfD, Ithpalp. latanss, t">ataM* oh. same. Targ.Y. I Gen. 
XXXIII, 4 ifliBlariKn' which became soft (that they could 
not bite). Targ. job XXVI, 5 "platana softened (decayed 
in the ground). 

"]!GfDjTarg. Prov. V, 19 some ed., read: -(at. 

SO 12)12 m. flat) he who invites; host. Ned. 24 a .— [NSBta, 
pi. C0 T nstr.'l55SlB, v. )tt I.] 


iltfHSfD; 1atl)sw#ers. Targ.IKings 
VII, 50; a. e. 

*jlD|JQ m. (denom. of 'pla ; cmp. fiJIS I ; Hai G. : denom. 
of )l) 'art ilrtan as p?a£e w>i£A »ia»M/ partitions (each of 
which, if separated, may be a receptacle). Kel. XVI, 1. 

! BlDf.(S|t ■p loan. Targ.Y. Deut. XXIII, 20. lb. XXIV, 
10 l&tia (some ed. 'ia). 

^Plpj^jD f - (t)l?P brushing up an animal's hair to give 
it a delusive appearance of fatness. B. Mets. 60 b (expl. 


"y[Q (sec. r. of lilt, "Tit) to twist yarn. Sot. VI, 1 IS 
rtsa5>a Whtia . . . 1&WH1} until the women twisting yarn by 
moonshine talk of her; ib.6 b . Y. ib. VI, beg. 20 d pjfl )S!A 
'31 rYTitia .... ma rYhxia we read mots'roth, some read 
moz'roth; he who reads mots'roth las insa means 'they 
twist wool' ; he who reads moz'roth means, 'they spin flax 
yarn', v. 1ts5.— [rTilla, ni-ltla, v. lit.] 

P«. *ita to weave over, cover with a web. Gen. E.s. 10 
(ref. to ni-ija, Job XXXVIII, 32) mnsn fis itaaffii Kirt Via 
it is the planet that covers the fruits with webs (cmp. 

!"H5D m. (b. h.; nit) winnowing fan. Kel. XIII, 7 ; 
T'bulYoinlV, 6. Tosef kel. B. Bath. VII, 3. SifraB'huck. 
Par. 2, ch, VI; a. e.. 

JTnjQ f. pi. (b. h.) mazzaroth, name of a constellation 
of stars. Gen. E. s. 10, v. "iTa. 

rn$D m. (b.h. ; flip sunrise, East. Men. 110 a lajiBlpa 
'»ibW from. Carthagene eastward. Tarn. 1,3 'art "pi 
in an eastern direction. lb. 4 BOS ill} iiTTrrfj east of the 
bridge. lb. II, 4 rtrtlta facing east. lb. Ill, 2 ; Yoma HI, 1 
'art i>3 ">3S,'v. ite I*— Sabb. 156 b (Chald. diet.) srtiaplai 
'aa tfh and I will place it in the eastern horizon; a. fr. 

. * i rn)T2^m. (preced.) eastern. Tam.VI, 1 'art the eastern- 
most light on the candle-stick; a. fr.— PI. ta^nita. lb, 

'»rVn3.>TO'(Talm. ed.aiiaisa) the 
Gen.E. s. 43, beg. 'a'k) daV the heart of the eastern 
kings (Gen. XIV, 1); Yalk. Is. 311 diimtS (corr. ace.).— 
Fern, rtimta. Tam. IV, 1 tWiSX '» pp the north-eastern 
corner of the altar. Zeb. V, 3; a. ft.— PI. HWlta, Tam. 
Ill, 9 (Talm. ed. nTlltB, Var. frtnsa); a. e. "■■-,■ 

D* iV~ m. pi, Mzarim, name of a constellatipn of 
stars {those scattering the clouds, v." nil). Targ. Job 

. T^ 3 ' 1 

"]~)!!p, "]"jrD m. ("ilK) girth, strap of cloth which is 
wound over the bed to keep the covering in position, 
Maim.; [Hai G. a. Arr. (fr. "ita to spread under) a sort of 
carpet under the mattress ; v., however, Tosef. quot. bel.]. 
— Kel. XIX, 3 '31 KSVrt 'a a piece of the girth hanging 
from the bed. lb. 'a "'"•TO remnants of a torn girth, lb. 4 
'art bsi ... 'jttn was carried (in his bed) by the bed and 
by the girth (the carriers holding the ends of the strap), 
lb. 5, sq.; Tosef.ib. B.Mets. IX, 6. 'S1 12 -j"Da SISniB 'a 
the girth which one ties around the bed. lb. 'pita ed, 
Zuck. (corr. ace.). 

pHJD m. (b.h. ; pli) the bowl out of which the sprink- 
ling is done. Yoma IV, 3 '31 'aa 'blp received the blood 
in the bowl. Num. E. s. 13 rtlffirti IMS 'a the bowl is 
typical of the dry land; a. v. fr. 

plia, KjTlja, '-Pfa ch. 1) same. Targ. 0. Num. 
VII, 13 'la ed^Berl. (Mss. 'IB, "1-1B; Y. Jtp^-ta, pita); a, 
fr.— PI. S^plta, "-p-la. Targ. 0. Ex. XXVli, s'-'plWo' edi 
Berl. (Y. "Vita). Targ. Zech. XIV, 20.— 2) blood-vessel, 
jugular vain.— PL "'pita, ''na, *tw. tte neck with the 
jugular veins. Hull. 93 b ; Pes. 74 b 'T*tB. lb. (used as a 
sing.) '31 S-P3rtri 'a pi (missing in Ms. M.) and so the 
neck-piece, if he cut it &c, 

miD,. Tosef. Men. XI, 2, read: WWsy- 

&iriQ I, SSni2 I, y. ina h. a. ch.- [sna, Targ. is.xix, 
10, Var. ed; Lag. Klna, read: Srta Aer water, v. ^ia.] 

!^riZ3 II f. (WH) sfrofce, p%we. Targ.Ex.VHI, 15.— 
Constr. nria, nna, pZ. "iria, v. xrirta. 

J^riD II m. (preced.) whip. Targ. Nah. Ill, 2. 

i iSSnlQ f. (rtrta) protest to prevent the claim of un* 
disturbed possessio'n (v. rtpth). B, Bath. 38 a , a. e. SblB 'a 
'a iflrt 113S3 a protest (before witnesses) in the absence 
of the usurper is a legal protest (prevents the claim of 
undisturbed possession being recognized). Ib. b ^al "CH.' 
'31 'a what is a legal protest? If he merely says, This 
man is a robber, it is not a legal protest. lb. 39 b , sq. 'a 
'31 ^Xl S^saj 13&3 a protest is valid, if the presence 
of two witnesses, nor is it necessary to say, Write; i. e. 
they may write a document to that eifeot without being 
especially authorized; a. fr. / . r 

: .&OH!?3 I m - (b. h. ; S3rt) hiditiff place in ^ times of livar 
&c. Nidd. IV, 7, Tosef. Yeb. XII, 4; Yeb. *9 a 'aa . . ; 11^ 
gave birth to two children (each ..ti} one; ehUd) in abiding 

place (so that the motherhood of each child could not 
he ascertained). 

iOTTD II, (jStilJia) f. (preced.) a rod with which 
hidden olives are knocked down (Maim.); [the working 
men searching after the hidden olives (other comment.)]. 
Peah VII, 2 'art -pcma (Bart. Kianart ; Ms. M. ^rtrWa) 
from the time the mahdbe is gone; Y. ib. 20 a hot. rt.3^n 
■'art [ed. Ven. SOWl); expl. "d'-Ort HS r\"VWn (v. 13"ffl 2) 
when he lays down the searching rod ; v. next w. 

ainna m ., nsiarja i, irtatpa f . D=«ar» i. 

Keth. 27 a ' ntlK nimha B» ffl 1 ' b!* If there was only one 
hiding place (where the troops did not enter); T. Gitt. 
ill, 45 a top niiana sib rm (read rtfiirt).— PI. s^iarra, 
t^iana, Tliana (b. h. a^'arra). Y. Keth. Ii, 26 d tata ivi, 
'a v. supra.— Men. 63 a (play on nana) sVrt^fanas SWK1 
it atones for the hidden (sinful) thoughts of the heart— Y. 
PeahVII,20 a bot.(expl. 1313 a. rt"01S as a substitute for 
sang II) 'art ns* T*a xinffl (not T«U)a) for it (the rod) 
causes the hidden olives to fall off.— 2) =aqfiall, q. v. 

. V&rtonn n, P i. D^inna m . (homnetic tr ans - 

pos. of 'naa, as if from naj) bursting forth, idle talk. Men. 
63 a (play on nana) rtSrt ''K'ianas JTWl it atones for the 
outbursts of the mouth, "WISS haia ifflSi!* fmtm (Ar. ed. 
Koh. s. v. art2 : tiianaa Kp, prob. to be read irt«iJ nsa Stp) 
as people say 'he blabs'. [Our w. seems to be a corrupt, 
for "Man, formed like 5>iaa, fr. nas.] 

^13112 m..(»an) stick for beating cumin &e. Targ. 
Is. XXVIII, 1 27. 

^inna, frinria, v. xiana. 

W^ffl®, v.a^na. 

5SnD m. (ban) destroyer, esp. (= rf>ah *|»>a) ; wes- . 
senger of injury.— -PJ. d^ana, Ibarra. Num. B. s. 14. Ib. 
s. 20; a. e. 

fcOSfD. ch. same.. Targ.Y. II Ex. IV, 25. 

SSO^lTia m. (preced.) destroyer. Targ. Prov. XVIII, 9; 
XXVIII, '24. ! 

fctF)53lTD f. (ban Pa.) travailing woman. Koh. B. to 
in, 2 Vi Kisisaa -sini. 'a xh -pons ya">& she is called 
m'habbalta (v.V>artl), because she is pledged in the hands 
of death (with ref. to Ex. XXII. 25). Gen. B. s. 60, v. 

riDIia f. (b. h., v. swan)- pan. Men. V, 8 pit 'art 
1I&13 rtV the mahabath has no lid ; 'SI rtSS 'a the m. is 
flat, and what is baked in it is a thick mass (eontrad. to 
ntiflfia); Sifra Vayikra, N'dab., Par. 10, ch. XII; Lev.B. 
s. 3; a.e. 

"1 JnlQ m. OJri) the rope around the neck of the animal 
Med to 'the wagon (Hai G. a. oth.) ; [the pin fastening the 
poke to the pole to prevent the wagon from vacillating 
(being -an), Maim.], Kel. XIV, 4. 

Nj^na m. (v. pxeced.)M'haggra (girdler (?)'6r the lame 
one (?)j. Yeb. 116 a surname of one Ahan bar Hiya of Ne- 
hardea. . . • 

n nna, Targ.Y. II Num. XXXIV, 6, v. Xjina. 

i^na, v. Tip. 
saina, v. wina. 

»i'na m. (3Srt) drawing figures in the air, gesture. 
Ber. 46 b '»3 ITi-ilha. he talks to him by gestures. Hag. 
5 b '31. 'aa trt> lina i«a STi kVi i!Oa5 (differ, in Ms. M., v. 
Babb. D. S. a. I. note) should a man who knows not what 
they indicate to him in gestures hold converse in signs 
before the King? 

*S1T1D, NIFTO f. (Nlrt) indication, sign.- PI. 
Knsilrta snilrta, xnina. Targ! Y. Deut. XXIX, 1. Targ. 
Job X,' 17. '[Targ. Y* Deut. XXIX, 21, read: Stjllrta, v. 

stnnaj ■ 

iSfMITl/D f. (preced.) indication; 'a '*ia the officer 
of a community who indicates the boundaries of properties; 
topographical engineer. B. Bath. 68 a , sq. (Var. in Mss. 
'llrta, 'J^lrta; v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 400). 

-mna, n^na, -mtta, am^na, v. iw, •&. 

I^rilina, v. Kiirra, a. anna. 

iiria m.(b.h.;lin, ttn,cmp.TSjJ.EVOc, templum; Assyr. 
mahaza town, Del. Hebr. Langu. p. 62) harbor, market- 
place (cmp. Ber. 57 a identifying tp3 with Tina, Ps. 0VII, 
30), esp. Mahoz, prob. a coast district. Arakh. Ill, 2; 
Tosef.ib. II, 8 KlirtH; v. nMrt. 

5$pl"ia oh. same, 1) harbor, trading place. Targ. Ps. 
CVIlI 30.— PI. -yiina. Targ.Y. I Num. XXXIV, 6 ifrina 
('ina) its harbors (or trading places; Y. II ."Wia, Tirta, 
corr'. ace). Targ. Lam. II, 19; IV, 1 (h. text rll31rl). Targ. 
O. Num. XXII, 39 irtitina Wlp (h. text man) his city of 
markets. Targ. Job V, 10. — 2) in gen. large town(=1fC>). 
Tarn. 32 b . Sabb. 12 a 'a i» city people, opp. Knibpn "fla. 
Ber. 37 b , opp. iKbpn.— PI. itirta. B. Bath. 73 b .— Esp, pr. 
n. pi. Mahoza, a) a district in Palestine, v. preced. — b) Ma- 
hoza (M'huza), a large Jewish trading town on the Tigris. 
Targ. Esth. VIII, 15(?).— Ber. 59 b . Yoma ll a . Sabb. 95 a ; 
a. v. fr. 

ncStina m. (preced.) 1) belonging to harbors or trad- 
ing places.— PI. Wina. Targ. II Esth- Till, 13.— 2) of 
Mahoza, v. nsstina." 

"'lifia m. (preced. wds.) of Mahoz. Mekh. B'shall.. s. 3 
Abba Jose 'art of Mahoz. 

SSrpJIna f. ch. a woman of Mahoza.— PI. srwina. 
Kidd. T 72 b <a Wa Stt1rt* aBJiab Asheri (ed. 'a Nnns Bashi 
'aa xnns) to marry one of those Mahoza women. 

. il&Otina m. (preced.) of Mahoza. Erub. 57 a ? Yalk. 

Num.787. Sabb. 87 b ; B. Earn. 72 a . Mace. 16 a . Gitt. 85 b ; 
Kidd. 6 b hSTiina.— V. nxjin II. '. . 

""l .FID m. pi. (stin) idolatrous oracles. Targ. Hos. Ill, 4 
(h. text biain). Omp. aiina. 

."^HQ m. (nna) 1) dissolved, watery. Y. Naz. VII, 
56 b , v. inia.— Trnsf. wasted by dissipation. Esth. E. to 
II, 3.-2) blotted out. Yeb. 24 a (ref. to Deut, XXV, 6) B1& 
'a 13115115 0">"it& excluding the eunuch whose name is any- 
how blotted out; Y. ib. IV, 5 e top 'a latOll) nt N£i (not 
lattJ yiKlU). Ib. 'a latoffi hx he whose name would other- 
wise be blotted out. V. nna. 

^TtD, v. iima. 

fcttlfct^llPTH f. pi. =HK!na, protests. B. Bath. 39 b »iirt 
*iina*> T 'a7rt> (Ms. E. xhtnai Ms. H. nxna, v. Eabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note 60) had need to deposit a protest. 

JjlTO I m.(Tjiinil) laughter; obscenity. Sabb.64 a Ms. 
M.; Yalk. Num. 786, v. tplfS. 

?|1na II, fcOlrTC? m. ch. (v. ^ I) #oM hooks over 
the female bosom (h. ial3). Targ. 0. Ex. XXXV, 22 (ed. 
Amstr^tia); Num. XXXI, 50.— Sabb. 64 a 'parnna'l ISiVl 
'a that is the reason why the Biblical la>13 is rendered in 
the Targum with mahokh (obscenity, v. preced.), v. T^rPJ. 
— PL Yttina,- K*3ina. Targ. Y. Ex. 1. c; Targ. Y. I Num. 
1. c. (not KWSina; Y.II SWiSa). 

5inQ m. (b. h.; iin) [circle,'] 1) untitled ground sur- 
rounding the vineyard (between the vines and the fence). 
Kil. IV, 1, sq. d*Dh Wrm; Erub. 3 b . Y. Kil. IV, 29 b top *6l 
■jBp DIS^i 'a nor does the law concerning the planting of 
the mahol apply to a small vineyard. Ib. 'a "ft ffli the law 
does apply to it. Ib. 'an -iuis (prob. to be read tea) it 
has no more the nature of a mahol.— 2) chorus of singers 
and dancers. Taan. 31 a 'a irnias^ to arrange a chorus. 
Yalk. Is. 294, v. nMn II. 

rDiflQ f. (b. h.) as preced. 2. Koh. E. to I, 11, v. 
nMnii.— PI. niVina. Cant. B. to vii, l. 

Dlna, v. Wffa. 

^DlriQ m. CWi) msttft. Targ.Y. Gen. XVI, 5 Wra 
i-iSS i-rWl Ar. (differ, in ed.). 

plriG, priD m. (pn»2) sirifce, aw instrument for 
levelling 'a measure of grain &o. Kel. XVII, 16; Tosef. 
ib. B. Mets. VII, 9 '31 ffiiffl 'ail the strike which has a 
(secret) receptacle for a piece of metal (to increase its 
pressure fraudulently); Koh. E. to IX, 13 pnan. B. Bath. 
89 b ; Yalk. Lev. 618 'SI ttrifl k) 'an )ifflS p!* the strike 
must not be made of gourd, because it is too light &c. 
lb. '31 112 'an nx yw$ V& (Yalk. 1. c. i-TO fem.) you must 
not make the strike thick on one side and thin on the 
other; a. e.— PL Dipina. Y. Yoma I, 38 e bot. Lev. E. s. 21 
Cp3 hti "jnipiha the strikes sent with the measures were 
of silver. . . . \ '. . ■ . 

HlfTQ, TPZD m. (Iin) white, white color. Targ. 0. Lev. 
Xin~3, sq.; a. e. 

n "]inp, Y. Ab. Zar. 1, 39 c , v. l^nia. 

t25iriD, v. ttSiifrra. 

fcttlTlD m.(nn?) going -down, fall.— PI. prflna. Targ. 
Y. Deut. XXVIII, 43. [Sttlina, Targ. Prov. XX, 30 ed. Lag,, 

v. snna.] 
^D^nD, v. »iina, a. srjna. 

fcClTfinD f. (preced. art.) 1) declivity. Targ. Is. XV, 5 ; 
Targ. T Jer. XL VIII, 5 ed. Lag. (ed. Wil. nwa).— 2) alight- 
ing. Lam. E.toli, i nwninas nirvpioa nisi &6 his mount- 
ing was not like his alighting; his mounting was gradual, 
his coming down sudden; Yalk. Hos. 528 hTflnfia. — PI 
•p;ninna. Koh. E. to Xli, 5 'a yon ni« 'pp&a lan ini« are 
there any ascents (on the road), or any declivities?; Lev. 
E. s. 18 yrina. 

WTjhD, v. -t»ra. 

"llTflQ, N")1inD m. (-I1H) cycle. Ber. 59 b n"3 *>3 
'a Tini "p31B Ms. M. (ed. Iim) every twenty eight years 
when the (solar) cycle begins anew.— PL T'lltna. Targ. 
Y. I Gen. I, 14.— [In later Hebrew: .VfiS lima the solar 
cycle of twenty eight years; ynip 'a the lunar cycle of 
nineteen years.— In liturgy : 'nprayerbook forthe festivals:] 

"^UmD m. pi. (used as sing.; preced.) tanuM^ around; 
trnsf. longing (cmp. Sam. hints, Gen. Ill, 16 ; IV, 7). Gen. 
E. s. 26 tonb 'a *ft> "tfT 1 »V mayest thou never long for 
here (home); Yalk. ib. 43 fttfta (corr. ace), 

"'tHQj rT/Q m. pi. (used as sing.; "ijn) appearance. 
Targ."o! Lev. XIII, 3; a. e. (some ed. '»).— With suffix 
%niina, snjna. Ib. 4; ib. 20 (some ed. 'na); a. fr. . 

Tll^flQ. m. (iin) = KSiina, review, revision. Y. Sabb. 
I, 2 d (in a defective sentence) 'al V'K N3""5n 'as on review- 
ing again he said to him &c. 

rVJTlD f. (tiW) glass; (spy-glass?) Mekh.Yithro, Amal., 
s. 2 '31 y>r™ It 'ai with the glass through which the 
kings look ; Yalk. Ex. 270. 

SSrPttlD f. (preced.) 1) mirror.— PI. Nmnna. Targ. 
Is. in^ 23 '(h. text d^lsj). Targ. O. JEx,XXxVlii,8 tTjtna. 
ed. Berl. (oth. ed. n^tna, tmvi).— 2).9hov>. Cant. E.'to 
VII, 1 itabin nihijna 'i'is'is shall be the ad- 
miration of the world. 

MOJITO, Ned. 10 b , read: Wp»a. 


TT\Q, nriD, v. nna, ^na. 

TDlllQ, (tann Ar.) (denom. of next w. ; v.Kel.XlII, 8 
15^ njipPrt) to snuff, trim with a pin. - Bets. 32 b "pallia 
'31 fix you may trim the wick; expl. ib. X31Din "^IIS to 
remove the charred top; Y. ib. IV, 62 c bot.— Sabb. 90 a :; 
Men. 107 a '31 na 'jianiailJ Ar., Eashi a. Ms. M. Men. (ed. 

faXiTm) it was used for trimming the wicks and cleansing 
the snouts of the candlestick.— [nania, v. an\] 

fttHD f. (am I) l) needle, pin. Sabb. VI, 1 twrni 'a 
naipi a mahat without a hole, i. e. a dress or hair-pin; 
ib. 3 hblp5H 'a a needle, lb. I, 3 '=1 ianaa aunn KSi Kb 
the tailor must not go out with his needle near Sabbath 
eve; ib. ll b '31 nainnn 'aa with his needle stuck in his 
garment; Tosef. ib. I, 8. Sabb. XVII, 2 T> tlB 'a a small 
(sewing) needle, dixpd bffl the sack-needle (for loose and 
coarse webs); Kel.XIlI,5. Y.M.Kat.I,80 d bot. 0rl.I,4,v. 
»o ; a. f r.— 2) stitch. Y. B. Kam. X, end,7 c 'a !*ba the length 
of a stitch which those of . . . interpreted to mean dnbS3 
'a ttbaa double the length of a stitch; Bar K. used the 
expression '31 'ail ro"Ca Kba as much as is required for 
making a stitch (carrying the needle), which R. J. inter- 
preted 'an roifflaa (dubss) double &c. ; Bab. ib. 119 b xba 
'a xba3 'aV fim 'a the length of a stitch and besides it 
a thread the length of a stitch (Rashi : the length of a 
needle).— PI. Diana, pana (m.). X. Kidd. I, 58 c hot. ; Y. 
Shebu. VI, beg. 36 d 'a iJli) two needles (or pins). Sabb. 
96 b '31 liTiuna yipTA . . . il&in the embroiderers of curtains 
threw their spools (v. fi!|Wa) one to the other; a. fr. 

JtiatTQ ch. same, 1) needle, pin. Targ.Y. Ex. XXI, 6; 
Deut.XV, 17 (h. text S2la). — 2) stitching. Targ.Y. Ex. 
XXVI, 36, a. fr. 'a IVX stitched embroidery (h. text dpi). 
— Ber. 63 a NHliabni 'a stitching in lines or furrows (quilt- 
ing).— PI. yaha. Y. Yeb.XII, 12 d bot,— Y. Ber.IV,7 d top; 
Y. Taan.IV,67 d/ a T3S making needles.— SParro. Targ.Is. 
Ill, 22 Ar. (ed. tfiana) embroideries (h. text diaiin). 

riD12nj2 f. = naan, chopping. Mace. 8 a diss naana 

felling o T f "trees. 

]iT2niQ m. (Nan II) seducer. Gen. R. s. 52 (play on 
ib lBfia, Gen. XX, 6) T '31 -pxi ib ^iiana thy seducer is in . 
my power, thy inclination which made thee sin &e. 

"^riD delicate,v. iani— iana, Targ. Job 1, 22, v. Knaa. 

fciSDHIQ m., pi. "psana (prob. = ^aana; cmp. Syr. 
xnaana/'saria, P. Sm. 1247) embroidered horse-covers, 
Targ. HEsth.VI, 11. 

NTQnD m. (ian_) striking with the rod, punishment. 
Sabb. T 32 a ivr^ 'a ma Knax arm ujisn (Ar. Var. sraana) 

let the maid continue her rebellion, it will all go under 
one rod (in her hour of need a woman's sins are remem- 

TTD, TltlU ,(rtni2) (b.h.; v. nna) to rub, wipe out; 
to wear out, destroy. [In Talm. mostly pna.] Erub.l3 a ; Sot. 
n,4(17 b )(ref.tonnal, Num.V,23) hinaVblSiB} ana (Mish. 
prtanb) a writing which one can wash off. Gen. B. s. 23 
(play on bKiina, Gen. IV, 18) '31 ijj* ^nia I shall wipe 
them out of the world; a. e.— V. iina. 

Pi. nrpa [to strike out, annuls 1) to protest against. 
B. Bath, 38 b diJlB iJBa ia if he entered a protest against 
the illegitimate occupation of his property in the presence 
of two (v. nsna). Ib. '31 hinab i31 must he protest in 

the occupant's presence? — Keth. ll a nnnia she protested 
against her conversion in childhood. Pes.88 a mnab nblii 
she has the privilege of protesting (declaring her pref* 
erence); a, fr. — 2) (with a or T>3 of the person) to fore- 
warn, interfere, try to prevent. Sabb. 55 b bot. i-Phtt) i:Ba 
'ia !*bl iJSna . . . lb (not liSnb, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) 
it was for Ph. to forewarn Hofni, and he did not. Ib. a 
tana ibapi xb ana mia dxtu (Ms. M. ibap . . . ma) that 
if they warned, them, they would not have heeded them, 
Pes. IV, 8, a. e. dTO ima !*b they did not prohibit their 
doing so; a. fr.— Cant. R. to IV, 12 bs> sima(i) hljan HaS 
'dl yaXS the daughters (in their father's absence) entered 
a protest concerning themselves and gave themselves 
away to husbands (Pesik. B'shalL, p. 82 a , a. e. lpdSn: 

Eif. nnan 1) to dissolve, dilute. Y. Pes. Ill, beg. 29 d 
yann nx 'h if (by boiling) he made a mush of the leavened 
matter (made it unrecognizable). Hull. 120 a ; Yi Maas. Sh. 
II,beg.53 b ,a.e., v. XaS ; a. fr. (interchanging, with nnan).— 
.Tosef. Par. IX (VIII),8 11X3 Irian (not fi«a) if he thawed 
the frozen water by artificial heat.— [Midr. Till, to Ps.VI,7 
nnaai, read n&aal, v. n&a.]— 2) to rub off, cleanse, polish. 
B. Bath. V, 10 VTfibplBa nnaa cleanses his weights. Lev. 

R. s. 7 (play on dwa.Ps.Lxvi, i5)mspa nnaa xmia ma 

like him who wipes a dish (licks the remnants up); Pesik. 
Eth Korb., p. 61 a ; Pesik. E. s.16; a. e.— Pirke d'R. El. ch. 
XVII n^BSa nnaa she produces a sound by rubbing her 
hands (in sympathy with the mourners).— &) (denom. of 
nnaia) to recognize as an authority; in gen. to authorize; 
to appoint. Snh. 23 a anibs dial imnan<a . . . wain ba xb 
he cannot reject a judge whom the majority has recog- 
nized as an authority over them. B. Mets. IX, 12 innan 
'31 bxx if he gave him an order to the storekeeper. Y. 
Pes. VIII, 35 d top 'si nnaa hasn an& ■pnaaa at* if by 
lUSla is meant giving authority (and not merely knowing 
and tolerating), it is tacitly understood that a woman 
makes an appointment as if saying, I will dine with my 
children; if it means merely knowing, then the Mishnah 
(Pes. VIII, 1) means appointment.— [Y. Sabb. XIII, beg. 

I4 a 1111s nnaan ed. Krot., v. nna.] 

Nif. nnas to be dissolved, washed away; to be wiped 
out, destroyed. Y. Pes. Ill, beg. 29 d a cake boiled 'i ixblB 
without being mashed beyond recognition (v. supra). Taan. 
Ill, 8, a. e. '31 nina? dX, whether the stone . . . has been 
washed away, v. ")»*. Tosef. Par. 1. c. tfTiBiJ (fr. nna) 
the water was thawed up. Gen. R. s. 28 . . 'JibiailaSS "*« 
'3 . . even the millstone was washed away. Ib. imaiJ fiaai 
ana and how many of them were destroyed?; a. e. 

TfD, &*riZ3 1, (nriD) ch. same, 1) to dissolve, mash 
(by stirring &c). Pes. 40 b i&ibna nib W NB15 Xai Ms. M. 
(insert !S11ip) for R. himself they made a mush with flour 
of parched grains (v. KbiWl); ed. '31 nb ina..«ai (read 
nib) R. himself had a mush made for himself &c. Ib. 
'ai Klilp naiab Ms. M. (ed. nnaab) to. make a mush &c. 
(corresp. to h. bba).' — V. snia. — 2) to wipe off, blot out. 
Targ. Is. XXV, 8. Targ. Ex" XXXII, 32; a. fr.— 3) to pro-, 
test, v. infra. 

Pa. ina, Af. inax 1) to protest, forewarn, interfere* 

Targ. Koh. Till, 4.— B. Bath.38 a ^Ttab trb ISO^X he ought 
to have entered a protest. lb. 39 b iiina!3 (iinaty, v 
Keth. ll a fciihaa she may protest (against her < 
in childhood).' Y. B. Bath. II, 13 b bot. 'si prroa, v. Kla&a; 
a. e.— lb. ymTa 'TKttA ..."p^H their neighbors' may inhibit 
them. — 2) (denom. of nnaia) to declare approved, to recog- 
nize as efficient. Sabb.' 61 b K135 ^Tixb (Ms. O. a. Rashi 
iiWrafctb) so as to make the man an approved physician ; 'aV 
5>iap to consider the amulet as approved. 

Ithpe. inarms, nanitf, insist 1) to be wiped off; to be 
blotted out. 'Targ. II Kings XXI, 13. Targ. Ps. CIX, 13 
nan 1 ; ed. Lag. (ed. Wil. Tiani). lb. 14; a. fr. — 2) to be 
diluted, dissolved. Pes. 74 b bot. snano ttVn Ms. M. 2 a. 
early eds. (v. Babb.D. S.a. 1. note; edi.KSTana; Ms. M. 1 
arrant, corr. ace.) weak vinegar. Gitt. 69 a nani!K inland 
(some ed. fi for n) it (the liver) is dissolved. — 3) to be 
declared approved (nnaia). Sabb. 1. c. 1*135 '6t the person 
has become an approved physician; 9">ap 'S the amulet 
is considered approved. lb. 61 a snap Kraal X135 xraal IS 
early ed* (later ed. nnolai . . . hnalal, read 'ia ; Ms. 0. 
inamst, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 1) until both, the person 
and the amulet, have been approved; a. e. 

"'mHj SlTID II (preced.) [to diminish, cmp. ns;,] to 
smite, wowncL-Targ.Ex.VII, 20. Targ. II Esth. II, 21 STTibi 
join the serpent will bite him; — Part. Tia,.itina; 
pi. ffm, l^na. lb. XXI, 19 (Y. fcti*na, corr. ace). Targ. 
Is. X, 15. Targ.Y. Gen. Ill, 15; a. e.— Part. pass. pi. -jlTa 
(•jna). Targ. Is. LIII, 4.— B. Bath. 21 a s6 Splsib nirra is 
'31 iHain when thou strikest a child, thou must strike it 
only with a shoe-strap. M. Zat. 17 a Vl1S 153V ifia hinl 
was striking a grown up son. Gen. B. s.41, a. e. max 'pit 
Kjina ifla as soon as thou sayest, 'strike', I shall strike. 
Snh.l09 b '31 Sthhi&tb ifial (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) when 
a person struck his neighbor's wife, and she miscarried 
&c. ; a. fr.— V. xnria. 

Ithpe. inanx to be smitten. Targ. II Sam. XI, 15. Targ. 
Esth. VII, 9irTta> Tiani fc]ipn (Ezra VI, 11) and hanging- 
thereon he shall be flogged (to death). 

"fiD m. (=insa ; ins) stitcher, fine weaver. Targ. O. 
Ex. XXVIII, 32. Targ. II Sam. XXI, 19 (some ed. inia).— 
[Targ. Is. LIX, 5 SiJTa ed. Wil., read fctina, or with ed. 
Lag. T^tna.]— Denom. 

T}U, ^TTQ to interlace, weave. Targ. Is. XIX, 9 ina. 
Targ; II Kings XXIII, 7 T^Ha. Targ. Is. LIX, 5 (v. preced.'). 
— Y. Sabb. VII, 10 c top '31 Kiifia 13 when she interlaces 
(plaits), she is guilty of an act of weaving. Sabb. 148 a ; 
Ber. 24 a ; Pes. 42 a ; Hull. 58 b , v. snTffl. ■— [MTQ, Targ. Is. 
XIX, 10 'a 1MB, some ed., read: Stha, v. iia.] 

Ithpe. ttrai£t£o be interwoven, fastened. Sabb. 58 a xnai 
ti;nHia [ni3] Ms. M. a. Ar. (Ms. O. MlStta inwal, v. Babb. 
D.*S. a. 1. note ; ed. Stnala ma tWal/some ed. nnala, corr. 


s fas 

TVFD, tiyyi2 f. (b. h.; nin) 1) support,. provision. 
Y.Peah III, 17 d bot. 'a lVffli he has left for himself some- 
thing to live on (a permanent source of income). Sifre 
Num. 159; Yalk. Num. 787 'ah mil biplTO markets and 
a provision store (v.— 2) [liealing^ light cicatriz- 

ation. Y.Pes. VII, 34 a bot., expl.mia (Lev. Xin, 24)h!"|iin 
hnun &tbl it is and is not healed up (has only a thin cover- 
ing). Neg. I, 5. Sifra Thazr., Neg., ch. II, Par. 2 ftmna 
&1113 if the half-healed part of it is as large as a bean, 
lb. Par. 5, ch. XI; a. fr. — *3) creatures; tain mna sea- 
animals. Gen. B. s. 7, end; Yalk. ib. 12 din 'a SiSlan he 
who causes the cross-breeding of sea-animals (Tosaf. to 
B. Kam. 55 a quotes : bin nun ^a); Y.Kil. 1, 27 a bot.niin3. 

fcOTia., Y. Snh.VI, 23 c bot., read: &TO, v. StaTl. 

JTTTCI, v. nina. 

fl^riD f. (nna; v. iina) enervation. Num. B. s. 10 (ref. 
to rWrals, Prov. XXXI, 3) '31 mjna . , . mm be on thy 
guard against those things which are (the cause of) the 
enervation of kings. 

fcO^riD, Gen. R. s. 77 -|i0pBia1 'a (Ar. some ed. S&ma), 
a corrupt., prob. for fcAstta a mat (bale) of silk; (Oant. 
B. to III, 6 'oia *si» n^ari). 

sri^nn, pl of «nqo. 
^na, n^na, v. sub 'fena. 

T\Tr\T2 f. 0>ha) pardon. Yoma VII, 1 ; Sot. VII, 7 )>$ 
•)1Sn nWia'the benediction offering praise for forgiveness 
of guilt. Y. B. Kam. VIII, end, 6 C maVlS 'a "ft )">» will 
never be forgiven. Snh. 44 b ; a. fr. 

XI2" i np I m.=h. yiin, a wall of loosely piled stones. 
Targ.WxiII, 10, sq. (ed. Lag. KSma, Eegia Kfflia). 

SS^na II, v. xnsina. 

(l^ina I f. CpTO) striking, wounding. Snh. 91 b (ref. 
to Deut. XXXII, 39) '31 in&O. n&tlSIl 'a na as striking and 
healing refer to the same person, so do death and life 
refer to the same person; Yalk.Deut.946'i2na (corr. ace). 
HSTia II f. (fin I or pstn) 1) division. B.Bath.2 b 
SrihiTsB 'a xaix may I not say, tn'hitsah (ib. I, 1) means a 
division of property 2— Answ. '31 msrfj 121 then it ought 
to have read, 'they agreed to divide'.— 2) partition, wall. 
Ib. 3 a , v. tkf&; a. e.— Esp. (in Sabbath law) a partition 
ten handbreadths high, to mark a space off as private 
ground (inm ITOI). Erub. VIII, 7 '31 rf> 1U5S 3"KN . . nast 
if a canal runs through a (private) court, you must not 
draw water out of it on the Sabbath, unless you made 
at its entrance and its exit a partition &c. ; )tlt\ . . . bni3 
'a dlffla the wall over the channel may serve as a legal 
partition. Ib. 8. Sabb. 101 a , a. fr. mftrl 'a an overhanging 
m'hitsah (not connected with the ground). Erub. 5 a hllp 
"a blffla the beam (across an alley) serves as a legal fiction 
for a m. (as if its broadside were prolonged so as to form 
a partition), v. 153 ; a. v. fr. — 3) divided off space, com- 
partment; (for sacred law) camp, precinct, cmp. nina. 
Num. B. s. 4 bisnsn naina the camp of the priestly di- 
vision. Mace. 20 a , a. e. Vei6 'a the limit (the area of Je- 
rusalem) for consuming (the second tithes) ; BlVpb 'a the 
limit for protecting it (as having once entered the sacred 
precinct). Lev. B. s. 26 insinaa ias 'with me' (I Sam. 


XXVIII, 19.) in my division (in heaven). lb. Iniffll ""Vyw 
^nSf>rTab 033^ I am not permitted to enter thy compart- 
ment. Num. E. s. 20 "jnsirto their compartment. — Gen. 
E. s. 98 (play on PSn,' Gen. XLIX, 23) in:fTra ^S3 his 
camp-fellows (brothers); a. fr. — PZ. niiJirja. Erub. 89 a 'a3 
rYTOisn -when the partitions (between one house and the 
other) are distinguishable on the roof; Num. E. s. 7 13H3 
'a ta^asn the scholars fixed camps (for sacred law) ; Sifre 
Num. 1 'ab tnaan 13a (v. Kel. I, 9); a. fr.— pSTO laws 
concerning partitions for Sabbath purposes, v. supra. 
Erub. 4 a ; Succ. 5 b . 

NrtSTlia ch. same 
[3.— Erub. 89% v. next i 

partition. Targ. Y. Num. XVII, 

btrCrriD (fctTCTnEl) f.same, l) partition, division. 
Erub. T 92 a 'a VrDJial (v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 60) the par- 
titionbetween thetwoareas are distinguishable (v. ns^na). 
Sabb. 101 3 , a. fr. 'a mil!* 115. imagine the partition con- 
tinued downward. Erub. 89 a xniSTia piOK 115 imagine 
the partition continued upward, v. 153; a. fr. — 2) (also 
SSina) compartment, wing, extension (cmp. rVjl&). Targ. 
I Kings VI, 6 (not 'Sirra ; h. text S^, sbx). Targ. Ez. XLI, 5, 
8^ sq. ; a. fr.— PI. KrOPrja, SJSirra. lb. 6, sq. Targ. I Kings 
l.c. lb. 15, sq.; a. fr' 

pT!D, v. pna. 

np^riD f. (pna) 1) rubbing, blotting out. Erub. 13 b 
XV! 'a mil n^HUS its preparation consists in washing (the 
writing) off (Num. V, 23). Y. Sot. II, 18 a bot. nm 'ab is 
intended to be blotted out. Bab. ib. 18 a ; a. e.— 2) scrap- 
ing. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 c bot. '31 nn^n 'a i»a what scraping 
was done in the preparation of the Tabernacle? 

*&trp!lQ f. pi. (pna) a load counted by stricken 
•measures. B. kets. 80 b (oth. opin.: reduced in weight by 
being worm-eaten). 

T)123 m. (b. h. ; ma, cmp. lira) exchange, that which 
is obtained by exchange ; price. Sot. 26 b a.e. MSTt 'a the 
price obtained from selling a harlot.— [Tosef. Mikv. 1, 19 
VVTta ed. Zuck. (missing in ed.) a corrupt, for VFVZl, a 
misplaced gloss to Tvfiaib.] 

SlTHO part. pass. Af. of Tim. 

fctrPflQ f. (irra) «»e6. Pes. 42 a 'a jnn(3) linlsla TDK 
ifttirma wilt thou weave all these things in one web 
(bring under one category)? ; Hull. 58 b insula (corr. ace.) ; 
Ber. 24 a VBTirra Kmna Ms.M. (ed. Stnna,corr. aec.) ; Sabb. 
148 a nWia (v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note). 

Nf)TlD, v. ixrtng. 

:J)10 (sec. verb of Tpnil) to laugh. Shebu.34 b ; Bets. 
14 a , a. e. 'SI nbs tena they laughed at it &c. 

. fcODTCO, Targ. Is. Ill, 22, read Spuria, v. KBrra. 

5)10 (cmp. Ufm) \to blot out, annuQ to remit (a 
debt); to forgive, pardon, to forego, renounce. Keth. 85 b 
bina ibnal lini . . . 13lail if one sells a note of indebted- 

ness to a neighbor, and then remits the debt, 'it stands 
remitted (and the buyer of the note must settle with the 
creditor). Ib. wbria she remitted it. Y. B. Mets. VI, end, 
ll a 'p&SIB onb ibnaffl to whom custom officers remitted 
the fine. Ib. iObfia/iSlbB dfflb we remitted (the fine) for 
this man's sake' (individually). Ber. 12 b b3 Vs lb pbhia 
'31 all his sins are forgiven to him. Ib. 32 a "IS ... . "^i* 
'31 bnb nb&M MnamD I will not leave thee until thou 
forgivest and pardonest &c— Sabb. 30 a '31 bs ib bina for- 
give me that particular sin (the seduction of Bathsheba) ; 
-|b bina thou art forgiven ; a. v. fr.— 11133 bs> 'a to forego 
the honor due to one's self. Kidd. 32 a bina 1113.3 . . 'aUJ ssn 
if a father allows a son to omit the acts of reverence due 
to him, his honor is remitted (the son may avail himself 
of the permission) ; '31 'alii SIM but if a teacher gives per- 
mission &c; a. fr.— Num.B. s. 19 '31 fflBSJ bnian f!W for 
he who is asked to forgive, must not be relentless (v. B. 
Kam. VIII, 7). 

Nif. bna? to be cancelled; to be forgiven, pardoned. 
B. Mets. 17 a ; Gitt. 26 b , a. e. 11135)03 '3 13323 . . . IBttJ on a 
note once given and paid off you cannot raise a loan 
again, because the security which it contains (v. WW) 
has once been cancelled. Yoma 88 a bnaib 'plHS (his sins) 
lie ready to be forgiven. Taan. 7 b '31 ibna? 3"KK unless 
Israel's sins are forgiven. B. Kam. VIII, iffo JK1.11B &"SX 
'31 lb '3 "pS although he pays (the fine for insulting a 
neighbor), he is not forgiven (by the Lord), until he asks 
pardon; a. fr.— V. nWm. 

5)110, 5Y1D ch. same. Keth. 86 a . . . bnairn Vwi 
nribna Asheri (rinWlls . . . rjbmn), v. bin II ch.— Y. ib. 
Xlil, 35 d ib bina Slil he might have remitted my debt. 
Kidd. 32 a nilpib nib bTia=ViiS3 bs bna, v. preced. 

fc6)10, aVflD ch. =next w, cavity. -PI. -ftm, 
'iria. Targ. Y. I Devi XXXII, 18 (Y. Iiybrra, read: '|na; 
v. next w.). Targ. Is. II, 19. 

H^tlO, D^riO f. (b. h.; bbn) canty, cave. Mekh. 
B'shall.,'Amal., T s. 2 let me enter the land pi&p rfbinaa 
by the cave Caesarion (Sifre Num. 135 bbn -pi). Tosef. 
Yeb. XIV, 6 DiJI bttJ 'a an underground fish pond; Yeb. 
121 a ; a. fr.— PI. rYfena, 'ina. Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. I, 11 
'31 nnnii) 'a the underground places under the Temple 
are not sacred area ; Pes. 86 a . Ib.; Tam. 27 b , a. e. sb 'a 
llBlpro the caves under the Temple have not been con- 
secrated. Keth. lll a '31 niBS: 'a underground passages 
are made for them (v. blnb : J). Ib. 'ab .13P xb XattJ per- 
haps he will not be privileged to pass underground. 
Gen. E. s. 96; a. e.— PI. m.Vhrna, l^ria. Pesik.E. s.31. 
Gen. R.s. 1, beg. '31 'a 'a ilttJS BISni man's body is made 
with many channels and cavities; Yalk. Ps. 835. Sifre 
Deut. 319 (play on "|bbna, Deut. XXXII, 18) 'a -[NUJSIB 
'a who made thee full of cavities; Num. E. s. 9, beg. 
'31 lbi* 'a / a..rVB» I built you with many cavities, that 
means the hearts and the kidneys. 
. (15)10 f. (b. h. ; nbn) sickness. Mekh. B'shall.,Vayassa, 
s. 1 (ret to Ex. XV, 26) '31 'a Dna f» d« (!*n) if there is to 
is among them, what healing will they need? 



B. Mets."107 b ; B; Karfi.r92 b ilia Tr 'a 'the sickness' means 
(affection of) the bUe. tl &c,, v. rtbrt. 

rijpivrlQ f. (b.h.'n^na; pbrt) division; separation- 
difference,' dissension, strife, faction. Gen. B. s. 4 pS rtab 
'art rt*13a'. • '..WO why are not the words 'that it was 
good' written about the second day of creation? . . . Be- 
cause 'separation was created thereon (Gen. I, 6); 'a t5S 
'31 WipVlb ■ KVHB if to a separation which was made for 
the .establishment , and settlement of the world, 'that it 
was good' cannot be applied, how much less to a sepa- 
ration which tends to the confusion of the world! Ab. 
V, 17 biaii) btib AtW'a a dissension which is carried on 
for the sake of heaven (of truth, without selfish motives). 
Ber. 37 a 'art p3 . . ..Via IS how long wilt thou put thy 
head between contending parties, i. e. why dost thou de- 
viate from the established rule? lb. 38 b .VOS) 'a3 this 
has been taught under a controversy of opinion. Y. Peah 
I, 16 a .'a ibs3 people who create strife. Y. Snh.1, 19 c top 
'31 'a nnvi s6 rtbrtrta in former days there were no con- 
flicting opinions in Israel (they being settled by the San- 
hedrin); Bab.ib. 88 b '31 'a yarm TO &6 they allowed no 
differences to spread &c; Tosef. ib.VII,l; Tosef . Hag. II, 9 

nipibrta (pi.), b. Bath. w a 'an ivtn bx do not join a 

political faction. Hor.ll b '=l bffl inpibna iDSa(notinipbna) 
on account of the contention of Adoniyah (who claimed 
the. right of succession). lb. Ol' JOS3 'a X31X 13 wher- 
ever there was a contest between claimants, anointing 
was required; a. ir.—Pl. rtipibrta. Sot. 47 b '=1 'a 131 the 
factions in Israel became numerous. Tosef. Snh. 1. c, v. 
supra. Meg. 3 a 'SI 'a 1311 xbffl in order that dissensions 
may not spread &c; a..e. 

. !tf ripi^PlD ch. same, division.— PL ttrtpibrrc. Targ. 
Y.I.Gen. L, 1. 

;' .^briD m. (b. h.;t|brt) sharp knife.— PL 'diBbrta. Y. 
Yoma III, 41 a top (ref. to Ezra I, 9) "pJ'COn lbi< . . 'a ma' 
hdlafim . . means the slaughtering knives. 

f 3HJ3 m., du. bisbrta, pi. ysbha Opbrt, cmp. yibrt) a 
sort of windlass, loops of a rope attached to a heavy slab 
for rolling over plastered roofing &c, v. rtbiasa. Mace. 9 b 
wa isbna Bafflm) is Var. in Ar. s. v. bsna '(ed. lbsia) 
until the- entire ramming machine slips out of his hands 
(opp.;tp ; pbSa the breaking of the rope) ; Y. ib. II, beg. 31 c 
psbrtart bsYiX 1VYHB IS (read b"*™ or liHUSi) until he 
lets go all the loops (expl. =b3rtrt p&B3). Ib. i"l lal ha. 
'art nBiatD3 (not 'Jlsbnart) what B. J. says ('until he drops 
the whole rope') refers to the slipping of the machine; 
Tosef. ib. II, 3 ed. Zuck. Ilia pbsnart Jb bl&HB IS (read: 

'3>rt»rv, . . bwu). m. Kat. I, io (n a ) sb baa ... n« ym 

bisbna3 (Y. ed. D-ftS . . . ; Ms. M. dibsna) you may plaster 
oyer cracks in the roof, or roll them over with a (small) 
roller, using the hands or the feet, but not with the 
windlass, v. Y. ib. 81 a top. — [The. Var. lect. -bxna rests 
upon a popular transposition, as if from frta, Thg inter- 
pretation of bsna by commentators as troivel does not 
fit the context.] , ■ *" 

H" 1 '^ 5HH m. pi., ch. same. M. Kat. 25 b Urtl . . ISrWX 

'ab ed. (Ms. M. Kiibsnab, v. Eabb. D. S. a. I. note 80) tb 
statues became smooth (effaced) and they were used a 
slabs for rolling machines. 

mpbrm, nppna, v . r^T*™. 

nbna p: 

nZJ pr. n. f. (b. h.) Mahalath, name of the mother 
of the queen of demons, v. niJS. Pes. 112 b ; Num. B. s.12. 

JSrfiDrilQ f.(iart) something desirableJreasure.Koh. 
B. to V', lO'rtVllarta liaial who loses a dear object. ; 

"•DtlD,. ^tTO m. Cart) sight, appearance, v. Urtr. 
Targ. Y. Gen. XXIII, 8. Ib. XLI, 21. Targ. Y. Deut. IV, 

6; a. e. . . 

2?lQnD m., .&W?dnD f. (sart) that which is leavened. 
Targ. Ex. XII, 19, sq'. ' 

j^fiiniu m. (fart) a wash-pit containing ordure &c. 
to create fermentation. B. Bath. 19 a . 

ISHD, tXTEttft C^W m.(^nl)a.pileofdebris, 
mound (of a ruined place).' Targ. Is. XVII, 1 'a -[13 a fort- 
ress of debris.— PL pIBrta, 'aim Targ. Ps, CXL, 11.— 

V. Kiartai. 

rU2nJ3 (popular pronunc. Plana), v. PiHrt. 

~r. -:^2 m..(b. h.; rtjrt) camp, esp. the encampment of 
the Israelites in the desert (v. Num. II); transferred to the 
limits of graded sacredness in Jerusalem (v. rtSVja II). 
SifreNum. 1 bxiffli rtirta the camp of the Israelites (from 
the gate of Jerusalem to the Temple mount) ; iUlb 'a the 
camp of the attendants (priests and Levites, from the 
Temple mount to the Temple court); hiibia 'a the camp 
of the Divine Majesty (from the entrance of the court 
and further). Ib. -pIK 'a the camp of the Ark in the desert 
(=!Hlb 'a); Y, Sot. VIII, 22 b hot.; a. fv.—Pl. Pfl'SPja. Sifre 
1. c. 'Jrt 'a IDbffl there are three camps of graded sacred- 
ness (= niavra). 

l^&nQ m. (Wri) mercy. Targ. Is. LXIII, 9. V. Wrt^a. 

rT'DlDHp f.(D6rt II) polish,glaze. Tosef. Kel.B.Mets. 
I, 3 '=1 ^ ihiaiOrta (some ed. 'aiBrt; B, S. to Kel.XI, 4 
Irtaiprt, expl. the steel-edge of an axe) its glaze is of an 
unclean material. 

"fl&na m . (b. b.; I&rt) need. Cant. E. to VII, 2 bsb 
hliDrta lis . . . rtilS to each body according to its need; 
Ber. 29 b . 

J "PniQ ch. (preced.) defect, shortcoming. Targ. Y. 
Num. XI, 23; ,..-.. 

^Sn^ll&na l pi. (preced.) defects (of sight), Bekh. 
44 a sb 'a b3S but mere defective eye-sight does not dis- 
qualify (opp. perfect blindness), lb. pla 'a the disquali- 
fication from defective eye-sight is derived from p^l (Lev. 
XXI, 20).: .--..■ 

- N'Jbnip,' 'a Kim pr.-n. ^l.Matha M'hasia (or Mahseia, 
v. Jer. XXXII, 12), T prob. a suburb of Sura (v. Berl. Beitr. 
z. Geogr., p. 45, sq.). Keth. 4 a . Ber. 17 b 'SI 'a 'a ">3S the 
(gentile) inhabitants of M.M. are obstinate. Kidd. 33 a .' B. 
Kam. 119 b . Snh. 7 b ; Hor. 3 b . 

T&tlD, tlD adv. (Ven) complete measure. Targ. 
I Kings VII, 26 T , a. e. (h. text'^). 

fcVTfehD m. ch.=next vt.—Pl. 'p'YiBrm. Targ. Zeph. 
II, 9 ( T ed. 'Wil.'sisrra) salt-mines. Targ.Ez. XLVII, 11. 

?T]iShH f. (isn) 1) mine. Keth. 79 b Spa i* 'a an 
alum-mine.— 2) product of the mine. Ah. Mar. 33 b (expl. 
"WO i^S) SpS blB'a ibs vessels made of alum crystals. — 
3) (v. iTnlBh II) fruits obtained by digging,, bulbous vege- 
tables. Tosef. Maasr. I, 6 i*lS ^115 'a storaged vegetables 
(someed.^BhapZ.). . ., 

) pMU, a mnemonieal abbreviation for iirrtb penalty 
of death, ttJaih fine of one fifth, 'j'pB. not redeemable, and 
B 1 ^ forbidden to non-priests. Yeb. 73 b . 

n^&nD (or rn&llD) t^ti) afield whichis cleared 
of trees"— PI. tfnsng. ''Tosef. Shebi'. Ill, 18 ed. Zuck. (Var. 


&OT5>ri/2 m. fiSh II) one causing shame. Targ. Prov. 
XIX, T 26.' ' ' 

. THE! (b. h. ; sec. r. of fSM) to split, strike. Pirke d'B. 
El. oh. XXXIV '=1 B^fflYV m.'iftSna.I struck Jerusalem 
on 'the day &c; Yalk. Deut. 916. Snh. 91 b . 

yiTD m. (f2h, v. Jud. V, ll) [distributor, cmp. TpiaJ 
ladle for filling vessels out of the well, or the wine- or 
oil-pit. Par. V, 5 'ah iVn» the sides of a broken ladle. Ab. 
Zar. 74 b ;. T. ib. V, end, 45 b ; Tosef. ib. VIII (IX), 1. Toh. 
X, 7 'a S)Vn h"ih B8 if he emptied the pit by using a ladle 
(to pour into the vessels).— PL pSlm Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. 
VII, 1 5.— [Fl. to Levy Talm. Diet. Ill, 309 a : ytm, fr. ypra 
to stir, cmp. Ps. LXVIII, 24.] 

W£TT2, v. ksttbi. 

D^tlD m. (aXh) tfwarr^, mine. Shebi. Ill, 5. Ib. 6 
'a p*>a rYihB if a stone fence is less than ten handbreadths 
high; it comes under the category of a quarry. Y. ib. 34 c 
■hot. 'SI IJ^Sll) 'a a quarry situated between two estates. 
Ex. B. s. 15 'SI 'ah "pa blessed the quarry from which 
it was hewn. Lev. B. s. 26, end 'SVTOSi 'ah 1i6ovand 
they filled the quarry before him with gold Denars. Esth. 
B. to I, 6 'SI hlh 'ah this (marble) quarry had not been 
revealed to any man before &c. 

— PI. ^SSha. Targ. Jud. Ill, 26 (h. 

. anarch. 

text ffi^BS). 

HSrijQ f. (b. h.; ii^ri) division, half. Shek. VII, 1 'a 
"sb at an equal distance from each. . Hulk 29 a ; Pes. 79 a 'a 
ailS 'a bs half to- half ' (if the nation is equally divided 
n and unclean), we treat it as if the majority 

< p'rfc 

were clean. Hull. 28 b Sl"iS 'a *>S 'a half'tdf the vital organ) 
cut and half uncut is considered as if the larger portion 
were cut. Lev. B. s. 10 'a rittlis haittMn repentanoe effects 
half (the atonement) ; a. fr. 

. bxri^b^rra, "pbxrra, v. ^h*. 
stfb^na f., v. xpi'bsha. 

^b^na,v.H^qa.;'" -';..■■- 

DbSniQ f. (v. rfcph) Wfl«% used for partition, cover- 
ing &c.,' iii gen. mat. Succ. I, 11 EP5p 'a a reed mat. Tosef. 
ib. 1, 10 NS1ITHB Vl2 'a; Succ. 20 a .hS"U) bV 'a a mat of bul- 
rushes. Bets. 36 a 'SI S"S 'a 'pDllB you may spread a mat 
pver.bricks&c; a. fr.— PL tlftSlm Succ. I.e. (expl. niisW) 
"llJaa 'a real mats. Y. ib. II, end, 52 c &WlK nftSha mattings 
of Usha.— Y/Erub. VII, 24 c top nHsim (not ft*b . . .). 
Num. E. s. 21 ni&d'Sha; a. fr. 

^SHiD, »bshn ch. same. Gen. E. s. 33 . . Xah 
'a Nina"., .saw a poor'man wrapped in a mat; "Yalk. Ps. 
727. —PL ■ftsna, KrtSha. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 c top. Y. Ab. 
Zar. Ill, 42 c top 'a xroipiX ySn they covered the statues 
with matting ;Koh.E.toIX,10 [read:] 'a Xnilpi ^ i B K yi&h. 

^"1^2 m. ( = 13Sha, v. 12Sh) trumpeter.— PI. 
S^'TSha! Targ. II Chr. V, 13. [pan'a, part, pi., v. 122h.] 

pri/Q (cmp. hha) 1) to rub out, blot out. Sabb.VII, 2 
'SI a"3> phiah he who rubs out in order to write over 
the erasure.. Sot. 18 a 'SI 'al Ml!* MS SITS if he wrote (the 
adjuration of the Sotah) by writing and washing off letter 
by letter. Ib. 'Si "prk 'iphai and washed them off in one 
cap. Sabb. 75 b hVl1S hWa if he erased one large letter. Ib. 
'Slphiaaiaih hi in this case hewho more severely 
dealt with than he who writes (on the Sabbath);— 
Part. pass. p>lha. Ab. IV, 20 'a ^i erased papyrus (pal- 
impsest).— 2) to scrape, smooth. Sabb. VII, 2 (73 a ) ias>ah 
■iphlahl. . Mish. a.Y. ed. (Bab. iphaahl) he wlio tans its 
skin, and he who scrapes it. Y. ib. 10 c bot. tWBa a^h 
phla is guilty of an act coming under the category of 
scraping. Ib. 10 a hphiah he who planes the beam; a. 
fr.— 3) to level, strike. B. Bath. V, 11 pina 1 ? . . . pihab, v. 
UhS. Sabb. 153 b ; Tosef. ib. I, 17 hfctt) Ipha they made the 
measure (of laws passed) just even (so that anything 
added would make it overflow), opp. mj ; Y. ib. I, 3 e ; a. 
fr.— V. pina. 

: Nif. pha? to be blotted out. Sot. II, 4, v. hha. Ib. 18». 
rb^-Q hphaitt) Blip before the roll (containing the ad- 
juration of the Sotah) has been washed off. B. Bath. 164 a 
Wli p. 'i an erasure of one day's standing, ami TO -p 'a 
an erasure two days old; a. e. 

Pi. pnm to smooth, shave. Sabb. 73 a , v. supra. Y. ib. 
•VII, 10^ top phaa Blffla a^h is guilty of an act coming 
under the category of scraping; a. fr. 

pTyn, p^np ch. same, 1) to blot out, wash off, erase. 
Targ. Num. V,"23'.—B. Bath. 164 a 'SI rrt ptna Sab^ he 
may erase it and -write over it what he may chooser lb. 
iB^rtl piha^l let one erase (some writing) and compare; 

a, fr.— Part. pass. p*rta, f. Kp/Mm Gen. B, s. 65, beg. tvn 
ISaiD nptta K'inV aDii. Sai» 'a '"jinn let this man whose 
name deserves to he blotted out come and marry that 
woman &c; Talk. ib. 112; 113 (not rrptta).— Koh. B. to 
XII, 5 matt) 'a maSS pfilB 0TSK1TI8 Hadrian, his bones 
be ground, his name be blotted out. Esth. E. to 1, 4 ISDISiaS 
'ST 'a pTHU Nebuchadn., he be ground, blotted out &c. — 
2) to strike. Part. pass, as ab. Y. Pes. IV, end, 31 c ; Esth. 
B. l. c, v. Vm. B. Mets. 80 b , v. nnpina. 

Ithpe' pTTahK to be blotted out. Gen. E. s. 28, end 
T^Sl i-naffl pmrP . . lffiJiXS as one says, that man's name 
be blotted out.' 

pnQ m. strike, v. pT'rra, 

ptT2 or pU/Q m. (preced. wds.) erasure, erased spot. 
B.Bath.'l63 b bot.'ari V» T^TST «1h the document itself and 
the signature of witnesses written over an erasure. Ib. 
164 a ; •ppfia. Ib. 161 b OT "p2 'art is all erasures 
written over must be ratified (on the margin). 

ItfplTQ ch, 1) same. B. Bath. 164 a 'SI Kill 'a "ia1 66 
the erasure (written over) of one paper cannot be com- 
pared to that of another paper. Ib. 'a hs . . . SMffiK we 
■witnesses have signed our names over an erasure; a. e. — 
2} papyrus. Meg. 19 a top (explaining 1*0). 

S^plnQ m. (prja 2) stricken, measure. Targ. Y. Lev. 
XIX, 35', o'pp. Strflti'i'ia. 

HflD m. (b. h.; =1hSa; Ttt*) next day, future day. 
; Mekh JBo. 18 'SI TifflSS 'a ffli there'is a w«/W which means 
»<w (the next day), and there is a mahar which means 
some future time; Yalk. Ex. 225.— Ber. 28 a rtrw "<:& 'zb 
'si to-morrow I and you &c. Sot. 48 b VSTK ha . . . TQ bs 
'SI 'ab he who has bread in his basket and says, what 
shall I have to eat to-morrow? &c— Y. Gitt.II, 44 a hot. 
OT -'ai SOrt nW XTrt it makes no difference whether the 
same night or the next day or after some time; a. fr. — 
rnrra f., constr. rnna. Men. 65 b b"Vi 'a nansn 'aa 'the 
morrow of the Sabbath' (Lev. XXIII, 11) means the day 
after the first day of the Festival (Passover). Ib. ISiJt IK 
rYUDNia taw 'rb &6X may it not mean the morrow after 
the regular weekly Sabbath?; a. e. — b'ltYTra day after 
to-morrow. Midr. Till, to Ps.XII OT "t*>S 'aVTand the day 
after to-morrow we shall go &c. 

"lT\12, ^"itlQ ch. same. Targ. Ex. XVII, 9. Targ. 
Prov. xkviI, T l ''a^i; a. fr.— Lev. E. s.34 NSrt ton nb 'zb 
to-morrow she (the soul) is no more here. Y. Gitt, II, 
44 b top "Trial Kina the day after to-morrow ; a. e. 

■ nillltlD (rrh) strings (of meat, fish &c). Tosef. 
Shek. Ill, 10 'a if the meat found was on strings; Y. ib. 
- VII, beg. 50 c 'a TNI bN.— B. Mets. II, 1 OTT blZJ 'a fish on 
strings. Tosef. ib. II, 1 niaTTTp \>V 'a axes strung to- 

:p~)HjG m. Orpin) singe, burn (teound). Targ. Y. Ex. 
XXI, 25,' " ; ' 

D^TO, Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. II, 14, read with R. S. 
toKel.XII, 5: t>~fm. 

niD'HlTDf. (b. h.niB'ina; ttjnri) l)plough. Tosef. Sabb. 
XIV (XV),"i 'a *siB ini the pin of the plough; Y.ib.XVII, 
beg. 16 a . Y. Naz. VII, beg. 55 d 'an tbvt\ &6lB "»"*3 so that 
the plough might not stir them up, B.Mets. IX, 13 ,rW 
DT^a 'art and must give him hack the (pledged) plough 
for the day; a. e. — 2) sirigil. Ib. 113 b KSBS1 'a a silver 
strigil (which, if pledged, the creditor may sell and give 
the debtor a common one); Keth. 68 a KBSST 'a (such a 
luxury as) a silver strigil. 

n^nno pr. n. pi., v. warpa. 
rnnD, v. -n™. 

&tt)"inD, WT 'a pr. n. pi. (Tin) M'hartp d'Tattir 
(the Gave Begion ofY., v. Hildesh. Beitr., p. 25), in Upper 
Galilee. Y. Shehi. VI, 36 c ; Tosef. ib. IV, 11 KTrtrib; Sifre 
Deut. 51 in"'"! rtnttTTrtl ; Yalk. ib. 874 "irV+T SWflria (read 

nSt25nQ f- ( b - fc-; a *) !) thought, plan. Ber. 61 a 
'ST 'aa I^StbttCb it was the original plan to create fee- 
Ed d. 40 a "iTB rtlBTSlD 'a an intention which bears fruit 
(is carried out). Ib. 'ST rtSma rpTB 'a the merit of a good 
intention does the Lord (in rewarding) add to that of a 
good deed; Y. Peah I, 16 b top; a. fr. — 2) troubled mind, 
care, apprehension. Snh. 26 b 'ST r&STa 'a trouble (abou,t 
sustenance) affects the memory even for the words of 
the Law (makes one forget one's learning).— PI. niaiBqa. 
Ib. 1 9 b , v. *>5>S, Ib. 26 b (ref. to Ps. XI, 3) 'ST WT'ailfTO T^K 
if this wicked man's plans be not frustrated, what will 
the righteous man do? 

rQ^nQ f. (b. h.; preced.) design, art.—'Q roj6a> 
productive work (with a direct purpose). Bets. 13 b ; Hag. 
10 b , a. fr. S-mn rtl&K 'a rlS&6a the Torah forbids (on 
the Sabbath) productive work (by Tvhich you affect the 
property of an object, not mere changing of position, 
planless efforts &c). . - : 

NFfltiJrTO ch. (preced.- wds.) 1) plan; art. Targ. Jer. 
XLIX^ 20. Targ. II Chr. XXVI, 15 ; a. fr. — PI. Kliaffiria, 
T,a«Una. Targ. Is. LV, 8, sq. Targ. Ez. XXXVIH, 10 ; I] fr.— 
2) trouble. Erub. 29 b 'a i^DaaT and drive trouble away. 

iDt^riQ m. (^4Jn) darkening, yvm$ ISlBtta dimness 
of eye-sight. Targ.Y. Deut. XXVIII, 65 'aT (not 'ai; h. 

text D^S pte). 

T\T\12, nfia, part. act. a. pass. Af. of nril. 

NDriQ f. (preced.) declivity.— PI. •prm. Lev. E. s, 18, 


^riflD, #r}RT2 f. (iria H) 1) deficiency. Targ, Prov. 
X, 20 (h"text BSaS).— 2) defect. Targ. Cant. IV, 7 (h. text 
Ma).^3) : stroke, plague, slaughter (corresp. to h. riaa; y. 


mo II).— Targ. Josh. X, 10. Targ. Y. Ex. IX, 27 (ed. Amst. 
xnrta). lb, xxili, 25 nna (una), v. sm ; a. fr.— J"?. 
1™> K!;rra. Targ. 0. Deut. XXVIII, 59 (Y. 'pfina);— 
Targ. Y. Lev. XXVI, 18 Xriianxa. — Targ. Pro v. XX, 30 
xrvjrra (ed. Lag. Nniha, Var. "Wrta, corr. ace.); Targ. Y. 
Deut. xxix, 21 Nmina (fr. «wna).— [v. aiina.] 

n?}nD f. (b. h.; nnin) 1) coal-pan. Kel. II, 3 nSHS 'a 
a coal-pan the rims of which are broken off (having a 
flat plate only), opp. ib. 7 rtato) 'a. Yoma V, 1; a. e.— 
2) snuff-dish.~Pl. ninna. Men. 88 b rtWirial ntipto "psi 
133rt la the tongs and the snuff-dishes of the candlestick 
were not made out of the Kikkar of gold; Yalk. Ex. 
369; a. e. 

arfinnn, "pnWD, v. am^m. 

N^ITQ, ^PfTD, v. smnna. 
n^SHflD, v. xmnina. 

JATpFllTlH'f. ch. = h. nfiHa. Targ. 0. Num. XVII, 11 
(Y. Sfjwia)." Targ. II Chr. XXVI, 19; a. fr.— PI. l^ftlTa, 
)Wl?l Sttt^na. Targ. Num. XVI, 6; 17. Ib. XVH,V (Y. 
ed. Amst. SWflna, corr. ace). Targ. Y. ib. 13; a. e. 

fcODHp m. (hrW) declivity. Targ. Josh. VII, 5 (h. text 
TTia) T ; a. e., v. xrwina. 

nnflflQ f. (b. h.; Ihh) breaking in, breach. Snh.VIII, 6 
'31 flYiS ' n a &an he who breaks in is judged (allowed to 
be killed with impunity) on account of what he will do. 
Ib. 72 a ; Yoma 85 b 'al SaSB isw what is the reason of the 
law allowing to kill one breaking in (Ex. XXII, 1)?— Snh. 
72 b '31 1M 'a sbi* ">b -pi* the text speaks only of breaking 
in, whence can it be proven that the thief found on one's 
roof &c. may be killed?— Ib. '31 11 lVnnria his breaking 
in serves the place of forewarning (he knew what he might 
expect). Ib. 103 a (ref. to inni, II Chr. XXXIII, 13, v. S. 
Baer, Liber Chron., p. 126, a. Babb. D.S. to Snh. 1. c.note 
200) '=1 'a pa3 S-I3"pn 1*> TOS the Lord made for him an 
opening in the heaven to receive him &c. ; (Pesik. Shub., 
p. 162 b n^Mn). Midr. Till, to Ps. CXVIII, 'an 'ja.'.Kaa rta 
what has he found in our possession (taken) from the 
place we broke into? Ib.liSJrt 11 'art the place broken into 
is the City (of Jerusalem); a. e. 

!S^1.P)nD ch. same. Targ.O. Ex.XXII, 1 . Targ. II Chr. 
XXXIII. 13' (v. preced.). — Snh. 72 b '31 'aa il*to in«1 to 
I should kill any one that would break into my house, 
except &c— -Ber. 63 a (prov.) i-ip Waril 'a dl&X MM En 
Yaakob (missing in ed. ; Ms.M.2 81S1K1, v. Babb. D. S. a. 
1. note 40) the thief at the entrance of the breach calls 
on the Lord for help.— PI. KrYiPlria. M. Kat.25 b ; Snh. 
109 a (Ms. E. WPina, v. Babb. D.S. a.l. note 50), v. inn. 


NlDi$nQ m. (b. h.; JSiUfcto) broom. Gen. B. s. 79, end, 
v. KJiaa; Y. Meg. II, 73 a bot., v. SO'Vato. 

»n»n»iaq > snn« , [ap,T.«^i«b.. 

S^nSEO m. pi. (v. next w.), 'a-i| (ma), slaughter- 
ing place (in the Temple). Eduy. VIII, 4, a. e.— Kel. XV, 
6; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. V, 7, v. naia. 

ing place (in the Temple). Midd.III, 5 (Mish. ed.S^tTSaa). 
Ab.V, 5 (Strack a. other pointed ed. read D^naaa). 

T'SD'O, ?Siaa c. (SSBH) 1) coin, medal (v. KBpsia). 
B. Kam. 97 a sq. 'ah rttofilsVan to . . . niton if one'loans 
money in a certain coin, and that coin was afterwards 
repealed, '31 KSWl 'a lb "]fVD he must pay him in the 
present legal coin. Ib. b vto ISTOim 'art to . . . niton if 
one loans &c, and the coin was in the meantime made 
larger (heavier), '31 hXSIirt 'a lb )r\U. B. Mets. 45 b , sq., 
v. DiB^a— B. Kam. 1. c. !*"a to) 'a the Abraham medal; 
a. fr.— PI. nisiaaa, nisaaa. B. Mets. n, 2 '3i ni 'a nato) 
three coins heaped upon another, v. tosa. Y. ib. 8 b ntDto) 
'31 to) 'a three coins of three different kings ; a. fr.— Ab. 
d'B. N. ch. XVIII 'a 'a ntos niinn to n©S (v. ed. Schechter 
note 5) he assorted the entire law (like) coins, i. e. system- 
atized. — 2) type (of prayers, documents), formula. Y. Ber. 
V, 9 b '31 to) W'VaBa Uiun Kto) that you do not change 
the formula of a benediction. Ib. bot. 1*1313' 'a 1»1K he 
recites the regular form of the benediction. Ib. VI, 10 b 
bot. '31 'art to rtSffiian to (read la) he who changes the 
formula of prayers which the scholars have fixed. Gitt. 
5 b , a. e. '31 'aa nSlUart to he who changes the formulas 
of documents &c. Y. Meg. Ill, end, 74° ftSiaaa -ppM-i nti)a 
'31 to) Moses introduced as a type of prayer, O God, the 
great &c. ; a. fr. 

89303 ch. same, coin, medal Targ. IIEsth. 111,9 
'a iias' workers in the mint. Targ. Esth. IX, 4 n">saDa 
his medal (h. text iSSHD) ; cmp. NEijia. 

rraa, v. -w?. 

ffl2H3, T\^12 f. (b. h. ; MBJ) couch, bed, frame, bier. 
Ned. vri, 5, v. T afc-w. ib. 56 a , a."fr. inaa n» nsian, v. n&a. 

Ib. b D-tob rflnvvan 'a a bed designated for the exhibit of 
garments (not slept upon); Snh. 20 a . Ber. Ill, 1 'art WIS 
those carrying the bier; to)'a, !*ri>-to 'a, v. n!bS, 
Xtltoto.— Sabb. 47 a , v. "OIBI.— PI. niaa, '"ffl. Ned. 56 a ; T a. 
fr.— Trnsf. family, offspring^ Lev. E. s. 36 intsa Urmia 
na^to) his bed was perfect, his children were all right- 
eous; Sifra B'huck., Par. 2, ch. VIII. Ber. 60 b . Pes. 56 a 
tooB in^aa Vfi . . . . .»att) perhaps there is a blemish in 
my family; a. e. 

ffiSO m. (b. h. ; rtDi) 1) staff. Ab. V, 6 'an the staff 
of Moses. Ex. B. s. 3 la ISIb^PilB 'art the staff with which . 
thou shalt chastise him. Ib. 'the signs which I placed in 
thy hands' (Ex. IV, 21) 'an Sit that means the staff; a. 
fr— 2) tribe. Tosef. B. Hash. Ill (II), 3 'ai 'a to to fflto) 
three notes for each tribe; Y. Suco. V, 55 c . 

rrab, v 

fflED adv. (b. h.; aa fr. HB5, a. n locale) downward, 
(used as a noun) below. Tanh. B'shall. 23 bl» IBS nana 

'a btt) nbsa through the fire from above were his 

wheels below ignited; (Talk. Ex. 235 ^Baba . . . "jbSabaj, v. 
infra). Hag. II, 1 (U b ) 'ab rtai rtbSabVia what is above 
(in heaven) and what is below (in the nether world, Eashi : 
above the Hayoth, below the Hayoth, v. fl^n). Tosef. Ber. 

V, 5 ISaM 'ab lb ifflibia he who is the third in rank re- 
clines below him (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Triclinium); a. fr. — 
Euphem. for nbsa in order to avoid a blasphemous ex- 
pression: B. Earn. 79 b blD ftlM ... 'a bit) )"9 SltBS bl3ia3 
'31 'a he treated, if one may say so, the divine eye as if 
did not see, and the divine ear as if did not hear. — Frequ. 
■)BH. Y. Toma VII, 44 b 'a blB . . . fbSa blB ifffWS as the 
service in heaven, so is that on earth; Lev. B. s. 21, end 
(not Wilffl). Y. E. Hash. II, 58 b 'abllJ 1"3 the court on 
earth; a. fr. 

THTTUI2 f. (IfiB) water pipe of a bath, gutter. Mikv. 

VI, ll'"; Tosef. ib. V, 8. lb. VI, 4 '31 Ob© 'all) ',an when 
the gutter of the bath opens into private ground. — PI. 
niinaa. Tosef. Erub. XI (VIII), 9. 

yffl2 f. (IBS) inclining (the ear &c), favor.— 'a ">5>a to 
asi; a /cwor, %. Targ. Y. Ex. XI, 8. Targ. Ps. LXXII, 
12.— Yoma 87 a (in Hebr. diction.) '31 'a lSpaain he who 
begs his neighbor (to forgive him). — 'aa, StrVlBaa (cmp. 
W3) Ipray. Targ. Y. Gen. XLIII, 20. Targ. Y.'l ib. XLIV, 
18' Targ. Y. Ex. XXXII. 31; a. fr.— Yoma 72 b 13131a 'a3 
I beg of you. Snh. 97 a 13nsa KSiSa 'aa ed. (Ms. M. 'an 
TSiWa); a. fr. 

Sil'Q/D l(b.h.;ii)Js)yam. Midr.Till.toPs.LXXIII,4. 

NTj^lIt?!? f. C1BI) spider. Targ. Job VIII, 14 'a ">a 
(Ms. KtWlBaj spiderweb. 


nbttiop, nb^bta, 'ubm t o^ dpum- 

met, plumb-line, kel." XII, 8 'Blaa Ar. a. Mish. (some ed. 
nibalBa; ed. Dehr. nibaiaa; Talm. ed. hbabiaa); Tosef. 
ib. B. Bath. VII, 12 nibBbaa. Kil. VI, 9 '31 niibn 'a ibi&o 
(Ms. M. 'blaa) as if a plumb-line were suspended on it 
(take the vertical line).— 2) stem with foliage attached to 
a fruit— PI. nibaiaa (cmp. NrYllbaia). Y. Ab. Zar. 1, 39 d 
^ninibaiaaa'pbaiiBaiit pine cones with their attachments 
(so that they can be used for the thyrsus, v. Sm. Ant. s. 
v. Thyrsus). — 3) (cmp. mbaa) a pad or cushion made of 
pieces of cloth. Sabb.V, 3 'a3 baS. X3i xb the camel must 
not be taken out (on the Sabbath) with the pad on his 
back; expl.Y.ib. 7 b bot.,v.ixnsin;s. Bab.ib.54 a niHi5prVaa 
13313 the pad tied only to his tail (hence liable to slide 
down) ; Tosef. ib. IV (V), 3 '31 rribnn 'aa with the pad 
hanging (loosely lying) on his hump to let the air strike 
through; ib. [read :] 13313 lb STfflBpfi 'aa Kin «RSt1i baa 
'31 imanai.— Tam. V, 4 '31 'a fas there was on the top 
of the lid (of the coal pan) a sort of pad (with which to 
handle it). Tosef. Sabb. VI (VII), 1 '31 'a llDlpri he who 

ties a pad to his hip (a superstitious custom). — P^.nibaiaa 
nibabiaa, v. supra. 

^ T l2a,Ber.44 b ,v.v, l? ii. 

blE/Q, b^DD I (bia, bba, v. biaax; cmp. -pa) on ac- 
count of' for the lake of. Targ. Y. I Num. XXV, 8 ywb!* 'a 
on account of these persons. Targ. Ps. XLIV, 27 (h. text 
■|Sab).— -*r 'a because, for. Targ. Ps. I, 6.— !*33in 'a, i3rt 'a 
therefore (h. p bS). Ib. 5. [Ib. 4 S33in 'a ed. Wil., strike 
out 'a, as ed. Lag.]— Ib. XLIX, 15 ; a. fr.— ipibiaa for my 
sake, 'qBblBa for thy sake, &c. Targ. Prov. VIII, 15, sq. 
Ms. (ed.NSX blaa!).— Targ. Ps. CXV, 1 ; a. fr. 

b^tan II (blTSQ i) m. (bba) moving, march(=h. SBa). 
Targ. 0. Deut. X, 11 (ed. Berl. ; aa), v. &»baa II. 

*b ! l'ElJ3lI m.h. (bas) handkerchief.— PI. ^biaa. Yalk. 
Gen. 7; Yalk. Ps. 848 'aai and by waving handkerchiefs 
(for salutation); Gen. R. s. 5; s. 28 pbllSa, yblSa (corr 
ace.).— V. ^biasa. 

bw in, vtym (b^D in, xbmo, *taa) 

m. (bas) 1) weight, burden (h. stisa). Targ. 0. Num. XI, 
11 (ed.Amst. 'a). Targ. ib. IV, 27 (0. ed. Amst. linbaa, 
read: 'baa). [Ib. 24 baiab ed. Berl., biaab ed. Amst.; Y. 
biaab, infin. of bas.] — Targ. Y.I ib. XXV, 8 sbiaa "|a 
through the weight (of the two bodies); a. fr.— Y. Hag. 
I, 77 b top 'a in ... . ■piisna "pirn ^biaa ',1b "psaa -pm 
they (the Bomans) made them carry loads (on the Sab- 
bath), and they (the Jews) arranged it so that each two 
persons should carry one load.— PI )^W3. Targ. Is. XL VI, 
1. — Y. Hag. 1. c— 2) burden of prophecy. Targ. Is. XXI, 1 
Eashi blaa (ed. baa) ; Y. Taan. IV, 69 b top KH3153 31 'a 
a heavy burden of prophecy (charge) against Arabia. 
V. xbaa. 

nb^biaa, v. »*&*». ' ' 

XFITI'DH f. 1) booth, v. NFfebaa.— 2) (with suff. of 
personal pronoun) on account of, v. blaa. 

?P1M2, V.KS1BI. 

H&ISim v. mtvaa. 

^fltaa or !^nn3 m. (fflu I, v. Targ. Y. Gen. XV, 6) 
rebellion, reproach. Targ. Job I, 22 "a iVtd Ar. s. v. na 2 
(ed. ^ana, lan^n, fr. «an II, sinful words ; h. text nb&n). 

aSOWTQO, v. KBrjan.' 

jnlSH m. flna) grinding mill for olives. Ex. E. s. 

!?5?ir]!2Z3 f. (niail; cmp. ninaPs. Li, 8) kidney, loin. 
Gitt. 69^ '3l'niBnaa Sn&t (Ar. ed. Koh. Nnnaa, some ed. 
Snsnaa) on this (his) loin and . . .on the other loin. 

nDn > no]!3,v.trtah.a.«h. 
,Tta3, v. ifeB-tt 

llTDlSia, ('^D) pr.n.^lnBnBa, redupl. of nB3, v. 
K^m) [Chief of the Service,] Mattatron(Mittatron), name 
of the chief of the angels (corresp. to DiaSfJ nil}). Targ. 
Y. I Gen. V, 24 Kan &ns& "in M., the chief recorder.— 
Snh. 38 b (ref. to Ex. XXIV, 1, cmp, Targ. Y. a. 1.) 'SI 'a fit 
that is M. whose name is like that of his master (with 
ref. to Ex. XXIII, 21, cmp. Bashi a. 1.). Hag. 15 a 'aa KIM 
'31 Ms. M. (ed. repeatedly 'in) saw M. to whom permission 
was given to be seated while writing down &c. Ab. Zar. 
3 b 'aa' XaiN hiS>aiN Ms. M. (ed. ">a) if you choose, say it 
was M. (that instructed the children). Lam.B. introd. (B. 
Joh. 1) '31 toil 'a ma M. came and fell upon his face. Sifre 
Deut. 338 [read :] '=1 rt&tna 'a flirt Isax&O with his (Moses') 
finger Metatron pointed out to Moses &c. ; Yalk. ib. 949 
(v. TiBBia). [Gen. B. s. 5, v. niaain.] 

.""laD, WED, tlDU (=h. staa) 1) to stretch, reach; to 
arrive at; to obtain; to happen to. Targ. Gen. XI, 4 (Y. II 
iBaa). Targ. 0. ib. X, 19 (h. text flSKS). Targ. II Kings 
XIX, 26. Targ. Koh. VIII, 14; a. fr.— Targ. Esth. V, 2 
[read:] finib f\aal and it (the scepter) reached her hand 
(v. Meg. 15 b ).— Snh. 109 a '31 iKrtb 'a is when he arrived 
at a certain inn. Keth. 63 a tm& KiBa i= when she came 
near him. Ib. '31 itoa 'a the eve of the Day of Atone- 
ment came. B. Hash. 1 2 b fliaffla fa tool )11W n"K i&N n"K 
'si said B. A. in the name of B. Joh., and they arrived 
in the chain of tradition up to 'in the name of B.J. the 
Galilean' (an editorial gloss). Y. Ber. Ill, 6 a top, a. fr. fHnaa 
&51N an accident (mourning) befell him. Y. PeahVIII, end, 
21 b, ]S rtiflBal and so it happened to him (as hehad wished). 
Ib. 'SI V&ia 'a xVi and he had no chance to dine with him. 
Y. Snh. VI, 23 c ; Y. Hag. II, 77 d bot. &6l tfia iaaa W 
'a wanted to fetch wafer but could not. Ib. 78 a top to 
'SI iaan, v. KJ1T. [Ib. y sl masi iaa to, read: pia Trt to 
'SI let" each of us do &c] Y. Keth. IV, 28 b top firta/aa 
'si laxn "WlV thou hast found that which B .. . said; ib. 
«n?iBa.— Hag. 5 a Kip iKfft 'a is wb,en he came to this 
verse. Snh. 100 a 'SI fl5>3.a IBa is when (in preparing wrap- 
pers for the scrolls) they came to the roll of Esther; a. 
v. fr. — [Hull. 132 a top tlJIBa we or they (the words of 
the text) have reached thee, agree with thee, Bashi; v. 
8MB I.]— 2) (sub. sVlttJia or wait) to be ripe, ready. Hag. 
1. c. 'SI IBan -prt piSll) he left those (figs) which were ripe 
and plucked those which were not. Hull. 112 a fctBO -SlKUm 
the lower portion was ready (roasted). 

Af. iBas to cause to reach; to fetch, bring, offer. [Targ. 
Y. II Gen. XI, 4 iBaa part, pass., v. supra.] Targ. Y. ib. 
XXVII, 25. Targ. 0.' Lev. IX, 12; a. fr— B. Kam. 117 a inn 
pfia iBJMO take it up and hand it over (to the King's 
treasury) in our presence ; 'si '81 Xnn he did take it up 
&c. Ib. 119 b , a. e. nn ninsi iisiBHS (not ilaaX) is leading 
the needle forth and bringing it home one stitch (=h. 
Kiafll "pblrt)? B.Bath. 21 a 'SI )nma #b, v. Xp T «iI. Keth. 
103 b sq. 'SI 'sb iflliBax they took him to Sepphoris 
which lies high. Gen! B. s. 14, beg.; ib. 20 tOK -psmn "|a 

yd? iBaa from your own language I will offer (proof) to 
you; a. fr. 

Ithpe. iBanx to repair to. Targ. 0. Num. XXIII, 15; 
a. fr. 

stoan, v. absiB. 

a&MCM/ptm, no...) m . n,&^ a) «». 

Y. Kil. ix, 32 a top 'a 'pinHDrt shirayin (Mish. ib. IX, 2) is 
silk. Sabb.20 b ,vtito. Y.B. Mets. IV, 9 c bot. 'xb ^nam afP 
gave an earnest money on silk. Lev. B. s. 34 information 
was brought against them 'a , ]inrta...ns that they dealt 
in silks (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Sericum). B. Kam. 11 7 b Sifirt 
'si 'ax ilrtXn one informed (the royal officers) of the silk 
goods of B. A.; a. fr.— PI. 'p&SBO, 'Bin, USSBa, 'pBa. Targ. 
Esth. I, 6 (h. text fifi).— Gen! B. s. 40 aif|i ka« 'an I' am 
willing to pay the duty on silk goods. Y. B. Kam. VI, 
end, 5 C &6a flirt 'a it (the bag) contained silk goods. Gen. 
B. s. 77, v. &6nfl»; Cant. B. to III, 6; a. fr. 

5T2/Q m. (toa) javelin for thrusting. Targ. I Sam. XVII, 
6 (h. text yiYO).— PL xAxsu. Targ. Job XL, 18 Ms. (ed. 
JO tola, Begia Nffitoa; h.'text i>iBa). 

J$5l2Q'm., constr. toa (v. biaaill) imposed destiny, 
burden of prophecy. Targ. Is. XIII, 1 (h. text SttSa). Targ. 
II Kings IX, 25. Targ. Is. XXI, 1 (Kimhi ^Ba, V. Katoa; 
Bashi VlBa); a. fr. 

abon, vbm, v. xtoBa. 

5151213 m. (toa 1) shade, cover. Targ. Y. Num. XIV, 14. 

"]i503 m. (toa, v. toto; cmp. Jer. XXII, 26) exile, 
place ofbanishment. Num. E. s. 7 linina bffl 'a the place 
of exile for those condemned to banishment, Deut. B. s. 
2 ; ib. s. 6, v. nna. 

D"0 151223 f. (diminutive of fiitoa) a small patch.— 
PL niiaitoa, v. rrtaa. 

Stfr^D'DD f. (tos) l) javelin, v. iaa.— 2) thrusting — 
■paax nitoa stoning to death,v. txrfbm. Targ.Y. Ex. XXXI, 

^buTUD m. (baVd) 1) exile, homeless.— PI. K^Btoja. 
Targ. Mic. IV, 6, sq.; Targ. Zeph. Ill, 19 (h. text hsiirtj. 
—2) (mostly pi.) iValsaa, 'aia=next w. Yeb. 99 a 'a snaS 
'SI 'al a slave is chattel, and chattel (in B. Meir's opinion) 
is seizable for widowhood; Keth. 81 b 'SI tib flSinsb 'al 
and chattel is not seizable &c. ; a. fr. 

"j n 5P JB2, 'WD m. pi. (V^a) movable goods, chattel, 
opp. 5>pnp'a immovable property. Kidd. 26 b ; B.Bath. 156 b 
fianfl 'a b VM had a large fortune in movables. B. Mets. 
ll b , v. aJX. Tosef. Kidd. I, 8, sq. B. Mets. IV, 1 yvp 'a to ' 
'si fit all movables (exchanged) buy each other, i. e. tak- 
ing possession by the one gives possession to the other 
party ; a. v. fr. . " ■ r ■ 

&^503, v. K-bBHrt. 

rPblSH, Lam. E. to III, 7, v. rvtysa. 

NtVPjtQD f. (Wa) protection, shade. Targ. 0. Lev. 
XXIII, 43 Ms. (v. Ber'l. Targ. 0. II, p. 87), v. KPttaa. 

ITP 7DZ2 f. (kVb) jpafc/i, 8<«p; Zmwy. Kel. XXVII, 12 
'=1 niB'W'a E]!K even a new piece of that stuff. Y.Meg. I,71 d 
top 'aa "pVlBl and is mended by underlining a patch. Gen. 
E. s. 4, beg. Sipi 'a fUBSi let there be made a lining to 
the firmament (be made stronger). Kel. XXVI, 2 I^S nba 
n^BHM ns (E. S. rrtiBB) if he underlined the bag. Tosef. 
Ohol. XIV, 6 ; Zeb. 94 a ; a. fr.— Trnsf. a strip of land. Lam. 
E. to III, 7 (ref. to "iisa IIS, ib.) 'SI ill) 'a It (not nibaa) 
that means the Samaritan enclave (between Galilee and 
Judaea). —Pl ni^Ba. Ib. introd., end 'a 'a Sims* -pSTH 
they planted the land by strips (not the whole at a time); 
Y.Keth.XII, 35 b top n&1tt» nriirt 'a 'a the land was burn- 
ed up strip-wise; Y. Kil. IX, 32 c ; Pesik. Dibre, p. 114 a ; 
(Talk. Dan. 1066 rYPibaa). Lam. B. introd. (B. Abbahu 3, 
ref. to Ez. XXIV, 6) trtlj IV! 'a 'a they were exiled by 
districts (not all at once); Yalk.Ez. 862.— Dimiri. rvyftaa, 
rvAaa; P l. rvtaftaa, 'baa. Sabb. I25 a 'si ins paia 'a (Ar. 
JV^Ba) strips of less' than three square handbreadths ; 
Succ. 16 a ; B. Bath. 20 a ; a. e. — Yalk. Dan. 1066, v. supra. 

&ObnG, isTDU m. (bba I) shelter, hut, booth. Targ. 
Ps. X/9 (Ms. xb^B?).'— Y. Succ. Ill, beg. 53 e stea r>i^ TOS 
'SI put up a festive booth for himself in the street. — PI. 
X^BB (tf&Ba). Targ. 0. Lev. XXIII, 42 (ed. Amst. n^Ba, 
corr. ace). Targ. II Sam. XI, 11 ; a. fr. 

XlfcbmXnbm f. same. Targ. Is. I, 8. Targ. 
Jon. iV, 5. Targ. Y. Lev'. XXIII, 42 ; a. e. — Constr. rfeaa 
(ns_aa). Targ. 0. ib. 43 rfbaa (Ms. I rvrtaa, III risaa 
pl.). Targ. Is. IV, 6.— Bsp. festive booth, Succah. Succ. 
3 a ^aai xaias Ms. M. (ed. srijiaa, Krtaa,. v. Eabb. D. 
S. a. 1. note) at the entrance of the Succah. Ib. 28 b 'as in 
the Succah, 'aa ^S without the Succah (in the house &c). 
Y.M. Kat. Ill, 82 a 'SI nirfpBa niin if his (the mourner's) 
Succah is small; a. fr.— [Treat. S'mah. ch. XI, end Xffeaa 
Ka"D4 the watchman's hut in the vineyard — a mistaken 
gloss to W*nst, which found its way into the text ; v. 
M. Kat. 27 a , a. T^K.]— Pl. sHbaa, ^aa. Targ. 0. Lev. 
1. c, v. supra. Targ. Gen. XXXIII, 17 (Y.' ^aa). 

&05O2 1 m. javelin, v. baa. 

W ;02 II m. (W>B, ban, cmp. fftBa) journey (h. 38a). 
[Targ.Is.XXI.l ^BaKimhi, v. NVfO.)— Pl. •pabaa, constr. 
"\3bBa. 'Targ. Num! XXXIII, 1 ; a.'fr. 

rPDTDQ f. diminutive of rnfeaa, q. v. 

!tfr$?02 f. (2&B) limping. Keth. 103 b (to Levy who 
was lame) ^K&BaVl "|b 8S"nx do we need thee and thy 
limping (lame remark)? 

rDQlQ, v. rrtaa. 

3 S^titt 

.tSlGOD, 't^Q m. (aaa) iec&we, we of the root -BW. 
Tosef. B. Mets.VI, 18 (ref. to Blai, Ps. XV, 5) 'si nm 'an 
(ed. Zuck. B^IB^aln) we know not in what sense this 'de- 
cline' is meant; Y. ib. V, end, 10 d 'aaiart;' [Yalk. Ps. 665 
'SI Bfepn this yimmot &c.]. 

jIHpIQ m. (b.h. ; laa) secret chamber, treasury; treas- 
ure.— Pi. tMiaaa. Num. B. s. 9 'an "pnb . . . lWinn the 
inhabitants of the city began to put their gold and silver 
in the secret chambers of the fortress; Tanh.Naso5. Lev. 
B. s. 1 'as -jbin he goes (to her) through secret walks 
(of the palace), v. next w. Cant. B. to I, 1, v. toSl; a. e. 

rPDIHTDD f. (preced.) secrecy.— Pl. WDiaaa. Tosef. 
Dem. II, 9 'as . . run (Var. maiaaaa, rpsiiaBaa, corr. ace.) 
if they repent in secret, opp. &WnSS; Ab. Zar.7 a ; Bekh. 
31 a .— Lam. E., in trod. (B. Josh.l)'aS 'pia pnaiS lfl(some 
ed. WPSaaaa) they worshipped idols in secret; Yalk. Ez. 
348.— Gen. E. s. 52 'aa "|Vin he goes to her in secret ; ib. 
s. 74 (v. preced.). Ib. s. 17 'aa nab why did he do it se- 
cretly (while Adam was asleep)?— Pesik. B.s.8 whatever 
a man does 'SI -jfflna 'aa in secret, in the dark or openly; 
Yalk. Prov. 959. Pesik. B. t c. n^JfaaaaiB whatever is 
hidden in the secret chambers (of the heart) ; a. e. ' 

rOlHtSD f. (preced.) treasure in charge. Snh. 100 b 
(quot. fr. Ben Sira) OT15 'a ntlSrtb ha a daughter is to her 
father a false treasure (causing anxiety),— Pl. ntoiaaa. 
Midr. Till, to Ps. OXIX, 17.— V. preced. 

■ JSTi'DGa, v. waaa. 

StfiWratSD, Y. B. Bath. VI, end, 15 c , v. KfYWaa. 

fcHlQUG m. (laa) 1) hiding place. Targ. Is. XXXII, 
14. — 2) hidden object. — Pl. ■■p-yiaaa. Targ. Ob. 6; Targ. 
J'er. XLIX, 10 (some ed. "laaa). 

XPli/Qtan f. (preced.) hiding place, hidden placed 
Targ, "is. XXII, 8 (h. text "pa).— Pl. KIT^iaBa. Targ. 
I Sam. XXIII, 23 (not 'i"iiaaa; h. text diKana). Targ. 
Jud. VI, 2 (not "niaaa; h. text irnnaa). 

0ZO3, Nithpa. Baaah? (contr. of BSaBSa, v. BSa) 
to be crumbled, reduced to atoms. Erub. 80 b , v. BSa Nithpa. 

ODpD ch. (v. aw) to make shaky. Part. pass.f.naaaaa. 
Lam. E.'introd. (B. Han. 2) (expl. niSIa, Prov. XXV,' 19) 
'a bSI a wavering walk; v. Kls^ia. 

fTUtin, v. xsaaa. 

Cl^bOg, v. n^iaaa. ' 

N^P'OEl, N^laiSp m. (Saa) sinking; (with NttlaiB) 
sunset; 'west. Targ. Y. Deut. XI, 30 (ed. Amst. XSapa). Ib. 
XXI, 23 siaaa. Targ.Ps. 0XIII, 3.—PI. psiaaa', psaaa, 
isaaa. Y. R.' Hash. II, end, 58 b psiaaa Y^ (corr. ace.) 
•fourteen, sunsets. Gen. E. s. 63 '=1 Kali "Wtoa tt> Ar.(ed. 



3^1275 m. (b. h.; 5B3) plantation. Y. Kil. IV, beg. 29 a 
^YlS d"lD Saaa XS1I5 60(11 provided it was originally a large 
vine plantation. Lev. E. s. 25 rrbnn 'as S&K Ipbsnn «Tj 
as the first thing be engaged in nothing but planting; 

T\VW2, TlVlSQt 1) same. Gen. E. s. 15, beg.; Midr. 
Till, to Ps. CIV, 16 insaa. •jWSffiH they (the cedars) shall 
enjoy their transplantation. Gen. E. s. 30 WETS tTSDa 
plantation of vineyards. Cant. E. to II, 3 DID ill) nSBa3 
(prob. nistsas pi.) like the rows of plants in a vineyard. 
Midr. SamI oh. XXVIII SMH piria ?|nsaa whence is thy 
origin? — 2) cultivated state, opp. pniri. Y. Kil. IV, end, 
29 c inSBaa nrv)i more than when it is cultivated. Midr. 
Sam. oh. XXV '31 nsspS lTrtl nsaa -rutin rp™ he saw his 
(Saul's) plantation out down (his descendants put to death, 
v. II Sam. ch. XXI), and did not worry about it &c. ; Talk. 
Ps. 765 Visa (corr. aec). 

aD^S^a, nri . . . f. (D5B) exhilarating effect of 
the wine. Y. Gitt. Ill, end, 45 b 'a Kin Dlffla (the distinc- 
tion between yfr and )BMia is made) on account of its 
effect; Y. B. Bath. VI, end, 15 c 'Slaaa (corr. ace). 

CVylQO ^ pyo) [leading astray,'] prostitute. Targ. 
Lev. XXI, 7 (some e'd. Was). Targ. Y. I Gen. XXXIV, 31 
8i;SB».— PI, v. next w* 

NH 1 S'I2H f. same. Targ. Y. Gen. XXXVIII, 21, sq. 
Targ. T Y.*Deut. XXin, 19.— PI. -Nfirsaa. Targ. Y. Num. 
XXIV, 14. Targ. Y. Gen. XLIL 9 (not'i?aa). lb. 12 niiSBO 
constr. (not '?..). 

S^D^IQDf. (BSB) savory, refreshing. Targ.Hab.1,16 
(h. text rmins). 

TV2VUI2m. (preced.) refreshment. Y. Snh.II,20 c bot. 
SiaSBS irV"K (corr. ace.) bring refreshment (for the mour- 
ner)— [which may also mean good cheer, whence the 
reply: 'send and get Menahem &c.']. 

n Z29n2, Gen. E. s. 63, v. XSaaa. 

nn'Q^nQ f. ch.=next w. Y. Ned. VIII, beg. 40 d ton 
'31 'a the partaking of food for the sake of tasting requires 
no benediction, nor is it subject to laws about robbery &c. 

DDI5T2D f. (d?B) tasimy. Ber. 14 a M3"Q nsisa mix 'a, 
v. preced. 

iiriSLjD f. (b. h.; fi&BlI) towel, apron (for wiping 
moist hands) ; in gen. bandage, wrap. Tosef. Hag. Ill, 2 
iWlBBa his apron; Hag. II, 7. Kel.XXIV, 14 dill *sffl ('a) 
towel', di-lBO bffl bands for scrolls; -pan ilB bands around 
shrouds; ili 133 1^33 blBl and the wraps of the musical 
instruments of the Levites (Maim.); (oth. vers. "pon iU3 

'31 "i^aa bands used for tying up the instruments &c). lb. 
XXVIII, 5 'a rttOBSIB ri&3 a bag of a bolster which was 
changed into a plain sheet; a. fr.— PL nfrlBUO. lb. XXIV, 
14 '31 "jn 'a fflbfiJ there are three kinds of mitpakoth, v. 
supra. Snh. 100 a (in Chald. diet.) 13 dnSd nillBaa i3pna 
'31 iS"i Ms. M. were fitting up wraps for the boo'ks in the 
house of &c. Kil. IX, 3 ; a. fr. 

5$ri"^£02 f. pi. (iBB II, cmp. S)BSa) drippings. Lam. 
E. to I, 1 iron (TWQ nn V) 'a B ,a from the nature of the 

UpHQ, Dj?OQ, v. orb. 

$0]Xjn silk, v. toDaa. 

TDQ m. (b. h.; nna to drip; cmp. Tib) rain. Taan.6 b 
(ref. to nBHFl, Am. IV, 7) 'a Dipa Win it" will be a place 
where the rain will stand (in pools). lb. 9 a TTIi ViSBS 'a 
rain is sent for the sake of aa individual ; a. fr. 

~I02, Hif. niaaln (b. h. ; denom. of preced.) to let rain. 
Tanh. ed. Bub., B'shall. 20 '31 maaa irpin I let rain 
bread &c. 

. Targ. Y. Gen. II, 5. Targ. 

1UD ch., Af. n 

O. ib. XIX, 24. 

fcODD, fcnp"^ ch - = h - " | "^- Tar g- °- Ge °- IL 5 - 

Targ/jo'b XXXVII, 11 (h. text iniNO ; a. v. fr.— Sabb. 65 b ; 

Bekh. 55 ms XSnsaS 'a that rain fell in the "West 

(Palestine), the Euphrates is the great witness (when the 
Euphrates rises, it indicates that Palestine has had rain). 
Taan. 6 a '31 rto>3 'a, v. J&S3;— P/.^inaa/ia. Targ.Y. 
Gen. XIX, 24. Targ. Ps. LXV,10 Ms. (ed. sing.).— Taan.9 b 
sirtiinaia inpffia their rains are faithless (the signs of rain 
are deceptive). ["pnaa, paia womb, v. "pnaia.] 


rnilDD m. (nna; cmp. Arab, wiitrad, hasta brevis) the 
hunter's spear. Targ.Y. II Gen. XXXVL39 (play on Tiaa, 
ib.) '31 'as 15& mm tX-Ql ('Rashi' to Gen. E. s. 83 quotes: 
sTnaas dVisb mm xnina ansa, read: 'as Tsfc) a (busy) 
man, for all his life-time he worked with the hunting 
spear; Y. I Xmnn&SI 'as with hunting spear and with 
net; Targ. I Chr. I, 50 WVnndSl KWinaaa. 

WlTEM, HDiTCQlQ f.(matrona) wa*ro»,&%(mostly 
used of Eoman women of quality). Gen. E. s. 41, beg., a. 
e., v. liQiaMB. Ib. s. 52 'a ilSlUS he raised her to the rank 
of a lady (who is protected from the gaze of men, v. 
HD3II). Ex. E. s. 44 '31 'a ("1X1BS1 . . . m>B3 he took her 
for wife and made her a lady and gave her a chain &c. 
Gen. E. s. 4; a. fr.— Pi. ni3inaa, nwinaa, v. next w. 

D^iTDD f. (preced.) lady-like. Ex. E. s. 3 tins nhSID 
'a a maid, 'opp. nn»13 a negress (slave). In gen. lady. 
Num. E. s.16 (not KrYOTiaa); a. e.— PI. niisinaa. Y.Ned. 
Ill, end, 38 b '=i rviisnaa mttft ^Ba (not iJttjb) this is^to 
be compared to two ladies meeting one another (in car- 

riages). Ex. B. s. 19 riiall niiiiaa WIS ed. Wil. (oth. ed. 
Tfn . . .) two ladies apparently of equal rank. Sifre Dent. 
317 (ref. to Deut. XXXII, 14 'with the fat of &c.) 'a "ibl* 
bfibVi this alludes to their (the Roman) ladies (living in 
luxury); a. fr. 

^ri^illtSD oh. same. Hull. 105 b . Ned. 50 a bot. "pi 
'a and (he heeame rich) through a business affair with 
a matron (v. comment.). Kidd. 40 a ; a. e.— PI. ani?i-iaa. 
Targ. Esth. II, 14 (not'l? . . . ; h. text tallica). TargVlI Chr. 
XXXV, 25 (h. text rvhlSI). 

P^DITEQQ f. (jxrjTpoTroXt?) metropolis,capital ; city. 
Meg. 6 a Sisba'blB "a SiniS-llB . . . H&p 11 that is Caesarea . . 
for she became the residence of (the Roman) governors ; 
Lam. R. to I, 5 [read :] 'a )ftap nHUSD (strike out pbiBimi) 
Caesarea became &c. Gen. R. s. 92 '31 Sirvn 'BIBa it was 
a metropolis and you say, 'they returned to the town'! ; 
a. fr.— [Gen. It. s. 42, v. SibiBi-lPlibX.] 

SDDTltoD, v. K&siaa. 

THOSm. (TIB) /iwmeZ. Tosef. Kel. B.Mets.III, 12 
'31 'p&:mj''a (ed. Znck. TlBaiB) a funnel which is broken 
into or the pipe of which is off. 

"]"HIQ23 womb, v. 'pain. 
I^B^Itan, v. ^iaiiaa. 
mX^TDD, Sifre Deut. 204, v. ytrttfWO. 

rrOTan, v. mmaa. 

^SlTDDm^KS'iBl, leaf.— PI. constr. iSlaa. Targ. 
Y. Gem'lII,'7. 

"pb"B"7QEI, v. ^bisi-iaa.— [Midi-. Till, to Ps. xxxvi, 

v. oiasibipp.] 

yutTiUD, Tosef. Ohol. XVIII, 13, v. TibBIBiB. 

NbBTBD/lS 1 ^ m. (DB1B, Pales of tfia) dfe&t marr- 
ed for collection by seizure; 'ab bpi» to #e£ owe's <Zwe, io 
6e punished. Pes. 57 b . . . lawrb rrtpiosn K5ani -pia 
'=1 iTflia ni&BIBiab . . blessed be the Lord who caused 
Issachar ... to receive his due at his (the king's) hand in 
this world; (Ms. M. KSBliaab... 'lUibnibplBI; Yalk.Lev. 
469 mOBIBiab ISttHBi fl^pffll, read: -DlBlTUb) ; Ker. 28 b 

i-n&B-iaaV 'fflib i-pbpiDi. Yeb. i05 b ni&s-iaab ian n^pai 
Rabbi received his due (it served him right). Snh. 21 a 
TOBIBiab bD^a nrffpUJ Michal received her due. 

IS J2"31QH m. (pia I) goad, whip. Yoma 23 a (expl. VTtra) 
'=1 iS^aVsiiBp 'a Ar. (ed. omit KHap) a plaited whip 
of the Arabs the head (sting) of which is taken off. lb. 
77a 'ai swtoa StaVil Ar. a. Ms. M. 2 (Ms. M. 1 'al; ed. 
KpBlal, corr. ace.) perhaps yaAe/ (II Sam. XV, 30>,means 
without horse and whip? 

JtfFnlHQ, '123, fcOtelDf. (ias) 1) (=h. niaiiia, laife, 

niiattJSt:) service, post, watch, guard. Targ. 0. Num. Ill, 36 
IBa, v. IBSa. Targ. Is. XXI, 8. Targ. II Kings XI, 5. Targ. 
I Ohr. XVIII, 17. Targ. 0. Deut. XVIII, 8 the division on 
duty (h. text lilSaa). Targ. Ex. XIV, 24 (Bxt. ffilaa; h. 
text mains).— 'a tva prison. Targ. Gen. XLIL17; 19; a. 
fr.— Lam. R. introd. (R. Abba 2)'a ion the chief of the city 
guard.— Pi smaa, xnsnaa, isnaa, ynaa. Targ. 1 Chr. 
IX, 22. Targ. II Kings XI, 18. Targ. Ps.'lXIII, 7 (ed.Wil. 
sing.; h. text Mlam); a. e— V. •jiiaaa.— 2) safe, leather 
bag.~Pl. XrilBa.amiBa. Ab.Zar.lO b 'aa ..rri 1111) mn 
'31 (Rashi in early eds/sn^Kaa, SttflJtaa, v. Rabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note 80) he sent him gold dust in bags and wheat on 
top. Keth. 110 a ib nab 'a 131BF1 why change bags (of 
equal weight from one side of the animal to the other)?, 
i. e. let the two accounts balance each other. 

"Q I, -ia, -ia from, of; because, v. -a. 

12 II h. (b.h.) 1) who?; which?; he who. M.Kat, 
16 b '31 Slip ia nan Ms. M. (ed. omit ilKI) see who calls 
thee outside. Keth. 64 b ia nst -DltB fa which hires which?, 
i. e. which (of the two) hires and which is hired ? B. Bath. 
IX, 1 'DYriaia i» he who (if one) died and left &c. lb. 
VI, 7 '31 "pi i-inVlll} ia he through whose field there is a 
public passage. lb. 6 '31 ItiJ lb 1BHB ■'a he who has a 
garden &c. ; a. v. fr.— (Chald.) Ab. Zar. 41 b Hibaai "ian fa 
Ms. M. (ed. flbaai) who can say (how do we know) that 
he cancelled it? — 2) [who will?,'] Oh that! Sot. V, 2, a. 
e. '31 rttti fa, v. nh. Pes. 49 b '31 iYTl lb )ff> fa Oh that 
I had a scholar before me, and I would &c. ; a. fr. — 3) [is 
there any?; in gen. introducing a question:] is there?, does 
he? &c. Sabb. 31 a bbrt 1S3 ia does Hillel live here? Hull. 
33 a '31 ilia X3iK ia is there anything which is permitted 

&c. Ber. 34 a top, v. tttvnan. Hull. 32 b '3i spasa ia ina 
how is it? can the first cut be combined with the second 
to effect &c? Naz. 32 b ■piniYft mn ia . . . ibiJK if one had 
come .... would you have vowed? lb. i|"ffli&6 "pSTn ia 
did they know when? lb. '31 ina 'pSIi ia did they know 
on what day?— Pes. 14 b a. fr. lal ia (sub. Xilb tXn) is 
there an analogy between the two cases?; v. WI; a. 
v. fr. 

""Q, " l " l D«ote<»;v.i«a. 

*V2 water, v. aia. 

!^^D ch. pi. water, v. -pa. 

'JWD m. Cjsjsa) a woman's protest against a marriage 
contracted during her minority, annulment of marriage. 
Yeb. XIII, 4 'a 1Hi< BS a divorce issued after annulment 
(her husband having remarried her after annulment and 
then divorced her); BS IflX 'a annulment following divorce 
(having divorced and remarried her during minority). 
lb. 108 a ; Tosef. ib. XIII, 1 'a 1S"0 (IrttiS) in what way 
is miun performed? Ib. fita Vm 'a -|i 'jix there can be 
no surer protest than this; a. v. fr.— Pi. aiSWa, "|i?Wia. 
, Ib. 'a i-iBtB (Yeb. lO? 1 * ^ISia B3) letters of protest. Yeb. 
108 a nimia "|!i ft hHUIlip her betrothal (to another 
man) serves as a declaration of protest. Snh. I, 3 ; a. fr. 

.WUDQ, (&WD) m. (bsa) repulsivent 

aversion.— 'n nana, v. nspla. Y. Maas. Sh. II, 53 b bot. ; 
Y. Sabb. XIV, 14 c ton t3Wa it is a nauseous manipulation 
(and therefore forbidden on the Sabbath, v. nxpsia). 

StfW&OD, 51D^D ch. same. Y. Maas. Sh. II, 53 b 
bot. ; Y. Sabb. XIV, 14 c ' 'a iniiSS ">M;a what is the prac- 
tical difference between them? It lies in the applicability 
of the Sabbath law concerning repulsive things, v. preced. 

DlQ&TD, Lam. R. to III, 13 Ar., v. &iala. 

Ntftfn, y. K*a. 

)tWT2, v.r^a. 

IpD, v. -*la. 

im T .is. 

y^TU, Y. Sabb. VI, 8 b bot., v. tntla. 

"HJTD, Targ. Y. Ex. XV, 19 some ed., read: i^STa, v. 

SGTD, fcO^H (b. h.) pr. n. pi. Medeba, a town on 
the Eastern side of Jordan. Mikv. XII, 1. 

""TH, ^TQ m. (cmp. of *, -* a. )v or ista) 1) [what- 
ever it may be,] something, anything. Targ. Job VI, 6 (sec. 
vers.). Targ. II Esth. I, 9.— Gitt. 56 b '31 'a Wia ij>s ask 
something of me that I may grant thee. Hor. 13 b . .xabi 1 ! 
'a SttWH 13 JOT*.. (Ms. M. Xrtia) is perhaps something 
(a conspiracy against me) going on at college? Snh. 38 a 
'a Kbl "ilaxp TIM !*bl and they did not speak at all., Gitt. 
14 a 'a sbl ,-pai 12)5 !*bl there was no surplus whatever in 
his account. Sabb. 62 b 'a sbl nib laK xbl and he said 
nothing to him (did not object). lb. '31 fTO hitfT 'a b3 
whatever is connected with enjoyment. Erub. 103 b 1W 
'a fctb and there is nothing more to be said against it; a. v. 
fr.— Gen. E. s.91 X&3al iTTaa )h ^SB . . . IX (ed.Wil. THaS; 
read : ilTaa) if we find that he argues with us about an 
affair of custom; Yalk. ib. 148 tf&saa "iTroS (corr. ace.).— 
2) (cmp.. ia a. Qlbs) [is there?] will he, will it? is it? &c. 

Ab. Zar. 53 b "iVttl 'linia 'a will the war of Joshua 

come up again?; a. fr.— Shebu. 20 b , a. fr. SWK 'a is this 
an argument?, v. Ki'l&jt. — "K mm 'a something which 
can be placed by the side of, because it is analogous 
to. Nidd. 3 a '31 nfflSintt Slim 'a because it is like the 
sensation of &c. Hull. 19 a ; a. fr.— [Not to be confounded 
with "H^a out of the power of, v. T\] 

■ bTD, .vbVD, v.^a, ab^a.' ■- • 

D J^D m. (="1^23, with enclitic a for Sta) anything. 
Targ. Prov. XXVII, 7 Tntrt 'a to (ed. Lag. KnVT>"Rn ; Ms. 
tma, corr. ace.) anything however bitter. 

■VqTFa, v. toa^a. 


StfSTQ, fllTD (contr. of i» or )-a a. Sin, nih) [i«7ja«- 
ever it be, be it as it may,] however, at all events. B. Kam. .. 
ro6 b i^a iiis t& isn 'a anion Ms. m. (ed. ^is* xb 'a xntan) 

now, however, you see, he has not confessed. B. Mets. 
84 b '31 «b -pa Vni 'a mini in knowledge, at all events, 
(even according to thy own admission)he was thy superior, 
(though) I do not know (cannot judge). Sabb. 125 a ills 
'31 'a ib do at least admit that &c, v. inx. Nidd. 6 b ijnp 
'31 mi33 'a at all events it says 'loaves of T'rumah' ; a. 
v. fr. [Not to be confounded with sttjo from this, v. sfti.] 

WT2 (preced.] [be it as it may,] but. Snh. 39 a unb 
'31 IS!* 'a Ms. M. (ed, omit 'a) very well; but we &o. Ib.; 
Ab. Zar. 10 b W'S... laia thou spokest well, but (there 
is a law that) he who defeats the King &c; a. fr. — [Ib. 
41 a }>ift 'a Kin, read with Ms. M. im?.] 

")!TD = inja. Targ. I Sam. XXV, 34; 36, a. e. ed. 
Lag., v. in?. 

nnn v .^a. 

DD'TQ (not Q...) m. (|xai0U(Aa<;, S., majuma) May- 
day; largess (to soldiers); a kind of mock sea-fight (in 
Home). Tanh., ed. Bub., Sh'mini 8; Num. E. s. 10 13311) b3 
'31 'a lb h%n . . . each tribe had its own May-day. Midr. 
Till, to Ps. XVIII, 13 [read as in ed. Bub.:] ^bin Xinit!31 
lbtl) 'ab but when he (the King) goes out to celebrate his 
majuma; Yalk. Sam. 160 (Pesik. E. s. 21 Wn&b; Ex. E. s. 
29 n-liaiSlI; Sifre Num. 102 tnbtt)b).-[PJ. niXOalDa. Lev. 
E. s. 5 Ms. M. (ed. nil*i&ai1).] 

StSl^a (ailji) 1) (adv.) seated, in a sitting position, 
opp. lalSa. Shebu. 38 b , v. TBlSa. M. Kat. 20 b v al "Olii* 
Sip he recalled to mind that he had rent his garment 
while seated ; a. fr.— 2) sedate, collected, v. aiBi. 

flTQ f. pi. (homiletically=nisa) hundreds, (at least) 
two hundred. Num. E. s. 13 (play on niiaaip, Lev. XXVI, 
13) 'a blS naip a height of hundreds (Tanh. B'resh. 6; 
ed. Bub. 18 naxnsa). Num.E. l. c. binaa rWa nsa nip 
(not S)lp) kom (=naip) is one hundred cubits, meyoth is 
two hundred (which combined makes three hundred); 
Gen. E. s. 12; Tanh. 1. c. 


.„ mpa,y.n^a. 

.. ^}' 1 D, v. JPTO. 

Xiyn, Pirn, xgwn, v. SU b -.«?. 

NtT 1 ^ m. (fipa, v. "TO I) stirred flour in a dish, paste. 
Sabb. 37 b — Ber. 37' b Ar. a. Ms. M. margin (ed. KHaip). 

1! HTQ m. (rtna) l) cleansing. Pes. VI, 1 raip 'a the 
cleansing of its towels, expl. ib. 68 a .^2) (=. nxna) protest , 
declaration. lb. 88 a 'ai 'a -|*s )*& there can Ve'.no more 
distinct manifestation of will than this. 

WITH m. (bin) ^race. Targ. Y. Gen. XXXIII, 11. 
Targ. Y. II ib. XLIV, 21 "TO bl'na my gracious look. 

"l^TTO m. (tiin II) 1) apprehension, doubt. Kidd. 5 b 
'a S-rtl '(XD fK in this case there is no room for any doubt. 
— 2) indisposition, ailment. Sabb. ll a 115N1 'a &6l 'a to 
any ailment, only no headache. Tern. 16 a ; Mekh.Yithro, 
Amal., s.2.— PI. T^ima, TO. Ned. 41 a l»snn it»na (those 
suffering from) headache. 

^tTD, Targ Job I, 22, v. 
SOITH, Gen. E. s. 77 Ar. sc 


e ed., v. StViTia. 

m. (Dan) «esse£ /or heating ivater, boiler for 
mixing wine. Sabb. Ill, 5 'SI lhJi&lB 'an, expl. ib. 41 a , sq. 
■pan BTa.liaa ftJiBtB 'an a boiler which was emptied of 
its hot water; (oth. explan.) 'Si inji&B 'art a boiler which 
has been removed from the stove ; Y. ib. Ill, beg. 5 C "rash 
'an nx when he has removed the boiler. Pes. VII, 13 'an 
5»2aX3 the boiler for mixing the wine is placed between 
the two parties. Kel. XIV, 1 ; Tosef. ib. B. Mete. IV, 1 'an 
■psto top^> "'IS a boiler (when defective) is susceptible of 
nncleanness as long as it can be used for keeping coins 


■ Ht^n m., constr. aaTa (b. h.; aa 1 ;) the choice of. B. 
Kam.7 a (ref. to Ex. XXII, 4) pVV \>W liVlB 'a it means the 
highest assessment of damage of the property of the 
jured party ; p^la bti Witt) 'a the best property of the 
injurer is held responsible for the damage. Ib. iTW 'pH 'a 
!>6 Wins must he pay only in the best value (as property, 
cash &c.) and in no other stock? Ib. b Sin 'a ">^a to all 
movable objects are payment in good value (must 1 
cepted) ; a. fr. 

&QI3' 1 D ch. same; 'as. btoj to pay the highest a 
ment "and in best value. B. Mets. IX, 3 ; Y.Keth. IV, 29 a 
top, a. e. (formula of a farmer's contract) 'aa d^UJfct I 
promise to pay indemnity in full and best value. 

niSPD, v. htn. 

lORWD, v. warn. 

Ttoa,'Ea m .(metator) 

(v. Sm. Ant. s. v.Castra) officer sent in advance of persons 
of high ranh, or of troops, to lay put the camp or to ar- 
range quarters; quartermaster. Tanh. Ki Thissa 35 (ref. 
to Ex. XIII, 21) 'a WTOl-ft "£>m *0K I went in advance of 
them as a metator. Y'lamd. to Deut. II, 31, quot. in Ar. 
'31 'a hlUW'b T«9' i3l* I will be the metator even of an 
uncircumcised person (ref. to Is. XLV, 2). Gen. E. s. 5 lblp 
Ol nfflai IIBiBia JHSS5 . . . 'Eashi' (ed. ITIBBTQ, corr. ace.) 
the voice of the Lord was the metator for Moses, when 
he said to him, Rise &c. (Deut. XXXII.49) ; ib. d^afi to'a 
the metator for the waters (assigning to them their courses, 
paving their roads &c.) ; Midr. Till, to Ps.XCIII TIBBa STfl 
bmtb ed. Bub. (ed. IBIBa, corr. ace.).— [Sifre Deut. 338 
nU5a!= 'jllBBa n"3pn ^il ISSSSS quot. in Sachs Beitr. 
I, p. 108, read : llBBa; v., however, 'jilBBa.] — PI. ■p-liBBia. 
Y'lamd. Balak, quot. in Ar.'pBBTa (Tanh. Balak lCpmtoj). 

a WM, T(qjni2, v. ttbSDa. 

bWD, v.ViBalll. 

•babmi, ybabm?, v. SU b -^a, ^. 

mXpn, v. Biaaa. .. 

anms, v. x :1 b. 

THIDTO f. (|J.^xpa, (J.Y)Tp>], accus.) womb, uterus. Pesik. 
Zakh., p. 23 a nto} 'a -jnh he severed her womb (in birth) ; 
Tanh. Ki Thetse 4 ed. Bub. (ed. ytrr®, coit. ace); Yalk. 
Ps. 868 'pBiaS "jSn (corr. ace). Gen. E. s. 47, a. e. 1pi» 
'a owary (Yeb. 84 b iVl hTa), v. sbs ; Pesik. E. s. 42 yiBa; 
a. fr. 

»in, v. r.o. 

D^Q 1 ^, Gen. E. s. 45, beg. Ar., v. ban. 

TO ^D, Kl/Q ('"a) m. pi. oh.=h. t^a, «**»-. 
Targ.'o. Gen. XXVI^19 (Y. iia). Targ. Gen. I, 2; a. fr.— 
Constr. Ta, lata Targ. 0. Ex. XV, 19. Ib.VII, 19; a. fr.— 
Targ. 0. Deut. XXIX, 10 Hfi ed. Berl; (Var. ?^a, Tpa, 
v. Berl. Targ. 0. II, p. 58) 'thy water.— Hull. 105 b SOa 

isina, v. nsona. Gen. R. s. 70 'ai 'a xnsi&ix having 

added water, you must add flour, i. e. having added to 
my objections, you are so much the more bound to find 
a solution. Hull. 97 b "Wal 'a water in which eggs have 
been boiled ; a. v. fr. . 

Kj5i3!n, apjwn, aj?|in, v. S ub ^. 

121D m. mayish, name of a tr 
p. 250) 'a taK iree wfA /rMifs likt 

Vayikra, N'dab., Par. 

, Celtis (v. Low Pfl., 

iyrtle-berries'. Sifra 

, ch. VI; Tosef. Men. IX, 14; Tarn. 

29 b .— PI. yttjTja fruits of the mayish. Gen. B. s. 72, beg. 
(expl. diXW).' 

. KBS^E, v. K*a. 

ipra, - 

. i*ra. 

biO^/D pr. n. (b. h.) Michael, name of an angel. Targ. 
Job XXV,' 2 (sec. vers.). Targ. Ps. 0XXXVIL7; a. e.— 
Hag. 12 b irOSl IIBM 'a M., the great chief; Men. 110 a . Y. 
Ber. IX, 13 a bot. one in distress '31 'th fctf> nilS" 1 »V cries 
not to M.nor to Gabriel, but &c— Num. B. s. 2; Pesik. B. 
s. 46 'a -nn V>K3 pSO -paa ia Michael is a combination 
of mi (Ex. XV, 11) and kael (Deut. XXXIII, 2,6);' a. fr. 

nD n D I (b. h.) pr. n. m. Micah, 1) M., the owner of 
an idolatrous temple (Jud. XVII). Esth. B. to III, 7 bte 
'a; Snh. 103 b 'a te) lte>S the image put up by M.; ib. V»S 
'a te>B the smoke rising from the sacrifices to the image 

&c— Ib. ioi b , v. Tjasa. shebu. 35 b im^a mail) te 

all divine names meafioned in connection with M. (Jud. 
1. c.) are profane "(not names of the Lord). Pes. 117 a lte^S 
'31 isaa lalS 'a te with Micah's image at Bekhi, the Is- 
raelites should have sungthe.Hallel? — Ex.B.s.41; — 
2) M., the prophet. Lev. B. s. 10 '31 'a fiN TnnteM sent 
M. and they smote him. Mace. 24 a '31 'jliasni 'a 83 M. 
came and based all the laws of the To^ah on three prin- 

nD'H II f. (?pa) decline, reduction to poverty. B. 
Mets. 114 a yblSa 'a 'a naa Ta can an. analogy between 
assessments of vowed values and assessments in cases of 
indebtedness be based on the use of the root -?|*0 (Lev. 
XXVII, 8 a: XXV, 35)? 

^FD^D {. (tea I) fodd, meal. Targ. Prpv. XXIII, 3. 
Ib. ivl 17 (ed. Lag. a.' oth. Titera); a. e. 

&6^0,v. K te3a. 

bO^Q pr. n.f. (b.h.) Michal, daughter of Saul and wife 
of David'. Tosef. Sot.XI, 15 ; Snh.l9 b . Ib. 21 a . Midr. Sam. 
ch. XXV; a. e.— Brub. 96 a iffltt na 'a daughter of Saul(?), 
v. comment. 

bD^D, ^bD" 1 ^ I m. (texl) 1) food. Targ.Lev.XI, 34. 
Targ. Jud. XIV, 14; a. e.— Pes. lU^te'va, v. nhB. Succ. 
29 a ; 4-8 a 'a iJNa eating vessels, dishes, opp. to drinking 
vessels. — 2) (infin. of tes) eating. Gen. B. s. 19 n^aa 
when eating thereof; a. fr. 

!$bp" l D II, ribD^D c. (tea II, tea) 1) measure. Targ. 
Y. I Lev. XXVI, 43 T (il !*tea).--2) (y. rtwa, Xl-tesa) system 
of laws, treatise, tract. Y.Shebi. X, end, 39^ iSrVi IBS "ia 
'31 'a Kin a man that has studied one tract and" comes 
to a place where they honor him for two tracts, is bound 
to tell them Q3n X3X 'a Kin SSN I know only one tract; 
Y. Mace. II, end, 32 a . — PI. ^STa. Targ. Y. Num. Xlli; 33, 
jpaj'O 'a bad manners (cmp.Yi'na).— Y. Mace. 1. c. 'a 'pn 

(not Sltaia). Yalk. Koh. 971 ^aa ina, read ^tea or iVoQj 
v. xtesa. 


XfflbOTQ f. = teia, /bod. Targ. Prov. XXXI, 14 (ed. 
Wil. a. oth. 'ia). 

XSuD^Q same, v. »ft>tt"ia. 


fct&DTQ, v. msq. [Snh. 44 b 'a sroa, read:- Xb3ia.] 

5"D m. (an adapt, of mille, sub. passuum) 1) miUmile) 
= 2000 cubits. Yqma VI, 4 'a teb rtanai nsaiU seven and 
a half Bis for each mile. Y. Shebi. VI, 36 c top 'a a"i 
bK1tt)i nsna3. twelve mil, corresponding to the encamp- 
ment of the Israelites (ref. to Num. XXXIII, 8); a. fr.— 
PI. ptea. Tosef. Yoma IV (III), 13. Yoma VI, 8; a. fr — 
2) milestone.— PL as ab. Yalk. Deut. 907 rVh xte nte&a 
'a fia a road on which there were no milestones. 

v. ins.— PI. ^Wl. Targ. 
. — [Y.Snh. X, 28 c bot. 


I ch. same. Hull, l: 
Y. Ex. XIV, 22. .Ib. XVII, 8; 

stea, v. &6ia II.] 

isTU I, (^b^D II) f. ch. (v. ntea) 1) a lock of wool, 
woolly substance. Nidd. 17 a saiViB 'a cotton, Bashi (oth. 
opin. : lock of clean and soft wool). — ; 2) fine, wool; a cloak 
of fine wool. Targ. O. Gen. XLIX, 11 'a 'a (ed. Berl. 'a 'a; 
Var. ntea ntea ; ntea Ntea) all woolen. Targ. Hos. II, 7; 
a. e— [Tosef. Sabb. V (VI), 14, v. nteah.] 

isTU II (a Ohald". adapt, of h. "tea, v. te), with pref. 
'Ha of itself. Targ. II Esth.VI, 1 WpteBa (=^rPte»a; some 
ed. DiT^Ha) of themselves.— Yoma 42 b mVd niDIBn te 
'aa SaiBai 5>aU)a I'm araia Saffla in that section (Num. 
XIX) there are texts intimating an exception from a 
preceding intimation, and texts independent of preceding 
or following intimations. Sabb. 140 b 'aa «3TliO and the 
length comes of itself, v. 6O718. B. Mets. 16 a 'aa mow 
S^h an inheritance comes of itself (without an effort on 
the part of the recipient) ; a. fr. 

SSTQ I, r? n Q, TlTU f. a species of oak from which 
the gall-nut is collected (quercus infectoria), or the acorns 
of which are used as tanning material (quercus aegilops 
or Oak of Bashan) [not ash-tree], Midd. Ill, 7 nisinia 
'a te) (some ed. ntea, Maim, ntea) beams of Milla ; Erub. 
3» Ms. M. (ed. ntea) ; Ley. B. s. 17, beg.— [Tosef. Shebi. 
V, 3 ntea ite leaves of the Millath (prob. used for steep- 
ing in wine or oil). Ib. (missing in ed. Zuck.) Kba 1pis> 
the real Millath-nut (?).]— PI. )•&&. Ib. VII, 11 ; Y. ib. IX, 
38 d bot.; Pes. 53 a 'a tnti ipt) an indication of high- 
lands is the growth of Miila-trees.r— 'a 15 a solution of 
acorns; also a solution of gall-nuts, Gitt. 19 a (y. y&K) 
'a ^a iai te 'a ia fJKtt) (Ar. 'a V'S) for a tanned ink wiil 
not take on a tanned hide. Y. ib. II, 44 b top: when one 
desires to write a secret letter to his friend, To3 ana Kin 
'31 tepal itti :'a he writes with a solution of gall-nut, 


ft*n ■ 

icipient of the letter pours o 
ties on the 'writing. 

>r it untanned ink 

SVb II, $bn, (tl\l2) c. (=h. n^aj tea II) word, 
command; (cmp. "en) thing, object, affair, subject &c. 
Targ. Y. Gen. XLI, l¥. Targ.Y. Deut. XXVII, 26.— Targ. 
Y. Gen. XVIII, 2; a. fr.— Y. Sabb. XIX, beg. 16 d flVvo te 
iTtfisa every subject in its proper place (not digressing); 
Y.Erub. VI, end, 24 a j6a'l s&a te'(not S&ai). Lev. B.s. 
24; Y. Yeb. II, 3 d SB'ft 'a something bad (euphem, for 
pollution); a. fr.— PZ. -fina, K^a, te">a, '^a. Targ.Y. Gen. 
XVIII, 2. Targ. Jud. XXI, 13'; a.*. — Hull. 139 b tela!* 
'a &W3H said Hanina to me, These are (idle) words; 'a 
'aa !*aij< sVx "!"& you cannot mean that this is an "un- 
truth? But say, it was done through words (of charm, 
v. Kriftta); Ab. Zar. 38 b — Ned. 22 a rtaiSI 'a (Ar. hailSI) 
things (actions) of an abandoned woman. Gitt. 29 a , a. 
e. -'SI- pOaa xb 'a words cannot be transferred to a 
deputy, i. e. an order authorizing somebody is not trans- 
ferable; ib. 71 b '=1 p&aa 'a an order is transferable. B. 
Bath. 77 a '31 'aa 'al lrflis 'a nwis letters (documents) 
are words (symbols of value) and words cannot be taken 
possession of by means of words (by a document of as- 
signment, but the original document must be handed 
over) ; a. v. fr.— Erub. 2 a mVia 'pffliSS'T M31& (corrected 
in Ms. M. rtrfsia) fSuccah (Succ. I, 1) about which much 
is said (several disqualifications stated) ; iffiHSO xte iiaa 
h^Ta Mabuy (Erub. I, 1) about which not much is said 
(only one disqualification is mentioned) ; Succ. 2 a J131S 
Kiteia iffliBSl Ms. M. 2 (Ms. M. 1 rttea, ed. Bri^a); : »Vi 
niV^a b-sj (sing.).— itea iif\ ton, 'a iJrtaa (abbrev. a"na) 
whence is it proved? Hull. 140 a . Ib. 24 b ; a. v. fr.— "'Sri 
">y>a, v.)n.— OTaWa divine, religious affairs. Keth.l05 b ; 
a. fr.— fctttesi 'a secular, trivial affairs. Sabb. 82 a ;— 
[For other combinations see the respective determinants.] 
—V. Nf&fl?. 

IX^Q, #~f?"!J2 f. ch.=next vr.-Pl. SBn^a, "?a. 
Targ. T "S\ if Ex. I,' 15 some ed., v. KPnV;. 

TTt^2 f. (b. h.; ite) midwife. Ex. E. s. 1 first 'a "Oi 
'31 'a fftiix does a midwife not need a midwife to deliver 
her?— PI. nillbTa. Ib. 'art Til ial and who were the mid- 
wives (Ex.Iji5); a. e. 

UTU I oale, v. J&ral. 

fiT'D II Wo", tttjy, v. fiki a. K^all. 

TI"Q f. (^a) circumcision, circumcised membrum. 
Sabb. 130 a 'art te . . . . fllll the government decreed a 
prohibition against circumcision. Ib. XIX, 2 "Oia te ftt)l9 
'31 'a you may do on the Sabbath whatever is necessary 
in connection with circumcision (of a child on his eighth 
day). Ib. 24 b , a. fr. fliaia 6&1B 'a a circumcision not tak- 
ing place on the eighth day. Ib. 118 b ibttJ 'aa at my 
membrum; Y. Meg. I, 72 b bot. inteaa; a. v. fr!— [Targ. 
Cant. Ill, 8 'a'STOWl the seal of the covenant of. circum- 
cision.]— PI. niVvo. Y. Sabb.XIX, 17 a '31 'a iSffli pia from 
this (himmol yimmol, Gen. XVII, 13, lammuloth, Ex. IV, 

26) we learn that the act of circumcision is a complicated 
one, one that of cutting &c. 

Hr\y' t Q, v.^Sctq, a. itffca. 

TDl^D m. (aba) saving, delivery. Pes. 118 a nifflBJ 'a 
'31 the delivery of the souls of the righteous from Ge- 
henna (ref. to Ps. CXVI, 4). 

fcODlDlTD, 'T2V12 m. pl.((i.sXiT(o(Aia,a denom. of 
(i.EXiTU)[j.a, not otherwise recorded) sweet-cakes, confection. 
Gen. E. s. 48. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 C bot. fiaiitea rtex }» P ,a 
(corr. ace, a. strike out ^a) dealing in confection. Yalk. 
Num.777 flTotalsa Wo; Pesik. E. s. 16 delate} (corr. ace. ; 
Pesik. Eth. Korb., p. 58 a tftip ipTS). 

""1 ? n Q, '?Q m. (s&a) filling, drawing water. Par. VII, 2 
'aa rioiS fi366afl. labor during the act of filling makes 
the water unfit (for the sprinkling ceremony). Tosef. ib. 
IV (III), 11. Y. Succ. IV, 54 c bot. bttfc yn&na SfTiffl -pE 
Jfifl the water must be drawn especially for the purpose 
of libation on the Festival. Bab.ib.54 a d^an 'atepspltl VSK 
'31 on the" Sabbath (during the festival of Succoth) the 
horn is not blown at drawing water for the altar ; a. e.— 
V. Itffea. 

b^O, Nb^a, '?>D m. (tea) spew*. Targ. 0. Ex. 
IV, 10. Targ. Is. VI, 4; a.'fr. 

Stf&lTD m. (Pales of tea; cmp. Kitelri fr. bin) space, 
area. B. Bath.67 a "cm ^U) 'a (Ms.O.hb&a.Ma.B.fWiVvo; 
Ms. F. bKlVra, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. notes 60 ; 70) the area of 
the court (not the buildings around it, corresp. to "V 1 !^), — 
[.PI. S^Sfc-va, v. Sbi^a.] 

^rnTD f. pi. (tea; cmp. Syr. Sniba P. Sm. 2127) 
[pitchers,1 name of aw aquatic plant bearing beans. Y. 
Kil. I, 27 a top (expl. MSio, q. v.). 

•Xrfyijg, v.xrta. 

. wnnb'ft, Tva&in, v. ^aiai^a. 

"'TQ, Pesik. Bahod., p. 107 b ; Yalk. Ex.286; Yalk. Ps. 
796, v. 1^3, a. i"Ha.. 

^D, nb^D 'D, read: 

!STD* 1 5" I Q m. pl.([j.£Xt(xifjXa, melimela) honey-apples, 
must-apples. Y. Maasr. 1, 49 a top 'a ijrisin melimela apples ; 
Tosef. ib. I, 1 rtbai ia (corr. ace). 

D n *T1" l b" i a, Pesik. E.s.21, read: ■yns'jV^, orl^^^a. 

'p*'12, Sabb. 150 a Ar., v. t]|a. 

tfTQvdFQ, wobTa, ^^b^a, ^n^nsb^a, 

v. ^ba, 'aia. ' ' ' ' .''■'' 

yTU m, (teal) irofcew down.— PI. ^te/a. Snh. 66 a , 
v. teaW.' 

»b^H, v. Ktea. 


ib^Q m. (!xsXav,To) black pigment, i«A:.-P;.') ,1 i^a..Gen;. 


K, s. 1 '31 "patent 'a ito) carry this, 'pen and' ink' £6* my 
son; Yalk. Num.766 . p'Ta^pl platoa (oorr. ace); Y'lamd. 
to Num. XXIII, 9 quot. in Ar. pabpl ^a. 

"O^D f; (jxsXav6<;,^ S.=[*iXa«, jjiXaiva) dark-colored, 
Y.A*b. T Zar. I, 39 c top, v. fjtymk.— [Ar. s. v. to 13 quotes: 

i3toa3 . . i-ms-ia, fc^toaS, rt^toas, read : p3to»3, v. preeed.] 

NDTD, v. sw-'fea. 

IISSO^Q, 3D m. (|xrjXoTt£Tto)V) an apple^shaped 
melon, cucumber-'melon,x>ro\). the fruit squash (v. Sm. Ant. 
s. v.). Kil. i„ 2 '3i 'am rvnupn (Ms. M. psstoni majipn) 
cucumbers and melopepons are not forbidden as mingled 
seeds (b^to); Ter. II, 6. Y. Kil. I, 27 a bot. . . . p blfcfc 
'a W soarta . . . (not saVO therefore (because it is a 
hybrid product of apple [|J.^Xov] and pepon [aiotua irs- 
Tutov] they call it in Greek melopepon. Tosef. Shebi.V, 3 
(missing in ed. Zuck.) pSStort IpiS (Var.p&aton) the 
real fruit melopepon (contrad. to leaves). Tosef. Ukts. II. 10 
psto (Var.p&to; corr. ace). lb. 14 pS&to. Tosef. Toh. 
V,4 pSto.— PZ. hisiBBtoa, pSlBBtoa, 'to. Tosef. Kil. 1,1. 
Ter. VIH, 6; a. e.— Yalk. Koh. 968 '3l'p31&5to ■. . . "*K 
even melopepons in Nisan were not absent from Solo- 
mon's table; Tanh. Yithro 7 yfl&oBa.j, ed^Bab. 5 pSISStoa 
(corr. ace). 

frWiDSO^D, '3D ch.same. Snh. 110 a 'a 13 tt*> MfcTai 
Ar. (ed. X!"i1°S3) he knocks you about like a melopepon. — 
PL SMS&to. Targ.Y. I Num. XT, 5 (Y. II DWSto, corr. 
ace; h. text D"WBaK). 

'W&ID, y&Q, Y. Ab. Zar. 1, 40 a , v. pito. ■ 

nTD, flbn f. (toa II) [something soft and thick,} 
1) focfc o"f wool,' wool, down. Hull. 50 b ; 52 b (expl. &13 
■WJBi-l) 'a 13 'ji«1» blpa that portion of the stomach -which 
has no downy lining. Tosef. Sabb.IV(V), 1 ; Y.ib.V, 7 b bot. 
'iaS> ni3ia3, v. pa ; Bab. ib. 54 a . Ih. I0 b ; a. e.-PZ. phton, 
'^a. Koh.R.toI,9Vtoa(corr. ace), v.tta.— 2) ear-lap. Sifr6 
lieut. 122 fltoa Kbit biSSH pX the slave's ear must be 
bored throughin the lap only ; Bech.37 b ; Kidd. 21 b Klltoaa; 
Y. ib. I, 59 d top [read:] ITtt 'art fa 131"* rtllrti til 12511 
SS13.— PC as ab. Ex. B. s. 40 l^ntoa (not ph . ., expl. in 
a gloss dtSrt blpa rtt> hanging on his ear-laps. 

nb" l D„!^rib" l D ch. same (interch. with, stoa> 1) fine 
wool, also a:ctoaft o/"/?«e woo?. Targ. Ez.. XXVII, 18 (v. 
Mias>). Targ. O. Gen. XLIX, 11, v. KtoaT; a. e.— Snh. 44»; 
M.Kat. 28 b , v. S&a&K.— PI. pntoa. Targ.Esth.I, 6. Targ. 
Lam. II, 20 ed.Lag. (ed. ST'rt'ra, read: rt*ntoa).— Xintoa. 
Sabb. I0 b , v. ilia!?. — 2) ear-lap. Kidd. 21 b , v. precede 

XrjVH, X!ll ?D f^^an, word; thing, affair &c. 
Targ. Prav. XXV\,15. Targ, Y. Num. XXXI, 8 paolpl 'a 
(notXFito) some sorcery;— Bets.38 a toprttYVa JWW 
that I may say something acceptable. — Gitt. 23 a 'a 1&6 
'31 iiaxi S*">rt what I said that..., was nothihg'(was not 
correct). — Tern. 4 b , a. fr; '3.1 1381 'a to anything that 

the Law says not to do, if done &c, v; i3rt. Shehu. 34 b j 
a. fr. '31 !*ial irtto 'a to a thing in which one has no 
interest, is .not noticed exactly. Ab. Zar. 18 a 'a "Q xW 
'SI it is something disgraceful to me that &c. B. Mets. 
.114 b ; Taan. 21 b , v. pirffi. Sabb. 81 b 'a WS rtlBX she 
spoke a word (magic spell). Gitt. 30 a , v. )p_X. Ab. Zar. 
66 b ; a. e. N"irt 'a 8iPI»l the flavor (of a forbidden thing) 
is something substantial (fit to affect ritually the. sub- 
stance receiving it). Gitt. 52 b '3T Katoa 'a it is merely a 
favor lie does the court; a. V. fr.— 'a Krt »3a=^ia I3rt3a, 
v. xfeian. Hull. 10 b ; a. fr.— Esp. 'a TOs>- (euphem., sub. 
Simi&stl) to let blood; to be bled. Taan. 21 b fas rtlrt.ia 
'a when he (the surgeon) bled a person. Hull. lll a Nal^a 
'a liasn on the day he was bled (Bashi: 'al tiara). Sabb. 
129 a sq.; a. e.—Pl. »ns>a, v. K^all. 

DID m. pi. (b. h.; cmp. rtrta) joafej", ^Mii; secretion; 
solution. Constr. *n;pl. Wa" 1 ?', constr. iaia. Snh. 108 a toto 
'a^ rta l Hia.'] , '3>lrT the eye-ball which (in restlessness) resemb- 
les water, v. W>*. Par. VIII, 9 '31 t)i3iart 'art smitten 
waters (springs or lakes formed through a catastrophe, 
v. Snh. 1, c). Ib. b^attart 'art, v. ata ; a. v. fr.— biSTOKI 'a, 
bi311FlS« 'a &c, v. respective determinants. — WPB "^a juice 
of fruits (wine, date-honey, &e). Bes. 35 a , sq.;— 1» 
Dital.MWW. Ker. 6 a ;— 'art nia urinary. Meg. Ill, 2; 
Y. Ber. II, 4 C bot.— Hag. 3 a pnTO 13K ?paia we drink thy 
water, i. e. we depend on thy teaching; B. Mets. 84 b 
•prfflD-IJK IrtWa; Hor. I4 a ; a. e— Taan. 16 a, 3i nia"a to 
all the waters of the world; a. fr. 

D^'a, pi. pffia, v. o"a. 



"IQ^D lasa, 1) word, command. Targ. Gen. 
XLI, 44. Targ. Ps. XIX, 4 ; a. fr.— 2) (hypostatized) (vp) 'a 
the Word, i. e. the Lord (used in Targum to obviate an- 
thropomorphism). Targ. Gen. Ill, 10. Targ.Y. ib. 9; a. v. 
fr.— TaisA, K*K?' , ai>, v. lax. 

^ITTQ, Gant. B. t 

VH, 9, v 



"PD II m. (b. h. ; cmp. "no, into) H»d, genus, species. 
Peahil, 5 ION '» one kind of seed. Ter. H, 4 'paTttV'pK 
ijia 131X11) to 'aa you must not separate T'rumah from one 
species to redeem fruits of another species. Ib.6 ..iiWprt 
IrtK 'a cucumbers and melopepons are considered as the 
same species. Bice III, 10 IS^aa 'a binaart riSOin what 
you add to the legally required quantity of first fruits 
must be of the same species; what is used for decorating 
the first fruits,. 13"% 13iSll)a 'a must be of a different kind. 
—Hull. 100 a , a. fr. toaa &6 uiaa pa, v. toa. Ib. 97 b , a. fr. 
13ia IJiSlBa 'a a heterogeneous mixture (of fQrbidden and 
permitted things) ; a. v. fr.— PI. b^a, p^a, constr. i3"w. 
Peahl. c. 'a 131B Wit if he planted on it two different 


geeds. lb. train "^a .-"MB two kinds of wheat. Naz. VI, 1 
'SVpllDS.'a nfflblB three kinds of prohibitions exist 
with reference to the nazarite. — 'ah nsaiB the seven 
products of Palestine (Deut. VIII, 8). Bice. I, 3 ; a. fr.— 
'an tilBan the . five species of grain (wheat, barley, rye,, 
oat and spelt). Ned. VII, 2; a. fr — (ablbaii!) 'a nsaiX the 
four species of the festive wreath, v. ablb. Men. Ill, 6; a. 
fr. — 1*ro3 something like, in the shape of, of the nature of. 
Ker. 5 b Itt 'as drawing the shape of a crown; is 'as 
1311, v. is. lb. 'si '■psnra T«B 'as two drops of oil looking 
like pearls. Taan. 8 b ; a, v. fr. . . • 

Tl2 III m. (preced.) [a peculiar person,] sectarian, 
infidel Ab. Zar. 65 a maiSCHB '»S Sin nin he is legally 
treated like an infidel of the gentiles, i.e. like a gentile that 
has rejected the gods of his people.' — Esp. Min, a Jewish 
infidel, mostly applied to Jew-Christians (and in editions 
controlled hy censors, often substituted by ipYl2,itYiS&c). 
Hor. ll a 'a Crt i-iri OiSSriV Ms. M. (ed. ipnx) if he eats 
forbidden fat in a defiant manner (v. &S3), he is a Min; 
ib. (another opin.) t"S laisn bs 'a IhrsVho is a Min? 
(A Jew) who worships idols.— Gitt. 45 b 'a ISrlSlB n't) a 
book of the Law written by a Min, contrad. to iISS; a. 
fr.— PI. twa, •pyia. T. Ber. IX, I2 d bot. 'si ns ibsiU'an 
the Minin asked B. Simlai &c. Tosef. B. Mets. II, 33 'an 
rnllOam tPlaTOam the Minin, the apostates and the in- 
formers; Ab. Zar. 26 b (Bashi: idolatrous priests, Jews or 
gentiles) ; a. fr. — 'an nsis the (twelfth) section inserted 
in the Prayer of Benediotions and containing an im- 
precation against the Minim. Ber. 28 b , sq. (ed. d^plisn) ; 
a. fr. 

NIHD I ch.=h. fall. Targ. T. Lev. XI, 4.<— Hull. 79 a 
nasi 'a the species to which its (the mule's); mother be- 
longs. Ib. inji: 'a Sin inbis all of them are considered 
one species (independent of their parentage). Ib. 66 a n"V)ial 
that which is of the same kind, S-pJiai isbl that which is 
of a different kind; a. e.— PI. 'pra, S^a, iji». Targ.Y. 
Lev. XI, 13. Targ, Koh. II, 5.— [Y. B. Kam, IX, 6 d bot. Wa 

M"^ II, JIWTQ, ^12, B^TQ ch.=h. r a in. 

Ber. 58 a 'Ms. M. (ed. ip112). Y. Snh.VlI, 25 d top "jinan 
'si iijia in a certain Min saw thein, and said what he 
said (a conjuration). lb. JWa )tlH p">tn ia when that 
Min came out. lb. bot. 'SI 1113 a^Oi 'a lh a Min took 
up a pebble and threw it up &c. ; a. fr.— PI ifcttTa,-- S'Wa, 
i5Ta. Koh. B. to 1, 8 sk> 'a nib " ( ila5 the Minin did some- 
thing (some sorcery). to him. Ab. Zar. 4 a 'SI 'ab.,.naruBa, 
B. Ab. praised B. S. to the Minin (in office) as being a 
great scholar; a. fr.— [Sabb. 133 b bot. i^a affi, read i»JK, 

M^D III pr. n. m. Mina. Y. B. Mets. V, beg. 10 a '1 
'a ia T »a' (v. Fr. M'bo p. 66 b ).— [Y. Ber. I, 3 d top bsialB 
'a ia, ed. Lehm. KTOT*, read SOTS, v. Fv. ib. p. 125 b .] 

" li l3* i P > ^2n m. (nsa) appointment to office, onK- 
waWow. Y. Snh. I, 18 c bot. (ref. to Bz. XIII, 9 Mia at-iSai 
'SI) 'an nt that means the ordination (of teachers). Ib. 19 a 
bot. [read;] 'a iisiSPa its (his) appointment is valid. Y. 
B. Hash. II, 58 b top 'an ins 'pbin lia-wb to. proclaim 
an intercalation we go by the dates of ordination (the 
bldest graduate voting first); Y. Snh. I, 18 e ' (corr. 
ace.).— Y. Hor. Ill, end, 48 c 'si W 'ab bas but in or- 
dination 'those seeing the face of the King (the Nasi) 
are those seated first in office' (an adaptation of Esth. 
1, 14), i. e. the scholars of Tiberias, as the seat of the Nasi, 
have the preference to those of the South; Esth. B. to 
I, 14 "iaa tra. Num. B. s, 15, end OTplH 'a the appoint- 
ment of the elders; a. fr. 

riSTa, mPT2, miD ch. same. Targ. II Ohr. 
XXXI, 13.— Y. Snh. I, 19 aT bot.''S1 'ab flip Ian there (in 
Babylonia) they call the ordination s'mihhutha (v. r>W3&);. 
a.e.—^n. Y. Taan. IV, 68 a 'a ynn ^aa hin ordain- 
ed only two (each year); Koh. B. to VII, 7 "pSia (read 

piS" 1 ^, SjSi^D, "^D m. (pay child, hoy. Targ.Y. II 
Num.xi,12(Yyi Sp^^a).— Y.Sabb.XIV,14 d pl3"nal nSIS 
nttra" 1 dry excrements of a child. Y. M. Kat. Ill, 81 d bot. 
'31 'a inb . . . han she saw a teacher strike a child too 
severely. Gen. B. s. 87; Yalk. ib. 145, y. SWigl, Y.Sabb. 
I, 3 b npis^a his child; a. fr.— PI. iX^gi^a, ' igi^a, "no,, 
Y. Snh. VII, 25 d , v. Kmftttjas. Y. Ber! II, 5 a top, V.' Siab\ 
Lev. B. s. 37 'si ibpbpa 'aT with which the children 
make sport &c. ; a. e. 

IKFljSiiPiQ f. (preced.) girl— PI. Slr^p^a. Pesik. B. 
s. 3, beg. 'al'sl^SS Sins (n'ot'yn...) like the' 1 ball of the 

girls (= h. niaa bia ins, v. ma). 

V?\T12 f. (T^alH) heresy, infidelity. Tosef. Hull. II, 24 
'a nai bs SSnj was arrested on the charge of heresy 
(suspicion of being a Jew-Christian), Ib. iai .... Nail! 
'SI 'a bl!5 perhaps one of the Minin told you some inter- 
pretation in their style, and it gave thee pleasure?; Ab.Zar, 
16 b bot. -pb Xa 'a Sail) (insert 131); Koh.B, to I, 8, Meg, 
IV, 8 (24 b ) 'an -pi it iin (Bab. ed. BWpn, Ms. M. 'an) 
such is the manner of the Minin; ib. D^XTin "|11 (Ms,.. 
M. rWan, corr. nsWh, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. notes 100, sq.). 
Ib. 9 'an 111; Ber. V, 3 (34 a ) 'a ">S11 early eds. (ed. HWB, 
missing in Mishn. a. Y. ed.). Lev. B. s. 28, beg. ; Koh. B. to 
I, 3 ; XI, 9 'a isb yaa •pV tmn words which manifest 
an inclination towards heresy, a. e. 

"ItarO, v, lasa. ■ . ■ 


J^' l ' l D 1 a, Y. Snh. 1, 18 c top 'aa, read: SS^aiaa. . 

i yWD, XytWD, ))1V, XRlT&r. sub *:?a. . . 


HIp^D, '"0)3 f. (ps;) nursing. Y. Nidd. I, 49 a bot.; 
ib. c top Pinipibia "iai the time during which she nurses; 
Bah. ib. 36 a ; 10 b ; a. fr. — [Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. IV, 5, v. 

n P.^»-] 

' tlj?W, v. ngbia. 

"ji^Q whence?, v. "jJa. 

D^Qm. (&3X) oppression, violence. Targ. Is.X, 1 (h. 
text ■)18). 

ItfpJ^Q, ^K3 m. name of an undergarment (perh. 
a corrupt, of manica = tunica manicata). Targ. Esth. 
VIII, 15 (some ed. Kp^a). 

XrfipIHD f. ch.=h. n-lpiJTQ. Lam. B. to I, 1 TQ1 

('rWiriB) 'a inii "plfflS twenty-four months of 


rip^H, np^DD f. (b. h.; p_5;) 1) a woman giving 
suck, wet-nurse, v. pa;. — 2) (v. pax) siphon, tube; small 
cup. Kel. IX, 2. Ab.Zar.58 a 'aai"l1p tapped with a siphon, 
Kel. XIV, 2 'a IllJKia imfiS if he put a knob (cup) on the 
top of the cane. Tosef. ib. B. Mets. IV, 5 n&HBSffl nlpiJia 
'SI nfiri> ed. Zuck. (B. S. to Kel. XIV, 2 Dpiaa) a cup 
which one put under a door (as a pivot). Tosef. Dem. 
Ill, 6 rvpiaa ed. Zuck.; Y. ib. II, 22 d bot. npiaa.— Y. Ab. 
Zar. IV, 44 b top np*>aia.— [Pirke d'B. El. ch. XLIII 'a 
TOK1, v. ns">3a.]— PI. ni'spiJia, 'aa. Tosef, Zeb. 1, 12 'as ya 
ed. Zuck. (ed, tTipiJa) or when he made the libation out 
of tubes.— V. Wpaa. 

Dj}]' 1 EI, £0 "Pn 'D (read 81T! or a^ri) f. (pa;) [sweto- 
o/ 1 animals,] hYdg'e-hog. Targ. Y. Lev" XI, 30, v. KV 1 ;.— 
V. n^ba. 

^fl^D, 1T[?!3" 1 D m. (mentha, jxsv&a) miltt. Ukts. I, 2 
(MishTed-iunian, corr. ace; Var.inB. S.a.l.Kn'iaKq.v.). 
Y. Dem. II, 22 c bot. 

; &^a,v.^ a . 

Itf CD, Y'lamd. to Num. I, quoted in Ar., v. y&iq. 

■20' 1 p,-Dp" , D, DOQ, DDD m. (a&a) fafc%, «/■««£ 

wp.— fax 'a=h.tai35 XllDa, partiality. Targ. Y. Ex. XXIII, 
3; a. e. — Targ. Y. I Gen. IV, 8 (not STia). Targ. Prov. 
XXVIII, 21 1SK3 'a (read: i&«).— ']Pl' l a>i 'a taking and giv- 
ing, dealing. Targ. Is. IX, 4. 

SCflQ, v. a&a. 

plD^D, read: ■ ' < 

"jID^D m. ([xscto^ -ov,) mwfeBe. Lam. B. to I, 1 "TOI 
('nxa .Ifi 7) SMTTIK1 'aa in the middle of the road. Ib. 
('lBllla in) XMahl 'aa Ar. (ed. iJJSaa) in the middle of 
the shop. 

jlS'P m. (missus) course at dinner, Tanh, ed. Bub. 
B'resh. 2 'a 'a course after course. — PI. same. Ib. rtaS, 
"|Vn h fl 'a how many courses had you? — Y'lamd. to Num. 
I, quot. in Ar. K&ia has (corr. ace). 

pTOb^n, VTiatfra, v . s „b - B &a. 


-sen, v. 'ate. 

bDCa semissis, v. biai&a. 

tfTQCQ, v. sna&a, 

"jb^Hj Y. Gitt. I, 43 b , a corrupt., prob. for ")toS3.(&sai) 
hot-tempered. [Comment.: = »i&K physician, — does not 
fit the context.] 

pSt^Q, v. pBOa. 

pb^Q, pSG m. (p&3) rm«<?, (*«»-) fk Targ. Ps. 
XXII, 5. Targ. Cant. Ill, 6, a. e., v. KSaplp. 

&V)b' l P f. (1&N) bunch.— PI. -jlB^a. Y. Shebi. II, 34 a 
bot., v/imV 

*"j"lb' l P m. (lib) seducer, tempter, Pes. 107 a Ar., v. 
&->Bh. T ! 

rib^p, ifib^v.nsa.woB. 

b' , biinb" i P f. (jjua&tocjts) Zease, «»£, Y. Pes. VI, 31 b 
bot. "PhQia '(corr. ace); v. laix I. 

b-'bTTlb^D, v. ^DitiertD. 

"D^Q DISH m. (BSa) 1) reduction of size, the space 
reduced. Erub. 77 a 'SI ia!|S li aa ttti tax if the reduction. of 
the height (by lowering the wall or raising the embank- 
ment) extends over four handbreadths; 'ail IMS only as 
far as the reduction extends. — 2) minority. Y. Pes. VII, 
34 c bot. 'as IS ans (not 'aa 'alls) do we treat the case as if 
it were a majority (of unclean persons), or as if it were a 
minority? Ib. 'aS lain y» (not 'aa) if you will consider 
it a minority. Y. Kidd. I, 59 b top. Yeb. 119 a hlVi&a 'a a 
minority of women miscarry; a. e. — 3) the least of . B. 
Hash. ll a ; Yeb. 42 a ; Nidd. 38 b (ref. to I Sam. I, 20) 'a 
'zn nlSlpn the least of t'kufoth (plural number) is two 
(seasons, of three months each), the least of yamin is 
two days; a. e. — 4) narrowing qualification, limitation. 
Yoma 43 a ; B. Kam. 86 b , a. fr. 'a Irt* 'a -pitt 'a 1ha 'a ilfi 
'SI !>6x this is a limitation following a limitation, and 
a double limitation serves to widen the scope (because 
the repetition indicates that no limitation is meant, 
but only an exemplification); Y. Peah V, end, 19 d (corr. 
ace). Y.Hor. I, beg. 45 c 'a "inK 'a Iftx 'a - three successive 
^limitations. Lev. B. s. 24, end 'a yxdb pi Vfi it says 'only' 
(Deut. XXVIII, 13) which intimates a limitation; a. fr. — 
Pi. vmsria, IWla, 'sa. Tosef. Shebu. I, 7 4)111 'STtt 
'al piail interpreted the Bible texts with a view to 



widening and narrowing the limits of the respective laws. 
Y. Sabb. VII, 10 b '=1'a list i*in Kin j-|K akh and hu (Ex. XII, 
16, are limiting qualifications intimating that you must 
not cut, grind &c. (on the Holy Day), Y. Ber. IX, 14 b 
bot., v. 1\iAl; a. fr. 

&tT2W>H ch. same. Erub. 77 a 'a i5h'« "W if the re- 
duction has any effect. Yeb. 119 a '31 rvfei&al 'a *pa& add 
the minority of miscarrying women to the half of female 
births, and the male births will be a minority. Hull. 6 a , 
a. fr. "xb tern takes into consideration the, minority (the 
possibility of the rarer cases). Yeb. 119 b , a. e. tub 'xti 'a 
ffliin a minority of a minority he does not take into con- 
sideration. Kidd. 80 a WttlT'il l^ai 'a a minority is con- 
sidered as non-existent.— P/.iBWm. 8hh.45 b sq. ""lain lD"nn 
'al, v. preced. 


^D?n9" , Q (a feigned part. Ithp. of tn&, denomin. of 
1TI&, a substitute of WB which again is a substitute of 
va, v. ^S) I will be a pahiz. Ned. 10 b ij*a 'a how is 
it, if one says mipp'hazna (for wjgp'ziAwa) ? 

N"Wa, v. wnofe* 

nbton, nbtp^a, v. *$«». 

)^|5&" 1 !D> &* £&P m.(pBJ) 1) exit, end. Targ.Ex.XXXIV, 
22 (ed. Berl. npBia; cod. 7 ftfsSO; oth. Xp&a, np&a; v. Berl. 
Targ, O.II, p. 81); ib. XXIIl^U.—Pl. ^EM?, T*> a - Y.Ter. 

viii, 46 b bot., sq. anana 'aa = h. nam isma, v . »aia ni. 

—2) ^ww^ o«£, y. kVso. 

l^Z] to .swcfe, v.. -pa. 

fQ m. (b.h.; ysia) [ttetf w>Me/i is won by squeezing,] 
juice. Y. Naz. I, 51 b nVlS Vfl 'a the juice of 'Orlah fruits 
(v. tfro). 


IHS^D f. (ysia) [{Aai wMc/j is squeezed in,] the joint 
or collar of reeds, stalks &c. Eel. IX, 8 1iBi|B itB tmw 'a 
the second joint of a stem of oats ; TOp VlB ... 'a of reeds. 

"lii'D) :£Q m..(S"iSa) 1) squeezing, wringing out (of 
the blood of the sacrifice). Zeb. 52 a . Ib. 65 a ; a. fr.— 
2) (cmp. W^S) omef measure. Bets. HI, 8 iJBa.... Vina C|« 
nilan ..'a in week-days he did the, same (filled the meas- 
ures beforehand) for the sake of exact measure (in order 
to allow the liquids to settle). Ib. 29 a they collected 
three hundred gar.tib of oil Pllan 'ao as the surplus in 
his accounts realized from the remnants in the measures ; 
Tosef. ib. Ill, 8 (v. ed, Zuck. Var.).— Trnsf. IStean 'a [the 
squeezing of the. soul, out of the body,] agony of death. 

Tanh. Mick. 10 (ref. to K'Sa, Ps. XXXII, 6) 'a V#VVgni 
'an let him pray that he may be spared the agony of 
death.— dtti 'a [the pressing through of the day,] sunrise 
and sunset. Gen. B. s. 92 (ref. to Ps. 1. c.) nm 'a tts>V at 
evening-time; Y. Ber. IV, 7 b bot. bli btt) •TOSTa fob (pi.) 
at morning and at evening, v.DWa'n. — yin'a final (exact) 
judgment (after death); 'patBnn 'a final count (of sins). 
Gen. E. 1. c. — PI. ■p^lSfla, with suffix lJ^STra (cmp.. "fJiBa for 
I^Wa s. v. nja); v. supra. 

SftSTQ, / £EQ m. (SSa) wwfcfe, rowfet. Targ, Job VII, 
12 (Ms. 'SStta). Targ. Y.Deut. XXIII, II. 

fcO'DlpD, SD'm. ([Auarpo?, -ov) spoon.— y+VBn ''a (v. 
Vyon) mystrom'acherion, an instrument having a spoon 
on one side and a knife on the other (cmp. Sm. Ant. s. 
v. Cochlear). Lev. B. s. 33, beg. (ref. to Prov, XVIII, 21} 
'31 'a 'a &bip» bllln Aquila interpreted it, 'a spoon-knife', 
death on one side and life on the other; Yalk. ib. 661 
'a iKBisa'; Yalk. Ps. 768 'al.YlBSa (read: 'aT"ib2a). 

llG^TD, Sabb. 154 b , v. X>1X. 

nbsrn, y. kbv^b. 

EPS, jCPSTD^m^Wo. Targ.Y.Num.XVII, 
12, sq. (ed. Amst. 5>sa). Targ. Y. I, ib. XXH, 24. Targ.Y. 
I Ex. XIV, 27; a. fr. — B. Mets. 108 a [read:] rTOSJI 'aa 
(Eashi: iSS^a "O) in the centre of his (the seller's) land)., 

NSSTa, NSEpH m. (=!*SiS») central, middle; be^ 
tween extremes. Targ. Y. Lev. XIV, 17, v. mil- Ned. 
31 b top 'a joist (E, N. NS^a) middle goods (hoidingthe 
mean between goods which the seller is anxious to get 
rid of, and such as are sought after eagerly); v. X&l'in. — , 
PI. WSia, is^vq. Targ. II Ohr v VI, 18 (ed. Lag. isyiaa).' ' 
— Ber.l8 b . Ker.6 b 'aain between(the other ingredients). 
B. Mets. 108 a , v. preced. — Naz. 56 b • 1 )3iia» stV 'a those, 
intermediate in the chain of tradition need not be men- 
tioned (only the first and the last). V. &»iSa. 

"I^G 1) part. Hif. of "PS q. v.— 2) pathway, narrow, 
balk, v. "iaa. 

snspn, n^nra.y.sub'sa. 

p n D, Pa. p-fta, y. pha. 

^\?yQ>.> - 5 P" I ^.» ^ ^5, . ^p : . — [Y. Dem. IH, beg. 26 a 
iB^a J"V3, read : SgaJ 

D^D, D£D m. (Ci!|p).sto«(?%. Targ. Josh. IV, 3 IfiK 
'a (h. text asa)'.' 

nap^D, v. xap T a. 

']|?' 1 I3 (pro; cmp. lasy fo wocit. Targ. Ps. GXIX, 51 

'jrpiaa'ed. Lag. (ed. )i .'. ., *,i ... .). 

"l^n m. (15J?) eoo?%. Tosef. Sabb. XVII (XVIH), 
18; Sabb. 151 b 'a"bs cooling vessels (glass &c). Ib. 53 b 
nanaV 'a ^X cooling (as placing in water) is not gener- 


ally done to beasts (unless they are sick). — [Part. Hif. 

ipna, v. Tnj;.] 

!S Tu myrrh, v. SWia. 

• &tTP23,"v,i*'Tta 

TW12, Talk. Zeph. 567, V. fcniall. 

STPQ m. (denom. of ansa, v. :«*) selecting the green 
and tender onions in the bed. Y. Peah in, 17 c top vn "W 
'a and what is merug? [lb. SWan, read: IHKari, v. J'lX.] 

pi TQm, (p-ca) polishing, finishing. Pesik. Nah., p. 
127 a 'a "pSi-iS DDi-QI your words require polishing (are 
incomplete).— Euphem. sexual gratification attended with 
effusion of semen. Yeb. 55 b . 

pTVD, Tosef. Dem. IV, 13, v. fila. 

II I H m. (nna) embittering, hard labor (with ref. to 
Ex. I, 14). Num. B. s. 3 the family was called M'rari, bs 
'a (DU3) an allusion to their bitter task (of carrying the 
wooden material of the Tabernacle). Pesik. B. s. 15 ffiia 
'a yftb . . . Miriam intimates the bitterness (of slavery); 
Talk. Cant. 986. [Cant. B. to II, 11, a gloss.] 

DiDTQ m. (ana) a bird that has lost its feathers. 
Y. Meg. I, 72 b . 

"'"TO, yH&OTQ '12 (jAupi-|j.u P i48e«) ten thousand 
times ten thousand'. Pesik. Bahod., p. 107 b ; Yalk. Ps. 796 
(corr. ace.) ; v., however, n b' , 3. 

pTD, Tosef. Neg. HI, 10 'am ed. Zuck. ( Var. pliafTi), 
read: TTtiam, v. Trail. 

D^a, oTa,v. T ^aii. 

"j1'C3D" 1 &"l" 1 D m. ([jLupaiMaTOV, S. = Lat. myrtatum) 
(wine or oil) flavored with myrtle-leaves. Y, Shebi. VII, 
37 b (some ed. 'na), 

3?"TD weakening, v. sna. 

^TZD pasture, v. Wsl. 

"lpTQ, Tosef. Mikv. VI (VII), 13 ed., read with ed. 
Zuck. ">gT.&, v. pl&. 

rfTD, HTHM m. (rYT\ as aJiTn fr. tt>1\ v.'Fl. to Levy 
Targ. Dict.II, p.568 ») must, juice. Targ. Y. Deut. XXIX, 5 
(h. text 131B). V. rfia. 

XS5 n D I pr. n. pi. (v. next w.) Mesha, 1) a place in 
northern Galilee (v. Hildesh., Beitr. p. 38). Tosef. Shehi, 
IV, 11 ed. Zuck. note (Var. aiU^a).— 2) M. in Babylonia, 
in the district of Mesene, v. ^a. Y. Yeb. I, 3 b ; Y. Kidd. 
IV, 65 d top. Gen. B. s. 37 nttJTO (identified with X1B», Gen. 
X, 30; Targ. KSja, Vtifan). [Talm. Bab. l $Pa q. v.] 

tfttTD II, fcWS^a (KCSO, S&W) pr. n. m. Mesha 
(= SOTDB, v. Nold. Mand. Gr., p. 64), name of several 
persons. Erub. 13 b 'KlB^a &6x . . . T^a "nxi Ms. M. (ed. 
•WffliS, v. Kabb. D. S. a. 1. note), v. "Ftxa. Peah n, 6 KffiPa 

Y. ed.(Ms.M. -"nioj ed. 'SOra, v.Babb. D. S. a.l. note); Naz. 
56 b 'im— Hull. 121 3 ""a. Y. Orl. I,61 a bot.; Y.Maasr. 
V, 51 d top. — Y. Sabb. I, 3 a hot. ; Y. Ber. II, end, 5 a t*&i 
(corr. ace.). — lb. 4 C bot. M., grandson of B. Joshua b. 
Levi.— Y. Sabb. I, 2 C top.— Y. Naz. IX, 57 d bot. M., son of 
B. Jeremiah.— Y. Pes. IV, 30 d top 'a TO members of the 
Mesha family. 


Tftj n a m. (b. h. ; W) plain, level; common (cmp. SlSp a). 
Yoma 75 a '(play on di-RBia, Prov. XXIII, 31) ')\fa v nvns 
'83 y<bs man all forbidden connections appear to him like 
a common (to which all have access). lb. '03...DViStt bo 
the entire world appears to him like a common (he dis- 
regards other people's rights); Num. B. s. lO-plK niBIS 
'a3 1pSrt he considers all sins free like a common. lb. 
'a3 dSTVQ . . . 'pbolSO they (the oppressors) carry off all 
that belongs to them (the Jews), and their houses are 
left levelled like a common. Tanh. B'eh 3 Mrtnn.mi* 
'31 'a Sirftt-in hnKl 'a fiBi&l tP31p one road full of thorns 
in the beginning but level in the end, and one level in 
the beginning &c; a. e. 

uqi^a, ■jsttjTQ, srri^n, v. sub » 

"j^D, ]itt5TQ pv.n.(v.ii.^l)Meshan,Mesene,ths 
island formed by the Euphrates, the Tigris and the Boyal 
Canal. Kil. 49 b 'a ffoxfi MSfflri nine measures (of impu- 
dence) M. has carried off. lb. 71 b , a. e. nmo ]i&va M. 
is dead (for purity of descent), v. &&is. Yoma 10 a (expl. 
lis nam, Gen. X, 11) 'al ms Perath Meshan (v.Berl. 
Beitr. z. Geogr., p. 44). B. Kam. 97 b 'aa iKiain . , .^Ip -1 he 
may say to him, pass it (the repealed coin) in Mesene. 
B. Bath. 73 a IfflXial; Sabb. 101 a 'fflial, v. XrV'Kia, Kidd. 
.72 b ,.V. tflflSBB*.- 

"OE^S m., iTVOE^Q f. (preced.) Mesenian. Kidd. 7l b 
'a sisniBal SM that Apamea where the Mesenian dialect 

1S5' i| a, "1^5^? m. (b. h. b^Siia; ^) straight line, 
horizontal, level kidd. II, 6 'a 'a 1!"TO nTO3& to divide 
his field in straight lines (beds) of various seeds (instead 
of squares, Sana). Y. ih. II, 28 a top. Y. Erub. IV, 21 d 
bot. a telescope (v. hteiaa) 'as WS irO nsiBa rrw the 
horizontal range of which he had tested before (v. Bab. 
ib. 43 b ).— Y. ib. V, 22 d top [read:] . . iSffial ni&isa siKm 
'31 'aa he takes a telescope and tests its horizontal 
range, and then &c. 

VntTDj XTl^Ur'tiQ I ch. same, 1) bed,-Pl, 
i$Pa, ^Xffla. Edd. 39 a 'a iiffl^a . . . S"i! Ar. (ed. 'Ntua) 
planted the garden of the school-house in beds (of various 
plants), v. preced.— 2) plain, valley. Targ. Gen. XII, 6 (h. 


text fbx). Ib. O..XXXV,8(h.text.'ii|iX)..Targ..Deiit.XI, 
30 (h. text .fiaiS).- lb. HI, 10 (h. text liriia) ; a. fr.— Lev. 
E. s. 12, beg. 'a mma lias Klrtl SID finally he (the drunk- 
ard) will make Ms house a level (v. Tifflia). Sabb. . 110 b 
in131- 'i» ib. ail (sub. "1 i^rmnaa) give me of what grows 
in the waste places pf the valley (or bed) of leek.— PL 
K^^ 1 *?. ^a ('SIB?). Targ. 0. Num. XXII, 1 (Y. srilBa, 
corr. ace). Targ. 0. Dent. XI, 30; a. e. — Gen. E. \'. 42 
(transl. Vw, Gen. XIV, 6) pK61 Kilffla. Ib. end (ref. to. 
ijftx, ib. 13) i*"iaai 'a.— Sabb. 1. c. ilfflial (Eashi xm&a, 
Ms. M. iiKttja), v. xins a. sre. 

; " -^^D II, ■nti'ra C «m ft v. i^a. . 

^fflPlttJlDj *0,v.sub'<2?a. 

. fl.^iQ I ch -h. Wffl to die, 6e <fea<Z. Imperf. Mai, -rflaii. 
Targ. Gen. T, 8, lb. XLIV, 20. Targ. 0. Num. XX, 29 i-l» 
ma (Var. 'a «rt1, mam, v. Berl. Targ.O. II, p. 44). Targ'. 
0. Gen. II, 17 man naa'(ed. Amst. naia); a. v. {v.— Part. 
mssa, niia, nia, na; f. xma; jp?. "jimia, "pnia, 'pna. Targ. 
Y.Num. XXII, 30. Khia '(ed. Amst. SM). Targ. Ex. XII, 
33; a. fr— Ber. 31 a -|3ma1 that we must die. Y. Peah I, 
15 c hot. nnia she (his mother) died. Snh. 97 a niia rtlrt k*j 
'SI niijis none of that place ever died before his time ; a. fr. 
Af. max to cause death, slay. Targ. O. Gen. V, 24 max 
ed. Berl. (oth. ed. max, 'm). Ib. XXXVIII, 7 mma!* ed. 
Berl. Targ.ISam.XIV,13niaa(ed.Lag;s-iinaaPofeO; 

n^QlIm., iNTD, «rD I, tf M c. (preced.) dead; 
corpse. Targ. Deut. XIV, 1. Targ. Q. Num. XIX, 1.1 (ed. 
Amst. I*np);— Y. Bice. Ill, 65 b 'a lalp 'ja yanpl 
who rise before the dead (being carried to burial); a. fr. — 
PI. Sinia, JWa. Targ. Num. XVII, 13; a. fr.— Y. Kidd. I, 
61 c bot. 'a hi yoiip -jiiinn na (not 'paiip) when they stand 
by the dead (lamenting); a. e. 

SSiTf'/G, fctriH II m. (infin. of tttix) com%. Targ. 
I Sam! XVI, 4 ^ma ed. Lag. (ed. WiL^ina); a. fr.— Gen. 
E. s. 60 (ref. to «aa 83, G«n. XXIV, 62) ''SI 'aa KM* he 
came from coming? Where did he go to? — PI. Xima 
(with sing, sense; cmp. s6sa). Targ. (X Gen. XXIV, 62. 
inima). — Gitt. 30 a JOna rtiaiB &6 this is not called 'com- 
ing home' (as fulfilling the condition). Keth. 17 a "ip13 
'SI tjiima blessed by thy coming for peace ; Snh. 14 a ?pina. 

SSrj" , D f., constr. nma = h. rtma. Targ. Y. I Gen. 
XXXV, 8 ; a. e. ' ' 

•N3C1" , /!a, v. K&na. 

firi'Q f. (b. h.; n-ia) death, penalty of death. Sabb. 
156 b rtaiffla 'a an unnatural death; rtaSS 'a natural death. 
Snh. 68 a laSS nma imai BK if they shall die a natural 
death. Ib. XI, 4 (89 a ) 1"33 'a death at the hand of the 
court. Ib. 5 BIX ilia innia he must be put to death by 
man (court); BiaiB ilia inma he shall be put to death, 
by the Lord. Keth. 37 b xnailX *'a one continued act of 
execution (comprising lashes and putting to death); a. 
fr.— PI nima. Snh. VII, 1 1"3b n&as 'a. S31S four "forms 
of capital punishment have been entrusted to the courts. 

Sot. 8 b '31 'a .S31X 111 the divine judgment taking the 
place of the four forms of capital punishment (which the 
Jewish courts can no longer decree) has not ceased; a. fr. 

rfiiTPQ, tlD m. (nna) stretching, drawing tight. Y. 
M. Kat. I, 80 d bot.— 'a V>TB Bha a pin used" in weaving or 
embroidery to draw the thread tight, spool. Kel. XIII, 5 
(Talm. ed. ^ma). Ib. 'ab rtJipnrt (ed. Dehr. Kmab, v. 
small a.X3nia). Ib. 8; Yeb.43 a 'a> IX 13b (Kel. ed. Dehr. 
SttHab) made for snuffing the light (v. Brta) or as a spool, 

11PP23, TlD m. Cpa) stretching, v. preced. Orl. I. 4 
'a bu> una (Ms.'m. lima"), v. preced. ! 

']" 1 1'lin -1 a, p"l1n" , a (fAsa&opioe) borders, front- 
iers. Gen.E.'s.50,beg.Ar.(v. ')i;nisl); Lev.B.s.27 "plna 


fcCfirPD f. (nia)'deott, dying. Targ. Y. I Num. XVI, 
29; a. fr— B. Bath. 16 b ; Taan. 23 a , v. XWrart. 

fcOttirPD (a feigned part. Ithp. of WIS, denomin. of 
1103, a' problematic substitute of JT*fS, itself a substitute 
of mi 3 ; v. i«i3) I will be a nahiz. Ned. 10 b ; v. KJIrtSia. 

S^O^^D m. (ma) [death,] the deceased. Yeb. 37 b , sq. 
'a 13 the son of the decceased person. 

fcsJT! '12 m. (sns) bringing home, drawing towardsone's 
self. T Sabb. 102 a , \. snab; [Eashi: Kjna rope].— [Ijkts. I, 
2 Nimart, v. KMia.] "!'■ 

W^D, v. s;na. 

NDt^ri"'D (a feigned part. Ithp. of W5, as a dialectic 
substitute of Ipi, denom. of 1ip3, a substitute of pi13, itself 
a substitute of 1i») I will be a na'iz. Ned. 10 a ; v.'ssirtrna. 

"lin^D m. (h, h. ; im) cord, rope— PI. Si-ima, f'lma. 
Num. T E.s.l2, end. Yalk.Ex. 374; a.e.— [Tanh.KiThetse4 
■pima, read.: 'ji'iBia.] 

&T[fflD, v. vo-m. 


t\12 thy water, v. T.ia. , . 

?JDm. (b.h.; 1(la) lowly. Sot. 10 b (play on Bnsa, Ps. 
LVI, 1) taV-BrVl ^a -rtiruB he was lowly and sincere to 
everybody. Lev. K. s. 34 '31 to i3fib "ja.&Orl!B ip the poor 
man is called makh, because he is lowly before every? 
body, he is like the lowest threshold; Midr. Prov. to ch. 
XXII '31 rtSlp&Xrt 19 ^a he is lowly (bent down) to the 
lowest threshold. 

• &OD, NDNQ m. (= S3sa- ^Sa) crushed, battered.— 
'a Kill a battered Zuz (which cannot be passed). Sabb. 
129 a ; B. Kam. 37 a (Ms. M. 'Xa); Bekh. 51 a 7 »a. 

ra.v.isa. '•■' ^ 

13DZ3 m., riHSlDjb f. (IK, Pi.) broom; aiso.the.fim- 
shaped twig of tie palm-tree, 'ukts.1, 3 man be 'art.ii 

the stem of the broom' of the palm-tree; Tosef. ib.I, 4 
rrtasa. Tanh. Mas'e 13 (ref. to TOSH, Is. VIII, 23) yrasft 
■aas he swept them off as with a hroom; Num. B. s. 23, 
end; Lam. E.introd. (B.Abbahu 2)1ia3a33 Daah, v. Dan. 
Tosef. Sabh. VI (VII), 7 'ail bs StB sit on a broom (a 
superstitious practice); a. e. — PI. T&T3SU. Succ. 13 b 'a 
EfHan "hai palm-twigs on which there are dates; Y. Bets. 
IV, 62 c top. Pes. B6 b 'a bffl the dates hanging on the 
branches. Y. Pe'ah IV, beg. 18 a 'aa D">lan (leave for the 
poor) dates on the branches. Y.Maasr.I, 48 d hot. — [Sabb. 
113 b ">nil33a, v. 1331, Pj.] — [Euth B. end ni133» some 
ed., read: hil33a.] 

TSDD, v. preced. 

PSDQ, Targ. II Sam. XVII, 28, v. X33a. 

& m/ 23n, v. to 

StfiTDSDQ (',a3)=h. h;i33, brooch, buckle. Sabb. 
62 a , expl. 150^313.— Va. 15 6 b , vl yi1 II. 

nspa, 'dd, v. -man. 

TTpDD f. (h.h. i33a;ia3 ; v. rraa) sieve.— PZ.niiasa. 

Gen. R. s.' 39 ; Yalk. ib. 62; Talk. Neli. 1071; ButhB. end 

(not niiaaa). 

tiSDD m.(ti5a3) efottes-^ress; screw, vise. Tosef. Sabb. 
XVI (XVII), 5 tn)a . . . ibsa blB 'a (ed. Zuck. dia for D^3, 
corr. ace.) a domestic clothes-press which has been un- 
screwed to take out clothes. Sabb. XX, 5 '=1 , pina...'a 
you may unscrew a domestic clothes-press but not screw 
it (on the Sabbath). Ib.'pbaii blB('a) the washers' clothes- 
press. Kel. XVI, 7 Win bl» 'a the carpenter's vise (for 
straightening wood), v. yiwa; Tosef. ib. B. Bath. I, 8 W33a 
13.5 S>1B. Ib. 15 '31 ?|3tt3 b>!D 'a the leather worker's press' on 
which he stretches the hides. Y. Sabb. XX, end, 17 d ; a. e. 

l"D!Q f. (b. h.; n33) wound, plague, stroke,blow. Sabb. 
134 b . T Meg. 13 b (ref. to Esth. Ill, 1) hXISI . . . KiaiB 1HK 
'ab after the Lord had prepared the healing of the wound 
(the means of salvation); a. v. fr.— miSS ffia, niH33 'a, 
nma 'a &c, v. respective determinants. Sot. Ill, 4 naa 
•pWIS Y. ed. (Bab. a. Mish. nisja) the wound inflicted by 
the Pharisees, i. e. injury done under the pretext of strict 
adherence to the letter of the law, or of benevolence; Y. 
ib. 19 a '31 M3S )tvii KlfflB ill '3 'a 'the plague of the Phar- 
isees' is he who advises heirs to evade paying aliment- 
ation to the widow. Ib. na 1352 '3 'a It (collect, pi.) the 
Pharisean plague has struck her; ib. 13 IMS '3 'a HI his 
friends under the pretext of benevolence have deprived 
him of the benefit of the poor-law; Y. Peah VIII, 21 a 
bot.— Sot. io b (play on ansa, v. ^a) '=1 nari iroa nrotva 
his defect was a perfection, for he was born circumcised; 
[Bashi: 'the place where he was to be wounded']. — PI. 
Fftea. Ex. B. s. 10; a. fr.-^Snh. I, 2 nu&ua 'a corporal 
punishment (lashes, v. Wiplja) must he decreed by a court 
of, three. Ib. 10 a labnthb iiWiflri 'a a number of lashes 
which is divisible by three (39); a. fr. — Maccoth (Ptmish- 

ments), a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, Talmud Babli 
a. Y'rushalmi,, of the Order of N'zikin. 

(1 1 DD f. (b. h.; ni3) burnt spot on the skin, burn. Neg. 
IX, l T/ a son 11 IBisn nana Kinio ba all wounds produced 
through fire (directly or indirectly) are called 'burns'. Ib. 
VIII, 7 'an rvmna the cicatrization of a burn. Ib. IX, 2; 
Sifra Thazr.,Neg., Par. 4, ch.VII '31 'al ywB )"» an inflam- 
mation and a burn cannot be combined (to make up the 
minimum size required for uncleanness) ; a. fr. 

| TDQ m, 0)13) a straightening device,vise. Pesik.Zutr,, 
Haaz. (p. Ill ed.Bub.) '31 &6l 'aa 13H3 he placed it (the 
crooked wood) in a vise, and it was not straightened ; 
(Sifre Deut. 308; Yalk. Deut. 942; Yalk. Bz. 362, corrupt 
versions); cmp. 2333a. 

"TlTpXDi 012 pr. n. Mikhvar, Makhvar, a district of 
Peraea.' [The situation of Machaerus forbids its identi- 
fication with our w.] Targ. Y. I, II Num. XXXII, 1 ; ib. 
XXI, 32 (Y.Iiaaa; h. text IIS''). Ib. XXXII, 35 (Y. I 'a 

anais, n nnaa-Va; h. text nnaa^i us**).— y.e. Hash, ii, 

58 a top 11151 'a iin ; (Bab. ib. 23 b ; Tosef. ib. II (I), 2 Diirt 
iv>3l),v.lil5; Y. Shebi. IX, 38 d bot; ( d^in 
inlliani ed. Zuck., v. Var. ib. note).— Tarn. Ill, 8 'a in 
(Talm. ed. 30 b lis) ; Yoma 39 b 1a3a 11H (Ms. G. 1113a ; Ms. 

M. niin; Ms. m. 2 iii&oa). 

'j'vlDiQ m. pl..(bl3, Vfesi; cmp. nbi3) curtain, cover. 
Targ. II Kings XXIII, 7 (Ar. f^tsa). T 

yOD m. (h. h.; ^a) defined place; plan; residence. 
Sot. VIII, 3 1313a bS tra h3ian he who rebuilds a house 
on its old place and plan. Lam.B. introd. (B. Joh. I)isi3ab 
•jTOJKIh to my original residence (heaven).— Bsp. Makhon, 
name of one of the seven heavens. Hag. 12 b . 

<!j \OQ f. (preced.) a place where animals are kept 
ready for' slaughtering ; stall, coop. — JK. rviaisa. Ohol. 
VIII, 1.— [Y.Sabb. XVII, 16 b top nsiaaai, v. swsia.] 

MFD;DZ3 f. Cp3Pa.) looking out, lurking.— Targ. 
Jud. V, 11 "pB&ib HStoa n^a the place where robbers lie 

TVyOD, v. nyan. 
riTTOQ, v. niisa. 

ttJlSiQ'I m. (B33) Aoe, spwd!; digging with the spud. B. 
Bath. 54 a '3i ins 'a na wanaj pa (Ms. B. na mania) as 
soon as he has inserted the spud once, he hastaken posses- 
sion of the entire field. Ib. iaba TO3a Qlpa only the 
place where he dug. — [Y. Ned. IV, beg. 38 c bia dlinp 
'a, v. ©1315.] 

ID'OQ II m. (ttSate, v. \rJ31U» l) clapper of a bell. Midr. 

Till, to Ps. VII, 10 '31 ba "ilBSfflal iiassb nail like a 

golden bell whose clapper is made of a jewel-. — 2)'hammer, 



striking with the hammer. Ab. Zar. I9 b inna 'a the last 
stroke (driving the nail in).— [Tosef. Mikv. VI (VII), 17 
dUBlsam, ed. Zuck., read: t3HSni3an, v. U333.] 

tlTSD, »tt5i3Dl, T\tf\OD_ oh. same, fca«m e n 
knocker. Lev. E. s. ; 24 'a rr>i> mm 18a whoever has a 
hammer (or a hoe, v. next w.). Gen. R. s. 44 (ed. Wil. 
niflisa) ; Yalk. ib. 77 nffl13a, v. 1»©3. Y. Meg. Ill, 73 d hot., 

v. xiBtea. 

5tf©13H II ch.=h. aiisal, flof, spade. Lev. E. s. 25 
'31 nH2J13a lISoi (Var. in Ar. 8b& Sbi) shall take up his 
spade and go out and plaint trees. 

D1DD f. pqa) 1). poverty. B. Mets. 114 a ; Arakh. 17 b 
(ref. to ^a, Lev. XXVII, 8) '31 ihiaaa 8nHB IS he must 
have remained in his impoverished condition from the 
beginning to the end of the proceedings.— 2) humility. Gen. 
E.s.74, end (play on area, Ps.LX,l) MarYl WDa humility 
(of David) and innocence ; Yalk. Sam. 147 Trft niani 'a. 

Ni 11 DD f. (Assyr. makua, v. Frankel Zeitschr. fur As- 
syriol. Ill, p. 53 ; Proceed. Soc. for Bibl. Archaeol. 1887, 
p. 103) a certain kind of boat, (low boat?). Keth.69 b 8Hp&8 
'al ; (Taan. 21* KNW, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 300), v. 
85IP&8; [Bashi: sail]. B.Bath. 161 b 'a (1113) drew a 
ship in place of his name (Rashb. mast); Gitt. 36 a ; 87 b 
(Rashi: sail-yard). 

Tl-DD f. (re:) a bite. Koh. E. to VI, 11 [read:] Kin IS 
'a, v. "Wpsa. 

biriDD, bhDD m. $>ro) staff used for painting the 
eye. -Kef. XIII, 2 ton VoW'a a painting staff the spoon- 
shaped side of which is broken off; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. 
Ill, 5, v. -at. Snh. 68 a niBlSffia "as ; Cant. R. to I, 3, v. 
WSJ a. ion. B. Mets. 91 a niBlBffin 'as as the painting- 
stick is inserted in the tube; Mace. 7 a ; a. e. 

tfbrDDm., XSjbTDQ f. ch. same. B. Kam. 117 a 
itSSSI 'aa irb iVl Ar! (ed. 8rf> . . . .) they lifted his eye- 
lids with a silver stick. — PI. i]?H3a. Gitt. 69 a 'a 8n*>n 
three staff-fuls of paint. 

"012, fcOD (v. r^a) to decline, bend. Targ. Jud. V, 4; 
a, e.'(v- tpm). : 

A/ 1 . i3a8 to lower. Gen. R. s. 17, beg. n&s6 teas', she 
lowered her face (looked down sulkily); Lev.R.s. 34 reax 
8B8 b$ (corr. ace). 

Wipe, isantf to be bent down, depressed. Targ. Ps. 
XXXVIII, 9 Hasans* (ed.Wil. m3ahS; h. text itYeii). 
Ib. CVI, 43. Targ.' Job XXIV, 24 (Ms. 13i3anx). 

"OD m., WOD, fTOD f. (preced.) 1) bent, cowed, 
timid. Lev. R.V 13 [read:] STO 8ai la 8p!3& "Q 8MVI 8in 
'31 'a Ar. (ed. K h 3aa) an animal coming on land from the 
water is timid, coming out of the forest, it is not; Cant. 
R. to III, 4 (corr. ace). — 2) low. - PI. 8153a. Gen. R. s. 
32 8in 'a la IS if it is one of the low mounts; (Cant. R. 
to IV, 4 8*3133, v. next w.). 

ipsa, $yoa m'., #ood_, as^aa f.cp?) o&w; 

lowly, humble. Targ. Lev. XIII, 20, sq.— Targ. Prov. XVIII, 
14 (ed. Wil. 8R33a). Ib. XVII, 27 ; a. iv.—Pl. yeiBo, 85313a. 
Targ. Is. LVII, 15. Targ. Job V, 11 ; a. fr.— Cant. R. to 
IV, 4, v. preced. [—2) bolder, cushion, v. 833a.] 

HniD'SQ f. (preced.) 1) loioliness, humilitg. .Targ. 
Koh. X, 6; "a.~e.— 2) languor. Ib. 18 sniipSH n"Di3a lan- 
guor in the observance of (he law (h. text Dili rrt>BUi). 

. X^OD, W&VQ, *Z?Q f. (to) 1) measure of ca- 
pacity; trnsf. (v. lila) 'retribution, dealing out. Targ. 0. 
Deut. XXV, 14. Targ. I Chr. XXIII, 29 ; a. fr— Targ. Job 
IX, 22 'a 8in the same destiny.— PI. 1^3a, fpsa, 8rfci3a, 
'tea. Targ. Y. Deut. 1. c. Targ. O. Lev. XIX, 36 (Y. iVea, 
read : 1^ . . .). Y. B. Bath. V, end, 1 5 b 'a *>3 in a H1H punish- 
ed for false measures.— 2) a vessel used in connection with 
the show-bread in the Temple. — PI. KnVea. Targ. Ex. 
XXV, 29 (h. textrviipia); a. e.— 3) (cmp.niaj a collection 
of rules of interpretation, treatise, tract. Gitt. 44 a k ,ns 
^iftVoan read it up in thy collection (Boraitha). Pes. 48 a 
'31 'aa nib II1I8I and his reply is recorded in another 
collection.— Y. Ab. Zar. IV, 44 b top 'a . . piss R.Y. pro- 
duced the M'khilta (v. infra; v. Mekh. Mishp. s. 20, ed. 
Weiss, p. 107, note 100). — PI. 18^i3a. Lev. R. s. 3, beg. 
'a 13 . . . hiniSI he likes to be called a man mastering 
many Mekhiltas ; Koh. R. to IV, 6 'a 11a (some ed. 8^n3ia, 
l»iiteia, v. fc63ia II).— Esp. M'khilta, or M.d'U R.Yish- 
mael, a Halakhic and Midrashic book on Exodus from 
ch. XII, to XXXV. 

-P3D, V. 133. 

"TOD, Pirke d'R. El. ch. XXXVIII, read 8113a, v. 

TTTOD f. (13a) sale. R.Hash. 26 b ; Sot.l3 a , v.nii3I. 
Y. Kidd. I,'59 a 'a 'a we draw an analogy between the ex- 
pressions 13a (Deut. XV, 12 a. Ex. XXI, 7). Ib-botmsnaffl 
'a btiJ the seventh year counted from the date of sale, 
opp. rfsIS ill) the Sabbatical year. B. Kam. 68 a n3H«5 'a 
niim a sale which cannot be reconsidered; a. fr. — Y. 
Maas. Sh. Ill, beg. 54 a mnva 1'nitta its sale is permitted 
in a special Biblical passage (Deut. XIV, 24, sq.). 

^"■"PDD {\i.a.ya.Koa.)knives,daggers. Tanh.Vayhi9 
(play on'niisa, Gen. XLIX, 5) hl3lrf> flip© 8in 1311 ITOb 
'a it is Greek, in which swords are called machaerin. 
Gen. R. s. 99 'a Kin W ywA; Pirke d'R. El. ch. XXXVIII 
1i3a amV Qi811p tawniS (read: 81i3a). Gen. R. s. 88 
'31 13h5 'a 813ip (combine into one word: xo^So[i.a^sipa,v. 
S. compounds of xovxo) they put short daggers in to their 
shoes. Lev. E. s. 33, beg. "pieia (corr. ace), v. 81D3ia. 

ijiTsraa, v. i:ii-o&im'. - 

TV&OD, v.rx&ssal. 

5JDD (v. 'rpa), Hif. T^ain to bend, lower. Tosef. Naz. 
IV, 7 '31 H8 insaiii I bent my head. 
■ Nif. t^a: to be crushed. Sifi e Deut. 296 S3a3, v. bVK 

Nithpa. ^Bans, v. Tjasa. 


HDQ ch. same, to lower, level; to humiliate. Targ. Y. 
Ex. Xri, 37 Ol t^ab to level mountains. Targ. Ps. XXXV, 
15 (h. text nTM).— Pari. pass.: ?p3a, pZ. ■pS'Oa laid under, 
bolstered. Targ. Ez. XXIII, 41, v. next w. 

Pa. ^3a same. Targ. Y. Num. XIV, 14. Targ. Prov. 
XXII, 22.— Targ. Lam. Ill, 34. Targ. Ps. CXLVII, 6 [read :] 
TpSoa, v. ^Xa; a. e.— Toma 84 b i3!l3a ^tsa Bashi a. Ms. 
0. (ed. Tpaaa, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 9; Ms. L. "pa&a 
Tsftb, v. TjbO) lie subdues the flame (and produces a coal 
fire which can be utilized). 

Ithpa. ^Banst to be humbled, east down. Targ. Ps. 
XLII, 6; a.e. 

5020 m. (preced.; cmp. 'rpa) bolster, cushion. Targ. 
Ez. XXIII, 41 ip*i 'a iibiba ed. Lag. (ed. only 1p^ IWsa, 
corr. ace.) bolstered with cushions of honor. Targ.II Sam. 
XVII, 28 ed. Lag. (ed. fOsn, corr. ace; h. text a31ija). 
- Targ. Am. VI, 7. ed. Lag. (ed. f^aa). 

52D m. Cai) fraud, adulteration. Mekh. Mishp. s. 13, 
v. b^. 

&6DD, v. *#*. 

FI3DH, '"Q f. (b. h.; hte) perfection.— PI. nibaa,'ia; 
am 'a (Vessels) made of pure gold. Men. 29 a (expl. ant 'a, 
II Chr.IV,21) '31 an? S>a;> in^affl it used tip all the locked 
up gold of Solomon. 

H J212 m. (rhs) Destroyer, name of an angel of judg- 
ment.' De'ut. B. s. 3, v. laiun. 

W$XSD, v. srttepa. 

. TU72U, Cant. B. to II, 15, v. KTllt^a. 

NJlbbDQ pr. n. pi. (&3) Makhlalta {Grown). Targ. 
Y. Num' XXXII, 3 ; 34 (h. text nilDS, Mhos). lb. 35 nWsaa 
(Y. II "I 'a ; h. text STUBS). 

KFfeq, v. «yw. 

&TTDDD, Yalk. Dan. 1061 some ed., v. X^rtsa. 

"i1j3DD, pi. "p")iaa», v. next w. 

TTfiCpD, irnQDD f. (b. h.; *iaa to hide) trap, small 
fisher's net, 'contrad/to Bin. Y. Pes. IV, 30 d top; Y. M. 
Kat. II, end, 81 15 'aa KIM "is one may fish with the small 
net. Y. Yeb. XVI, 15 d top (prob. to be read: nil. . .pi), 
v. las.— PZ. niiiasa, "pTiaaa, nrfflba. Tosef. Bets. Ill, 1 ; 
Y. ib.*62 a top. Yeb. 121 a "plaaa; Tosef. ib.XIV, 6 nilaao 
(Var.nijmaaa, readnii-niaao, fr.n'niaaa). Kel.xxill, 5. 
Makhsh. V, 7. Pirke d'B. El. ch. Li bfrnnaDaa pnw 
will be caught in the nets laid for them; a. e. 

SJDDJ3 (v. T|5a) to crush. . 

Nithpalp. ^aaahi to be crushed. Snh. 101 b (Ar. ad. pr. 
tjsaria); cmp. t]?a.' 

DHDD, v. next w. 

&DDQ pr. n. pi. (b. h.'ilJaaa) Mikhmas in Benjamin. 
Men. Vill, 1 (Bab. ed. 83 b Wba, corr. ace; v. Babb. D. 
S. a. 1.) ; Tosef. ib. IX, 2 daSa ed. Zuck. (Var. ba . .). 

"ID5D, v..iBf. ■ 

"IDDD m. (b. h., v. m\mo)trap,net. B. Kam. 117 a .— 
pmosa, Esth. B. to VI, 10 ed. Wil., read wnaba.] 

TIDISD f. constr. (compound of a, 3 a. Sa; cmp. 
Saw) o/ttose Mre. Targ. Ps. LXXIII,15 ed'.Lag., v. XaSX 


b^DDD, Men. 83 b , v.baba.— [Gen.E. s. 31 ItWfia, some 
ed., v. next w.]. 

WDQ m. (t»3) 1) sfonw# wp, fairf-m stocA:. Y. Kil. 

II, beg.' 27 c 'a "pi in the way of storing up (for home 
consumption). Gen. B. s. 31 ibiaa ail, v. nVw. Y. De-m. 

III, 22 c top bS"i(13ia IBJaa ail the larger portion of his 
storage conies from Jews.— 2) "a n^a the lower side of the 
shovel, v. Date. Y. B. Mets. IX, beg. 12 a . 

DlDDpD, D^&DDD m.du. (b.h.; S») [clothes of 
retirement,] undergarment, drawers. Yoma VII, 5. Ib. 
23 b 'xh DTlp iai sni s&» that there must be no garment 
put on before (under) the drawers; a, fr. 

■pfcDDQ, 'JO ch. same. Targ. 0. Lev. VI, 3; a. e. 

fct7ffi53DD f. (B553) gathering in. B. Mets. 2l a iai 'a 
ill the season of storing up the grains from the thresh- 
ing floor; ib. b iivai 'a (corr. ace). [Ar. s. v. ttJJS, reads 
XMUiaSi, and explains: the sweepings of the threshing 
floor.] ' 

DDD (denom. of next w.) to pay toll on. Midr.Till. 
to Ps.~0XVIII, 20 '31 to toia "pil* DK unless thou payest 
the toll on all thy goods, thou wilt have nothing left. — 

tDD m. (b. h.; DD3) [marking off, counting,] toll, tax. 
Succ.'30 a 'ah ffz the custom-house. Sabb. 33 b ; Ab.Zar. 
2^ 'a ana VlB'Tb b^lttW. anapn you put up bridges in order 
to raise toll on them. Ib. 13 a 'an nK "b n^" 1 to him shall ■ 
the toll be remitted. Tanh. Lekh 5 'pan ittJ 'a *» collect 
the duty as if it were wheat; a. fr.— PA nisttfta. Ab. d'B. 
N. ch. XXVIII. 



l^&DD, 'yfa ch. same. Gen. B. s. 40 'xb NDa"! )V>5 
(='a "ob) when he arrived at the custom-house. lb. 3fi 
'a pay toll. Ab. Zar. 4 a '31 'a frt IpMD they released him 
from taxes for thirteen years. [K&3a, infin. of XbS, v. 
1&3.]— PL i&3a, la. 'a ia Custom Souse, name of a place. 
Keth. 112 a top; Yeb. 45 a ; Gitt. 46 b ; v. SMS II. 

Itf tCO> v. atesia. 

latoDB, v. JOtoa. 

H&pD m. (b. h.; n03II) 1) tent-cover. Sahb. 28 a ; a. 
e.— PL hiKMa. lb. Num.E,. s. 12, end; a. e.— 2) (v.Lev. 
Ill, 3) the cover of the inwards, peritoneum. Y. Hor. I, 
46 a top 'a ^1B1 (not 'aiil) and the fat of the peritoneum. 

*yHi032/" l &3E m. pl.(i&3, cmp. Arab, kasar and 
denom.) division, settlement of shares (cmp. &3a). Y'lamd. 
to Num. XXIII, 10, quot. in Ar. rtlDSrYl "]V» ni* VianiD3»s 
'31 'art when thou (Balaam) takest thy share and makest 
a settlement, thou shalt agree with (or thank) me. [Ar. 
refers to tllMS,] 

T\tOD, Y. Sabb. VI, end, 8 d 'ab SUp, read: fi&3a>, 
v. KMia. 

&13" l t!lT l bDD, Mekh. Yithro, Amal., s. 2 end, read: 
1i&ittii&3» m. pi. (TaSswTYji;) magistrate's assistants. 

1DDQ (denom. of next w.) to chastise. [Targ. Ps. XCIV, 
12,ni5'iSBSa, Var. ed. Lag., read : 'ton, v. 103.] 

Ithpa. 1&3anx to be chastised. Targ. Job XXXIII, 19. 

StfD&DH m. flb3) chastiser. — PI. i3&3a. Targ. Prov. 
XXIV, T 25 (ed. Lag.'i2&3xa, Ms. iiX&3a)I ' 

S^ri^ppQ f. (preced.) chastisement, rebuke. Targ.Ps. 
L, 17. T lb. XXXIX, 12 (some ed. '3ba, corr. ace); a.e.— 
PL KniiJtoa (v. next w.). lb. XXXVIII, IS. Targ. Job 
XXIII, 4 KrVnSBSB ed. Lag. (corr. '113&3a or 'i^&sa; oth. 
ed. sing.). 

JO^J&pQ same. Targ. Job XXXI, 23 rT«;»» Ms. 
(ed. Lag. -&n&a; ed. Wil. iiBDa). 

!"l£DD, Y. Succ. II, end, 53 b , read : ttepa. 

H^SOO f. (b. h.; i|3) doubling, coupling. Erub. 53 a 
'a liiifi that is the reason why it is called 'double cave'. 
lb. 'a "WH why is it called &c.?— -Gen. R. s. 98 JsKIBJi S»1B 
'art MSaa 13i3i» hear, oh Israel, our father of the double 

""023 (b. h.; cmp. .*"!13) to sell. Sifre Deut. 169 (ref. to 
Deut. XVIII, 8) '31 1138**13 what have the fathers sold 
to one another? (Answ. the weekly turns); Succ. 56 a ; 
Y. ib. V, end, 55 d . B. Bath. 64 b , a. fr. 13ia fiBi ywa 131a 
the seller is presumed to sell liberally, i. e. to sell all ex- 
' cept that which is specified as excluded ; 'a fiSI 'pisa 'a he 
sells only that which is specified as sold. Ib. IV, 1 .". . 13iafi 
'31 'a &b if one sells . . ., he has not implicitly sold &c. 
Sot. HI, 8 '31 ni3ia tVDtm yw a woman cannot sell her 

daughter; a. v. fr.— Part. pass. 113a ; f. fi113a; pi. Di113a, 
■pTDa; nilttrf. Tosef. Ab. Zar. Ill (IV), 18 'a fit ilfi he 
is sold (the sale is valid). B. Bath. IV, 3. Tosef. B. Kam. 
VII, 8 '31 'all wine casks which have been sold to 
the shopkeeper (awaiting delivery); a. v. fr. 

Nif. 13a; to be sold. Sot. 1. c. ni3a? . . . 'i fflixfi a man 
can be sold for his theft, but a woman cannot &c. Mekh. 
Mishp. s. 2 ; a. fr. 

""DD, Ithpa. '"bains (denom. of 13a) to be made ac- 
quainted. Targ. Prov. XIX, 14 Var. ed^Lag. (ed. Kldana, 
v. 10a). 

~DH m. (b. h. ; 13a) sale. Kidd. 6 b fiip ab 'a3 if the 
transaction is a sale (of land), he has not acquired pos- 
session (by delivering the purchasing money as a loan). 
Ib.47 a 'aa 'jniBI and they agree in the case of a sale. Keth. 
XI, 4 kn |-h3a her sale is invalid; a. fr.— V. 13aa. 

~DQ m. (b. h.; 133) acquaintance, friend. Y.Gitt.III, 
45 a i»> 'a a*i') has the poor man a friend ?, i. e., is he who 
separates the poor man's tithes permitted to reserve them 
for a certain person? — PL &11S0, constr. 1130. Ib. 'a3 
'31 M51fi3 the Mishnah speaks of friends of priests or Le- 
vites (to whom the owner is in the habit of giving the 
priestly shares); Bab. ib. 30 a . Ib. *>inp i6 'a3 (sub. fiSlCD) 
3 not distinctly speak of friends. Hull. 

ISTSD ch. same. Targ. II Kings XII, 6.— PL ",113a. 
Ib. 8. TT 

riTOP f. pi. 1) (13a) sales, trnsf. m. (cmp. ninipV) 
seller. Gen'.K.s. 98 (ref. to Gen.XLIX, 6 ~n'l3») for whom 
are those weapons fit? 'SI'JfiinilSai to their seller, to Esau 
who sold the birth-right (to their father). -2) (=nil3a, fr. 
135, cmp. 13a) friendship, neighborhood, neighbors. Tanh. 
Vayhi 9; Gen. B,. s. 99 (ref. to Gen. 1. c.) dfiini13a at'il 
'31 t3fiirniiaa(ed. Wil. '113a) and some say m'kherothehem, 
means their neighborhoods (ed. Wil.: and some say, read 
it m'khorothehen) as we read (Ez. XVI, 3) &c— V. 111*03. 

1 n ""DD, Y. Hall. I, 58 a top 'a nt>i3 (ed. Krot. y-ISa) 
prob. to be read 11131a, the dough prepared by sellers 
(intended to be used as leaven). 

51210D m. (b. h. ; bw) hindrance. Succ. 52 a msuy- 
'a iSIp Isaiah called the evil inclination 'hindrance' (Is. 
LVII, 14). 

"PE5 DQ m., pi. pTEJpD (11233) \)preparatorymeans, 
preliminary acts. Meg. 7 b li"3S ^31X i1H2J3a acts prelimin- 
ary to the preparation of food (as grinding the slaughter- 
ing knife &c). Ib. liiHUsa xbl Slfi it says (Ex. XII, 16) 
'that' (alone may be done), but not its preliminaries. Ib. 
'31 11BBJW) 'a acts which might have been done a day 
before. Erub. 102 b , sq. fiisa'a requirements of a religious 
act (to be performed on the Sabbath, v. fifil). Sabb. 136 a 
fibia 'a requirements for circumcision. Tosef. Pes. V, 1 ; 
Y.Sabb.XIX, 17 a top;— 2) Makhshirin (things which 
make an object fit for levitical uncleanness), name of a 


^tBJLJ m. (b. h.;' t|i&) sorcerer. Snh. VII, 4. lb. 11 'art 
rtttJSa filBlStt a sorcerer, that is, be who performs a real act 
of sorcery; a. fr. — PZ. tJi&lBsa. Tanh. Vaera 3. Snh. 67 b 
•pn 'a bbsa . . . aiK 06 and' Tid'oni are included in the 
law against sorcerers ; a. fr. 

nSI2pQf.G>.h.; preced.) sorceress. Snh.67 a iniS'a 
"SI ffiiSil by the expression 'sorceress' (Ex. XXII, 17) both 
man and woman are meant. Y.ib.II, end, 25 d 'aruBISa on 
the section treating of sorcery ; a. e. 

ifilDffiCO f. (preced.) sorcery. Tanh. Vayetse 12 'aa 
(some ed. IBttftaa, corr. ace.) with sorcerous charms, v. 

•ps ii. 

DFDD m.(b. h.; are) writ, letter. Ab. V, 6, a. e. ansn 
'am, V! are.— PI. trarea, Tsrea. Tosef. Sabb. xvn 
(XVIII), 8 T CP3"oai» 'allied. Zuck. "pansart) the public 
announcements in cities. 

SFOQj &OFDD ch. same. Targ. Esth. IX, 27. — PI. 
■pat-Da.' Targ.Y.i Deut. XXXII, 8. 

^?02 m. (preced. wds.) writing tool, pencil, stylus. 
Kel. XIIL' 2; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. Ill, 4 'SI afilSrt .baSU) 'a 
the stylus of which the pointed end is broken off, v. ania ; 
Y. Sabb. VIII, ll b bot. Kidd.21 b ; a.e— PZ. D^ansa, yiatoa. 
Y. Taan. VI, 69 a top '51 ISIS lbbrt 'aa (not Crtairoaa) with 
these our pencils we shall march out and stab. them; Lam. 
B. to II, 2 ; to III, 49. 

ISDFD1G eh.. same. Ab. Zar. 22 b v. abw. 

X^-On, v. area ch. 

Dimron, y. awn. 

^DTlFpD f. pi. (v. are) after-crop. Sabb. llO b 'aa 

DPDDm. (b. h.; bH3) impression., writ.—Pl.^myq. 
Tosef. T Sabb. XVII (XVIII), 8 ed. Zuck., v. area h. 

E)?D)2 m. (b. h.; Sir©) 1) mortar. Y. Peah II, 17 a top, 
v. 12ire.— 2) mortar-shaped cavity;— S) jaw. Gen. B. s. 98 
(expl. Jud. XV, 19) lain 'a Xlrtrt dlpart that plaee was 
named Malchtesh (Cavity); ib. '31 lb SOarra laba it in- 
timates that the Lord opened to him a spring from between 
his (the ass') teeth (taking "a as jaw). — 4) an instrument 
of torture. Tosef. Kel. B, Mets. VII, 8, v. "«i6. Pesik. Shek. 

W^U, NfflFDlG m. (ttire) 1) wound, plague, afflic- 
tion. Targ. Ex. XI, 1. Targ. Lev. XIII, 29; a. fr.— [Targ. 
Y. Gen. XII, 19 fem.~]—Pl. yuirea, ran. Targ. Gen. XII, 
17. Targ. Ps.LXXXIX, 33.-2) [pounding. -PI. ^23re»,'rea. 

Targ. Prov. XXVII, 22, combining massoretic vers, with 
one from which LXX. a. Pesh. are translated, v. t^S.] 

n25?P<Q f. (preced.) 1) mortar. B. Bath. IV, 3 'art 
rtSlSprt the stationary mortar in the house, lb. 65 b ; Tosaf. 
ib. Ill, 1 rtplpfi 'art a mortar hewn out of a.rook in the 
house. Taan. 28 a ; a. fr.— 2) cavity. Tosef. Nidd. VIII, 6; 
Nidd. 61 a mass* rtxba 'a a hole in the ground full of 

bn, v. bla. 

Jl2 m. (bba) brittle, easily crushed. Sifra Vayikra, 
N'dab., ch.XIV, Par. 13 (play on bare, Lev. II, 14) 5a ^ 
tender, yet brittle; Men. 66 b bal *p (Ms. M. xbai "IS, v. 
Babb. D. S. a. 1. note); Y. Sabb. I, 2 d bot. Kba -•) (corr. 

ace), v. bare. 

&7I2, v. xrfpa a. rtki. 

&OJ2 I (b. h.) to be full, v. &6» II. — Tosef. Dem. V, 
24 -jS'^sba "]Kirt how could thy heart be so full of 
thyself, i. e- how daredst thou? 

Pi. &6a, ssia to fill, to draw (water). Erub. VIII, 6 
'SI 'pi&aa pS (Y. ed. pbaa) you must not draw water 
out of it on the Sabbath, 'b. Bath. 162 b fanpa tiil*!b*a 
if he filled the vacant space on the document with the 
signatures of relatives; Gitf. 87 b . Hor. ll b dlpa Kbaa 
rtlrt iTiiai* he was filling his ancestors' place, was a direct 

Hithpa. sbanrt, Nithpa. s&aro to be filled. Ber. 3 b ; 
59 a 'si &6ana -nan -pK, v. trtin i. Y. Succ. Ill, end, 54 a 
■Opt KJaarPtt) 13 until he has a full beard. Y. Ber. IX, 13 d 
bot. am "iliiT ^atlrt be full of gold denars ; rtxiana rtrvni 
and it became filied with &c. Gen. B. s. 33 lbs D">»ni siifeaWT 
lbs* bs be merciful to one another. Ib. in*jrartl1..' i n''in 
bialTl rt^bS I saw her in distress and was filled with.pity 
for her ; a. fr. 

l&JH ch. same, v. iba. 

abq ii m., ft&jbn, nsobq f. (b. h.) fun. Ab. iv, 

20 ')115'"a ffii many a new vessel is full of old wine 

(many a young man is full of wisdom). Meg. 6 a (ref. to 
Ez. XXVI, 2) 11 rtairt 1? 'a bs when one (of the two 
cities, Jerusalem and C.aesarea) is full, the other is waste; 
a. fr.— Esp. a full month, of thirty days. Bekh. 58 a pSa"*! 
'31 'a at times (in some years) it is full, at times defective, 
v. "Oh; a. ir—Pl. t^sba, pxba, "iba; f. nisba, "*ba. Ber. 
57 a ; Erub. 19 a , a. e. -jla-lS tlisa 'a are full of good deeds 
as a pomegranate (is full of seeds); a. fr. — [rtsba as a 
noun, v. rt&pba.] 

*6q h., aba ch., v . »*». 

!"!iOD, v. !*ba II. 

"'^bD pr. n. m. M'laS. Sabb. 139 a (Ms. 0. itfbaffl, v. 
Snh.'98 a j- 

"'S^^D I m. (sba) store, ^roods, merchandise. Pes. 3l b 


B113S ba) 'al and the goods (in the store) belong to gen- 
tiles. Tosef.ib.I(II), 17 biOffli im 'an if the goods belong 
to an Israelite. Pes. 53 b 'SltTOb'a ViBah b3 one who throws 
the profits of merchandise into the purse of scholars, i. 
e., gives scholars an opportunity of gaining a livelihood — 
Sabb. 56 a BTO ibS3 bs lb^an 'a they (the sons of Samuel) 
forced goods on private people (abused their station by 
makingpeople their mercantile agents or their customers); 
Tosef. Sot. XIV, 6; ib. 5; a. e. 


II m. husk, glume, v. sba. 
i, ch. Cba) Mw o/ 1 m 

I. II, 61 c 

top, quot. in Hiddushe Mei'ri, v. "^bla. 

Jj^^D m. (b.h.; -|i*b to work, cmp. nsb) messenger, 
esp. a«#eZ. Gen. R. s. 50 '31 filBIS 1HK 'a "p« one angel 
never performs two missions. Snh. 96 a "SlftfrmB 'a lhlK 
the name of the angel that came to Abraham was Night. 
Gen. E. s. 9 d""h 7,Kbn angel of life. Ib., a. fr. mail 'a 
(abbrev. a"na) angel of death ; a. v. fr.— PL ffo&tba. Ib. 
s. 50 '31 'a i2H) xbl nor do two angels go on one mission. 
Ib. 'a mala lb la15 they appeared to him as angels. Ib. 
'a )Hnp ItwrtlD HBSffla after they have done their mission, 
the text calls them messengers. Y. B. Hash. I, 56 d bot. 
'31 ite 'an WraiB S)S the names of the angels, too, came 
(to Palestine) with them (the exiles) from Babylonia; 
Gen.R. s. 48.— miB(n) i3!*ba (abbrev. B"na,n"a) the min- 
istering angels. Sabb. 55 b n"a4 fcOSI the teacher who said 
(ib. top) that the angels asked the Lord &o. Ned. 20 a "1 
n"a ">b 1h& b^iai four things did the ministering angels 
tell me; ib. b, pai IT'a'jKa 'the ministering angels' means 
teachers; ©aa n"a ministering angels in the true sense. — 
Tosef. Sabb. XVII (XVIII), 3 'jOV> "Saba messengers of 
hindrance, opp. to ID'tVO. — Y. Shebu. VI, 37 a bot., a. fr. 

nban "os&a, v. nban.— Hag. 5 b , a. fr. bibiu(n) -ostba the 
angels of peace ; a. v. fr. 

JJ&OD, &0&Oa ch. same. Targ. Y. I Ex. IV, 25; a. 
fr.— PI. .S^SKba, ■)'■> 3«ba, ^sba. Targ. Gen. XIX,1;— 
B. Bath. 75 a Ol Sipia 'a ilh liibB two angels in heaven, 
Michael and ■ Gabriel, differ. Ib. '31 nii» 'a XTn he saw 
ministering angels sitting &c. Koh. E. to IX, 11 (ref. to 
Ps. LXVIII,13) '31 'al ■pj-ttsba '"*)!* even the chiefs of the 
angels, Michael and Gabriel, were afraid of Moses. Taan. 
24 b , v.arfeo;a. fr. 

nD^bQ,rDiOQ f. (b. h.; preced.) work, trade, vo- 
cation; task. Ab. I, 10 'an ns amx love trade, opp. to 
rVMI, office. Ned. 49 b , v. Vila. Ber. 17 a "VSa irosba -MX 
my work (study) is done in town, 'SI iYTDa taM&a Sim 
and his, in the field &c, v. ina. Ab. II, 14 SjPpS&a bsa 
thy employer (the -Lord). Ib. 15 nana 'am *)2p'dlin the 
day (life) is short, and the task great. Ab. d'E. N. ch. XI 
na©a 'a la 1tt»1 (not ntD5>1) and they made, him work on 
the Sabbath. Sabb. VII, 1 'a as, v. ax; a. — Pl.tfoaka. 
Ib. '31 "nairt 'a niUS he did several (forbidden) labors 
e Sabbaths. Ib. 2, v. as; a. v. fr. 

rftD^bni (b.h.; denom. of ^aba) messenger's fun 

Hon, angeldom. Gen. E. s. 50; Yalk. ib. 84 /a Ifflab they 
put on the appearance of angels. 

"DcOZJ (b. h.) pr. n. m. Malachi, the prophet. Meg. 
15 a *a-ria ffl 'a M. means Mordecai, '31 'a lalB Sips nabi 
and why is he called M. (minister)? Because he was vice- 
roy. Ib.lalS'a the prophet's real name was M. Ib. niKiaia 
'a in the prophetic book of M.— Ex. E. s. 28; a. e. 

' ^DSSiblQ f. ch.=h. S-Bffca, {the priestly gift from) the 
fruits T lmd in store. Targ. O. Num. XVIII, 27 ed. Berl. 
(oth.ed.NK*ba;Ms.I srfba, IIKn^ba; Y. atrial aian). 

^lilba m. (b. h. BJab) dress, cover. Shek. V, 1 'an bs, 
v. tiab dif.— Deut. E. s. T 7, end itiSiaba its dress (shell), v. 

yi&n. T Sabb. ii3 a '31 *]ajiaba3 naa bus Tjiiiiaba swrr xbffl 
that thy Sabbath dress be not the same as thy week- 
day dress. 

I^iba v. ^a. • 

^D^ba, "^"OSpa m. pi. (a corrupt, of mala pu- 
mica) pome'-granate's. ' Y.Sabb. VI, 8 a bot.; Y. Yeb. XII, 
12 d top, v. 1158. 

s^sba, v. vx$$a. 

■p'&bD, v.aiab. 

"jilba, pSba m.(b.h.; lab I, v.njab) 1) press, frame, 
mould! Sot. ll a (ref. to Ex. 1, 11) '31 'a wan they brought 
a brick mould and suspended it from Pharaoh's neck; 
Ex. E. s. 1. Zeb. 54 a '31 dilttbtt) SlhB 'a a frame of thirty- 
two by thirty-two cubits (which was filled with stones, 
cement &c). Y. Sabb. XII, beg. 13 c '31 'a boii3 like taking 
a frame and putting it over the piled up bricks (which 
cannot be called building). Tosef. ib. XIII (XIV), 15 'a 
*TOia bffl the frame (bottom) of a bedstead. Tosef. Erub. 
XI (VIII), 17 fcOlbpSd bl!) 'a a window frame. Tosef. B. 
Bath. II, 14 '31 fills IS 'a a window frame or the shape 
of a door; B. Bath. Ill, 6. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets.V,9 ninb'a 
Ol litvD a bedstead bottom intended to be moved from 
one bed to another, opp. intended for one particular 
bed. Tosef. Ohol. XIII, 5 [read:] '31 ffiQlba Sinuj 'a, v. 
lljab. Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. I, 8 VTOft Iba bill 'a the frame 
of a large saw. Neg. XIII, 3 '31 i-fiah 'a a casing to pro- 
tect that portion of the beam which rests on the wall.— 
Gen. E. s. 38 ; Yalk. Prov. 961, (ref. to Prov. XXVII, 22) 

'aa SiniB ifD like one undertaking to crush barley 

in a frame; a. fr.— PL W^a, f SS&a, nisa^a, ^aba. Neg. 
1. c. B. Bath. 69* dWfi bw 'a door frames; hlSlSn b© 'a 
window frames; naan W3 ?1U 'a sockets for the legs 
of a bedstead. Kel. XVIII, 3 ilb ">ia ijaba stands for 
the musical instruments of the Levites; Tosef. ib. B. 
Mets. V, 9 ilb 'a ed. Zuck. (corr. ace.);, a. e. — 2) (from 
its shape) a small garden-bed, a plot (of three hand- 
breadths in width).— PI. as ab. Peah 111,1. Ib. 4 d^bsan 'a 
pyn 113(1) plots of onions between vegetables. Ib. VII, 2 
'a ill!) b«B Sni-iTO 'S three rows i 


henim (six hand-breadths) from one another ; Tosef. ib. 
Ill, 10. Ter. IT, 8 'ah (sub. i^ai) figs pressed in quad- 
rangular moulds, opp. biblW. 

&C35Q ch. same, a quadrangular piece. B.Mets,116 b 
Xhlll 'a a wide piece of cemented bricks of a fallen wall 
(Ms. P. xmm X33iJ> a brick wider than the usual size, v. 
Eashi a. 1.). 

^rOilDQ, D"Q-?Q f. (preced. wds.) quadrangular 
frame.* k&r'g. Y. Wm. XXXIII, 20 [prob. to be read:] 
•pS31 KMiS&a (pi.) building moulds. 

mfi&D, v. «»j5ot. 

XXI (cmp. Syr. aba, P. Sm. 2131) to pluck, to strip (of 
hair, feathers &c). Tosef. Bets. Ill, 19 '31 m l^ia you 
may cleanse the head and legs of an animal (by scalding). 

JPQ ch. same, to pluck (cmp. Pesh. Deut. XXIII, 26). 
Gen. E. s. 45, beg. (expl. jShli) yb'a V^-a HX ha Ar. what- 
ever thou pluckest, is plucked ; (ed. Jiba vh'a xairh ha3 
as you say, 'pluck, pluck'); Y. Yeb. VII, 8 a hot. F1X1 ha3 
rta 5^a lax (corr. ace). 

T3 52 m. (transpos. of S^a) pitch- fork ; fte coofc's /br7c. 
Sabb.XTII, 2 (122 b ,-Mish.a. Ms. M. Sbia); Y. ib. 16 b top 
1»pV 1^3 nri> 'an nx the kitchen fork to place food for 
a child upon it. Tosef.ib.X(XI),7; Sifra Tayikra, Hobah, 
ch. IX, Par. 7, a. e., v. 1i\. 

T\yl2, ;>I D f. (b. h.; Vba III) word. Lev.E.s. 16 (prov.) 
d^51Ba Xp1S11»a 3b&3 'a where a word is worth a Sela, 
silence is worth two; Meg. 18 a (v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 1). 
— PL yfyu, ia. Cant, E. to IT, 4, v. 3S]3; a. e. — Ch. hfca, 
v. kbia.] 

n"bn, Y. Naz. II, 51 d hot., v. h"H 

anaEribn, v. x^va 

fctiblQ, !St>D m. (b. h.; x\?a) /wfoess, contents. Mikv. 
Ill, 1, sq.' 1131 ixfta liaa X2H!) 19 until a quantity equal 
to its original contents and something besides have run 
off. Y. Succ. I, 51 d top '31 nxitea ns-fflittJ niibax an 
exedra which is (on one side) entirely open towards the 
public road. Ib. hot. 1V1 ill) ixfta3 as far as the bucket 
is let down into the water (for filling it). Hull. II, 3 dX 
1X12 x!=a ^SOa ll)i jf the slaughtering knife has the length 
of the width of the neck. Kidd. 33 a WS 'a as far as his 
eye can reach. Sabb. 30 a , a. e. Xaii 'as as much as a hair's 
breadth. Sifre Num. 160 (expl. n pX, Num. XXXT, 17) 
T 'a as large as the grasp of the hand ; a. fr. — [Tosef. 
Ohol. XVII, 3 Xiait) 'a, v. Xiaiab.] 

fc*lbp,&OD ch.same. Targ.Y.Num.XXXT,17. Targ. 
0. Deut.' XXXIII, 16 (Y. Prtai, v. X^all); a. e.— Ab. 
Zar. 29 a hinsaax IBan.'a as much as one can pinch with 
five fingers; 'SI 'al . . . . hiS32X 'a as much as one can 
pinch with thumb and little finger ; a. e. 

NTSDjitr^D m. same,, full capacity. Gitt.70 a *]Xlb» 

(Ar. S-lfcrta), v. &S32. Ohol. XIT, 2 ixiki; Tosef.ib.XIT,7 
IXlfeiaa the full extent of the hole which the carpenter's 
borer is capable of making, opp. Xlhtt) b3 nipa &6a, v. 
nipa. Ib. 4, a.e.— PZ.diXlki/ia (b. h.) [filling one's hands,'] 
investment, inauguration. Lev. E. s. 11, a. fr. i»i-HS3tl) 
'ail the seven days of the inauguration of the priests (Lev. 
Till). Y. Yoma I, 38 b hot. W na 'a of what nature were 
the sacrifices at the inauguration? ; a. e. — Milluim, name 
of the first division of Sifra Sh'mini. 

JH.3/2 m. (Aa, v. lia) [plucking,] usufruct. — 'a H3S 
(i&33) a wife's estate of which the husband has the fruition 
without responsibility for loss or deterioration, contrad. 
to bl-a |XS, v. Vna. Yeb. Til, l; Tosef. ib. IX, 1. Keth. 
79 b 'a naiia a domestic animal belonging to the wife &c. 
—Gen. R. s. 45 '31 hnih 'a MnSlU Hagar was a handmaid 
of Sarah whom Abraham had to support but could not 
sell; a. fr. 

*&U"PD m. ch. (v.sVa) a hairless skin, Soj.-iiattll 'a - 
a bag containing documents. Keth. 85 a . B. Bath. 151 a . 

iXD^'D, niQ-Jlba c. (iiAla^iia) any emollient, 
plaster, 'poultice. Sifra B'har ch. I (ref. to Lev. XXT, 6) 
'a hiaa miosi xVl but not to use (the fruits of the Sab- 
batical year) for a poultice; Succ. 40 b ; B. Kam. 102 a . 
Tosef. Dem. I, 25 'a nilBSi nap flour to make poultices; 
a. fr. — Trnsf. a soothing remedy. Sabb. H9 b 'a. .'pan hot 
water after the exit of the Sabbath is soothing. Deut. 
E. s. 8 rtiai 'a the Law is an emollient for every wound; 
Midr. Till. toPs.XIX aiVa soothing for the heart; Yalk. 
Ps. 675 ; Lev. E. s. 12 KJiVra, 'iJiVia (corr. ace.) 

HiOJibD m. of M'loga (supposed to be a Baby- 
lonian place), 'a S3p name of a particular Kab measure. 
Pes. 48 a 'a sap (Ar. a. Ms. M. 2 hxaftsa of Magla, v. 
Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 100). Ib. b ix;?ib'a X3p (Ms.M. 2 a. 
oth. hx . . .). 

mba f. 

creditor, v. hlV. 

f. (nii) loan, debt. Keth. IX, 2 IX pips li rtfii 
'31 'a and left a trust or a loan in the hands of strangers. 
Ib. 84 a niniJ nxSini 'a a loan is made to be spent (opp. 
to trust). Kidd. 6 b , a. e. '31 'aa IDIpah if one betroths 
a woman to himself by remitting her indebtedness to him, 
she is not betrothed (there being no consideration offered 
to her at the time) ; 'a r\XJh3 offering as a consideration 
the benefit of the loan (by extension). Ib. 47 b , a. fr. bs> 'a 
na a verbal loan, IBlUa 'a against a note. Ib. 46 a , a. e. 
nurffll 'aa IDIpah if one betroths a woman with remitt- 
ance of a loan and the offer of a P'rutah besides.— Bekh. 
48 a ; a. e. niina nainan 'a an obligation arising from a 
Biblical law, e.g. the duty of redeeming the first-born ; a. fr. 

llCH'nbp f. (11b) funeral escort, wailing ceremonies. 
Midr. T Till. to Ps. CIT, 26 (play on til )mb, ib.) iiait)>ht 
'a son ^a this (the reward of the hereafter) does him 
more good than that funeral service (with its eulogies, 
K0I1.XII, 5; ed. Bub. KrYiteo mi " ( a iia^D; Yalk. Ps. 862 
'ifii*a mi la 1131a rfl (corr. ace). 

■]llbQ, 'Z2 T\"% pr. n. pi. Beth Milvan (prob.=b. h. 
8&a ma,' II Kings XII, 21; omp. Xrrfsa). Y. Meg. IV, 
75 c bot. . '■' 

Nrmbn,. v. »w«va. 

^DflbD, t7l2)*b'H m. (a Babylonian corrupt, of 
v6|ita(j.a, mimisma) stamp of a coin. Ber. 53 b 1^3111) i*i3 
'31 'zb... 'a "pa when one can distinguish the stamp of 
a Tiberian coin from that of a Sepphorian coin. 

TVD12, pi. tmbQ, ■ph&a, v. rta. 

rn^/Q m. (b. h.; riba) a salt-plant, sea-purslane (Ha- 
lineus).— PI. bifida, "JiniiSja. Kidd. 66 a . Pesik. R. s. 15 ba 
'31 'a Van!* . . . ">a whoever believes in him (the Messiah), 
is contented to live on salt-plants &c. 

SlTI?X3 ch. same. PL priifca. Targ. Zeph. II, 9 (h. 
text iVin). 

."Dlbn, v. a^a. 

^DlDibip, v. Kjafeftia. 

n; ibo, v. ^a. 

i^S^"l"l5jQ f. (i^a) ^tace /br drawing water, well. Lev. 
R. s. 2l'KilBM Irtmiba by rrt STAl sat down by the place 
where the women draw water; Pes.ik. Ahare, p. 176 b ; 
Yalk. Lev. 571 fiilrta; (Keth. 62 b Sinn KT1SK). 

litrp'DD, v. arnica. 

:p3H (b. h.) pr. n. m. Malluch, an Amora. Hull, 49 a 
'31 htGIS 'a you quote M. the Arabian, but he said &c. 
lb. 'a "it SYnms the home of R. M. (in Arabia). T. Succ. 
Ill, beg. 53 c . Y. B. Bath. 16 a top; a. fr. 

*©iba, v. te-v^ 

STD15H f. (b. h.; 7|?_a) ruler ship, office. Midr. Prov. 
ch. XXI '31 'ab rtblS Y'13 wheii a human being rises to 
rulership, he is in the hands of the Lord ; Yalk. ib. 959. 
Sabb. 56 b 'art nx IpbfP shall divide the rulership between 
themselves. Num. R. s. 3 'a "fcsa rulers; a. e. 


"jlbD m. (b. h. ; 1* I) lodging. Snh. 95 b mb . . . pis 
iJlVa this righteous man (Jacob) has come to my lodg- 
ing place; Hull. 91 b , v. ftyb. Midr. Prov. ch. IX X2a5U3 
'31 aits 'a "]b a beautiful lodging has been offered thee 
in the hour of thy death ; a. fr. 

fettyfoa v. so^a. 

ttflba m. (ttjA) kneading trough. Y. Gitt. VIII, 49 b bot. 

n^D (b. h.; denom. of nVa) to sart, brine;, esp. (in 
ritual law) to sfreto salt on raw meat to resorb its blood. 
Midd.V,3 'SlrWllS "plrftia Tfl they put salt on the'hides of 
sacrifices-Hull. 113 a, 31 fiBt rt&i inbia 3"N j6n unless one 
salts it carefully and washes it thoroughly. Ib. filial ITTa 
'31 one must first wash the meat, then salt it and again 

V. TfyQ- 

wash it. B. Bath. 74 b '31 Dipi-Jib SHbal and preserved 
it in salt for the benefit of the righteous &c. Hull. 1. c. 
'31 irkaaj 11!-m in a clean fish which was salted together 
with an unclean one; a. fr. — Part. pass, nba (v. mba); 
pi. tatrfaa, yrflba. Ib. 'a QTOVO both were salted, opp. bstt. 
Yalk. Ps. 887 'a' salty secretions.— Y. Taan. IV, 69 b top 
'a lya various kinds of salted food. Y. Sabb. I, 3 C bot. 
TpFrfe'ti brines prepared by gentiles ; a. fr. 

Sof. rfeiir, fibart ifo 6e strewn with salt. Sifra Vayikra, 
N'dab., Par. 9, ch.' XI nhbatfl kblS no salt had been put 
on it. 

Pu. rkva same. Part. fi|laa saWed, trnsf. bright. Kidd. 
29 b 'aai t^Tt 133. S-m DK (Var.' JtViaal) if his son is eager 
to learn and bright; [our w. missing in Tosef. Bekh. 
VI, 10). 

n52lch.same. Targ. Lev. II, 13. Targ.Y. Gen.XXXI, 
19. — Sabb. 75 b ''3l KlttJa 'al ^a itfn he who salts raw 
meat (on the Sabbath) &c. Hull. 113 a xaia DtalS ffb 'a 
salted each piece separately. B. Bath. 74 b rtapsb finbaib « 
let him preserve in salt the female (Behemoth) ; a. fr.— 
Part. pass, rrta, Krrta, pi. wlo. Ib. i^sa 'a SOYD fish 
in salt is good ; '31 'a jnttn meat in salt is not.— Ib. i-fiix 
'a fowls in salt; a. fr.— V. xrn!?a. 

Ithpe. nVanx, nba^ to be strewn with salt, be salted. 
Targ. Bz. XVI, 4.— Hull. 112 b . Ib. 97 b 'SI sin^Em were 
(ritually) salted., with the nervus ischiadicus left there- 
in; a. fr. 

nba II, Pa. nba (denom. of h|a) to row; to bal- 
ance. Keth. 85 a irrfea r&aa (not hbaia) rowed the boat 
(as an act of possession). B. Kam. 117 b lCWa 7n ITQ'a" 
(Alf.) one of them tried to keep the boat in balance (against 
the ass that threatened to upset it); [ed. K*ia)"ib Trb "a 
(Var. &6a, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 90) he tried to counter- 
balance the ass]. 

PDD c. (b. h.; cmp. bba) [brittle,] salt. Ker. 6 a ; B. 
Bath. 20 b niaflb 'a (sub. pK) sea-salt, v. rvspi-inbiS;. 
Hull. 112 a irta nana basw is eaten on account of (with) 
the salt it has absorbed. Keth. 66 b (prov.) 1DIJ ]iaa 'a 
16rt V'SI the salt (means of preservation) of wealth is its 
diminution (by charitable deeds), and some say hesed 
(benevolence). Gen. R. s. 51 'al rtSan she (Lot's wife) 
sinned through salt ; 'a 'a ii> 13n . . rttVin she went to all her 
neighbors and said, give me salt for we have guests ; a. fr. 

nba, nba, anba, Tq ch. same. Targ. Lev.II, 13 
ria constr. ed. Berl. (Var. 'a, 'a, v. Berl. Targ. 0. n, p. 32 ; Y. 
'a). Targ.IIChr.XHI,5. Targ.Y. Gen. XIX, 26 (v.Gen.R.s. 
51 quot. in preced.) ; a. fr.— Kidd. 62 a ; Hull. 1 13 a , v. JSnisfe. 
Bekh. 8 1 '31 116 "O 'a when salt becomes unsavory, where- 
with do they salt it? B. Bath. 74 b ^Sa ftrta (differ, vers. 
in Ms. M., v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) as to the female (Be- 
hemoth), its brine is more savory. Yeb. 63 a ,v. rTyiBrtll; 
a. fr.— PL tfca, "vo. Pes. 8 a 'a ia salt-store. Ab. Zar.'33 a 
bxifflil 'a iai> Xiart Kim poured wine into a Jew's salt- 
store (Rashi : a vessel filled with salt). 


a. (b. h. ; cmp. meaning of &X« a. I"&a) mariner, 
sailor. Koh. R. to IX, 8. 


^n?D ch. 1) same.— PI. trtba. Gitt. 73 a , v. 1SKII. 
Taan. 24 b '31 'ab lalW i3Kba Wl (differ, vers, in Ms. 
M.; v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) I saw angels disguised as 
boatmen who brought sand and loaded the ships. — 
2) dealer in sailors' outfits. Y. B. Mete. IV, end, 9 d , v. 

Nfjba, v. nba oh. 

S^tlbn, 'U b^XO pr. n. pi. Tower of Malha, near 
Caesara'ea (v. Hildesh. Beitr. p. 9). Y. Dem. II, 22 c . 

^^InbQ, Sj^nbDpr. Milhaya, native place of 
B. Jose, prob. in Galilee (v. Hildesh. Beitr. p. 9 ; Neub. 
Geogr. p. 269). Y. Ab.Zar. II,41 c top. Gen.B. s. 42. Lev. 
B.s. 26. Lam.R.toI,9; Yalk.Is.302ibaaS]&V*(corr.acc.). 

HDnbDf. (b. h.; Dnb II) war, contest. Sot. VIII, 1, 
a. fr. 'a miba chaplain of the army (Deut. XX, 2); v. TOa I. 
lb. 7 Mfflin nanba (Bab. ed. 44 b , pi.) secular (political) 
warfare; ni3a 'a a war for religious causes; '31 nam 'a 
a war of duty. lb. 44 b '31 SWW 'a the war of conquest 
under Joshua, all agree, is a war of duty &c. — Meg. 15 b 
niin b» fflnanba disputes about the Law; a. fr. — PI. 
nianba. Sot. l. c. nnilib 'nil ma nianba the wars of the 
house of David for extending the dominion. M. Kat. 25 b 
(in a eulogy) 'a 150 la91 . . . Stt an offspring of worthies 
came up from Babylonia and with him came the book 
of wars (allegorically for knowledge of the Law; oth. 
interpret. B. Hamnuna who came with Babbah). Snh. 
97 a 'a rWSBSa in the seventh Messianic year there will 
be wars; a. fr. 

ilrDD f. (nba) saline atmosphere, corrosion produced 
by saline' influences. Ohol. Ill, 7 'a tfibSMO . . .Tin a cave 
formed through saline corrosion. 

fc$rirp/!3 f. ch. (preced.) salt deposit in a cavity in 
which sea-water was allowed to evaporate. Sabb. 66 b . 
Ib.73 b , v. S]S3I. 

12 5D (b.h.) [to stand forth, project (cmp. aba),] to escape. 

Pi. a!ba to rescue. Midr. Till, to Ps. XLI nsi D1"Q 
^aibaK on the day of evil I shall save thee. Taan. 23 a 
^nbSina ina|iathou hast saved it(the generation) through 
thy prayer! Yalk. Ps. 777 '31 na"?aa ba^a Michael helped 
David to escape from within and Jonathan from with- 

Nif. abai to be saved, to escape. Bsth. K.introd. fflKl ns 
dlsbaib Noah is the first of those saved (mentioned in 
the Bible). Koh. B. to IX, 15 '3 31B IS^b 5av»n b3 who- 
soever listens to the suggestions of his good inclination 
will be saved; a. e. 

Hithpa. D|ann same. Yalk. Deut. 854 d^arta dnKI 
'31 and you will be saved from the judgment of &c. 

12 5a cn - same. Ithpe. Bibam to be saved. Targ. Prov. 
XIX, 5 Bibare (ed. Wil. abanY; Ms. a'^bsna). 

. Oba m. (b. h.), pi. ^aba, v. Baba. 

'D^DTDba, v. ^aiaib^a. 

■tfaiEba, v. &™\. 

DTDba, v. next w. 

1313 5lQ m. (denom. of aba, fr. aib or aab to wrap, cover; 
cmp. Syr. aba P. Sm. 2136) frame or casing around the 
beam-rest in the wall (corresp. to l?ba). — PL "pBBba. B. 
Kam. 67 a (expl. rTObS, Ez. XLI, 26) 'a (Ms. M. ydiaba; 
Ms. H. yoBiba, Ms. B. vaba), v. Kab^n. 

!J<D" l t3ba f. (aba; cmp. sniabte) crumbling, corro- 
sion. Targ. Prov. XII, 4. lb. XIV, 30 KrYiaba (Var. ed. 
Lag. &«VbB^, cler. error). Targ. I Chr. XIV,' 1, 

sTQiabn, a^atsba, v. x-^a^a, a . *&[&. 

^ba to speak, v. bba II. 

"'ba, !^ba ch. = h. xba, l) to be full. Targ. Josh. 
Ill, 15*; a. fr.;" v. next art. Ab. Zar. 28 a KnbVrlba xbl, 
v. KPbin; a. e.— 2) to fill. Targ. Gen. I, 22. Targ. Deut. 
VI, 11 (O. ed. Vienna '"so Pa.); a. fr.— Part, *ba; f. X^ba; 
pi. iba; Krwjba, Nrv^ba. lb. 0. XXIX, 10. Targ. Josh. 
IX, 2V (ed. Vil. iba). 'Targ. Gen. XXIV, 11 ; a. fr. 

Pa. ijsa 1) fo/JB* Targ. Jer. XIII, 13; a. fr.— Lev. B.s. 21 
"jTiblp liba fill thy vessel; Pesik. Ahare, p.176 15 ; Yalk.Lev. 
571 ifiba (read: iBjJ?»); Keth. 62 b isu. Ab. Zar. 29 a n^kil 
KTQ and fill it with water. Taan.. 29 a ; Shebu. 10 a ; Pes. 77 a 
iT!|i"?a "Ml!?B . . . tian they made the Tammuz of that year 
a full month (of thirty days); a. e. — 2) to complement, 
compensate, replace. Targ. 0. Gen. II, 21 ibaVed. Berl. 
(ed. Amst. 'al, corr. ace.).— B. Mets. 105 a n^feffi .ffia he 
took pains to make up for the loss. lb. '31 n^n"«"?al nniB 
Ms. M. (ed. n^ni^ab) thou didst take pains to make up &c. ; 
a. e— [3) aab bs 'a to comfort. Targ. 0. Gen. XXXIV, 3 
ed. Berl. (v. Berl. Mass., p. 27); v., however, Kidd. 50 a , 
quot. s. v. bball.] 

Ithpe. ibansfo be filled, full. Targ. Gen. VI, 13. Targ. 
Ex. XL, 34 '31 n^ 'K (filled); a. fr. 

""ba, Y.Hall. I, 57 d hbxa "'ba, v.nbK^ba.— Yalk. Is. 302 
ibaa dpi'', v. Kjnba. 

"■ba m., ioba, a^ba i c. C h.=h. «>«, }uu. T arg . 

Deut. XXXIlf, 23 (Var^ba, i"?a, iba). Targ. Euth I, 21 ; 
a. fr. — Erub. 84 a jrta 13 when the pit is full of water; 
a. fr. — PL •)*», fjba. Targ. Deut. VI, 11 ; a. fr. — [Targ. 
0. Deut. XXlil, 26' Tjb : a1 ed. Berl. those ears which are 
full (ripe; oth. ed. ',b^a).] 

SOba, fcO^ba II m. (preced.) fulness. Pesik.Hahod., 
p. 53 a (ref. to Ps! LXXXIX, 38) 'a bs Kin* ^in3 like the 
moon growing to fulness. lb.; Yalk. Ex. 190 Kin* fctn 
'a bS this (Solomon's reign) is the full moon; Yalk. Ohr. 
1082; (Pesik. B. s. 15 nn&pba).— Constr. iba (=h. xba) 
the fill of, as much as. Targ.Ex. IX, 8. Targ. Ps. XCVI, 
11; a. fr.— Meg. 16 a n^aai&'a a handful.— V.,Kiba. . 

!> n^ba, ns^ba i (b.h.) i) mi, v. &*.— ^ fulness, 

full growth. Pesik.' Hahod., p. 53* (ref. to Ps. LXXXIX, 
38, v. preced.) nrwbab . . . Dn^ST BK if you will do good, 

ytwrtm 7 

you shall count (your historical records) by the nation's 
growth to fulness, opp. 3S& decrease; Pesik. E;s. 15, a. e., 
v. preced. Gen. B. s. 12 ^SWia is . . . 1&033 those things 
had been created in perfect condition. lb. s. 14 WWfca is, 
insoia is fully developed. Num. E. s. 12; a. e. — Gitt. 
70 a Ar., v. J«ia.— 3) (the priestly gifts from) the ripe or 
stored fruits. Tern. 4 a (ref. to Ex. XXII, 28) DiTOia 11 'a 
m'kah means theflrst fruits ;Mekh.Mishp.s. 19Di"fDi3 lis 
'aria ytyoift that means the first fruits which are taken 
from the fulness (the stored fruits). lb. . . -pvip bhll) 311133 
'ai first fruits which go by four names, reshith . . . and 
m'leah; Talk. Ex. 351. 

■pfcpbD, pS^bD, read: ^H 

fctSfSST 3D f. pi. women drawing Wafer, v. •$». 

n~cW"3D m. ([xsXiyaXa, S.) honey- and milk-cake. 
Y. Hall. I, 57 d ", v. fat/Ft. 

Rftvlfa f, C?i») fOling, .replacing, v. iiaPa. 

fi^Drn.(riia) 1) preserved in salt, pickled. Hull.ll3 a 
'a (11D3) salted meat, opp. iSft. lb. 97 b , a. fr. hhViS ... 'a 
what is preserved in salt, is ritually to be considered as 
if boiled or roasted; a. fr.— [PI, v. Mia.]— 2) salted relish, 
dessert. Ber. VI, 7. lb. 44 a '21 'a ha ywto STiiSD ia Ms. 
M. (ed. hia, corr. ace; v. Eabb. I). S. a. 1. note) a meal 
without salted preserves is no meal. 

^fT^D ch. same, v. ilia I. 


fcCplba, v . Krwia.— sn^Ipa, v. '■ia. 

tfOl2, ipTQ, v. T]ia a. t|ia ch. 

bO" 1 3D m. (?jia) counsellor. Targ. II SamrxV, 12 (ed. 
Lag. toiia ; Levita &oiba). 

iMQ, v. aiia. 

Itf y^!2 f. ch. =next w.— PZ. ^ia. Targ. 0. Deut. 
XXlfl, 26 : (ed. Berl. i;ia1, v. *>ia). T 

H^^D f. (b. h.; iial) ripe ear, esp. parched ear — 
PL hii^ai Maasr. IV, 5 'a iilah he who rubs parched 
ears; Tosef. Bets. I, 20. Tosef. Ter. Ill, 18 ..TiallD Cjah 
<a "jrWDSi ... if one brought ears to his house with the 
intention of parching them. — Y. Pes. Ill, beg. 29 d , v.lw, 
Pfisik. E. s. 43, a. e., v. hap; a. fr. 

stfD^D rri. (P'ales noun of ''ia, cmp. KWVia) [water- 
pot (cmp. 6Sp(a),] a cooking vessel. Targ. ISam. II, 14 (ed. 
Lag. N&l^aj Var. iSbiSiiS; h. text "tfto). Targ. Y. Hum. 
XIj 8 KoVin Levita (ed^ SWiSKi, K">isi; h. text ins).— 
PI. KJbiiia, '^a. Tar gi II Chr. XXXV, 13 (h. text rVttiiS). 

S T , ?'Q» ^B? m - t= ^a; t|^) feocA^r. Targ. I Sam. 
XlX, 20. Targ'. Ez. Ill, 17.— PL 'pSlba. Targ. Jer. VI, 17. 
Targ. Is. L, 4 ; a. e. 

rt^D f. (b.h.; y>b) 1) speech, argument, defence; (in 
an evil sense) swm-, scorw. Midr. Prov. to I, 6 STlirih It 'a 
'31 m'litsah (ib.) means the Law proper &c, rtsips hail 
'51 nisa KVilD hs^ia hail) and why is it called «.? Be- 
cause it saves those engaged in it from the judgment of 
Gehenna; 'Si ■pxiihaiD ia iaiB 'a haiB hiOpJ hai why 
is it called m'litsah (scoff-producing)? Because whoever 
desires to scoff, will be amply supplied with scoffing.— 
2) metaphor. Cant. E. to I, 1 'a . ,itt)a. .topa dhi U)i they 
find confirmation in plain Biblical prose, in proverbs, and 
in metaphors. 

»lj5"l5S3 f, (pia) pinching a bird's head. Sifra Vayikra, 
N'dab., ch". VIII, Par. 7; Zeb. 65 a 1hS hi SapB'a the 
pinching, for which function the Text appoints a priest; 
a. fr. 

sTlTO'OD, Tosef. Neg. IV, 10 ed. Zuck. 'ah (oth. ed. 
'ilah), read with E. S. to Neg. X, 10 rVilZJiiKl. 

^rp^ZQ f. pia) filling up, complement. B. Bath. 104 b 
top [read:] '31 SiSlDhl 'ai r*Ttfn join i«V(v. Eabb.D. S. 
a. 1. note 40) and if there is a surplus, it must go to make 
up the nine kab. 

mho, mbi2^n, («$a)'f-.(p«*ea.) d mound, 

rampart. Targ. II Sam. V, 9 ; Targ. I Kings IX, 24 (ed. 
Lag. "VO ; h. text sifea). Targ. II Sam. XX, 1 5 (h. text hiib); 

a. e.— - PL SrVjia, "jiTa. Targ. Jer. XXXII, 24 2) stuffing. 

Pes. 74 a , v.'wh^isia. 

:J?D (= ^i ha) what is it to thee?; of no practical 
wfee. T Sabb. I50 a sq. ^sa ha iiBi 'a ill) hi5iaii)h (Ms.M. ha 
*|i, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) accounts of 'what is it to 
thee?' and of 'what is in it?', i. e. for no practical pur- 
pose. [Oth. opin., v. Ar.] 


ij 2D (b. h.) [to lead in council,] to preside; to officiate; 
w be ruler. B. Bath. 164 b dTitt) li "pia i-Btt) 'a when he has 
been in office one year, they date (in documents) 'the 
second year'. Meg. ll a (ref. to ^iah, Esth. I, 1) laSSn 'a 
started a dynasty with himself (had no claims of succes- 
sion), ib. hs-oa laia, v. hs^a. Zeb. ns b 'aiB mm studs 
'31 ten years during which Samuel ruled alone, 'all) h3U)1 
'31 ilNIB and one year during which Saul and Samuel 
ruled conjointly; Tem. 15 a ; a. fr. 

Nif. T|ia5 [to be led,] 1) to take council, to ask advice 
or permission. Ber. 3 b ■pTihibS -psia? they ask the San- 
hedrin for their confirmation. Ib. 4 a nii)3iaaa'5 138 ... ha i3 
'31 in Whatever I undertake, I consult the opinion of M., 
my teacher. Ib. 29 b »si "p1p3 T|iah . . . hh!*ffi31 and when 
thou art about to go on a journey, take council of thy 
Maker (pray) and go out. B.Mets.l4 a t|i53' 1 i"j' 1 'nSthe scribe 
must ask for authorization (to insert in the contract) ; 
a. fr. — 2) [to take council with one's self] to reconsider, 
change one's mind. Gitt. Ill, 1. Dem. Ill, 2 '31 . . . hplih 
Tithhi if one buys vegetables .... and then decides to 
return (the goods). Ib. 3 S^Shi 'JVliSI&ti ^iaHfhe took 



them up to eat them and changed his mind (deciding) 
to keep them ; a. fr. 

Hif. Tpbari to appoint or elect for rulership, to ac- 
knowledge the authority of. Snh. 64 a bfrts iniS^alTHI}, v. 
T$ia. Y.Ned.IX, beg.41 b (ref.toPs.LXXXI, 10)-p*ipaiJ 11 
"pis insiban itf allow not the tyrant within thee (the 
evil inclination) to rule over thee. Ab. Zar. 18 a It insist 
n»^»n traiBn la this (Boman) nation has been given 
the rulership by divine decree. B. Hash. 16 a "OBb TVSA 
d3i?S "iJO^aBlB moba .... recite before me verses of 
homage (v. rVDpa), in order that you may declare me your 
ruler ; a. fr. 

=| ^?» =T?Q ch - same > !) to nile - Tar g- GeB - XXXVII, 
8; a. fr!— Part.'rpba. Targ. Jer. XXXIII, 21 (ed.Wil. TpV°i 
corr.acc);— Ab. Zar. 10 a '31 T^a'n HCVQ I desire that 
my son Severus be king after me; ib. ^fta^l. — Ber. 64 a 
!ia"i 'a Kabbah officiated (as teacher and judge); a. fr. — 
2) (mostly -pVa) to decide. Targ. Is. XIV, 27. Ib, XXIII, 8 
(ed. Ven. ?p!?a). Ib. 9 PisV'a ed.Lag. (some ed. itoba, read: 
Prslja); a. fr.— Part, pass. ?pba. Ib. XIV, 26; a. e.— 3) to 
advise. Targ. II Sam. XVII, 7.' Targ. I Kings I, 12; a. fr. 

Pa. Tf|a 1) to advise. Targ. Job XXVI, 3.-2) to der 
cide, v. supra. 

Af- T^ 1) =preced, Hif. Targ. I Kings III, 7 ; a. fr.— 
2) to counsel, persuade. Targ. Josh. XV, 18, Targ.Y.Deut. 
XXX, 6; a. e— [Targ. Prov.VIII, 15 'psiaa ed. Lag, rwte 
(oth. ed. 'pa^a).] 

Ithpa. t^anx, Ithpe. tpbanx, TpbB" 1 ^, 'ax = preced. 
Nif. —Targ. Is.XXXII, 7 ; a. fr.— B. Bath. 4 a ^laST ina 
■p=bana do people ask for advice (or permission) after 
they have acted ? Ber. 27 b '31 ^ibBiSj! consult my family. 
Ib. '31 '538*1 iMS he went and consulted his wife. Ned. 
54 a '31 "wiaxb su-nbo -pixi Krf>ia 1=3 any change of order 
for which the messenger has to ask special authorization, 
is heterogeneous (to the object of the original commis- 
sion) ; 'si n?S rri>\» Tp^HW Stn^a to a change for which 
the messenger asks for instructions is homogeneous. Sot. 
43 b nbs 'a"ijt ix if he reconsiders his original disposal ; 
a. fr. 

!JvD m, {b. h.; preced.) leader in council, chief, king. 
Ber. 3 b ''arl iMVW our lord the kingl Tosef. Snh. VIII, 5, 
a. fr. O-Oiian i3^a 'a the Most Supreme King (the Lord). 
Ib. IX, 8 Qi3^a iffl 'a "i&K even a king of kings (great 
sovereign). Snh. 38 a , a. fr. T'13 'a (v. "itaa) a human chief. 
Ab. Zar. 10 a 'a p 'a "p3*il2ia *px they '(the Bomans) do 
not allow the son of a king to succeed his father. Kerith. 
5 b "1U5K1 'a a first king, starter of a dynasty. Shebu. 6 b 
rtt ill) iaba this hyparch's chief. Num. B. s. 18 'Si 'a fflBa 
Moses has made himself the chief, and Aaron is high 
priest &c. ; a. v. fr.— PI. a^sba. Hor. 12 a n« -phOTa 1^3 
'31 'afl how are kings anointed? By drawing with the 
oil the outlines of a crown ; Ker. 5 b . Ib. TfJ rra "ttba the 
kings of the house of David (southern kingdom) ; ^KIIC 'a 
the kings of the northern kingdom ; a. v. fr.— 'a na Prin- 
cess, name of a demon afflicting the eye, also a certain 
disorder of the eye, v. na I. Sabb. 109 a (Var. 'pin na, 
v. Kabb.D.S. a. 1. note).— P/.^a ni:3. Tosef.B.Kam.IX, 

27 'a m:a IKS' 1 the 'princesses' (humors of the eye) es- 
caped (in consequence of a blow). 

?fba, JpblQ, #3?Q ch. same. Targ. Ps. XXIV, 7; 9. 
Targ' Ex. I, 8;' a. fr! — Snh. 110 a 'a nm Irm he (Moses) 
himself is chief. Y. Yeb. XVI, 15 c , v. OSip&^K. Y. Ter. 
VIII, 46 b bot. 'a liasni* be (Dioclet) became king; a. fr.— 
PL 'psta, Kjsba, "ttia. Targ. Gen. XVII, 6. Ib. XIV, 5. 
Targ. Prov.VlII, 15; a. fr.— Gitt. 62 a 'a IS'wis XablB (to 
scholars) peace be with you, chiefs! — Shebu. 6 b 'a *rv\ 
'31 two kings and two viceroys (hyparchs); a. fr. 

5|bD, "12, fc©?P> "<Q m. (preced, wds.) counsel, ad- 
vice. Targ. Is. 111^3. Targ. Y. Deut. VIII, 18 (0. HSS; h. 
text rj'3); a. fr. — Pl. ysba, SJste, ^a. Targ. Is. XXV, 1. 
Targ. Job XII, 17 (not 'a). Targ. Hos. X, 6; a. e. 

SO^O, v. as^a. 

T07I2 f. (b. h.; T$a) queen, king's wife. B.Bath.l5 b 
'31 saui naba "raixn is whoever says malkath Sheba 
(I Kings X, 1) means a woman is mistaken; means 
the kingdom .(roVo) of Sheba. Sabb. 119 a 'an haiB the 
queen Sabbath ; a. fr. 

'DSD l (T^a) consultation. Gen. B. s. 8; Yalk. ib. 13 
(ref. to' Gen. I, 26) 'a KSrl tvb this does not mean holding 
council (with the ministering angels). 

! Db/D, v. xnc>a. 

rfiD!5/2 f. (b. h.; t$>a) 1) kingdom, government; office. 
Ab. Ill, 5 'a ilS the yoke of (secular) government (burden 
of office). Ber. 13 b , a. fr. D^affi 'a iw the yoke of (sub- 
mission to) divine government. Gitt. VIII, 5, v. )Wn. Ber. 
48 b , a. e. '31 ns513 'a )*», v. "OH. Sot. ll b (ref. to OW2, 
Ex. I, 21) 'a VQ dynasties.— 'aa 1"ia to rebel against the 
government, to commit treason. Snh.49 a ; a. fr.— risshrl 'a 
the wicked government (Borne). Ber. 61 b Ms. M. a. early 
ed. (later ed. )^); a. fr.— 'ab ailp connected with the 
court (influential). B. Kam. 83 a . Gitt. 14 b ; a. fr. — PI. 

ni^aba. Gen. B. s. 44 '31 'al DainiJ HS318 the Lord 

showed him (Abraham) four things: fature punishment, 
(persecution by foreign) governments &c. ; Mekh.Yithro, 
s. 9 'Si 'a S31S the four empires which were destined to 
subject his descendants. Ber. 34 b , a. e. «S>8 . . . "pa pN 
laba 'a liasil) there will be no difference (in the conditions 
of life) between the present and the Messianic days exr 
cept (the delivery from) the oppression of governments ; 
a. fr. — 2) (in liturgy) a benediction invoking God as king 
(Dbisn -|ba lainbl*). Ib. 12 a 'Si 'a na TWO nsia is a ben- 
ediction in which the word 'king' does not occur, is no 
benediction.— PL WOJja the references to the divine king- 
dom in the Musaf of the New Year's Day, the section 
called Malkhiyoth. B. Hash. IV, 5. Ib. 6 'a .TifflS the re- 
citation of ten Biblical verses referring to the divine 
government. Ib. (32 b ) 'SI 'a milist Ms. M. (ed. sing.), v. 
'■ji'-ST. Y.ib.III, 58 d ; a. e. 

" jJtTRDb^, 'OblO f. same, kingdom, rulership, Targ, . 

Ber. 58 a NSipll 'a 1133 StSlttl 'a royal majesty on earth 
is similar to that of heaven. Ab. Zar. 10 b 'an TVyn the 
notables of the (Roman) empire. Tarn. 32 a '31 13^a ii&i 
let him shun government and governor ; '31 'a drill let 
him be a friend of government and ruler and (use his 
influence to) do good to mankind. Pes. 113 a Wwwolsa 
'31 "Hint* their rulers'uip dwells behind their ears, i. e. 
they may rise to power at some future time. Ab. Zar. 2 b 
'31 IS .WnrvoMffl "OVn (or "\Aa,pI.) they will continue 
in power until the Messiah comes ; a. fr.-PZ. Iisba, JtrYoTja, 
'113^a. Targ. Gen. XXV, 23. Targ. Deut. III,'21; a'fir.' 

*"Obo, fcOpba c. (tfVo, cmp. »Mo)' deliberation, 
vacillation. Pesik.' R. s. 15 y& i3^a Klh pl&B cut (end) 
this deliberation of thy heart (decide) ; Pesik. Hahod. p. 
43 a -jab " ( a JfflMa (read: JfoMa, and insert pl&B) ; Talk. 
Gen. 77 "pMa ijMj "pin sup (read with Matt. K. to Gen. 
s. 44; SVaba); Gen. B. s. 44 113 -p fcMBia 'pin sap (ed. 
Wil. Stasia; Ar. s. v. Sap: fcOaaS in); Midr. Till, to Ps. 
XL, end SOMa Kin (ed. Bub. SWlMa); Talk. Ps. 737 "pin 
X"i&n (corr. ace). [fcfOBia, seems to be a corrupt, of [xe- 
xdvoia in the sense of change of mind, the Greek equiv- 
alent of our w.] 

l!v D5Q f- (fJiaXaxia, malacia)«)aw£ of appetite, nausea. 
Deut. B.' s. 6 imnsa 'a tlM>lD (not nnifctlV) whose sister 
was suffering from malacia. 

S'JISbD/iTSbiQ (b. h.) pr. n. m., 'a ni J2a& JfafiHa, 
an Amora. Sabb. 46 a ; a. e., v. next w. 

TO3Q pr. n. m. M'lakhiu, 1) father of B. Kahana. 
Erub.'8 b .— 2) 'a 31 Bab Jit., an Amora. Keth. 61 b ; Mace. 
21 a ; Nidd. 52 b . '31 '1 1a» 'a '1 last Bab M. reports in 
the name of B. Ada &c. ; Bets. 28 b Ms. M. (v. Babb. D. 
S. a. 1. note). lb. (mnemonical rules by which to distin- 
guish between the subjects reported by B. Malkia and 
those by B. M'lakhiu); ib. Strata ■jrVWia -pai&l and the 
mnemotechnical mark is : the Mishnah is queen, i. e. all 
opinions referring to Mishnah (and Boraitha) belong to 
Bab Malkiya (God is King). 

WD5D, ^pD in. (?^a) counsel, wisdom. Targ. Prov. 
VIII, T l4.'lb. XXIV, 6 (ed.Lag. StwMa); a.e.— V. SOiMa. 

SSrj5?D f. ch.=h. rtsba. Targ. I Kings XI, 19 ; a. fr — 
Iter. 2 T 8 b ;' Pes. 57 a ; a. fr.— PL 'jsba, Stntolpa. Targ. I Kings 
XI, 3. Targ. II Esth. V, 1, 

'.^ITDba, '^12 f.=&t2^a, counsel. Targ. Ps. XXXIII, 
11. Ib.i/lj a. e.— PI. tXroin, 'ia. Ib. V, 11; a. e. 

XnijrO-PQi 5" 1 ?? f. (preced.) consultation, meeting 
of councilmen. Targ. Prov. XI, 14. 

. . 5jQ m. (denoin. of Ma) border, hem. Kel. XXVIII, 7 ; 
Sabb. 29 a 'art ■ja yvi .... to isVffl the measure of three 
square handbreadths of which the Babbis speak, means 
exclusive of the portion used for hemming. M. Kat. 
26 b 'ail ~ina . . . . Sllpn he who rends his garment only 

as far as the hem goes; T. ib. Ill, 83 b top 'an 'ja.— 

j'TDl to hem, edge. M. Kat. 26 a ■|y?i»?...'pfctaJV ) VDl 
and all these rents may be mended by . . . hemming. Kil. 
IX, 9 '31 IS y?ia he hems (the purple band) before he 
knots it. 

55D II (b. h.) 1) to crush, squeeze, esp. to rub ears 
for husking the grain. Taan.6 a balB 131, v. ajip^a. Maasr. 
IV, 5, v. rtVfaa. Bets. 13 a niM>Ma3 }iM'ai> with the intention 
of husking them when parched. Tosef. Sabb.XVI (XVII), 
22; Sabb.l2 a ^>M'a he rubs it between two fingers; a. fr. — 
Part. pass. MMs. Tosef. ib. XIV (XV), 17 'an n&t pbbia 
you may husk that which needs husking. — 2) to stir a 
mush, make a pulp. Pes. 4b b MtovB naiini . . . "pbMa "ps 
'31 you must not stir a dish (in the usual way) on Pass- 
over, but he who desires to make a mush, must put in the 
flour and then add vinegar.— Part. pass, as ab. Tosef. Maasr. 
I, 7 Wan la ed. (ed. Zuck. ^astan, Var. Maan) out of the 
olive pulp. 

Nif. Via? to be compressible, (of webs) to be soft and 
downy. Gitt. 59 a (ref. to hrirfia, II Kings X, 22) 131 
ririaai V5aSrt a cloth which can be compressed (creased) 
and stretched (again, showing no creases when unfolded) ; 
[Bashi : a stuff the thread of which is twisted between 
the spinner's fingers and stretched], — V. nM&a. 

bbnich. same, v.Mach. 

5 3D ch., constr. of ttbba. 

-OQ III, Pi. &a, "vq (b. h. ; denom. of Ma) [to present, 
show; cmp. Tan, nin,] to proclaim, utter, speak. Hor.l3 b ; 
Meg. 18 a ; Mace. 10 a (ref. to Ps. CVI, 2) Ol V&& SIM ^ab 
whom does it become to utter the mighty deeds &c? — 
T.Keth. II, 26 d bot. inffitt 'iVs M> }>bga "OllsB ISSaU) we 
heard that man speaking of (pointing out) that woman 
as his wife; n^3. M> ri&aa speaking of her children; a., 
e— [Lev. B. s. 27 W>a *>a, read: Ma, v. Ma II, 2.— Lam.B. 
introd. (B. Han. 1) d-^aa, v. rfsaS.] 

bbD II, Pa. Mi>a, Wag ch. same, in gen. to speak (cor- 
resp* to b. h. 131, ITiB). Targ. Gen. XXXIV, 3 (O. ed. Berl. 
->!?a). Ib. XVII, 22, sq.; a. v. fr.— Part. ^baa, siibaa &c. 
(in ed. frequ. with one a, corr. ace). Targ. Job II, 10; 
a. fr.— Kidd. 50 a ">lM> iMa ifeaa (= i]?!baa) they speak 
against me. 

Ithpa. ^anijt 1) to be spoken, said, told. Targ. Ps. 
LXXXVII,3. Targ.T. Ex. XX, 16; a. e.— T. Shek.VI,50, 
top (play on 1H1B, Ez. XLVII, 5) [read:] -,11a IttlS ia i»a 
'31 ybbgtyal what is me sahu? Waters which are spoken 
of in the world (v. ITto).— 2) to converse. Targ. T. Ex. 
XXXIII, 9. Targ. Ez. II, 2 ; I, 28 ; a. e. 

S^bbD (is7>bl2) m. (preced.) word, speech. Targ. Job 
XV, 111 TargJlIEsth. VII, 9 bba (constr.); a. e.—Pl. 
■p!&0, constr. itta. Targ. T. II Deut. XXXI, 24 (ed. Amst. 

ISbbD, '^ m. (iial) 1) only in.itllil 'a embers. 
[Comm .'identify our w. with preced., referring to the double 



meaning of Xfrb.] Ab. Zar. 28 b (Var. xSia, v. Babh. D. 
S. a.l. note 400).— JPl.'"V?n, "<a. Sabb. 109 b '31 Sbia ia 
(Ms. M. 'b»3) between the embers. — *2)gold ore as broken 
in the mine. Keth. 67 a 'a3 Ar. (ed. sbaaa) it means ore 
(TUshi : gold leaf). 

SO^D m. (= kSko, v. Ss) spy. —PL !**&»,■("*»)• 
Targ.Y. II Deut. I, Y (Y. I JjoSk).— pSa, v. X~Sa.] 

l^rivTQ'f. (San) speaking. Constr. WiSa. Targ. 
Y. Ex! XXXIII, 16. ' 

172 <G m. (b. h.; lab) oas-^oad. Kel. IX, 6, v. 1311. X. 
Snh. X,'28 a '31 laba Kinil) 'a it is called maimed, because 
it trains the cow &c; Pesik. Bahod., p. 153 a ; a. e. 

J^UXl m. (Sail), jrf. 'pbiaba cirwm&s. Mikv. IX, 2 
'art the 'crumb-like particles of dirty or sweaty hands 
when they are rubbed against each other. 

^bTOba ch., pi. "pbwba same. Y. Pes. Ill, beg. 29 d , 
v. UJibl 

JU12 (Pilpel of bba) to talk, v. Dbab. 

ft babn,(ababo) f. (So n ; c mP . nb^ <&>& of a 

fine, and downy texture. Gitt. 59 a , explained bbasn 131, 
v. bba II, 2W/ 1 . 

IIJSDbn Tanh. Yithro 7, v. ^'BS^a. 

yb)2 m. (S»b, v.Sib) whiskers; yibl3il3 blU 'a ^wme, 
tte owier Aim* of grains.— PI. 'psba, Ukts. I, 3; Hull. 
119 b , sq. i/sia; Tosef. Ukts. I, 2 ybailB V© ynjba ed. Zuck. 
(R. S. to Ukts. 1. c. -psba; Var. Tosef. ed. Zuck. "'Sbo, 
corr. ace). — Hull. 1. c. Di&6arl "paBS i&tbaa when he takes 
hold of a number of glumes (which do not break). 

P]?Q, pi. pski. 'v. 5)^a. 

ND^D, HS >>D, infinit. PaM-oitfc* or. El^-.-.Y. Kil. 
IX, 32^ bot. ; Y. T Keth. XII, 35 a hot. 'a S\ v. Cjbet II. 

"j'SbD, Tosef. Ukts. II, 10, v. '(iSB^a, 

W£>V0 m. (v. Spjaa) teac/ier. Yeb. 2l b fffl 'a thou 
shalt T he a teacher. Gen. B. s. 68, beg. "^Biba, v. KSiasa. 

&webn, "jlBBbq, wisffibn,. v, *ub -s^a.. 

p012 (b. h.) <o jpiwcA a bird's neck with the finger 
nail. Zeb. VI, 5 ; lb. VII, 5.; a. fr.— Part, pass, plba ; f. nplba, 
pZ. niplba. Sifra Vayikra, N'dab., Par. 9, ch. XI np_!|ba 
miBI a bird that has been pinched for a profane pur- 
pose, opp. hisa 'a. lb. bsnilP niplba birds pinched by 
Israelites (not for sacrificial purposes), opp. tnfa "a. 

Nif. pbaJ to be killed by pinching. Y. Sabb. II, 5 a bot. 
npbaiffla after the pinching has been performed. Ab. 
d'R. N. ch. I "pbs- Ipbai WB1S naa how many birds 
have been pinched for thee (the altar)!; a. fr. 
•' 'pbQ ch. same. Targ. 0. Lev. I, 15; a. e. (Y.ffln). 
, ElpbD m. (Bpb) bag. Kel. XVI, 7.1p3 bffi 'an the bag 

for receiving the excrements of working cattle.; [Tosaf. 
Yom. Tob a. 1. attests a version aibpa]. [Tosef, Kel. B. 
Mete, ni, 14, v. Bjiball.] 

I2J1pbZ3 m.(b.h.; Uipb) late rain. Taan. 6 a . •p'fla 'a the 
late rain' (the malkosh of the Bible) is the rain in Nisan. 
lb. (play onti>1pba)'31 )m"Wp bail} 131 Bashi(ed. •jnwiBp) 
something which crushes the stiffneckedness of the Is- 
raelites (who humble themselves in prayer for rain) ; 131 
ni»p3 n&03n 'stSaah something which fills the grain in 
its stalks ; T^P' rt ^ *"nV>5an bs TYP1!) 131 which falls 
upon both the ears and the stalks; Yalk. Deut. 863. Sifre 
Deut. s. 41 ; a. fr. 

ItfUJipba ch. same. Targ. 0. a. Y. II Deut. XXXII, 2. 
— PL 'pSipba. Targ. Y. Ex. XL, 4. 

DIpbQ f. (npb) the punishment of lashes. Mace. I, 3 
CPS31X faa^n Sflhtt)- that he (has done something for 
which he) is subject to forty lashes. Y. Naz. IV, 53 a bot. 
'31 tarsals mill 'a the Biblical punishment consists of 
thirty-nine lashes; a. f r.— PI. niapba. Snh.81 b nifVi13blB'» 
the punishment of lashes for offences punishable with ex- 
tinction. Ber. 7% v. rwilal; a. fr. 

rfipbiQ, ItfiTlp^Q ch. same, chastisement. Targ. Y. 
Deut. XXV, 3. Targ! II Sam. VII, 14. 

finpbo, v . nngba. 

DTIpOD m. du. (b. h.; fipb) tongs; (in Midr.) two 
pairs' of Jongs. Pesik. B. s. 33; Yalk. Is. 271 (ref. to Is. 
VI, 6).'aa ina why with two pairs?; v. next w. 

nnpbD f. (preced.) tongs. Pesik.B. s. 33 ; Yalk. Is.271 
nmix 'a Ws (some ed. nnpba) he took another pair of 

tQp^G I m. (Bp_b) gatherer, eclectic scholar. Ab. d'B. 
N. ch. XVIII, end '3t X^3 nB" 1 ■IB"' 'a a discriminating 
eclectic scholar -without any pride. 

t2p?D II m., napba f. (apb) pinchers for picking 
hair, wool&c. Mace. Ill, 5; Naz. 40 b , v. Bp.b. Kel. XIII, 8 
(ed. Dehr. 10) napbab 1K1BS1 and he makes use of them 
as pinchers; Yeb. 43 a Opbab. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets.III, 14 
•pba-D blC Oigban (ed. Zuck. 'piBatt bw Blpban) the fullers' 
pinchers (with which they remove knots in a web). Sabb. 
97 a '31 'aa apbinil! . . . IfflBK ^K a public road cannot be 
made even (as skin is made) with pinchers and razors. 

1 l2pbQ, Y. Naz. I, 51 b bot., f^P ' a ?. read: "" , BJ?^» 

^ClpbU m. ch., pi. N^Bpba (preced. art.) snuffers. 
Targ. Y. ! Num. IV, 9 (Ar. ed. Koh. SUTOBp^aVar. ^BBpba ; 
h. text 'Tlpba). Targ.Y. Ex. XXV, '38; XXXVII, 23 
xn^Bpba (Ar. xnn»pba). 


j S^riDpba, v. Stap^a. 

yrnbo, vfeo, v. r^. 

"pD.3Q:w. 'C,B5b) .slanderer, informer. Midr. Till, to 

Ps. cxi. ■ * , 

SO^IO oh. same. Targ. Ps. CXX, 3. 
■ StfrWliJbQ f. (preced.) slander. Targ. Ps. LII, 4. 

nbn, v.nv«. 

. Vhl2, v. s&ial. 
SH^D, v. srfeia. 
5S»ri?J3 mound, v. Knite. 
XITDiO ptee for drawing water, v. sxnifta. 
JinribH f. (b. h.) wardrobe. Gitt. 59 a , v. tea II. 

■jYibg, v. nV«. 

' TTTrbU, read fTttlte. 

Ni^ba, nnriba, v, xnsi^x. 

D"]G, DU Mem, name of the thirteenth letter of the 
alphabet, Sabb. 103 b ttaind dari d"a Ms. 0. (ed. dire) 
the Mem in sAem is closed (final letter); Simf® '(ISalB d"a 
(ed. nine) the Mem in Shim'on is open (initial letter), 
lb. i04 a '31 -nasa hams ci"a nmna d"a the open and the 
closed Mems intimate that there are subjects in the Law 
which are open to all, and such as are closed (esoteric 
studies). Y.Meg. I, 71 d '31 d"a t)"a SVDTp lria why 
is it that the letters Mem, Nun &c. are written in two 
ways?— Maas. Sh. IV, il; a. fr. — PI. -paa, 'paia. Sabb. 
103 a one must not write '31 yono 'a Mem like Samekh 

^23n, v .^a! : 

<HQD, Y. Erub. IV, end, 22" "a ma, y. tea. . 

T\W2, v .m 

jDIDu. (b. h.) pr. n, m* Memuean, one of the seven 
princes of Persia and Media. Meg. 12 b ; Bsth.B. to 1, 14 
(play on the name), v. )>& a. Ola. 

' *^t^W2.{^7 ! \'D) m.'pl. (Wail) frail, short-lived 
people (by the way of play on sfeaa, q. v.). — 
»M*Ba, atniifesiaa, ('|;feia) (with i|i'a) /Vai/ worts (un- 
tienable arguments). Teh. 75 b sq. iteo limas 'a iFixi dlffla 
'a. because you are frail, you speak frail words; (Var. 
Xtlilbla . . .ifcfel&a lrlTlSI dlffla because you are descendants 
of &c); B. Mets. 109 a ; B. Bath. 137 b (Ms. R. )»); 151 a 
(ed. Pes. nnsWraa). ....". 

TQiDiQ, v. iaia. 

IIHD m. (contr. of yana, v. yari; fiah) accumulation, 
wealth, value (in Greek writers: Mmmwom). Tanh. Matt. 7 
'31 D3iiaa nx dftnTl nnx you loved your wealth (of cat- 
tle) more'than your souls ; Num. R.s. 12. lb.; Tanh. 1. c. 6 
dlte "DiK fiila nn«U3 Ha paa money is named mamon, 
that which thou countest is nothing. B. Mets. 2 b , a. fr. 
pS&S. telaM 'a property of doubtful ownership (with 
several claimants). Tosef. B. Mets. VII, 13; B. Kam. 116 b 
"a "tb yMBha the loss of a caravan attacked by robbers 
(the redemption paid them) is apportioned according to 
the value of the freight which each passenger carried, 
contrad. to nifflSJ *bb according to the number of pas- 
sengers, lb. 83 b 'a lis nnn y» 'eye for eye' (Ex. XXI, 24) 
means a fine in value, opp. IBaa "pS an actual putting out 
of the eye; a. v. fr.— [Pesik. E. s. 21 (ed. Fr., p. 105 b ) lis 
liaias 101S tins, read 13iaa3, thou canst not define its 
value ; Fr. a. 1. emends iiaioa, v. iaiB.]— PI. niaiaa. Snh. 

P'DD, &CTQD ch. same. Targ. Gen. XXXVII, 26 fia 
'a (Y. 'a miJrt; hjtext SS3 ria). Targ. Ex. XXI, 30 (h. 
text nB>); a. fr.— B. Kam. 15 a 'a KpW iote the payment 
of 'half-damage' is considered as a due indemnity, opp. 
KSSp penalty. lb. 108 a 'a 13115 iin two kinds of indem- 
nity (for the same action) ; ib. SOlaa i*in two indemnities ; 
a. fr. 

$13*02 f. (riW) appointed, deputy, superintendent, in 
gen. officer. Tosef. Pes. II (III), 11 'aan pint; Pes. 49 a 'a 
S"*l te> Zunin the deputy of Kabban G. (superintendent 
of the College). Sot.42 a TOS te 'a (BUB who has a superior 
in office. Ib. 8in 'a 1S& "pD the deputy high priest is no 
active officer.. Snh. II, 1 '31 ISSaa 'an the m'munneh 
places him between himself and the people; ib. 19 a lSHfl 
'a ijun •)!& the sagan (Tosef. ib. IV,1) is the same as the 
wCmunneh (in Mish. 1. c), i. e. the deputy high priest. 
Shek. V, 4 '31 te 'a StlfllB who was the superintendent of 
seals &c. ; a. iv.—Pl. diMaa, "paaa. Ib. 1 '31 'an "p ite those 
were the special officers in the Temple; a. e. 

HJIDD m. (UMa) touch, feeling. Targ.Y. II Gen.XXVII, 

22 (Y. I tiaia . . . vjbo). 

J^iTliDD m. (rum) pestilence, death. Targ.Ps.LXXVIII, 
50 (Var. Xinia).— Constr. naa. Targ. Jer. XVI, 4; a. e. 

"VlfUQ m. (v. fm) twisted yam, cord. Y. Sabb. VII, 
T)12U m. (Sis) druggist. Targ. Y. Ex. XXX, 25; 35, 

-TWUv.sub^aa. ' 

"IjnQ m. (b. h. ; Ita, sec. r. of "it, cmp. (Tisaa, I3aa, v. 
Arnheim Hebr. Gr.p. 173) [rejected, outcast,] bastard. Yeb. 
IV, 13 '31 1K1B te 'a miis who is a mamzer'i The issue 
of any connection forbidden in the Torah; (oth. opin.) 
'31 H13. lite ■pa.iirTIB te the issue of a connection for- 
bidden under the penalty of extinction; — P/.Wnj-aa, 
■p-llaa, 'ilaa. Kidd. Ill, 13 inaib 'a pteji there is a pos- 
sibility for the issue of bastards to be rehabilitated. Yeb. 

VIII, 3. Y. ib. 9° bot. ^rt/nnaa the bastards among them; I -ThM/ft 
a. fr.—Fem. nitaa. Tosef.' Kidd. V, 2. Yeb. 78 b ; a. fr. „ "' * ' .;, 

^It^Q, '"'JQD oh. same. Targ.O. Deut.XXIII,3.— 
Yeb. 78 b ; a. e.—Fem. KHI^aa, rtWltaa. Lev. R. s. 32; 
Y. Yeb. VIII, 9 C bot. 'al Klttaa "pip' ^p Sai» he heard 
people call (certain persons) bastards. 

nV"l$Z3D, '"^DD f. (preced.) the legal condition of a 
mamzer, bastardship. Y. Gitt. IV, beg. 45 c "tirb Siati i6ffl 
'a in order to prevent cases of bastardship. Ib. "pSO rVOa 
'a itV her children will be subjected to the restrictions 
of &c. Y. Kidd. I, 58 d top '=1 nstl dVM 'a the difference 
between the two opinions concerns bastardship, and you 
say so (that the several followers of the two opinions did 
not hesitate to intermarry)?; Y. Yeb. I, end, 3 b n^liaa 
(corr. ace). Yoma 18 b 'a . . . . s6aai and fills the world 
with cases of bastardship; Yalk. Lev. 617; (Yeb. 37 b 
■ptaa; a e. 

"HtflD, '"IDE m. (preced.) descendant of a mamzer, 
belonging to the mamzer class. Kidd. IV, 1; Tosef. ib.V,l. 


rnjnn, m-nnn, ritrnjnn, v . itaa, *wa. 

50 j5*OD, J5Z2Q m, (pla) scorner. Targ. Prov. IX, 7 ; 
a. fr.— PI '^p^aa, ''paa. Targ. Vs. I, 1 ; a. e— Ib. XXXV, 
16 tfjapiaa scorning words (ed. Wil. 'pan). 

^Tl'Dj^'OS, 'JPZ2Z3 f. (preced.) scorn. Targ. Prov. I, 
22; a. T e). ' 

~DZ2£I m. (b. h.; 130) sale. B.Bath. 155 b 'a rt13aa 
her sale is valid. — Ib. 'a Ttraa their sale &c; a.e. — npa 
imercial transactions. B. Mets.79 b ; a. e. 

^TOUD, Targ. Prov. XV, 13, read with ed. Lag. : 


5QX3 m. (Vba II) crushing tool,press-beam(or $tone)_for 
olives'; mill. B. Bath. IV, 5; expl. ib. 67 b Sttnai&a. Tosef. 
Ter. in, 13 '31 "]bnal 'art "jlrt pli when be puts them 
in the mill and walks over them crosswise; Y. ib. Ill, 42 b 
top 'art ninn. Maasr. I, 7 'art "paa Mish. ed. (Bab. ed. n^aa 
'art;Y. ed.a.Ms.M.'aSTja) from the pulp under the press; 
Tosef. ib. I, 7 iaxart ed. Zuck. (Vaf. 'baart, Wart). 

3HD pr. n. m. Mammal. Tosef. Erub IV (III), 17 fra 
'a the family of M.; Y. ib. IV, 22 3 rtaa (corr. ace.).— 
Yeb. 105 a ; Y. Bets. I, 60 b top, a. fr. 'a IS MS («a). 

SOQO II pr. n. pi. Mamla, a place whose inhabitants 
were short-lived. Gen. E. s. 59, beg.; Midr. Sam. ch. VIII; 
a. e.; v. "wkaa. 

^tOQ m. (An II) speech. Targ. Gen. XI, 1. Targ. Ex. 
XXXIII, 1 1 (h. text BT)S) ; a. fr. 

i. (b. h.; Tjba) mixture, mixed drink. Num. 
■p Xbx 'a ]im mimsakh (Prov. XXIII, 30) 
means a mixture of wine with wine. 

&VS2Q pr. n. pi. Mamtsi, a Palestinian border town 
(v. Hildesh. Beitr., p. 26). Y. Shebi. VI, 36 c Xnnaxi 'a ; 
Tosef. ib. IV, 11 xrdST 'a (Var. '33% ariSI); Sifre Dent. 

51 nnasn i2o; Yalk. Deut. 874 'nasi K^sa. 

JS^IH^D pr. n. pi. Mamtsia. Y. Succ. IV, 54 b bot., v. 

Wi^nq, NM3j5aa, v. sub <?*». 

p]5DD m. (ppa) decay, worm-eaten material. 'Sabb. 
IX, 6 T (90 a ) '31 'aai miBb 'aa Y.ed., Ms. 0. a. Ar. (v.Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 60; ed. ppa) worm-eaten sacred books and 
their worm-eaten bands. 

fcHCffl I (b. h.) pr. n. m. (or pi.) Mamre. Gen. E. s. 
42, end '(ref. to Gen. XIV, 13) 'a . . . Xinx it was a place 
called M.; 'a . . . KISS it was a man &c— Men. 85 a name 
of an Egyptian sorcerer, v. i?rti\ 

N^HD II m. (-v-ia, rtla) rebellious, (1"a i& \>S) 'a pt 
an elder disregarding the decision of the Supreme Court. 
Snh. XI, 1 (84 b ); 2 (86 b ). Y. Sabb. I, 3 d ; a. e. 

TlDDf. Mamru, name of a plant. Gitt. 69 a , v. inalrt. 


iDHQ m. (iBiBa) [soweifeiw^ tangible,] substance; sub- 
stantial, real. Ex. E, s. 14, beg. (ref. to ©a*!, Ex. X, 21) 
'a ia ST'rtlB there wag substance in the. darkness (it was 
thick). Ab.Zar. 67 a 11bK TOBai laStaSi fe anything the taste 
of which (in a mixture) as well as its substance is for^ 
bidden, Ib. b 11BK TOaa «Vi laSH a mixture in which there 
is the taste of a forbidden thipg whose substance, how- 
ever, is not visible, is forbidden. Hu]l. 108 a Ifflaa StVl laSB 
SttrpllKI !*a&S3 that a forbidden substance should ritu- 
ally affect a mixture in which is left a taste after its 
removal, is in all cases a Biblical rule. Snh. 63 b ..fSlli 
'31 'a 13 "psttj . . the Israelites knew very well that there 
is no reality in idols, yet they worshipped them for the 
sake of being permitted public licentiousness. B. Xam, 
83 b 'a )*$, v. •jiaa. Ib. 'a nma actual putting to deaih. 
Snh. 64 a , v. ptt ; a. v. fr.— Y. Ber. Ill, 6 d bot. tP"p rtBalfe 
its substance remains (on the skin, even if dried up). 

EfaH, W^1212 ch. same. Targ.Y. II Deut. XXXII, 
17.— Sabb. 152 b bot. 'a !T3 nW Ms. 0. a. Ar. (ed. KUJ&a, 
v. Rabb.D.S. a.l. note 10) that there is substance in him 
(that it is not a mere'apparition). — [ttJBa constr. touch, 

v. miaa.] ,■.,;.';. 

■•■ btifcjbi flbfiJDQ parable, y. boa. 
T\aDT21Q> f. (b. h. ; ittial) rulership, power. Koh. B. 

to X, 4 'SI .'a fb hmQ "O if rulership happens to be thine, 
leave not thy humility. —Gen. B. s. 53 'ah . . . rt>03 that 
rulership was taken from them ; a, e.— [Gen. B. s. 20, read : 

ftbi^aa, v. beja.] 

- HPS, v. xniaa. 

D "IDQD a combination of each first letter of the 
words fi&ISi bpti N3a N3a divided off in groups of three 
' letters each (Dan. V, 25). Snh. 22 a ; Cant. B. to 111,4; 

v. f'lbas. 

D^FiPP, "PJ9FH3Q m. pi. (b.h.; ptto) sweet things. 
Mekh. Yithro, Amal., s. 1. 

"jD (b. h.) from, of; more (or less) than. Ab. Zar. 18 a 
iah"P dlafflil fa from heaven they will have mercy (on 
me), i. e. I trust in God. Sabb. 21 b pllhah fa fillhah 

v. iisi'.— iroiah fa, vi ir&; hnaiah fa, v. hriaia.— Tem. 

28 a '31 KiSlhViiahan fa 'of the cattle' (Lev. 1, 2) intimates 
the exclusion of &c; a. v. fr.— Prefix "a, -To, -a, -ta q. v.— 
V.m, V'M T±$"V (= h - h - TMV, v. f;8) whence?, whence is 
it proven? — Toma 32 a '31 lBahb 'a whence is derived the 
regulation about five immersions &c? lb. 'rlbiSB b31U 'ai 
'31 and whence is the rule derived that each immersion 
requires &c? lb. 44 a 'a . . . &&K lb fR this would prove 
to me only in favor of ... , whence do you derive that 
the same applies to . . . ? ; &. v. fr. 

"]p, "pH ch. same. Targ. Gen. I, 2; a. v~. fr.— With suf- 
fixes of pers. pron. ija, '"^a from me; T||a, "'a /Vom ttee; 
fl^a, *ia from him, it&c. lb. XXII, 12. T Ib.III, 3;— 
Y. Ber. II, 5 a bot. pbOl fh fa to where he had come from. 
Sabb. 80 b tfb K1 mill fa this came to him from his own 
doing. Sot. 40 a MSia f ib KpS3 i»ai and what difference 
does it make ? '31 bbphi f|i|al i|a through myself and 
him the Most High is exalted. B. Kam. 18 a iWa iHNp 
ffi^a it was lost through its (the chicken's) action alone. 
Y.Peah VII, 20 b Sill tVO\ ftiJia (the sweetness) is entirely 
its own (no honey has been added). Snh. 39 b , v. SCaSt; 
a. fr.— mia xbl3 tfb, Sli3ia3 is Nb it is not at all in his 
power; v. &tbi3. — "1 fa /Vom tte time that, after; from the 
fact that; when; because. Lam. B. to II, 2 flbsxl fa after 
they had eaten; a. v. fr.; v. "la. 

"JQ I m. (b. h. ; !l3a) portion, food. Num. K. s. 12 (play 
on fains) the sun '31 fa Slisb (T'Sph HSHii whom the 
Lord has created to weave (ripen) food for creatures ; fW 
'31 mY*) xbi* fa man means fruits and food (with ref. to 
fail, Dan. I, 5).— Esp. fa(Si) the manna of the desert. Ex. 
B. s. 25. Tanh. B'shall. 20; Mekh. ib., Vayassa, s. 2 ibsiK 
fart those eating manna (not troubling themselves about 
to-morrow). Yoma75 a ; a. fr. 

"]P I, N|D ch. same (a day's) support. Succ. 39 b 1133. 
fa for as much only as is needed for the day. Ib. i&Wil 
'31 'a that man means support, v. preced.— Esp. XSa the 
manna. Targ. Ex. XVI, 31. Targ. Y. ib. 27; a. e. (some 
ed. SWa).. 

6 T*tt?« 

"JP, "jD II Wio?, wAai?, v. f«a. Targ. Gen. XXIV, 23. 
Ib. XXXIII, 8 (ed. Berl. sta; oth. ed. fKa); a. fr. — Em- 
phatic. Nia (K3a). Targ. Ps. XXXIX, 5. Targ. Prov. IV, 
19; a. fr/ ' 

)J3 III, isyQlthinff, vessel, garment; coulter, v.fwa. 

WP I, (&OD II) who ?, what?, v. fa II. 

. &tiD II (apocop. of fx fa ==h. ffsa; v. fja) whence?; 
whenee'is it proven? B. Kam. I17 a '31 N&Jpal Kiaih 'ai 
but whence will you prove that we draw no analogy from 
fines? Ib. 44 a bot. '31 fSW 'al and how do we know &c? 
Snh. 61 b fib Was 'a whence (on what evidence) do I 
say so?; — ibTo iJSl K3a, ibia iSSi3a, v. S&tqIL— 
fX3a. Gen. B. s. 11, v. 91\— fb SOa, fisa whence (Jo we 
toe Wiis?, Aojo d!o we foiow? Ber. 7 a . Meg! 2 a f 315313 'a 'a 
'31 whence do we derive this ? — Whence we derive this? 
(you ask, as if it were a law requiring an intimation in 
the Biblical text, while it is merely a measure of accom- 
modation,) as we were going to explain farther on. Ib. 
20 a ; a; v. ft-. 

»|D > (WD)««Mw,v.iai. ' , ■ ■ 

ItfDp to count, v. ija. 

Wai[I,(&Wip) pr.n.m. Mana (Mono), name of 
several Amoraim. Y. Sabb. I, 2 C top. Y. Dem. IV, 24 a top; 
Taan. 23 b 13a.— Y. Ab. Zar. II, 42 a top ;— V. Fr.M'bo, 
p. 114 b , sq. 

ItfDQ' IV a weight, v. nsa. 

']" l ^3a,Koh.B.toVn, 7 : 
IV, 68 a : f^15a, v. « ch. 

"]^3P whence?, v. Niall. 

SjiD'liiDP m. (153) lasher at court. Yoma 15 a ; 54 b sq.; 
Zeb. 38 a (expl. Spbsas) 'a3 . . iina B. Judah showed it by 
imitating the movement of the lasher, v. 115U. 

"PHD, v. fisasa. 

m^JM, v. next w. 

NjiljP va. (v. next w.) any means of charming; art, 
contrivance. Tanh. Lekh 15 (play onfaa, Gen. XIV, 20) 'a 
'31 irt"SpH fUBS (ed. Bub. ib. 19 il3i5a, corr. ace.) the Lord 
made a charm..., for Abraham took dust&c. Zeb. 11 6 b Ms. 
M. S3S&a; Yalk. Lev. 579 n3aa='Ma, v. siali.-PJ. nissssa. 
Gen.'B. s. 43 '31 W1B9 'a ha3 (Ar. ni*3Sa) how many arts 
did I not contrive to bring them under thy power ?; Yalk. 
ib. 74 m»i»a (corr. ace). — Esth. B. end (ref. toPs.LXVI, 
3) '31 f *>1B niSJSa flSiK ifim-ft ha (corr. ace.) how fearful 
are thy contrivances ; those to be slain slay their slayers 
&c; Midr. Till, to Ps. XXII -jVn Htolin; Yalk. Ex. 225; 
Yalk. Ps. 790; Pesik. B'shall., p. 81^81^3535. 

. "j"133PP m. (|xa77a^ov) same, 1) charm, potion. Gen. 
B. s. 88 T ip3hb "b WS 'a (ed. Wil. fSMa, pi.) they prepared 

'a filtl, read with Y. Taan. 

a charm for him to choke him.— 2) art, contrivance. Ex. 
B. s. 18 (play on WM, Ps. LXXVII, 7) '31 nUBSBJ 'a (ed. 
Wil. pi.) thy contrivance in Egypt (in not sending the 
plague of the first-horn at once). lb. '31 'a SIT* ia (ed. 
Wil. "pM, corr. ace.) who understands thy contrivances 
at the Bed Sea (when those who had drowned the Is- 
raelitish children, were drowned)? Tanh. B'har 2 "]&1!l 
'SI "toB 'a iJK (not ibffl) I will reverse my plans and make 
him (the poor) rich &c. Y'lamd. to Deut. VII, 12, quot. 
in Ar. 'a Tte n"3pn -|Bri the Lord turned the plan (of 
drowning the Israelites) against him (y. supra). — 3) me- 
chanic contrivance, machine. Lev. B. s. 20, beg. SiTi tiC? 
■felt) 'a 3H11 Ar. (ed. liSftJa) he did not know the mechanism 
(of the throne of Solomon); Pesik. Ahare, p. 168 a Jrwa 
l^tt) ",BMa (corr. ace.) ; Tanh. Vaethh. 1 -pMa (corr. ace.).— 
Talk. Esth, 1046; Targ. II Esth. I, 2 'aa by machinery (in 
the throne of Solomon).— PI. T?SSa, niaasa. lb. Yalk. 1. c. 
tTOpIS HOMa Til the machinery burst; a. fr. (v. supra). — 
8*5Ma,- Sl^Ma, v. preced. 

rftDD f. (Ezra IV, 13; =fl^a; cmp. S'nsa a. STO) Za«fl!- 
tax. Esth. B. introd.; Gen. B.'s. 64, v. hwa; Ned. 62 b ; B. 
Bath. 8 a "jVan h5a 11 'a mindah is the king's share (of 
the crops). 

I^H, 'Q ")£© pr. H. pi. Z'/ar Mawtfw (Kafr Menda, 
north of Sepphoris; v. Sm. Bible Diet. s. v. Madon, a. 
Fischer a. Guthe Map of Palestine). Pesik. Shub., p. 163 b ; 
Yalk. Job 906 ; Gen. B. s. 52 a. Lev. B. s. 1 ed. Wil. "KlMO.— 
[Tosef. Yeb. X, 3 iSlSa IBS ed. Zuck., Var. ynaa.] 

7 JD, v. preced. 

■pan-un, v. n^sa. 

5H2D, ^?^D m. (=S?a; cmp. Ma) knowledge, wis- 
dom. Targ. Y. Deut. I, 13 'a i*ia possessors of knowledge 
(0., v. S*ra). Targ. Job XXXIII, 3 ; a. fr. 

fcCfl^DQ f. same. Targ. Koh. IX, 11. 

'UTOD, v. BS5B. 

N?!.?^ jD f. (v. preced. wds.) sentiment, disposition. — 
PI. sns'flja (cmp. riS^). Targ. Job XXXVI, 4 (some ed. 
sing.fwi. senaa; h. text nisi). 


&0113Q, Y. Naz. I, 51 a hot., read: Sa/lWa. 

f i!D!3m. (b.h., from which |xva,mina; ilia) [owe fam- 
iraJ,] Maneh, a weight in gold or silver, equal to one 
hundred common or fifty sacred shekels (v. Zuckerm. 
Talin. Miinz. p. 7, sq.). Bekh. 5 a IrPh blB3 lBTip blB 'a the 
sacred Maneh was double the weight of the common, 
lb. VIII, 7 '.i"flX 'aa taking the Tyrian M. as a standard. 
Ib. 49 b 'i"YlS blS 'a . . . iTiS 'a 'the Tyrian M.' . . . means 

the standard of the Tyrian system (one Sela,= 4 Zuz,,,,' 
Bashi). Keth. I, 2 'a fiJabxi DTM . . . hbina the widow- 
hood of a maiden is \wo hundred (Zuz), and that of, a 
widow(remarried)is one hundred (Zuz, a common Shekel). 
B. Kam. 90 b pn rfliTa 'a IS "pn ills 'a does the Mishnah 
(VIII, 6) mean a Tyrian or a country Maneh (twelve and a 
half Zuz) ? Shebu. VI, 1 "pis ib 'a thou owest me one hun- 
dred denars. Snh. VIII, 2 1125a 'a meat of the weight of a 
Maneh. Shebi. I, .2 ipVbixa 'a bUDID the weight of sixty 
M. in the Italian system. Ker. 6 a ; a. fr.— -Erub. 85 b bot. 
'a -Fixa 'fib nlpa liS make room for one worth one hun- 
dred M.(in gold).-Trnsf. blB p 'a a Maneh son of aP'ras 
(half a Maneh), i. e. a distinguished son of a less dis- 
tinguished father. Taan. 21 b .— PL bija, -psa. Y, Shek. 

VI, 49 c bot. 'a . . . Cp» the weight of fifteen hundred M. 
Ker. 1. c; a. e. — Chald. form: ija. Targ. Ez. XLV, 12 
(Kimhi ssa).— PL T?a, K*sa, i;a, T ix;a, lisa. lb. Targ. 
Is. VII, 23.* Targ. I Kings X, 17 ;'a. e.— Esth.B. to VI, 10 ; 
Lev. B. s. 28— Sabb. 133 b X3in 'a ail) (not Wa,T. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 90) fat weighing seven M. (Bashi: seven 
portions of fat). Y. B. Kam. IX, 6 d bot. [read as Tosaf. 
to Bab. ib. ioo b :) '31 ysaab 'a 'm las i"na man wool 
worth five M., dyeing material worth five, and ten M. 
wages. Y. Meg. IV, 74 d bot. i"8a (corr. ace); a. e. 

y\yi2 I f. (b. h.; preced.) share, portion. Bekh. V, 1 
'a "ttaa 'a •pbpTO you must weigh one piece (of the meat 
of the first-born) against another piece (of secular meat 
of ascertained weight). Gitt. 59 b , a. e. "(man TlBi 'a 'a blBi*> 
that he (the priest) have the privilege of first choice 
(when a division is made). Sifre Deut. 53; Yalk. ib. 875 
flBi 'a the best portion (at the meal). Yalk. Num. 765, 
end '31 'a laXsi 111310 "]Va a king who selected a portion 
for himself, and another came and spoke disparagingly— PI. hi3a. Sabb.l49 a ; Tosef. ib. XVII (XVIII), 
5. Ib. 4 IrVTfisa >S y^Ba cast lots for their portions (at 
the table); a. e.--V. nsa. 

J13Q II to count, v. iJa. 

JHDD m. (b. h.; ans) conduct, manner, usage. B.Mets. 

VII, 1 VniWl Srtia the usage of the country. Tosef. 
ib. VII, 13 KimB 13 VlM 'a the usage among members 
of a caravan ; ib. 14 )*)EOTl 'a the usage of shippers (in 
cases of jetsam). Y. Pes. IV, 30 d top 'a 15i« this is no 
religious usage (deserving recognition) ; 'a it is &c. Hull. 
13 b Irtma piniax 'a sbK . . . &i"d5 the gentiles outside 
of Palestine are not to be considered as idolaters, they 
only continue the usages of their ancestors. Ab. Zar. 54 b 
SiTO SsrtSaS bblS the world (nature) follows its laws. Pesik. 
Ahare, T p. 168 a , v. -jiaasa : a. fr.— PA biSrlM. Lev. B. s. 20, 
beg. 1 h Sr;?a its arrangements, v. yiiWa. 

^JTOD ch. same. Targ. Buth IV, 7; a. e,— Snh. 
46 b Xabsa 'a a mere usage (is incidentally recorded in 
the Bible, not meant as a law). Ib. 'aa 'iJfifflb «bl in 
order not to depart from the common custom; "larnBi^l 
'a6 intimating that they will be treated differently from 

usage (as a disgrace). Nidd. 66 a -\b StJiax' .: 
H11bii< I speak of a legal prohibition, and 

you quote a usage; Yet). 13 b ; a. e. — [Y. Ber. V, 9 a lanaa 

nianaa, v. ian. 

>1 J2 ! ljl3P f. (&ns) roaring. Yalk. Ps. 864, v. i-TOa. 

3TIDH m. (an;) feader, director. Gen. R. s. 39, beg.; 
a. e. 'a &>3 iTtn bVlSniB laxn is it possible that this world 
has no leader? — B. Bath. 91? sq. '31 ia'Tlia lajKlB . . .118 
woe to the world (humanity) whose leader is gone, woe 
to the ship whose captain is gone!; a. e. — PL diJiflSa. 
Gen. B. s. 24 TOinaal 1111 111 generation after generation 
and their several leaders. lb. s. 12 "jhijiriaal "p K13 crea- 
ted them (the heavens) and their directing agencies, v. 

noiis.— v. ana. 

"'3J13Q = i|n Ma, v. aaa II. 

NHflDQ m. (in? I) [light-giver,'] morning star. Y. 
Yoma fil, beg. 40 b ; Y. R. Hash. II, beg. 57 d , v. p13 1. 

N" - ]!™PP f. (preced.) fine appearance, display of 
dignity. Ned. 38 b pins 'ai . . . Iiias Ar. (v. Asheri a. 1. ; 
ed. Sttvnnaab; Yar. in R. Nissim Nnilpaab) slaves are 
mainly used for display (and need no fattening food). 

'USD (= *in la) who is he?, who is it? Snh. 14 a im 
'31 N ,naii '1 'al niaiSI and one with him, and who is the 
one ? B. J. &c. ; a. fr — Fern. i|a (= in la). Sabb. 140 b s6 
'a s6k iaa ^lain do not call, Who is he? (at the door) 
but 'Who is she?'— Esp. iaa (Krt) (ellipt. for in "jaTi «n) 
whose opinion is this? Hull. 15 b '31 '1 sb 'a whose opinion 
is it (you represent) ? This is neither Babbi's nor &c. Succ. 
3 a '31 1D"3 'a rt laso Ms. M. (v. Eabh. D. S. a. 1. note) he 
who said this to thee, — do you know whose opinion he 
represents? Beth Shammai's &c; a. fr. — [B. Bath. 91 a 
iaa, v. next w.] 

ar^iaa, arftrton m . (com P . of ^ a . «m) 

manager of the house, executor. B. Bath. 91 a (prov.) IS 
niniiaiaa saup . . . sii Ms. M. (ed. '3 iaa staip, v. Rabb. 
D. S.a.l. note) before the dying man is dead, his executor 
stands (ready to assume the administration). 

TlDQ m. (b. h.; 113) shaking; HMO liaa shaking of the 
head, ready assent, submission. Sabb. 104 a (ref. to the 
shapes of certain letters, v. t]B3) '1 'aa minn naniaffl (Ar. 
only 'aa) the Law has been given under repeated signs 
of assent. 

Y>bTDO, v.^ana.^waa. 

NSITMP f - (^I? I) nasty, muddy. Taan. 6 b , y. nag. 

SP113Q, v. anaa. 

rn3D I (b. h.) pr. n. m. Manoah, 1) the father of Sam- 
son. Bei\ 61 a . Num. K. s. 10. B. Bath. 91 a ; a. fr.— 2) M., 
father of R. Huna. Taan. 9 a . 

ni'JD II m. (b.h.; nw) res*. Sabb. 152 b 'a irt ffli (Ms. 
M. nmaa) find rest. Lam. R. to I, 3 '31 'a nxsa iVw if 

she (Judah) had found rest (among the nations), she would 
not have returned (to the Lord) ; a. e. 

finiM f. (b. h.) ; same. Num. R. s. 10 tltOpa nj*133n 
'a inspiration is called resting (ref. to Jer. LI, 59, a. Is. 

XI, 2). Ber. 64 a 'a drt ys n"H scholars are never at rest 
(constantly progressing).' Ex. R. s. 1 'a art "(iKS) nsO 
he saw that they had no recreation from labor; a. fr.' — 
Esp. the seat of the central sanctuary (with ref. to Deut. 

XII, 9). Tosef. Zeb. XIII, 20; Zeb. 119 a , sq. 


OiDDiDD, v. waaiaia. 

"MO, v. iw. 

T13H m. (b.h.; naa; sub.ajitf) manager, executor. Gen. 
R. s. 22 T (ref. to Prov. XXIX, 21) mrt IBIS . . .pSSatO ia \a 
'31 11^9 'a if one indulges his passion in his youth, it 
will be his ruler in his old days; (Yalk. Prov. 962 nnia, 
some ed. bWQ; ib. 961 pnia). Succ. 52 b , v. n"3BK.— [Cant. 
R. to II, 1 TOSS "iaa, a corrupt gloss, perhaps for "piS 
1"aaj, a reference to Ex. R. s. 23.] 

W13Q m. (v. ssa; iaa) the ordinary daily food. Targ. 
Y.II Dent. VIII, 3 (h. text tart). 

•tirOD, v. iaiaia. 

&13Q m. (b. h.; M3) refuge. Ex. R. s. 1 ffiUab 'a ina 
'31 suffered Moses to take refuge with an idolater. Yalk. 
Job 906; Yalk. Jud. 41, v. yb ; a. e. 

HD'lDD f. same. Midr. Till, to Ps. LXVIII 'a tart T« 
di&3 ^irt have no resort to which to flee. 

!™H"13Q f. (b. h.; 113) candlestick, lamp. Pesik. Ekhah, 
p. 123 Ta , a.'e., v. nS3. Gen. R. s. 20 '31 131 affi ^U3 'a a 
golden candlestick with an earthen lamp on top (typical 
of a noble woman married to an ignoble husband); a. 
fr. — Esp. the candlestick in the Sanctuary. Num. R. s. 15. 
Men. 29 a . Tarn. Ill, 9; Yoma 21 a , v. ft&*; a. fr.— PL 
niiiaa. Men. i.e. 

^m ; a-)SD,v.waa. 

tfrnM, v. M»a. 

Ml WD, read: Sa^aa. 

&OTOD, TTJDD (a feigned denom. of fiiia, with 
suffix of first person) 1 will be a Nazih (substitute of 

SDp^WD, 'pWD (v. preced.) 1 will be a Nazih (sub-, 
stitute for Nazir)'. ''Y. Naz. I, beg. 51 a [read:] 1,1318 pun 
saniisa sanitaa 'a . . . yiiaia niaia what are the substitutes 
of substitutes ? . . . I will be a Nazik, a Nazih &c. Ib. 

sonna laixn i*n» iiaij* fflaa yiiais yiiaia mais lbs fx 
xaiitaa naiK3 aanitaa xaniiaa laixn -[3 nita iai« saai 

these are not substitutes of substitutes ; these are direct 
substitutes. If one said manzirna (I will be a Nazir), is 
he not a Nazir? So he who says &c. (turning the sub- 


stitute nouns into verbs) must be considered as if he had 
said manzirna. Ned. 10 b [read :] santsa santaa xapfta. 

fcCTttlQ, &C"]WQ (v. preced.) Iioill be a Nazir. Y. 
Naz. I, beg. 51 a (not "TOa), v. preced. 

1*1323 m. ch. = h. niaa, 1) rest, relief. Targ. 0. Gen. 
VIII, T 9. : Targ. Deut. XXVIII, 65 (Y. some ed. ma). Targ. 
Ps. CXVI, 7 "arvnn (Ms. TfO, Eegia 'ma).— 2) going to rest, 
decline (v. next w.). Targ. Gen. Ill, 8 sail naa (h. text 

iltlDD f. (b. h.; ritt; cmp. Mil) 1) [laid down,] offer- 
ing, present.— PI. ninaa. Num. E. s. 13 IKian na^B&tB 
'31 'a niaiSrt as the nations brought gifts to Solomon &c. ; 
a. e.— Esp. (in ritual) meal-offering. Men. 1, 1 sain nnaa 
the sinner's meal-offering (Lev. V, 11). lb. X, 6 (68 b ) nnaa 
nana the meal-offering connected with animal offering 
(e. g. Lev. VII, 13). lb. XII, 3 '31 'a i*>S iin I vow a 
minhah of barley; a. v. fr. — PI. as ab. lb. I, 1 ; a. fr. — 
M'nahoth, name of a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, 
and Talmud Babli of the Order of Kodashim. — 2) (cmp. 
preced. 2) [decline,} afternoon (corresp. to b. h. fi";a*iWi 'pa); 
'an n|sn (or nnaa) afternoon-prayer, Minhah. Ber. IV, 1 
(26 a ) aisn IS 'ah nbsn the Minhah may be read until 
sunset; ib. 26 b '31 d^ai^n -pa bw Tan iinia . . 'an nbsn 
the Minhah may be read &c, because the daily sacrifice 
of the afternoon could be offered until sunset. Ib. && IS 
'an up to the middle of the afternoon. Ib. SiVnS 'a ('a 
Sap) the large (first) afternoon, i. e. the time from six 
and a half hours after sunrise to sunset (the day being 
divided into twelve hours) ; naap 'a (nanns 'a) the smaller 
(later) afternoon, i. e. from nine and a half hours to sun- 
set. Ib. nanns 'a AS the middle of the late (small) after- 
noon. Ib. top 'a bbStTt sVl MSB if by mistake he failed 
to read the Minhah ; a. fr. 

D!13P (b. h.) pr. n. m. Menahem,, 1) King of Israel. 
Yalk. Kings 236 (from Seder '(Mam). — 2) name of the 
Messiah to come. Snh. 98 b . Y. Ber. Ill, 5 a top; Lam. E. 
to I, 16; Pirke d'E. El. ch. XIX Spli p *>S">aS p 'a.— 
3) M., associate judge of Hillel. Hag. II, 2. Ib. 16 b SS*> 
l^an tmasb 'a M. resigned from the judgeship to enter 
the King's (Herod's) service.— 4) M. bar Simai, surnamed 
'the son of saints'. Pes. 104 a ; Ab. Zar. 50 a ; (Y. ib. HI, 42 c 
top fiiffllp OTp ffliK bins).— 5) name of several scholars, 
r. Maasr. V, end, 52 a M. bar Mabsima.— Y. Erub. VII, 24 c 
top.— Tosef. ib. XI (VIII), 10 srta OTK 'a (Keth. 60 a dina). 
Tosef. Shebu. I, 7 It EDS UPS 'a, v. Tiaa.— Tosef. Keth. V, 1 ; 
a. fr. 

arrrra, v.wvnr™. 

tfrqn n 

. (b. h. ions) diviner, v. aire. 

^n3D, ^12Jn3a ch. same. Targ. 0. Deut. XVIII, 
10.— Pi. ptihSa' S'lZJnaa. Targ. Y. Lev. XXVI, 30; a. e. 

stfrPOa, ; |"]372 f. ch.=h. *», l) offering; meal of- 
fering. Targ. Lev. II, 1 ; a. fr. — PI. sninaa. Targ. 0. Num. 
XVHI, 9 ed. Berl. (ed. 'nnaa).— 2) afternoon, afternoon 

prayer, Minhah. Targ. I Kings XVHI, 29.^-Y. Pes. V, 30 d 
top.— Sot. 39 b rVWrt 'aa in the Minhah of the fast-day. 
—PI. snnaa. E. Hash. 31 a anaffll 'aa in the Minhah of 
Sabbath days; a. e. 

yOTODH f. (correct "iBia, mantela, [AOrtTTjXiov, of 
Semitic origin, v. iloa II) napkin, handkerchief. Y. Ber. 
Ill, 6 d bot. '31 'as ppTI quot. in Asheri to Ber. 24 b (ed. 
pVosiS, Eashba "pbiiB dK, Var. pbass dS, corr. ace, and 
read: inia for 110K) who spits into his handkerchief.— Pi. 
same. Gen. E. s. 5 ; s. 28 pbliaaai, pbiaaal (corr. ace), 
v. y>ttsa II. 

""1T33D '12 m. ("ma) l) (infin. of iaa) 'ab "nbai the 
charge 'of. Targ. Y. Num. Ill, 36 (O. -b ■ia'vab T&al ed. 
Berl., oth. ed. IBab). — 2) [guard,] border, edge of a cloak 
(corresp. to Lat. clavus). Targ. Y. Ex. XXVIII, 31 ; 34.— 
Trnsf. (like clavus) tunic. Targ. I Chr. XV, 27. 

ynrrcua v. -m^a. 

" I |ID, 12 3*"11S> pr. n. Land of Minni (supposed to be 
Minyas in Armenia). Targ. Ps. XLV, 9; (Targ. Jer. LI, 

27 iJUJlft). 

"OD pr.n. m., v. JOa. 

^12, V. ilJB. 

*>30 a iveight, v. naa. 

"323, TuQ (b. h.) to divide, distribute; to count. Bekh 
IX, 7 'si nnVaama naiai (Bab. ed. 58 b 's paiai) and he 
counts with the rod, one, two &c. Ib. psian dsaa if he 
counted them while they were crouching. Shebu. 34 a bot. 
'31 -\b TfiJa naa (not sprpja, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) I 
counted (delivered) to thee a Maneh (as a loan) in the 
presence &c; ib. b E. Hash. 12 a '31 biaab paia bsntBf ^asn 
the Jewish scholars count the dates of the flood in ac- 
cordance with E. El. (beginning the year with Tishri), 
and the astronomical calendar in accordance with E. J. 
(beginning with Nisan). Pesik. E. s. 15, beg. naaVb paia ps 
'31 we count by the moon (fix the date of the new month) 
only when seen after sunset. Succ. 29 a , a. fr. naabV paia 
regulate the seasons by the moon (have a lunar year). 
Men. 65 b , a. e. '31 D^ai naa count the required number 
of days and proclaim (one day as) the New Moon Day. 
YomaV, 3; a. fr. — Part. pass, ifla; f. d^tta, 
■p-iisa, piaa; nnwa a) counted. Taan. 8 b 'an 131 that 
which has been counted (is known by number). Bekh. 
IX, 7 'an ^a ins one of the sheep already counted.— 
b) classified; (pi.) class. Hag. I7 b nias ok Yyjwab Bin na 
■ffJWab (msS = 'S b® Siaaj) as the New Moon festival 
belongs to its class (of days), so does the Pentecost (which 
is determined by counting weeks) belong to its class (of 
weeks), i. e. the pilgrim's sacrifice (Win) may be offered 
^.during the entire eighth week from Passover; E. Hash. 
5 a TOab.— c) (v. Nif.) entered for a share in the sacrifice. 
Zeb! V, 8 Vnaab sbs ^3X3 laitf can be partaken of only 
by those registered for it. Pes. V,3 (61 a ) vtoisb xbffl IBplI) 
liiiaai S^ffll (Bab. ed. ndb) if while slaughtering he had 

in mind such as were unable to partake of it (sick per- 
sons &c.) or such as had not been registered for it. lb. 
6i a bot. fiissb ^toia UJprPK (Ms. M. 'V«i3a*> iitoix) the 
partakers (to be held in mind) are analogous to the reg- 
istered, lb. 7<p'rm£> . . . rtfiK Ms. M. (ed. incorr. finals, 
lil3a^) it (the pilgrim's sacrifice) can only be partaken of 
by those registered for it; a. fr. 

Nif. nsa?, '13 1) to be counted. Num. B. s. l tjiw? pi« 
■jimas BtVl are neither numbered nor measured. Bets. 3 b , 
a. e. nisa^ isths ns, v. nj*.' Gitt. V, 6 was (usu. isas 
l*ia51) they (their votes) were counted, they resolved, v. 
'lain; a. fr.— 2) to be counted on for a share in the Pass- 
over lamb, to be registered (Ex. XII, 4). Pes.VIII, 3 alslsfc 
'31 "rt>3> p"3ai3 persons may continually be entered for a 
share in it, as long as there remains for each &c. lb. "pais 
'31 "p31!!lai they may be entered and withdraw again. lb. 
89 a ni3Bi!? totf but as for registering (additional names). 
Tosef. ib.VII, 7 '=1 rTOanto -\W72tb in (ed. Zuck. incorr.) 
if some of them wish to withdraw and have others enter- 
ed on their share &c; a. fr.— 3) to be specified. Y. Taan. 

IV, 68 b (ref. to Mish. IV, 5) nisaini run ha what 

reason was there for that specification of the time when 
each family of priests and the people had to offer wood?; 
Y. Shek. IV, beg. 47 d ; Y. Meg. I, 70 c top. 

Hif. nsan, 'in to cause to be entered; to add to the 
number of sharers ; to transmit one's share to another 
person. Y. Pes. VIII, 36 a top ton to lniK 'in he gave him a 
share gratuitously. Tosef. ib. 1. c. ni3an> 1212) niian i3a 
'31 (ed. Zuck. nijab) members of a party who desire to give 
others a share in their own portion. Ib. Dinnx MSaan 
lptoi to (ed. Zuck. lin&B) he who assigns to Others a share 
in his portion ; a. fr. 

Hof. nsain to be added to the number; to be entered 
as a member of a group or of a family. Tosef. ib. 3 "n 
bfta IflK to if he (the orphan) has been entered as his 
guest by one of the guardians. Ib. 6 '=1 ISainilJ niian 133 
ed. Zuck. (oth. ed. 13031U) members of a group who have 
been entered (in a body) in addition to the original par- 
ticipants; a. e. 

Pi. nsa, "*a to appoint, elect. Gitt. V, 4 yms. )tb "rattl 
'31 for whom their father had appointed an executor. 
Ib. '31 13S install) whom the father . . . has appointed. 
Taan. 10 b '31 frrisab ilKI© to who is worthy to be elected 
manager &c; a. fr. — Part. pass, fisroa; pl.tfliVaa. Sot. 
42 a 'aa pb fnb for what purpose is a deputy high priest 
appointed?; Yoma 39 a lawa ed. (corr. acc.;,v.Babb.D.S. 
a. 1. note); a. fr.^Hor. 13 b '31 031B diSlaa dniaKIU Ms. M. 
(ed. brTOK 'a'affi, = b"«iaan la) whose father is of those 
worthy to be elected manager (v. Taan. 1. c). — V. nsiaa.— 
Esp. to ordain as teacher and judge. Y. Snh. 1, 19 a bot. 
"31 s6ttJ 'iaia Y'a a court that ordained without the con- 
sent of the Nasi. Ib. '31 ilSaa 1118 to IT*! each teacher 
used to ordain his own pupils; a. fr. 

Sithpa. nsarn, Nithpa.iison 1) to be appointed, des- 
ignated as deputy, to be ordained. Sifra Ahare Par. 5, 
ch.' VIII iiaanan 1HX ins maii to imply the othef priest 
that is designated as a deputy. Y. Bice. Ill, 65 d toj d3h 
'31 '310 when a scholar is ordained, his sins are forgiven. 
Ib. '31 C|b3'a 'ana XlffiB T» (not i3ana) before him who 

has been ordained for money, we must not stand up, nor 
do we call him rabbi, and the cloak upon him is like 
the cover of ass. Yoma 22 b . Y. Shek. V, 48 d bot.' 'ista 
'31 "iijana dnKlB dm .... to '323 til ax if this one ap- 
pointed superintendent of wicks, was privileged to be 
counted among the great of the generation, how much 
more you who are to be appointed over the preservation of 
lives (as directors of charities). B. Hash. II, 9 (25 a ) 13an?lD 
'31 to V'a Ms. 0, (ed. naSffl, v. Babb, D, S. a. 1. note 90) 
who have been ordained as a court for all Israel ; a. f r. — 
2) (of things) to be assigned. Tosef. Sot. VII, 20 flSani 
'31 n&31B ai&6 if a livelihood has been assigned to a man 
(by Providence, i. e. if he has succeeded in establishing a 
livelihood), he must buy a house ; '31 ftpi 1^ '3 ~iin (v. ed. 
Zuckerm. note) if more has been provided for him, he 
must buy a field . . . and then marry a wife. 

"OQ, &OD ch. same 1) to count. Targ. Ps.LXXVIII, 9 
K3tip(5) 13a T (ed. Lag. iJia, corr. ace.) they calculated the 
term (of redemption). Targ. Num. 1,44; 49; a. fr.— Men. 
66 a '31 lav i3aiab to count the days . . . and the weeks 
(of the ' Omerj. Ib. '31 iaii. 13a .. . pan Ms. M. (ed. i3a) 
the scholars of . . . counted the days but not the weeks. 
Hull. 60 b '31 "p Wail? the Israelites shall count days and 
years after thee (the moon); a. fr. — [Yalk. Is. 337 piSal, 
v. SW.]— -2) to appoint, v. infra. 

Pa. i|a 1) to appoint, ordain. Targ. 0. Gen. XLI, 33, sq. 
(Y. Pe.) ; a. fr.— Y. Bice. HI, 65 c bot. mni|aa /pi3>a pin 
they wanted to ordain him; ib. d top il^jiaa. Ib. .TWal 
and they ordained him. Sot. 40 a nnsaaS nito pan WEPSI 
Sfflina the scholars agreed to appoint him first ; a. fr.— 
Part. pass. Njaa, i?aa; pi. l|aa appointed; officer (v. 
nsiaa). Targ.Y.Num.II,5. Targ. Jer. XXXVII, 13. Targ. 
I Chr. IX, 1 9 ; a. f r. —2) to assign,commit. Targ. Ps. XXXI, 6 . 
(h. text lipSK). Targ. H Chr. XII, 10 ; a. e. 

Af. is»» 1) to register, enter, designate for a share. 
Pes. 89 a SOpiSa insisasnthat he had originally designated 
them for participation in the Passover meal; a. e— 2) to 
take a vote. Ib. 52 a ISaaMs. M. (ed. piaa, read p3»a), v. 
s«m n. 

Ithpa. isans, SSatlS, Ithpe. i3anij<, "WW 1) to be num- 
bered, counted; to vote. Targ. Num. II, 33; a. fr.' — Sot. 
40 a , v. supra. Gitt. 56 b '31 laHUtt Vb ftHiKl (not ..KSiaNl 
SaHDM . .) the nobles of Borne have agreed to place thee 
at the head; a. e. — 2) to be appointed; to be ordained. 
Targ. Ps. CX, 4 ; 6 ; a. fr.— Y. Bice. 1. c. iSanial ptoit la in 
&&3a (read: p?ar\ia"i) one of those ordained for money's 
sake. Ib. (adapting Hab. H, 19) '31 '">X XTBOSQifb has he 
not been ordained for money ? &c. Ib. ijsana ilto top i/b 
he would not allow himself to be ordained; — 3) to be 
designated for a share. Targ. O. Ex. XII, 4.— Pes. 89 a 
nni in to inna insissnsi Ms. m. (Ms. 0. nm in to isbiji 

nmna; ed. '31 13M fliltoj) I3ai31, read 13m iltoS; v. Rabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note) and let them be designated as participants 
with each of them (and leteach of them bedesignated&c). 
Ib. iaana Up ia OTllin nna after the lamb is slaughtered 
how can he be entered? Ib. 60 b ismnx niltos l3Biai (v. 
Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 200) and other persons will be enter- 
ed for a share in it ; a. e. 

' •" l D"P3Qj ^D pr. n. m.Minyomi, a physician. Ab. Zar. 
28 b (Ms.'M. , ]"ia^a). Sabb. 133 b (Ms; M. TW«33; Snh. 99 b 
bot. l^a^a). 

"pDTjQ pr. n. m. Minyomin. Hull. 49 b , y. 8^S3. 

12"0D, part. Af. of Btt. 


^n,ao^o,vo: ?a ,ra. 

fcftEP'OD, T. Meg. II, 73 b , read ,ma. 

fcO'OD, '!Q m. ("fla, v..»sisan) [6a^e of office,] neck- 
lace. T Targ. Gen. XLI, 42; a", e.— Tarn. 32 a .— PL "jia^ia. 
Targ. Y. II Gen. XLIX, 22. 

> FD'OQ. f. h. form, same. . Eirke d'E. El. ch. XLIII 

11DX1 roiJaa im» llnxl quot. in Men. Hamm,T, p,h. V, 
1, 2 (ed. npliaa) they seized him by his necklace. 

"jWD, '"^Q, '3^3 pr. n. m. Minyamin,. name of 
several persons; 1) M., an Egyptian proselyte. Tosef. Kidd. 
V, 4; (Sifre Deut. 253 ya^a); Sot. 9 a ; Yeb. 78 a .— 2) 13 'a 
••VTiK.-Meg. 28 a (Ms. M. Thst 13 '33; v. Eabb. D. 8. a. 1. 
note).— 3) Nidd. 65 a , v. ST^BTSJ.— 4) Ab. Zar. 28 b , v. ">aii3a. 

113D, v. fan. 

.^DD, ^"^D, '"B m. (b. h. ; hsa) number, count; bal- 
lot, vote. *B. T Mets. 6 b '; : .Bekh. 59 b , 'a. e. IBIS ilKIH to a 
count properly begun redeems, i. e. if one began ; to count 
ten or more animals for tithing purposes, and during 
the count one animal ,died or ran off, those which, passed 
the rod are redeemed, ,1b. ^Xin. 'a3 lrtb IIBaiX they 
were redeemed by means of the (interrupted) count pro- 
perly, begun.— 'att.'aSI, iS^ia 311, v. ^53.— Bets. 3 b 131 
'33 151131113 Ms. M..(ed.'aaiB 131); Zeb*73 a, H 13 1U11B 131 
objects sold by the piece. — Y. Ber. I, 3 a top 'ah b» 1iaS5 
let us decide by vote; Tosef Ohol. IV, 2 'p% 11aS3. Eduy. 

.1, 5, a. fr. 'a31 fiasna btli superior to a previous 

meeting of scholars in learning and numbers. ,Bets. 5 a 
'31 'a *[iis 'a3U3 131 ^3 a prohibitory measure passed by 
ballot, requires another ballot to be abrogated (although 
the reason for the measure has ceased to exist). Snh. 

26 a 'an -ja 1J1K 1B)p a measure passed in a meeting 

of wicked men does not count (deserves no consideration 
on the part of successors). Hull. 97 b 'an "ja . . . "fN does 
not count, is not included.— Num. B. s. 1 \s&*W> flaa at 
the census of the Israelites in the desert; a. fr. — [In later 
Hebrew, 'a the requisite number of males for congre- 
gational worship.] 

]'7D, SOTD/^D^Q ch.same. Targ. Gen. XXXIV, 
30. Targ. Num'. 1,2.; a.'fr.— §abb.73 bl1 Vna!j'a why does the 
Mishnah state the number (39)?; ICerith.,2 b ;— Bekh. 
60 a bot. '31 ffiJffllS 'a3 .ilVWl -Vwfi because it occurs in 

thePersian (?) system of counting that they call ten one. — 
Snh. 36 a ; Gitt. 59 a 'a3 "Wil X3S I was one of the voters 
in the school of Babbi, and with me they commenced. 
Y. Snh. I, 18 c top [read:] '31 <aa nip!s& S5X')''X whether 
or not I was counted in (to make up the required num- 
ber); a. fr.— Pi. KJSJSa, "^Sa, "i». Targ. Num. I, 44; a. 
fr.— Gitt. 1. c. ; 'sl^l'i'WxMniia in all their ballots they 
began their vote from the side benches (with the jun- 
iors).— Sabb. 66 b '31 'a ta all incantations which are re- 
peated several times,must contain the name ofthe patient's 
mother ; a. e. 

Stf&"0O,m. (W fan.B. Mets.86» 'zn*)>2 iS^H (Ms. 
M.a. oth.'tpfi'isaa) fan me with the (thy) fan; v. *lB3a. 

nj^ao, n9^,a&c.,v.sub^a. 

JStP^JQ, , Y..Meg. II, 73 b , read : JCttJaa. 

'.'VP323. (b.h.), pr. n. pl.Minnith, in Palestine. Lam. B. 
to III,'l6 (play on 'a -fflna, Ez. XXVII,- 17) 1^38^1 IBM 
wheat dishes without number ; ib. .'a yova. as many, as the 
numerical value,of rffla (500) ; Koh. B. to I, 8 (corr.acc). 

rP"03D, Y. got. V, 20° bot., v. trnsift. 

' "]'53D, v. N3a H.— [Yalk. Koh. 971 l>3a lip, v. Stteiall.] 

D3D, Koh. B. to V, 11 tearo some ed., read : BSaans, 

'12SI22D, Targ. Y. Num. XXVI, 9 Ar. (ed. -.TftlSa), 
read: "Wra, v. la}I. 

"]3D, 13D, ]3D, '12 (= IS la; cmp. K3a II) whence? 
Targ. Kum. XI, 13. Targ. 0. Gen. XVI, 8, '(Y. )$n la). 
Targ. Jon. I, 8 (some ed. ")Sa, corr. ace); a. e. 

n©3_D, or n03D, Targ. Prov.XXIX, 21,.y,hBS. 

i»BD3n, v. ts»t»- 

n pD3D, Num. E. s. 12; Sifre Num. 45, v. 1B&&P&!*. 

23D (b. h.) [to cut off r ] to withhold, refuse,, refrain. 
Pes. 113 b 1^11a -Biissa SSiah he who denies shoes to his 
feet. Keth.96 a bi Wia 1^X3 lfflaisba TnobrvSJian he 
who denies to his pupil the privilege of attendance, is 
considered as if denying kindness to him. -Ber. 10 a , sq. 5>K 
dianiil la lass SSa^must not cut himself off from (des- 
pair of) divine mercy. Gen. B. s. 76, end (ref. to Job VI, 
14) '31 "jSia 05>3a thou (Jacob) didst refuse kindness to 
thy friend (Job);" 

Nif. 5>3a3 1) to restrain one's self; to shrink. Eduy. 
IV, 8 ; Yeb'. I, 4 '31 Kttrt(a) 15333 xls they did not refrain 
from intermarriage.. Ib.'3l miriB ymt (mMb) 5.8b ..they 
did not shrink from relying on one another in the ob- 
servances of levitical pureness; Tosef. ib. I, 10. Ib. 12 la 
^31 113)333 (bax) ysjai m Z& pSDJi they did not shrink 
(ftom interchange) where the case was doubtful &c; 
Yeb. 14 b . Gitt. 36 a '31 nilbilba -WSffll they hesitated to lend 
money to one another ; a. fr. — 2) to be withheld. Num, 

B. s. 15 '31 nnattMl ns3a3.(some ed. nS3_a.3).joy was with- 
held from the wicked and given to &o. 

Eif. s^san to keep apart. Y. Taan. I, 64 b top ISWoa ns«5 
ITa "ft for thou keepest them (the rain-drops) from com- 
mingling (v. WSH) ; T. Ber. IX, 14 a top "(Sa^aa (corr. ace). 

"jQ ch. same, to diminish; to withhold. Targ. Gen. 
XXII, 16. lb. XXX, 2. Targ. 0. Deut. XIII, 1 (h. text 
SIS); a. fr. 

Ithpe. SSariK, SiB" 1 !* l) to be diminished; to cease, omit. 
Targ. Ex. V,' il (O.'ed. Vien. SSaWi; h. text SIS). lb. IX, 
29 (h. text bin). Targ. Deut. XXIII, 23 (O. ed.Vien . S?arin). 
Targ. Jud. XV, 7 ;— 2) to restrain one's self; to refuse, 
shrink. Targ. Ex. XXIII, 2 ; a. e — Gitt. 52 b "WSSpsi V)K 
he might shrink (from becoming a guardian). Y. Sabb. 
VII, 9 b bot. TMana «b, v. ■»"»; a. e. 

b^JD m. (b.h.; bs3) foefc. B.Bath. 65 b ; Tosef. ib. 
Ill, 1 'art n!X1 133n riK the bolt (fastened to the wall) and 
the lock (fastened to the door), opp. to nnSa the portable 
key. M. Kat. I, 10. Zab. IV, 3 ; a. fr. — Trnsf. the lock of 
the buttock, anus. Koh. B. to III, 19; Gen. B. s. 17 (some 
ed. bs?a); Yalk. Koh. 969 bS3a; v. Ti^S!*. 

biSOQ, bV212 m. (b. h,; *>S3 r , v. bsi) foot-covering, 
shoe, blSb sole. Kel. XXVI, 4. Esth. B. to IV, 
15, v. Tjrib. Yeb. XII, 1. Tosef. ib. XII, 10 '31 dl&SID 'aa 
with a torn shoe which still covers the larger portion 
of the foot; a. fr. — PI. trtSSa, ^bsSa. Sabb. 129 a . Pes. 
1 13 b , v. SSa. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 a ; a'. fr.— Kil. IX, 7 y\V<SSn nibS3a. 
cloth socks, v. XOWT. 

bMn, ▼.*»». 

nSDQ f. (tps) 1) fan. Kel. XVI, 7 (Ar. XB3a). . Yeb. 
63 a i&Emnn 'aa Ar., v. &w ch.— V. NBi?a. — *2) (v. noa) 
flag.— PI. niS3a. Mekh. B'shall., s. 2 mSSa (corr. ace); 
v., however, 'ji3S*<D. 

niSDD, Pesik. E. s. 17, read: IJiMa. 

51S0D m. ([aovoikoXiov) a trading mart enjoying a 
monopoly. Dem. V, 4 'an "ja nplba when he buys (loaves 
of bread) in a monopolized market (where the numbers 
of bakers and of retailers are limited). Y. ib. 24 d top ini^X 
'31 'a what sort of a mart? Where there are nine sellers 
supplied by eight bakers, so that eight may have bought 
from one baker severally, but one baker must necessarily 
east two sellers. 

D"©3D pr. n. pi. (Msvtp, Mejx(pi<;) Memphis, in Egypt. 
Pesik. B. s. 17 m&3a t]13 ; Pesik. Vayhi, p. 63 b &i&la (corr. 
ace.) the Biblical Nof is Memphis ; v. O^Sa. 

©SOS, Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. Ill, 1 ed. Zuck., v. O^BSa. 

U &12T2 m. pi. Mantsfakh, a vox memorialis for the 
five letters (a, 3, X, B, a. "|) which have separate forms 
at the end of words. Y. Meg. I, 71 d '31 nsbn 'a the double 
forms for the five letters are a Mosaic tradition. Ib. ma 
D">2isn ^b liipnni!) na . . . 'a what does the vox M. in- 

timate? What the inspired seers (prophets) have institut- 
ed for thee ; Gen. B. s. 1. Ib.; Sabb. 104 a ; Meg. 2 b t3iS12 'a 
dllaX M. intimates that the seers indited them; Num. 
B. s. 18; Tanh. Korah 12. 

ISrmpOO, v. Nnni)Ma. 

"HplD, Ab. d'B. N. ch. XVIII, end, v. Bgba. 

StfD£013 f. (Dps) holder, ilKS 'a a band on which 
various trinkets are suspended. Sabb.59 b (defining Kbop), 

v. kixs. 

nTjPiD f. pi. (b. h.; p3J; v. np3ia) tubes. Men. 97 a 
(ref. to Ex. XXV, 29) di3p ibx 1"Wp3a by m'nakUyoth 
are meant the tubes placed between the show-loaves to 
let the air pass; Bashi: 'which keep the bread clean from 
mould', fr. n£3); v. Tp&I Pi.— [LXX translates our w. 
with xoa&oi.] 

NrfiTj^DD, ^Tfn^TtZi.i-y^ll) cleanliness. Hull. 
105 b (Ar. "ipsa). Ab. T Zar.'30 a '(Ar. "ip3a; Ms. M. NrVppS.] 

nj^3D, v. p3_^, a. npsia. 

bSFTlDQ, '""OD nnisa, lamp. Targ. Ex. XXV, 
31; a. fr.— Y. Yonia III, 41 a top, expl. nttJias. Gen. B. s. 
63, end (translat. rVSan nS2, Is. XXI, 5) 'a lib arrange 
the lamp; Cant. B. to III, 4 '31 'a naipx thou (Belshaz- 
zar) hast put up the lamp, kindled the light; a. fr. — PL 
KrVUa.' Targ. Jer. MI, 19; a. e. 

nSjD (b. h.) pr. n. m. Manasseh, 1) son of Joseph; 
also the tribe of Manasseh. Gen. B. s. 84 diaafflb dIS 'a 
SYnpb M. was the cause that the sons of Jacob rent 
their garments (Gen. XLIV, 13; v. Gen. B. s. 91);— 
2) M., King of Judah. Snh. X, 2 ; Tosef. ib. XII, 11. Yeb. 
49 b '31 Jin 'a M. put Isaiah to death ; a. fr.— 3) M., grand- 
father of Jonathan (Jud. XVIII, 30). Tosef. Snh. XIV, 8 ; 
B. Bath. 109 b '31 'a p Vil was he the son of M.? Was 
he not the son of Moses? Ib. '31 'a niCSa fflUSia "pha be- 
cause he acted like king Manasseh &c. — 4) M., a scholar. 
Y. Meg. II, 7 3 a bot. 

^02, *r^ „. m . WnasHa. Y.M.Kat.III, 
83 c top; Y. Meg. Ill, 73 b SlS^a, Xffli3a (corr. ace). 

rOQ f. (b. h. ; SiJa) 1) portion, share. B. Bath. 12 a 'a 
'31 d"133 I sell thee a portion of my vineyard.— "ban tua 
the king's share (annona). Ned. 62 b ; B. Bath. 8 a , v. W3a. 
Ab.Zar.71 a "]ba'a i*>5> tan settle forme the annona(in kind 
or money). — 2) appointment; tuaa, !"0a bs (abbrev. a"S) 
on condition that, for the sake of. Tosef. Dem. "VI, 13 
13 'as. las rutin dki ed. Zuck. (Var. -p nnusb a"s nbnna . .) 

but if he originally had made that agreement (of divid- 
ing the profits) with him. Ib. VII, 3 iblU nilUWaniD »"3 
with the condition that the tithes be mine. Y. B. Mets. 
V, 10 b bot. '31 lb nibsb 'aa with the condition that he 
will give him (as his share) one new-born animal or one 
crop of wool. Ab. I, 3, v. las. Tosef. Snh. XI, 2 ^3X Sill 
nttJIS 138 p a"S1 I know (the nature of the offence and 

its penalty), and on that condition I am committing it; 
Mekh. Mishp. s. 20 p a"3> list SW (read: a"3>l). Kidd. 6 b 
*i"THr& a"S> nana a present made with the condition that 
it shall be returned (possession for the time being) ; a. v. 
fr.— Ab. Zar. 37 a , a. fr. lal VlMSa . . . B"S laixn b>3 if a 
man says 'on condition', it is to be considered as if he 
had said 'from now', i. e. the stipulated. transaction takes 
retrospective effect when the condition is fulfilled. — B. 
Bath. X, 8 (175 b ) imbri iron to Ar. (ed. WilaX, v. SlMBSt) 
he extended the loan to him (the friend) on the condi- 
tion which he (the guarantor) offered. 

TOD, #TOD ch. same. Targ. II Sam. TI, 19 (ed. Wil. 
Ktija).— B. Bath. 187 a (in a contract) "pSatDl falKl naa 
''IIS 'the share of Reuben and Simeon the brothers. B. 
Kam. 113. b fcttbal 'a="^ail roa, v. preced. B. Mets. 109 b 
iVn 'a thy share. Yeb. 37 b ; a. e.— 'a is, v. preced. Targ. 
T. II Gen. XLIV, 18 '31 laSTo a"3> even if it must be done 
against the will &C.—PI. Still aa. Targ. II Esth. II, 9. 

O/Q I m. (DDa) 1) (cmp. DaDa II) juice. Num. B. s. 14 
(play on tiiiaBM, Koh. XII, ll')riYia DaD (bitter) as the 
juice of bitter things, v. DaDa II.— 2) melting, fainting. 
Lam. B. to 1, 1 ~trxQ, v. Dak' 

DO II m. (b. h.; = 
Lam. B. to I, 1 TillC, 
Y. Dem. II, 
were made tributary 
conquered (belonging ■ 
hot. -p&iO i^sa (corr. 
end '31 .'as nbsab sbi 


; Siea=Ktt») impost, tribute, tax. 
Dab a. a&gl.—Pl. CPDa, yum. 
'a ibsa the places which 
(under Joshua) are considered as 
to the Holy Land) ; Y.'Shebi. VI, 36 c 
ace.) ; Gen. B. s. 98. Lev. B. s. 33, 
it iSDab sb (this nmasi, Deut. IV, 
o worship' but 'to serve' by paying 
imposts, annonae &c. lb.; Cant. B. to II, 14 ns . . . 'ab DK 
'31 ljibs "]ba (some ed. diD&b) if it be. a question of 
taxes .... thou art king over us ... . (we recognize thy 
sovereignty) . . ., but &c. 

2SDD, tXO^D eh. same. Targ. Prov. XII, 24,v.Kr*Wa. 
—Pl. T fiov, ]W Targ. Josh. XVII, 13; a. fr. 

!tf ©D I m. ch. = Da I, melting; saiVi 'a /««< hearted- 
ness. Lam. B. to I, 1 ipilffl, v. Dab. 

Jtf ©!Q II m. (KD3, v. n&S) pe4 shovel for taking bread 
out of the oven. Taan. 25 a '31 'a WHS bring the shovel, 
for thy bread is getting charred. Bekh. 27 a ©iia lib rtbpB 
'a she takes the priest's gift of the dough on the point 
of the shovel (to avoid direct contact). 

HDD to melt, v. i&a a. D&a. 

Dltf©Q, &G5S&Z3 m. (at*D) repulsive; unclean. Targ. 
0. Lev. V,'2 (y/ai'xoa). lb. XIII, 45 ; a. fr.— Eduy. VIII, 4 
Ms.M.(ed.asttlDa); Ab. Zar.37 a ; a. e.— PI. Tas&a, "pasoa. 
Targ. Lev. XI, 26 ; a. Ir.—Fem. Kasba, KPOXDa. Targ. Ez. 
IV, 14. Targ. Lev. V, 2 ; a. fr. — Y. Kil. IX, si* hot. -SWISS 
'a an unclean land (outside of Palestine) ; Y. Keth. XII, 

35 b nnasDa. 


fcttTWDD, v. KMiOa. 


&0&t&X? m. C]Kb to tread; v. SpD) s/ioe. Targ, Ps. LX, 
10 (ea. Wil.' i3Da pi); a. e. — Gitt. 56 a 'a t*B">bl» hill she 
happened to be barefooted. Ib. b 'a 111 DH& rtlfl (not 
iJXDa) he had put on one shoe. Kidd. 49 a , v. JW13. Gen. 
B. s. 41,. beg.; 's. 52, end, v. y>Diabiia; a. e. — Pl. ij&toa. 
Lam. B. to I, 5 iJKDa ynn both my shoes. Taan. sft a 'a 
laaist black shoes (worn by gentiles).— Contr. "(DO, SWCa, 

&UNDD, Y. Dem. II, 21 d bot, v. KtlJDa. 

Itf&^SQ m. (KDS to move; Hif. to drive; v. M. to 
Levy Talm. Diet. Ill, p. 313 a ) ox-goad. Pesik. Bahod., p. 
153"; Lev. B. s. 29; Yalk. Lev. 645 JlDKDXa (corr. ace); 
Yalk. Num. 782. [Ar. s. v. npD : Xb&a.] 

~I^&/Q:fo saw, v. IDa II. 

SSn^DP, v. KiDa. 

SSr^D/G f. (X03; v. P. Sm. 2179; 2391) balance, pair 
of scales. T Targ. Prov. XVI, 11 ed. Lag. (ed. "Wil. KriDa). 
Ih. XI, 1 ed. Lag. (Var. sOSOa, corr. ace; ed.Wil.Wloa). 
lb. XX, 23 (ed. Lag. a. oth. KtllllBa); v. KMlDa. 

3©D l -3§D,v.asm 

3&Q, '12 m. (b. h. ; aaD) dining couch. Sabb. 63 a top 
'31 aril 'aa on a wide couch or on a narrow couch (an 
obscene disguise for a fat or a lean woman, v; iVi^S).— 
Cant. B. to I, 12 S^pia iaDaa 'on his couch' (lb.), in 

' flSC/D, TtZP'QDf. (preced.) 1) banqueting party. Sabb. 
149 b hot.— 2) banquet, dinner. Ber. 52 b dTiia naDa.dtiD 
1"5>b (Ms. M. tflS naDll) the banqueting of gentiies is 
presumed to be dedicated to idolatry. B. Bath. 120 a 'aa 
njpl lllS "ibil in sitting down for a festive meal age 
takes the precedence.— 3) (b. h.) winding staircase. Tarn. 
I, 1 '31 roblSlil 'a the staircase leading (to a well) under 
the Temple. Midd. IV, 5; a. fr. 

^PHlDQ, ^OQ ch. same, winding staircase. Targ. 
Ez. XLI, 7 (h. texVsi303!).— PI. Mnaoa, ifca.- lb. Targ. 
I Kings VI, 8 (h. text Qiblb). ■ 

*:Til&D m.(^aD) a netted,meshyplant,yexh. pine-cone. 
Par. lii,3 '31 'ai bpa -^Sffp (Var. 'a IS) they tied (to the 
top of the rope) a stick with a cone (to which the ashes 
would adhere). 

"'bntO, v. DtbaiDa. 

'hbDSDD, ^bDlDH, a corrupt, for SbiSpa m. pi. 
(|Ae*ntiXa) medlars. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a bot; [read:] '{nil 
ppbal 'a . . . riDlDl he who spreads (for drying) dates, 
grapes or medlars and gathers them (on' theSabbath). 



"^Pp m. (i5b I) multitude. Targ: Y. Deut, X,"22; Targ. 
0. Gen. XXX, 30 ; a. e.-[Targ. Is. V, 24, v. ^ba^-V. i.Sblll. 


1I&D- m. (i.5b I) greatness. Targ. Is. V, 24 (ed; Lag. 

i5ba). ' '....'. 

"liibQ m. (b. h.; 15b) 1) enclosure. Ex. B. s. 15 toil 
i".i3S2 'all he looked the enclosure up before it (the cattle). 
Y. 'B. Earn. Y, 4 d bot. ; ib. VI, 5 b bot. (in Chald. diction) 
'a nb mxi (not ni^) when it (the stack of grain) has an 
enclosure around it.— 2) locksmith; (allegorical ly) scholar. 
Snh. 38 a ; Gitt. 88 a ; v. 15b. 

sXHijOD,. ijQy ch. same, enclosure, prison. ' Targ. 

Ps. cxii'i, 8. 

N^H|p£l Pi'- n - P 1 - Misgaria, in Babylonia. Kidd. 72 a 
(Eashi': «il5i&a). 

iTl"l3p!Q f. (b. h.; 15b) rim. Men. 96 1 ' iniabathe rim 
of the table; Succ. 5 a ; Yalk. Ex. 369. 

HOa, v. iba. 

PlbD-f. (b.h,; hb5) trial; wonder.— PI. hiba. Pesik. 
E. s. 33. Deut. E. s. •jjv. nba. 

fcHflbp m. (inb) witness. Targ. Job XVI, 19. 

10T2 m. (nba ; cmp. bban) a liquid substance' used f 6? 
curdling. Gen. E. s. 4, end 'a iffl Mils naiB one drop of 
m'so. Ib. s. 14; Lev. E. s. 14; Yalk. Job 905. 

"I0Q, Sabb. 78 a , read with Ms. M. ^ba^bito, v. ibN. 

JtiHbH m. (Sib; v, naba) reclining; invited guest. 
Lam. E. to IV, 2 (in' Chald.' diction) 'a hst ni5' thou art 
not invited. — PI. ^Slba guests, dining party. Gen. E. s. 
71 '31 5"&5>!K liri S-I&6 Vtt5 'a 311 (not "pi&b) most of the 
guests (assembled at Boas' wedding, Euth IV, 11) were 
d escendants of Leah, and yet they made Eachel the chief 
person (placing her before Leah); Ruth E. to 1. c; Pesik. 
Eonni, p. 141 b (not plba); a. e. 

StfrfD'lDD f- 0*a»; v. xrMab) keeper of a wine shop. 
Ab. Zar. 70 b rii15i K1i'bpJ& hlbal 'a ann Ms. M. (ed. in- 
corr.) a shopkeeper who gave her key in charge of a 
gentile woman.— [Sabb. 105 b Alf. Ms] 'ba, v. NniS12». 

N.jH'IOQ m. frab) load.— PI. i>Mba. B.Bath. : 86 a 
laiinVOaa Ar. (Ms. H.' i^ba, Ms.-M. i$axbaj v; Eabb. D. 
S. a* I. note; ed. I^SSPia q. v.) in the case of loads of gar- 
lic (which are not packed in bags or baskets). 

ammoa, v. ^tea. 

lrJnOT2 m. pi. (51b ; cmp. 5ib) low border-marks (v. 
bsiba)'. Y. B. Bath. II, i8 b bot. 'ii 'a inasi -ji^MK if part- 
nersOf a property divide off between one anotherby 
means of border-marks (which can easily be stepped over), ! 
they may i object (to opening a school ; v. Tosef.- ib. I, 4), 

niipD m. (b.h.; nib, Ges. Thes. p. 941) cover, sheath '> 
USaiffl'-'a the (iron) sheath of the ploughshare. Tosef 
Eel. B. Bath. I, 7 (E. S. to Kel. XXI, 2 ISWaSIB 'an). Erub. 
22 a Ms. 0., v. xiisa. 

j*"p2 m., "jTlDD f. pi. (preced.) veils,masks. Lam. 
B. to TV, 3, v. &aii\ 

*}Wl012,v. e)ab. 
^ISD load, v. siiaa. 

"JIGD, "Y^OU, Lev. E. s. 22, beg. 'ai, v. t£»?. 

l^lbKi ni. 0)=bII) critically ill. Gitt. VI, 5 'ah £)!* the' 
same applies to one taken sick ; Y.ib. 48 a , sq.'SI ^Bpffl'fe 'a 
m'sukkan is he who was suddenly overcome, contrad. to 
nVili. Ber. 62 b &tlh 'a 13b Kim and he thought his health 
was endangered (by a delay); Tam. 27 b Nin 'a «abi"I; 
a. fr. — Fem. nJSM&D. Hull. II, 8 'an ttK Bniinn he who 
slaughters a beast which threatens to die. — [Midr. Prov. 

ch. xxii inns piba, v, pbi]. 

jjb^bp/n^Dq, v.t 1 b3b/ 

^DiOD, ^)7it)'Dm.(^p) stopper. Sabb. Ill* 
bot. fKeth. 6 a '; Bekh. 25 a smifll 'a (Ar. s. v. 12b, a. Ms. M. 
a. P. Sabb. 1. c. : 'alba) the stopper of the brewing boiler 
(made of soft material, as rags &c). 

tftylbfi^blba, d^blDD, D^lbD/read: 

b^^OD m. (denom. of bijVl6) a shoe'bonsisting of" 
a mere sole. Yeb. 103 b 'ai'ah Visbb BIS) to exclude the 
sandal Which consists merely of a sole and has lio heel; 
Yalk. Deut. 938 'nVlba, 'n^bla; Kidd.l4 a sq. trt>1bH^ BIS ' 
(Ar.'bi^lbi). . 

O^HlbD, v. bi»iba. 


SS&iDD m. (bb»; v. bban) stomach (of man). Koh. 
B. to XII, 4 (ref. to 'nana, ib.) 'pOB 'a rrtsl i"S because 
the stomach grinds no more; (Sabb. 152 a "ppllp; Lev. E. 
s. 18 bban). 

fcO^ltOQibQ m. pi. ((AsaouToXov, -a) intercolumnia- 
tion, space between two columns. Y. Ned. Ill, 37 d bot. fcttK 
'a ijain bs nillX . . . man (not iJaiS) I saw the tanned 
slough of a serpent stretched over eight intercolumnia- 
tions ; Y. Shebu. Ill, 34 d 'Voblba RiSaln S5> H3.19, v.' 81W it 

^bDlba, v .n^baba. 

rflSyibD, Tosef. i 

3b. VIII (IX), 22 ed. Zuck., v 

^iDD, i<nTpiba,y.nextw. 

Sn" l j5i©Q f. (pb3) ascent, step. Targ. Y. I Num. 
XXXIV,*4 (some ed. xnTplba; Y.II Stllipba). Targ. Is. 
XV, 5. — PI. V^piba. Targ. Y. Ex. XX," T 23; a. ft. —Targ)' 



Ps, OXX, l xainHi ympntra- *>» (ed. Wil. Vptoa) on the 
rise of the depths (v. Suco. 53 a ); ib. CXXI, 1 yipi&a ed. 
Lag.; ib. CXXIII, 1 ywp'&a (h. text rvtoan).— [Koh. K. to 
XII, 5 "pipl&a 'jan n"i« (not "pillba) are there any steps 
to go up ?, a Var. leot. inserted in the text ; v. Xpba.] 

JtfriplOQ f. (preced.) going up. Targ. Y. I Deut. 
XXXII, ! 49. 

"I1DQ m. (Iba) informer, traitor (delivering Jews into 
the hands of the Roman government). B. Kam. 119 a froa 
'a the property of an informer. Ker. 2 b ; B. Kam. 5 a Ms. 
M. (ed. 1&1», corr. ace); a. fr.— PI. Hilton. Y. Sot. IX, 
end, 24 c , a. e. 'ail i3Ba (studying Greek was forbidden) 
on account of the informers (whose familiarity with Greek 
tempted them to treason, v. Bab. ib. 49 b ). B. Hash. 17 a 
'am -(Vein (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 50) the heretics and 
the informers.— Fern. J-ptoa. Midr. Till, to Ps.XII xnn 
~(? 'a "pais (ed. Bub. nxli&a HTalK, corr. ace.) may 
thy own people turn informer against thee; Talk. Ps. G56 
(not -jnaiX). 

■pTIDQ, Koh. B. to XII, 5, read: fipiaa, v. xniptoa. 

rn1<3D f - OW?) (« chain °f) tradition. Sot. 10 b m *W 
'31 13iH13Sa 131113 'a we hold a tradition from our fathers 
that &c. Hull. 63 b 'an 1«!M "MlB C|1S as for eating clean 
birds we rely on tradition (there being no rules for dis- 
tinguishing them in theBiblical law).— Esp. the traditional 
Scriptural text without vowels, contrad. to Slpa the 
traditional vocalization, v. DS. T. Meg. IV, 74 d bot. (ref. 
to Neh. VIII, 8) 'they explained the reading', 'an Hi this 
means the traditional text ; Bab. ib. 3 a WnibaHlVs (some 
eds. HllDa; v. Eabb.D. S. a. 1.); Ned. 37 b rVniban. Ab. 
Ill, 13 hnirt i?"0 'a the tradition is the fence for (pre- 
serving 'the integrity of) the Torah. Zeb. 37 b , sq. 13ns 
'a 13HK1 Vrpa the traditional vocalization is a help (in 
interpretation), and so is the traditional literal text (e. 
g. H3b3, Lev. XXIII, 42, which may be interpreted as 
singular number, and which is read as a plural); a. fr. — 
PI. Hi-itoa. Tanh. VaSthh. 6 '31 iiasn 'a 1^B3 the tradi- 
tions of wisdom were taken from Moses and given to 
Joshua. — Meg. 3 a ; Ned. 37 b , v. supra. — [HTl'&a Masso- 
rah, the collection of textual readings systematically ar- 

&©"li©0 ch. same. Targ. Job XV, 18. Targ.Is.XXX, 
11 KWlOa (Bxt. K31B0a, corr. ace). 

fflDD, Tosef. Pes. II (III), 3 'on ed. Zuck. ( Var. H*an, 
nt>an), read: HD/hn or pi. nibi"in (v. Pes. 40 b ). 

^DIDQ f. (=KHinba q. v.) bath. Snh. 62 b ; Erub. 27 b , 
v. ta\ B. Mets. 6 a , T sq. '=i nto 123a ... 'a xinn (not trbs) 

there was a bath-house which two contested, one saying, 
it is mine &c. Lev. B. s. 28, end [read :] HTiilDa 13a "IDS 
he put on his bathing apparel, v. 8rW]l. 
5^ri&D m. (003) balance, v. snsoa. 

Sri'in&ZD f. (inp) bath ; bath-house. Kidd. 33 a mn 
'a law was sitting in the bath-house; v. fctniba. 

U npD ra.('Qtm)squeezingappliance,wringer.'Sosef. 
Kel. B. Mets. VI, 7 nW bV 'a a wringer on hinges. 

XTrtOn, v. s^noa. 

XSHDQ, Targ. I Sam. XVII, 6 (Kimhi in ed. Ven. I 
SBXHo), read: SBpna (v. t)bh) scaly. [The entire clause 
Xbblp . . . NBnSI 'ai is a misplaced and corrupted gloss 
to verse 5, ref. to dltZJplDp )^"\W\ of the text, v. paVs a. 

S^Hn& pirjb; cmp. NrvnnbK) feaslers, those 
who feast mourners. Targ. II Bsth. I, 2 (3) 'a i"Op ed. 
Lag. (ed. Xnnoa, sunsba, corr. ace; ed. Erf. S^tina). 

SDnbQ, ^Pin&a f. (HoJ) l) =snba balance, pair 
of scales. Targ. Ps.' Lxil, 10.— PI. xnsttiba. Targ. Job 
VI, 2 ed. Lag. (ed. Wil. snnba). Ib.XXXI.'e xnnxbaMs. 
(corr. ace; ed. KBhttJa). T Targ. Y. Deut. XXV, 15 (not 
'xnta). — 2) weighing counter, esp. butcher's stall. Hull. 
132 b 'a sap he put up a permanent stall for selling meat. 
Shebu. 42 a '31 'as rawit you sat by the stall and took 
your (advanced) money as the meat was being sold. B. 
Kam. 23 b '31 "OH yf\ (sell your animal to the butcher, 
and) sit by the stall and get your money (v. Babb. D. S. 

iGlEtO m. (Ithpe. noun of 330) = 31B01S, porch, 
esp. dealer's stall with a bench attached to the house. Y. 
B. Bath. II, beg. 13 b 'a in Ha T*1B1 . . "pSI sold his dwell- 
ing and reserved for himself one porch. 

^D^Dltap/G, fir) .... f. same. Cant. B. to VI, 12 ^X 
'31 'a xinnb 'tenoa sin (not sinnb) if he looks up to 
that stall where he used to sit tailoring 8zc.-Pl. xnii31Bba. 

Y. Bets. I, 60 c bot. '31 Knn"i3 'a to &6 sit not. on the 

outer benches of the hall of Bar Ula, for they are cold. 

nTTQ&Q f. h. same (cmp. KIlBbiK, TOOT*). Y. Kil. 
IX, 32 a 'a i"S 1in3 placed on a stationary stone bench, 
opp.naia, couch. Y. Erub. VII, 24 b bot. '31 i3& to 'a Haw 
(not niffiW) if he attached a porch along the whole front 
of the wall.— PI. HiilBOa. Y. Pes. V, 32 c bot. ■'pfi)lS VH 'a 
yiH? they made for them projecting boards (along the 
wall, that they should not step on the blood; Bab. ib. 

65 b iaus'«K itoai, v. satsoijii). 

NJTiaba, Targ. Is. XXX, 11 Bxt. Lex. p. 1462, a cor- 

"li'DQQ m. (IBS) a blow, slap. Tanh. Haye 3 'a llafj 
he slapped'him in the face; a. e.; v..lBDa.— P/.^iBOa. 
Yalk. Koh. 968 (play on S]«, Koh. II, 9) tf»3 inia^lB ftinft 

ib nias «in 'a3 Tnaiaj . . ^ nanpro the lesson which 

I learned with 'heat' remained to me; ... the very lesson 
which I learned with (my teachers') slaps stood by me; 

Koh. B. to 1. c. nanpns t\tsa ■p-nBDB mspis ini'aVus nim bs 

ii (corr. ace; v. Matt. K. a. 1.).. 

I'H/I'Q&D secret, v. ^laba. 


"pQu m. (^ab) one who diverts judgment from Us 
straight path(=h.'^ Sitsa), prevaricator. Targ.Is.LVIII,6 
'a "pi (h. text haia).— Gen. B. s. 50 (fictitious name of a 
Sodomite judge) "pl^aSa 31 (=^1 iBba, some ed. "pliBba, 
corr. aco.) Chief Prevaricator (Snh. 109 b Wl i!?3a)-; Talk, 
ib. 84 (corr. ace). 

V'TODD, v. preced. 

" 1 P" I I3PD f. (jj-aaTi^K)) jutii mastic. Gen.B. s.91 end; 
Talk.Ge'n.149 (expl. B"i,Gen. XLIII, 11; ed. X3iaSa, rtaasia, 
'3B2la corr. ace). Tosef. Sabb. XII (XIII), 8, v. b?b. 

wrvma, v. next w. 

■propq,. 'iabn, tsTa m . S m g . a . P i. (^tv,- 

piov, -a) secret. Midr.Till.'toPs.IX, 6 "MS rtl "p11BbTo 
'31 ed. Bub. (ed. ■pirfta, corr. ace.) this secret I reveal 
to thee. Gen. B. s. 60 ; s. 68 '31 'a -fane i"S> because they 
revealed the mysteries of the Lord (Gen. XIX, 13); Talk, 
ib. 84 "plin&a. Gen. B. s. 71 'a "b»a secret-keeping, dis- 
creet men. Ib.s. 98; Tanh.Vayhi 8; Pesik.B.s.21 dnitaCm 
(corr. ace). T. Gitt. n, 44 b top 'a aro a secret letter ; (T. 
Sabb. XII, end, 13 d ^piatM rfsia);— Targ.T.IGen. 
XXVIII, 12 "p-paba (some ed. "Wo, corr. ace). Targ.T. 
Num. XVI, 26 "pIBba (some ed. "pIBba, corr. aco.).— [Gen. 
B. s. 50 ; Talk. ib. W, v. Tsba.] 

"TD&D m. (IBS) slap in the face. Ex. B. s. 1 5 'a 11Bb, 
'a pBD,' v. liBDa. Num. E. s. 20, end '31 "fns lata •)«) 
he slapped one of the boys; (Tanh. ed. Bub. Balak 30, 
note 175 laba).— V. liaba. 

■prcabo Ctapq, tabn), v . ryw??. 

"]"lp"HI2bQ m. ((iu<jTr)pix6v) o/" « secret nature. T. 
Sabb. XII, end, 13 d , v. "p-TOBa. 

"OTQbQ, v. "isiiBbisa. 

"DM, HbD (b. h.) to melt, flow; to cause running 
off, effect' curdling. Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXVIII, 25 S&B 
nba 1 ? that the manna might not melt. — Denom. iba. 

Eif. iibari to cause to flow. Ib. to Ps. VI, 7 nsia *>TtKi 
'31 inaa Slbaai ed. Bub. (ed. nnaal) he began to weep and 
make his bed flow with (his) tears ; Talk. Ps. 636. 

Pi. ti&a same, to dissolve, weaken. Deut. R. s. 7 (play 
on rri&a, T Deut. XXIX, 2) '31 fctm nibaa niaan the 
plagues weakened the bodies of the Egyptians; Talk, 
ib. 940. 

Nif. fibai to be melted, to fall away. Tosef. Sot. Ill, 4 
PiiBa? M31i her thigh will fall away. 

"b/2, !SbQ ch.same,fo/?(m>,mefta«a#.Targ.nSam. 
XVli", io ^ba^boa (ed.Wil. •VXPAf.), v. bba.— Part, iba, 
f. SOba* Targ. O. Num. V, 21 (ed. Vienna KJ&a = WJ&oa, 

Pa. i&a to cause melting, falling away. € 'Taxg. Vs. 
XXXIX, 12 hiba. Targ.T. Num. V, 22 KJOaWsj&aab.— 
Part. pass. Nbaa, i&aa, f. Ki©a(a), v. supra.' Pes. 28* Bashi 
H&aa s& is not dissolved in water, v. WXa. 

Af. i&BX same. Targ. O. Num. 1. c. ; a. e.— Targ. II Sam. 
1. e, v. supra. 

Ithpe. ■'bans to be melted, fall away. Targ. Num. V, 
27. Targ. O.Lev. XXVI, 39 (v. bai); a. fr.— Targ.T. Gen, 
VII, 21 ^paiinx (not 'hhX ; h. text 31511). 

Ittaf. VS&vm same. Targ. Ps. LXXVIII, 6 Ms., v.O"wa. 
Ib. LXVIII,' 3 Ms. (ed. Ithpe.) ■ a. fr. (in Ms.). 

^pa,^.^ T ©n,v.^. 

fcO&Q, Targ. Is. Ill, 20 ed. Lag., v. K^a. 

^ba = ^aa,v.^a. 

H^bD, Targ.T. Gen. IV, 8 'pBN 'a some ed., read: as^a. 

iTZVn, tiSpFQQ, v. sub -aba. 

H^uD f. (fiba) melting, losing courage. Talk. Ex. 
251 ; (Mekh. B'shall., Shir. s. 9 Slbiai). 

KS^b/Q, v. a^aba. 

ypQ, v. fiba. 

TO^b/D f. (t]3&, Eif. l^ai MS "pii) easing one's 
bowels? T." Tf'oma m'40 b bot. Wab (corr. ace), v. SiSii. 

nTba, rfebn f. <>. h. ; && n) ^a, ««d. Talk. 

Deut. T 907, V. )nq.—h. rvftiba, '|)ba. Ber. 59 b ; Lev.B. s. 
23 taffliibaa n^ass the planets on re-entering their peri- 
odical orbits. 

D" i a' 1 bD,(Oab* i a/b ! lD) m. (a popular corruption 
of semissis) semissis, a Eoman value, equal to half an as 
or six ounces. Tosef. B. Bath. V, 12 ■pVraaip "TO ^a a 
semissis is equal to two quadrantes ; Kidd. 12 a iJtt) baba 

■ppillBlp ; T. ib. I, 58 d iba DBJVUp IJUJ.— PI. "p&Woa, 
■pbabia, "pdiao*ia. Tosef. 1. c. tm iS10 1&i« an as has 
two semisses ; Kidd. 1. c. "vab1a ; T. 1. e ipcaiba.. 

012^012, a species of wood, v. ba&a.III. 

m?bn, v. k»d. 

S? n b!Q, T. Taan. IV, beg., 67 b , v. S^Bl. 

b&^bD m. (=S)&BiSa; t|1b; cmp. bBibB, bB&S with 
which our w. interchanges) border-mark, partition con- 
sisting of wooden or stone pegs, contrad. to hSTia orchis 
partition wall. Erub. 72 a (Ms. O. twice bB^bB, v.Babb.D. 
S. a. 1. note 10), opp. to iliUJS HS^na a partition ten hand- 
breadths high. B. Bath. 2 b Sa^sa 'aa (Ms. M. 'pbibSa, v. 
Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) where there are only pegs as border 
marks, opp. bm$. Ib. hot. 'aa (Ms. M. 'bB, emended 'ba). 
Ab. Zar. 70 b ; T. ib. V, 44 d bot. 'aa Upl^nfl ISO a court 
which is divided off by mere marks (cmp. 'pM&a), Tosef. 
Sabb. VIII (IX), 22 [read:] 'a ■BTH1»V> ^13) Var. ed. Zuck. 
(ed. niBlba) large enough to be used for a marking peg. — 
PI. "p&Bi&a. Talk. Ex. 422 [read :] il^Sa^sa rvPllBS "Ptl 'a "pas 
a sort of marks were on top (to distinguish between the 
Holy and the Holy of Holies; ib. 370 '31 mil 'JibBbB pSS). 



p^&H m. (pba) olive harvest. Y. B. Bath. Ill, 14 a top, 
v. Traa'l. Hall, m, 9 'a Wl olives collected at the regular 
harvest, opp. SppiJ Vft gleanings (v. &|1pi3II); Y.Maasr. 
V, 51 d top (not piOia). T. Yeb. ST, 14 d 'a b3331 l^sa SSi 
when the grape-cutting is over, the olive-harvest begins; 
a. e. — V. np x i&a. 

"p"©Q, part. Af. of pai. 


1. (pb3) reaching definite conclusions, decid- 
er, najpa. — V. po?. 

p^SQlI m. (pb3; sub. ftiea &c.) owe wfto fevies con- 
tributions, in gen. ffl Roman collector, oppressor (interch. 
with pT£a). Tosef. Ohol. XVI, 13 (ed. Zuck. p^Sa); Y.Pes. 
I, 27 c ; (Bab. ib. 9 a , a. Ab. Zar. 42 a 'Sa).— B. IT" 1 *? - B - 
Kam. X, 5 'a lhlbisil and government officers confiscated 
it. Ib. 116 b '31 '2a. .'Da laKI "(Sa he who reads massiAw 
is not at fault, nor is he who reads m'tsikin (ref. for the 
latter to pISa, Deut. XXVIII, 57, for the former to Chald. 
ilNpS for bxb.S, ib. 42). Y. Sabb. XVI, end, 15 d hTOJSb "]B1D 
"as thou shalt be forced by the officers.— Y. Dem. VI, 25 b 
13115 'art la it means that he rented the field from the of- 
ficers (who had confiscated it). 

^"'SQch. same.-PZ.^pTsa. Targ. Y.Deut.XXVIII, 
42 (hJtext *>sis, v. B. Kam'. 116 b quot. in preced.). 

Tl^OU f. =piba. Sabb. n\—Pl. rvipi&a. B. Bath. 
36 w a lBitt) three olive-crops. 

■J"HpiSQ, v> S n^pi S a. 

jTHPDQ f. (iba) 1) harnessing, taking possession of 
a working animal by an act resembling harnessing. Kidd. 
I, 4, v. illbia. Tosef. ib. I, 8 Sll^ial . . lb Ida 'a fcW WW 
(ed. Zuck. nTOIal, Var. hlbiaa) what is m' sir ah? He (the 
seller) hands him (the buyer) a bit and he harnesses it 
(the animal); Kidd. 22 b '31 STIffi* 'aa 1X13 what is bim- 
sirah (Kidd. 1,4)? He seizes its hoof, hair &c, a. fr.— 

2) handing, delivery. Gitt. 9 b , a. fr. 'a "US, v. !113 ; a. fr.— 

3) levy. Cant. E. to IV, 4 (ref. to Num. XXXI, 5) . . Q*>W 
'an . . twelve thousand men were raised by levy, opp. 
fiaisa as volunteers. 

^"PlpD m. pi. (lib) rebels, v. ^iba. 

rpoa, rroa, v. rm 

n^&Q m. (nn&) stone-cutter. Pesik, S'lih., p. 166 a ; 
Yalk. Num. 744, v. TUttia. 

?JDD I (b. h.; denom. of ^ba) fo fewjper, wwa; wine 
(cmp. Jto). Ab. Zar. 58 b , v. Sta.' Num. B. s. 10 !"!30a y* 
'31 Eve mixed wine for Adam. "lb. '31 f» D"ODia w' they 
mixed strong with light wine; a. e. 

JJQQ II (b. h. ; denom. of ns&a I) to cast (metal). Y. 
Ber. I, 2 d top; Gen. E. s. 12, end ^bia Ar. (ed. Y. Ber. 
^bl3; Gen. B. p2ia), v. bbtt.— [Yalk. Ex. 165 nsoaa, read 
tis&a, v. T^O.] 

ri&i2 m. (b. h.; ?]3b H to be clear; cmp. Ma) clarified, 
mixed drink. Ex.B.s.42, end(playon !i3ba,Ex.XXXlI,8) 
'n iiasa sinaj ^"6a y^a yiiosp 3"p the gold in the calf 

weighed 120 centenaria, corresponding to the numerical 
value of mesekh (drink) which removes He (the Lord, 
i. e. leads to godlessness). 

SjCJQm. (b. h.;T]3b I) web, screen, curtain. Num.E.s.6 
'31 1SUJ T ?]ba the curtain for the gate of the court. Yalk. 

!>0&D, Sabb. 96 b , v. 8Sqi III. 

rDSH I f. (b. h.; ?|&3) moltenimage. Snh.l03 b (play 
on Is. T XXVIII, 20 '31 hsbahl) 'a lb niBSPi cnh to 133 b3l3 
his should a molten image be made a rival to him 'who 
gathers the waters of the sea together like heaps' ? ; Num. 
B. s. 7 ; Yoma 9 b . Sifra K'dosh., beg. (idols are called) 'a 
D^aWS DUB 1U"S massekhah, because they are cast. 

TODD II f. (b. h.; T£b I) web, garment. Ex. B. s. 42, 
end (ref! to Ex. XXXII, 8)' '31 TilDa mini •jBaph ,1S1 'a 
a bad web have you woven for future generations (follows 
the Chaldaic translation).— V. fOSa. 

HOOD III (homiletic play, =ria "tea, v. ">bx) thus 
healing. Ex. B. s. 42, end [read:] 1p \ . . Kin Wib )Wb 
'31 "iMIS KBla "OK (v. ^bllb) it is a contraction; the Lord 
says, 'Shall I thus cure them?', as we read (Ex. XXXII, 
8 — 9) : 'They have made themselves a molten calf . . . 'and 
the Lord said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and 
behold, it is a stiffnecked people' (i. e. it is incurable). 


"]!D&£] m. (next w.) poverty. Cant. B. to I, 4 (inter- 
preting Vsba, v. ISball; strike out ins 131) "^baa 
S12113 "pins out of my poverty, we shall run after thee. 

12QQ I m. (b.h.; )50I)poorman; (adj.) scanty, scarce; 
trnsf! mean. Midr.Prov* ch. XXII liTia y&ton KWO 'a the 
poor man is called misken, because he is sparsely supplied 
with means of livelihood; Lev. B. s. 34 ill! twill) iJBa 
bab he is called misken, because he is despised of all men 
(ref. to Koh. IX, 16). Kuth B. to I, 1 (ref. to Koh. 1. c.) 

xinti) to 'a ma &6x nrm irma 'a tfTm S"i bo maan -sn 

'31 T^iaia fKl was the wisdom of B. Akiba who was a 
poor man despised? But what does misken here mean? 
One who proves himself mean by his own words (not 
practicing what he preaches); Koh. B. to 1. c. [read:] xVs 

viaia 'a sinia ni; Yalk. Buth 598 maia 'ai sinn «bi* 
n->iia (insert maan), Koh. B. l. c. I^SbaaiB ia xis 'a ^x 
liiai (not l^abaiB) behold, a misken is none but he who 
makes his words appear mean. Ib. to IX, 15 Slip SiaVl 
'31 "pJM WQfi baa iisa liiSffl 'a mix and why does the 
text call him (the good genius in man) misken (scarce) ? 
Because he is rare among men, and (mean) because the 
majority of people do not listen to him; ib. to IV, 13; 
a. fr.— Yalk. ib. 979; Y'lamd. to Num. XXIV, 5 quot. in 
Ar. HUH iiaia 'aiU, read: r>iaia / a», v. supra. — Denom. 

"JSCtt . 

13&DII, I^DD to make poor, make contemptible. 
Koh.BitoIX, 16,v.preced. Ex. B. s. 1 ; Sot. ll a (play on 

■nteba, Ex. i, 11) ■pitea m niassbaaiu (read: "jrwo) for 
they (the buildings) impoverish their builders; Yalk. Ex. 
162 tVOSoatt) (corr. ace.). Cant. R. to I, 4 (play on i3Stt}a,. 
ib.) [read:] hSYA "pn« TSHpa make me (Israel) poor, 
and we shall run after thee (v. preoed.). 

Ithpa. 13bann, Nithpa. 13Sari3 to become poor. Sot. 
1. c. ISDafia "pliaa pdtsn Vs whoever makes building his 
business will get poor; Yeb. 63 a ; Ex.E.l.c; Yalk.Ex.l.c. 

"J3DQ, wsqn, '^>dd, 'o^a m . «&. = h.^ i. 

Targ. Koh. IV, 13, sq. Targ. O. Deut. XV, 11; a. e.— Y. 
B. Mets. II, 8 C top 'a aWX a poor man. Y. Peah VII, 21 b 
top; a. iv.—Pl. "pSSba, N*32ba, 'i3ba, 'ia. Targ.Y.Deut. 
1. c. (not yaSba). Targ. Pro v.' XXII,' 7 ; a. e.—Y. Peah 1.0. 
"ah ibtn . . . ani gave his son Samuel money to distribute 
among the poor. Y. Hag. II, 77 d bot.; Y. Snh.VI, 23 c linn 
'St 'a let the poor come and eat it, that it may not go 
to ruin. Y. Sot. Ill, 19 a ; Y. Peah VIII, 21 a bot. . . iSl Cf^i 
'a llSJSa . . used to give him the tithes of the poor every 
third year; a. fr.— Denom. : 

|203j *p3DO =lSba II, to make poor, reduce. Targ. 
Ps. Lvi, 8 (h.'text-ntn)'. Ib.XOIV, 5 (h. text M|s). Targ. 
Job VI, 9 (h. text SOT); a. e. 

13300, ^STOOD, '^.DE, '^Q f. (preced.)iwwrfo, 
scarcity. TargTo. Deiit. VIII, 9 '(ed. Vien. 'p'tias). Targ. 
Job V, 11 'ia lasts those black from starvation (h. text 
btTTp); a . e.— Lev. B. s. 35; Pesik. Shim'u, p. 117 a ; Yalk. 
Lev. 670; Yalk. Is. 256 'St WirrVji / a "«i poverty is as be- 
coming to Jews as a red line on a white horse; Lev.B. 
s. 13 rT*V0Sba (read JttVO'iSba). 

NffiDilQ Q f. (preced.) making poor. Targ. Jud. XIV, 
15.— [Targ. Ps. XXXIX, 12, v. XWObSa.] 

nDDDpq, v. *,»& 

riDSD f. (b. h. ; ^Sb I) 1) web on the loom. Ohol.VIII, 4 
ndVtsn 'a the spread web, i. e. the web hanging from the 
transverse beam (vestis pendens, v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Tela). 
Kel. XXI, 1 'an U3S3 the woof, opp. to Tats> iniB the warp 
of the standing loom. Midi-. Till, to Ps. XXXVIII; Yalk. 
Ps. 733 '31 'aft 13^ we are the web, and Thou the weaver; 
a. e.— 2) (cmp. Lat. textus) construction, Talmudie treatise. 
Buth B. to II, 9 (play on T^t, II Sain. XXIII, 16) MKtBS 
'St ns>Spl 'a (not itfisba) he (David) constructed it and 
fixed it as a rule for future generations that the king 
forces the road &c. (v.Snh. II, 4); Midr. Sam. ch. XX; Y. 
Snh. II, 20 c top. Sabb. 114 a , v. ffc; a. fr.— PI. HinSSa. 
Midr. Till, to Ps. CIV, 25 'St "tti 'an l*>i* those are the 
systematic collections of Bar K. &c. Num. B. s. 18 QUBO 
'a sixty Talmudie treatises [editions, however, count sixty- 
three] ; Tanb. Korah 12 ; Cant. E. to VI, 9 (not hW . . .) ; 
a. fr. 

fcffiDOH ch. same, text, treatise &c. Snh. 49*^1051 
'as tn5> a legal subject had just been opened for them 

(for discussion, and he would not disturb them). Hor. 10^ 
'St "j^S 'a 'jinaiptl* have you put up such and such a web, 
i. e. have you mastered this and that subject? 

TbpU, v. hWja. 

&T!3t)23 m.(^o) rejectable, drossy. Targ. Prov. XXVI, 

23 'a XSbS (h. text ft*** S]b3). 

TITOjUD m. (v. *>bte) hair-dresser. Lam. B. to I, 15 
(expi. T ri'|b, ib.) [read:] 'yrms Kistsa pis ptbaa pis 
'a npflbab he combed them (carded their skins) with 
an (iron) comb, for in Arabia they call the hair-comber 

!tf!!2DD, «T2&Q f. (sab) closing a cavity, .'a p», v. 
■jas. Nidd. 69 b 'a pka when the apparent corpse lies on 
a stone under which there is a cavity; Sabb. 82 b (Ms. M. 
xabla, v.Babb. D. S.a.l. note). SifraM'tsora,Zab.,Par.2, 
oh.. HI; a. fr. 

d^DDQ, v.&a&ani. 

DDQD I (v. bba) to melt, dissolve. 

Nithpa. basalts to be molten, to be in a state of dis- 
solution or liquefaction. Hull. 45 b , v. lata. Ib.53 b IfflSn '3 
if (in one spot of an animal known to have been attacked 
by a beast of prey) the flesh appears decayed ; ib. ""Sift 
'3 i£ft what do you mean by 'decayed' (Answ.) XSllffil) ^S 
'3t what a physician would peel off, until he comes on 
sound flesh ; ib. 77 a babana. Y. Ter.VIII,46 a top sibaoafiiaiB 
n^sa 133 (a melon) the core of which is liquefied. 

DDQD ch. same, 1) to melt, make faint. Targ.Y.Deut. 
I, 28 Ibiaba (not "Jbiaba; h. text Iban).— Y. Shek.V,48 d 
fcOSa babaa tart pt tin Bab. ed. (v.Babb. D. S. a. 1. p. 43; 
oth. ed. bab; Ms. M. lab) which wine loosens the bowels. 
— 2) to soil, make loathsome. Hull. I8 a Kmsa rrt biabaa 
the authority soils the meat with dung, so that it can- 
not be sold &c. — Part. pass, babaa. lb. 28 a rwip 'aa is 
iSa 1 ! its throat stained with blood ; ib. 53 b . 

Ithpa. babaltis to be dissolved, melt away, perish. 
Targ. Job IX,"23 (h. text Msa). 

OiQDD II (cmp. lBattia) l) to press, squeeze.— Part, 
pass. Sab/iaa mashed, shapeless. Num. E. s. 14 (play on 
ritSaffla, koh.xil, 10) niSa sn dipab-taa di&atisniB nsisa 
'St when they (the words of the Law) come out disfigured, 
they are bitter (drops) to those who hear them; v. bal; 
Y. Snh.X, 28 a bot.— Nidd. 24 a QibabW) dipab>ia li35tt) ia 
(= 'iiaa) a foetus whose face is mashed, contrad. to hthIB, 
v. hWJ I. — 2) (cmp. ym) to press, urge, esp. (of medical 
treatment) to sustain vital energies. Gen. B. s. 82 "p 
'st niaSS pbabaa this is the way they stimulate the vital 
energy of the travailing woman; (Yalk. ib. 136 panaa); 
Yalk. Is. 263 rvnh ns pbabail! (corr. ace). 

ODpiQ ch. same, 1) to press, squeeze. Hull. 4 a babaa 
iptapa nii he holds the bird's head closely in his hand 
(so that no mark, if there was any on it, could be rec- 


ognized).— 2) to stimulate, sustain strength. Yeb. 42 b 
'31 trb Xbabaa she may sustain the child's strength with 
eggs and milk (replacing the mother's milk). 

Ithpa. babanis, 'Mix to be squeezed, mashed. Y. Yeb. 
VIII, 9 a top; Y. Sabb. XIX, 17 a bot, [read :] in ST"*)' T^tt* 
niai n"Q babaia 13 -a a son was born to him with his 
membrum mashed, and he died. 

ODDS III, CEDD m. (v. baba I) polished wood, 
prpb. (=JWl=K, cmp. Moj coral-wood. Hag. 26 b 'a "to Ms. 
M. (some ed. biaoa, read b^aba; Ar. ba^ba) vessels of 
polished wood, opp. to d15to3X "to; Men. 97 a .— [Kidd. 12 a 

S^riDD&D, Targ. Ez. XLIII, 14 Ar., v. ittnada. 

"1DDD m. (b. h. only in pi.; lab) i) a pointed object, 
nail, pin. Sabb. VI, 10 (67 a ) afen "p 'a (Y. ed. aiVxn 'a) 
a nail from the gallows of an impaled convict (used as 
an amulet). Kel. XII, 4 515n 'a the blood-letter's pin (v. 
infra) ; niSfflh p« blB 'a the style of the sun-dial ; "iTllh 'a 
the weaver's pin. lb. 5 '31 IJipnniB 'a; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. 
II, 14 'SI lapSlB 'a an iron pin which was bent in order 
to be used as a key. Kel. 1. c. i}fbv} Vtt) 'a the banker's 
pin for fastening the shutters, v.bilFi.-Nurn. E.s. 14 ttJiffi 'a 
naiBNB li a nail which has a big knob.— Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. 

iv, 3 '31 la bsm nvri> 'a iiD&oa niasaj Vpa a staff to the 

end of which a pin was attached for the sake of taking 
hold of the threshing floor (of making it stationary) ; ib. 
V, 10. Ib.B. Bath. VII, 2 '31 Vtt) 'an Bin the builder's cord 
to which a pin is attached (i. e. plumb-line). Ib. B. Mets. 
II, 11 Slisn'a the scraper's pin (fastened to the smith's 
block); a. fr.-PZ. d-naba, 'piaba, rvhaba. Gen. B. s. 68, 
end. B. Bath. 7 b 'a na Sap drive nails into it, i. e. re- 
member it well. Tosef. Kel.B. Mets. 11,11 nblaffi ^I5n nVtt 
'a a store-keeper's bowl (?) studded all over with nails. 
Tanh. B'haal. 15 (ref. to Koh. XII, 11) 15X1 nilafflas aifi3 
'ai 'a Trip it is written k'mishm'roth (like guards) and we 
read k'masm'roth (like nails) to teach thee., if thou drivest 
them like a nail into thy heart, they will guard thee; 
Num. E. s. 4. Esth. B. to VI, 10 'ai b*ton . . . iJK I pre- 
pared for thee ropes and nails (for impaling) ; a. fr— 2) (pi.) 
cloves. Num. E. 1. c. &i»1BS 'Kb... pa-iS as sweet to their 
hearers as cloves.— 3) a peg-shaped attachment to a loaf, 
knob. T'bul Yom I, 3 133n insttS 'a the knob on the 
back of the loaf (supposed to serve as trade-mark). — ■ 
4) a wart or corn (cmp. Lat. clavus).— PI. hilaba. Sifra 
Thazr. Neg., Par. 1, ch. II 'an; Tosef. Neg. II, 12'niaban 

"IQ&D, iODDD ch. same, pin, nail. Targ. Y. Num. 
xxv, T 3.'— Y. Hag. in, beg. 78 d 'si 'a in aibi mi in to 

each took one nail and drove it in. Y. Pes. V, 32 b top 
[read:] Slabaa "j3S KSiap «n let this be fixed in thy 
memory like a nail; Y. Yeb. XIII, 13 c top niab*>aa (corr. 
ace); a. e.— PI. ynoba, S^laba, n*1 . . . Targ. Jer. X, 4; 
a. e.— Y. B. Bath. II,' 13 b bot.' [read:] y^an]> p^K pnaa 
nibl131 'a refused to one another the fastening of the 
weaver's pin to the party wall. — [fcOKiba, v. lab.] 

tt"IDOD f. wart o 

v.iabah.j end. 

NROOD f.(Wb) one of the marked-off tiers or settles 
of the altar \v. Midd. Ill, 1). Targ. Ez. XLIH, 14; 17 (ed. 
Lag. 'aiba a. 'aba ; ed. Wil. first time stiratiba, Ar. ittibaba ; 
corr. ace.'; h. text nilS). 

1&D, JSDDD/m. (v. KSS&H) shoe. Targ. 0. Gen. XIV, 
23. Targ. Ez. XVI, 10; a. fr.— Lam. E. to 1,5 TOU in 
one of his shoes; pin 'a in the other shoe ; a. e.— Kidd. 
22 b bot. 'WSbB (prob. to be read: ''SKba) my shoe. — PI. 
■pSba,. 8*5ba. T -Targf. Josh. IX, 5 (ed. Wii. )irso). Targ. Is. 
111*18 (Ltext d^bSS).— Hebr. pi. d">5ba. Y. Pes. X, beg. 
37 b , v. isia. 

WDH, v. next w. 

&03QH m. (\yo) pure gold. Targ. Is. XIII, 12 (ed.Wil. 
Siba[ ed'. Lag. iiiiba; h. text dh3). 

n33&IO.f. OSb) strainer; the strained mass. Sabb. 
XX, 2 (139 b ) blin WB 'a a mustard mixture in the strainer 
(v. Eashi a. 1.). Ib. 134 a ito) 'aa . . . p»ba px you must 
not strain a mustard mixture (on the Holy Day) in the 
strainer designated for it. 

SSMDQ f. (preced.) sieve, basket. Y. Dem. II, 21 d 
bot. Ib". 6»Kba (corr. ace). 

&&Q (b. h.) to melt, dissolve. 

Nif. bas, baa, bia^s, ba^i to melt, be liquefied; to fall 
away; to faint; to despair. Ex.E. s. 25 •peiai? (Var. pas' 1 ?) 
they faint. Yalk. ib. 251 p&ffl lWinn they began to lose 
heart; Mekh. B'shall., Shir., s. 9 ballb. Deut. E. s. 1, end 
'31 IJiS bfiin may this man's (thy) eye run out. Maasr. 
I, 2 "ibB^ffla d'Olain pomegranates are subject to tithes 
when their core becomes pulpy; expl. Y. ib. 48 d bot. 
'31 toll* "jSanitBa (cmp. baba II) when the eatable portion 
(core) can be mashed under one's fingers; [anoth. definition 
taking our w. in the sense of falling away, diminution; 
nsna IbiJaiffla when the ripening core is reduced to half 
the capacity of the cavity, — upon which the remark is 
made, 1iaa^> fttto . . . Ibaii . . . »aV»1. perhaps he learned 
it from the homiletical teachers who interpret hemassu 
&c. (Deut. 1,28), they divided our hearts (an allusion to 
Num. B. s. 17)]. 

Hif. ban to cause to melt away. Deut. E. s. 2, beg. 
(ref. to Ps. xxxix, 12) '31 nnis Ftoan . . man to (not 
mix) all the delight which Moses longed for, to enter 
the land, — thou hast caused it to decay as a moth enters 
garments and makes them decay. V. nba. 

ODD ch. same. Targ. II Sam. XVII, 10 i&a"i baa (ed. 
Lag.^ba s*baa), v.-iba. 

Ithpe. bbarw to melt, decay. Targ. Ps. LXXV, 4. — 
'\ttw, v. b^a.'] 

&DD m. stomach, v. bban. 
^ S^&DD, v. SbSba. 

&T>TE2&OQ, v. sbiiBbiba.' 



"OH m. (b. h.; Sbj) removal; journey ; station. Cant. 
B. to III, 6 'ab 'aa from station to station ; a. fr.— PI. nis&a 
(fern.). Snh. 94 b '31 9B3 'a IBS that wicked man (Senna- 
cherib)marched ten journeys in that one day; Yalk.Is. 284. 
Tanh.B'midb.2'a2'iHaSnS51 and it (the well) went with 
them on their journeys; Num. E. s. 1. Tosef. B. Hash. 
Ill (II), 3 'aai and the signal for marching (Num.X, 2-8); 
a. fr.— Pesik.E. s. 16 m&Stl the marches in the desert- 
[Tosef. E. Hash. II (l), 2 tVOba, MWa, v. H»J 

1?022 m. (isb) assistant, attendant.— PL S'nsba. 
Par. 111/6 ■SyiS&a b3V ni& the red cow and all her' at- 

DTS'DD, v. fiMisa. 

TSQD m. (b. h.) = 1&bn. Lam. B. introd. (E. Joh. 1) 
'a 'pIttJIp dab na why do you compose these lament- 
ations ?, v. isbn. 

IBqiQ, T&OO, fcHBOD oh. same. Targ. Gen. L, 
10. Tar'g.Y. Deut. X, 6 fa. e'.— PZ. XpBba. Targ. Am. V, 
16 (ed. Lag. a. oth. sing.). 

STDTDISDH, v. ^aebx. 

rnison v. nia&a. 

ST'JB&D m. 0>Sb) fearfulness. Targ. Job XLI, 17 (Ms. 
'S^ba- h.'text nil)).' lb. XXXI, 23 (ed. Lag. 'fiiiba; Ms. 
Var.' »■>;&&; h. text HSiB). 

pBfcO, '"^ m. (pBb II; v. p&B) simi*, dilemma; dif- 
ficulty, 'y. Sot.' hi, i9 a bot. nanan nin 'ab fiaas nb^ssn 
she placed herself in such a dilemma (to be suspected of 
adultery and to have to drink the waters of jealousy). 
Y. Gitt. VIII, 49 c bot. '31 n«i "rob "jass b-oanb m*i na 
what was thy reason for taking such a responsibility (by 
deciding in favor of a lenient opinion)? — Bsth. E. to 11,3 
STirt 'an "nib lfcta they (the Persian matrons) came to 
that trouble (to have to compete with all maidens of the 
country); a. e. 

tfpB&D, fipBOD m. (p&b II) 1) sufficiency. Y.Ber. 
IV, 8* top [read:/ firei'a niaii* aim KIM bsb 'a "]b ni« 
you have enough material for each Divine Name out of 
them (the combined benedictions); Y. Taan. II, 65 c top.— 
2) Pa. of pSb, q. v. 

"©&□ m.(b.h.;1Sb) number, count. Cant. B. to VI, 9 
(ref. to'li Sam. XXIV,' 9) '31 'part rtT 'a mispar means 
counting, inifkad, summing up. Pesik. B. s. 11 'a T%1 they 
were a limited number; 'aa JStVuU innumerable; a. fr. 

HB&H, iOBpO m. (16b) foo*/br cm#% hair, razor, 
scissors. Targ. 6. Num. VI, 5. Targ. Ez. V, 1 (not 'ba); 
a. e.— Snh. 96 a 'a ib lan (Ms. F. tfnlBba) give me a razor; 
ib. KrilB&a nib lan^l ; Yalk. Is. 276 Kl&ba. 

D"1"©&a, D n .~©&D m. du. (preced.) shears, scis- 
sors. KelJxVI, 8 "al niBba pin the sheath of a shearing 
knife or of scissors. Y. M. Kat. Ill, 82 a top 'aa with scis- 

sors, contrad. to f3b a. niSba ; Bab. ib. 17 b ; a. e.— [Tosef. 
Kel. B. Mets. IV, 5 dil&ba ed. Zuck., read dilaba.]' 

n"lB&Q, n"liS&D f. (preced.) shearing knife, clip- 
ping tool. Kel. XVI, 8, v. preced. M. Kat. 17 b , a. e., v. 
preced. Kel. XIII, 1 (Maim."lBba,ed.Dehr.m&ba). Tose£ 
ib. B. Mets. Ill, 4 diplB bl» 'a shears consisting of sep- 
arable blades; Sabb. 48 b ; 58 b 'l&da. Tosef. Bets. Ill, 19, 
v. ISb; a. e. 

&trns&D f., v. isba. 

p&2 (denom. of a noun pba, fr. p&i to ascend) to 
harvest olives, opp. to tpi to pick, glean. Tosef. Dem. 
VI, 6 dTrtS pibab V*vn . . . baipttJ bstlffli if an Israelite 
rented from a fellow Israelite ... his olive trees for harvest- 
ing, the rent to be payable in olives; 'jaioa plbab TTPT 
payable in oil; Y. ib. VI, 25 b top. Neg. II, 4 '31 pbiaS in 
the position of one taking olives down. Tosef. Toh. X, 4 
Ipba xbli! 13 before he plucked them; a. fr.— Part. pass. 
p5ba; pi. n?WJ». Tosef. B. Mets. IX, 1.— Denom. p*>ba, 

pOiQ part. Af. of pbS. 

&*P©2 m. (pb3) ascent— PI. ^pba. Lev.E.s. 18 ; Kob. 
B. to XII, 5; v. sninina. 

W»j5t5D, v. K ;pba. 

DIpDD, Y. Bice. Ill, 65 d ,' v. bipbxn. 

fcOp&Q m. (pb3) 1) ascent, height, steps. Targ. I Sam. 
IX, 11 (ed. Lag. SWXpba). Targ. Is. XXXVIII, 8; a. e.— 
2) final result, upshot.' Meg. 14 b "Wi isri 'ai and so it 
finally came to pass. 

SSrippQ f. pi. (preced. wds.) going up, procession. 
Targ. II Chr. IX, 4. 

"IpH (b. h. ; sec. r. of IDS}, cmp. meanings of b. h. lib) 
1) to seize (v. Num. XXXI, 5).— Denom. niiba 1.— 2) to 
hand over; to deliver, transmit. Ab. I, 1 '31 SHbal and 
handed it (the Law) over to &c. (in the chain of tradi- 
tion). B. Mets. 8 b (expl. ttli&ia) '31 iai ibian B1SO like 
one banding over (giving possession) &c. Ib. Ill 15 bot. 
(expl. TOS3 ns XU53, Deut. XXIV, 15) TOSS nx IbalB 151 
fbV Ms. M. (ed. Ibian, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) a labor 
for which he binds (obligates) himself; [oth. explan.] ib. 
112 a nniab lass ns 'a (Ms. M. I^bs TO&i ib'a) he deliver- 
ed himself to death, i. e. risked his life; (Ms. M. for which 
he surrendered his life to the employer); Sifre Deut. 279 
TOSi na "jb 'a he surrendered his life to thee (the em- 
ployer) ; a. v. fr. — bs "pi 'a to surrender one's case against 
a man (to Providence) ; v. yw. B. Kam. 93 a ; E. Hash. 16 b ; 
a. e.— Bsp. a) to surrender a person to the authorities, to in- 
form against. Gitt. 7 a ntobab blbab iliaiit is in my power 
to bring them to judgment through the (Boman) govern- 
ment. Tosef. Ter. VII, 20 '31 Ttaxfi »bl bbl3 ■ftliT' let them 

all suffer death rather than surrender one Israelite &e. ; a, 
fr. — V.iioa.— b)ia£S'a (sub. nrnab)'fo suffer martyrdom. 
Pes. 53>> 'SinaJllp bs ",5323 npaffi) who were ready to suffer 
death for thesanotiflcation of theName(of theLord).Yalk. 
Ex. 182 '31 nasss rrtsian'nalK a people that is ready to 
die for the unity of my Name; a. fr.— Part. pass, "ll&a; 
f. fffiba; pi. trni&a, 'p'lioa; niii&a. Kidd. 32 b ; B. Mets. 
58 b '31 abb 'art ~ai to an injunction which is entrusted 
to the heart (over which human authorities have no 
control), the Text adds, 'and thou shalt he afraid of thy 
God.' Mekh. Ki Thissa (ref. to tfib, Ex. XXXI, 14) ttsb 
rtHSb 'a tins "W 'a rCHU the Sabbath is given in your 
charge, but you are not surrendered to the Sabbath, i. 
e., there are higher objects for which the Sabbath law 
must eventually be violated; Xoma 85 b ; a.. fr. 

Nif. 1ba3 to be delivered, transmitted. Num. E. s. 4 
nil33 lb STi&ai the birth-right (priesthood) was trans- 
ferred to him.' B. Kam. 82 b B3113 Bi"!&a5 ^S they will 
not be given into your hands, you will have no power 
over them ; Men. 64 b . T. Xoma III, 40 d bot. ibaS STn Kb 
'31 it (the pronunciation of the Tetragrammaton) was 
not communicated to any but &c. ; a. fr. 

"l&Di (""IPO) I oh. same. Targ. Gen. XXXIX, 8. 
Targ. Am. I, 6. Targ. O. Deut. XXIV, 15; a. fr.— Part, 
pass. TOa; f. *m?a; pi. TT' oa ; ^pa. Targ. Num. in, 9; 
a. fr.— [farg.X. II Gen. XVI, 5 V™ 'ji'lOa, a corrupt., 
prob. to be read: "jbs ni^pa; cmp. B. Kam.93 s .] — B. Mets. 
8 b ilpiVl rt^b 'a Xp )Xa who is there to deliver it to him, . 
that he might take possession? Y. Xoma III, 40 d bot. tOK 
"^b FTTH "IttQ I will transmit it (the pronunciation of the 
Tetragrammaton) to you. Koh. B. to III, 11 [read:] H*>fit 
nib ■iidaW TO 13 isn is there a person here to whom 
I might communicate it?; IDtfia TtfK 13 when he was 
about to communicate it. Kidd. 12 b '31 XSlla '»*! who 
enters a protest against his own letter of divorce. Ber. 
20 a '31 inmi)S3 i^pa Sp llfl were ready to suffer martyr- 
dom for the sanctification of the Name ; '31 "|Ji*iOa iib "JSS 
we are not ready to suffer &c. ; a. fr. 

Ithpe. iparii*, IOB'm* to be surrendered, transmitted; 
to surrender one's self. Targ. Lev. XXVI, 25. Targ. Ps. 
LXXIX, 11 ; a. e.— Gitt. 66 b T^Mia ; 29 a yiQWO, v. xlbia II. 
Snh, 26 a ilpfiia have decided to surrender (to capitulate). 
Koh. K. 1. c. iDa-va mb "©laia nibs bap xbl (some ed. 
nib IDaiab) he declined to have the Tetragrammaton 
transmitted to him (v. X. Xoma 1. c). 

"I&Q II, Pa. ~l©13 (denom. of tn&a) to saw. Targ. 
Is. XLIV, 13. Targ. II Sam. XII, 31 (e¥. Wil. Ipa) ; -Targ. 
IChr. XX, 3 (ed. Bahm. IKSa).— Part. pass. I&aa. Targ. 
I Kings VII, 9. 

")©D m. (b. h. lite); 1&J) a tool with rough edges or 
teeth, T fUe, saw. Sabb. XVII, 4 blljn 'a saw for cutting 
wood. Kel. XXI, 3 ; Tosef. ib. B. Bath. I, 8 'a bffl pba 
blisn the frame of the saw. Y. Succ. HI, 53 c bot. 'a "pas 
leaves serrated like a saw, v. bsa; Tosef. ib. II, 7; Bab. ib. 
34 a 'ab naiT. Gen. B. s. 6; Midr. Sam. ch. IX, V.1&3; Ex. 
B. s. 5 '03 (Var. Ia&a3); a. e. 

1 P!&$ 

S^OD ch. same. Targ. Is. X, 15 (ed.Wil. K^ba).— PI. 
TiDa]" Targ. I Kings VII, 9. Targ. II Sam. XII.Vl; Targ. 
I Chr. XX, 3 (ed. Bahm. 'p'l&ttja). ' 

&Q")bH, pi. 'pa'i&a, v. la'i&a. 

"'"'SHDJQ P r - n - m - M'sarbay, by-name of the family 
of Jojarib. Y. Taan. IV, 68 d '31 Nnii3 i&a 'a he was sur- 
hamed M., because he surrendered the Temple to the 
enemy ; 13 idi&l liaiB bs . . 3i*in ni . . . the Lord went into 
judgment . . . because they rebelled against him. 

"]£""]&£], S33T]DZ3 m. (31&I) rebellious. Targ. Ps. 
LXXVIII, 8 (edlLag. p'm&a, Var. *pi&a ; ed. Wil. 'pa'i&a 
(pi. followed by sing. Vtt1»; Ms. llimoa). Targ. Is! 

TlDS, v. ijnaia. 

sSJ/I jOD m. (3n*>&) 1) impatient, impetuous. Targ. 
Prov.XXI, 5 ("h. text fit). — 2) rebellious.— PI. yart-lba. 
Targ. Y. Deut. XXXI, 27*. Targ. Ps. LXVI, 7 ed. Wil! (ed. 
Lag. paiffioa ; Ms. 'plliTlOa; h. text B1VIB). 

n 'BSJlj l012 adv. (preced.) impetuously. Targ. Prov. 
XXV, 8 (h. ! text Via). 

■jnrn&D, v . ^&a. 

]i2tTp2, ^rCpQ, v. nam. 

■pirnpn, v. ira 


fTJTOU, Y. Ned. VII, beg. 40 b nilblbSl 'a, a corrupt. 
forlteisi&iba m.([j.eX((7<T6cpuXXov, cmp.Syr.libblSlb&ibna, 
■jlblBlDibia, P. Sm.2025; 2091) Melissophyllon, melissa or 
baum, an herb (v. Sm. Ant. s. v.); v. Sibaan. 

ptl&Qi v. p^&a. 

npilpD m. (pn& II) hair-comber. Lam. B. to I, 15, 

v. nbbb : &a. : " 

^1&a,v.^ & a. 

NJJ'H&n, v. xp^&a. 

ST'nDD, v. ma. 

• ?f"]lpp m. (^0; v. T|"!& I) band with which the saddle 
is fastened around the ass' belly. Tosef. Sabb. IV (V), 2 
is'iban nx TiiBpi Xbffl (v. ed. Zuck. note) he must not tie 
his band ; Sabb. 53* 13"i&aa 13 IllBpi »b» Ms. M. (ed. 
pi-ioa lb, read : isi^&a) ; Y. ib. V, 7 b bot. i311&an ftS 
(read: isi^iBan). 

p"1&D m. (p*ib II) 1) comb, strigil. Kel. XIII, 8 bll) 'a 
pars hackle for flax. Ib. 7 ; T'bul Yom IV, 6 Wtf.1 bffi 'a 
hair-comb; a. e.— Tosef. Kel. B.Mets. IV, 4 pm 13 BHU 'a 
<an iron) comb to which a sting is attached (an instrument 
of torture"iB).-2) an indented attachment to a vessel 

oraplantko. lb. 9 'art *sS -\siapj rfjB&tti a lamp-chain is con- 
sidered as joined to 'the comb'. Kel. II, 8 11S1X VlB 'a; 
Tosef. ib. B. Kam. II, 8 pllba, v. "WIS. Ukts. II, 3 'an 
the crown of a pomegranate. — PI. niplba. Ber. 61 b , a. 
e. \>VQ ^23 'a iron combs for flaying, v. supra. 

&t|5"]&D, "H&D ch. same. Ber. 18 b "Kplba my comb. 
— PL "'p-ida, rp^&a. Gitt. 57 b li6n&*l '-CO. with iron combs, 
v. preced. ; Lam. B. introd. (B. Josh. 2) ; ib. to II, 2 "jipi-irja 
(not lip ... ); Koh. E. to III, 16 XplOa (s%.) 

fn&D f. (b. h. rtym; v. 1&5) a mould, for frying a 
batter (v&n), in gen. pan. Hall" I, 4 'art rt>rt Ms. M. (ed. 
'toBrt) cake formed in the mould; Pes. 37 a ; e'xpl. ib. albrt 
'31 ^li) home-made Aafei (v. B^ni). ¥. Hall. I, 57 d , v. 
»Bi>rtin. Y. Pes. II, 29 b bot. 

SSrj'l&Q, '"HOD ch. same. Targ. II Sam. XIII, 9 (ed. 
Wil. ^ipa). Targ. "Lev. II, 5 (also "ilba; h. text nana). 
Targ. Ez. IV, 3. Targ. I Chr. IX, 31 (h. text d-TOrt). 

ItfiTr&D, v. arnfeo. 

ilSQ f. constr. (b. h.; v. next w.) as much as, in ac- 
cordance with. Hag. 8 a (ref. to Deut. XVI, 10) . . la^a 'a 
Ol insert «iaa . . Ms. M. (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1.) 'in accord- 
ance with' (the free-will offering &c), this intimates that 
one must procure his festal offering with secular money 
(not from second tithe-money). Ib. '=1 'a ijttYi SaiBa lata 
where is the intimation that this missath means secular? 
(Answ. ref. to 6a, Esth. X, 1). 

KTBQ, (NFIOD), "y2 f. ch. (&&a; cmp. 15 fr. ni*) 
plenty, 'enough. Targ. Prov. XXX, 15, sq. (h. text fin).— 
Constr. n&a,n&a,"ia,"ia adv.(=h.^). Targ.II Sam.XXIV, 
16 (h. text ay. Targ. Ex. XXXVI, 5 (h. text fna). Ib. 
O. 7 (Y. h&iSfffi; h. text h^n). Targ. Prov. XXX, 8 in&a 
enough for me (h. text iprt). Targ. Jer. XLIX, 9 lirtribTa 
(h. text tfi-i) ; a. fr.— 'a3, ('aa), ToSJ as much as required. 
Targ. Y. Ex. 1. c, v. supra. Targ. Lev. XII, 8 (Y. ed. Amst. 
'aa). Targ. H Chr. VIII, 1 3 'aa (ed. Lag.) ; a. fr.— V. npTaSi, 
— *Lev. R. s. 3 into Ka*>S*> yram Sl&tia n&^a it is enough, 
they will pay for it in the hereafter (Yalk. Koh. 971 nrt">a). 
— V. JOfipa. 

IPUDD, v. twj&a. 

"iTn&n, v. ™=a. 

P'Tlfl&D m. pi. (ire II, v. next w.) confusion. Yalk. 
Gen. 126 'a ia, v. d-ninp. 

NtTHiri&D f. (in& II) reel. Hull. 60 a , v. stt-rt. 

fcTFl&D, fcOTpD, '"'U f. (denom. of nba) 1) (it is) 
enough'. Targ. Y. Num. XII, 14 ft'jFiba it is enough for 
her. Targ. I Chr. XXI, 15; 27 tpnpa; (Targ. II Sam. 
XXIV, 16 n&a).— Y. Keth. I, 25 c 'sYiT^Slpa {& is. it not 
enough for her that she has been raised to priesthood? 
—Gitt. 14 b '31 rV*i&ia Bti (some ed. rtiWra) not enough 
that he did not help us but &c. Ib. 56 b n'llrt »p1 TpJPlp'w 

2 nstf» 

'31 thou art sufficiently rewarded by seeing the distress 
of thy enemy. B. Bath. 126 a '31 "va vb was it not enough 
that thou didst sell his property &c? Ber. 55 a rtillrt" 
rti'iplba his joy (over his good dream) is enough for him 
(he must not expect its realization); a. fr. — Yalk. Gen. 62 
SWa l-pisTil "ia Krt this (sample) is enough to prove that 
all the wine is bad; Gen. R. s. 38 *lrtba Ar. (ed. ISlUa; 
prob. to be read : '31 'a IBira, v. 1&UJa)/— 2) (v. P. Sm. 2184) 
saturation, plenty. Targ. Job VI, 7 (sec. vers.) num. .yort 
'31 'a they made me sickly, and thus there was more 
than enough for my meal (h. text iVft rtart, play on ft 
a. Wj), v. wm. 

I^TTlbH, v. isnba a. T^aba. 

SSiTlD^&Q f. (drib; cmp. date), substructure filled 
with earth, tier; v. fcttjaba. 

"IFCD m. (b. h.; Iris I) secret. — PI. d^TMDa, T^ba, 
'itfca Gen. R. s. 82 (quot! adopted fr. Jer. XLIX, 10) Vfii 
'31 'biaiaa Vntnpa I laid open his (Esau's) secrets in order 
to expose his bastards; Yalk. Jer. 331; Yalk. Chr. 1073 
"ihba (corr. ace). Ex. B. s. 19 mifiba W bit shall not 
learn his (Israel's) secrets. Hag. 5 b laiB 'ai . . . dlpa the 
Lord has one special place whose name is mistarim (Jer. 
XIII, 17).— V. ITapa. 

fcHPl&Q, Targ. Y. Deut. XXIX, 5, v. ind I. 

Itf 3?H I ch.=h. rtsa, [grain,] m'ah, a coin and a weight. 
Targ. T I Sam. II, 36 (h. text iTnS8). Targ. Job XLII, 11 
Ms. Var. (ed. Stsnifi, h. text StBilBp).— PL "pSa, iSa. Targ. 
O. Ex. XXX, 13 (Y. Via; h. text .Tia).— B* Mets. 102 b 
'a nxa 'a rtxa JOVCS if he said 'an Istira', (adding) 'one 
hundred m'ah', he must pay one hundred m'ah. Kidd. 
81 a , v. iXsfil, Snh. 26 a ;— &ttTSa=h. niSa, money. Targ. 
Esth. 1X^22. 

X^Q II ch.=h. rtsa, belly, womb. Targ.Ps.CXXVII,4. 
Ib. LVIII, 4 isa la (h. text dhia). Ib. XLIV, 26 SWa Ms. 
(ed. sojflsa; h.'text i33aa).— Mostly pi. yvo, x^sa, 'a, 
'la; constr. isa, bowels, intestines. Targ. Gen. XXX, 2. 
Ib. XXV, 22, sq.; a. fr.— Hull. 93 a &TOa fflil the starting 
point of the (large) intestines. Yalk. ib. 976, v. StrOB. Lev. 
B. s. 3 fcVSa ia (some ed. fTjSa) the small bowels; Koh. 
B. to VII, 19 [read:] 'a nOj'a. fr.— V. XS'jSa. 

5<"]S^Q m. Oas) doing. — PL yHasa. Targ. Job 
XXXIV, 25. 

«Ta?Q, v.^as.. 

S^D^D?^? m. (preced.) maker; parent. Gen.B. s. 68; 
Yalk.Ys. ! 878 (play on d-virt, Ps. CXXI, 1) Vtibnb d^l'rtrt b& 
"OTasaVl (v. lirt) I lift my eyes unto the Aonw, to my 
teacher and my begetter. 

!^ri ; lD'j[3^J2 f. (preced.) making, getting. Targ. Prov. 
XXI, 6. 

naj?a,v. *»?. 


•STVQSJQ m. ■ pas; v. K"ffi«s>) growth. ¥. Ned. VII, 
■40 c .top:s"ibsa, v. xaw. • 

. ". n"]iS5Q f. (b. h. STTaaa; la?) ferry-boat. B. Kara. 
116 a (Ms. M. ri125a); Yeb.'l06 a (ed.XiaSa; eorr. ace.). 

I2ij9D, Toh. X, 5, At., v. MS, . 

■DT'SS'lQ, Lam. E. to IV, 19, v.-rvas a. pbl. 

"ISS'Q m. (153) pitchfork for the first stage of win- 
nowing (passing the grain from one side to the other). 
K.el. XIII, 7; T'bul Tom IV, 6. [Ar. reads 11Sa, with Var. 
leot. lasa, issa.] 

ltf"Q>72 m., oonstr. 135a pas) passing, mustering. 
Targ. Is! XXX, 32.— V. next w. 

fcHHIP/Q m. ("OS) /bra!, /m-#. Targ. O. Gen. XXXII, 
23 13Sa oonstr. ed. Berl. (oth. ed. lasa).— Yeb. 106 a , v. 
niiasa. Hull. 95 a Ar. (ed. xiaa). Ned. 27 b 'a s-np&s the 
ferry cut him off, i. e. there was no ferry to take him 
over. lb. MtJil!* ibJPa 'a the accident of missing a ferry 
can be foreseen. 

n l3"J3 f. (b, h.; preced.) crossing, esp. the place of 
crossing.— PI. TsYWn, constr. niiasa. Ber. 54 a Vri 'a the 
place where the Israelites crossed the Red Sea; plVr.'a 
where they crossed the Jordan; a. e. 

, fctFn.aS'Q ch.same, 1) crossing, ferry, ford. Y. Taan. 
IV, 68°, sq.— B. Bath. 73 a Ms. P., y. Stt;S31a.-2) (SOpiia) 'a 
a parted beard (perh.=iasa, pronged, like a fork). Snh. 
100 b .— 3) Ci^sm) 'a the hollow rim of the capsule of the 
T'fdlin of the arm through which the thong is slipped. 
Men. 35 a . 

5"CC$3 m - ( v - next w rolling machine. Sifre Deut. 
229 'aiftissampaxinnaa how large a railing is requir- 
ed around the place where one puts his rolling machine? 
Three handbreadths, opp. to f&fU tTO the part of the 
roof used for moving about; Yalk. ib. 930 ftSSa. 

tTTX^D f. (bW)-l) roller, a slab for rolling over a 
plastered roof, v. y\na. Mace. II, 1; Tosef. ib. II, 3; Y. 
ib. II, beg. 31 c . M.Kat'.I.lOhiai TO 'aa, expl. ib. il a pS3 
'31 'a with hands and feet as with a roller. — 2) a press 
for straightening wood. Sifre Deut. 308, v. 'jlS PL; Yalk. 
ib. 942 Sibssa. 

5JSJD m. 1) (b. h.; bJS ; Wbw) the wagons surrounding 
the camp, ring. Num. E. s. 19; Midr. Till, to Ps. VII; a. 
e.—2) v.-ViJSa. 

fib^SJQ, v. n^ssa. 

WTPQ f. with child, v. 1-is I. 

. TWQ,v.-n»a. 

'■T13W I m.,jl.d^?l],p3lSD(b.l. ; nW B ;lfl 
IK/;) £mo£s of reed matting; v. fta. 

. *jT§n-n- m, # dWq, i^TSQ (b.b, ; lis) .**«; 

iics, sweets ; -dVlS "\31Sa the best things in the world. 
Sot. 9 a ; 15 b . Num. E. s. 7 laa -paSTO '3 'a ta they found 
in the manna the taste of all the best things &c. — Y. 
Ber. VI, 10 b top 'a wo X113 the Creator of various kinds 
of sweet things, (fruits &c). Ib. iTOISB b>S1 y*HHn to for 
the land (Palestine) and its good things. Gen. E. s. 67 BSD 
dblSaiB 'a b>3 the taste of all good things in the world; 
Yalk. ib. 115 di31Sa (corr. ace); a. fr. 

TH^D m - 0>- h -J "™) mattock, also the share of the 
plough'. Kel. XIII, 7, v. lasa. Tosef. ib. B; Mets. Ill, 14; 
IX, 3 *Vn9a.. Tosef. ib. B.Bath. 1, 7, v. hlpa.- Ib. 8 . . mmiBah 
'aa\U the strings and thongs of the share-beam; a. e. 

"ft?D ch. same. Targ. Is. VII, 25. 

TWT2 f. (b. h. pi. rYlSa, Is. XL VIII, 19, v. Targ.; cmp. 
next w.) [grain of sand &c.) m'ah, (cmp. i"l1S) 1) a weight. 
Y. Kil. I, 27 a top '31 nns 'a one m'ah's weight from the 
top of a melon, cucumber &c; [E. S. to Kil. I, 2: one seed 
taken from the top &c, v. next w.]. — Lev. E. s. 17 'a 
'31 'al fiaS MIS one m'ah's weight of coarse thread &c. ; 
(Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXIII, 4 niaa).— 2) a coin, corresp. 
to the Tyrian Obolus (v. Zuckerm. Talm. Munz. p. 4). 
Tosef. B. Bath. V, 12 '31 t]6S 'a (BttJ six m'ah silver make 
one denar ; '31 "ijffl SpS 'a one m. silver is. equal to two 
dupondia; Y. Kidd. I, 58 d ; Bab. ib. 12 a ; Bekh. 50 a . Y. 
Shebu. VI, beg. 36 d ; a. fr.— PI. psa. Ib.; a. fr.— PliSa in 
gen. small coins, money. B. Mets. IV, 1, v. flip. Pes. 50 b 
trtl hiilaa rnsan 'a proceeds from trans-oceanic traffic. 
Ib. dToW 'a orphans' money (invested at half-profits 
between executor and orphans). Ab. Zar. 17 b d^llS btt) 'a 
money laid aside for Purim enjoyments; flpIS VlB 'a 
charity fund. Ib. '31 "PrpSa D1X )TP s6 one must not give 
his contribution to the charity fund, unless its manager 
be &c; 

T\V]2 (or n 5£l)m.; pi.d'iSa I dWSa,')'«SB 1 ."ia (b.h.; MIS) 
[eMrwe; cmp. bin,] inside, bowels, belly. Kinn. Ill, 6 TOa 
milSSb VSa isa Dibailb its large intestines are used for 
harp-strings &c, v. 1133. Nidd. 22 b TOa -|ira nVllJi naa 
has an internal wound (abscess); (To'sef. ib. IV, 3 trtl&aa). 
Y. Naz. VII, 56 c hot. baJM isa nnn under the belly of the 
camel; plpfflrt i»a nnh under the arch of the gate. Snh. 
viii, 2 (52 a ) raa iia niaim i^sa -|inV miii runs into 

his inside and scalds his bowels. Hull. 56 b 'a 13a lixa 
'31 lias by the intestines of birds (Mish. 111,3) are 
meant the stomach, the heart &c— Eduy. Ill, 3 ITB3J* iSa 
the seeds and the juice of the melon (v. preced.). Y. 
Maasr. I, 48 d niaas 'ab lissba "WayTa na what is the 
difference between the core of the melopepon and that 
of the melon?-Y. Ter. VIII, 46 a top, v.da&al.— Tosef; Kel. 
B. Mets. IX, 2 nbffl "piSa the stuffings of the sofa. 

W/g, v.^isu. ; 

rQI^D m. (rras) rfewse, large-sized, opp. pTra, v.-pp* 
Arakh, 25 a ''31hasa Sb neither too densely, nor too sparse- 
ly sown. Succ. IV, 9 (48 b ); a..e.— PI. paiSa. , Pes. 64 b 1^1 



'a n&S iniK -pa-lip (not pll!*, v. Eabb. D. S. a.l. note 9; 
Ms. M. 'pEa, v. hia) and they called it the Passover of 
the crowded, v. 'TjSa. 

" l t3 ! 13'P, infin. Pa. of BSa. 

ftMPn, WBWq, v. two, mbm. 

* J^wD m (denom. of T;9) having many eyes or cofors, 
name of a'j>&tn£ (prob. 7toXoo<p&aXu.o<; = f)ootp&aX[ji.os), 
Chrysanthemum. Y. Kil. I, 27 a , v. b"wb. 

rib^a m., TO^D f. (fibs, Pi.) prominent, dis- 
tinguished.' Ber. 10 b (expl." H?bs, II Kings IV, 10) bWaa 'a 
the most distinguished room (the exedra); Ned. 56 a (expl. 
STnbSh, Mish. VII, 4) binaail) 'a (Var. T*S5aej) the best 
room. Men. 108 b VKOW 'a (Ms. M. WaaiD rtiibsa) my 
best room. B. Kam, 16 b (expl. rtiibsrt ya, Mish. I, 4) 'aa 
V*3iatU with the best portion of his estate; a. e.— PI. 
b^Wa, fksa. lb. hnstBaail) 'a the most distinguished 
of his family; a. e. 

uSPiyQ adv. OaS) standing, in a standing position, 
Shebu. 38 b '31 'a rtSiatt) an oath must be taken standing, 
but scholars may remain seated. Ber. 30 a 1BK X1&M ai 
'a Bab H. says (he who is walking on the road) must stand 
still (during prayer), opp. "]^<ia; Y. ib. II, beg. 4 a . Sifre 
Deut. 155 'a xbx 111)3 hYTUB ■)■*« no function is properly 
performed if the priest is not standing ; a. fr. 

"p3?D I m. (b. h.; IIS) 1) [seferfiow; cmp. fTTS,] resi- 
<Ze»ce, esp. <Ae Temple ; 'ah by the Temple ! Tosef. Keth. 
111,2. Tosef. Ker.IV, 4. Num. E. s. 12 bwbsa *pl'Sa nail) 
thouhast placed thyresidence with the uppermost(angels). 
Koh. E. to XII, 7 llrtB "fllSa my residence (in heaven) is 
pure; a. e — 2) Ma'on, name of one of the heavens. Hag. 
12 b .— 3) [that which is looked for,] sustenance, support 
(v. I Sam. II, 29; 32). Gen. E. s. 68, a. e. iffl iilSa iT'aprt 
■sailS the Lord is the support of his world; cmp. bipa. — 
[Ex. E. s. 24 miSIS Tina ^ISa, some ed., read: ■£?».]* 

"]12?Q II pr. n. pi. 1) (b. h.) Maon, in Judaea. Mekh. 
Yithro, Bahod. s. 1. iTTihi 'a. — 2) 'a, also 'a ma Maon, 
Beth Maon, near Tiberias. Sabb. 139 a bot. 'ai MnttFOa ia 
the synagogue of M.; (Gen.E. s. 80, beg. SWISal 'jlhniBiJSa, 
read "Wil'Sal; Y. Snh. II, end, 20 d Bfiaiua '3a). Y. Erub.' 
V, 22 b bot.' 'a W3; Y. Sot. 1, 17 a bot. , p3>a ma (corr.acc); 
Num. E. s. 9 (ed. Wil. p. 58).— [Tosef. Shebi. VII, 13 yiS» 
!t«K Var., ed. Zuck. llSaffl ; oth. ed. pa.] 

nfrCn^D m. (preced.) of Maon. Gen.B.s.SOybeg.W 
'a JosVof M.; Y. Snh. II, end, 20 d -isisa (h.); Yalk. Ez. 
357 x;;isa t|bi\— PL "wisa. lb. 'aVyinwosa; Gen.E. 
1. c. (not KSlSal), v. preced.' 

"Ol^Q m. 1) of Maon, v. preced.— 2) 'a IBS the Book 
M''oni, name of a Pentateuch copy in Jerusalem in which 
■|isa was written in place of h3Sa (Deut. XXXIII, 27). 
Y. Taan. IV, 68 a bot. 'a 15b; Sifre' Deut. 356 biJlSa ill); 
Treat. Sof rim VI, 4 rtJlSa -fib (corr. ace). 

ȣiSn, v. t-ngta. 

D^toi v. -ji»D. 

p3i3?a,^i^,v. r . ?? a. 

Ps. LXXIII, 4, read with e 

hoto Midr. 

Bub. naisa, v.. S)Bp r . 

■mSlSH, read: nilBSa. 

!2~ll3?Q m. (denom. of aiS), il)ail) 'a one who has be- 
come clean with the setting of the sun (Lev. XXII, 7), opp. 
to bii biaa, v. baa 1. — PI. ii)aaj(n) "Taiisa. Par. in, 7 ; 

Tosef. ib. Ill, 7. Ib. 6 IDail) tSISa, fflaiB bl» "HlSa (corr. 
aoo.).-.Fem. naiisa. Sifra M'tsora, Zab., Par. 5, ch. IX.— 
[a'lSa mixed, V. ais I.] 

goats-hair, horn &c. Targ. 0. Ex. XXV, 4 "nsa ed. Berl. 
(v. Berl. Targ. 0. II, p. 27, a. Massorah, p. Ill); Y. ">Wa. 
Ib. XXVI, 7 1SB ed. Berl. (Y.^TOal). Targ. Num. XXXI, 
"%>. Targ. O. Ex. XXXV, 26 SWSa (ed. Berl. X"HSa); Y 

nj'j^/O f. (ats, v. infra) a concrete of stone chippings. 
clay &c, used for paving floors, pavement covering the 
ceiling (hips) of the lower story and serving as flooring 

to the upper story. B. Mets. x, 2 'an ns ynisn . . ywnnrt 

the dweller below must provide the ceiling, and the one 
above the pavement. Ib. 117 a '31 iptlflK 'a the plaster 
preserves the ceiling (thus benefitting the owner of the 
lower story); (oth; opin.) '31 iifilBN 'a it serves only to 
level the floor. Suce. I, 7 'a h^bs ■p&tl!) hlpn a ceiling 
not covered with pavement; a. fr. — [atS, Neh. Ill, 8 is 
supposed to mean: to form a concrete for fortification 
purposes. — Our w. seems to be a hebraization of aba 
caementum (v. P. Sm. 2137), by confounding it with h. r. 
Dia; cmp. saiairt a. aaba.] 

tsT]VD m. (bis) spinner. Koh. E. to VII, 9 (prov.) 
fvroS&a n^b p^bb p ninsbs bs bus 'ai xaa^rt (not '&a; 
strike out a^bi K!h, being a Var. lect. or gloss to p^bb) 
as the spinner winds (the yarn) o 
get off his distaff, i. e. the rash ma 
self; v. Kb/a III. 

N™>D m. (preced.) the yarn on the distaff. Targ. 
Prov. T XXXI, 19 (h. text ~jb>S). 

tOS'D (b. h.; cmp. Bla) to be thin, minute.— -Part. pass. 
owa, f. naisa; pi. biwsa, "pawa; niDlsa. Y. Pes. V,32 a 
bot."; Y. Snh. I, 18 c bot. rt'lin iBSlSal nil ibJ big in spirit 
(haughty) and small in learning (of narrow capacity). 
Tosef. Hall. I, 7; a. e.— Tarn. IV, 2 rtulSaa at least (Talm. 
ed. 31 a 'jalSaa, comment. 'iBlSiaa on the smallest of the 


Pi. DSa, D3>ia 1) to diminish, reduce; to do little. Ab. 
IV, 10 '31 pOSn BSaa Trl do less business, and busy thy- 
self with the Law. M. Kat. 22 a , v. pas. Taan. I, 7 ^asaa 
'31 StlBaa we must reduce business transactions, build- 
ing &o. lb. IV, 6 SirraMa ^asaa ax &333!Ba with the be- 
ginning of the month of Ab we must reduce rejoicing. 
Hull. 60 b "]»S» nx iBSai "els go and make thyself smaller 
(be reduced). Snh. 17 a D3ia£5> dfiBSial VWil because 
you made yourselves small (were modest); Num.B,.s.l5. 
Tosef. Brub. IX (VI), 15 ''31 ffttlsG PlBXpa if he reduced 
the size of the gap by means of stones &c. Y. ib. VII, 
beg. 24 b D-ten "pBSaa you may use utensils for reducing 
the opening. Bab. ib. 77 b BSaa effects the reduction, i.e. 
puts the two adjoining places in the legal condition of 
dwellings connected by a gate; a. fr. — 2) (interpret.) to 
limit, qualify, exclude from the rule. Shebu.26 a 10111 riiri 
BS"va1 rcna Sinful b3 nx interpreted the entire Law on 
the principle of 'It includes and it excludes', i. e. on the 
principle that if, in the Biblical text, a specification is 
preceded and followed by general terms, both an ex- 
tension C'la^l) and a limitation (BW) must be found; 
e. g. ib. (ref. to Lev. V, 4) '31 "ia . . . Slrlb ... BBS IS 'or 
if a soul swears', this is a general expression, 'for bad or 
for good', this limits (the sphere of the law to things 
which are either an advantage or a disadvantage); 'what- 
soever it be &c.', this is again a generalization ; now what 
does it include? All kinds of words (vows); '31 'a 'a tj&il 
and what does it exclude? It excludes a religious acttthe^ 
vow of doing a forbidden thing or not doing a com- 
manded thing). Sifra Tsav, ch. XV, Par. 11 ennBSlQ OK 

'31 hBura aasast s6 nana naiatsa if i exclude them 

(the gentiles) from the privilege of laying hands on the 
sacrifice, which has a wider sphere of application, must 
I not exclude them from the privilege of waving &c.?; 
a. fr. — Part. pass, uwaa, v. BSia, 

Mif. Diwan to do little, less. Ber. 17* ^X lastti xail) 
B^Saa Sim iiaia lest you say, I do much good, and he 
but little; 'si aisaah insi naiari inx la^m we have 
learned, whether one does much or little (they are 
equally worthy), provided one directs his heart &c. ; Men. 
XIII, 11; 

Nithpa. BSaro, Hithpa. asonri to be diminished, reduced. 
Erub. VII, 5 '31 illffisa pnh '3 if the pile of straw has 
been reduced to less than ten handbreadths. Ib. 54 b ; Ab. 
Zar. 19 s BSaria he will become less (will decline in learn- 
ing). Arakh. 30 b 1B&3 '3 if his value was reduced. Tosef. 
Sot. XIV, 10 '31 moVi IBSanj the days were reduced, and 
the years shortened. Ib.' *>ixii»i1 rVDlnfiV tmstt iVwtt 
BSaFifli the nations began to grow and the Israelites to 
be reduced (in rank). Pesik. B,, s. 14 II" 1 flBSaf13 he became 
reduced in fortune. Midr. Till, to Ps.XII, end riasana Q1UB3 
btFbs their soul within them shrinks, i. e. they feel jealous 
and angry; Yalk. ib. 659; Lev.B,.s.32, beg. rDSana (corr. 
ace). Sifra 1. c. riBljn fiaSaW the sphere of the act of 
waving is the smaller one; Sl3^a& SlBSans the laying on 
of hands has the smaller sphere; a. fr. — Erub. 80 b ">Ka 
BaaafO BSafd 'it was reduced' (Mish. VII, 7) means, it 
was reduced to atoms, v.Baaa.-B.Mets.71 a 'paSana TO33, 
y. Bla h.— Tosef. Mikv. VI (VII), 14 ^BSaria, v. Tj§a. 

U«?2 I ch., Pa. BSa same, to reduce; to exclude. Yoma 

74 a '31 «'a> ">Xa iWSai this 'none but' is to exclude 

what (whom)? ... It excludes the king; Shebu. 31 a Ms. 
M. (ed. ip1B&6); a. fr. 

Ithpe. aWW to be reduced; to be excluded. Erub. 79 b 
blarVIXa '1X1 when its size was reduced the day before; 

I3!?D II m. (b. h.; preced.) a little, little. Ab. J, 15 
nam hibsi 'a IIOK promise little and do much. Sabb. 31 b 
(ref. to Koh. VII, 16) 5>wrt> 'a Xrt but a little wrong one 
may do?; a. e. — V. BSqa. 

)12$12, 1 n t35?D m. ( ,BS) vat or pit where olives are 
packed 'until they form a viscid mass. Toh. IX, 1 'ail nST 
the (intended) exudation produced by lying in the vat, 
opp. ftBlph FiSI the (unwelcome) exudation originating 
in the pile or basket, v. Sit h. Ib. 9 ; Tosef. ib. XI, 1. Tosef. 
Maasr. Ill, 7 -pasa. Ib. 13, a. e. pwa. Y. Dem. VI, 2i d 
top ffTYn hV 'a a mass of olives from the vat; a. fr. 

fcOtQSja ch. same.-PZ. ijasa. Snh. ll b (Eashi "WaSa) ; 
Tosef. ib. II, 6 .ijawaj Y. ib. I, 18 d top; Y. Maas. Sh! V, 
56 c top. 

nSB^D f. (t)as II) wrap. Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. V, 4. 

'vsrQj wjpyaj v. iwo. 


XI^D, W^y.'RSB.JUnsa. 


TS>D m. (b. h.; \®s) cloak, robe. Buth R. to IV, 8 (ref. 
to I Sani. XV, 27) "ia bttJ ftisa whose cloak (did Samuel 
seize and rend)?; Midr. Sam. ch. XVIII; a. e.— Esp. the 
high priest's robe. Yoma VII, 5. Zeb. 88 b ; Arakh. 16 a ; 

^VUy fcO^D ch. same. Targ. I Sam. II, 19. Targ. 
Ex. XXVIII, i; a. L-Pl. yV^Sa. Targ. Ez. XXVI, 16. 

T\TS[S2 f. (tea; b.h. tea) false dealing, bad faith. 
Sifre Num'. 7 (ref. to Num. V, 12, sq.) M119 131 te 'a ilfi 
this (context) proves that ma'al refers to marital faith- 
lessness (not to pecuniary defalcation). Ib. . . . 'a *pl* 
Ipiffl sbst . . m''ilah everywhere (in the Scripture) has 
the meaning of false dealing; Num.B,. s. 8. B. Bath. 88 b 
'31 'aV KBfl tJilpil ill this one (who robbed a man) makes 
sin precede faithlessness (ref. to Lev. V, 21), whereas that 
one (who robbed the Temple) makes faithlessness precede 
sin (ib. 15); a. fr.— Pi hft"WQ. Num. E. s. 9 (ref. to Num. 
V, 12) '31 ittn 'a TUB why this repetition of the stem 
tea ?— JZsp.m"ilah,,the law concerning the unlawfuluse of 
sacred property (Lev. V, 15 sq ). Tosef. Me'il. 1, 5 -ja . .ViSrt 

'ail protects the flesh of the other animal from being 
subject to the law of m., i. e. no use made of it is 
considered sacrilege. lb. 8 'a T> KS"> is no longer am- 
enable to the law &c; Meil. 2 a . Tosef. ib. in, 2 'a -pTli 
ft^S13 .11 to what fund does this fine for mal-appropriation 
go? Meil. 12 a 'a i-P3 nix, 'a tpis the law of m'. applies 
to it; a. ir.—Pl. as ab. Zeb. V, S 'a dlDX the guilt-offering 
for mal-appropriations of sacred property ; a. ix—Wilah, 
name of a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta and Talmud 
Babii of the Order of Kodasbim. 

D^a,"j^a,v.!i ? a. 

. "pao, T%], v. hsa, asa. 

■ 11^' Tv^3 m. (b. h.;!© ; cmp. ^S) \) spring, fountain; 
source, issue. Mikv. V, 1, Ib. 3, y. Via, Ned. 41 b S3tn 'a 
a bubbling well, v. ttnja. Tanh. Thazr. 6^ 'a . . . "isiB ^3 
laSS ij&a for each hair ... a separate well (which feeds 
it).. Ex. E. s. 24 '3T'a n"3pn ,!S12 (not ■)■»»), v. rnsna. 
Gem E. s. 26 ; Midr. Till, to Ps. I, 2 i^a. . .lDaa'.the Lord 
held back his germinating issue. Lev. E. s. 32 ; Cant. E. 
to IV, 12 dilDtri -fts Qinn 'a 'a sealed well' (Cant. 1. c), 
that means the (pure) males. Yeb. 64 b dllS <a ; the well(in 
her womh) is the cause of the death of her successive hus- 
bands. Nidd. ll b ; ib. 35 b KIM 1H8 'a it is one and the 
same source (from which the menses and the blood at 
parturition issue);— PI. rWSa, "nsa. Ib. B. Mets; 87 a , 
a. e. 'a 131153 like two springs. Pesi_k.E. s. 42 'aft to ttni 
'31 iblB he laid dry all the wells (secretory organs) both 
his own and those of his household &c. Tosef. Sot. XT, 
3, a. e. na3ft 'a the well-springs of wisdom. Nidd. 28 b 
Wi3*Sa, ftirWSa his, her (the leper's) discharges ; a. fr. — 
2) (cmp. ftsa) inside, digestive organs. Snh. 81 b 'pp'TO IS 
WSa until his bowels are shrunk. 

. N3^?Q W" 1 ^ 6h - same ' hell V> wmb ' lowels - T *g- 
Ps. XLlV, 26 (VxSa II): Ib. XXII, 11; a. e.— Taau. 10 b 
hot. 'a dlttJa to prevent disorder of the bowels; ib. ll a 
'a DTOa "la&p he thought the reason for recommending 
short diet was to prevent disorder of the bowels (of which 
he- was not afraid).— -PL 'pS'TSa, "^Sa.- Targ. Ps. XL, 9; 

Jlb^D, Tl'DTDtl f. (&Sa, denom. of n&is) a paste 
made of flour on which boiling water is poured, contrad. 
to flB^rl. Hall. I, 6; Pes. 37 b '(Ms.. 0. ftDSan); Eduy.V, 2 
(Ms.M. ftOSaft); a. e., v. MQiVri II. Tosef. Hall. I, 2 XOiSaft. 

;: p^a,p^a,v. P w.. 

^"'S'Q X m. (pW) oppressor (=h. p»Sa). \Targ..' Is.' 
LI, 13^ Targ. Job. XXXVI, 16 (h. text IS). Targ. Esth; 
VII, 4; a. e. ' ^ 

'■■'■ fc$|? • 'J?Q II f. (preced.) oppression, distress (=ti. hj3iisa). 
Targ/ps" CXIX,143; a. e.-PJ. XnpiSa. Ib! CVII, 13; 19." 
Ib. 6 InpSa; a. e.— {Stp r "iSa, part; f. of pSa, q. v.] . 

JJ^D (b. h.; cmp. t^a) to crush; to dissolve by rubbing. 
Lam. E. to I, 1 ("TOh) )pVn UK ttSa they crushed an old 
man to death. Yeb. 34 b rvbsia, v. infra. Tosef. Pes. IT, 3, 
v. infra. — Part. pass. T^Saj'f. i"i3isa; pi. Di3Wa, yswa; 
niaWa dissolved by rubbing, crushed. Nidd. 22 b i"S 'a 
pmn a foetus which can be squashed by rubbing, al- 
though with some difficulty. Y. Dem. TI, 25 d top "Haiti 'a 
a substance pressed into a mass (as olives in the vat) 
is considered as connected, v. "fiaTl. Midr. Till, to Ps. 
LXXin, 4 ftaisa ed. Bub., v. t)ap.— Lam. E. 1. c. riD3 
■JiSISa (not plSa) the Passover of the crushed (crowded) ; 
Pes. 64 b 'a hb& . . . -|San31S5 when one old man was crush- 
ed to death, and they called it &c. Tosef. ib. IV, 3 1&333 
'a n&S...bsOffl'> the Israelites entered the Temple mount 
and it could not contain all of them, and they called 
it &c. ; (Tar. 'psS/ia the Passover of the crushers ; Var. 
•JiSla); Pes. 1. c.,'v. naisa. 

Pi. TjiWa 1) same. Nidd. 1. c. '31 pra VDSaa she tests 
the nature of the foetus by pressing and rubbing with 
her nail moistened with spittle. Y. Yo ma VIII, 44 d bot. 
iibh'n fist T|S?b -pis you must squeeze the core of the 
olive together (to be used as a standard of size). Yeb. 
34 b !l33pa S3S&Q Ian Tamar destroyed her virginity by 
friction with her finger; (ib. rvbsia brides acting like 
Tamar). Y. Sabb. XX, 17 c bot. ^saa (Bab. ib. 140 a inaa, 
v. nna). Keth. 36 b ; Gitt. 81 a .— Esth. E. to I, 14, v. 0"ja; 
a. e.-— 2) (cmp. ^la) to lower. Ber. 45 a ftlp Kllpn ^sa^ 
(Var. T\"9u\Sif.), v. ^a;. 

Hiihpa. t|Sann, Nithpa. TjSalPl 1) to be crushed, squash- 
ed, rubbed off. Y. Maasr. I, 48 d= bot., v. &6a. Pes. 1. c, v, 
supra. Tosef. Mikv. VI ( VII), 1 4 binsari \® *p3Sana ^m quot. 
inE.S.toMikv. IX, 2 (ed. Zuek. -paSana) they are rubbed 
against (and stick to) the garments, v. yi. Men. X, 4 (66 a ) 
t]|ani sliffl that its grains may not be crushed; a. e. — 
2) to be lowered, flattened. ! Nidd. 47 a , sq., v. f|3. 

Jj J/Q oh. same. Part. pass. ^Sa having crushed genitals. 
Targ. Y. Lev. XXII, 24. ' 

Pa. 'qsa same. Gen. E. s. 57, end; Yalk. ib. 102 (play 
on fi3Sa, Gen. XXII, 24) fasa crush them ; v. fara. 

2?D m. (adopted fr. Deut. XXV, 9) [from on,] tipper 
of the shoe. Yeb. 102 a 'SI 'a xbl 'a niax nynrrt the text 
says 'from on' (his foot) but not the cover of a cover, i. e, 
the upper must be immediate to the skin of the foot, v. 
XP13SS. Ib. ihl 'an.&Oam ainsib 3"X if it were so (that 
ybn, Deut. 1. c. meant 'to fasten'), the text ought to have 
read 'on the upper part of Ins foot'. 

~>D m. (b. h.; ^1S or ttS; cmp. ^IS) circumvention; 
fraud, adulteration, faithlessness. Yaik. Ex. 343, v. Q^. 
Num. E. s. 7, v. next w. 

~"D (b. h. ; dehorn, of preced.) to circumvent, defraud. 
Sifre Num. 7 (ref. to Num.T, 12) trllS "Q1 ^S 'a "Q. rtisal 
'31 does 'she was faithless to him' refer to marital be- 
trayal or to money matters?; v. n^Sa. — Esp. to makein- 
appropriate use of sacred property, to be guilty of trans- 
gressing, be amenable to, the law. concerning Si^Sa (Lev. 
V, 1 5, sq.). Meil. 1, 1 )m trtsia in using them inadvertently. 



i''ildh (i. e. they retain their sacred char- 
acter in spite of a mistake made at their slaughtering); 
Ib.ha'a pK it has no longer a sacred character. lb. Ill, 
2 1h3 pbsia &&1 p3H3 »}> you must not make use of them, 
but if you did, you are not amenable to &c. ; a. v. fr. -^ 
[Talk. Num. 765 IplBai tela, read bwa, v. VlS.]. 

J^D ch. same. Meil. 14 b Kfflllpa Vwapl that he makes 
improper use of sacred property; ib. 'ta'UB'Tpa ^Sta Xpl 
(corr. ace). 

&02?H, / ' 1 jQ m. (Vbs, infin.bsia; cmp. hx*>all) coming 
in, entering. Targ.Y.II Ex. XXI, 10 [read:] flip*™ ni»pa' 
nnnb his visiting her (for marital duties); [Y; I fib V«5>a 
read: fib. rrtspa or fi^p*5a (fr. bis)].— Keth. 53 a "wbsa 
">Tn my very coming in (with you). — Pl. constr. ^bsa, "i», 
'3>a.— XlDaffl 'a swwset [Dan.VI,15 ^Sajed.Baehri&a.j- 
Targ. Y. II Num. xxv, 4.— Nraffl-'a, T NH&&n ^aii) 'a &o. 
Sabbath eve (Friday), Passover eve &c. Ib. XXII, 28.— 
Targ. Y. Gen. XIV, 13— Gitt. 77 3 . B.Mets. 49 a bot. Keth. 
62 b 'SI sail 'a b? every eve of the Day of Atonement. 
Ib. 63 a ; a. fr. 

HtJSjQ I m. (part. Sif. of rite); ittiS fib?a Smoifce- 
JBa*«cr,'name of a plant used as an ingredient of frank- 
incense {Fumitory?). Ker. 6 a . Tosef. Yoma I, 8 (ref. to 
1,1)33, Lev. XVI, 2) 'S 'a 13 pffllB laba this intimates that 
he must add ma'ale 'ashan. [Ib. H, 6 ; Y. ib. Ill, 41 a l">fi 
'"S 'aa . . . ps">pa understood how to make the smoke of 
the frankincense rise ; Bab. ib. 38 a '$ mbsfib.] 

n^?D II m. (b. h.; preced.) ascent. ~ t a^1!A fibsa 
(b. h j pr. n. pi. Maale Adummim, Maledomim between 
Jericho and' Jerusalem. Tosef. R. Hash. I, 15; Y. ib. II, 
57 d bot.; Bab. ib. 22 b . 

•nbgg f. 

$J f. (b. h. ; preced.) 1) ascent, step. Midd. II, 3 
'a blithe height of every step; a. e.-^-Pl. rribsa. Ib. Su'cc. 
V, 4 'an ■™..niTvriri 'a IBS fifflan fifteen steps leading 
down . . . ., corresponding to the fifteen 'Songs of Steps' 

(Ps. exx to oxxxiv). ib. 53 a 'a mies wan *ih those 

fifteen (Songs of) Steps. Yoma 23 a bblKfi 'a : the steps in 
front of the Temple hall (Tosef. ib. I, 12 firiS); a. fr.— 
2) rise. Num. B. s. 15 '=1 'a Bipns >U3 'jfibsa the rise of 
the righteous is a rise without a decline; TO3 bit) inbsa 
'SlfiblSffl 'a Esau's (a Roman's) rise is a rise which may 
lead to degradation; a. e. — 3) degree, gradation, super- 
iority; preference; advantage. Yoma 44 a ; Num. B.' s. 7 
'31 p3 25^ 'a fia Tfi now, there is no gradation of sanctity 
between the interior of the Temple and the space . . ., 
except &e. Keth. 13 a , a. e. pOIYPa 118S 'a where priestly 
descent is concerned, they put up a higher standard 
(made the law more stringent). Kidd. 70 b ffli STVTfi 'a 11 
blpa this is the distinction of Israelites over converts; 
a. fr.— PL as ab. Yoma 44 b KtYiTttH 'a the gradations in 
sanctity are of Biblical origin (v. Kel. 1, 8, sq.). — 3) height, 
on high. Mekh. Mishp. s. 15 'a btt) pS the eye of the Lord. 
Tanh. B'shall. 23 'a'biB \U!!t (some ed. 'aiplU), v. fiisa.— 
fibsab a) on high, in heaven. Hag. II, 1 (li) 'ab na (Ms. 
M^a. Y. ed. ibsab) what is on high; Gen. B. s. 1;— 

Freq. ibsa, ibsab, ibsaki, 'aba,, v. film— b) upward, be- 
hind, beyond. Kidd. IV, 5 'abl natan la, v. pIS; a. fr.— 
c) (of time) further on. Pes. 50 b , a. fr. 'abl fihsafi.'-ja from 
the minhah time and onward. Ber. 26 b ; a. fr. — d) above, 
of superior rank. Kel. I, 2, sq. bfia 'ab of a higher rank 
(in Levitical law) ; a. fr. 

ftSDf.,, next art. . 

^D( n, ?.^Q),pl.of^Sa. 

"vSQ m. (ibs; cmp. bsj, nbisin) achievement, profit; 
good. Targ. II Chr. XIII, 2 T 'aVital2J a name of good por- 
tent.— Targ. Lam. IV, 9 'a better off.— Ber. 10 a !*bl p33 
lb»a (cmp. bsftba) bad children ; 'al 133 (cmp. fi^Jfi ch.) 
good children (Ms. M. ibsal 8911,'' v. Babb. D.'s.' a. 1. 
note). — Used as adj. B. Bath. 74 b 'a fifiba (Ms.M. Spl9), 
v. fiba ch. Ib. 'a xb is of no good. Keth. 105 b 'OT miBa 
^SB because they are better. Sabb. 129 a OTJaiffl fi^a 'al 
Ms. M. when lying in the sun is healthy. Keth. 62 b S152 
'ai pious and capable ; a. fr. 

&05?ZD c. (preced.) good, perfect, valid. Targ. Job 
XXXlil, 28 'a Sims the perfect light (of the hereafter).— 
Nidd. 29 a 'a iVl a genuine embryo. Gitt. 29 a bot.. 'a SB«a 
Wa valid divorce. Ber. ll b , a. fr. 'a tOttrt a more ap- 
propriate expression, opp. i"!315.» 131, v. rt3S. — ;Shebu. 45 b 
XnsaSJ Sfl 'a Has how fine an argument is this!; — 
PI. f. Nrp^JSa. Ber. 8 a '=1 'a i>a ijna one of those fine 
sayings of thine concerning &c. — [Targ. Ps. CXVIH, 20 
X^Sa, some ed., v. wtoaj 

5^n V 5!?Q f. (preced.) perfection, excellence ; improve- 
ment. Shebu. 45 b .'a "'Xa wherein consists the excellence 
(of the argument)?, v. preced. Men. 43 a 'ab i5rHB'?8' , i« 
Ms.M. (ed. ijonffl!*) if it changed for the better. Ber. 56 a 
'aV trb ntoaa, v. NriW'ia. Hull. 5 b m^n ,'a does it imply 
perfection?; a. fr. 

■JPSJIQ m. (b. h.; bbs) [bringing about,] deed.— PI. 
b'ttsai Midr. Till, to Ps' LXH, 13 hWl i^bsa his evil 

fcO!32?Q ch. same, evil deed. — PI. "btea. Targ. Ps. 
XX vlll,~4 Ms. (ed. -naiS) .— [Targ. Y. Gen . XLH, 9 ; 1 2 Ar. 


■' I^SJO, v. ntea. 

W?S%3 m. (bw) 1) entrance^ gate. Targ. Jud. IX, 40. 
Targ.'Ps! CXVIII, 20 (some ed. X^Sa, corr. ace); a. fr.— 
Gitt. 56 1 " rtb ni« 'a it has an entrance (for taking in food), 
opp. aepBa discharge.— PL SJibsa. Targ. II Ohr.' XXIII, 
14. Targ. Ps. LXXXVH, 2; L e.— 2) mostly pl. (=sbsa) 
sertiwp'. Ib. L, 1. Targ. Josh. 1, 4;— [Targ. Ps. XIX, 6 
toasa rtea nmxa Ms. (read nisbga; ed. only M-nixa).] 

. &<b^b3?D m., pl. constr. "'tebsa (bsb?) that which' is 
to be, explored, weak points. Targ. Y. Gen. XLH, 9; 12 

Levita (Ar. ifea; ed. KniSBa niilS). 

, : rib?Q, ISTja 'a pr. n. pl. Mdalath Wra< Targ. 


T.'INum. XXXH, 3; 37 (h. texiilb^bH; 0. some ed. ton 
jam; Y.II &&). 

J$D?2Q f. pi. (to) income. Pesik. B A s. 31 (emend, in 
ed. Fr.) T i>tht3B3 iSa sVl 'a "fla WCn xaailB a bad neigh- 
bor counts (his neighbor's) income but not (his) expenses. 

"I!QS?D m. (b. h. ; las) 1) standing up; niBlai 'a stor- 
my up and sitting down, halt of the funeral escort on re- 
turning from burial for lamentation or consolation. Tosef. 
Pes. II (III), 15 '31 'lal 'a ps no less than seven halts are 
made. lb. 14 'lal 'a niBJS^ lafiDlB blpa where it is custom- 
ary to make halts (on the eve of Passover). B. Bath.l00 b 
'lava iibnasarranged for her sake ama amacl&o.Meg.lV,3 
(23 b ) ri"n»sa rnnsn ... 'a 'pttJW "p8 we arrange no ma'amad &c. 
with less than ten persons ; a. fr.— B. Bath. 1. c. tflpa . .13ian 
■flaSa if one sells his grave, the road to his grave, or his 
halting place.-P/. HrraSa. Ib.nmiBlal 'a 'la )iT\W@ fit no 
less than seven &c, v. supra.— 2 j (law) presence of witnesses, 
judges &c. lb. 144 a hot. IHlUbUJ ToSaa in the presence of us 
three (the owner, the trustee, and the recipient). Y. Shebu. 
VI, 37 a top; Y. Gitt. IX, 50 c hot., v. 1*. Y. Keth.XIII, 
36 a bot. masan p&Bttn when her father made the promise 
in her presence; a. fr. — 3) post, a division of popular 
representatives deputed to accompany the daily services 
in the Temple with prayers, and also a corresponding 
division in the country towns, answering to the divisions 
(guards, v. la«3a) of priests and Levites. Taan. IV, 2 ^S 
'31 'a .intl naffiai latoa bs corresponding to every guard 
was, a post of priests, Levites and Israelites stationed in 
Jerusalem. lb. 4 'a in "pN no prayer meeting of the 
ma'amad tool; place.— 'a ittJJK, v. «SiS8; a. fr.— PI. as ab. 
lb. 2 'a p ibfit this is the origin of the mdamadoth. lb. 
27 b , a. e. 'a s6abx but for the prayer meetings of &c. 
Meg. Ill, 6 nifflstlS ClttWaa 'an at the prayer meetings the 
first chapter of Genesis was read (one section each day 
of the week). 

TQ§D m. (las II) support, frame. Sabb. 60 a ; 15 b 
'afl 1HK -\)>V\ isn (in levitical law) everything depends 
on the nature of the support (e. g. the seal is judged by 
its setting, the ladder by its frame). Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. 
II, 5 'a^> a piece of a web which can be used for the 
weaver's frame, v. SiViU — PL y"paSa. y. Yeb. XII, 1 2 d top 
'J'S hlli 'a the main body of the shoe made of wood. Y. 
Sabb. VI, 8 b Tniasa "ifi8 it depends on the nature of its 
supporters (i. e. the parts which keep the framework in 
position; (Bab. ib. 60 a VWia&a; Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. Ill, 
13 DtnViDl-i). 

D 1 fiUVH m. pi. (b. h. ; pas) depths. Ab. d'B. N. ch. Ill 
nVlsa i)sas*i WTffiO when I went down to the depths 
of the abyss, 

"pQ, Lev. B. s. 32 rasaha, v. asa. 

T]y$12 m. (b. h.; S159 I) answer. Midr. Till, to Ps. VIII 
'a lb IXSa fcO= they knew not what to answer him. 

<u!yQ f. (b.h.; preced.) 1) turn of the plough, furrow, 
furroiPs length. Tosef. Hull. IV (V), 6. Ohol. XVII, 2; 

a. e. — 2) (perh. flWam.) handle Of the plough; coulter. 
Tosef. Shebi. Ill, 20 'a rib -patJi 8*>1B inbni; Y.ib. IV, 
35 b bot. 'an PiK -|ia&">' K*stt) "Dtal provided that (in training 
the cow for ploughing) he will not press the coulter (so 
as to make the appearance of real ploughing). 

"pS!P, l" 1 ??^ m. 05? x ) aM #« r A -0 "* cto «*- Tar g- 
O. Deut. XVIII, 10 'Sa ed.Berl. (oth. ed. '»a, l.aiSa).— 
Pi. BPMSa, "(iMSa, '»a lb. 14 'Sa ed. Berl. (oth. ed. '?sa, 
srosisa). • ■ • ■ 

N1 T &?q, v. sotoa. 

SnlB§Z3 y. K-TMa. 

nniSSQ, ET]£)!?D f. (denom. of IBS) [duster,] apron, 
any garment for the protection of clothes. Zeb. 94 b ; Hull. 
123 b 'a "H3 enough to be used as an apron. Sabb. 9 b 
'31 'a tT^ittJa from the time he puts the hair-cutters' wrap 
upon his knees. Ib. '31 iPnBSa ttTSiffla (Bashi: irniBSa) 
from the time he shakes his wrap off (to prepare for 
bathing). — Esp. a travelling cloak with a hood (cmp. Sm. 
Ant. s. v. Cucullus), also a short cloak with a hood (pal- 
liolus). Tosef. Meg. IV (III), 30 '31 'an tflBS for one wrapt 
in a travelling cloak, a birrus .... it is unbecoming to 
read &c. Sifre Deut. 234 '31 fc6lB'ab BIB exclude a mdafo- 
reth with which one cannot cover his head and the larger 
portion of his body; Yalk. ib. 933 (not'SlSa). Y. Ter. VII, 
44 d hot. itn&sa. Sabb. 120 a ; Y. ib. XVI, 15 d (one of a class 
of clothes permitted to he saved on the Sabbath). Lev.B. 
s.2; Pesik. Shek., p. 17 a . — PI. ni^BSa, tYiinSSa. Ib. 

1S?D m. (denom. of IBS) pitchfork for the first stage 
of winnowing (to remove dust &c), v. ISSa. 

fcO&jJjQ f. (v. rvrissa) cloak with a hood. Targ. I Kings 
XX, 38,^41 (Ar. K-ilBSa; Kimhi StrYlBSa; h. text ISIS).— 
PI. l^BSa. Y. Sabb, VI, 8 b bot. (transl. niBBSa, Is. Ill,' 22) 
'ai ■paVip colobia and m. 

!K"H£$!2, Y. Bice, in, 65 d 'an ymm, v. k^bs. 

VnjDVU, v. miasa. 

«S)"lB5a, v. anasa, 

DTn£$D, Y. Sabb. XIV, 14 c hot., v. dTnBS. 

*n?Q m. (b. h.; 1SS to cut) adze. B. Kam. X, 10 ha 
'an iOSia fflinrtlU the chips which the carpenter makes 
with the adze; Tosef. ib. XI, 15. Kel. XIII, 4. Sabb. XII, 1 
(the stone-cutter's trimming adze). Sifre Deut. 308; Yalk. 
Deut. 942, v. b&&. Kel. XXIX, 6 niS'PSb blB 'aM the battle- 
axe of the legions. Tosef. ib. B. Bath. I, 7 ISSa (corr. 
ace); a. e.— PI. TlS?a. Arakh. VI, 3 (Bab. ed. 23 b y"lS2a, 
corr. ace). 

fcTppa, 'S?Q m. (123) vat. Targ. Is. LXIII, 2, sq.; 
a. fr.— Ai). Zar60 a (Ar. «lsa), v. it,^1.— PL K^SSa,, '35>a. 
Targ. Is. XVI, 10. 

^rrSS>D, 'Z^U I f. (preced.) press-room (=h. n^n 


ininian, v. na). Targ. Num. XVIII, 27 (h. text 3pi).— Ab. 
Zar. 70 a . IT). 74 b iJKFliasa my press-room; a. e. 

S^PT^D II f. (-13S ; cmp. n*iS5, KniXS I) meeting 
room, school-house. Erub. 49 a ; 60 a . 

p^D, p^Q (v. pla) to heat, stamp; trnsf. to scor«. 
Part, pi»a, f. Xp'lSa. Targ. II Kings XIX, 21 ; Is. XXXVII, 
22, v. pra. — Y.'Ber. II, i d top ^ TP* , Sa •jl5"'» , l . . . ihab 
to-morrow they will be with us (the dead), and now they 
scorn us (by treading on our graves). 

np5$Q m. (b. h.; ilpS to restrain) railing. M. Kat. I, 
10. Sifre Deut. 229 'an *|a 11D& not subject to the law &c. 
(Deut. XXII, 8). Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. VIII, 2, v. fifflp; a. 
e.— 'a rva pr. n. pi. Beth-Mdtikeh. Y. Maas. Sh. IV, 54* 
bot., v. TOa III. 

*"'!2 ! lp5Q f. (fpS) sting. Koh. E. to VI, 11 [read:] IK 
'a Sin IS irvoa Kin either a bite or a sting; v., how- 
ever, iniaat*. 

^rip^D, v. Kpisall. 

2"1?D m- 0>. h-5 SIS) SMW-Se*, WesJ. Brub. Ill, 5, v. 
am T B : . Bath. II, 9 raisa west of the town; a. v. fr. 

&0""$P, KD"l!?D ch. same. Targ. Pro V. VII, 9 aisa 
Sail (h. text dVais). Targ. Gen. XXVIII, 14; a. fr.— In 
Talmud Babli 'a the West, Palestine. Ber. 2 b '03 in the 
Palestinian colleges. Yeb. 117 a ; a. fr.— [Lev. E. s. 17 'a3 
lias, read NiaaiSaa, v. 331S.]— [Sot. 41 b 'a. 13 prob. pr. 
n. «.] 

FlfcOTPQ m. ch. == h. iaisa western, western man. 
Targ. Is! XXIII, 4. Targ. JoeVjI, 20; a. fr. 

"QTS>P m. (denom. of aisa) western. Zeb. V, 2; a. 
fr. —Peril. m31Sa. lb. 3 'a rVOIBX flip) north-western 
corner of the altar. B. Bath. 25 b n^lSS 'a pp north- 
west ; a. fr— [131S», Tosef. Par. Ill, 6, v. 31*iSa.] / 

&OiTl!?P m. (tens) whirlpool. — PI. constr. "^3isa. 
Targ.Vob XXXVIII, 16. 

Sin^D f. (b. h.; IIS, cmp. 'TIS) caw. Y. Ber. IV, 7 d top, 
v. rira II.' Sabb. 33 b datTlSab 111*11 go back to your cave 
(hiding place). Yeb. 119 b ; a. fr.— i-ft&San HlSa, v. n^B3a. 
— PZ. WilSa.' M. Kat. 5 b ; 


?P"13?D m. frfis) 6<wd ow which the baked bread 
is arranged (Maim.); rolling pin (B. S. a. oth.). Kel. 
XV, 2. 

HDll^D ch. same. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a bot. dSJa 'aa 
■jUld (not nai1Sa3) he who beats flax (on the Sabbath) 
using a rolling pin, is guilty of an act of the category of 
grinding (crushing the seeds). 

v^nsn, 'Tm, v. ^isa. 

3"H§P m. '(3*1911), diais 'a(n) who causes the even- 
ings to set, name of the first section of the night prayer. 
Ber. 12 a '31 'S 'a3 tltlD if one began the first section with 
ma drib 'drabim and closed with 'Creator of the lights', 
lb. '3 'a3 d*"& if he closed with m. 'dr. (in place of 'Cre- 
ator of the lights').— [In liturgy : ailSa (nkil) the night 

rO L?D f. (b. h.; 'rips) 1) arrangement, order, esp. 
pile of wood on the altar in the Temple. Yoma 33 a H3K 
'31 tnVilS 'a ... 'a Ttda Abbayi related the order of the 
priestly functions in behalf of the college . . as follows: 
the large pile comes before &c. Tarn. II, 3, sq. Tosef. 
Yoma III (II), 3 ; Yoma 45 a ; a. fr,— Pi. HblSa. lb. IV, 6; 
a. fr. — 2) line of battle, battle-field. Midr. Sam. ch. XI ; 
Yalk. ib. 102 mn 'a3 he (Saul) was in the battle. 

ti*01$12, Yalk. Gen. 115, read: diSISa. 

d'D'l^Q m. pi., constr. WSa (b.h.; *T|1S) arrange- 
ments,' ordinances, esp. nanba flns) 'a the regulations 
concerning excuses from the army to be proclaimed before 
battle (Deut. XX, 5—9). Tosef. Sot. VII, 18 on arriving 
at the frontier he says, riarf>a f.3 'a SlaUlb -tVi SalTO ia 
let him who hears (this) go to hear the proclamation of 
the priest of war (v. nittia) ; lalK ina nanba 'aa what is 
said in the proclamation before the battle? Sot. 42 b top 
rtarrba 'a "131 ISatt) listen to the words of the proclama- 
tion. Ib. VIII, 2 '31 'a 1*13 1*131 *p9aHD tf>K b3 all these listen 
to the words of the priest appointed over the ordinances 
of battle and go back &c; Sifre Deut. 193, sq..— V. *^1S. 

VT&Q, V. xsisa. 

fc$p~l?P m. (pi?) run, haste. Targ. Ps. CXVI, 11. 

Np"l!?P m. (preced.) fugitive.— PI. ^"m. Targ. Jer. 
XL VIII, 19 (ed. Wil. 'plSa; ed. Lag. Xiplisia). Targ.Y. 
Lev. XXVI, 36 iplisa ('ii'sa). 

iSFPSP, !"TST13?P f. ch.=h. hISa. Targ. Gen. XIX, 
30; a. T fi\. — Sabbl 33 b , a. fr.— Esp. burial cave. B. Bath. 
58 a b!-l13S1 'a the cave where Abraham was buried ; 
— PI. NJllSa. Targ.ISam. XIII, 6.— B. Bath.l. c. ',112a fTlH 
'a undertook to mark the burial caves. 

n£J?P m- (b- h- ; Uto) deed, act; practice; fact, event. 
Yeb. IV/9 'a ... niBSHl/lS until thy older brother takes 
action concerning her (v. nSTpll a. d*Qi). Ab. I, 17, v. 
UTia. Kidd.40 b , v. 1*1531!?. B. Bath. 130 b . . nain *pia*> -,is 
'ah na^ii ... 'a iaa fc&l you dare not derive a law either 
from a theoretical decision or from an act (of your teachers) 
unless they declare their decision a rule for practical 
guidance. Ib., a. fr. 31 'a a practical decision is a teacher 
(a guiding precedent). Yeb. XV, 2 WTO 'a31 and only in 
the same way as it (the precedent) happened. Ib. 116 b ,a. fr. 
• rtinttJ 'a dltBa on account of an occurrence. Ib. . .TTTO 
'31 'a mm . . only for the Jordan and for a ship exactly as 
'the event took place, they established the ordinance &c. 
Ber. I, 1 '31 1S31 'a it happened that &c. Bets. Ill, 2 rilBSa 

■• O^BM 

'51 b"13$a it happened that a gentile brought &c. lb. 24 a , 
a. fr. yirtb 'a you quote a fact which disproves your 
rule! Yeb. 70 b IBISa '»! 'a Iblna he (the uncircumcised) 
lacks an act and this to be performed on his body ; a. 
fr.— 'a ia»K (sub. bi&S) men in whose behalf miracles 
occur, saints. Sot. IX, ,15 ; a, fr.— rOila fitoa, CbS 'a &c, 
v. respective determinants. — PZ. b^tesa, constr. itaSa. B. 
Kam. 95 b , a. fr. BP &3 'a KH is it not a daily occur- 
rence? Tosef. Nidd. IV, 3 '31 -pllM 'a iSID my father 
brought the report of two precedents from Tibin to Jab- 
neh. Ber. 32 b niaiu 'a good deeds ; a. v, fr. 

* SDE5SQ m.flttJS) stronghold. Targ. Prov. X,29(Ms.'Ute>a). 

. llDSDm. (b. h.;, denom. of Ito) tithe.— 'n nalin the 
tithe of the tithe which the Levite owes to the priest 
(Num. XVIII, 26) ; 'a or "pmi 'a the first tithe belonging 
to the Levite; XtO 'a the second tithe to be consumed 
by the owner in Jerusalem (Deut. XIV, 22, ■sq.);- J 'J5 -'a 
the poor man's tithe, every third year (ib. XXVI, 12). 
Maas. Sh.V, 6;— PI. rYhiBSa (nrtoa).' Maasr.I, 1 
'aaa^nis subject to tithes;— Ma' asroth, Ma' User 
Sheni, respective names of two treatises of Mishnah, To- 
sef ta and Talmud Y'rushalmi, of the Order of Z'raim. 

" -anfeEn, t&o, "$n ch. a ™. Ta rg. Num. xvm, 

26 (ed. Berl. t>Sa); a. fr— Targ. Y. Deut. XII, 6 ^arntoa 
(collective noun).— PI. K^toa, 'OSa, 'sa; ttrntZJSa. Targ. 
Num. XVIII, 28 ; Targ. O. Deut.' i. c. piaTKJSa ed. Berl. 
(ed. Vienna 'WiZMa). Targ. Mai. Ill, 8 ; 10 ; a. fr. 

"fctSTtoQ, v. preced. . 

TtifiZ&B, v. sub 'a^Ba. 

^JEQm. (S5S) mafgi'a (plague)', name of an animal 
of which the lion is afraid, the Aethiopian gnat (Levys. 
Zool. d. Talm. p. 316). Sabb. 77 b (Rashi: a small beast 
frightening the lion with its howl). : 

^STnJ&Qf. (15BI) desolation. Targ. Is. XLIX, 19. 

^"HSQ, Targ. Y. Ex. XXII, 16 some ed., v. SailSa. 

}~©?5 f- (™?) 1) fl a 9- Num. R. s. 2 'a xifflil s-nas bdb 
Sasi for each prince a flag of a different color. Ib. 'a S32 
the color of the flag; a. fr— [K,rriaa. Mekh. B'shall. s.2, 
v. fl&ja.] — 2) (cmp. Lat.mappa, of Punic origin) napkin, 
towel. Ber. VIII, 3 ; a. fr.— 3) bandage around a scroll. Y. 
Meg. I, 71 d ; Y. Erub. X, 26 b top 'a Pto ■)■>!•«) "IBS a scroll 
which is not bandaged (so that the writing is partly ex- 

■ HUSH m. (b. h. nsa ; ha;) 1) mechanic's bellows, con- 
trad, to niBISffl blowing tube. Tosef. Bets. Ill, 15.— 
2).smithy. Tanh. Vayesheb 1, v. ■pS"'3— Gen. R. s.,84 nBlb 

mna nina, read: irasa, v. HB5. 

: ^ffiSD, rihlSD ch. same, bellows. Taan. 12 a 'a 
'SI X'oal belows full of wind (abstinence without merit). 

.'. «frS?, T. W. 

n71&lQ,n55a f. OjSJ) 1) dropping, throwing seed, 
Arakh. 25 a T> 'aa . . . 311 'td we assess the value of a" 
field by the quantity of seed. ..which it takes when strew- 
ing with the hand, opp. to d^lllttJ 'a strewing from a 
perforated bag or wagon drawn by oxen ; B. Mets. 105 b ; 
a. e— Y. Ber. Ill, 6 C bot, T* rfebaa with one and the same 
throw.— 2) falling in, debris. Ber. 3 a , sq. you must not 
enter -a ruined building for prayer 'an "5Sa because it 
may fall in. Y. Sabb. XVI, 15 d top 'an *Pa . . pV^a we 
must save (on the Sabbath) .... persons buried under 
debris. Pes. II, 3 'a 1"&S .nifilUB fain leavened matter cover- 
ed with debris; a. fr,— 3) (=>&Ba) downfall. Y. Ber. V, 
beg. 8 d drin "Pailfia b$3 'as Jeremiah closed with proph- 
esying the downfall of the destroyers of the Temple; 
(Midr. Till, to Ps. IV lAsaa). 

D^p^lSD m. pi. (v. JSp^BII) gliding, sinking. Koh. 
R. to VIII, 11 (in Chald. diet.) "fH? Tfb . . . fV?» SOaTn »n 
'a (some ed. 'piBa) those haughty ones (or Romans) go 
in, . . . go out, they never slip. 

fcUtljBH, MIT}!?!? (a feigned denom. of rPlB, v. 
fcOTilia) Iwillbe a pazih (a substitute for nazir). Y.Naz. 
I,beg.5,l a WlriBa (corr. ace); Ned. 10 b *O]rPBa (corr. ace); 
v. sM^wa. 

nBD.m. (b.h. ; fiBJ) blowing, expiring; fflas ttBa ex- 
haustion,. despair. Tanh. Sh'mini 11. — [Tosef. B.Bath. 
II,.17 naa, read with ed. Zuck. nrTm&O, v. filBh.] 

ISnSDm.,'^?inBD'f.-6h.'sam»;- ttiss nsa, nn?a 
despair! Targ. Job XI, 20. Targ. Is. XVII, 11*. Targ.Deut. 
XXVIII, 65 nn&a (ed. Vien. inea, pi. constr.; Y. ririaa).— 
[PI. T'ri&a. Targ. Ps. XI, s sniisxl 'a, v. nss.] '. 

^JjnDQ, v. xantaa. 

■jnsa, nnsa, v. srjBa. 

'"'taSQ, Sifre Deut. 43, v. I^TOIQ. 
") n t3S?2 m. v. 1B&. 

. ^"llDlDCl m. .(TBB) dismissal from school, reading, of 
Scriptures and prayers at dismissal.— PI. i^BEia. .Ber. 
53 b 1!T"lBSa pisa (Ms. F.'nESa .Kpl) at the time' of their 
dismissal with devotional exercises ; 'a p^S K>ia (MsiF. 
"(rib ^laJa Spl) not at dismissal (when they recite merely 
for practice). . 

fcfTP&D, NltaBD f.(IBS) divorced. Targ. Y. Lev. 
XXI,7; : 14.' T : " • r . ,^ .,;, 

n^Ttyn, 'b&D 0>. h.) pr. n. m. MepUbosheth, son 
of Jonathan, fabled to be a great scholar and acknowl- 
edged by David as his teacher. Ber. 4 a . Num. R. s. 8;— Erub.53 b , v. 353. . 


SD^DD, D^SQ pr. n. pi. Memphis in Egypt.. Targ. Jer. 
II, 16, a..e. (h. text ?)':). Targ. Ez. XXX, 13 6Ba ed.Wil.— 

V. G"ia?a. ,, , ',•',. * ' 



O^BH, v. &i§. 

D^tq, v. bi?wo. 

&OTDH, Yalk. Lev. 547, hISB ilB 'a, read: ttnSWS. 

?JSD inf. of T|SX. 

TODD f. (b. h.; telj fall, downfall. Gen. E.g. 17 rf=nn 
fll^lB 'a the beginning of (moral) ruin is sleep (laziness) ; 
Yalk. ib. 23 WftBa (pi). Snh. 39 b diSlBI *>1» 'jFftBa the 
downfall of the .wicked; Midr. Till, to Ps. IV, v. HViBB; a. 
fr.— PZ. inftao. Yalk. 1. c; a. e. 

■®D f. (b. h.; y^B) debauchery, name of an idol. 
Ab. Zar. 44 a , v. SITiWS^. 

nbbffl, v. nViaa. • 

J^FlbSD f. ch.=h. rt&a, a. nWfio. Targ. Ez.XXXI, 13 ; 
16; a. T fr.— PL NnVBO. Y. Taan. Ill, end, 67 a y$\ pin 'a. 
ruinous houses were there. 

JlDDD m. (MSB) vacancy. Toh. X, 5 'an Spa a vacant 
place! : T T \ 

''SSD, Gen. B. s. 63 tffflal 'a, v. ^BI. 

p3£D m. (part. pass, of p3B) brought up in wealth, 
delicate, fastidious. Targ. Prov. IV, 3; a. e. — Keth. 67 b 
ijsn "b*a 'a is he used to such comforts?— B. lam. 84 a 
'y\ 'ai ©liix WW one man is delicate and feels pain more 
intensely, another is hardened &e. ; a, e— PI. TpiBa,' .Ipi&a. 
Targ. Is. XLIV, 4 ; a. e.— Hag. 4 a sq, 'a iimsV'to' include, 
delicate persons (that do not walk barefooted). Sabb. 109 a ; 
a. fr. — Pern. KpSSa, XBplSa. Targ. 0. Beut. XXVIII, 56 
(Y. KpJIBa). Targ. Is. XL VII, 8 ; a. e.-PJ. m% JBa,!xhKp5&a. 
Targ. Lam. IV, 3. 

J$p3£)H i. (preced.) used as adv. in the manner of a 
nobleman- Targ. I Sam. XV, 32 (h. text irffirtSa). 

Ip^P* fc^P^P f- (preced.) good breeding; de- 
licacy, fastidiousness. Targ. 0. Deut. XXVIII, 56 ed. Berl. 
(Ms. I ilpSBna, some ed/lpSBfiK, v. Berl. Targ. O. II, p. 58; 
Y. NpiriB).— Pes.50 b son 'a dllDa it is merely because 
they are used to indulgence (idleness). Hag^smWa ran 
'31 Hannah saw in Samuel extraordinary tenderness (saw 
that he was a very delicate child). 

KPfclBD, v. papa. 

ODD, v. tJiBa. 

■ ribit>IDD, v. !*rf=&?a. 

fcCf^'OBD f. (SbB) trotting. Targ. Jer. VIII, 16 ed. 
Lag. (ed.' HWWB, Kimh'i htSibBa). Ib. XLVII, 3 (ed. Wil. 

n^DSD, v. next w. 

n^bB/Q f. fa?B) i) ptoie. Kel.XIII, 4 (ed.Dehr.5; 
Mish. T fed. M'iV&Ba; Maim, in comment, risBla).— 2) sculp* 
tor's chisel. Tosef. Sabb. XIII (XIV), 17,' v. Kapa. 

, XJ^'&Btlj 'S^Df, ch. (preced.) sculptor's work, en- 
graving. Targ, Pis. LXXIV, 6 rtb&ia ed. Lag. (some ed. 
'ibSa; ed. Wil. '&a), v. IBbi 1 *!. 

f &D m. (yaa to split) mat of reeds, bark &c; the poor 
man's mattress. B. Mets. 113 b in cases of seizure for debt 
we must allow '31 'al nt^al nc^a a (dining) couch and . 
a couch with matting to the poor man, contrad. to 2>Sa. 
Sabb. 84 a , sq. KeLXXVH, 2; a. fr. 

fc^S)D ch. same.— PL iSSa. Sabb. 65 a "nffln Wis fal 
and had mats for them (spread at the bottom of the river 
in which they bathed; oth. opin. put up on the shore as 
screens) in the days of Tishri; Ned. 40 b ; a. e. 

n>22&73 i. plane, v. rt&Ba. 

■ fctpfia. 

. fcOpBQ m..(pS5) 1) =h. SSia, coming forth; D^an 'a 
spring; (of a building) exit; (of troops) exodus, march, 
Targ. II Kings II, 21.— P/. ygpBa. Targ. Ps. CXXVI, 4.— 
Targ. Ez.XLII, 11. Targ. Num. XXXIII, 2 (ed.Berl. '6a; 
Y. ed. Vien.'Ba); a. e— 2) discharge from the bowels. Gitt. 
56 b , v. ssVsa.— V. KFflfSBa. 

^rj13p&H f. same, 1) source; mine. Targ. Ps. CVH, 
33. Targ. I Ghr. I, 23; a. e.— 2) that which comes, forth, 
sprouting. Targ. Job XXXVIII, 27.— Targ. Ps. LXXXIX, 
35 (Targ.O. Deut. XXIII, 24 nipBX).— Z) going out, leaving. 
Targ. Ex. XXI, 7 (ed. Vienna 'Ba). Targ. Ps, LXVIII, 21 
SJiafflS mspBa death.— V. next w, 

StfsTlpSQf. (preoed.)=h.nxi2^, \)discharge, excrement. 
Constr.npBB. Targ. Ez. IV, \2. Targ.O. Deut. XXIII, 14 (ed. 
Lisb. 'JpBa; Ms. 'KlipBa); a. e.— Sabb. 134 a nifipBa (13) 
its anusl— 2) expense", outlay. Lev. E. s. 34 'a 'jswn ^a (not 
XVh) who shall make the outlay? ; Yalk. ib. 665. 

; rpTiSD, v.ns^Ba. 

fcOi"©H m-fl-iB) wife's settlement— PI. constr. lyhsa. 
TargrY.Ex.'xXII, "l6 (not WBa ;'.(): ^nia). 

yCTTFGQ f.-pL'(nnB) loose threads of a tassel, 
/r%es. T Sabb.59 b .. 

- }"D"H!DH f.,, pLnfa^Ba CpB) = baa, press-beam or 
stone: 67* Ms. M. (ed. "il^a ; Ms.' E. 'ansa) ; Y. ib.' 
IV, beg. U c ; Tosef. ib. Ill, 2. 

iXT&l2 m., infin/of flB q. v. 

p|*lSa,m; (part. pass, of p^B) =pSBa. Targ. Y.I Deut; 
XXVIII, 54.—P<;«*.!*p? , -tBa, snpJ-iBa. Ib. 56 (not Spi^Ba. 
Ar. sm-'pJ'iBsi), — PI. KnpS-iBa' Targ. Y. Num. XXXI, 50, 

TlpDm. (S-to) upsetting; 'aV(adv.; cmp. *jfci-i) 1) »•- 
regularly, out of order. Meg. II, 1 "ab . . . KTiph he who 
reads the Book of Esther in an irregular way (corresp, 
to ItJI-it), ib. 18 b top). lb. 17 a (ref. to Esth. IX,27) Biat na 
&& 'aV dans Sqx tib 'zib as you cannot disregard the order 
of these days in celebrating their season, so you must not 
transpose the order in which the events of these days 
are described. Ib. (ref. to Esth. IX, 28) i6 'ai rpilBS na 
it.b 'ab JTWt t)K as you cannot subvert the celebration, 
so you must not subvert the order of recitation. Ber. 
13 a ; Sot. 32 1) ; a. e. — 2) backward, retroactively, retro- 
spectively, opp. fcanVl •jfcOH. Snh. 27 a i6B5 Kin 'als he be- 
comes disqualified as witness retroactively, i. e. his tes- 
timonies are invalidated from the time that he perjured 
himself (opp. XanVl "pTa, v. X3 III). Erub. 37 b , sq. . . XSail 
"ab and the retroactive result would be that he drank 
untithed .wine at the time; Y. Dem. VII, 26 b WS^. 
Y. Gitt. Ill, end, 45 b fain rtfflSS Kin ISISai is it to' be 
considered as sour wine at the time, i. e. from the day 
that he was bound to examine it? Tosef. Sot. XI, 9 ;.ma 
'ab . . count thirty-three days backward. Gen. E. s. 49 
'ab "p itin take up the argument going back gradually 
(from fifty to forty-five &c); a. fr. — Tosef. Ber. IV, 19, sq. 
'ab "p3b to say the blessing after meal, opp. nbr1Fl3(b); 
Pes. 101 b . 

NftSHSQ f. (SIS I) tearing open, esp. (sub. !T3) the 
place of the abdomen which the butcher strikes when 
tearing the peritoneum. Hull. 50 b (expl. iai3Bn 013) 'a 
(some ed. iWTBa). 

p"!&Q m. (pne; cmp. p^) joint. —PL constr.. ipj-tera. 
Naz. 52 b '21 Bill 'a the joints of arms and legs. 

nj5"?jSD f. (b. h.; preced.; cmp. Knipax) [that which 
branches' off,] neck, nape. Hull. I13 a Oi nnp'isa laifflri 
he who breaks the neck of a slaughtered animal before 
it is dead. Zeb. 65 b 'al mw "]htn he cuts (with his nail) 
the spinal column and the nape; Hull. 21 a ; 28 a . Ib. 10 b 
(in Chald. diet.) QiaaiK 'aT B2S3 the knife may have been 
notched on striking the neck-bone; a. fr. 

lERSDQ m. ('iB) one who undertakes a voyage. Gitt. 
VI, 5 '31 XSlini 'an one who starts for a sea voyage or 
a caravan journey. — PZ. ' tlitthBa. —Bin ilB*lBa, Biai. 'a 
sea-farers. Y. Sabb. II, beg. 4 c j 'a. e. Bi»i 'a b' 3 b5> inim 
I went around inquiring of all sea-faring people ; (Bab. 
ib. 20 b xai inins).— [In later Hebr. 'a commentator.] 

^SV&Q5SD f. (al»B; v. BTOiB) stretching out hands 
and feet, prostration at prayers (=h. nilHMJn). Y. Ab. 
Zar. IV, 43 d top '=1 KKJIISI SttiiSm 'a 'the 'prostration 
on fast days (that it must not he done on stone floors, 
v. ib., a. Meg. 22 b ), and the arrangement of the calendar 
with regard to the seventh day of Succoth (that it should 
not fall on the Sabbath), v. KM*]?; Y. Shebi. I, 33 b bot.; 
Y. Succ. IV, beg. 54 b 'IDHUSa, * ' ' 

nn&D-m,(b.h.; «*) opening, entrance. Mikv,VIII,l 
'ab pn"(Var< nh&b) outside of the (town) gate; Tosef. ib. 
VI, 1 (R. S. to Mikv. 1. c. nnS).— Pesik. B. s. 37 "PrlBlB nt-iSa 

'31the opening of his lips is blessing and peace. Sabb.XV,2 
(1 ll b ) nplbfi 'a (Y. ed. ihrlBa) the neckhole of her shirt; 
Y. ib. 15 b ; a. e.—Pl. BWSa, constr. ilnPiSa. Ber. 61 a bot. 
abn 'a ija) "|13 . . Mall Y'ni man's evil inclination resembles 
a fly and is seated between the two valves of the heart ; 
Yalk. Koh. 979 ; Yalk. Gen. 38— plbh 'a, v. supra. 
rFEO ch. same, opening. Targ. Ez. XXIX, 21. 

n?©2 m. (UPS, Pi. 2) 1) engraver, sculptor. —PL 
mntiBa. kei. xxix, b tna» innaa bis napa the sculp- 
tors' mallet (contrad. to Mn& stone-cutter). —2) seal-ring. 
Tosef. Sabb. IV (V), 11 USaSsaiB 'a; Sabb. 62 1 ' MTatt) 'a 
(corresp. to snin mbs> tt)*>iu nsaa, ib. VI, 3). 

n?iDa, ir?p : Q c . (b.h. ; nna) %. Kei. xiv, s, 

v. najoix. Been. 45 a . Taan. 2 a , sqJ; a. fr. — PI. ninnSa, 
niniRSa! Tarn. Ill, 6. Taan. 1. c; a. fr. . 

J^n^lpD ch. same. Targ. Jud. Ill, 25. Targ. Is. XXII, 
22. Targ. Y. Deut. XXVIII, 12; a. e — Y. Bets. I, 60* bot, 
v. ynsalbB; a. e.— Midr. Sam. ch. VH '31 >lia3 31m 'a 
the key (of the College, i. e. Resh Lakish, the chief arguer, 
v. infra) is in Migdal Z.; Y. Hpr. Ill, beg. 47 a 'a 13X1 (=1X1 
*in) and where is the key ? ; Y. Snh. II, 20 a top (incorrect 
version).— PL "jiriinBa, KjrttiBa, ni*n . . . Targ. Y. Deut. 1. 
c— Y. Sabb. XIX, 16 d bot.— Trnsf.WlBa X135, o'rrflTBBa 
a scholar that opens the discussion, arguer. Y. Sabb. I, 

3 a bot., a. e. 'a 'i Xim pst nib we must not heed 

what is reported in behalf of B. Shesheth, for he is an 
arguer, i. e. brings matters up for mere argument's sake ; 
Yalk. Ps. 735 'a jtiiim (read: Sinn). 

"JiTlDQ m.(h.h.)threshold. Ab.Zar.41 b ;Y.ib.III,42 d top 

'31 nniV'aa isns (sub. nfflllp) they revered the threshold 
more than the Dagoh; a. e — PI. m'inBa. Ib. IBS bxllIJi 
'a na3 the Israelites worshipped many thresholds. 

Tfa8533, > -KSSo. 

KID, ^D,v.i^al. 

fcGSD m., ^FQiKQ f. (SS5) plant, set. Targ. Is. V,2 
asa (edT Lag. asia).— PL xrosa. Targ. Mic. I, 6 hasa (ed. 
wa. naaa, ed. Lag. nasa). " ' 

H1322Q f. (b. h. ; 32i) array, general assembly. Tanh. 
Nitsab. T l (ref. to Deut.'xXIX, 9) '31 'a nffla 11*1139 na i33a 
why did Moses call them for a general meeting? Because 
they were to be handed over from one administration to 

rQSD f. (b. h. ; 32i) pillar, statue, monument. Sifra 
K'dosh. introd. (idols are named) Bnaw BrtUJ iSBa 'a 
matsebah, because they are made to stand. Sifre Deut. 
146 (ref. to Deut. XVI, 22) '31 namiSffl 'a nal if the erec- 
tion of a pillar which was loved (of the Lord) in the 
fathers, is hateful in the descendants &c. Y. Ab. Zar. IV, 
44 a top 'a imrstf, v. i^ini ; a. fr. 

&*rPD!ffi3, v. sniaiaa. 
TXD, pi. m'-Ka, v.rnwo. 

KW2 1, S^ril^Q f. fflS) netjrap. Targ.Jer.XLVIII, 

43. Targ. Ex. XXXVIII, 4 (Y. some ed. WVlxa, corr.acc; 
h. text nffl-i) ; a. fr.— PL yrm, XTftSa. Targ. Is. XIX, 8, 
sq. (ed. Wil. fiSa). Targ. Koh. VII, Ve 'jn'lSa.— Y. Sabb. 
XIII, 14 a bot.; Y. Bets. Ill, 62 a top "WVHB*! 'a by rYTOXa 
are meant woven nets (not traps). — V. XFr'plXO. 

5tf"tSQ II m. (11X; v. itS'-fiXa) /brf, stronghold.— PI 
8*TSa. Yarg. I Sam. XXII, 4, sq. '(ed. Wil. tt'TO). Targ. 
Ez. VII, 7; a. e. 

S7TTCD f. (preced. wds.) 1) net, v. sma. — 2) fort. 
Targ.Ysam". XXIV, 1 (h. text Wfixa); a. e.— Pi xnil'ixa, 
KrYixa. Targ. Jer. XIiVIII, 41.— V. KPfMXa. 

iTTSD, v. ^a n. 

nHQ f. (b. h.; fXa) 1) [dry, pressed bread,] unleaven- 
ed bread, esp. £Ae 6rearf served at the Passover meal. Pes. 
X, 3. lb, 5 'SI 'a Hb&..."iaN itblB ?S whoever does not ex- 
plain, at the meal, the following three ceremonies, has not 
done his duty, and these they are : the Passover sacrifice, 
the eating of matsah and the bitter herbs. Men. V, 1 b3 
'a niNS milJafl all meal offerings are offered in an un- 
leavened condition, opp. "pari. Pes. 35 a . . DiXSn QVH1 
'a3 main ff -pa XX-P ms.! one performs his duty of 
eating matsah (on the first Passover night) with such things 
only as are capable of leavening (the five species of 
grain); a. fr.— Pi rYlSa. Mekh. Bo, s. 8 'a ?S iax SallU 
Safflaa I might think anything, unleavened is included 
(may be used for eating on the first Passover night) ; a. 
fr. — 2) 'an lis, or 'a a hide not tanned by a process of 
fermentation, untanned hide. Kel. XVII, 15. Gitt. 22 a ;, 
Sabb. 79 a '31 'a in rffflS nil)?© there are three kinds of 
hides, matsah &c, v. K'inS'H. lb. '31 ISafflai 'a m. is what 
its name implies, not salted and floured nor tanned with 

"2TW2 m. (b. h.; ana) a bright metal; 'a niDhi (i»TO) 
bronze. 'Targ. II Chr. IV^ 16 'a ©ni (h. text pna nfflni).— 
Y. Succ. V, 55 d top; Arakh. 10 b (quot. fr. Ezra VIII, 27) 

HD, v. grata. 

njlXQ m. (SXi) pyramid, pyramidal pile. Y. B. Mets. 
II, 8 b , T sq., v. K&i£np. 

'liniSa, 'U n £> Pi-M'tsubah (Maasub, Neub. 
GeogrT p. 22), in the district of Tyre. Y. Dem. II, 22 d top 
(ed. Krot. naiXa ; Tosef. Shebi. IV, 9 !*a">X KB1B). 

srpnisa i., P i. an" T n to } (v.a^) tufts <* arums. 

Sabb. T 105 a (expl. Wfp) 'a (Ms. 6. "*aixa, v. Babb. D. S. 
a. 1. note 6) the thrums or slips to which the threads of 
the warp are attached. Ib. b "*SlSa tpblB Ms. 0. a. Bashi 
(ed. arv^asa; Ms. M. snasa; Ms. Alf. Kma&o, v. 3">c) 
pulled the thrums (of his garment, to indicate his anger). 
— [2) (v. xa' 1 S II) dry twigs, chips. Succ. 29 a Kp^T Nrx 
'a Vabaa stpi Ar. (ed. xnia^x *ima stpi; Ms. M. 1 surtax; 

2 StrWX; ed. Pes. a. oth. ^X) a wind came and stirred up 
the withered twigs of the covering of the Succah. 

■ roiffiQ, v. naixa. 

SiOtlED m. (SS^) stalk.— PI. K*JiXa, K^aixa. Targ. Y. 
3en. XL, 10 (not STSixa).' Targ, Y. I ib. 12 (h, text 'iilffl). 

= KnxalI.— PI. i^ixa, sonixa, 
. Targ. Ysam. XXII, 4, sq.ed.Wif. 


'ixa. Targ! Koh! IX, 1< 
(v. Wixa II). 

nlnHD f. (b. h.; 11X) hunting apparatus, net, trap; 
bow. x Eei. xxi, 3, v. mm. ib. xv, 6 niVinn riTiisa a 

trap for weasels. Sabb. 43 b '03 njfflSi NPffl he must not 
spread the mat so as to form a trap (for the bees). Esth. 
B. to III, 2 (ref. to Ps. CXL, 6) '31 n"lK "6 Wi& 'p the 
nations laid a trap to ruin me, saying to me, worship 
idols &c. Ab. Ill, 16 'SI ?S npriB 'a a net is spread over 
all the living (none can escape divine judgment); a. e. — 
Ber. 9 b ; Pes. 119 a trtn na ySKlU IT 'as Ms. M. (v., Babb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 30) like a net without fish; (oth. vers. 
1-11. . 'as. like a fort without provision; Bashi: like a 
trap without grain to attract the birds), v. nblxa.— PL 
nillXa. Tosef. Bets. Ill, 1; Y, Sabb. XIII, uVbot.; Y. 
Bets. Ill, 62 a top Hhxa; a. fr.— [Y. Erub. IV, 21 d bot. 

v. n-owa, a. )*pz. 

rVP2TKQ, Tosef. Bekh. V, i 

fctSTllXD f. ch.=h. n/flxa, 1) net, trap. Y. Kil. I, 27 a 
bot. '31 ftWiXa sans D'lS ton herewith Kahana laid 
his net for Besh Lakish and caught him ; Gen. B. s. 7, 
end (some ed. n"*TOa); a. e.— 2) stronghold.— PL strmxa. 
Targ. Jud. VI, 2 (ed. Lag. Ktttfixa). V. xmxa. 

H12H2 f. (b.h.; nia) command, esp. religions act, mer- 
itorious deed. Hull. 141 a , a, fr. 'a "oH 1 ? fov a religious 
purpose, opp. frWin "131?. for a secular or religiously in- 
different purpose.— 'a nan?a v.narta.— Ab.IV,n hns'a 
one good deed, opp. ma? sin. Ib/'a 'a 13U5 the reward 
of a good deed is another good deed, v. Tna. Ib. II, 1 'a 
n?p a light command (obeyed with little sacrifice); .Ned. 
39 b ; a. fr. — iTVOSS nsan 'a a religious act achieved 
through a wrong deed, e. g. using an illegitimately ob- 
tained object for a religious ceremony. Succ. 30 a ; a. fr. — 
Y. Sabb. XIII, 14 a bot.; Y. Hall. I, end, 58 a 'a h'vas.'pK- 
no-sin is virtue ; nn^aS 'a ^X no-virtue is sin.— Zeb, 52 a , 
a. fr. 'a (sub. p*ip) an offering dependent on certain oc- 
casions as ordained in the Law, opp. nam an obligatory 
offering (at regular seasons).— 'a TlbiS*, v. "Htm— Y. Sot. 
I, beg. 16 b alSiSb (IS) 'ab maniX is this said only as a rec- 
ommendation or as an indispensable act?; Y. Pes. II, 29 b 
bot., a. fr., v. ai3iS.-Hull.l06 a 'a Oliaa because it is merit- 
orious; '31 Siafflb 'a 'a i»a what is the merit of it? It is 
nieritorious to obey &c. -Ib.-miBI K?S« 'a ttbl nam sb 
neither an obligatory, nor a meritorious, but a religiously 
indifferent act; Sabb. 25 b .— nias hlSa (abbr. Wo) a posi- 
tive command; niBSn S? 'a a prohibition. Kidd. 1, 7; a. v. . 
fr., v. Sana, a.-sft>, INK— .'a na the corpse of a person 
whose relatives are unknown and whose burial'is oblig- 
atory on everybody. Hor. 13 a 'a na dna SSS they struck 
upon a corpse ; a. fr.— M. Kat. 20 a 'a inn niBan the five 
relations (besides father and mother) Whom one is obliged 
to bury (Lev. XXI, 2, sq.).— Lev. B. s. 34 'a" ; i? )T\ give' 

me what thou ait commanded to, i. e. alms, v. next w. — 
PI. rVKSa, ■tTilXa. Mace. 23 b 'a . . . ni!*a !»!» six hundred 
and thirteen commands (positive and prohibitive). Y. 
Sabb. 1. c; Y. Hall. 1. c. (ref. to SnlSan rbx, Lev. XXVII, 
34) '31 'a "|ffllSa3 "(rVUBS SK if thou doest them as they 
are commanded, they are deeds of merit &c. B. Hash. 
28 b pan &6x yrfsS 131S IS'W 'a one violates the law 
by adding to the prescribed form of ceremonies only 
when executed in their due season (e. g. one does not 
violate the law by dwelling in the Succah on the eighth 
day). lb. ffl13 rl'O'TO )i& 'a ; Ber. 13 a '3 rVDilX 'a, v. hito. 
Succ. 39 a , a. e. '31 1(133 pVo 'an to the benediction at the 
performance of religious ceremonies must precede the 
act. Nidd. 61 b Vrsb nitoa 'a ceremonial laws find no ap- 
plication in the hereafter (e. g. a dead body may be 
wrapped in Kilayim). lb. 'ah "p ilSBn, v. "Hlffln; a. v. 
fr. — Ker. 17 b (ref. to Lev. V, 17) pip WllXa the' tradi- 
tional reading (v. BX) is acts (therefore a doubt between 
two pieces, one permitted and one prohibited, is required 
for a sacrifice fltol QUJS). lb. 'a fcO 1 ^ the requirement of 
two pieces is not complied with. 

rnsa o». form), wrnxo, snisa ch. sa m e . Ta r g . 

Y. I Num. XII, 16 .—Targ. Y.'ll Deut. XXV, 10.— [Y. Kidd. 
I, 6l b bot. «iiina? 'a ans, v. nraix.]— Esp. charity. Lev. 
B.s. 34 mxa plbs^ SaS to let every one distribute charity; 
a.e.— PI. pixa, Hrttixa, fWilsa. Targ. Y.H Deut. VII, 10. 
Targ. Y.IINum.l.c. T ; a.e.— Lev.E.l.c. n3S «1M1 5>iaffl N5X 
'a I hear that he is charitable. lb. s. 3 "Hpnzh !T>niS1 
'a 13 he desires to be called a charitable man. Y, Ber. 
IX, 14 b bot. '31 'a fSa ifna ia31B ©IIS ed. Lehm. (oth. 
ed. omit ilfta) 'a carrier Pharisee', he looks as if carrying 
religion on his shoulder; Y. Sot. V, 2p c bot. h*rj\12a *pjto, 
Num. B, s. 9 (prov.) STO&A TfTiB nimxab . . . JSSIfi a gate 
which opens not for good deeds, will open for the phy- 

^■W^SQ m. (denom. of ISa; ixs) wrangler,' hair- 
pluckerS 8a,hb. 152 a 'a snip (13) ed.' (Bashi SlfcVWiSa, 
Ms. M. KJSta) Baldhead (wants to be) a hair-plucker I, v. 

f*I7)XC! I f. (b. h.; VsS) [preapiiows declivity,} glen, 
shaft* fish-pond. B. Bath/67 a 'al m&Vih a sand-mound 
(for glass-making) and a glen (shaft for metal-digging; 
oth. opin. fish-pond); Arakh.32 a . Meg. 6 b (missing in edi- 
tions revised by censors, v.Eabb.D.S. a. l.)tveVlh « 1T<S1 
'ai (Ms. M. rVDin) and on the fourth side it (Eome) is 
bounded by sand-hills (clay-ground) and glens (or shafts). 
—Ber. 9 b ; Pes. 119 a (tM1) nil n3 •pXB 'a3 (v. Babb. D. 
S. a. 1, notes) like a pond without fish (oth. Vers., v. next 
w.); Yalk. Gen.<154; Talk. Kings 204; v. nilXa. Mekh. 
B'shall., Shir., s. 5 (ref. to Ex. XV, 5, a. Jon. II, 4) 111 f-jan 
'31 Mix 'ab Jonah went down into one whirlpool, but 
they (the Egyptians) into two ; Talk. Ex. 246.— PL nftixa, 
'ISO, Mekh. 1. c. WHS Ova sO>K 'a pKl m. means rapid 
waters; (Yalk.,1. c. '31 nblXa , ji«'l); a. e. 

JID'ISCJ II f. (?S3; cmp. rtisM) re/wse, threshed-out 
halms, husks &c. Ber. 9 b ; Pes. 119 a pi n3 'pxffl 'a3 Var. 
lect. (v.Eabb.D. S. a. 1. notes) like husks without grain.— 
PI. rriblxa. Tosef. Ter. X, 3 (Var. ed. Zuck. niViSTO), v. 

XSJ51SCJ f. ch. = h. rtissa I, depth, glen. Targ. Job 
XLI, 23; a. fr. — Pl. strtiXa. Targ. Y. Ex. XV, 5. Targ. 
Ps. LXXXVIII, 7 (ed. Wil. sing.). 

PISD, v. ssisia. 

mSlSCj f. pi. (nSX; cmp. b. h. hVTfca, fr. ni3) (also 
used as sing.) a tube for measuring distances, a sort of 
telescope. Y. Erub. V, 22 d top [read :] '31 1S>!»a1 'a svaa, 
v. 1U?"ia (cmp. Tosef. ib. VI (V), 13). Y. ib. IV, 21 d bot. 
'31 lb V*n 'a (not tYnixa) he had a telescope &c. (Bab. ib. 

43 b hiaiSB), v. ima. 

rPS^CJ f. (MBS, Pi.) overlaid mouthpiece of a musical 
instrument.' Kel. XI, 7 ; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. I, 7 HO^xa 

iSiSJSCI m. (yis) chirper; fcOltVt 'a [swo7ce-cAirpe» - ,] 
mefceVin the chimney. Midr. Till, to Ps. CII, 4 'a "prtS 
'nl (my days pass in smoke) like that cricket (ed. Bub. 
Ipil DBSiSa, read Yp^l, the cricket on the hearth, v. Bub. 
a. 1. note 14). 

d^Sa, ppSD (pa) mortals, v. ps;. 

SHlXO m. (b. h. Sixa; SIS) leper. Neg. XIII, 11. Ib. 
XIV, T i. Meg. I, 7 otorra 'a, iibla 'a, v. abn II. Ned. 64 b ; 
a. v. fr.— PI. WSIixa, "fSIIXa. Neg. XIV, "13. Keth. 77 b 
bot. to33 'a .px there are no lepers in Babylonia; a. fr. 

jtfSHlSD ch. same. Targ. Y. Lev. XIV, 2; a. e. ^ 

il^Cj f. (b. h. - nsa; nsi) quarrel, wrangling. Snh. 
74 a ; 79 a ; Keth. 33 a (ref. to Ex. XXI, 22) '31 nn^aaiB 'aa 
the text speaks of a fight with murderous intent; Ex. 
E. s. 1. Y. Naz. IX, end, 58 a (ref. to Ex. 1. c. a. 18) xbm 
'31 na^la son 'a ton are not niatsuth and m'ribah the 
same ? ; Y. Snh. IX, 27 a bot. ; Y. B. Kam. IV, 4 C top. Gen. 
E. s. 50 (play on HiBa, Gen. XIX, 3) '31 SiVfil 'a a great 
dispute arose (between Lot and his wife) about the salt; 
Yalk. ib. 84. Pesik. Vattomer, p. 133 b (ref. to 1SJ, Lam. 
IV, 15) n"3prf> 'a itos . . . ito ^ they did not go into 
exile until they had become contestants against the Lord. 
[Not to be confounded with flisa, pi. of naa, a. tXWz, pi. 

5*rfl!2Cj, HCJ ch. same. Targ. 0. Gen. XIII, 7 (some 
ed.'isa). Targ. Ps. Ill, 7 (h. text niaai !). Targ. II Sam. 
XV, 4;' a.e. ' 

nSCj m. (b. h.; nnx to glisten} forehead. Koh. E. to 
XII, 2 'an h ni%ni 'and the moon' (ib.) means the fore- 
head; Lev. E. s. 18 'an n njthl (Sabb. 151 b hni& 'it). 
Yoma 7 b , a. e. inxa b$ inns as long as it (the plate) is 
on the high priest's forehead; a. e. — Trnsf. effrontery. 


Tanh. T'rum. 11 tlBWl 'a bs 1B3b to atone for the brazen 
front, Kidd. 70 b 'a hTO, v. WW; a. e. 

StffUD oh. same. Targ. Y. I Gen. IV, 8. 

iTfr 302233, Gen. B.s. 65, end 'ab, read aabBSab, v.abx. 

^23, &2|Q (b. h.; cmp.iaa) io reac/j; to find. B.Mets. 
I, i nrwsa j?3k I found it. lb. 2 a jTinstsa i»a was "win 
'31 ffH*'l might have thought 'I found it' meant 'I 
discovered it', although he had not taken it up &c. lb., 
a. e. '31 i-l-H"* litn&a Pin&KSal 'and which thou hast found' 
(Deut. XXII, 3) means that it came into his possession. 
Gitt. IX, 10 mis latna 'a he discovered in her some- 
thing disgraceful (infidelity); '31 Hinx'a he found another 
woman handsomer than she;— '31 S)S . . -a WiSa na 
what do we find with regard to — ? So also &c, i. e. as 
in. the case, of—, so &c. Sifra Vayikra, N'dab., ch. VIII, 
Par. 7 '31 np^ba t)K . . . niBpna liiSa rta as when burning 
(the sacrifice on the altar) the head is separated from 
the trunk, so when pinching the neck of the bird the head 
must be severed &c. ; a. fr. — Part. pass. iBa, f. (WSS; 
pi. "j^isa; niiisa accessible, frequent; likely. Arakh. 30 b 
'ab BIB KSai 'and he find the means' (Lev. XXV, 26), this 
excludes the case of the means being accessible, i. e. of one 
who had the means at the time being. B. Mets. 27 a (ref. to 
Deut. XXII, 3, v. supra) '31 bSK 'al .liawi miaxiB ia that 
which is lost to him but accessible to any body else ; n"!13K 
'31 VSSfa SU^Nl liaifl lost to him and inaccessible to every 
one else (e.g. swept away by a flood). Sabb. 151 b IS fit!® 
'STjb'al KSia nnxffl do good while thou findest(an oppor- 
tunity), and it is possible to thee (thou hast the means), and 
thou art yet in thy own power (possessest thy faculties). 
Snh. 86 a 'ab. B113 XSai 13 'if one be found stealing &c.' 
(Deut. XXIV, 7), this excludes the case when the abducted 
and sold person was in his power (his own child &c). lb. 
ia1 ma "plSaS the case is to be judged as if they (the 
children) had been in his possession. Gen. E. s. 85 1BlDh 
massif 'a the note can be produced for collection, i. e. 
evidence can be found against us. Gitt. 2 b 'a fails j^S 
Wpb no witnesses are to be had to identify it. B. Mets. 
18 a 'a fYfli'WHB Blpaa where caravajis pass frequently. 
Esth. E. to I, 1, v. W. lb. (ref. to Ps. XXI, 9) "pi xnn 
"■pail&ta SIB 1 * 'a thou shalt have the opportunity of 
punishing thy enemies. B. Kam. 4 a 'a npilil the damage 
through it is frequent. lb. 60 a 'a nil an ordinary wind, 
'a nsiNB nil an extraordinary wind; a. v. fr. 

Nif. KSai to be found. Gen. E. s. 85 naraa ISSaiffi who 
are caught at a theft; a. fr.— Esp. to turn out, to follow, to 
result. Hull. I, 4 '31 Ittto 'S the result is, what is legal in 
slaughtering is illegal in pinching. Pes. 26 b "nab '31, v. 
lab II. Sifre Deut. 210 tii'iab WSai from which we can 
consequently derive.— Y.Pes.V, beg. lalK .MK'SraS 
thou turnest out saying, i. e. the result is, consequently. 
— lalb («SHS) ""SHin b!* (abbr. b"n!*) if you will say. Gitt. 
82 b '31W 1 !* lalb XSan bX if you will adopt the opinion 
of &e. Sabb. 136 a '31 iJibB b'TiK if you assume that they 
differ &c; a. fr.— Tosef. Ohol. IV, 12 '31.*ialb StSaHB» if 

Sif. tosan to furnish, provide with. Gen.E. 1. e. 
'31 n"apn 'ni leasts they (the tokens) had been lost, and 
the Lord provided others instead. Hag. 5 a (ref. to •jKSan; 
Deut. XXXI, 21) '31 SOsaa ia-1113 las what remedy is. there 
for a slave for whom his master invents evils and troubles-? 
lb. '31 "OS'b msa lb tfiaaah he who is ready to furnish 
the means (of his delivery) to the poor man in distress 
(by which the persecutor's greed is increased); [Eashi: 
he who has money ready for the poor man in extreme 
distress, instead of helping him to a livelihood in due 
time]. Arakh. 30 b (ref. to Deut. XIX,5) ^Saaba-iB KSai 
ia2S Fix 'and it strikes', this excludes the case of one- who 
brings himself within the range of the missile (after it 
is started); Mace. 8 a ; a, e. 

n SD I, Stf22D ch. same, to reach, be able; to master. 
B. Mets. 114^31 KiiSa «b nsaiiQ.I could not master 
four orders of the Talmud, how could I master six? — 
lb. 14 a , a. fr. n^b las iSa he may say to him. B.Bath. 
84 a "p ffflrt n^sa (nin) m£(v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.) thou wouldst 
not have had the right to retract; '31 WVSa. .snffln now 
that thou hast overreached me, canst thou retract? ; a. fr f 

Ithpe. ""SB* 1 !*, 'm [to find one's self] to succeed. Keth. 
62 a '31 1133 '"W N5 the gentile did not succeed in keeping 
pace with him. Ned. 89 b KSniab '»» xbl... BWl hetrjed 
his utmost (v. KS& I), but had no success in his studies; a. e. 

Af. SOSai* (with niffl&S,' or without) to place one's self 
within sight of an enemy so as to give him a; chance for 
reconciliation, to be ready for reconciliation. Yoma!87 a 
niffiBS SOSaa nin (v. Eabb.] D. S. a. 1. note; ed. HCSaal 
n^).— [Keth. 60 b S^Sfaa, v.isall;] -| 

"232, H2|Q (■JSSQ) (b. h.) to squeeze, wring, esp. to 
wring out the blood of the bird sacrifice., Sifra Vayikra, 
N'dab., ch. VIII, Par. 7 nsia Kin he wrings it; &'. fr. 

Pi.nsia, nsa 1) saine. Zeb. VI, 5,sq.; a. fr.— 2) £o 
pour out to the last drop, to drain: lb.. 64 b naai 3"(n3 ia 
'31 nSH^ (ed. punctuate irB&,JIif.) it does not say (Lev. 
V, 9), 'he shall pour out (the remainder) at the bottom 
&c.', but 'it shall be wrung out', which means; that it 
will run out to the bottom of itself. Ter. XI, 8. m^n 
nsrai (Y. ed. nsiiai; Ms. M. nsal) if he bent the vessel 
and drained it; B. Bath. 87 b (Ms,H. a. E. DSTai); ibiv,8 
(87 a ) nr>ai fWpln (Y. ed. naal; Bab. ed. nispal, Ms. M. 
Karai; Ms. E. nnsial). Gen. E. s. 85; s. 92 (play on, X$a, 
Gen. XLIV, 16) '31 nsaa XiniB nia as one drains a vessel 
and leaves nothing but the lees. Midr. Till, to Ps.' LIX 

(play on xsa, Prov. xviii, 22) nstaa K^n nsn naxnajs 
'3i imaa i^ia niaion (Va) ed. Bub. (ot'h. ed. ni;«a;aa,a.oth. 

variants) when the wife is bad, she drains all the good 
things out of his house and makes him poor; Yalk, Prbv. 
957 X-isaa (read: msaa); a. fr.— 3) (cmp.'ssa) tflTO 'a 
to measure exactly. Brub. IV, 11 (52 b ) 'paaa nimtDan ■)•« 
'31 the surveyors (in marking distances for Sabbath limits) 
do not measure exactly (but mark within the limits), in 
order to allow for mistakes. — Trnsf. to sound one's learn- 
ing. Men. 18 a Wfa nisjab to have my own learning 
examined; '31 V*Yfi">a 'ab to sound the learning of &c. 
Hithpa. naana to be wrung out; to be emptied, drained 

Sifra. Vayikra, Hot)., Par. 10, ch. XVIII; Zeb. 64 b , p-|iffiiTO 
IIS* 1 ? d^SaPia where the remainder is poured out towards 
thebottom of thealtar; [Ib.VI,4 (64 b ) 
HSSaa, v. Rabb. D.S. a. 1. note 50.]— Y.R.Hash.I,56 d top; 
Y.' Shek. Ill, beg. 47 b '31 ^Vb M'saria ■)!! ISO IS up to that 
time (the first of Elul) the latest . births of the old year 
(of those conceived before the first of Nisan) take place 
• &c. — Trnsf. (with 'jiaian) to be exactly counted, to be. finally 
settled. Y. Sot. I, 17 a (he suffers a loss by the death of 
his ox &c.) SlSatia •paaMlin and the account (of his sins) 
is settled; ih.; Num. B. s. 9 '31 KSISttia tTlX, v. S^XI; Koh. 
R. to VII, 27. 

''SDlI ch. same, 1) to wring. Zeb. 65 b dlb iSal )Tb\ 

'31 (not bn iiaal, v. Rabb. D. S.' a. 1. note 1) and since he 

wrings the blood out, he does the act prescribed for the 

■ burnt-offering &c— 2) to Such.. Sabb. 54 b raisail?, v. tity\ 

Pa.irin to give such. Keth. 60 b ^Sa mb trsaa she will 
give him (her own child) more suck. 

Ithpa. "'Sanx, Ithpe. "'SahX, ynp& to be wrung out, 
drained. Targ. Lev. I, 1 5 ; a. e.— Targ. Job IV, 1 2 ">sarVNl 
(Ms. isaTiW Ittaf.; h. text fatti). 

SS^D m. CSi) quarreler, v. SO^lSa. 

W1T2, Tosef. Sabb. VII (VIII), 1 'ai, v. :*i»a\ 

JH^ISD f. (KSa) 1) finding, discovery. Y. Sot. I, beg. 
16 b (ref. to' Jtsa, Deut. XXIV, 1) '31 dlpa.tea 'a "pX 'find- 
ing' means everywhere ascertaining through witnesses. — . 
2) something found. Gitt. V, 3'' t& 'a NSlatt the finder 
of a lost object cannot be made subject to an oath (if the 
owner claims more). B, Mets. 8 a , v. ttaa ; a. fr.— PL tliiOsa. 
lb. II, 1 '31 "rbttJ 'a lix the following things if found be- 
long to the finder, and the following must be published; 
a. fr. — Trnsf. precious things. — PI. as ab. Gen. R. s. 50 
(ref. to niNZtaWl, Gen. XIX, 15) '31 'a iniB two precious 
acquisitions, Ruth &c; ib. s. 41 ; Yalk. ib. 70; 84. 

S^riT^D ch. same.— PL ^30. Y. B. Mets. II, 8 c bot. 
'31 iasi"'a lina hTQlS nias he gains for himself the re- 
putation of one returning lost objects, and makes great 
gains; 'si 'a "nfia XfWa fi">S iah people see him return 
lost objects and give in his trust &c. 

rVQ^SD, Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. 


, 7, v. ni&isa. 

/T^D f. (Si2o) =^H"<a, wringing out the blood. Sifra 
Vayikra', N'dab./ch. VIII, Par. 7.— PI. rvfosa. Hull. 132 b 
bot. (missing in Tosef. Dem. II, 7; Men. 18 b ). 

nV^a f.,jp/. niV'S&a (b. h. nfea ; ^s> i) idu. 

Pes. 50 a (ref. to Zech. XiV^ 20) <3l "pVinia 'a £s all bells 
which they suspend on the horse . . . shall be sacred unto 
the Lord.— [2) (homilet.) shades. Ib.; Y. ib. Ill, end, 30 b , 

v. *>>* mn 

6 yaaB 

5<Dlb n i2Q f. (bsi), K^Sp nbisa tte washers' fork (?). 
Targ. I Sam." XIII, 21 Kimhi (ed. nbsa, 's^a; ed. Lag. 
tvibsa'; h. text Tm&p). 

■? n SD, ItfS^H m.(SSO) l)(noun)»»tdrffc,»wefef. Targ. 
O. Num. XXXV,5 S"iSa ed. Berl.(oth. ed. SOTSa ; Y. 5«>2">a).- 
Constr. S3a. Targ. Ps. XXII, 23 ; a. e— PJ. ysisa. Targ. 
Jud.XV, 4 ed.Lag. (oth. ed.^sa).— 2) (adj.) wiMe, aver- 
age. Ned. si b top R.N. (ed. swsi'a).— ttsisa saa. v.aai.— 
[&W3», Targ. Prov. XXix, 13 Ms., v. K-S3a.] 

JlN*? -»ZJ m. (preced.) lying between, central, average. 
Targ. Ex. XXVI, 28; a. e. — PI. \SS^a. Targ. Jud. XVI, 
29; a. e., v. KSSia.— JTew. xm^Sa, SrWsa. Targ. I Kings 
VI, 6 "i»ixa ed. Lag.; ib. 8.— B. Bath. 107 a &tre>i3» xrtsia 
it is the average (between twenty and thirty). — Esp. 
KttSiSa the middle clause of a Mishnah &c, contrad. 
to E*TB">*1 first clause, and SffliO the ending clause. Hull. 
94 b ; a. fr." 

-NriWSCI f. (preced. wds.) middle, centre; constr. 
rftfsa. Taig! II Chr. VII, 7. Targ. Ps. XXXVI, 2; a.'e. 

NX?Xa, v.taisa. 

Itf 2T22Q m., jpJT. constr. 1313a (f 3a) compressed; 5«iS 'a 
having blinking eyes. Keth. 60 b bot. ' 

p^SD m. (b.h.; p?3) oppressor, esp.Roman tax collector, 
v. pi£ra H — P£ dipisa, Tpi3a. Sifre Deut. 317; Yalk. ib. 
944 '31 fl3 lpiTniri!i) 'a the oppressors that have taken 
possession of Palestine &c. 

I* 1 !?" 1 ^ m. pi. (Chald. adapt, of h. dip!3») mortals. 
Y. Kil. IX,' 32 b top 'a -,1-110 rest now, ye mortals (it is 
Sabbath); Y. Keth. XII, 35 a ; Koh. R. to VII, 11 TRWB 
(h. form). 

■ n^b^Qj-v. Ks^sa. 

P^^a = '|l!3Si>3, cymbals. Targ. I Chr. XV, 
28 ed. Lag.' (ed. Rahm. "pVsVsi, Var. '3a). 

nbsa, v.wnvra. 

^^''D^SD, Yalk.Dan. 106.1 Xiirtst 'aV ",1-ip ^an (some 
ed. XiTteai) read: tfijaba ^Sb, there (Deut. IV, 28) the 

S^nQ^Qm. (nvtybrightness; neafn tmxtn noon. Lev. 
R. s.24 '(Ta'nh. K'dosh. 9 Diins). 

ftyiU (v. y3a) fo squeeze, suck, sip. Y. Ter. XI, 47 d 
bot. Vasab di-ibliiaa when they are too poor to be sucked 
out. Y.'B. Mets. VII, beg. ll b 'paSail diSNna t|bp"i t*W 
d^assa he must not peel (taste the surface of) the figs 


or take a suck of the grapes (and throw them away) ; 
Y. Maasr. II, 50 a hot. paSal (read: fasaal). Gen. B. s. 
60 (expl. rtsnffla, Gen. XXIV, 21, as if fr.' rtttlU) paSaa 
fia D^aal he sipped (the water which she handed him) 
and looked at her; Yalk. ib. 109. 

NBTEZD, 8^3280, 8B3S1G, v. Mara*. 

TD^D fi ( b - h -! v - ^ a - derivatives) [the bright head- 
dress^ turban esp. the priesVs turban. Tosef. Yoma I,- 10 
'31 blB itlBSSa i<215 he took the turban from the head of 
one of them, and they knew that the count for the lot 
was to begin with him; Yoma 25 a . Ib. '21 Vffl "USSa 'a. 
is there a turban (mitsnefeth) among common dresses (not 
used at the priestly service)? Ib. VII, 5 ; a. fr. 

KinB3Sa, NB^SQ, SMSD ch.same Targ. Is. 
XXII, T 18.' Targ.ExJxXVIII, 37 T . Targ. Zech.III, 5; a. e — 
PL •jB'yxa. Targ. Y. Ex. XXVIII, 4 (ed. Vien. IBpSa; Q. 
ed. Berl.' IS^Sa). 

$^02 (v. nsa) fo j»-ess, sgweeze. — Denom. SSas q. v. 

Pi. SSW 1) (v. iiSa Eithpa.) to be exact in calculation, 
to measure exactly. 'Tosef. Erub.IV (III), 4 nx ©Spa bttt . 
'21 blrtntt and if they (those authorized to lay for tiim 
the Erub, v. VCPS) measured the Sabbath limit exactly, 
(laying the Erub in opposite directions, each exactly at 
2000 cubits from his present place), he must not move 
from his place; Erub. 50 b ; Y. ib. Ill, 21 b '31 ns SS^a if 
he had the Erub laid &c. Ib. '=1 hX tlSSia (read siSSpa) 
if they (the partners) laid the Erub &c.; Tosef. ib. IX 
(VI), 12 M^a (read: 1SST0); a. e. — 2) (denom. of SJSa:*) 
to place in the middle. Snh. II, 1 iSSaa,v. nalaa. Y. Ber. 
V, end, 9 d )ran f-iN 'pssaa the priest is calied upon to 
read between the two common Israelites. Gen. E. s. 95 
'21 Ihltf QiSUaa Vft they took him in the middle and 
guarded him.' Pes. 1 ll a yttfona 8tVi pSSaa 'pK nffliffl there 
are three objects we must not allow to pass between two 
persons, nor must any person be passed between them. — 
Part. pass. SSSraa a) exactly placed (=1^=a); b) placed 
between- Zeb. 58* '21 lalSl 'aa nara the altar was placed 
exactly in the. centre of the Temple; Yoma 16 a ; ib. 33 b ; 
Sifra Vayikra, N'dab., Par. V, eh. VII SBaa. Ex. K. s. 2 
'21 SSaxa laiSI 'aa mill} who was standing in the very 
centre of the fire. Y.Ber,IV,8 b top TOBflaa STUB . . . nillS 
'21 knowledge is .something great, for it is placed between 
two divine names (I Sam. II, 3). 

V112 ch. Pa. sua same, to pass between. Pes. lll a "W 
tom i«a assa Ms. M. (ed. i-nnspn "wa pssaa i&ti) and 
if it (the serpent) passed between &c. (ed. and if they allow- 
ed it to pass &c). Ib. ma fiUiS* irt K5S3a1 ed. (Ms. M. 

Wto STiaSI ; Ms. O. 81XB1; Ar. s. v. ^3 : N3S1, v. 

Eabb. D. S. a. 1. notes 200, sq.) between whom a menstru- 
ant has passed. — [Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 a bot.; Y. Ter. VIII, 
45 d top WtiD S3ia0>), v. I'M.]— Part. pass. 32aa=h. SSlaa, 
v. preced. Targ. Y. Num. XIX, 4. Targ.Y. II Gen. XLIX, 
14. Targ. Y. Num. XXI, 13 SSaa (h. form). 

sag, jpxd, *.***. 

3?SB3 m. (b. h.; S3;) mattress, bed. B. Mets. 113 b , v. 
I'&a. T Ab. Zar. 10 b '21 'a "flai8Ji ">a Oh! that I might be 
thy mattress in the hereafter!— Sabb. 55 b WSa hs ba>a 
he upset her (Bilha's) bed; a. e. — Pl. hissa* lb. Nidd. 
32 b . B. Bath, 53 b . Hag. 14 b '21 JllSSla tllW'a (fem.) fine 
dining couches were prepared for you; a. e. 

82SED ch. same. Targ. Y. Ex. XXII, 26 SSa (constr., . 
not 5>ua). Targ. Y. Gen. XXXV, 22 (v. Sabb. 55 b quot. in 
preced'.).— Pi. psaa. Targ. Ps. CXXXII, 3. 

1S2T2 m. (b. h.; 1S3) sfojp.— [Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. I, 7, 
v. ISSa.]— PI. b^issa, constr. ^ssa. Yalk. Jon. 550 'ai 
"pro WW in is and the steps of every living creature dost 
thou examine.— [Arakh. VI, 3 (23 b ) plSSa, v. 13X>a.] 

&05>SP m. (SSa) oppressor, creditor. Targ. Prov. 
XXIX, 13 'a Kias (Ms. x;3psa, read 'ai o/ oppression; 
h. text Q122H tTS). * 

HB^Q, HSSQ (b. h.) pr. n. pi. Mizpeh or M«M 
( Watch-Tower). Pe'ah II, 6 'art aj\X the man of M. (or the 
governor of the Watch-Tower of the Temple). 

fc^££H2 (v. preced.) =h. llBSa, name of several 
place's. Targ. Josh. XI, 3. Targ. I Sam. XXII, 3; a. fr.— 
V. snftD. 

yS?Q (b. h.; v. y*a) to press, suck; to drain. Sabb. 
XIX,2 pssial and compress the blood-vessels of the wound 
by sucking. Par. IX, 3 HSSia sositlJ she (the dove) sips (and 
lets no water out of her mouth again). Tosef. Sot. V, 9 
'21 taiJO issial liatt he takes out the fly and sucks it 
out and eats the dish; Y. ib. I, 17 a bot.; Gitt. 90". Lev. 
E. s. 15 '21 ySia XlillB si not that the dry sponge drains 
the wound, but it protects it. Deut. E. s. 2 nsaa -p "pK 
Dial nniS yia hast thou not a ring (containing poison) ? 
Suck it and die; a. fr. — [Cant. E.'to III, 10 1B6G- nssia, 
read : nnaia, v. fiS\] 

f!SQ ch. same, 1) to suck, drain. Targ. Ps. XII, 9. Ib. 
LXXV/9 (some ed. 'jisaa"; Pa.).— 2) to wring, press. Ib. 
LXXIII, 10 pato Ms. (ed! phha; h. text KB^).— V. -pa, 

p22Q (sec. r. of ps;) to pour, east. Hor. 12 a ppsia 
'31 laUJ T (Ms. M. '31 "h ppiua, fr. ps;) they pour oil on his 
head; (Ker. 5 b p'iaa). Gen. E. s. 12 '31. pSia, v. bili— 
Part. pass. plSa cast, (poet.) mortal, v. pS\ 

"I22H I (sec. r. of. 113) to twist, make a rope. Y. Sot. 

"1SD ch. same. Y. Sot. VI, beg. 20 d ^isa, v. Ita. 

~l3»D II (denom. of 13a) to define the boundaries, to 
bound. B. Bath. 61 b , sq., v. 13a h. 

"12H ch. same. B. Bath. 61 b top '21 ^13a tvh 'ai 5"SN 
although he mentioned in the agreement the outer bound- 


aries of the land. lb. 'a 6&1 rtiV 1Stf>a*> Irrt Iffl he ought 
to have defined (the parts of the house which he sold), 
but did not do so. Ab. Zar. 70 b XJISap SJ1 112MX las lain 
Ms. M. (v. Rashi a. 1.) he may say (I stretched my hand 
over to the neighbor's roof, because) I wanted to measure 
the boundary lines on the roof; v. infra. 

Ithpe. ISS^X to stretch one's self. lb. ed. Xp ■nSBB'iX 
XJIKaa (notX12aa; v. Rashi a. I., a. Koh. Ar. Compl. s. 
v.'lSa ; Rashi Tar. XD12aa Xp i112aiX, corr, aoo.) I stretch- 
ed myself, v. MP ch.— [B, Bath. 6 b X31i2Ha Xp " , 1 !cn ? a > a 
gloss borrowed fr. Ab. Zar. 1. c; v. Rabb'. D. S. a. 1. note 
300.] ■ 

v 11112,1^12 m.(b.h.-,*r\Sl)l)narrow, pass. Hull.50 b 
(expl.iaiSBn 013) HB.aVi "ian ya from where the stomachbe- 
gins to narrow and downward (the animal being suspended 
with its head down).— 2) distress. Midr. Till, to CXVIII, 5 
Si-San 'lata 'art -,a 'out of distress' (ib.) alludes to Egypt ; 
Yalk. ib. 875.-3) a narrow path marking the boundary 
between fields, balk, ridge; in gen. boundary. B. Bath. 55 a , 
v. asn II. Y. ib. Ill, beg. 13 d ; Y. Kidd. I, 60 d top "ia **8 
DiTOa. even the. (common) balk between them; Y. Peah 
II,beg.l6 d . B.Mets.l07 a 'an *sS laisn iWt a tree standing 
on the balk. Ib. lVl3 'ail ^3 x^>aaa when it covers the - 
entire width of the balk. B.Bath. 53 b ixm'a ->xn piax "ra 

xin xsix ^xmi xsnx Ms. m. (ed. sin in xs>ixi 'a) do 

we say, this balk belongs to both fields (and taking pos- 
session of it means possession of both)? Ib. XIOSX 'a 
'31 XS1X1 (Ms. O. Xl&ia; differ, in Ms. M.), v. X16BX. Ib. 
62* '31 "jaw 'a the field which I sell thee is contiguous 
to Reuben's on the east and on the west side; a. fr. — PI. 
fa-ma boundary 'lines, bounds. Ib. 6l b 'a lis isatt) B"SX 
HiilS-inn although he denned (in the agreement) the outer- 
most lines (of the group of buildings or fields), amn 'a 
A he intended only to give an amplified description of 
the situation (not to sell him the entire group). Ib.VII, 3 
•msaai'he says, I sell thee a Beth Kor of land) 
giving its description and boundaries (and it turns out 
to be less than a Beth Kor); a, fr— Sabb. 118 a X^a nbn3 

. iSQ, WW2, 'Vt2 1 ch. same. B. Bath.5 a XSIX f» 
'31 'ax bought a field contiguous to the estate of R. — 
lb., a. fr. 'a 131 SO*i the prerogative of the neighbor, the 
right of preemption. B. Mets. 108 b a. fr. 131 X3">1 na rrt> 
'a the law of preemption does not apply in this case. 
B. Bath. 62 b , v. i&hS; a. fr.— PL ilSa, "B. Ib. 61 b , v. 

I2all. ■ y . 

HSiQ, !S"]^D, '12 II ni. (12a I, v.ilSa.I) rope of 
rushes &c. ; 1 ) a contemptuous name for slave (cmp. XbillX) . 
B. Bath. 127 b r1»a 'a X13S Ytb lIXpl when he had been 
in the habit of calling him (whom he now claims to be his 
son) promiscuously 'slave', 'metsar (rope)', 'one hundred') ; 
"int nxa [mi»i] nxa xias 'a nxa 'a -«a (v. Rabb. D. s. 
a. 1. note 70) what is metsar meah? M. means slave; 
meah, that he is worth one hundred Zuz; [differ, inter- 
pret, in comment.— Alf. im nxa xias 'a ilfflix \laxi for 
people say, 'the rope of a slave (is worth) one hundred 
Zufc'];-^- 2) a cable stretched across a river and holding 

aboard suspended, rope-bridge. M. Kat. 6 b bot. Kidd. 81 a . 
Bets. 7 b . B. Bath. l67 a 'ax JiXli in5X I would put my hand 
on a rope-bridge (and write to imitate the writing of 
a' trembling hand). 

*nsn n 

vat, v. xixsa. 

mim, i^tsd, -nsn, vrysn, Id m . C h.=h. 

*>isa, Egyptian. Targ. Gen! XXm,'l ; 2; 5 (Y, ISO . ., 
read: ^Xl . .). Targ. 0. Ex. II, 11 ilSa ed. Berl. (oth.'ed. 
'"i.-;; Y. iXISa, corr. ace). Targ. Y. II ib. 12X*l2a (read 
x;i '.'.)■; a. el— Y. Sabb. V, beg. 7 b X^IM xlslB, v. "•vb. 
Gen. B. s. 64, end nxi2ia Xllp the Egyptian heron; a. 
e.— PL "WiSa, 'STo. Targ. Gen. XLIII,- 32; a. fr. —Fern. 
XlTiilSa, Xriisa, "va. Ib. XVI, 3.— PI. XHjIxa. Targ. Ex. 
I, W (Y. ed. Vien. Xtrn . . , corr. ace.). 

n*OSa, v. nxjiaa. 

X^M v - m& 

"HSH 1 m.(v.-\$vl) anything twisted oi 
twigs &c. "a ^an a common rope (badge of disgrace worn 
by the Sotah, v. nails). Sot. I, 6 ; a. fr.— [Y. ib. 1, 17 a top; 
Num. R. s. 9 take our w. to mean Egyptian, v. next w.]. — . 
Fern. rvi2a. Sot. II, 1, a. fr. 'a n&i&3, v. nB">B3. 

"""ISQ II m. (b. h.) Egyptian. . Yeb. VIII, 3 lalixi 'a 
an Egyptian and an Edomite convert. Ib. 76 b , a. e. 'a IS 
'31 "b tVn an Egyptian proselyte was my fellow student 
&c. Ib..11ttJxtn 'a an original Egyptian proselyte, opp. to 
■OT 'a the son of an Egyptian proselyte. B. Bath. Ill, 6 
'an t&1& an Egyptian (small) ladder ; a. fr.— PI d^lsa, 
EPlSa. Pes. X, 5. Ex. R. s. 1 ; a. fv.—Fem. rYilSa, Yeb. 
l. c.'naiujxi 'a, n^siu 'a, v. supra. B. Bath. l. c. 'an ■)i?n, 

v. I^h; a. fr.— PL WlSa. Ex. R. 1. c; a. fr. 

^Sn,»n2ffl f y.rtnaa. 

Q^"I22I3 (b. h.) pr. n. J^yjpt. Pes. IX, 5 'a n&S, v. 111. 
Ex. R. s.'l; a.v. if. 

n^l^Q, mn2l2, v. -naa, nx^a. . . " 
nc>J~Su m. (v. next w.)growing on the balk. Yoma 

i8 b (MsTM.'n'xi2a), v. xiwa. 

'I'O^SD m. pi. (v. xlSa I) boundaries, adjacent fields. 
Targ. Y. Num. XXXIV, 12.— B. Bath. 63 a if he added in 
the agreement XfjJl^a.^V'W^Alf. XnsxiSa) these are the 
fields adjacent toft..tb. 128 a xnaiSa yotii HBSX "he may 
know exactly the estates contiguous to -the field which 
he identifies. B. Mets. 108 b '31 1312a i» '1 lilin those 
four neighbors of a field (entitled to preemption, y. 


.nSQ, Pi. nsa, ns">a, v. n2a. 

S^n^^D f. (ni2) bending; ^Slix Wti3a(not'a) mak- 
ing the ear willing to hear. Targ. Y. Gen. II,- 7. 



fcGpD m.= h. napa, mallet. Bekh. 43 b lall ppa 
'ab rrnoin (not ppab) a makkaban is one whose head re- 
sembles that of a mallet.— P£ "papa. Targ. Jer.X,4 (ed. 
Lag. T^pa). Targ. Is. XLIV, 12 (ed. Wil. yaipa). 

b^pp, b^pp, v. abapn. 

fTi^SpD f. pi. (a jocular denom. of nbap, adopted 
fr. Ex. XXVI, 5) founded on tradition; contrad* to nibilpa 
a corresponding feigned denom. of Xlpa, founded on the 
Bible. Y. B. Kam. VIII, end, 6 C 'ab ; aV )*&* ttmm )ft 
(—' a xb) where didst thou' learn these things, founded 
neither on Bible nor on tradition ? 

&05SlpP m. (bap I) one who takes in, wins. Targ. 
Prov. Xlj 30,' v. next w. 

sS !Tn J !2ZlpP f. (preced.) taking in, winning . Targ. 
Prov. XI, 30 sttiaan "nussi 'a (ed. Lag. rrnosu &»bapa) (the 
art of) winning souls is wisdom (Lag. a winner of souls 
is wisdom; h. text nan rYlBJBJ npb). 

l^pD m. (denom. of apa) one whose head is mallet- 
shapedl Bekh. VII, 1, v. xapa. 

rnj?Q f. (b. h. ; apJ) mallet. Kel. XXIX, 7 )Vtlo bffl 'a 
the stone-cutters' mallet. lb. 5,v.n»Sa. Tosef. Sabb. XIII 
(XIV), 17 "SI nb&Ba i"$ 'aa nsi jtbl he must not strike 
(on the Sabbath) with the mallet on the chisel (to open 
a casket of dates) ... as one does on week days. — 
PL HOpa. Par. Ill, 11 pa btt) 'a stone mallets. 

JnjPQ, v. rrjiga. 

lpP> r'^^pP hi. (lTTp r ) borer. Kel. XIII, 4. lb. 
XVII, 12 '31 naiaVbKJ b™ 'a'xbaa as large as the hole 
made with the large carpenters' borer kept in the Temple 
cell, which is the size of an Italian dipondium &c. ; Ohol. 
XIII, 1 ; Tosef. ib. XIV, 1. Ohol. II, 3 '31 ppb.. , 'a hPJO 
what borer do they mean ? The 1 small one used by phy- 
sicians &c. Ib. XIV, 2K1HB bs 'a xba any hole made with 
the borer, v. Wfeo ; Tosef. ib. XIV, 7. Tosef. Sabb. XIII 
(XIV), 17 rmpa; a. fr.— [Num. B. s. 9 &1M blB 'a some 
ed., read fTipa.] 

t£5 ;/ npD, an abbreviation for nacna, nap, bi and 
"Vi'b'li.wrong intention at slaughteringasacrifice, illegality 
concerning one pari! of a sacrifice, the legal effect of the 
sprinkling of the blood, and the occurrence of the word 
sh'lishi (third) in both laws under discussion. Zeb. 28 b . 

EJ^pP m. (b. h.; tthp) sanctuary, esp. 'a or 'art ma 
(abbr. a"na) the Jerusalem Temple, contrad. to pffla the 
Tabernacle. M. Kat. 9 a . Erub. 2 a 'a i1pi»1 'jSlBa ^OffiS 
'31 'al we find that the Tabernacle is sometimes called 
mikdash, and the Temple mishkan. — 'jiaJXl 'a the first 
Temple (the Solomonic Temple); "SIB 'a the second (post- 
exilic) Temple. Yoma 21 b ; a. e.— Ib. a"na ...nsa» when 
Solomon had built the Temple; a. fr.— PI. Qittnpa. Meg. 

16 b/ a "SIB two sanctuaries (that of Shiloh and the Jerusa- 
lem Temple); Yalk. Gen. 152. 

tfi*IpD, SSJ^pD, 'plH ch. same. Targ. Ex. XXV, 8; 
a. fr.— Y. Ber. II, 5 a top'fMa 13, ma=h. IBIpan ma, v. 
preced. ; Lam. E. to 1, 16 lawni "jSttSflpa ma (not.yiunpa) 
the Temple of the Jews.— PZ. 'pttra&H.' Targ. Ez. XXI, 7; 

JtSrVEfapH f. = h. nahp, prostitute. Targ. 0. Gen. 
XXXVIII, 21, sq. (ed. Vien.''tiftpa). 

iGlpP, v. saga. 

Hipp m. (b. h.; nip) gathering of water, esp. the 
ritual bath of purification. Yoma VIII, 9 (play on nipa 
hope, Jer. XVII, 13) '31 IrtDa 'a na as the bath purifies 
the unclean, so does the Lord &c. Ib. 31 a 61S31S 'a "TO 
nstb the contents of a ritual bath must be forty S'ah ; 
Num. B. s. 18. Mikv. I, 7 '31 'ab niffl has the qualification 
of a ritual mikveh when gathered in a pond, contrad, to 
■pSa; a. v. fr. — Trnsf. means of purification. Kidd. 64 a 
'31' snnu nipa biffin man daughters of common Israel- 
ites are the means of purity (reinstatement to priestly 
status) for (the issue of) degraded priests, i.e. the daughter 
of an Israelite woman and a degraded priest may marry 
into priesthood; ib. 77 a ; Tosef. ib. V, 3; a. e.—Pl. nilpa, 
rvixipa, 'llpa. Y. Ter. IV, 43 a hot. nilpa iJIB; Mikv. II,- 3 
'il'a 1J1B two adjacent reservoirs one of which contains &c. 
Ib. 1, 1 ; a. fr. — Mikvaoth, name of a treatise of Mishnah 
and Tosefta of the Order of Toharoth. 

SllpQ I ch. (v. preced.) 1) gathering of merchants, 
fair, merchants' station; 2) goods at the fair. Targ.IKings 
X, 28.-3) reservoir.— PI. a*lpa. Targ. Is. XXII, 11 (h. 

text nipa). 

rPpQ II m. (ttfip) acid. Keth. 75 a Ar., v. KSWp. 

D^pP, v.nextw. 

I'vIpP m. pi. (macellum, fiobtEXXov) 1) slaughter- 
house. Gen. B. s. 86, beg.; Midr. Till, to Ps. OV, 16.— 
2) meat-market, provision-market. Hull. 95 a bxiU3"> TOBI 'a 
if there are meat-stands (kept by gentiles) in a place 
where the butchers are Jews. Ib. 92 b top 11133 'pbpTO PN 
'aa nan they (the gentiles) do not retail carrion in the 
markets;[SifreNum. 131 Enblpadnb 153 they erected 
markets for them (Var. Disbp), v. sbp HI.]— Y. Hag. I, 
76 b top fibipaa "i&K even if you have to buy your meat 
in the market (having no sacrifice of your own). 

t&pl2, ■ 


DlpDm. (b. h.; Dip) 1) place. Ab. Zar. 8 b ; Snh. 14 b 
ftTfl 'an, T v. dns. Yoma 38 a bot. '3i ?jaipa3i "psipi ^aiua 
thou shalt be called by what name thou deservest, and 
given the place due to thee &c, i. e. be not afraid of 
human envy. Shebu. VII. 4 naipab nsiaiun niffi the oath 
goes back to its home, expl. ib. 47 a iji&b HSiaiB niin the 
oath goes back to Sinai, i. e. no oath is demanded and 



no decision rendered, the case being surrendered to him 
who proclaimed on Sinai, 'thou shalt not rob' ; oth. opin. 
rt> a'w'inai MSpttS ftltn the oath goes back to him who 
by right should have been asked to make oath but could 
not be permitted to swear on account of disqualification, 
i. e. he must pay; a. v. fr.— 'a Is, 'a bsa (abbr. a"3, »"33) 
everywhere. Sabb. 40 b ; a. fr.— -a 'a to, a"Sa wherever. 
Erub. 81 b . Meg. 29 a ; a. fr.— 'a IrTttt, v. nil* III.— 2) exist- 
ence, substance; 'an the Existence, the Lord (cmp. "pSd). 
Gen.B.s. 68 /a ltTiK'pK'flp'i h"3pn bffl laffl psa Ha "OBa in 
circumscribing the name of the Lord, why do we call him 
Makom? laipa laViS fW dV» Sua iaipa xinia because 
He is the existence (the preserver) of the world, but His 
world is not His existence; Pesik. B. s. 21 ; a.e. — Ab. Zar. 
40 b trti&wh lablS ldal» 'an -pa blessed be the Lord who 
has given his world over to preservers (who has created 
remedies). Nidd. 49>> 11W3 mm 'an the Lord be with 
him. Ber. 16 b ; Lev. B. s. 6, v. "pdri; a. v. fr. 

DlpH, Treat. Sof'rim XXI, 7 'a VTO, v. dila. 

SSDlpD, v.aapa. 

5]ipD m. (&,■!?, t)Bp; cmp. i*»p needle-eye) the eye of 
the coulter for the insertion of the horizontal pole. Kel. 
XHI, 3. 

"HpD m. (b. h.; lip, v. -np T I) fountain, esp.=di "ripa, 
the interior of the womb from where the menses are dis- 
charged. Nidd. 65 b . lb. 66 a ; a. fr.— [Pesik. B'shall., p. 89 b 

Hi-iaai -iipa, v. Khpia I.] 

™nj5D m. (lgs, v. next w.) fceafc, a tfooZ for whetting 
millstones. Kel. XXIX, 6 (not *iipa). 

fcCflpQ ch. same, beak of a bird. Gen. E. s. 64, end, 
the Egyptian heron "plK miipal whose beak is long ; 
Talk. ib. Ill, end mipltfi (corr. ace). Gen. E. 1. c. 3">m 
'Similpa (not mipla) he put his beak (into the lion's 
mouth), and brought the bone out ; Talk. 1. c. msip (corr. 

NTipQ, v.-tnpa. 

brffpQ, v. W$>. 

ffltfipO. m. (tips;, v. najiBaJ knocker. T. Bets.V,63 a 
bot. [read:]"ima isriimsi 'a the use of the knocker in 
the synagogue is permitted (on the Sabbath) ; [oth. emend, 
v. ed. Krot. marginal note]. 


E5EJ1pD II, '12 )% pr. n. pi. (?) BenM'koshesh. Teb. 
15 b ; T.'ib. I, 3 a bot.' ttSttftp ma. 

9 'pBSB 'a nas, a corrupt Var. lect., 


v. aia&ftisp. 


StfJlpDm. (Up, cmp. m a.Amb.kazz salire) jumper, 
runner. Y~-&. Hash. II, 58 a top mipa ynni (corr. ace.) 
the torches were moved (v. Mish. ib. 4) in the manner of 

the runner (in zigzag).— PI. itjpa. Pesik. B'shall. p. 84 a 
'SI ilanp.'ja liljpa Ar. (ed. wrppa; Talk. Ex. 225 "Wipa, 
corr. ace.) his runners before him, his runners behind him 
(Cant. E. to IV, 12 vnnx fsina diiasi). 

*^?}tpa, lT\... f. (Itp) calculation. T. Shebi. I, 33 b 
bot. 'SI 'a Sin t)S this calculation has also been adopted 
(v. KmBiitiBa): that ten young plants within an area of 
a Beth-S'ah are equal to three old trees as regards the 
Sabbatical year laws; T. Succ. IV, beg. 54 b ; T. Ab. Zar. 
IV, 43 d top. 

nj?I3 m. (b. h.; npi) 1) taking. Ab. IV, 22 imiB np* 
bribe-taking. Pes. IX, 5 ITOsaa inpa it must be selected 
(designated) on the tenth day of the'month (Ex. XII, 3).— 
2) (traditional pronunc.) npa buying, purchase, bargain. 
Ib. 112 b 'SI 'ah bts TiaSfl bK do not stand bargaining when 
you have no money. B. Mete. IV, 3 tb WVW if the over- 
charge amounts to one sixth of the price paid. Ib. 50 a "fT\ 
ihpa "ib give me back my goods. Ib. b 'a VlB^a annulment 
of the bargain. Ib. 51 a TV3 inpa rtpli the purchaser has 
his purchase in his possession (and can show it to his 
friends to have it valued); a. v. fr. — 'an pM auction-stone 
for slaves. Sifra B'har ch. VII, Par. 6 (Talk. Lev. 667 Pippin), 
v. saaid I.— isaal 'a, v. I3aa. 

^"1i!3pJ3, JT^IiapDm. ch. (lap II) the upper gar- 
ment with the girdle, walking cloak or sheet. T. B. Mets. 
II, beg. 8 b 'aa "pa . . nsffls* found a web wrapped up in 
a cloak. Ab. Zar. 58 b 'SI "jTs9 ^tiBBalK before you take 
off your cloak, go back (and rescind your decision). 

TTfiapH m. h. same. Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. VII, 1 ttffl 
'am Vpi&fi (E. s. to Kel. xxix, i ryiopai; Kel. 1. c. 
miSSam tWttih) shreds of the girth and of the wrap- 
ping clothes. Sabb. 120 a ; T. ib. XVI, 15 d top (differ, fr. 


&OT2pG m. (denom. of S^Bp) cucumber-field. Targ. 
Is. I, 8 ed. Lag. (oth. ed. st^pa).— 'a 13 pr. n. pi. Bar- 
Mikt'ya. T. M. Kat. I, 80 b bot. 

fctJ'QpD, N" 1 ^ * " m. pi. (dpi) objects held in the hand 
white making oath. Tosef. Snh. V, 1 [read :] fcmipa . . iJj ITI 
iBipJT 'aai if the contestant says, swear to me by thy 
life, or by the object or objects which I hold (v. hip); 
T. ib. Ill, beg. 21 a (corr. ace). 

rrapa, v. ™p. 

nTJ?D, TTTfiU f. (Ip?) fire-pot, fragment of a vessel 
used for carrying fire. Sifra M'tsor., Par. lj ch. I bin ifct 
'31 'a VlSi from the word heres (Lev. XIV, 5) I might 
infer that a fragment of a vessel was meant, therefore it 
says 'a vessel'. T. Sot. II, 1 7 d bot. VaiJiaa 'aa sV. . lai •jxa 
'SI he who says . . . you must not use a makkeda, means 
a vessel the larger portion of which is missing. Num. B. 
s. 9; Sot. 9 a din i>UJ 'a a piece of an earthen vessel, opp. 
■pnawa PndlS ; ib. 32 b . Sabb. XXIV, 5 ; a. fr. 

^iblpj] m., v. pVipa. 

na" l j5D i- (v- «a]?a) 6ou^7U oZyed, </»%. Lev.E.s.5 
■*i "pnn n4is 'a -ji tVW (not "(lai-il-i) Last thou such and 
such an object? wilt thou lend it to me? 

NJ^pD, v. Sppa. 

fctrn-pD, v. Ksnpo. 

5j?D c. (b. h.; iip io jjetn^) walking stick, in gen. 
sfajf. " Sabb. 66 a diJpi ilB 'a old men's stick. Kel. 
XVII, 16; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. Til, 9 '=1 ma 13 tt)iffl 'a a 
staff which has a secret receptacle for a m'zuzah (ntlta) 
or jewels. Ab. Zar.III, 1 'a ITS lins is a statue holding 
in its hand a staff; ib. 41 a 'as . . . 1a2S hi* nillB 'a the 
staff intimates symbolically that he causes himself to be 
chastised as with a staff in behalf of the entire world 
(vicarious sacrifice). Y. Dem. VII, beg. 26 a [read:] 1.1a 
'31 "nois 'al "rains mom (not ip">al) what does it mean 
that I saw in my dream an officer's staff suspended 
from my body?— Y.Ned. IX,beg.,,41 b nrvn a"1 iiaiipa 
'31 E.Meir's staff was in my hand, and it taught me knowl- 
edge. Toh. VIII, 9 'SI S-li6a KM12 'a a staff which has 
become wet with unclean fluids; Tosef. ib.IX, 15 n\1ttJ'a 
'=1 (corr. ace); a. v. fr.~ Sabb. 139 a (ref. to Is. XIV, 5) 
'=1 HBSJffl twin lit* this alludes to judges who are a 
staff (of support) to their beadles (conniving at their 
abuses).- PZ. fiiipa. Pes.V,9. K. Hash. I, 9'ab1i3'pnpli 
they may take sticks with them (for defence); a. e. — 
Yoma VI, 7 (67 b ) 'as pip Y. ed. (Bab. a. Mish. nisipaS, 
v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 6) he twisted the limbs of the 
animals around carrying poles. 

("DpD m. (nip II) roasting place; 'a IDS ashes from 
the roast, i. e. vegetable ashes, contrad. to 1BN which in- 
cludes any crumbled substance. Taan. II, 1. Ib. 15 b (ref. 
to '31 1BX pimn, ib.) 'j'WSa ft 'a 1BN they must bring 
wood-ashes (not dust, crushed bones &c). Par. IX, 7 1BK 
'a 1SIK3 SlShiia IBS ashes fit for lustration (ashes of the 
red cow) which were mixed with wood-ashes. Tosef. 
ib. X (IX), 1 'a 'sp f ilh they are as unfit for lustration 
as wood-ashes. Ber. 28 a , a. e., v. frta II. 

iWp^Q ch. same. Targ. Lam. II, 10. — [B. Mets. 74 a 
nipaibina, v. ^ip II.] 

tJ !~pQ m. (Dip) bag for collecting the excrements of 
working cattle Y.B*Kam.II,beg.2 d . Kel.XVI,7, v.aipia. 

l^&l^pH, Targ. Y. Num. VI, 4 'a ^iBlSa, read ysiipa, 
and strike out 'p&lla, as a gloss to WSlia; v. K&iip. 

u!?pl2 m.(b.h.; ttipjre/i^ejesp.forthe unintentional 
man-slayer. Mace. II, L Ib. 6 'a i-fifc pavjpa . . MUD Irtt* 
both the innocent and the willful slayers go temporarily 
to the place of refuge; Sifre Num. 160. Mace. II, 8 11211 
iuipa ITSi niatti a man-slayer who arrives at his place 
of refuge; a. fr. 

^rfipbpH f.(sipU) braid, plait. Y. Sabb. VI, 7 d bot. 
'31 nitril*'a iilSia hin she sold the plait of her head 
(hair), and gave (the proceeds) to him (Akiba), that he 
might study the Law; Y. Sot. IX, end, 24 c niSlBI NhSiip. 


niPbpa f., pi. rfi9 bpD (preced.) braids, nets. Yoma 
VI, 7; v.,' however, ipa. 

DpD, N/QpD I m. (Sip) 1) =h. laSa, standing, at- 
tendance, office. Targ. I Kings X, 5. Targ. Is. XXII, 19 ed. 
Lag. (ed. 'alpa, 'aipa). — 2) that which is placed before 
the guest, portion, plate. Esth. E. to I, 4, v. blj^p. 

NEjpD II, HQpa, NftPpH f. (Mp; v. Slpv cmp. 
Gen. XXIII, 17; 20) acquisition, bought object, thing. Y. 
Ned. XI, 42 c bot. K3B 'a hi S"» 11 when he allows her a 
good bargain. Cant. B. to VIII, 9 Salpa "(Sias to buy some 
goods.— Targ. Y. Ex. XXII, 7; 10 Nhapa Ar. (ed. Xp&iS; 
h. text hSlxia).— Gen. B. s. 73 ^a . . . ittiapa Xlii is« i&w 
'a 1X1.1 ISfi who ate this thing (dish, v. Napa I, 2)? who 
broke this thing (or plate)? — Constr. hapa, fiapia. Y. 
Erub. Ill, 21 b top; Y. Gitt. VII, end, 49 a "jis 'a an estate 
bearing the name of a certain person; Y. Kidd. Ill, 
64 a top napia; Y. Maas. Sh. V, 56 b bot. hapa. 

papX3, v. ppa. 

N?Ppa, constr. riDpD, ilDp^D, v. Napa II. 

FlDpiQ m - ( b - h -> n 3i?) Property, esp. cattle. Num. B. 
s. 22 Vila" 'a tani hM they had a large stock of cattle ; a. e. 

fc*rp!lpa, HrPDpa f. (denom. of ijp) a bundle of 
reeds. Y. Maas. Sh. IV, end, 55 c fctfliaia 'a the bundle of 
reeds (seen in an alleged dream) means the bolster at the 
bottom of the bed. 

F©pD m., flSjpEI f., (h&p) a stiff mass of grist, oil 
and onions. Ned. VI, 10. Hull. 14 b . Succ. II, 8 hl&MDa 
'art when a stiff dish gets spoiled. Ib. 29 a fo^A ilB 'a a 
pulp of grist; Y. ib. II, end, 53 b )*Wb hSpa. Ib. il23 h&Sa 
131 is (corr. ace.) a pulp of anything; a. fr. 

WBpD m. (Opi II) 1) surrounding, circumvallation. 
Targ. Lain. II, 8 (h.text if).— 2) going around ; 'a "plica 
nomadic camps, freebooters. Targ. O. Num. XXXIII, 55 isa 
"pSaBpa freebooters surrounding you. 

rKpD, Yalk. Lev. 658, v. hSpla3. 

?i2pDm. (b. h.; SSp) 1) corner, angle. Tarn. Ill, 3; 
Yoma 15 b ni31Sa tWiUS 'a the corner of the north-western 
side of the Temple.— 2) =hSp!|a, store. Men. 54 b ; 55 a , v. 
ri^pia.— B. Bath. X, 8 (I75 b )' ini nils hllnh iss 'a fxx 
pa' Ms. M. (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) for there is no store 
(of wisdom) in the entire Law richer than these (civil 
laws); Ber. 63 b .— PZ.yiSiSpa. Tosef. Hag. 1, 9 fiimiSISpa 
'31 i&IS stores of the law, bodies of Halakhoth; Tosef. 
Erub. XI (VIII), 24iS2p1n ed. Zuck. (Var. iSISpa).— 3) v. 

?*lXpD m. (b. h. nsspa; preced.) ni^SI ill) 'a a tool 
for cutting fig-cakes, knife or saio. Tosef. Sabb. XIV(XV), 1 
.(ed. Zuck. ?i2pa); Sabb. 123 b ; Y. ib. XVII, beg. 16\ — 
PI. rrisispa, v. next w. 

n^lSpD f . (v. preced.wds.) stored fruits, &s^.fig-cake — 
PI. nisixpa." Ned. vin, 4 (6i b ) 'an lispiia is (li^Bp-nB, 



l^iSftittJ) up to the time when people lay the figs in layers; 
[oth. opin. : people fold up the knives (v. preced.) to store 
them away; oth. opin.: people fold up the matting on 
which the figs are dried before they are stored]. Id. 
62 a . Tosef. Dem. I, 3 HiSSparl itepifflO; Y. ib. I, beg, 21 c 


S"KpD f. (b. h.; nsp; v. nsp : ) apart; (adv.) partially, 
in some cases. Shebu. VI, 3 '21 -paa 'a "b mini Vwn since 
he has admitted a part of what is comprised in the claim 
(empty 'casks' against the claim of 'pitchers of oil'). Ib. 
D"42 rtSpaa HW if he admits that he owes a portion of 
the vessels claimed.— B. Mets. 3 a , a. fr. h»Bh 'a(a) hTia 
Siffli he who admits a portion of the claim must make 
oath. Y. Shebu. VII, beg. 38 b '21 'a rtinal 'a hShSlfi *>tb 
because he is benefitted to a certain extent and benefits 
(the owner) to a certain extent, he must swear in some 
cases and pay damage in other cases. Sifra Sh'mini, Par. 
9, ch. XI 'a 'mntsl 'a ttKaa you make it possible to 
declare (the seeds) unclean in some cases and clean in 
others. Ab. V, 8 Ol papal 'pfflSa "jhSpa if a part of the 
people give tithes and a part give not, v! rffiaa. Koh. B. 
to VII, 27, a. e. UfflSfi 1=52 ffl&ifi 'a loss of a part' of one's 
life (pain, loss of property &e.) is considered like a sac- 
rifice of one's entire life; a. fr.— Ch. v. KSp. 

pp/D (b. h.; cmp. pia) to soften. 

Nif. pa?, ptes, 'B' 1 ? to be softened; to decay; to be 
sqashed beyond recognition. Nidd. X, 4 " pia^lB IS 
until decay has set in. Bice. I, 8 1p»} if the first fruits 
became decayed. Sifra B'huck., Par. 2, ch. VIII (ref. to 
Lev. XXVI, 39) im* &6n Ipa 1 ? laiK ■O'W it does not merely 
mean 'they shall decay' (when a portion remains sound), but 
'they shall dissolve' (v. Mace. 24 a bot.). Nidd. Ill, 4 pia" 1 ? 
'21 Tim the embryo may have been mashed (mixed up 
with the blood) before it was passed. Y.ib. Ill, end, 51 a 
'21 lrV«bU) ngiHii the placenta was mashed. Bab. ib. 27 a 
'21 DS& pla} rtall U^K there is no comparison between 
one presumption that the embryo was mashed and two 
such suppositions (that the placenta of one embryo and 
the embryo of another placenta were mashed). B. Hash. 
Ill, 8 WplKM 1TI they decayed (from the serpent's bites), 
opp. VWilna; a. e.— Tanh. Noah 10 lTKTpaS; Yalk. Dan. 
1060 IT* paib, v. infra. 

Hif. pan 1) to squash. Y. Ab. Zar. II, 40 c bot. p-ratj s6lB 
'21 lest she may squash the embryo in her womb. — 
2) to enervate, cause consumption. Keth. VII, 10 in^aa 
she (the intercourse with her) will enervate him (the 

Hof. pain to be crumbled, to dissolve. Snh. 92 b ITS "n 
(Bashi) his (Nebucadnezzar's) pride was crumbled (he 
confessed his wrong), v. pna ; (ed. 1Ti& Ts its (the kiln's) 
foundation was crumbled (from the heat) ; [oth. vers, 'h 
IT*} the lime in it melted; Tanh.Noah 10 ITfii pa}; Yalk, 
Dan. 1060 IT* pa 1 *}]. 

Sithpalp. papann to be crushed, to pine. Taan. 25 b 
ISDSil papan'iia'Ti until he is made submissive (by star- 
vation) and feels pain. 

p(5Q ch. same. 

Ithpalp. papain!* 1) to pine away, be weakened. Targ. 
Y. Deut. XXXI, 18; a. e.— 2) to decay, melt. Targ. Job 
XIV, 10 (h. textttfcM). Targ.Ps. LXXIII, 8 (h. text Ip'VQi).— 
3) to sneeze, v. infra. 

Ithpe. ppamx (cmp. 51a, Ithpol.) 1) to be languid, to 
stretch one's self. Targ. I Kings XVII, 21.— 2) [to collapse; 
v. SBtta a. ttiaS,] to sneeze. Targ, II Kings IV, 35 ed. Lag. 
(ed. Ven. I pgianx Ithpol. of pla; Begia papanx; ed. 
pniam; h.textnnim; Pesh. ppsinx). 

ppD, v. ppaa. 

PPQ m. (preced.) iTfi'*1 'a book-worm. Sabb. 90 a . 

StfppQ, : &tp"pQ m. (v. ppa, Ithpe.) sneezing.— PL 
■pppaj''ipa. Targ. Job XLI, 10' ilppa Begia (Ms. Var. 
lipipafed. I'iTi'lf; h. text -MfflW). 

HpD, v. np-.a. 

"IpQ m. ch.=b. "ip_ia, cooling; 'a Jp2 shady rock. Targ. 
Is. XXV, 5 (h. text SS). 

^~lpQ pr. n. m. (Maxpot) M«cra. Gen. E. s. 46 [read :] 
'a*i JTiri xnanoa this interpretation of M. is plausible; 
(Lev. B. s. 25 KTJST). 

SA~pD, fctTlpD m. (Knp) being called, summons. Y. 
Ber. II, 4 d ' top ?Y. Meg. I, 71 c ' (play on "plpa, Prov. V, 18) 
'21 nspb *|S$n'pa W blessed be thy being summoned to 
the grave; Yalk. Prov. 937; Koh. B. to IV, 17. Ib. JTCfi 
"1"Q nVlh ^Kllpa be blessed in the house to which thou 
wilt be called. 

&OpD m. (b.h.; trip) \)call, convocation. Sifra Emor, 
Par. il,'ch. XIV BTp 'a 1SWS bK &6x unless one made 
it (the Day of Atonement) a holy call (observed it). Ib. 
ch. XIII, Par. 11 '21 U)Tp 'a itnttJi *V2 the sons of Israel 
are a holy convocation (called to celebrate the festivals) 
&c. Mekh. Bo. s. 9 ; a. fr.— 2) reading, esp. the reading from 
the Scriptures. Ber. II, 1 'a2 *)at the time for reading the 
Sh'm'a. Meg. 3 a , a. fr. nVla 'a the recitation of the Book 
of Esther. Tosef. Ber. II, 20 n^Bni 'a 685 Iff* reading the 
Scriptures and prayer are permitted there; Sabb. 10 a ; 
a . e .— Meg. 1. c. (ref. to Neh. VIII, 8 'a laV' 1 ) 1' this means 
the reading of the text; Ned. 37 b ; a. fr.— 3) pronunci- 
ation, vocalization; &11&1& 'a the traditional vocalization 
of the Scripture texts. Ib.— 4) teaching the Bible, primary 
instruction. Ib. IV, 3 'a ISToii s6 he must not teach him 
Bible, contrad. to ffllTa &c. Ib. 36 b bot. <an b$ ,.. . B1p»3 
where is it customary to take remuneration for teaching 
the Bible. Y. Meg. Ill, beg. 73 d ; Y. Keth. XIII, beg. 35° 
'21 'a^> nSb rV3 Beth Sepher was the school for Bible, Beth 
Talmud for Mishnah. Lev. B. s. 2, beg. 'xb ,y*S3S enter 
the primary school; a. fr. — 5) the Scriptures. "Y. Taan. 
IV, 68 a bot. 'an to is ISTPti, v. \tri; a/fr. — 6) "Biblical 
verse, text. Sot. V, 2 '21 nnlhn ^a 'a & 1 jij«» theSe » for 
it no passage in the Torah intimating that it is unc|^an. 
Ib. '21 ^ 'a lb t^aa produces for it a Biblical, t&t in 
evidence &c. Yeb. ll b , a. e. lallBa iT^a KXIi 'a ^S a Bible 
verse can never lose its literal sense (although its meaning 



may be extended by the methods of interpretation). Snh. 
34 a , a. e. 'Si 8S11 inst 'a, v. b?B. lb. ioi a lass.a hi 'a 
TB"VT5 this verse must be interpreted from its own wording, 
lb. bot. ttHi'VJfct "a... "]b 'pa how do you know this?.. 
I interpret Bible verses; a. fr.— PL niKlpa, Wiiipa. Men. 

i9 b ; Zeb. 63 b ; Sot. i4 b '5i ins* 'a W kaia rami »"3 

wherever there are two possible interpretations of two 
parallel expressions one of which contradicts the other, 
and one of which confirms the other &c. Yoma 52 a bot., 
v. S15n. Y. Snh. VIII, 26 c top 'a ncbaa ins JIT this is 
one of the three passages where the Law speaks meta- 
phorically ; Y. Keth. IV, 28 c top; a. fr. 

&CT]|?D, v. Krttoiipa. 


&i~iP^i~lpQm. (|xay.po-skatppo^, a made-up word) 
Macro-elaphros (Tall- Light foot). Gen. B. s. 65 . . dffl rtrfm 
W&b Xllpa . . (corr. ace.) and a woman was there who 
bad a son that was a dwarf, but whom she called M. and 
said, 'a 133 my son is tall and lightfooted (fit for the body 
guard); Cant. B. to II, 15 OTlSttrt) llpTa (corr. ace); Yalk. 
Jer. 332 blSbllpa, bsVilpa (corr. ace). 

ItfnQi-lpD f. (alp) coming near, touching. Yalk. 
Gen. 26 '51 nweilpaa roal &6l UBS as thou didst 
not die on touching it &c; Gen. B. s. 19 PitYTO JtVl Has 


viEbinpa, bsfrnpn, T . oii^iipa. 

CilpD m. ((xcapo;) taK. Yalk. Gen. 114 fWsn BX 
'51 1W>5>3 'a though in thy sight he is tall, in ours he is a 
dwarf; (Gen. E. s. 65, a. e. Si-fib Xllpa &c, v. &il&b!*ilpa). 

"HpD m. (ilp I^/".), ^plll'a, iplii '^primary teacher. 
B. Bath. 21 b '51 &6l 1 'aa that a teacher cannot prevent 
a colleague from opening a school in the same avenue. 
Ib. a '51 '1 'a *ib the highest number of pupils for a 
primary teacher is twenty-five; a. fr. — PL "'Ipa. lb. 
'51 1 'a *H!"i ijn where there are two teachers one of 
whom &c, v. &1S II. 

Si "P'' r lj3D f. pi. (a jocular denom. of Klpa, to rhyme 
with nftiapa) based on textual interpretation. Y. B. Kam. 
Viil, end, e c , v. hftiapa. 

P^|5D I pr. n. m. Macrin, (supposed to mean) Ma- 
crianus, one of the thirty tyrants, who after the capture 
by the Persians of Valerian, was declared Boman emperor 
together with his sons Macrianus and Quietus. Gen. B. 
s. 76(ref. to 'three of the older horns', Dan. VII,8) WOttJIt 
"WTipl bllpi 'a orYeia brtb (some ed. "plpa) those 
(Boinans) who gave them (the princes of Palmyra,) their 
royal titles (v. IS? IV); M. &c; Yalk. Dan. 1064 Silvia 
blplipi bWpl (omitting dhiaia ... 11) (some ed. bllMpi; 
Purst Gloss. Graeco-Hebr. p. 145 quotes: bi-tnipl). [The 
other two names, obviously corrupted, refer perhaps to 
the two sons of Macrianus. V. Furst I. c. for other con- 

THJ3Q II m. (b.h. yipa; denom. oV0$)hqving horns. 
Hull. 60 a ; Sabb. 28 b ; Ab.Zar. 8 a b"<1&a 'a'.. . ailphffl 118) 
the ox which Adam offered had one horn in his forehead, 
for it is written (Ps. LXIX, 32) &c; SalDa y*v\ 'a but does 
not mahrin mean 'having two horns' (as b^lSa 'having 
hoofs')? 3T0 'jlpa it is written without Yod (intimating 
a defect). 

l^npQ f- pi. 0>?p) rents. Y. Maas. Sh. IV, 55 b bot., v. 

KllBtpk n a. XSpla! 

■'nSn]?D f. (yip) a piece of dough, separated from the 
main'dough in the trough. Tosef. Toh. XI, 2. Toh.I, 8.— 
PI. fiiXIpa. lb. 7. Tosef. Hall. I, 12 'a niBShffla from the 
time the dough is divided up into lumps; Y. ib. I, beg. 
59 a 'a 'a ffl»sniBa; a. e. 

3?j5"i]50, ^Vj>~ypT2 m., mostly pi. iSplpa (v. 5>p1p) 
attached to'the ground, real estate, opp. tibeban. Yeb. 99 a , 
a. e. "ral 'a5 Kias a slave is legally considered as real 
estate; B. Bath. 150 a KSplpaS (Ms. M. pi). Ib. 'a "0S1B 
'51 TS1 there is a difference between movable real estate 
(a slave) and an immovable estate; ib. 68 a . Ib. 150 b nains 
•jiai IJiph 'aal Ms. M. (ed. 'axl) the widowhood which 
theBabbis have instituted to be guaranteed by real estate. 
Ib. a bot. SIM 'a r«S» naina the wife's settlement is con- 
sidered real estate; a. fr. 

&tFTlj5D, &tFTPj3Z3 f. (v. Ipa) cooling place. Targ. 
IKings'vil, 2, a. e. Xisba filpa rva the royal summer- 
house (h. text ToaiM 15>*> rTQ).— ' Jt^SI 'a pr. n. M'kerta 
oVTsillaya (Cooling Shades), name' of a field. Y.M.Kat. 
I, beg. 80 a (ed. Krot. hlpa). 

fll^tiJjPQm. (Mip)onewho raises objections,disputant. 
Gen. B. s.48 _ ; s. 85 ; Yalk. Gen. 82 ; B. Mets. 87 a , v. b-il&SJ 
(cmp. annsa).— PL ^tipa. Y. Kil. Hi, beg. 28 c yam ym 
'a were sitting and raising questions. 

niStSj^D, p^Q,v.nextw. 

TVfipn f. (b. h.; =nsi!ipa, denom. of Step, v. dWIBp) 
cucumber field, in gen. truck-farm. Tosef. Ter. I, 4; Y. ib. 
I, 40 b bot. Tosef. B. Mets. IX, 32; a. e. (v. also tttipia).— 
PL niaajpa, niia5pa, ywijpa. Shebi. II, l 'aa so-t (Ms. 
M. nilSJpaj corr. ace; Maini. WlDpa), v. nsbla.— In gen. 
hisViai 'a late vegetables or fruits. Pes. 6 b . Erub. 104 a 
tvYtm 1"W»pa ed. Sonc. (Ms. O. 1">SWl; Ms. M. I^XtiJpa 
liS^lal, ed'. only 1i»Wi) (who guards) his late fruits; a. e. 
—[Sabb. 90 b *nxn bffl nfflpa, read: htijsa. v. niap.] 

JlffiPQ m. h.=ch. nijtBpa, disputant, undecided. Hor. 
14 a 'al C)iin quick but undecided, opp. to p^&ai "jltia slow 
but coming to a conclusion. 

fcO'CJpQ = h. ntipa, v. S^tspa. 

. ' l 1tt5pQ, v. nwijpa, 

fcTttSpD,. S^tt5|5D, f,.part. pass. Af, of ifflp. 



"n22" , 125pX].Targ.Y.nDeut.XXIX I 16,reaa:-lnSi]5Ba. 

"ID m. myrrh, -em. 

"ID I=Tok, to speak, say. Y. Sabb. I,3 b top Tai Tin 
again he said. Y. B. Bath. X, 1 7 C bot. t»1fi To^a (not Tana) 
from what H. said (we learn). Y. Snh. Ill, 21 b bot. )!Xa 
T01 he who said. lb. X, 27 d bot., v. P5 — Y. Ter.VIII, 46 a 
'p'la ■)1P» na pan observe what yon say. Y. Ber. II, 5 C 
top^iTtfi hij< (not UTO*!) some say; a. fr. 

"ID II m. (b. h. ; TTo) 1) Sitter. Pes. 39 a '31 la pT» ba 
every bitter herb contains a gum (won by impissation). 
Lev.B.s.31 '31 111 hfirva ffia la rather something bitterer 
than this out of the hand of the Lord, than sweets out 
Of thine; Yalk. Gen. 59; Gen. E. s. 33 (corr. ace.);— 
Y. Snh. X, 27 d ib la woe is me. Keth. 69 b (play on Tai 
terreio nina, Am. VI, 7) dimi&b tb niasa n 1 Sa he who is 
bitter (of soul) and distracted (through bereavement) is 
made the chief of those banqueting (i. e. the mourner must 
sit at the head at the comforting meal); M. Kat. 28 b (not 
ntTo,Ms.M.nT1ia) ; Yalk.Am.545.— 2)corrosive substance; 
trnsf. care, worry. Sabb. 30 b ; Pes. 1 17 a (play on Tia, Cant. 
V, 13) a student before his teacher, "na rYiBoli vnin&lB "pUO 
whose lips to not drip from care; (Cant. B. 1. c. trsmo 
-na P11BB15). — 3) mar, name of a bitter herb, ferula. Pes. 
1. c.TXITi la, expl.'i TO marisy'roar, v.THITi; [for. 
Var. lect. v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note].— Fern. i"lTQ,*q. v. 

"ID III (or To) m. (lia) exchange; -*i To3 instead o/"; 
as. Hull. 94 a nalniai Toa nibnis narr>i and he gave her 

(the ritually forbidden hen) to him (the gentile) pretend- 
ing that it was ritually cut. B. Kam. 113 b , v.KJibi?. Bekh. 
30 a ««i3l Taa nib fata sold it for fat of' the ileum 
(which is permitted ; Ar. WOSia, suggesting SPittTa, q. v.). 

"ID IV, ^D (h. a. oh.), N"1D I m. (pi. forms K^a, *jo, 
i"]Sa) (Arab, marua, cmp. sto, to be strong; cmp. Taa 
a. 139) man, lord, master; somebody; (as a title) Mar. 
Tosef. Shek.II, lSbsniSToffl iJBa because he was ruler 
&c, v. bis-iax ; Hor. I3 a xbl3 las (prob. to be read toa 
sblS).— Lev. B. s. 31 na itq my lord Noah. Y. Peah VIII, 
end, 21 b ib» iTo 61S31 xb'let my lord not be angry &c; 
a. e.— Targ. Gen. XXXVII, 19. Targ. Prov. XXIII, 2 ; a. 
fr.— Snh. 109 b '31 Ta i«1 ... naT To i» if the one (Moses) 
is teacher (leader), thou art a pupil (subordinate), and if 
the other (Korah) is &c. Hull. 105 a , a. fr. Kin TOK TO 
'31 lax T01 one said one thing, another another thing, 
but they do not differ. Yoma 20 b ib Tax Tfll Ms. M. (ed. 
max nxi) and you, Sir, say to me &c. lb. nJiJ 3^ wa Ta 
TO (Bashi Kin Ta) the man (you speak of) is a teacher; 
sit down, Sir. B. Kam. 60 b '31 TO Xaib mb lax Ta one 
said to him, tell us, Sir &c— Ber. 2 a , a. fr. To Tax it has 
been said(introducing a discussion on a subject previously 
touched upon). Y. Snh. 1, 18 c bot., a. e. KtlSattJI STO px 
'31 in such a case the author of the rule would not have 
maintained it. Y. Ter. VIII, 45 c 'a xni snsiaffl^iTa Kfi 
K131S here is a master of traditions and a master "of prac- 
tice. Gen. B. s. 58 (expl. 31»m, Gen. XXIII, 4) xnia iixa 
(=man b»a) owner of a house, citizen, opp. KTWi.. Succ. 
32 b , "b niTo nib iTB the Lord forgive him (he is 

mistaken).— Ned. 50 a nibs XJTO TGSi let our lord do with 
this (be contented for the present). Y. Ab. Zar. V, 44 d 
[read:] ^IBSil STa nx VX (cmp. Prov. XXIII, 2) if thou 
art master over thy desire; ?|nTo ^ttSSfl iK if thy desire 
is master over thee; Deut. B. s'.Vxax HBSin iTO xaxlam 
master over my desire; a. fr. — PI. iTo=dibsa (used as 
sing. a. pi. ;v. supra). Targ. Is. Ill, 12;— xnilTo.XiilTo 
(pi. of XHlTO). Targ. Prov. V, 13 (h. text iTiaj.— Gitt'Vo* 
iRTTQ 'a lbs the owners at second hand (of the settlement 
of slaves) died out; ixalp 'a i»K ITinx apply (for eman- 
cipation) to the heirs of the original owners. B. Bath. 
3 b funina mbiab lnsiblJp (Var. rwnTa 15a inblib) he (He- 
rod) killed all of his master's family. B. Kam. 103 a 'a 
fcUfWl Ms.M. (ed. mhll'ia) the owner of the flax;\— 
Mar Samuel, Mar Ukban &c, v. respect, pr. nouns.— Fem. 
fctrna, nrjTa 1) mistress, constr. hTo. Targ. I Kings XVII, 
17'. Targ* Is'. XXIV, 2;— Gen. B.s. 52, v.nbffia. Y.Hag. 
II, 77 d iXrraft 'a the hostess. Y. Peah VIII, 21 bT top [read :] 
hirjha mtUSin TTii mb an give him (the poor man) more, 
for his appetite is his master (he is used to good living). 
Y. Ab. Zar. I.e., v. supra; a. fr.— 2) pr. n. f. Martha. Gitt. 
56 a ; a, fr. tvea na 'a, v. Dima.— M. Kat. 26 b bot. Ta xax 
'a (Ms.M. n^a); Yeb,120 a ; Sabb.l21 b ; Yoma84 a (v.Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 60); a. e. — 3) pr. n. m. (?). Snh. 5 a bot. 
B. Bath. 52 a (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 8). Pes. 103 a top 'a 
TOX (Ms. M. 1 S01T3 31; Ms. M. 2 K51TO, v. Babb. D. S. a. 

"ID, N"1D II f. 1) (=«1Ka, v. Wis) hoe, rake. Erub. 
77 b KJiani 'a i»ai it requires hoe or pick-axe (to get it 
out). Meg. 28 a , v. IT* II. Taan. 23 b top "al 1313 the wood 
(he had collected) and the rake. B. Mets. 82 b b&SI 'a 
bIT-ipl (Ms. TO, Ar. b&& To) hoe and mattocfe and axe; 
Ber, 57 b DnTpl b&B To. Keth. 64 a niiapb nTol . . .WW3 
I want a staff to lean on and a hoe to make my grave, 
i. e. a son to support me in old age and to provide for my 
burial; Yeb. 65 b . Taan. 21 b , v. xbiaj ; a. e— *2) (=K1Xa, 
denom. of KTlK; cmp. Arab, marvu silices &c.) flint for 
striking a light. Zeb. 116 b Kftin 'aa KTO IpiSK (Ms. M. 
KJSWaa, Yalk. Lev. 579 M&aa, v. SSMa; Ms. K. KiKaa ; 
En Yaak. Kiaa) produce fire with a flint-stone which has 
not been used before. 

IST3, to be strong, v. 1T0. 


^D, v. KTia. 

InSTTD, m. (b. h.; nx 1 !) sight, looks, appearance; color, 
shade.' Yoma 74 b ni!5K3 diJiS nx^a the pleasure of looking 
at one's wife. Tosef. Neg. I, 2 yilBRT "a the first inspection 
of a leprous affection (Lev. XIII, 3), iJffl 'a the second 
(ib. 5) &c. lb. 4 pb 'a ba all shades of white; rYQi& 'a 
grey color. Ib. 5 maj 'a the appearance of an elevation ; 
nana bs 'aa as the appearance of a shade thrown on a 
sunlit object; Sifra Thazr., Neg., ch. I; a. fr.— PI. niifia 
(with pronom. suffix) WB, r«*Ta &c. Neg. 1, 1. Sifra 
1. c, Par. 2, ch. II VWiaa retaining its original color; nna 
liK-iaa fainter than its original color. Bekh. VII, 5; v. 
TjWSn; a. fr. 

fl&Tia f. (b. h. ; preced.) 1) mirror. Kel. XIV, 6 na»l» 
'a la (nothsiBSB) one part of which he polished to serve 
asamirror. Tosef. Sabb. XIII (XIV), 16;— PZ.fiiKna. 
Gen. R. s. 4 niVns 'a magnifying mirrors ; ffisap 'a diminish- 
ing mirrors; a.e. — 2) picture. — PI. as ab. lb. s. 73 *]b i-fift 
^t-pa-pi-a'a didst thou have pictures in thy house? nnTItt) 
. . . nia^ IK of black persons or of white ? 

ffiiOD, v. i-iiOla. 

i«ta«Ta, v. w-w. 

n* l !^~lD f.(ns*n), X®(ft)'n,appearance,sight,semblance. 
Bekh. VII, 3 'Srt 'a iJBa because he is repulsive to look at. 
Lev. R. s. 26 ; Midr. Till, to Ps. VII 'a TlSa . . . "pVia TliS* 
'Srt he does not take his children with him, because he 
is afraid of the evil eye. — Esp. '5>(n) 'a "DSa in order 
to avoid the semblance of wrong-doing, for appearance 
sake. Bets. 9 a , a. fr. Wi 'a 15Sa tnann ntJIKUJ aipa \o 
'31 ">£& wherever the scholars have forbidden a thing for 
appearance sake, it is forbidden even in strictest privacy, 
cmp. "tin; T. Erub. VIII, end,, 25 b . Y. M. Kat. I, 80 b . 
'3 'a iJ&a 153-fc hiVl do the Rabbis not care for appear- 
ance?; a. fr. 

VQVrSD, v. wm 

nil25!St"|Q f. pi. (b. h.; denom. of ttKO) head-part of 
the led, bolster, pillow. Y. Ber. Ill, 6 d hot. 'a(a) . . . JiVm 
nuan he may suspend them from the head-board of the 
bed, opp. nferia, Yoma 78 a ^nroitna win nrvsa put it 
under his bolster. Sabb. 12 b *3\U 'rtWDiXia nbsaV ffltitt} 
nVin (='aa) the Divine Presence is above the head-side 
of the patient; Yalk. Ps. 741. 

-T1Q, 2T0, (b. h.) pr. n. f. Merdb, daughter of King 
Saul. Snh. 19 b ; a. e. 

JDTQ, v. ^ana a. T^ana. 

TTSTIQ, v. Hasina. 

^raaia^n^ana, v. xnsana. 

W^SHD, M^STl/D m. Can) l) educator, teacher. 
Targ^Prov; II, 17 eel. Lag. (ed. KrYana teaching; h. text 
5]lS>K).—2) (^) raised (servant or child).- Pl.^i^'ta, 
constr. "O^ana, ";ana. Targ. Y. I Gen. XIV, 14 (II ^ana, 
corr. acc.)I' lb. XVII, 12. Targ. Y.Num. Xin, 23; 28; a. 
e.— 3) (pi.) sprouts. Targ. Ps. LXV, 11 stnnas ijnana 
(Ms. Xfj;" 1 ^?; h. text WTtAn). 

&tin" , ^3na, fctrPSTQ f,( V recea.)nurse,foster-mother. 
Targ-Vn Gen. XXXV, 8 (Ar. s«y*$ana; h.textnpra).— 
V. sw^ana. 


S^ITO f.=«rv«ana. Kidd.3i b "win irwana swiri 
(Ar. rtWjaana) she (whom he calls his mother) was his 
foster-mother (or nurss). 

■ rTOTH, pi. TftTlHQ, v. rwjw n. 

ittJ^!a."ID, v. sttwana. 

" l lT2~ia, Targ. Y. II Gen. XIV, 14, v. KS^ana. 

rPSTG f. (b. h.; nan) 1) increase, profit. B.Mets. 61 a . 
—2) young tree.-— PI. rvi*ana, v. manual. 

l^ri" l l|"1D f. 1) =h. rtanto I, a growing tree (not yet 
fully developed). Y- Shebi.'l, end, 33 c ./a ann iian 13S1 
■Ynsa KVIK . . (not inisa) and yet we see young fig trees 
come out with full fruit; [Y. Orl. I, 61 a . . tttWina 'ph 
n^aiS^ . . ., a corrupt gloss transferred from Y. Shebi. 
I.e.].— 2) training, teaching. Targ. Prov. II, 17, v. KSTjana. 

NTPSna, v. Ktv^ana. 

?JiLTQ m. (^an) an irregular pile. Ohol. Ill, 7 *>1D 'a 
Sisas (Ar. aana, Var. "lana) a pile of (large) stones; Succ. 
20 b njana ed. (Ms. M. 2 npna). Sabb. i25 b -pna (Sana) Ar. 
(ed. njana). 

Sn^aiD, *C£3^TQ> v. arcana a. atwana. 

r\^ni2,pi.rii^T\u, v.n«n, ' 

^SID, V£p aiQ, *S&"Tn f. (San) crouching; 
den, resting placet Targ'. Am. Ill, 4 irwrwana ed. Lag. 
(ed. Wil. 'CTana). Targ.IIEsth. I, 2 'Wana.— B. Bath. 73 a 
8tt3fl KasiSI nwana -a the resting place of a small star 
(Ms. P. fiiSinasa ''a the transit of &c; v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note 40). Ib. b nilBinn 'a 13 the place where his head 

3TQ to swap to and fro, vacillate. 

Pa. Sina to cause swaying. Targ. II Sam. VI, 6; Targ. 
IChr. XHI,9. 

Ithpe. S^naM* to be swayed, become unsteady. Targ. 
O. Deut. XIX, 5 Regia a. oth. (ed. Berl. -partn, v. Berl. 
Targ. 0. II, p. 55 ; h. text nnna). 

W^iPD pr. n. pi. Marguan (prob. Antipchia Mar- 
gianafin dentral Asia). Ab. Zar. 31 b (Ms. M. lisna, Tosaf. 
R. Elh. )Mi na, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note). 

^SHiTD f.=b.h. nsana(cmp. nrpyii,*\),rest, ease. Targ. 
Job xxi,'i3 (h. text sanj. 

Epa, ^na,v.un. 
mwnn, v. %^. 

n -1 " VPI2 m. pi. (transpos. of 'n»a ; nt ?,) mincing knives, 
meat-chopper. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a hot. 'a'a nroa na when 
he chops (meat &c. for sausages) with the chopper, v. 

&Cl"01;niQ f. (Wn) irascible, quarrelsome. Targ. Prov. 
XXI, 19'(Levita KtWttn). 

^b3"]D I f. (hn, v. >?n) habitual saying, a familiar 

word; "1 n^al&S'a used to say. Ber. 17 a — Snh. 50 b ; Zeb. 
36 b (of a traditional law). 


_ II m. (v. arrtaia) a jewel. Targ. Job XXVIII, 
19, v.apV.— PI. sniiiia/ ' 

rii53"lQ f. pi. (b. h.; denom. of iil) tte bottom-part 
of a bedstead; (also- adv.) a£ tte fiofiom o/" &c. Y. Ber. Ill, 
6 d bot., v. nimia. Talk. Euth eoe.nasiiB . . . nhnniBs 
IVviisia (not asiffiij she tarried six hours lying at his feet. 

^brra, ^"brn, v. .wW™. 

D 'T2"~3 JU (not bits . . .) m. (u.ap7apiTY)<;) margarites 
chersaios, name of a precious stone. Ex. E. s. 38, end (cor- 
resp. to naim, Ex. XXVIU, 20). 

TP".3 jlQ f. (cmp. ixapyaptTY)!;, jxapYTjXU &c, prob. of 
Semitic origin, cmp. Ml, 5151) #e»M, jeioeZ, £>eaH, mostly 
pi. rYfsijHa Ab. Zar. 8 b Ol rniB •JSKI 'a in setting pearls 
and a precious stone (for an ornament), which is made 
the base (subordinate) to the other?— Gen. B. s. 31 (expl. 
ma, Gen. VI, 16) n^isia a polished gem; Y. Pes. I, 27 b 
top;Pirke d''31 n^lin nnx'a one jewel was 
suspended in the Ark which lighted up &c; Snh. 108 b . — 
Y. Shek. II, beg. 46 c 'a IrYlN HUSil why not let them ex- 
change the coins (to be taken to Jerusalem) for a jew- 
el .. . 'art ilth Nam the jewel may fall in price. Yoma 
75 a 'as pi white as a pearl; a. fr. 

sarrbana, tyia^brn <*. same. T arg .Y. 

Ex. XXVni, 10; a. fr'.— Y. Dem. I, 22 a top XSial fa ^Sla 
a jewel out of the crown of the King. Esth. E. to I, 6, 
v. SOW II. Y. Keth. XII, 35 b ; Y. Kil. IX, 32 c bot. MX 
'21 "TPisna laia I am to give up my pearl (soul) in an 
unclean land ; a. fr. — Lam. E. to I, 9 'a XI this precious 
idea (cmp. lain II); a. e.— PI. SttV^iaia, T^iaia. Targ. Y. 
Ex. XXVIII,' 9 ; '11. Targ. Is. LlV* i2* •piaia (prob. to be 
read ^ia. .). Targ.Ez. XXVH, 16 ed. Lag.'(ed.Wil. pi •••); ch.=h. niiaia, (the bolster at) the bot- 
tom ofUe'bed. Y. Maas. Sh. IV,' end, 55 c , v. KrYiJpa. 

TOaTQ|i.apayva) whips, scourges. Targ.IKings 
XII, il; ! 14; Targ. IlChr. X, 11; 14. 

NTfOiHQ f. (v. Xtfzsrm) pearl or jeioel. B.Bath.l46 a 
'51 'a n^i "ipniB they ground for him a pearl worth &c. 
Kidd. 26 b '31 'a na nin he set in it (the needle) a pearl 
(or a precious stone) worth &c. lb. 18 a iT^a 'a a^pJ he 
possessed a pearl (a precious slave). Ber. 33 b 'a 1? IS^pn 
they composed for us a precious prayer. Yeb. 94 a nin 
'a Mia tBIlai , . . Ifi E. E. had an opportunity for a most 
precious interpretation, opp. NSbn. lb. 92 b , a. e., v. "to; 
a. fr.— PI. OOrrhiVm. E. Hash. 23 a 'a p&a they bring up 
pearls (from the bottom of the sea). 

Tri£5iPQ f. pi. (BJ51) wises. Lam.E. introd. (E, Joh. 1) 

ova nns.'.wn ym)in this expression (nistron, is.xxn, 2) 

serves for three meanings: distress, noises and darkness; 

,Yalk. Is. 289 nwaina (eorr. ace.).— [Num. E. s. 14 IhifflSla 
some ed., v. ndaiiia.] 

"fTQ I (b. h.; denom. of 11a; cmp, isa a. isa) 1) to 
rebel, refuse obedience; to protest. Keth. V, 7 is nilian 
nisa she who rebels against her husband (refusing marital 
duties; oth. opin. refusing to work). lb. mm is llian 
a husband refusing marital duties (oth. opin. refusing to 
give her work and support); ib. 63 b . Snh.49 a ,a. fr. Ilia 
msVaa rebel— Meg. 13 a trtaia Pl2Sa 'a he (Caleb) pro- 
tested against the counsel of the spies. Ib. "ili">5S nila 
'31 she refused homage to the idols of her father's house ; 
a. fr.— [Y. Maas. Sh. I, 52 d top llalS Saoa, read: 11a ill) 
or "Vila, q. v.] — 2) to incite to rebellion. Gen. E.s. 23, v. 

Hif. flan to make rebellious, to incite. Y. Keth. V, 
30 b bot. vis nijllan niinn the Law requires her to be 
rebellious against him (to refuse sexual connection). Gen. 
E. s. 26 lis Tj^art Str this man (Nimrod) made them rebel 
against' me; ib. s. 23 lis lllian HI ('Eashi': piiart). 

• JO" II (v.preced., cmp. If) to run, discharge matter; 
to be sore, inflamed. Ab. Zar. 28 b ; Y. ib. II, 40 d top pS 
nilall) an inflamed eye (comment. : 'which rebels', i. e. 
threatens to burst out of its socket). — Sifra Thazr., Neg., 
Par. 3, ch. IV nilian STDal llian "pniD a running (open) 
wound from contusion or from a burn; Neg. VI, 8 ; VIII, 5 
■piiari nipm hiaanpniBn(notynilani) running wounds 
from contusion, burn or inflammation; Tosef. ib. Ill, 10 

■p-naiii nipm ni3am pniDn ed. Zuck. (Var. pf am, corr. 

ace; v. E. S. to Neg. 1. c; E. S. to Neg. VI, 8 quotes a 
Var. 'Ilia, v. E. S. to Par. IX, 2; v. flia). Sifra 1. c, 
Par. 4, eh. VII nllla ; Y. Pes. VII, 34 a bot. misa (corr. 

TTQ, THQ ch. 1) =h. lia I, to rebel, run away. Targ. 
I Kings' XV, 27 - (h. text 11»p). Targ. II Kings IX, 14 (ed. 
Wil. Tia; h. text "ittJp Hithpa.). Targ. Jer.VIII, 5 Tiaai 
■ja ed. Lag. (ed. Tiai) to run away from (desert) ; a. fr. — 
Ber. 44 a Ynal 19 until he ran away (bewildered).— 2)cmp. 
-no II a. trn) to rule. Targ. Lam. I, 7. 

Ithpe. Tna^x to become rebellious, run away. Keth. 63 b 
SOi-iailS; Eashi (ed. fl'J'iaiK, Alf. SO-iaiN) ran away (from 
her husband). B; Metsl84 b '31 rtilX nviaix (Ms. M. ^1ai«, 
Y. i"ia) she ran away and went to her paternal home. 

"T^Q I m. (b. h. ; denom. of TTj) [running away, run- 
ning against, cmp. isa,] desertion, rebellion. Pes. 55 b ins 
inllai riffliffl after three days since her (the bird's) desert- 
ing the eggs; ib. Pilliai. Midr. Till, to Ps. XC 'an iiaffla 
'31 ibX imiali) I beg for amnesty for the rebellion which 
I made. Gen. E. s. 23; s. 26 (ref. to imrt, inn, Gen. IV, 
26 ; VI, 1 ; X, 8) 'a 'pffii it means desertion from the Lord 
(cmp. iin, y&in); a. fr. — 'a niSiS a document stating a 
wife's, or a husband's, refusal of duties, v. Iial. Keth. 
64 a ; Y.ib. V, 30 b bot.; Y. Kidd. I, 59 a bot.; a" fr. — PI. 
D^lla rebellious acts, contrad. to sins of passion (niillt). 
Tosef. Yoma II, 1 ; Yoma 36 b ; Y. ib. Ill, 40 d bot., v. S1C|. 

"TTQ II m. (v. preced.; cmp. Wllal a. nil) [bringing 


down,] subjugation. Gen. B. s. 42 (ref. to Gen. XIV, 4, sq.) 
'i'TiaV 111)2 salxa in the fourteenth year Counting from 
their subjugation; Yalk. ib. 72. 

TTQ, fcHlHi ^H (Bibl. chald. 11a) ch. = h. 11a I. 
Targ. Josh. XXIlj'22 IHa ed. Lag. (ed. 811a). Targ. II Sam. 
XT, 12 (h. text IIISp); a. e.— P£ ^Tla, ">a. Targ. Job 
VIII, 4. Ib. XXXV, 6 'rpliaMs. (ed! ?]iiia, v. Slila). 

ItfTTQ f. (11a) rebellious. Targ. Y. Deut. XX, 20 (ed. 
Alaska, oth. Xlia). 

ItfTTQ I Rafter's s/wwe?, v. niia I. 

S^TD II name of a bird, v. niia II. 

^"ID Illf. (v. 11a II) mois^em. Targ.Is.XVH,6 
(h. text'nilS); cmp. ST). 

sST")D m. (Hi ; v. 11a) ordwe, a material for vessels. 
Ab. Zar'.75 b 'al tea (some ed. niia; Alfl K1ala,.v. Kabb. 
I). S. a. 1. note) a »w>da vessel (V. bbs,) ; Tanh. ed. Bub. 
Huok. 2 isnii»i. 

TtTV2 I f. (nil II) baker's shovel, peel. Tosef. Kel. B. 
Mets. HI, 7. Taan.W (Var. Niia). 

STTTG II (or JTHlQ) m. wrti (mardah), name 
of a lowland bird. Hull. 65 b Ar. (ed. Klla). 

^TlH I m.(?) same. Hull. 62 b 'a ijiini and this ('hen 
of the'marsh') is mardu. Ib. TW 'a (Eashi Mia), v. Y>»J. 

ITTO II f., v. Kffilla. 

STfiTTO I f. (nil I) chastisement, punishment. Ber. 7 a 
'31 Mix 'a nail) one chastisement in the heart of man (self- 
reproach) is better than many lashes. Gen. B. s. 23, beg. 
-,!-[ 'a "jlttA ^13 all (those names) have the meaning of chas- 
tisement; ib.s. 57 end. Ex. E. s. 42 (play on 11, Ex. XXXII, 7) 
dibilS- fih 'a they need chastisement. Ib. s. 1 1S3 Siiart ^3 
'art "ja he who refrains from punishing his son; a. e. — 
[PI. mania. Tanh. M'tsora, ed. Bub. 3 lWn milail ■)■« 
Ol ibttJa (corr. ace.) these punishments do not come to 
thee by mistake (or suddenly, v. ''btt}, v. Bub. a.l.note 10), 
I have warned thee &c; Tanh. ed. 1 '21 Ittl ttllilan ^N 
' (read: milart) ; Yalk. Lev. 558 '31 ttn ninart pH.] 

r^TTQ II f. (b. h. ; 11a I) rebellion, disobedience. — 
'a roa(Hlso, abbrev. a"a) punishment for disobedience,!^ 
to the discretion of the court, the Biblically or- 
dained punishment (mpba). Naz. IV, 3 (23 a ) SlB&n...nji|*DK 
'a 'a if she cannot receive the lawful punishment of forty 
. lashes, let her receive the punishment for rebellion. Keth. 
45 b . Sabb. 40 b ; Yeb. 52 a ; Hull. 141 b : [Eashi: = rtill, 
'blows enforcing submission', v. 11a II a. preced. w.] 

fctrflTl/Q, ^"TO I ch.=h. Wlllal, chastisement, cor- 
rection (corresp. to b. h. 161a). Targ. Ps. II, 10. Targ. 

Prov. XXII, 15. Targ. Y. II Lev. XIX, 20 111a (h. text 
hlpa); a. e.— PI. SrYllnla. Targ. Y.ib. XXVI, 18; 23. 

^ST\ ! I''HPII ch.=h. Milan. Targ. I Sam. XX, 30. 
fcOTTlQ rudder, v. sWisia. 

fc^TTQ m. (ill) ploughshare. Targ. Ps. GXLI, 7 (ed. 
Wil. yp^i, corr. ace). 

p'lHH m. pi. (v. Klla) rebellious acts, political 
crimes, e'sp. the unauthorized exercise of criminal juris- 
diction by Jews under the Parthian government. B.Kam. 

117* . .injij labia anion ... nn idoiyii srvftba xaiixn is 

'a 'a iiafctl . . Ms. M. (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) formerly the 
rulers were Greeks who cared not about bloodshed (ex- 
ecution by unauthorized courts), but now they are Persians 
(Parthians) who do care &c, and cry, rebellion! rebellion! 
■ — B. Mets. 39 a 'a nana niia who flees from persecution 
for political offenses; B. Bath. 38 b . [Hai Gaon derives 
our w. from the Persian, giving it the meaning of murder; 
El. to Levy Talm. Diet. Ill, p. 317 b suggests murdan, 
to die.] 

"]T)D, Gen. E. s; 71 ynal 'pliS (dilia); v. 131. 

"OTIt) (b. h.)pr.n.m. Mordecai, 1) the uncle of Esther. 
Pes. li7* a Villa st inbSI 'a M. and Esther recited (coin-pos- 
ed) those psalms of Hallel. Yeb. 24 b , v. 15; a. fr.— 2) name 
of an Amora. Keth. 87 a . Ber. 31 a ; a. fr. 

fctnOTTD f. (transpos. of '3113; 'nil; cmp. Stlia for 
fctlla&c.)' sfa/f, crutch. Targ. Y. Ex. XXI, 19 Ar. (ed. 
Willa, misplaced Var. iSaiilia, cbrr. ace). 

1"0T)D, Yalk. Deut. 945 some ed., v. 'jlis. 

TT)T2 m. (5>11=ni1 to plough)the handle of the plough, 
having on one end a broad iron blade (limn), on the 
other a spud flail). Kel. XXV, 2; Tosef. ib. B. Bath. HI?, 5. 
Num. B. s. 14; Pesik. B. s. 3 '31 'a . . rtSlttan theMishnah 
calls it mardea, whereas the Bible calls it dar'ban and 
malmdd. Ib.; Koh. B. to XII, 11 (phonetic etymol.) Siia 
nisWsi niia BiniBwardea,becauseit teaches thefplough- 
ing) cow sense. B. Bath. 11,13 (27 b ) nffliinan'ias to 'an &6a 
as far as the handle protrudes over the plough (differ, in 
comment, which take our w. to mean ox-goad). Y. B. 
Hash. I, 58 a bot. m&t 'a &6a a distance equal to the length 
of &C.—PI. SWIS, lb.— niSlla (fr. nsi*ia f.). Sabb. 12 b ; 
149 a 'a iniU the height of two ».— B. Hash. 24 a (Ms. O. 
maila, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 80); Tosef. ib. II (I), 2 
ni*OTla ed. Zuck. (Var. niSlla, niSlla). 

SSTTQ f. (Syr. snsiia, P. Sm. 604; Arab, bardaat, 
v. Er^Aram. Eremdw., p. 104) a garment made up of 
patches. Lam. B. to. I, 1 TQ1 ('ni3 mi) '31 .TVmx'o 
(ed. "Wil. 11a, corr. ace.) he has a garment made up of 
twenty four patches, v. NRBQiiX II. 

ri^~IIQ f. (preced.) pack-saddle or cushion, consisting 
of patches. Sabb. V, 2 (52 b ) '31 'aa KSli lian an ass may 
be driven out (on the Sabbath) with the cushion tied on 
his back (as a protection from cold) ; ib. 53 a . Tosef. Kil. V, 


18 'SI 'an MS )TP 8& one must not put a cushion of patches 
on his shoulder (on account of the mixture of stuffs, 
fflKbs). Y. Bice. Ill, 65 d top '31 'B3 l^SU! iYiuft his. of- 
ficial cloak is as befitting to him as an ass' pack-saddle; 
Midr. Sam. ch. VII; a. e. 

Kj^TTG, v. Kpvna. 

ISfHTQ, (ND"I1D) f. (TO) l)running about, turbu- 
lent. T TargT ProvT vil, T ll (Ms'. KrWia, read: "Tha).— 
*2) 'a KWIjis:? name of a synagogue in Caesarea (the turbu- 
lent synagogue, v. Josephus B. J. II, 14, 5). Y. Naz. VII, 
56 a ; T. Ber. HI, 6 a bot. Xn"tt» (ed. Krot. rtrma); Lam. 
B. to I, 3 Knsvra; Num. B. s, 12 Tl31"ia (prob. to be read: 

fctrftlD, Tanh. ed. Bub. Huck. 2, v. SW8, 

FTO I f. (b. h.) 1) fern, of la II, bitter.— 2) bitter taste. 
Y. Ber. VI, 10 a fn^a n^Da their bitter taste is gone.— 
3) drop, poison (v. ens), Ter. VIII, 5 'art the serpent's dis- 
charge— Esp. #aW, 6ik Hull. Ill, 1;— B. Mets. 107 b 
( Ex. XXIII, 25) 'a 11 that means (overflow of) bile, v. 
nin. — Trnsf. austerity, gravity. Cant. B. to IV, 4 (play- 
on ri^a) dVfirfi 'a ntetli ISaaffl (not SSV) from it austerity 
(responsibility) went forth to the world. Keth. 103 b pVfl 
BTTtAna 'a cast bile among the students (be austere 
against them). Sifre Deut. 323 (ref. to Deut. XXXII, 32 
rma rises) tembo »a n&ms frna asais niVfisn as to 
the great among you, their bile (austere rebuke) is dis- 
tributed among you as the juice in the grapes; Yalk.ib. 
946 '31 pa nans )fna their bile is distributed within 

J! \T2 II (b.h.) pr. Marah, a station in the desert 
(so named from its bitter waters). Snh. 56 b ; Hor.8 b ; a.e. 

/"PD III hoe, v. snail. 

STTQ IV 1) to be fat; 2) to be disobedient, v. TO 1,11. 

*&"Q.rnQ m. (an"i) pride, haughtiness. Targ. Ps. 
XXXV, ie (ed.Wil. ajarrto (v. T\m) sports). 

tXTJD m. (iVl; cmp. Lat. salvia, v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Ele- 
lisphacos) marva, a medicinal plant; KIlWl 'a white 
marva, sage. Sabb. 109 b (a defin. of yp SHK; Ms. M. iTO, 
WJTO; cmp. SWft). 

JAITG, N"lTTD m. (v. la IV) power, dominion; ty- 
ranny. ' Targ. NahT III, 14 '31 'a il&K increase the yoke 
of tyranny and force them &c. Targ. Is. XXVIII, 20. lb. 
XLVII, 2 Begia (ed. KSHQ).— V. srflla. 

&M1? f- C 1 ^) intoxicating drink. Targ. Ps. LXIX, 13 
Ms. (Id. rro).— V. ito. 

nSIIQ m., rQ'TlD f. (v. nan) Zar^e, numerous, 
frequent; o'pp. BSla";^. BiMla, niaTO. Hag. I, !>;— 
Sifra Tsav ch, xV, Par. 11 'a (ma) the more frequent 
act, v. BMa. Pes., 37%; Bets. 22 b 'a US, v. as I; a. fr.— 
B. Hash. 4 b , a. fr. naTia the larger sphere, v. BOTa. — 

Qinaa nana the priest distinguished by a larger number 
of official garments (v. Yoma VH, 5), i. e. the high priest 
during the second Temple when no anointing took place. 
Sifra Tsav, Par. 3, ch. V (ref. to Lev. IV, 5) -pa 'a 'a how 
do you know that the law refers to the high priest even 
when he has not been anointed? Hor. Ill, 4. lb. 12 a ; a. fr. 

VilTlU square, v. San. 

"filD m. fTP; cmp. 11*^), 'an the lowest, youngest. 
Gen. B. s. 23, beg. BVoattJ 'an Ar. s. v. Wan (ed. "fl-ian 


THD m. (TO I) rebel. Tosef. Maas. Sh. -I, 5 'a Sana 
(not Saaan, Var. Ilia, corr. ace.) a coin issued by a rebel 
(Bar Kokhba) ; Y. ib. I, 52 d top, v. TO I. 

TTID, X"li"lH I ch. same. Targ. Y. Lev. XXIV, 10. 
Targ.Y.INum. XXIV, 19 (not noma); a. e.—Pl. 'H'ha, 
JWfta. Targ. Job XXIV, 13 (ed.Wil.fTO; oth-ed-^-niaj. 
Targ. Is. XXX, 1 ; a. e. 

TiTD, IXTHU II (or 'a) m. (TO; cmp. Til; a. b. h. 
"TO, pl/bfflia) running wild, esp. tte irfd ass. Targ. 0. 
Gen. XVI, 12 (h. text SIB). Targ. Job. VI, 5 (Var.nsWlS). 
Ib. XXXTX, 5 ; a. e— PI. &Wha. Ib. XXIV, 5. 

X"]i"lD (or 'a) m. (TO) rebelliousness. Targ. Ps. L, 16 
(ed. Wil. Sana, 'corr. ace.). — PI. Tlila, K^TTia. Targ. 
Lam. I, 5 Knnina (some ed. Tn», corr. ace). Targ. Ps. 
XXXII, 1; 57 

rfOThH f. (TO II) running.— PL ni^ila. Tosef. 
Bekh. V, 3 (ed. Zuck. rWrlSa), v. fnix 


rnTriD, v. mria. 

^THO, v. swna. 

rTTDQ, Y. Taan. IV, 65 b hot., read: "lirra, v. Iiq. 

n1~lQ m. (b. h.; v. lTO) 1) (denom. of mn) filled with 
air. Bekh. VII, 5 (expl. Lev. XXI, 20) '31 mitt} ^3 he who 
has wind in his testicles; Tosef.ib.V, 4 (v. a^Vp); Yalk. 
Lev. 632.-2) (= nniaa, v. rrm) smashed. Ib. (B. Yishm.) 
oi iniaaaj; (Tosef/i. c.£]iniB).— [3) ^m 'a = ^ajn nsna 
6tocit complexion. Bekh. 1. c, opin. of B. Antigonos.] 

T\12rT\12 f. (ona; sub. niSUJ) plucked hair, nickname 
of a baldheaded person. Ex. B. s. 24 ; Tanh. B'shall. 18; 
Yalk. Ex. 255. 

^JHD m. (ill) intoxicating drink. Targ. 0. Lev. X, 9 
(Y. "TO SSia)" ' Targ. Zech. XII, 2 ilia.— V. Sjna. 

s^ia v. T[. 

D^niQ f., jp?. rii'lnD (nil) dripping olives. Y. Maasr. 
I, 49 a top [read:] '31 H^ilB 'a ffriiw from the time that 
the olives of the second year in the store-house begin to 
drip (from the heat). 


JtrPTlQ, Y. Orl. I, 61 a , v. smaTg. 

DT")D, Tosef. B. Kam. I, 4 Var., v. Win. 

DTTQ pr. n. m. Merom. Y. Taan. IV, 68 b top; Y. Meg. 
IV, 75 a bot. '» 13 *Wrt>(K) ; Treat. Sof 'rim XXI, 7 tlia 
Dlpa (corr. ace). Gen. B. s. 66 Vila p; Cant. VII, 1 
■pla TO; Buth E. to II, 5 taTO; Yalk. ib. 601 pia (corr. 

DllD m.(b.h.;»1) ftei^/jf, on high. Lev.E. s. 5; Yalk. 
Is. 290,vTaXfi.-PZ.aiHVia,constr.iaila. Nidd. 16 b ( 
Ben Sira) flip 'an rQIB aUtJlail he who places his (scholar's) 
seat on the heights of the city. 

NDtTQ I oh. same. Targ. Ps. LXXV, 6; a. e. — Y. 
Taan. T l, 64^ bot. rtoia siia, v. &6aia.— PL SWtfila. Targ. 
Job XVI, 19. 

^Dl"lD II f. (preced.) uplifted. Targ. Y. Ex. VI, 6, 

v. bala. ' ' 

iTSfiTQ m. (Hal) fraudulent; 'a Vi1 a case in which 
the court has reason to suspect legal trickery or conspir- 
acy. Snh. 32 b . Shebu. 30 b . 

("HQ I m. (fTia) rebellion; 'a ija rebels who surrender, 
v. WlaN*. B. Hash. I, 2 (16 a ) (differ, in comment.); v. 
also 'next w.— [B. Bath. I, 6 Ms. M., v. Vila.] 

1"iTQ IIj ; Q fTS pr. n. pi. Bett Moron, a place the 
access to which was by a narrow path. E. Hash. 18" (expl. 
Vila 153, v. preced.) 'a rva rv&Saa like going up the ascent 
to B. M. (in single file ; Var. linn rVQ). Erub. 22 b (v.Eabb. 
D. 8. a. 1. note 20).— <V. next w. 

"jilDj ']i"l" , D. 1) pr. n. pi. Mej-ow, in Galilee, south of 
Giscala." Y. Sheb'i. IX, 38 d bot. Tosef. Dem. IV, 13 ia ed. 
Zuck. (Var. pWa). Tanh. ed. Bub., P'kude 7 i» *>S1B SiSpa 
'31 'a the valley in front of M., his native town ; Ex. E. 
s. 52 yrm i» bstl) nrilt nspa some ed. (corr. ace). Cant. 
E. to VIII, 1 ia; Ex. E. s. 5, beg. 'la WV3 (not 'la). Y. 
Taan. IV, 68 d (in a fragmentary passage) flfilp ia Meron 
(in connection with Jojarib) designates the place (of the 
family).— 2) pr. n. m., v. dil».— -[Hull. 60 b Vila, ViTvO Ar., 
v. Blian.] 

nSSOtlD m. (preced.) of Meron.— PI. Wia. Koh. 
B. to XI, 2; Pesik. B'shall., p. 94 a sq. tfiJila ija. 

"OtTO-h. same, (or i?ila of Mar on). B.Bath. 156 b 
(Ms." E. 13VTO, v. Eabb. D. s' a. 1. note 3) ; Kidd. 26 b 'la ; 
Y.Peah IV,17 d 1a. 

OTljQ, Tosef. B. Kam. I, 4, v. ffla 

!^^i"IQ f. (SSI) («*Q occurrence, visitation (cmp.Slitl) . 
Targ. T Hos.'XI, 7.' Targ. Mic. VI, 3. Targ. Is. XL VII, 2 
(v. avian). 

flXITQ I f. (b. h. ; yri) running. Yalk. Gen. 109 Ttirt 

9 awvte 

rw*h install) ia (some ed. '2iialB) he (Eliezer) recognized 
that his (Laban's) running was for evil. Midr. 'Till, to 
Ps. LXIII ed. Bub. 'aa . . "p mh would run after the 
horse in speed. 

HOT iD'II f. (b.h.; ysi) oppression, arrogance. Buth 
E. introd., 'v. KiMTB 

fc^VlQ I m. (pla) a substance used for polishing, 
iprobJpumice (v. Slp'TB). B. Mets. 47 a , sq. 'aa ywp (Ar. 
ed. Koh. Jitpiaa) you may take vicarious possession with 
a vessel made of marolia (although it is too brittle 
for practical use; Tosaf.: 'date-stones used for smooth- 
ing parchment'; Eashi: 'a vessel made of baked ordure', 
v. i'ba). Ib. Spilla ed. (Ms. M. Splia, v.Eabb. D. S. a. 1. 

NJ^ilH II m. (v. JSp/Tia) saffron-colored.— PL Tpiia. 
Targ. Esthll, 6. 

TlTQ m. ( ; Tia) 1) (adj.) bitter.— PL ailiia,'p'ha. 
Bnh. 108 b '; Erub. 18^31 'a irvona Wn let my food be 
bitter as an olive leaf but given at thy (the Lord's) hand 
&e; a. e. — 2) bitter herb, esp. maror, (cmp.mxpt;) a plant, 
prob. Cichorium Itybus, Succory. Pes. II, 6, expl. ib. 39 a 
fcwsKi8miiaMs.M.(e&oniys«iTno). ib.-pinWin 'a ha 
'Si Ms. M. (ed. incorr.) as maror is soft (mild) in its be- 
ginning and hard (pungent) at its end (root). Ib. iKaa 
Ol 'a ijsrrt how can you tell that the maror (dil'la, Ex. 
XII, 8) means an herb, perhaps the gall of a kufia is 
meant? Ib. Ifi 'a staist but may I not say, maror means 
one certain species exclusively? Ib. b 'a dSD ia tfliffl to 
whatever has the taste of maror (bitter, v. supra). Ib. 'a 
pail bitter herbs which are subject to tithes merely by 
rabbinical enactment; a. ir.—Pl. dilila, vnila. Ib. a ; 

fcWnD ch. same, 1) bitterness, bitter taste. Targ.ISam. 
XV, 32 lila Eegia, v. T>1a II— Ab. Zar.31 b Khlttttl "a the 
bitter sap of cuscuta.— 2) bitter herb. — PI. fiTTa. Y.Meg. 
IV, 74 d bot.; Y. Bice III, end, 65 d , v. &Wp T il\— *3) (trnsf.) 
evil-doer.— PL S'Jiila. Targ. Y. I Deut. XXXII, 2 [prob. 
to be read: SOlila, v! Kllla.— Targ. Lam. I, 5 "Snilla, 

JTTnD f. (b. h. Sllla ; preced. wds.) venom. Pirke 
d'E. El. ch. : XIV disna niiia, v. )ti&.— PI. hiiiia troubles, 
evils. Esth.E. introd. to Par. 5 (ref.'to nila, Deut.XXXII, 
32) bVlSi 'a 1»ian ibbn (some ed. nilla) it is they (the 
grapes) that brought troubles into the world; Lev. E. 
s. 12 rWla (corr. ace) ; Gen. E. s. 15 Wan tvfomsxn )mK 
'31 'a ; Yalk. Deut. 946 (some ed. 11 la, Corr. ace). 

NOTlD, Erub. 69 a Ms. 0., v. Kiaila. 

"pDTlD vessels (?). Y. Ter. VIII, 45 d bot. )>9.). iTOI 
)fisn 'a nsaii* (prob. to be read: litoin^i&in, v. 0111 1) 
and Jie put the posts of his bedstead into four vessels 
filled with water (cmp. Ab. Zar. 32 a ; Y. ib. II, 41 b "pat& 


awrann, v. *>?■<&. 


rm ■ 

ZVHD f. intoxicating drink, v. sw"ia. 

W"ID f. (la) 1) authority, dominion. Pesik. E. s. 40 

(play onYiv-ia)* !n3ina irvnaiD plK (not rftirt) the 

district in which the lordship of the world resides; C)5<1 
'=1 by K1H 'a dlpart and the place, too, is the ruler of all 
other places (ref. to !tn*)S3, I Chr. XIII, 6, as a surname 
of Zion, v. fibs?). Ber. 48 a (in Chald. diet.) xVl rVnft Np 
'a i^apa you see that they (the Pharisees) recognize no 
(royal) authority.— 2) domestication. Sabb. 106 b (v. Til}) 
'a Slbspa WStt) it does not submit to domestication. 
Tosef. B. Kam. I, 4 'a m t)!* Var. in ed. Zuck. (sub. bffl; 
ed. dina,&na; ed. Zuck. main) if they (the animals) were 
domesticated, opp. "flTOrTfa 183. 

SrilD, fctrflTQ, 'TTlD ch. same, authority, domin- 
ion (v. xyya). Targjl Sam. I, 11 (v. mia II). Targ. Ez. 
XVI, 9 sni'-ia ed. Wil.;— Gen. B. s.'ss (play onfi*1a) 
Safel 'Ilia IMS ed. Wil. (oth. ed. SttTHa) the seat of the 
dominion of the world, v. preced — Pl~jXrn'f)ft l v. la. 

3PJ3 m. (an, transpos. of ?13; cmp. Via) 1) tube, 
spoilt; esp. £fte movable tube attached to the roof gutters 
(SlViWa). B. Bath. Ill, 6 fipWl lb V« 'an no claim, based 
on undisturbed use, can be made for the special position 
of the pipe discharging the water into the neighbor's yard ; 
expl. ib. 58 b ; Y. ib. Ill, end, 14 b dlpa . . ffii iSha 'art blpa 
'31 lfilbip the right of a pipe for the discharge of water 
into the neighbor's court can be claimed on the basis 
of undisturbed use, but not the special place of its 
discharge; (Tosef. ib. II, 13 IIJiS). Yeb. 75 b "as if the 
mutilated membrum has the shape of a spout (leaving 
the urinary canal unprotected). Sabb. 146 b 'a tffiBa hTflS 
it is forbidden, lest he shape a regular tapping tube 
(v. N113.I).— 2) a sort of cape, having the shape of a 
gutter, formed by throwing the edges of a garment over 
the shoulders backward. Ib. 147 s , v. i$0"<3. 

iX2)")12, JO^nD ch. same. Targ. Job XXXVIII, 25 
'pa (ed. Lag. ^na). — Hull. 105 b "ilia Vfff\ fiiarvix 
they put it under a spout. Gitt. 69 a 'alia Tiin. — PI. 

vana, "ona, sjat^a, ">na. Targ. Koh. n, 8 (h. text stiib 

HTO1). Targ. Job' XXVIII, 4; a. e. — Snh. 109 a ; M. Kat. 
25 b iTlBiSI 'a the spouts of the roofs of Sepphoris. 

fcO^jHQ m. (Pers, marzban, Vullers II, 1J61) [cus- 
todian 'of borderland,] prefect, duke.— PL i_BWa Meg. 6. b 
(Ms. 0. pallia, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. notes 70 a. 90). 

NSnnO, v. mm 

mm5~lD f. pi. (v, StSilla) hammers, as instruments of 
torture. Lev. B. s. 27 pVaaai 'aa Ar, (ed.; Num. K. s. 
10, beg.; Cant. E. to V, 16 n5t31 11)3, read: niStlaa or 
KMD'Haa) with hammers and whips. 

^byfTJD m. pi. (311, transpos. of tia, as in ana; 
cmp. Nmoil, nbsih &c.) mats (used for partitions), matf- 

ting. Succ. 20 a , explaining mbSlfi (v. n>Sih) 'a (some ed. 
Ertania) ; ib. '31 i^ata . . /a i»a what is marmble? B. A. 
(judging by phonetic resemblance) says, bags filled with 
foliage ; B. S. says, real matting. Ib. '31 btt) 'a Ms. M. 

(ed. trtaina). 

■■jaaflTQ, v. 


fli?"ia m„ jrf. D^nij"]^ (v. mia) banqueters.merry- 
makers.' Lev. B. s. 5 (ref. to Am. VI, 7) [read:] filla ina 
'a nvia difillb what is mirzuh s'ruhim? The banqueting 
of the feasters. 

StflDTHQ ™- (5p> transpos. of 112; cmp. ana) hammer 
(=?h. ^apa).— P/. VSl'na. Targ. Ps. LXXIII,10 (h. text 

dVi, v. bin), ib. lxxiv, 6 'aas vna (some ed. 'laaa, 

ed.Wil. 'aa, corr. ace; h.text 'a'Vv).— V. KH&na. 

nj jU m. (b. h.; fflft or (lit, with 1 inserted) merry- 
making, banquet, also tte banquet given to mourners to 
cheer them up. Lev. E. s. 5, v. rfl'na.— [M. Kat. 28 b , v. 
ia ii.]— PI. nwia, yritia, T>a/ Sifre Num. 131 inn 
'a drtb nifflsb they (the Moabites) again arranged (idolat- 
rous) banquets for them. Koh. E. to VII, 1, end VlSlb Bail 
'a lb hfiJIS . . all people lament and clap hands over the 
death of the righteous man (Samuel), and this wicked 
man(Nabal) holds banquets; Talk. Sam. 134; Midr. Sam. 
ch. XXIII. Esth. B. to I, 2; ib. to I, 9; a. e. 

&*nHa/TlDch.l)same. Keth.69 V-infra.-PiVrrt 1 ™. 
)'VTP-- ' T arg. Am. VI, 7 . Targ. Y. I Num. XXV, 2(v. Sifre 
Num. 131, quot. in preced.). — Esp. (banquet) exhilarating 
the mourner; 'a "& (?VS) the place of the mourners' meal. 
Targ. Jer. XVI, 5.— Keth. 69 a '31 'a "a SW 1«a who sits 
at the head at mourners' meals? expl. ib. b b3X 'a Ifia 
(be-ymarzeha means (house of) mourning (ref. to Jer. 1. c.).— 
2) (v. Itilia) pi. SOJHtia those who cheer the mourners. 
Targ. II Esth. I, 3 ed. Frf. (v. X^haa). — Y. Ber. Ill, 6 a top 
(reprehending the excesses at mourners' meals) . .Ilbaptl ab 
"a inab.. (not nita) after my death do not receive to- 
day mourning (condolence) and to-morrow merry-makers. 

nTT^Sn^Ta, v. nna, 'shna. 

snjrpg, v. ran*. 

SrSDHH f. = SB&nx I, hammer. Targ. Jud. IV, 21 
(quot. T in Bashi to Ber. 34 a top ; ed. ^«).— Ber. ,34 a ^S^na 
sniS31 'a3 ST'b we strike him with a smith's hammer, i. e. 
he must be taught his duty ; Meg. 25 a (some ed. 'IX). Tanh. 
Huck. 1 ; (Gitt. 56 b "IX). 

tl~|H (b. h.; sec. r. of mi) to soften; to poultice. 

Pi. ffyva 1) to strike a plaster, rub a salve; in gen. to 
mash, crush. Tosef, Sabb. V (VI), 6 nail53 rfiaah he who 
mashes ingredients for a plaster on the Sabbath; Erub. 
102 b ; Y.ib.X, 26 c .— Sabb. 75 b '31 ST<B1'aah he who spreads 
and presses the poultice over a sore; Y. ib. VII, 10 d top. 
Ib. XXII, 3 (146 a ) he must not put on wax XlfilU ij&a 
maa (Mish, Pes. nnaa, v . Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 90) be- 

cause it is, an act resembling the spreading of plaster. 
Sifra Sh'mini, Par. 8, ch. X; Eel. V, 11 B1B3 Shla if he 
smeared clay over it; Tosef. ib. B. Kam. IV, 10*;' 12. lb. 
VII, 10 VrYOfi dS mrVtt-SlB "ial and connected its rims 
with the wall by plaster or pitch; a. fr. — Part. pass. 
miaa crushed. Bekh. 44 b '31 -]Viit 'aa "Wi <not filiaa) if 
m'roah meant crushed, it ought to read m'morah &c. ; 
Yalk. Lev. 632, v. fiila.— 2) to pass (the hand) over a viscid 
mass, to wipe off, rub off. V. Sabb. VII, 10 a bot. Ttn ifilaa 
MlK he may wipe (or brush) it off with one hand; (Bab. 
ib. I4l a p&23 115a).— 3) to give a pile of grain an even 
shape, to finish the process of storing up. Maasr. I, 6 
'31 maa is" 1 !* dki ma^iaa (Y. ed. rmaa or ft^iaa) (is 
subject to tithes) as soon as he evens the pile, and if he 
does not even &c; expl. Y. ib. I, 49 a bot. '31 iBlB 1 ' 11 "p 
when he gives a finish to the surface of the pile. Ib. 
mab vara fSBS. (not (t»!>) when he has not the in- 
tention to even the pile; a. fr.— Part. pass. ftliaa, f. nmi'aa; 
^Z.-pmiaa; nimiaa. Bekh.ii a , sq.'aad^nB(Ar.dWia) 
untithed grain stored up in proper shape. Y. Peah IV, 
16 c bot. 'aa 113 a finished pile; a. e.— Tosef, Ter. IV, 15 
nniW = rtilraa. — 4) (denom. of nni) to winnow. Part, 
pass, as ab. Tosef. Maasr. II, 17 113 iTHUS 'aa nxiatl XSa 
'31 if one finds winnowed grain (which has been abandon- 
ed), if it is made up into a pile, you dare not take it, opp. 
nill&a scattered; Y. ib. Ill, 50 c bot. ^miaa nil^S. 

Nif. mas 1) to be crushed into a viscid mass. Bekh. 
VII, 5 (expl. "|8JK mia, Lev. XXI, 20) vans imaJtB *>3 
(Bab. ed., 44 b , VKN) whose testicles are crushed; (refuted 
ib. in Gem.) '31 miaa "Wil, v. supra.— 2) to be smeared 
over. Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. VII, 10 nstun dS msfflD IS until 
it is smeared over so as to be even with the rim. 
. JElhpa. hianh, Nithpa. mans to be shaped into an 
even pile, to be 'finished. Y. Peah I, beg. 15 a/ ans &6li) IS) 
13rt as long as the pile is not struck off; a. e. [Y. Maasr. 

i, 49 a bot. mamma nsian, read : ma-nua, v. supra.] 

n jQ I ch., Pa. ma same, to strike off the pile, finish. 
Bekh. li b "jita IrtSifllal who, do you mean, finished the 

l! jD II (denom. of fill) to blow up. — Part. pass. IY»la 
haughty, bold. Targ. Prov. XIV, 13 (ed. Wil. mia, corr* 
ace. ; h. text lib).— V. Kmia. 

StfQlTHjElm. (nni) friend.— PI. Tama, Wa. Targ. 
Lam. I, 19. Targ. 0. Gen. XXVI, 26 '1a'(e<3. Berl. Vllam, 
v. Berl. Targ. O. II, p. 10); Gen. B. s, 65 'la.— Sabb. 32 a , 
v. »wa I. 

X^nn'ip m. (preced.) friendly, compassionate.— PI. 
liama. 7 Targ. II Esth. I, 2 (3) 'a KiiM (ed.Lag. a. oth. 
ijiama). lb. sjsarna annas (Var. for sa^-saina, read: 

7n"lQ c. (yrr\) bath. Y. Ber. IX, i4 b top 'ah nV>sn 
prayer on entering and on leaving the bath-house. Ib. 
nplDS Sims 'a a heated (vapor) bath. Ab. Zar. Ill, 4, v. 
itJililSX; a. fr.— PI. ni&OSma. Ib, 2 b ; Sabb. 33 b . Qant. 
B. to I, 6 STPSmah <ja ymfo OSaa with a slight bath in 

one of the bath-houses. Arakh. 32 a 'a TO', Sifra B'har, 
ch. V, Par. 4; Y. Maasr. Ill, end, 51 a nvxma; a, fr. 

prnp m. (b. h.; pni) distance. Yalk. Prov. 964 h&OlB 
'aa for she (Sarah) came from a distant land; a. e. 

pn"lD m -> ^p1"!P f- (phi) abominable, unclean. 
Targ. Job" XV, 16 (h.'text 3Sns). Targ. O. Lev. VII, 18 (h. 
text 31iS). Targ. 0. Deut. VII, 26 'al that which is ab- 
ominable (cmp. Slanal). Targ. Lev. XX, 21 (ed. Berl. 
S*p T ma; h. text nis); a. fr.— PI. "ppnia. Targ. Y. Deut. 
XXIV, 4, . 

Xj?fpQ,.'"TQ, ^S^prrnTS f. (preoed.) abomination. 
Targ/rleut.' XXIV, 4. Targ. Prov. XIII, 19; a. fr. 

■]Tllflln^a, "jlttJrna (Assyr. Araah samna, Schr. 
KAT2, 380)' Marhestivan, the eighth month of the Jewish 
calendar, containing twenty nine or thirty days, varying 
between the fifth of October and the second of December. 
Targ. Y. Deut. XI, 14. Targ. II Esth. Ill, 7.— B. Hash. ll b . 

ri©rnQ 1 f, (b. h. ; v. IBfil) deep and covered pan. Men. 
V, 8; ' Sifra. Vayikra, N'dab., Par, 10, ch, XII; a. e.; v. 

ntt5nia H pr. n, pi, Marheshem (v, Hildesh. Beitr., 
p. 31).' Y.Shebi.VI, 36 c ; Tosef. ib. IV, 11 'imj ed. Zuok, 
(Var. Tlla); Sifre Deut. 51 WtiSIa; Yalk, ib. 874 KW&na. 

Q'lD (b. h.) to pluck off (hair, wool &c.);io pu.ll, Tosef. 
Sabb. IX (X), 20; Sabb. 74 b ialiam and he who plucks 
the down off the large feather of the wing. B. Mets. 68 b 
nialial m&BIIBl mil1S(Ar.hniT5) they yield wool by being 
shorn, by passing through water, and by being plucked 
(in passing bushes &c; [prob. to be read MS1B1B1 niTlTS 

Pi/oiia 1) same. Naz. 39 b '31 t)0&i& fa (Bbnif he pineed 
his hair (near the root), plucked it off, or trimmed it &c; 
( Ar. s. v. fc]bS0 : 'created a bald spot by using a depilatory'), 
Sabb. 1. c. phaa tslffla W\ Blaa he who plucks the down 
(v. supra) is guilty of an act coming under the head of 
scraping (leather),— Part, pass. Bliaa bald-headed. Naz. 
46 b ; Yoma 61 b 'aa I^IS; Tosef. Naz. I, 6 Bliafi; Y.ib.VI, 
end, 55 d pl^ai 1115 (read: 'aa lifl or alia).— 2) to smooth, 
polish. Num.B.s.12 »Haa Ml5hS(prob. to be read:fialiaa) 
polished bronze. 

Nif, alas to be plucked, to be bald. Sifra Thazr., Par. 5, 
ch. X'31 11BX1 'S if his head became bald through sickness. 

12*12 I ch. same. Targ. 0. Lev. XXI, 5. Targ. Jer. 
XVI, 6 ;'a. e— Part, Bila, pi. yiBla. Targ. Is. L, 6 ed. Lag. 
(oth. ed. loia; ed. Wil. folia). 

Ithpe. B^lanx to be laid bare, to have the shoulder un- 
covered (in mourning), v. fbtl. Targ. Bz. XXIX, 18 (ed. 
Wil. aianx; h. text halla; Pesh. f'bn). 

Pa. B^la, v. infra. 

Palp, a^ala to pull to pieces, to divide, plunder. Targ. 
Job XVI, 11 aaiaa ed. Lag. (Ms. BTJia, Var. Blaa Pa,; 
h. text iJBIi). Targ. Ps. XXXIX, 3 B^Blaa 1313 he lacer- 
ates my wound (h. text 13S3).— Hull. 92 b trb BBlaa he 
pulled the fatty fibres out (going to the root). 


TH 1 ? 

Ithpalp. aaiariis/ais to fee tor« to pieces, dismembered. 
Ab. Zar. 69 a Ibis' iMBIBiS (the mouse in the liquid) was 
dismembered. Nidd. 56 b BiDlBiS IDIBIBS it would have 
been dismembered. [Koh. E. to X, 16 hBlaniS, read: 

roianis, v. sia I.] 

I3TD II, X'Q'IID m. (preced.) 1) baldness. Targ. 0. 
Deut. XIV, 1. Targ.' Is. XV, 2; a. fr. — 2) plucked wool, 
tuft. Sabb. 49 a TQBK ijlbl 'aa of wool plucked from be- 
tween the flanks (of a living animal, whioh contains 

ispscna, wsfcTjo, ft&Kfla m. (preced.) d tuft 

of plucked wool, &c; lint. Y. Kil. IX, end, 32 d 'al i5^>5i& 
laS a compress of wool lint; "jrYOI 'al of linen lint. Y. 
Sabb. IV, end, 7 a '31 'a 3&51 "|Sa iVw if one takes a tuft 
of wool and puts it on his head in cold weather. Y. Yoma 
VIII, 44 d top; Y. Taan. I, 64 c 'a iin soaked a tuft.— 2) a 
garment made of (plucked) wool (v. P. Sm. 2224; Arab. 
mirt species indumenti ex lana &c), a coarse garment. 
Targ. Prov. XXV, 20. lb. XXVH, 13. — PI. y>D>Kn». Y. 
Maas. Sh. I, 52 d hot. libiBlDla Sli3 yii!*l . . . 111b IS (not 
l^bB . . .) E. S. is still alive, and you hang your garments 
on him, i. e. you refer to him as your authority I 

Ktfitt*113, n&^"lD,read: h&iblam. (&&1; cmp. 
S3d1ln) hash of small fish or locusts preserved in salt. Y. 
Ab. Zar. II, 42 a top (v. bDllin). 

- iHOTTaia, v. ™^a. 

^212112, fcWtflD, v. s^Biia. 

fctj^nn, m. 1) (transp. of SplBa, q. v.) wAip. Yoma 
77 a .— 2)' withered flesh, v. Spllia.' 

■nig. v. no. 

''"112 1, 1X112 (b. h.) to 6e strong, fat. 

Eif. Sila^fe fatten, stuff. Sabb. XXIV, 3 (155 b ) pS 
'bl diiaa (Y. ed. piaa; Bab. ed. yisaWB, v. lax II) you 
must not stuff calves (on the Sabbath), v. iiSIs? 1 ? I. 

"HQ II, ftlQ (b.h.; v. preced.; cmp. la, Mia) to rebel 
against. Part. illia.— 'al lll&flb) the rebellious son, ame- 
nable to the law (Deut. XXI, 18-21). Snh.VIII, 1 inaisa 
'al '& p 'filBM when is one to be dealt with as a sorer 
umoreh? Ib.68 b ;,— P^diiia,1i7ia,v.ft1iaII,a.&ilia. 

Hif. Fllan 1) io waite strong, energetic. Gen. E. s. 42, 
end (play on Slaa) 'bl biiS irilB he showed a stern coun- 
tenance against Abraham (rebuking him). — 2) to provoke, 
to rebel. Y. Kidd. IV,. beg. 65 b (play on las, Neh.VII,61) 
'bl bs'b llailnlB they provoked God with their evil doings. 
Ex. E. s. l', end 'bl nilarti dmnsffii that they will rebel 
at the Eed Sea; a. fr. — Esp. to disregard the authority of 
the Supreme Court (v. Slaa II). Snh. 14 b ; Sot. 45 a ; a.e.— 
3) to incite one against the other, to arrange a race; to 
bet. Snh. 25 b (expl. dW ifiilSa) 'bl yilaaffl those who 
race doves (and bet on them). Sabb. 31 a top J1S T\) lIBtlll) 
ill who entered a wager. 

"HD>' 1X1T2 ch. same ; Af. ilas to provoke. [Targ. 
Zech. XII, 10, "v. 11a].— Sot. 35 b top niiiaisi Tp'ros }sa 

(Ar. ed. Koh. s. v. last: maisl "plaiS, corr. ace.) who 
provoked thee that thou didst get angry?; Num. R.s.5, 
end. — Gen. B. s. 42 (play on Ssias) 'bl i$SSl liasi he. 
provoked and made sport of &c. 

Ithpe. ilB^S, 'J3S 1) to get angry. Num. E. 1. c. nilBSl; 
Sot. 1. c, v. supra. — 2) to quarrel, rebel. B. Mets. 84 b 
S11B1S Ms. M., v. 11B.— Hull. 58 b Sp3^ . . . 1S1KHS Ar., v. 
S|3a (ed. 'ba . . . SIBi's she ran away in anger from &c, 
v.lla). Keth. 63 b Waist quot.inBashi to Job XXXIX, 18 
(ed. iiliais). — 3)fo refuse to abide by a bargain;to retract. 
B. Mets. 77 a tresis Will . . SIpuS labor became dearer, 
and the laborers struck. Ib.3"nS3 ilaiSl Ar. ( 
lai, v. Ila I) and the employer refused &c. 

112) JiSD pr. n. m. Mari, name of several persons. 
Sabb. 154 a (v. marginal note); B. Mets. 110 a rQI H13 'a 
bsiaffl; B. Bath. 149 a (Sllii ll&isi) m3 'a.— Y. Ber.VI, 
10 b top 'a lb priS"i bl (Bab. ib. 51 a top fiS&pbp pn»i); 
cmp. ThlB.— B. Mets. 39 b v. pOT*.— Bets. 28 b hH3 'a 
Kftia 311 ; a. several others. 

ixna, v. K*TB. 

J J '112 name of a ji'eweZ in the high priest's breast- 
plate. Targ! Cant. V, 14 (corresp. to drTO, Ex. XXVIII, 20). 

<"D"HD f. (b. h. ; 311) strife. Num. E. s. 3 'a b^Bafl 
'bl those who caused strife between him and her. Ib. S|S 
'a i*>S3 lift drt they, too, were men of strife. Pesik. E. 
s. 20 dns 'a UBiX dbWa you have at all times been in 
the opposition. Ib. iiJilab bilais dins (corr. ace.) you 
are of the opposition. Midr. Till, to Ps. CIII *n WffiS I 
entered a contest. B. Mets. 59 a ; a. fr. 

M"HQ a word in an incantation. Sabb. 67 a v. I^ia. 


.KT"]D m. (preced.) rebellious. Targ. Prov. XVII, 11 
'a S13S ed. "Will. (ed. Lag. XTna; h. text iia). 

JlTIH f. (Tna) rebellion. Norn. E. s. 18, beg.; Tanh 

JtnTHD, Hull. 59 a top, v. sninia, a. snin«. 
nna, v.hiina. 

"'IS'DTTQ m. pi. (MapetoTTji;) the people of Mareotis, 
a district of Lower Egypt with the town of Marea. Targ. 
Y. Gen. X, 13 (some ed. WBla); Targ. I Chr. I, 11 ed. 
Eahmer (ed. Lag. iSDSIa/read V for »; h. text diaiS). 

fcCTHQ, Pes. 39 a Mus., v. ISili. 

"jT^ilQ pr. n. m. (Mapi<ov) Marion, name of several per- 
sons. Y. Succ. II, 53 a 'a lb phSi (cmp. i"ia); Pesik. R.s. 15 
lla ; Yalk. Hos. 518 ; a. e— M. Kat. 1 l b I^TT irna 'a.— B. 
Bath. 12 b 'a ia iai i&bS ib (Ms. M. "Iia; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 
1. note 10) as (improved as) the estate of the house of Bar 
M.— B. Mets. 84 b 'a 13 "03. Ms. M. (ed. 1113 i>3). — Yalk. 
Euth 601, v. taila. 

VP112 m. (Mia) rebel— PI. diiiila. Pesik. Ekhah, p. 
122^, vis'iBpBS (v., however, ibis III). 



^TTHQ m.(preoed.) a haughty man. Targ. Prov.XXI, 
24 (iJtext IW). 

fcO'HS, <"P^"}0 pr. n. m. Jfargra (omp. »na). Y. Pes. 
V, 32 cT bot.; Y. Pekh I, 15 c top Hfla; Y. Ter. XI, beg., 47 c 
fmo; Y. Ab. Zar. H, 41 c top K">i1a (corr. aoc); Y. Bice. 
II, 64 d tfila; Y. Erub. VII, beg. 24 b 'a 15 (oprr. ace). 

D 'TQ (b. li.) pr. n. f. Miriam, 1) sister of Moses. Sot. 
I, 9 (9 b ). Ex.B.s.l; a. v. fr.— 2) name of several persons. 
Lam. B. to I, 16, v. Birvtt.— Ib.; Pesik. B. s. 29-30-30 (ed. 
Pr. p. 140 a ) M., daughter of Nakaimon.— Lam. B. 1. c. M., 
daughter of Nahtom; Yalk. Deut. 938 (of Tanhum). — 
M. the hair-dresser; M. the children's nurse, v. i>iai,II.— 
M. a member of the priestly family of Bilgah. Tosef. 
Succ. IV, 28; Succ. 56 b ; Y. ib. V, end, 55 d ; a. others.— 
3) Imma Miriam. Keth. 87 a ; 88 b . — [Buth B. to II, 5, 
v. tri-ia] 

niD^ID, Cant. E. to I, 6, read: fiiasia, v. n331a. 

Hull. 62 b . B. Bath. 3 b . Ab. Zar. 3 

3 of several Amoraim. 

b 'aa mra isa (Pes. 

0"1D"Hj2 pr.n.m.(Mapivoc).MarMM«s, name of several 
persons. Tosef. Toh. VII, 7.— B. Bath. 56 a .— Lam. B. to 
II, 22. Y. Gitt. IV, 46 a . 

THT2 m. (v. Sla) weak, ailing. Targ. Mai.. I, 8 'al (ed. 
Lag. 5>lal) that which is sick; ib.13.-P/. I^yna, SWIa, 
iS"i"ia. Targ. Y. Ex. XVIII, 20. Targ. Ez. XXXiv, 4 (ed. 
Lag.'x*3la).— B. Hash. 16 a 'axi ""TOpX . . p^xa we pray 
now for the sick and the ailing ; Ned. 49 b U)aa "n^ap iT*2p 
pi 'a by k'tsire we mean the really sick, by m'ri'e we 
mean the scholars (in delicate health). 

rWHQ f. (denom. of 31) friendship, sociability, so- 
cial gathering. M. Kat. 22 b . — [Tosef. Shebi. II, 4, v. 
mania II.] 

!"I!£"H/9 I f. C]>S1) a tool for crushing bones, stones &c. 
Shek. Viii,'2 '3i ■prTPani 'am ya yin Ms. M. (ed. 

pimian, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note; Ms. M. 'Small; Y.ed. 
omits our w.) except the basket (for gathering disinterred 
bones for burial), the shovel, and the crusher, and things 
specially designated for burial purposes. Y. ib. 51 a bot. 
pStn W* rCPHaiB 'a T'a (v. Babb.D. S. to Bab. ed., p. 68 a ; 
Bab.ed. add niiaph mb) he who, calls the tool m'ritsah 
(instead of pISS) does so, because it makes the stones 
run (fr. Wl), i. e. makes them portable. 

rtrnxDii, v.ns^i. 
^-!a,np;-iq, T na. 

'!"Tj2*HD f. (pla) scouring, washing. Sifra Tsav, 
Par. 3, T ch! VII Wii np^iaa 'a the m'rikah (Lev. VI, 21) 
means like washing a cup, contrad. to nSiaiD (rinsing) ; 

Zeb. XL 7. Tosef. ib. X, 14 ingila their being washed; 

thd i, nthd m., tfT-ia, tf ?)~™ i (■?») 

bitter; embittered, grieving. Targ. I Sam. XXII, 2. Targ. 

0. Gen. XXVH, 34 'a ed. Berl. (ed. 'a); Y. SPrPla. Targ. 
II Esth. IV, 1 ; a. fr.— [Targ. Pro v. XVII, 11 ''a 8133 (ed. 
Wil. Nl^la; h. text ">ia).]— Ber. 56 a KBtt "O '"pBS 'a thy 
business will be bitter (thy goods disliked) like lettuce 
(v. NOn I). Sabb. 127 b bot. B. Mets. 113 b ; a. fr.— B. Bath. 
20 a bot. tttTfnaa bitter (salt) is meant.— PI. fTTa, SWa, 
'a; t.)ym. Targ. Ex. XV, 23. Targ. Num. V, 18, sq. Targ. 
IKings II,' 8 (ed. Lag. KTna, corr. ace.).— [Targ. Y. Num. 

V, 24 XrYiT>1a, read:. K*1 ].— Lam. E. to III, 40, v. 


"l"HQ II, m. > X~" , "]D f. (preced.) bitterness, bitter dis- 
position* grief. TargT I Sain. XV, 32 KrVia "Via (Eegialila) 
the bitterness of death. Targ.Ez.HI,14. Targ.'ls.XXXVIli, 
17; a. fr.— V. Klniila. 

T]~T i ~']2 f. (b. h. ; preced. wds.) [b. h. bile,] bitterness, 
trnsf/l) sin. Ex. B. s. 43 (ref. to imi, Ex. XXXII, 11) 
'31 ItWra "^n sweeten thou the bitterness of Israel (pardon 
their 'sins) and heal them. — PL nilila. Ib. nymffl ia 
lS^IB 'an one to sweeten our bitternesses (to pray for us). 
Lev. B. s. 12 (ref. to Deut. XXXII, 32) '31 'a IX-anil} lW>H 
it is they (the grapes) that brought sins &c. — 2) (v. next 
w.; cmp. ttW^II) curse. Midr. Till, to Ps. XC, 9 (expl. 
nan ib.; cmp. nan a. ixJS) 'a It that means 'curse'. 

TTHD, iCT""! *HD oh. same, 1) bitterness. Targ. Prov. . 
XIV, 10. : Targ. T Ps. LXXV, 9 ed. Lag. (oth. ed. smns).- 
Targ. Esth. IV, 1.— 2) curse. Targ. O. Num. V, 24; 27 '(Ms. 

1, III 11»; ed. Berl. a. Y. Dlls ; h. text t)">1a); v. preced. 

nTYHH, Tanh. M'tsora 1 V 'ail, v. WlTia I. 

jtfnrpiq, v. m. 

^ J 1 j22 m. (b. h.; v. preced. arts.) {poisonous,'] 'a aap 
or 'a (Keteb) M'riri, name of a demon. Num. E. s. 12; 
Lam. E. to I, 3; Tanh. Naso 23; Midr. Till, to Ps. XCI, 6; 
Yalk.Ps.842. Pes.lll b . Ber. 5 a ( Deut. XXXII, 24). 


SKIA'T^Gl f. (11a) 1) bitter, v. Tno I.— 2) also Km-Ha, 
&tt-illa=h. ma, ^aS, Wfe. Targ. Y. Ex. XXIII, 25 'a nha 
affection of the gall, v. ma I; a. e— Keth. 50 a .1^11 11a 
'31 the gall of a white day ah (v. ST^). Pes. 39 a , v. VOWS. 
[Ib. noma niiaa; «n*nas, v. srpma.] 

IZJ^Hm. (contr. of lBISta, v. B^H; cmp. Targ. of ^fflnia, 
Job XVII, 1 1 : irrft) j'oisi, 6eam (cmp. X1TO3). Gitt. V, 5 'an 
'31 Vita)! an illegally taken joist which was placed in a 
group of buildings. B. Kam. 66 1 ' (ref. to Gitt.l. c.) 'a iim 
'31 1X112)3 here is the case of the maresh (where the stolen 
object changed its name), before it was placed it was nam- 
ed K111B3, and now it is »Vx> (ceiling); a. iv.—Pl. niujila. 


3; (collect.) timber. Targ. Hah. II, l: 

lb; 67 a , v. ais. Y. B. Bath. I, beg. 12 d ■nitj'na i"S Ttem 
it means (a protection) by means of its timber (roofing). 

Targ. I Kings VI, ; 

H^D, (fl'TD) m. (denom. of niia), 'a Ian first flow 
of trodden grapes, sweet wine. Targ. Is. XLIX, 26 (h. text 
&1&S) ; a. e. 


tflQ (denom. of ^ntoj ^31) to be soft; to soften. 
Nithpa. fptira to be softened; liquefied (of the brain 
or the spinal column). Hull. 45 ll , v.fD'iafl 

*PQ ch. same. 
■ Itph'e. 1\" f yar» (cmp. tpia) to 6e /ktwf, become unsteady. 
Targ. 0. Deut.XIX, 5 ed. Berl., v. Sla. 

33 JU m. (b. h. ; 331) riding seat, saddle, handle of 
the saddle, esp. 'a (nsalB) that degree of uncleanness which 
arises from an unclean man's riding (Lev. XV, 9) ; un- 
clean saddle. Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. II, 7 ; Erub. 27 a tpMttl 
'a NaB Hianni 3ffiHa xats the saddle itself (on which an 
unclean man sat) is unclean as a seat, and its handle is 
unclean as a riding implement, Kel. I, 3. Zab. V, 8; a. fr. 

fcGiHH, "ID ch. same. Targ. Lev. XV, 9; a. e. 

TOyi2 f. (b. h.; preced.) chariot. Esth. E. to I,. 2 
(ref. to T li Chr. IX, 17) [read:] To ittJ in331a3 I'ltBS ti">TVii 
'31 it was made like the chariot of him who spoke and 
the World existed. Num.R.s.12 nS33Tai . . HISS Igrath . . 
and her chariot; a. e. — Esp. the divine chariot of the 
vision of Ezekiel (Ez. I) ; 'a rasa, or 'a the mystic specu- 
lations on the divine chariot, esoterics. Gen. B. s. 82 irYONii 
'art fl p the patriarchs are the divine chariot. Hag. 
II, 1. lb. 13 a 'an na»aa "paSX I shall instruct thee in the 
secret of the vision of Ezekiel. lb. 'an nt!Wa pin IS up to 
which verse (in Ez.I) do the speculations on 'the Chariot' 
go (the communication of which is subject to certain re- 
strictions) ?— Tosef . Meg.IV(III),28. Cant. E. to I, 4 (ref . 
to minib.) 'a i-lin Qnb nhil...'pa how should Ezekiel 
be able to reveal to them the inwardness of the Chariot ? 
lb. 10 '31 'a iTina Naffl hast thou perhaps been studying 
the secrets of the Chariot?; Lev. E. s. 16 'a 11133 (corr. 
ace);— PI. ni33la. Pesik. Bahod., p. 1.07 b ; Pesik. 
E, s. 21; 

sS J J3 iD m . (preced.wds.) chariot-driver. Targ.I Kings 
XXII, 3*. ! 

NFQSTG ch.=h. nasna; Nlpi nasia thedivine Chari- 
ot. Targ. I Kings VII, 33; a. e. 

liiHD, v. E]i3la. 

^iBTQ, (3i2"lD)m. (cmp.fc)i31») markofaiwe of a 
musical instrument made stationary. Kel. XV, 6 lirto 'an 
the m. (used in the Temple) is not susceptible of un- 

cleanness. lb. XVI, 7 lal bw 'a the m. used for the ac- 
companiment of songs; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. V, 10. 

b3T3,bliHD m. =Vi3im. Y. Sabb. X, 12 c . Y. Shek. 
V, 49 a ; : a. e.— A ■pViSla. Shek. V, 3 Y. ed.; a. e. 


X/GTQ, v. 3aia. 

tV2T\U f.(b.h.; nan) fraud, guile. Num. E. s.20. Koh. 
E. to I, 16 'a nffihS 3^n the heart plans fraud; a. fr. 

^Tl'H'lH m.(v.L6wPfl.,p- 252) Origanum Mar jorana, 
marjoram, an aromatic plant. Gitt. 69 b top 'al Kills Ar. 
ed. Koh. (other ed. Ar. y\ft . . .; Talm. ed. 'pfl . . .) a piece 
of the stem of marjoram. 

" I X ! IQ" , ID f. Cjra-i, v. NSai) a wound from stepping on 
a "pointed stone. Koh. E. to VI, 11 'a Kin IX (not in), v. 

(TO □ l/Jj a corruption, prob. to be read: naala f. 
(Sal) trance, catalepsy. Gen. E. s. 1-7 (and thence copied 
in s. 44; Yalk. Gen. 23 KBala; Yalk. Sam. 139 NBialll). 

-mn, v. 11a. 

i<^D"lD, 4m UlJ2 m. (marmor, jxap^apo?) marble, 
in gen. polished stone. Targ. Y. Deut. IX, 9, sq,; a. e.— 
PI. ■piaia, &Wal». Ib, V, 19. Targ. Esth. I, 6. Targ. 
I Chr. XXIX, L Targ. Lam. Ill, 9.— V. JsOaia. 

Da"TDm., fctDDlCl f. (tail) uplifted, high. Targ. 0. 
Ex. VI, 6 (ed. Viem Kola"; Y. Kaila), Targ. Y. I Ex. XIV, 
8; a. fr. 

D/U ]H m. (b. h.; &ai) £/w£ m)/m'c7j «'s trodden upon. 
Tanh. ed. Bub., B'resh. 23; Yalk. Dan. 1066 'a Dn ifia IS 
n"l!*b how long will they be trodden upon by the nations ? 
Gen. E. s. 21 '31 *|a6a i3Sfc 'a trodden upon by the angel 
of death. 

S^CTlD^f. Opal) casing, ouch.— Pi. l^ala, xmaia. 
Targ. Ex. XXVIII, 13, sq. (h. text msaiDB) ; 'a. e -V/pol I. 

nana, na-j^v. 11a, 11a. 

"1D1D, Y. B.Bath. X, 17 c some ed., read: 1»ia, v. lal. 

Stf"1D"P m. (v. Stliala) white, marble. Succ. 51 b Kffii© 
'al s6ni3 yellow, black and white marble; B. Bath. 4 a ; 
Yalk. Deut. 913— PI. yiala (marmora) marble or cement- 
ed pavement. Targ. Esth. ij 6.— Y. Ter. VIII, 45 d bot. 13m 
'a lVl!S &WP3 in3 sat in a house the pavement (of which) 

£HQ (b. h.) pr. n. m. Meres, one of the attendants of 
King Ahasver. Esth. E. to I, 14, v. next w. 


0"")Q, Pi. Oyva (denom. of &ia fr. 6b*i) to crush ; to 
rub; to stir. Esth. R. to I, 14 (play on D^a ib.) Snaa iTirUIJ 
WlBWrt tt* he prepared the hash of birds; ib. (play on 
fcWDla, ib.) Mhtofl M8 Slaa STS-iID he stirred the flour 
(making dough). Ib. din nx "pssb 'aa Ta (not hibisst, v. 
infra) who will stir before thee the blood (of the sacri- 
fices)?; filrtdil ...'aa i» who will stir the flour (for the 
meal offerings)? Ib. (play on ■plana NSbSa ana, ib.) last bSaa 
'31 *jjaal S'iOa I will crush, chop and dissolve their lives 
&c; Meg. 12 b -piBb did -lb^a dl*>3 did they ever stir the 
blood (of sacrifices) before thee? nifijad "pisb l6T>a dlia 
did they ever stir the flour for the meal offerings &e.?; 
Yalk. Esth. 1051 «na. YomalV, 3; V, 3; a. fr. — Shebi. 
II, 10 '31 mua ■pO'iaa you may, in the Sabbatical year, 
stir (mix) the ground of a rice field with water (so as to 
make it dough-like). 

tHHch.same. Targ.Esth. 1, 14.— Gitt. 69 a '31 h^d-lSM, 
and let him rub it (the garlic) with oil. — Part. pass. O^ia. 
Targ. 0. Ley. XXI, 20 (h. text filla, v. rna). Ib. XXII, 24 
(h. text -JlSa). 

WDTD (b. h.) pr. n. m. Mars'na, one of the attend- 
ants of King Ahasver. Esth. E. to 1, 14; a. e., v. G^a. 

2?~)D, 12 m. (ssn) shaking, weakening. Y. B. Mets. 
I, end, 8 a '31 yrQ -'a "^Ba because this would injure the 
privilege of the purchaser. 

3J~|D I (denom. of next w.) 1) to become or be weak, 
fall sick. Targ. Is. XIV, 10. Ib. XXIII, 4 (h. text Vkri). 
Targ. Ps. XLI, 9 (h. text 33113, v. next w.) ; a. e.— 2) to be 
shaken, quake; Targ. Mic. IV, 10. 

Af. snax to make sick, afflict. Targ. 0. Deut. XXIX, 
21. Targ. Y. II Gen. 111,15. 

Pa. 3na same. Targ. Jer. XIV, 17 ; Targ. Nah. Ill, 19 
(not"yzq) grievous (h. text rfaro).— Part.pass. S"iaa suffer- 
ing, unwell. Targ. Jer. XIV, 18. Targ. I Sam. XIX, 14 ed. 
Lag. (oth. ed. Sla 3.131B, v. next w.). Targ. I Kings XIV, 5 
ed. Lag. (oth. ed. Sla); a. e. 

Ithpa. S^anx, Wipe. S^art* 1) to fall sick. Targ. I Kings 
XIV, 1 (ed. Lag. Sla). Ib.XXII, 34 ed. Lag. (oth. ed. sna). 
Targ. II Sam. XIII, 2; a : e. — Koh. E. to X, 16 (ref. to 
rose, I Kings in, 19) i-fes nsnarm (not fiol...) she fell 
sick (fainted and fell) upon him (cmp. Targ. to Ps. XLI, 9) ; 
a. e. — 2) to feign sickness. Targ. II Sam. XIII, 5, sq. — 
3) to be shaken, quake. Targ. Jer. LI, 29. 

V"]T2 II, 2?"1D m. (denom. of SS-j) sick, suffering. Targ. 
Y. Gen.' XVIII, "l ''31 DO^Sa 'a (not'iSa) suffering from 
the wound &o. ; Targ. Y. I Deut. XXXIV, 6 '31 IrYTiaa 'a. 
Targ. O.Gen.XLVIII,l S'la ed.Berl.(oth.ed.a. Y/a MB)) ; 
a. fr.-^-Esp. (in Talm. also in Hehr. diet.) 'a TOffl danger- 
ously HI, expected to die. Targ. I Sam. XIX, 14(v.preced.).— 
B. Bath. IX, 6 '31 an3U) 'a 31311) if a sick man assigns 
all of his property to a stranger (as an unqualified do- 
nation, v. iisna). Ib. 'a 'tO fid dro s6 if it was not stated 
in the document that he was sick; 'a 'ID lalK fctlfi 

SliM he (the donor) says that he was sick (at the time), 
opp. Slid. Ib. 152 a , a. fr. 'a IB Wria the donation of 
a sick man; a. v. fr.—PJ. 'pS'ia, JK^Sna. Targ. Y.I Deut. 

I. c. Targ. Ps. CXXVI, 1 '31 'a -pii iike the sick when 
recovering (h.text diabns, v. din I). Targ. Ez.XXXIV,4; 
a. e.; v. TffQ.—Fem. ims, Krona, RtiWa Targ. Ps. 
LXIX, 21 SBTia txn WTl'ed. Lag.' (Var.KXla, cler. error; 
ed. "Wil. N&ipn HVT sni; h. text niOTXl). Targ. Cant 

II, 5. Ib. V, 8. Targ. Koh. V, 12; 15'; a; e.—Pl. "'jitoria. 
Targ. Y. Gen. XXX, 36 (some ed. ISS'na). 

3HQ III, fiOHQ c. (preced.) evil, sickness, affliction. 
Targ. I Kings VIII,' 37. Targ. Koh. VI, 2 ; a. fr.— B. Bath. 
153 a (in a formula of a deed of donation) '31 ■VTS'ia ISal 
and in consequence.of (this) his sickness he departed &c. — 
PI. -pS-ia. Targ. O. Ex. XXIII, 25. Targ. Ps. CXVI, 3 Wa 
Ms. (ed. Wa); a. fr. 

VTD, v. W I. 

flSHD m. (b. h. ; US'! I) pasture. , Pesik. E. s. 1 6 ; Yalk . 
Kings' 176 (expl. "W1, I Kings V, 3) 'an " ( a directly from 
the pasture ground. Num. E. s. 10 'ail i>3 the whole 
flock ; a. e. 

WlD, XniS'lH f . = Sna III. Targ. Ps. EXXVII, 1 1 

■TP_I, ^^/ ? na. Targ.Y.IGen. 
XIII, 7. Targ. H Esth. IV, 1.— PI. ^sna, "Via. Tern. 18 a 
IMiWiaa "i&X even if you have to take them away from 
their pastures, v. SU^ia. — [Targ. Y. Deut. XXXIII, 24, 
v. WIIJ 

"^"ID II m. (v. WII) dung. Targ. Y. IILev. XVI, 27 


rP2T]D If. (b.h.; n$~\I)pasture-ground,pasture. Pesik. 
E. s, 26, end '31 'a ftiUBS Kifll and she (Zion) has become 
a pasture-ground for the beasts of the field. B. Mets, 86 b 
(fusion of Hebr. a. Chald.) '31 irvsnaa Tin yistisa. (v. 
Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 60) they bring from his pasture an 
ox that has not been forced (used for labor) &c; Yalk. 
Kings 176 (not "ifWnaa) ; a. e— Trnsf. feeding one's eye, 
satisfaction. Cant. E. to IV, 5 (ref. to dis-fi, ib.) "pim 
'31 Iriiyia firVfl where did-the Israelites have their satis- 
faction on Egypt ? 

rP^TQ II, SiTSHD If.=»nena, evil &c. Targ. 
Ps. CXXIV, 4 (h. text rfrriD); a. e./v. W"ia. 

fctrPSHQ II f. ch.=h. n»"ia. Targ. I Chr. IV, 39, sq. 


^bS"]D, / " 1 ?.")1Q m. 0&y long pouch thrown over 
an animal's back, haversack. Lev.E. s. 25 ; Koh.E. to 11,20. 


fc©TQ m. (b. h.; NB1) healing, recovery. Keth. 103 a 
'a ftias'n "plUb (v. Prov.* XII, 18) the tongue of the wise 
teaches medicine (indirectly, ref. to Pes. II, 7). — Esp. 'your 
health', a wish uttered to one sneezing. Tosef. Sabb. VII 
(VIII), 5 '31 JIT ">1h 'a laian (not laxn) to say marpe is 
a superstitious practice (v. h liaiS;). lb. '31 iJSB 'a lax s6 
did not say m. (at college), because it is an interruption 
of study; Ber. 53 a . 

StfSTlD m. (preced.) surgeon, operator. Mekh. Mishp., 
N'zik., s. 4 rVartU) 'a a surgeon who caused the death 
of his patient (through negligence), v. 619 II. 

Snrp")£>~0 f. pi. name of certain fruits (prob. so named 
from their loosening effect on the bowels, v. flBI), perh. a 
certain kind of apples. Y. Maasr. I, 48 d bot. 

D"£HD, v. biBJa. 

p"©TQ, Nj^STia, v. p&ia, KpBia. 

OSTQ m. (b. h. IDBla; 6B1) that which is trodden. 
Pirke T d'B. El. ch. XLVII bill OBla bx 15 . . . nnffip i&V 
that no Israelite shall drink the wine of idolaters, but 
only wine trodden with their own feet (allud. to Ez. 
XXXIV, 19). 

ilpSTQ f. (preced.) a gallery or balcony to which 
doors of the upper compartments open, and from which 
steps lead down to the court. Erub.VIII,3 'a "»UMX tenants 
that have a common gallery; ib. 83 b , sq. Wa i&ta Y'bp 
'31 m*© at first it was thought marpeseth (in Mishn. 1. c.) 
meant the dwellers of the upper story, and they are so 
called, because they go up to their rooms by the way of 
the gallery; 'a3 billfi 'jrilR those who have rooms on 
the gallery itself. Tosef. ib. IX (VI) ; 19; a. fr. 

pST? m. (pBI; cmp. Arab, marfik) elbow. Sabb.X, 3 
(92 a ). Arakh. V, 1 ip^BIa IS up to his elbow (Tosef. ib. 
Ill, 2 V^SSrl). Ohol. I, 8 'an 6*011) two joints are in the 
elbow. Gen. B. s. 44 '31 ipBlaa Vftto -pHYlX held him by 
his elbow that he might not fall; ib. s. 65; Yalk. Gen. 
115; Yalk. Is. 313. 

JtfpSRQ ch. same; pi. constr. ""gfirra same. Targ. Ez. 
XUI, T 18 ;'(Tosaf. to Men. 37 a quotes ' 1 p" l B1'3, E. S. to Ohol. 

1,8 ipBIa); v. p31a. 

VHD (b. h.; sec. r. of fll) to quicken. 

Nif. yroi to be made rapid, to flow rapidly in a gutter. 
Tosef. Par. IX (VIII), 8 ywiosni "pafflasn eian ed. Zuck. 
(Var. "pIMrflj v. 135; B. S.'to Par. IX, 5 ■ppltSrn) water 
running slowly in a channel or rapidly in a gutter. Num. 
B. s. 9 (play on yiai, Mic. II, 10) '31 1t»a C)N13; Sabb. 
105 a (play on TfsSii, I Kings II, 8), v. ■jl'pi'na'ia. 

"•DI^HD f. (031) contusion. Koh. B. to VI, 11 (a gloss 
to islam) 'a 6ila1X 12)11 some read martsumi. * 

^iTlZQ.m., only in pi. 6iB>iS1a, 'pWS'la (t)Sl) packing 
bags, leather bags, esp. adapted for snip-loads. Kel. 

XX, 1 (ed. Dehr. ^SSIa). B.Bath.V, 1. Y. Sabb. X, end, 
12 d , v. pin; a. fr. — [Cmp. jxapaiitoi;, marsupium, prob. of 
Semitic origin.] 

rpjna, v. M ^a 

?3»TQ m. (b. h.; Sal) awl, borer. Kidd. 21 b tfianV 'an 
Vmn 'art 'the awl' (Deut. XV, 17), this includes the largest 
awl (borer); Sifre Deut. 122; a. fr.— PI. "pSSla. Kidd. I.e. 

JSSSIH ch. 1) same. Targ. 0. Ex. XXI, ; a. e.— Y. 
Maas. sh.V, 56 b sq. '31 xaipSI nssia the awl (penetrating 
acumen) of Akiba .... has been here. — 2) (cmp. nslsl) 
strap. — PI. ni*SS1a, contr. m*s1a. Y. Sot. I, 16 dT bot. 
[read:] '3i - ( nsiai Vi"i? ypbai 'ai nnV&BO yniiapin &*3 
should we not have brought in benches and straps and 
smitten him and reconciled him to his wife? 

*png, v. Bus-in. 

pHD (b. h.; sec. r. of pi; cmp. ansa, Targ. II Chr. 
IV, 16) to brighten, cleanse (metal); to scour, scald. Sifra 
Tsav, Par. 3, ch. VI; Zeb. XI, 6 '31 lfiBlffll iplia he must 
scour and rinse it &c; Tosef.ib.X,13')p T lia(not')pi11a);a. fr. 

Nif. pla3 to be cleansed, purged. Ab. d'B. N. ch. I, 
beg. '31 ^3B plHilD Raffia that he might be cleansed of 
all the food and drink in his bowels. — [Tosef, B. Bath. 
• XI, 9 plas, read: pHa?]. 

Pi. plia 1) to polish up. Koh. B. beg. nplial nnmb 
he chiselled the stone and polished it, v. 6313. Sabb. 33 a 
(ref. to piian, Prov.. xx, 30) 'si lass piaan he who 
polishes himself (makes toilet, prepares himself) for a 
sinful act; (Bashi: who makes himself free from all other 
thoughts, devoting himself entirely to sin, v. infra). — 
2) (cmp. 18HJ&3 TOO) to finish. Tosef. Hull. I, 2 '31 iisn 'al 
and a gentile finished the slaughtering (by cutting farther 
than the ritual requires); (Hull. 121 b IBS); Yoma III, 4 
'1»1 ; Hull. 29 a 'itfl. Tam. IV, 2 -uSlDBnn flK 'a he finishes 
the flaying. Mikv. X, 1 Ipla J&l . . 'p'H'n he inserted the 
handles properly but did not finish them off (by fasten- 
ing &c). Ohol. XIII, 3 Hplia «Vl h3">an he fitted the door 
in, but did not finish it off (so that it fitted accurately). 
Y. B. Hash. I, end, 57 c , a. e. pla WlPrjID ypSB inas- 
much as he commenced the act, we say to him, finish 
it; a. fr. — 3) to cleanse from sin by suffering, to remove 
sin, effect forgiveness. Ber. 5 a '31 b3 "ppiaaffl 'pn&i suffer- 
ings which cleanse the entire body of man; ib. "pplaa 
'31 11*11315 b3 wash away all sins of man ; Yalk. Ex. 339 ; 
Yalk. Deut. 850.- Yoma 86 a nplaa nma death finishes 
the atonement (v. supra); Y. Snh. X, 27 c bot. tlplaa nrna 
ffiiblB death removes the last third of sins; a. fr.— Y. 
Keth. VI, beg. 30 c (in mixed diet.) n311B tb plaa xVl and 
does not pay off the entire dowry .—Sabb. 33 a , v. supra. 

Hof. plain to be washed off, cleansed. Snh. 92 a mo 'm 
Ar. s. v. 163, ed. Koh., v. ppnHof. 

p~|D, p"HD ch. stuns, to polish; to cleanse. Targ. Is. 
XXI, 5 (ed. Wil. ! "no Pa.). Targ. Y. II Lev. XXVI, 43.— 
[Y. Bets. I, 60 d IIBilSIp pla sort prill), read: la piOU) 
'31p, v. B. N. to Alf. Bets. I, 7; v. 'iBilSip.] 

Pa. pila same, to cleanse, clear, finish. B. Mets. 15* 


(in a deed of sale) '=1 piiaxl "011*1 "<Btf»M (v. Rabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note 6) and I will satisfy (all claimants) and clear and 
clean the property &c. Talk. Is. 352 rib Xpiaa to pay it, 
v. pap. — Y. Keth. VI, beg. 30 c , v. preced.— [Targ. Prov. 
Ill, 11 piian, read: p^ari; ib. XIX, 28 pilaa Ms., read: 
pi*»a; v. pia.] 

Ithpa. Pilaris, Ithpe. pliant* 1) to be scoured. Targ. 0. 
Lev. VI, 21. — 2) (denom. of piian) to be used for toilet; 
(of persons) to be perfumed. Targ. X. Ex. XXX, 32.— 
[pilaris, Targ. II Kings IV, 35, v. ppa] 

fcs|5"TQ m. (preced. ; cmp. Spila) yellowish, pale. Yeb. 
80 a 'a K13HB pale (diluted) beer; (Rasbi, another opin. : 
strong beer). — 'a Klan diluted wine. Gitt. 69 b , opp. JOTI. 
Erub. 29 b .— [B. Mets. 47 b Ar., v. Kpila I.] 

PIpTO f.(preced. wds.) a sort of earth used for polishing 
(cmp.Vni&nainTarg.Y. Lev. VI, 21). Mikv.IX,2 (Barten. 
«P T ^a);Tosef. ib.VI(VII), 13flpi1a^a water mixed with 
marekah.— [Y. Bets. I, 60 d top'rtp'la diffia, read: fiisia, 

v. tipi.] 

0*'J : \'p"y!2 pr. n. Mercurius, name of the Roman di- 
vinity, identified with the Grecian Hermes ; esp. a statue 
or way-mark dedicated to Hermes (v. Lubker Reallex. s. 
vv. Hermes and Hermae). Snh. VII, 6 SOil 17 'xh "p.* pllttt 
iniias casting a stone on a merculis (hermaeon), that is 
the way of worshipping it. Ib. 64 a KM 'a V'S they said 
to him, it was a merculis (at which you cast a stone). Ib. 
•ph 'a3 pS p111rt the Mishnah reads, he who casts a stone 
on a m. Ab. Zar. IV, 1 '31 'a 1X3 .. . tnss ffibffl if three 
stones near one another are found by the side of a m., 
they are forbidden for use. Ib. 50 a 'an "]a 111BJO di53i* 
stones which have fallen off a m.— Tosef. ib. VI (VII), 13 
11DK TisiB ina tel 'a a m. with all that is on it is for- 
bidden. Ib. 15, sq_. (also &!?1p1a). Ab. Zar. 1. c. 'a 1pi» the 
original statue of, or heap of stones for, Mercurius, opp. to 
■pop 'a a heap of three stones by its side; a. fr. — Abbr. 
diblp. — 'p JTQ a way-mark dedicated to M. (consisting 
of two stones with a third across the top). Ib. ; B. Mets. 
25 b (Ms. H. D^lpla). 

SHpTQ I l.,.pl ISipla (5>g1; cmp. pipl) thin cakes, 
wafers. Y.Taan. IV, W [read:] . . pifia flirt lISaiB 11B 
'31 te SiiBipTsb 'al "pSHS . . the town of Tur Simon used 
to distribute three hundred griva (of flour in) wafers 
among the poor on every Sabbath eve (v. Dip^I); Lam. 
R. to II, 2 V?<aip ■pV'tOi nans ^33 'al 131S . . . Ar. Compl. 
ed. Koh. (defective in eds.). 

?lpna II, 9p"]Q c (sp_i Pa.) piece of cloth, patch. 
Y, Snh. IV, 22 b top f^ipla qVpn^K thy patch is peeling 
off, i. e. thy ignorance is laid bare. B. Bath. 20 a 'ab Htl 
SttJiaVl Ms. H. a. Ar. (ed. rWilpb) can be used for a 
patch on a garment.— PL ysipla, T^pla, ISpla. Lam. R. 

to 1, 1 imi Cni3 in< ) f sipia sai'tti diies (some ed. 'spia), 

v. SSIla; Y. Maas. Sh. IV, 55 b hot. ISpla ed. Amst. (ed. 
Krot. l'sipa), v. KIlB&itf II. 

WyplD, Tosef. Sabb. XIV (XV), 2, v. 12531U. 

npTD m. (b. h.; dpi) aromatfc A«j-6— PL difip T ia.; Talk. Gen. 84 'art tra drug-store. 

Drlp"l/Q f . (b.h. ; preced.) druggist's preparation, drug; 
poison. Gen. B. s. 10 ('Rashi': linifipla, pi. of nnpln), 

sSiTinp )12 f. (preced.) a spiced dish. Lam. R. introd. 
(R. Abbahu 2) (ref. to Ez. XXIV, 10) N1rt3 ddln ' ( &15 i-PH 
"a their bodies were bubbling (hot with grief) like a spiced 
broth; Yalk. Ez. 363. 

TY^HQ, Y. Bets. I, 60 d top, read : firsla, v. Dpi. 

'2p~lQ, v. sipia n. 

"1113 (b. h.) 1) to drip; 2) (cmp. 611$) fo fee bitter— V. 
lia, la, lila &c. 

Pi. 11a /o wide 6i&r; to afflict. Pes. X, 5 bs Ilia 
'31 dilsan IllaaJ dim we eat bitter herbs in memory of _ 
the Egyptians embittering the lives of our fathers in 
Egypt. Cant. R. to I, 13 (play on la, ib.) Ilaa drt13K. 
'31 laSS Abraham afflicted himself and plagued himself 
with sufferings ; ib. to III, 6; a. e. 

Hif. lart same. Gen. R. s. 98 (play on Irtllail, Gen. 
XLIX, 23) VTIK^ TUB who made his brothers suffer; IliarttC 
VClK ~b whom his brothers made suffer; IrTlTrsb 'rlffl 
who made his mistress suffer ; IPOIlN lb niiartlB (v. Matt. 
K.) whom his mistress made suffer. Sabb. 88 b (play on 
iart lis, Cant. 1, 13) '31 i*> iaTtfi ixiaffl S"SK although 
my Beloved decrees anguish and suffering for me; a. e. 

Hithpa. llartrt, Nithpa. llaro to become sticky and 
bitter from handling myrrh. Cant. R. to I, 13 lili . . 33 
hillana (Matt. K. '111'ana, Hithpol.) whoever plucks it 
(myrrh), gets his hands sticky (and bitter). Num. R. 
s. 13 (play on ilia, Cant. V, 1) '31 nfeQ SliaTO they be- 
came bitter (affected with sin) in captivity, and were 
sweetened (atoned for their sins) by martyrdom. 

Hithpalp. laiafirt, Nithpalp. lalaiis to get excited (in 
battle) ; to be enraged. Pesik. R. s. 29-30-30 (ed. Fr., p. 
140 a ) '31 lalana flM T>a at once he became enraged and 
kicked it (the missile) &c. Ib. mcA 'aru he was excited 
in rushing out. 

~|HD, THC ch. same, to be bitter; to grieve, mourn. 
Perf. 1a, im P e rf-^ a "« 1a\ Targ. Is. XXIV, 9. Targ.. I Sam. 
XXX, 6; a. fr.— Targ. Zech. XII, 10 llla^l, v. infra. 

Pa. lia to embitter, aggrieve. Targ. Ruth I, 13 fWttin 
(ed. Amst. 'Ian). Targ. Y.I Deut. XXXII, 32 "pllaa (some 
ed. liiaa; Y.'lITTia). 

Af.'^mm, 1»8 i) same. Targ. Ruth I, 20 (not "lax). 
Targ. Ex. I, 14; a. e. — 2) to arrange mourning. Targ. 
Zech. XII, 10 '31 "plaal Xa3 . . 11laii1 they shall arrange 
mourning for him, as is arranged for &c. (v. infra). — 
plla«, v. Ithpa.] 

Palp, laia, l^aia to aggrieve. Targ. Prov. XVII, 25. 
Targ. Y.I Gen. XLIX, 23 miaa, read: mala; (Y. II 
lias, read: 13$ Af.). 

"ithpa. 11ans< 1) to be enraged, fight. Targ. O. Gen. 1. c. 
(Var. IllaS, v.Berl. Targ. O. II, p. 18 ; oth. ed. TftatkAf.). 
— 2) to mourn. Targ. Zech. 1. c. Var. (v. Lag. Proph. I, 
p. XLII). 

""TO m. (preced. wds.) 1) bitterness; trouble; 'a3 bitter- 

ly. Esth. R. to III, 9 (ref. to Is. XXXIII, 7) 31313 . . X3S ^31 
'a3 all the hosts on high weep bitterly. — 2) sin. Cant. 
R. to V, 5 (play on 13» Ha, ib.) ilia bs 13S he passed 
over (pardoned) my sin. — PI t)i11a. Ib. 1)3113 1151 'a 
'31 troubles, — when Cyrus decreed and said &c. Ib. 'a 
'31 iS5& ihla&TO sins,— when I said of the calf, these 
are thy gods &c. 

"PD, T1Q, JSTTIG ch. same, 1) trouble. Snh. 19 a 35K 
hilla in his 'trouble (excitement of mourning).— 'a3 
Utterly. Targ. Esth. VI, 1 ; a. fr. — 2) ewrse. Targ. 0. Num. 
V, 24; 27, v. lliia.— 3) bitter herb. — PI. •plla. Targ. 0. 
Ex. XII, 8; a. e.; v. Klila. 

NSVHHD. f. ch., pi. ^Tplll2=h. lila, a bitter herb, 
prob. succory. Bucc. 13 a '=1 xaaisl 'a ijh that succory of 
the marsh. Ib/31 Wro© Star* 'a iSh the name of that plant 
is plain m'raritha, and the reason why they name it 'm. of 
the marsh' is, because it is frequent in marshes. Pes. 39 a 
(expl. Ilia) XaSKI 'a Ms. M. (ed. only XtWia, read "ilia). 
Ib. xnilait llha mtl ed. (corr. ace, as in Tosaf. to Succ. 1. 
c; Ms. M,. 2 N1311 NhiillaK) took pains to get m'raritha 
(of the field). Hull. 59 a top KrYmol Klpis'ed. (read as 
Tosaf. to Succ 1. c. Nhlllal; Ar. SttWOI) the root of &c. 


^na, ^-;a, v. ^ia, s^ia. 

XriliP'lD f. pi. (Syr. SrYHUla, Nhffila, P. Sm. 401; 
V>W) T moriar$. Y. B. Bath. II, 13 b bot. [read:] Xpnia 
'31 'rrthtao 'a Y&<X (v. Mus. in Ar. s. v.; ed. (TTfflBIa, 
read: Sini...) to remove those mortars from the walls &c. 
[Comment, saw-mill (v. tx&fjo ) — which corresponds 
neither to form nor to context.] 

ana-iD, «i©"nn,T.rai*n3. 

TT\U, v. niTo. 

rnn, ania, trnq, v . ia iv. 

^(iniD, Ex. B. s. 51 'a 13 ixiaffi, read : hhla or Khla. 

!tf |2"FHD m. (phi) 1) [knuckles,] fist. Targ. Y. Ex. 
XXI, 18.— 2) a blow with the fist. Y. M. Kat. Ill, 83 b (ed. 
Krot. Npipia); Y. Snh. VII, 25 b top. — 3) knocker at the 
door. Ib. d top [read:] ttpinlaa 1h tify 3W W>91 -jsa 
whoever entered (the bath-house) struck him with the 
knocker, v. hp^hi ch.— V. phla. 

!!<n?l~lD f. (hhi) frying pan. Targ. Y. Lev. II, 7 ; 
VII, 9 T (h. 'text httJhia). 

'. KJWTn, v. Kpfela. * 

Itf ?FT"ID m. (Pers. murtakh, older form of murdah, v. 
Kplliaj litharge, dross formed during the purification 

of silver from the lead with which it is combined. Gitt. 
69 b . Ib. 86 a . 

*irHD m. (t)hl) store-room, cellar where vessels are 
stored in rows and layers. Pes. I, 1 *>3 iiS \/S hlllffl VW 
'art the two rows of piled vessels in front of the cellar. 
Snh. 108 a yalh kj 'a a store-room for vinegar. Lev. R. 
s. 24, end ; a. fr. 

«ep|"Tn, .'rna ch. ,« 

'ih1a. T Targ. I Chr.'xxVII, 2 

ie. — PI. K^BBia, h^Bhla, 
(h. texl, hiia'K). 

pn*]D m. = Spihla, blow. Gen. B. s. 51 (expl. 'from 
the Lord'" Gen. XIX, 24) 13S ',a 'a3 as (we say), 'a blow 
from a strong man'; Yalk. ib. 85. 


SttjQ, v. Hfe 

HW2 m (b. h. ; KtoS) 1) carrying. Kel. I, 1 'a3 "pstaaa 
make the carrier unclean. Ib. 3 INiSaV lSJa STUBfflthe touch 
of which has the same effect as the carrying of it; — 
2) ")hal 'a carrying and giving, business, dealings; worldly 
affairs; intercourse. Sabb. 120 a 'al'»3 in worldly affairs, 
opp. Sllln 11313. Kidd. 35 a 'al 'a 131 1Bi« a man (has 
the protection of the law) because he is engaged in bus- 
iness. Yoma 86 a '31 lShal ixffia his dealings with men; 
a. fr.— Kidd. 30 b "|3 Uhai lKBa b3 he (the tempter) will 
always be busy with thee. — 3) burden. Tanh. B'midb. 2, 
v. tfiiSa.— Trnsf. burden of prophecy. Gen. R. s. 44 hlffiS 
'31 'a...hS13S hiSlpS hUlttJ^ prophecy goes by ten names: 
'vision' . . . 'burden' &c. ; ib. '31 !Satt5a3 'a ilax 1331 the 
Babbis say, the severest of all is massa, as its name in- 
dicates (burden) &c; Cant. B. to III, 4; a. e.— PI. hi&HBa. 
Gitt. 71 a hlShal 'a business transactions. 

NEfc), v. Ktfw. 

fcttSQ, Pes. m b 'a 113, v. aajarfi. 

. ^"SlSn, v. Kite. 

JlDS^OD m. (TjBJa) stretching. B. Bath. 73 b fP1!*121 'a 
'31 (Ms. M, DOttSa 13) the length of its neck when stretched 
was &e. 

T\yi^12 f. (b. h. ; hiXtt) request, prayer. — PZ.hftxiiia. 
Num. R. SfhftiWfeO -phi 'be gracious unto thee' (Num. 
VI, 25) by granting thy prayers (beyond deserts) ; Sifre 
Num.41; Yalk. ibid. 710. 

"IISEJQ m - constr. (1MJ) the rest of, others. Targ. Y. 
II Ex. XXXV. 34 SiJaiK 'a the other mechanics. Targ. 
Y. Num. XIX, 3 -pisa/a other (not dedicated) animals. 

\a^a,v.Kim?i. ' 

n^ttjD f. 1) (b. h.; IXttj to swell, rise; cmp. lixto) 
baking trough or dish. Tanh. Vaera 14 (ref. to Ex.VII, 28) 
'31 hilSa 'a ihai« when is the trough near the oven?— 
2) (isia to remain) remainder. — PI. hilttffia. Mekh. Bo 
s. 13 (ref. to DhlKiaa, Ex. XII, 34; v. Targ.') hSa ■'Hrw ibx 



"11 H ai *hafc means the remnants of the unleavened bread 
and the hitter herbs (of the Passover meal) ; Tanh. Bo 8. 

fcGE5H m. (3105) bellows. Targ. Jer. VI, 29 31Sa constr. 

JDfflq, v. aeia. 

^n!|^D m. (M3«3) singer.— PI. SWfiSJa, pHaafo. Targ. 
I Chi\ IX, 33! Targ. jer. XV, 17 (h. text 'dipffi&a). ' 

^p3^Q I m. (pStt?) divorcer, former husband. Y. 
KetlJxi, S4 b hot. ipSttJal n5131U the neighborhood of my 

^pSffiQ II, N^pSffiD f. (preced.) divorced wife. 
Targ. Y.' Lev. XXI, 7A : r.(ed.&OaSa). Targ. Y. Num. XXX, 
10 Ar. (ed. K3ina).— Gen. B. s. 17 S5K ninpaiDa I am his 
divorced wife; Lev. B. s. 34. lb. t]npaffla'dS with the 
woman thou hast divorced; Yalk. Lev. 665 Tjnpaufiab ; 

"QttJ/Q m. (b.h.; 1343) [orifice ofthematrix,](mT&\m.) 
travailing chair. Kel. XXIII, 4. Gen. B. s. 72; Y. Ber. 
IX, 14 a hot. 'art bs> FOOTS when she is seated on the 
travailing chair; a. e. 

Itfri^ESD f. (1B31S?) a faulty version, a rejected Bor- 
aitha] opp. Mnlinna. Gitt. 73 a (ref. to Tosef. ib. VII(V), 2) 
6Ctt 'al . . . KifflpT : ,1i3 since there is a contradiction be- 
tween the first and the second clause, it could not have 
been discussed at college (or an attempt to harmonize 
would have been recorded), and (therefore) it is to be 
rejected. Sabb. 121 b ; a. fr. 

StffnTOQ f. (TTB3) sending. Targ. Esth. IX, 22 rVflttja 
quot. in Levy' Targ. Diet. (ed. jniSBb). 

TVZjD (b. h.) pr. n. m. Moses, 1) the law-giver, often 
Win 'a M. our teacher. Ber. 3 b . Sot. 12 a ; a. v. fr. — Y. 
Taan. IV, beg. 67 b , a. e. '31 WK1 'a by Moses, I will look 
(at the priests), and not he diverted. Y. Dem. IV, 24 a top 
'31 KSK1 'a laia Btflrt "pia will he (B. Haggai) in this case, 
too, say, by Moses, I know the reason? Said he, by M. 
&c; a. fr.— Bets.38 b tvnaap "liBSJ 'a by Moses, art thou 
right? (Bashi).— Trnsf. great scholar (that thou art)\, 
(mostly ironically). Hull. 93 a . Sabb. 101 b maxp 1i&iD 'a 
great scholar, art thou really right?; Bets. 1. c. (v. supra); 
a. fr. — 2) M . Bar 'Atsri, father of B. Huna. B. Bath. 174 b 
■nXS 13 'a (Ms. M. 111SS); Arakh. 23 a . 

in^SD (tradit. pronunc. WittJa) m. (=1r«j ha, v. Kin) 
anything, the least portion, minimum. Targ. Y. Num. 
XXXV, 16.— Sifre Num. 160 Kinfflaa maa bran an iron 
weapon may wound fatally, be it ever so small of size. Pes. 
ll b 'al nStt) an hour and a fraction of an hour. Hull. 102 b 
'a3 when one eats ever so little of it, opp. rV>t33; (ib. top 
KlS-Itt) 1=33). Ib. '31 12>3 'a3 when one eats a little of each, 
flesh, sinews and bones (so as to make up the size of an 
olive when combined); a. v. tr. — Pl. fntltBa. Erub. 87 a 
'a 152)1 and two fractions, i. e. ten and a fraction high, 
and two and a fraction wide. 

TTWU, v. JPftottha. . 

alias "man, ^ia$a Cn'so) m . ( b. h. m»;im 

burden,load. Y.Dem.II, 22 d top'3l 'a n<B1S i"X bs. Via (not 
illBSS) the whole of Palestine does not produce one ioad 
of raisins. Ib. [read:] ypmrti blU 1TIN 'a KWS i"xb3 fsn 
'31 "i16a nro i"K3 dlpa ^S )b last *|3 fctbtt does the whole 
of Palestine not produce &c? But thus he said to us, no 
single place in Palestine produces &c. Sabb. 92 a &ti}£ian 
'31 nbsab 'a he who transfers a load from one territory 
to another at a height from the ground of more than 
ten handbreadths. Erub. 22 a (ref. to "Pitt bit., Deut.VII, 10) 
'31 1155 bs 'a N1D151B dliOlike a man who carries a burden 
(hanging down) over his face, and is anxious to throw it 
off; Yalk. Deut. 846 'a lb 1UHU d*K!t3 (add: TAB b5>; Ms. 0. 
Erub. 1. c. ni&a). Midr. Till, to Ps. XXXVIII (ref. to Ezra 
IX, 6) V*b» 'afl1...riii-!l2 BlStb like a man wading through 
a river, his feet sinking into the ground and a load on 
his head &c; a. 'tr. — Pl. ywitea. Y. Dem. II, 22 c svrari 
'31 'a ntobffl if one brings three loads of provisions at a 
time, he is not yet considered a huckster (*ii.h). — Trnsf. 
care, interest. Y. Ber. Ill, beg. 5 d i&tiiBa ttffliu ia lb 'pjx 
he has none to take from him his duty (of burying a 
dead relative).— PL as ab. Num.B.s. l.beg. lifUffl . . . nblBa 
DStWtoo diRffllS he sends important men ... to attend to 
their (political) affairs; (Tanh. B'midb. 1 teiBa; ed. Bub. 
litiiBa).— diss "a (v. Xtol) respect of person, partiality. Ab. 
IV, 22 ; Y. Snh. VI, end, 23 d , sq. '31 ripal 'B 'a partiality 
and bribe-taking. Yeh. 79 a 1313 ffii '2 'a 131 was. there 
partiality shown in that case?; Snh. 104 b ; a. fr. 

Jl^lSQ f. (b. h. rwiaa ; sttoi) signal, esp. fire signal 
announcing the New-Moon. — PI. fiiixltoa. B. Hash. II, 2, 
sq. 'a 'pSt'UBa lin they raised signals (at the stations); 
Tosef. ib. II (I), 2 'iii)a ■pxusa ed. (ed. Zuck. nvs&a "pSiba, 
niSba ; Var. nifctlDa 'jiKiDa) ; a. e. 

nitf^Q f. (b.h.; nttttj) desolation.— PI. rtimin. Midr. 
Till, to Ps. lxxiv, 3 niiiaw bn inn. .isb mastia biassn 

'a the steps (pilgrim's roads) of which thou hast said 
to us (Deut. XVI, 16) ..., behold they have become 
desolations; Yalk. ib. 809, 

IpWD, Bekh. 44 b , v. T]!iJ« a. T3?ttj. 

*JS'T^E5/Q m. (IllUJ; v. Tijaj) [jumper,] rover, free- 
booter.— PI. inttttJa. Ab'.Zar.70 a!tHBi'a3VlAr. (Ms. 
M. iinffl, read '"nil©; ed. "Oli) the majority of rovers 
(around Pumheditha) are Jews. 

SiTHTlffin f. (IIIB) stirrup (for jumping on an 
animal's back). Snh. 64 b ' KilllSI '33 like the stirrup (a 
ring suspended from a frame) thrust over a bonfire on 
Purim, Ar. (Bashi: 'like the children's leaping over a 
bonfire'). . , . 


!~!"toQ m. (naia II) surveyor.— PI. ninittja. Erub. IV, 
11, v. S-J2a. Kel. XIV, 3 'an mini the surveyors' marking 
' pins; 'a bttJ nblBbUJ their measuring chains; Tosef. it). B. 

Mets. II, 3 ninnaia. 


n^fli'EJD oh. same. B. Mete. 107 b . 

U\SjID m. (b. h.; asittj) oar. Zab. IV, 3. — PL pal'ttia. 
B. Bath. 73 a ed. (Mss. hiaittja, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note). 

taittfa, NDl^D ch. 1) same. Targ. Ez. XXVII, 29.- 
Pl. paittsa. 1^6.-2) %A£ ship.— PI. as ah. Targ. Is. 
XLIII, 14 (h. text tfrmi). 

iHbd, v. aim 

HlCD m. (tjttia) (me who has his prepuce drawn for- 
ward in order to disguise the sign of the covenant. Tosef. 
Sabb. XV (XVI), 9 j Y. Yeb. VIII, 9 a top -JWOM (corr.acc). 
Bab. ib. 72 b SnwilKI 'a that a mashukh must be circum- 
cised again is a Biblical injunction ; a. fr. — PI. prtBJa. 
Y. Yeb. I.e. 

nSTOQ f. (b. h.; tpto^SD) hedge, a heclged-in place, 
fold.— PI ni31toa. Tosef. Ohol. XVIII, 12 (ed. Zuek., a.B. 
S. to Ohol. XVIII, 10 rveillia; ed. Zolk. rraillia). 

fltlTISta f. (niti) a divorced wife taken bad after 
being married to another man (against the law, Deut. 
XXIV, 4). Nidd. 69 b 'a PQ the daughter of a woman il- 
legitimately remarried. 

$ >1E5D m.(b.h.; 12Jfcl»a; denom. of ll&ffl) ; j?7. Qittfelttia, 
plfetia 1) 'developed to "one third of the "full growth. B. 
Mete. V, 4.-2) ^owp o/ 1 ttree. Y. Shebi. I, 33 b 'a yoiBn 
the quantity (of one cake of figs) for each three trees 
out of nine. 

"JlifiOp m. (Tati) one deserving extinction; (interch. 
in edd. a. mss. with "iala q. v.) open opponent to Jewish 
law, apostate. Y. Snh.X, end, 29 d 'a "iiBTp Olfflait comes 
under the category of dedicated sacrifices of an apostate 
(which cannot be offered, but are forbidden for private 
use). Y. Pes. VII, 34 c hot. WWO 'art a heretic inasmuch 
as he opposes the decisions of the Supreme Court (v. 
anaall). Y. Hor. Ill, 48 b hot. dTlp 'a 'al "fl if a proselyte 
and a (penitent) apostate ask for charity, the apostate 
has the preference; a. fr.— [Y. Snh. Ill, 21 b top 'a in, v. 
ttttsWx]— PI. di'TBIBia. E.Hash. 17 a Ms. M. (missing in ed.). 
Sifia Vayikra, N'dab., ch. II, Par. 2 ; a. e. 

rfilHIfflD f. (preced.) apostasy. Pes. 96 a Ms. M. (ed. 

Til main), v. itian; Yalk. Ex. 211 rYfelbS nilatUa (read: 
ni&iB 'aiiua). 

WtolSq, KDBjXfttJq m.(^)servant, attendant. 
Targ. T Num. Xl', 28 ^ a. fr. — PL pjiferaja, 'BIBa. Targ. 
I Kings X, 5 piilfeiaja (ed. Lag. tn . ].', corr. ace.).— Koh. 
B. to I, 3 ifTOfflaTOai SaS "1 nim and Babbi asked his 
waiters ; Lev. B. s. 28 ^JttjSWS A 

H/ISISJQ- m. (denom. of Xftaffi) (be) excommunicated. 
Sabb. 67 a (in an incantation). 

*n' 1 | ! l^Q f. (next w.) grotto. Tosef. Ohol. XVIlI, 12, 

v. ration. 

WVN&2 f. (denom. of Kftt? tooth) I) jaw. Erub. 100 a 
'as 1all'(some ed. tim . . .; Ms. M. SUWttS ^3) if the roots 
on the surface are shaped like a jaw-bone (Bashi: 'rocky 
crag', v. infra). — 2) cliff; bluff; grotto. Gen. E. s. 10 'a 
'31 Sail the bluffs at Caesarea; (Koh. B. to XI, 1 &KT011B; 
ib. to V, 8 KfOTO).— Taan. 23 a 'a rtb KWlK a grotto 
formed around him; Midr. Till, to Ps. CXXVI. B. Mets. 
108 b 'a pi&SX if a craggy mound separated the fields. 
Ib. 109 a 'a Tfy lins he surrounded the fields with an 

"©^D'f. (t)1253) blowing. \Yalk. Ps. 864, v. ■nWSa. 

EUBIffiD m. (transpos. of 23511)153, v. 1BB1B.S; cmp. tjb3. 
03B3 for -030) small side-door, passage-way (v. Tam. 
Ill, 7). Zeb. 82 b 'a "pi (Ms. K.U»1UJa) by the way of small 
passages in the loft (v. Midd. IV, 5 quot. s. v. W>). Men. 
27 b 'a I'll by breaking through a side entrance (or walk- 
ing in a zigzag as on winding stairs); [Bashi: =115311133, 
v. 12J3B]; Yalk. Lev. 571 SSlffla (corr. ace). 

S|?ltt3, v. SpjU. 

fl^jTOQ f. (b. h.) m' surah, a measure of capacity, 
one thirty-s'ixth of a Log. Ab. ch. VI (adopted fr. Ez. 
V, 11). B. Mets. 61 b ; B.Bath. 89 b .-~ Sifra K'dosh. Par. 3, 
ch. VIII VnSfi 1"fl It 'aa 'in measure' (Lev. XIX, 35) that 
means you must leave a large crest (in dry measure), 

S^-llEta f. (1TO3) journey— PI. V^ittia. Targ. Y. I 
NunJxXI, 1. • 

~n")H}Q m. singer, v. 1^1. 

'<£T\WD m. (ttiia or lUtiJa; cmp. Site) groper, slow 
walker.— PL nifflTOa. Y.Peah VIII, beg. 20 d , v. ttina h.. 

1VDU, VOX&2, etc., v. sub 'MM. 

nCD I (b. h.) to sfro7i:<!, smear; esp. to anoint; to in- 
stall in Office by anointing. Kei;. 5 b B-oiah n« "pnttjia 
'31 115 pas in anointing kings you draw the figure of a 
crown with the oil on your finger &c, v. 'tt. Ib. p* 
'SI "iva pltaia a king succeeding his father is not an- 
ointed; a. v. fr. — Part. pass. fiWJa, pi. DpTOa, plltia. 
'a pS a high priest installed with the ceremony of an- 
ointing, contrad. to ff^Sa raTsa, v. StaSHa., Hor. Ill, 4; 
Meg. I, 9 '31 "|aim 'a ps 'pS p* there is no difference 
between the anointed and the unanointed high priest 
except &c. Sifre Tsav, Par. 3, ch. V; a. fr., v. rVHSa.— niffla 
Mania the priest anointed as the chaplain of the army. 
Yoma 72 b ; a. fr., v. tpffla.— Pesik.B. s. 8 nania 'a, v. moa 
end. Hor. 12 a , v. )-q\ Ib. ll b 'si 'a 111 ffll "oia the kings 
of the house of David are anointed kings, those of Israel 
are not installed by anointment; a. fr. 

Nif. niBai to be anointed. Ib. '31 'i ab sihi Jehu would 
not have been anointed but for the contest of Joram's 
followers. Ib. '31 "pfflan nttjaa rm\ llaal with that oil 
by Moses) were anointed the Tabernacle &c; 

Y. Sot. VIII, 22 c . Num. B. s. 12-dViS ttWSMt) IS until 
all the vessels were anointed ; a. fr. 

TVE12 ch. same. Targ. 0. Gen. XXXI, 13. Targ. Ps. 
LXIV, 4 (Ms. nna) ; a. fr.— Part. pass, rjife Targ. II Sam. 
I, 21; a. e. — Ker. 5 b '31 n^fflal Hinn (not hffial) that son 
of the high priest that was anointed was high priest &c. ; 
Hor. ii ""si n"©a nin "«. 

Ithpe. rTOBrYHS to be rubbed with oil, perfumed. Targ. 
Am. VI, 6. 

nttJQ II to stretch, measure. Denom. niffla, nrroa. 

Hif. rntSan to draw the outlines. Yalk. Num. 719 "raw 
iTZ tl'VUaai stood there drawing (the pattern of the candle- 

HI2JQ ch. same. Targ. Y. Gen. X, 25. Targ. Ez. XL, 5; 
a. fr.— Sabb. i9 a rwa Vipu»T ntfaij fify airroi niraij 
Ms. M. (ed., v. xniBa II) let him measure when giving 
it out and again when receiving it hack. B. Mets. 107 b 
Va sihliriaJain m.b Ms. M. (ed. unffiia">n) do not measure 
(survey) at all. 

rvfin in, arraa, tSig^DDou^at.^rg. 

Num. VII, 13. Targ! Ex. XXIX, 7 ; a. fr. — Y. Maas. Sh. 
IV, 54 d bot. '31 TWO rtib nin had oil which he took down 
to Acco (for sale). lb. '31 1\n&<a Ninn (not Spans, some 
ed. 8rW») that oil of thine at Beth M.— Ab. Zar. 37 a 11UJ1 
'a who permitted oil (of gentiles), lb. 28 a SttYlNI 'a goose- 
fat; a. fr. — 2) resin. Targ. Is. XLI, 19 'al )i$8. pine-wood 
(h. text 1aU5 ^2S, v. im).— Succ. 40 a , v. "jTO5a. Gitt. 69 b , 
y. NISiD II. 

H0$ IV, SSH^Ja, ' n a II m. (nifla II) meow*, 

ZeM^/i. Targ. II Chr. IV, 2 'a' Bin measuring line; a. e — 
[Targ. I Kings VI, 25 Kin Miffla, v. Xfinilia.] — B. Bath. 
145 b nffla tTtS rich in things that are measured (corn &c). 
— Sabb. 19 a '31 yvn 'aa let him give it out (for washing) 
by measure &c, v. niBall. — V. KrTOJa. 

*;XDmDZ3, Targ. Is. XXXIV, 4 ed. Lag., Ar. s. v. 
a^aniS, absent in ed., a corrupt Massoretic gloss, perh. 
tcahWO, v. Berl. Mass., p. 142. 

tlmliU f. (b. h.; nttjal) official distinction, official 
emoluments. Y. Bice. II, 64 d (ref. to Num. XVIII, 8) 'ab 
'31 'th fthTiib Vmoshha means for official distinction, for 
anointing (the body) &c, v. npVin; Zeb. 28 a , a. e. 'xh 
'31 nVnab Vmoshha means for distinction, as kings eat. 

TlYVEflZ f. (b. h.; v. preced.) 1) anointing, official in- 
stallation; ''an ' f att5 the oil used for installation. Hor. 
Ill, 4; Meg. I, 9, v. nttjol. Tosef. Sot. XIII, 1 1132521... ftS 
'an }att) btt) (Josiah) removed out of sight the Ark . . . 
and the bottle of the oil of installation (made by Moses). 
Hor. ll b 'aTppVnB 1"in...'an 'ttl in the oil of installation 
which Moses prepared, they boiled the roots of spices. 
lb. 'an 'SJa bisaJ Ms. M. (ed. omit 'an) dare we desecrate 
the sacred oil (by using it for non-Da vidic kings)? lb. 
12 a 'an 'US nin "^al did any oil for the installation exist 
(in the days of Joahaz) ? ; a. v. fr.— 'an in (=b. h.BWfi in) 

Mount of Olives. E. Hash. II, 4 ; Tosef. ib. II (I), 2 ; a. fr.— 
[Sabb. 56 b , quot. fr. II Kings XXIII, 13 'an in, Ms, M. 

rfltTCQ f. (inia) whetting implement of stone or wood. 
Kel. XVII, 17; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. VII, 10 rrtl tXZ 1OTB 'a 
'31 a (wooden) whetter which has a receptacle for oil. 
Bets. 28 a pS bw 'a a whetstone; y» btt) 'a a wooden 
whetter; a. fr. [Ar. reads tlTOaJ 

n^nCQ m. (b. h. ; fiTO) destroyer, esp. Mashhith, 
name of a demon of destruction. Deut. E. s. 3; Yalk. 
Deut. 853; a. e.; v. nniun. — 'an in Mount Mashhith, v. 


"]T1(2JZ3 m. (v. srmja I) pine. Succ. 40 a 'al Ci">SS (Ms. 
M. xniB">al) wood of the pine-tree (used for torches). 

fcUnOD m. (preced.) ointment, perfumed oil. — PI. 
"psnm Targ. IIEsth. VI, 11 (ed. Vien. y*?rWJa); a. e. 

*]nBQ, v.nttiam. 

. ^Pin^a, «STntt5a, ">U t. (fttta II) measure, length. 
Targ. I Kings VI, 25 'ed. Lag. (oth. ed. fctmia/em.). Targ. 
Ex. XXVI, 2; a. fr.— Sabb. 74 b 'a!* 1"*>p 'i&S if he is par- 
ticular about a uniform length (of the chips). B. Mets. 
107 b "ma Vfttn i6 (or iOTrtam^pl) do not treat surveying 
lightly.— PI. iniaa, 'ia. 'iarg. 0. Num. XIII, 32 'aTjWW 
(h. text Mia "HOMO- — KPTOa. Targ. Ez. XL, 28, sq.; a. 
e.— [xnnffia balance, v. Krwba a. snn&a.] 

SniQtZjQ, v. fthttfe. 

HOIJp, ITOBQ m. (b. h. rrJioa;' hBltf) spreading, 
grapes spread on the ground; spreading place. Toll. X, 4 

nals bffi) 'an )vh plan he who puts in the press 

grapes collected in baskets or such as were spread on the 
(naked) ground; ib.ertoiffl'an "|a grapes spread on leaves. 
Tosef. ib. XI, 8. Y'lamd. to Num. VII, 1 friBSJa !l6aa he 
fills his spreading place.-PZ. d^riBtBa, yra^'^Ximlayers. 
Sifre Num. 98 'a 'a n^TOS ntVtfllfl the quails formed layers; 
Yoma 75 b . 

!Snt2ttJD cb . same. Targ. II Kings XVIII.l 7 nisttJa bpn 
'31 field where washers spread (their clothesJ.-PJ.'plBlBa 
layers. Targ. O. Num. XI, 32 ed. Berl. (Var. "\fParia, 
yrmsa, v. Berl. Targ. 0. II, p. 41 ; Ms. II "WW ; Y. '"aiua). 

rPBttfo, S^n^D, v. preced. wds. 

."lOiSn, v. TO. ' •' 

n l£JD, &WJ22 (cmp. 121a) 1) to feel, touch. Targ. 0. Gen. 
XXVIIJ22. — 2)'(withK1^)<o rub, whence to wash and dry, 
esp. one's hands before and after meals. Ber. 46 b ~fP ittia 
wash thy hands. Hull. 107 a/ 3l IS^T' Wia wash your hands 
in the morning. Ib. b -pTi n^ffla lrf>1 (not iTHi) and didst 
not wash thy hands, lb. SJ'^a' »5»1 and I should wash? 
• Pes. 112 a . Ned. 91 a '31 nil^ tiPXBQ she washed her hus- 
band's hands. Ib. fcWJaab to wash; a. fr.— Sabb. 77 b 
^iaxa, v. Kbsittja. Kidd.'52 b '31 SS13 X^SJa. was washing 
a foot in a basin of water. 

Af. HBal* to handle, draw. B. Bath. 153 a ... sihinaaN 
fcraa . . they drew Eaba's clothes through -water. 

l&PtElQ, Y. Shek. VII, 50 c hot., read »tj», v. WS. 

nritfa, scpfe , aTtfn m. ( a^) one who has 

escaped, refugee'. Targ. Deut. Ill, 3 (Y. aitlBa). Targ. 
II Kings IX, 15; a. tv.—Pl. "pa?itaa, Kjajittja, 'lliia. Targ. 
Is. LXVI, 19. Targ. Jud. XII, 4; a.' fr.* 

JXTQJ" luD f.' (preced.) escape, deliverance. Targ. Ob. 
17 (ed. Lag. KHa^lD). 

tTlpD m. (b. h.; hiBa I) anointed, esp. 1) 'a )iis or 'a 
(v. nwja, s. v. ni?a I, v. Lev. IV, 3) the high priest installed 
by anointment. Tosef. Meg. I, 18 TOffla 'a '3 the active 
high priest ; 13SUJ 'a '3 the unfitted high priest (prevent- 
ed from officiating on the Day of Atonement). Hor. Ill, 4 
'd1 nilBan 'an inTKl what high priest is called mashiah? 
He who has been anointed &c. Sifra Vayik'ra, Hobah, 
ch. I, Par. 2, a. e. "[ban HT il3i 'a by mashiah (Lev. IV, 3) 
you might understand the king. lb. '31 'a ill 'ah 'the 
anointed' means an anointed who has no superior an- 
ointed; a. fr.— 2) 'an r^a, or 'a tfje Messiah, the future 
redeemer of Israel from captivity. Gen. B. s. 2 (ref. to 
Gen. I, 2) 'an 'a ilU mil m that means the divine spirit 
Of the king Messiah (with ref. to Is. XI, 2). Succ. 52 a , 
a. fr. Ill 13 'a the Davidic Messiah, contrad. to tpT *|3 'a 
the M., son of Joseph, who is to precede the former. Snh. 
98 b '31 baici 'a 11JK Israel has no Messiah to expect, for 
it has enjoyed him (the glory which he was predicted to 
bring) in the days of Hezekiah. lb. 97 a ; a. fr. — 'an !"ilai 
the Messianic epoch. lb. bot. Ber. I, 5 'a hiaii !*i3ni 
this includes (the duty of remembering the exodus from 
Egypt) even in the Messianic days; a. fr. — 'a iffl ."fan, 
v. V3n— PI. tJirpaja. Pesik. E. s. 8:(ref. to Zech.IV, 3) list 
'31 nanba niffla ins 'an ijtB these are the two expected 
Messiahs, one appointed to conduct war (tpV 'fl 'a) &c; 
Yalk. Zech. 570. 

X1TE5Q I ch. same. Targ. I Sam. XXIV, 7 ; a. fr.— 
Esp. 'a stelsa or 'a the Messiah, v. preced. Targ. I Chr. 
Ill, 24. Targ. Y. Ex. XL, 9 ; a. fr.-[Targ. Cant. IV, 5 IT'ttJa 
"ill *Q, DilBK 13 'a, v. preced.]— Lam. B. to II, 2 V^n 
: 'a SSia this (Bar Kokhba) is the expected king Messiah '; 
Y. Taan. IV, 68 d bot.— Sot. IX, 15 (49 b ) 'a ni3pS3 in the 
period preceding the coming of the Messiah; a. fr. 


v. HiT'ttJa II a. stirptfta. 

nlT'OD I f - (nisal) anointing, installation by anoint- 
ing; use of the stem raja. Ker. 5 b , a. fr. 'a f\$a (iS3) re- 
quires anointment (in order to be recognized). lb. StB*>iS 'a 
anointing (by drawing a figure, v. rami) is preferable to 
pouring oil (np^a-;). Num. E. s. 12 ws ims* nrntBa how 
was Aaron's installation done? lb. '31 lifct ill) IfihiUjaS with 
the anointment of these vessels were all the vessels of 
subsequent days consecrated. Sifre Num. 117 Stbit 'a, "fit 
hilia the stem' ffiDa refers to official emolument^, as we 
read (Lev. VII, 35) &c; ib. nniaan lam sifct 'a pst mashah ■ 
means installation with oil; a. fr. 

2 *fy?tift 

nn^PHf. (raja II) band, cord, esp. flax rope for 
surveying. Tosef. Erub. VI (V), 13. Kel. XXI, 3 'aai aina 
the string or the rope (of the saw). Tosef. Sabb. V (VI), 2 
'a3 1313 (ed. Zuck. fctniffiaa) tied a cord around them ; 
Sabb.50 a . Tosef. Hull. Ill (IV), 22 pblhn 'a S"S IhWl ib 
'31 when you place a fowl on a rope, that fowl which 
divides its claws &c, is unclean; Hull. 65 a am lb l^nma 
'a ill) you stretch a cord for it in a line ; a. fr.— PI. tlSrPttja. 
Kil.IX, 9 laMK iiu 'a purple-colored ribbons, v. iial end; 
Y. ib. 32 d . Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. IV, 7. 

ffilTEJD f. (denom. of rpttia) office of the anointed 
priest. Hor. Ill, 1 ininifflaa la/resigned his office. 

fcttTPEfa, NTT'Eta f. ch.=h. nrroaii, rope. Y.Kii. 

IX, 32 c top '31 'a l-an^'fa'sten a rope to my feet; Y. Keth. 
XII, 35 a bot. liai-Q jttTH»a 113"i (not lba-na').— Y. Kil. 1. c. 
bot. (E. Meir said before his death) 113111 ',i3rp«5a-«n this 
is your band (the attraction of Palestine made me travel 
all the way to die there); Y. Keth. 1. c. bot. '31 'a fctl'il 

fcO" 1 *^^ m. ch. (isttJ) =h. nisilia, prayer, request— 
PI. constr^i^a. Targ. Ps. XXXVII, 4 (ed. Wil. ^Wja). 


fD^D f. (Tvttia) drawing, pulling. Y. B. Kam. X, end, 

7 C anan ro">ttJa, v. ana. Num. e. s. is, beg. b^isi naiffia 

3131 the drawing (winning) power of soft words; Tanh. 
Korahl; a.e. — ~Esp.m'shikhah,taking possession by draw- 
ing towards one's self the object to be acquired. Kidd. 1, 4 
'»3 TfSpi is taken possession of by pulling, contrad. to 
nnaan a. rmm. b. Mets. 9 a , contrad. to nsnin. ib. 47 b , 
a. e* v 31 'a -apVKO -[113 as the scholars declared m'shikhah 
to he necessary to hind the seller, so did they make it 
to bind the buyer; a. fr. 

rVD^EJD^Tosef. Ohol. XVIII, 1 2, v. n3ltoa. 

^mD^Q, v. next w. 

fcOD^Q m. (i3ffl, Shaf. of ife; cmp. Sti/aa, xni^Sa) 
1) a wash-basin. Sabb. 77 b (phonetic etymol.) sti'is iffl&ta 'a 
'washing everybody', contrad. to &tni">3ffla : Nni3 sflBa 
'washing brides' (distinguished people), Kidd. 52 b , v. i4Ja. 
— PI ''ia.ifiia. Ab. Zar. 39 a ill^h 'a white (glazed) basins. 
B. Mets.'84 b: SOI 'a yvr«t) sixty basin-fuls of blood. M. 
Kat. 18 b '31 isal 'a (Ms. M. sing.) basins filled with linen 
garments (for rinsing in the lake). Gitt. 69 b hot.— Fern, 
form snisilBa (fcttjiiSttja). Sabb. 1. c. '3iJDa Ms.. M. (ed. 
'bl3!»a), T v.' supra. Hull.' 47 b '=1 S^al Jtmsiffla (corr. ace.) 
a basin of tepid water. Ab. Zar. 51 b iTHDilS 'a hii NSin&l 
(v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 8) the idolatrous statuary has an 
inverted washbasin on its head. — 2) (cmp. "43, 1«a as 
vessel and garment) a sort of cloak. Lev. E. s. 23 (expl. 
n3i»u>, Jud.iv,i8) 'aa iiast loni iJaii . . -pai the rabbis 
here (in Palestine) say, it means with a sudra (N111&), 
while the Babylonian rabbis say m'shikhla; Yalk. Jud. 44 ; 
Yalk. Lev. 585. 

seph o 

l"!D" l 02 f - ( fflto i formed with ref. to'WlBn DUE), Deut. 
XVII, T 15)' appointment, office. — PI. niaitoa. Yeb. 45 b b3 
'sl.n'UBa nnXJB 'a whatever offices thou createst, the elected 
must be from among thy brethren; Kidd. 76 b ; a. e. 

TTSPlfi'Q f. (Cfitt5) embrocation. Sabb. 77 b . 

K^D, v. an^ia. 

NPE5/Q pr. n. m. Wshitha, surname of one J 
Jose/Gen/E. s. 65; Yalk. Gen. 114 rttTOa. 

nOH (b. h.) pr. n. Meshech, a son of Japheth 
genitor of a race of the same name (v. Schrader KAT, 
p. 84). Y. Meg. I, 71 b bot.; Yoma 10 a , v. »;aa 

il&2 (b. h. ; crop, nam II) to draw, pull; to seize; 
(with la) to withdraw; in gen. to stretch, produce a con- 
tinuous line or flow ; to conduct. Kil. VIII, 2 tpiuab ©linb 
Sinirt^l to plough with, to pull (by the head, go in front 
of), and to drive. Gen. R. s. 86 '31 yosjia ■Wlttl.v. infra. Mekh. 
Bo, s. 11 (ref. to Bx.XII,21) '31 lb ffl">1B ">a >l32?a 'lead forth' 
(select), refers to him who has a lamb, 'and buy', refers to 
one who has none. lb. t"Sa WttSa withdraw from idolatry, 
lb. '31 15ao onif W* 'j'OttJlatlJthat you may withdraw your 
share in the Passover iamb as long as it has not been 
slaughtered (v. ma); Pes. VIII, 3. lb. IX, 10 puna lbs 
'31 in&t ]fib the one company select one lamb, the other 
fee. — M. Kat. I, 3 '31 bystl f\H tpttJla you may draw (con- 
duct) the water in channels from tree to tree. Pesik. It. 
s. 26 t]S|ia isix xim abn ib TjiaJa-. xaa) perhaps it (the 
breast) will yield him milk when sucking, but it did not 
yield. Ex. B. s. 52 Ol 'iljil POttiia nbtirin it (the valley) 
began to give forth a flow oif gold denavs before their 
eyes. Tosef. Sot. XIV, 8; Sot. 47 b plin "Oltfia those who 
draw out their spittle (assume aristocratic airs). Hag. 14 a 
'31 13^ pIBia they draw the heart of the people as one 
conducts water, when they lecture ; Sabb. 87 a (play on 

Wl, Ex. XIX, 9, v. 1S5) .115X3 ■pSlBiaffl Di"Q1 words 

which draw (attract) the heart of man like a lecture. Y. 
Ab. Zar. Ill, 42 c top Ol tn nina^S OttJa the gutters of 
Laodicea carried a flow of blood; a. v. ft-.— Esp. (law) to 
take possession by drawing or seizing an object, v. nsiffla. 
B. Mets. IV, 2 '31 rWCB iaaM 'a if he took possession of 
fruits bought of him before paying. lb. 47 a piSotl Kb 
'31 Tpttiab he had not yet had time to take possession 
of the ass; a. v. fr. — Zeb. 6 b ptt) nab -jFlDlUia y\3& the 
slaughtering knife takes possession of them for what they 
are to be, i. e. the slaughtering of the sacrifices decides 
their purpose; Shebu. 12 b . — nblS 'a to stretch the pre- 
puce, to disguise circumcision. Y. Peah 1, 1 6 b ; a. e — Part. 
pass.Tiliaa; f.n3WJa;#?.G^3.1ttJa,p!ffiJa; nisTOa a) straight- 
lined, continuous. Nidd. 57 b 'a d!S if the blood-stain has 
the shape of a line, opp. bl5S. Y. Erub. I, 19 b top 'a (Ttl 
if the wall is straight-lined. lb. '31 'a nilpn «nn tfblB 
that the beam be not prolonged more than &c. lb. fOUDaa. 
'31 irvn when they are longer than &c; a. fr. — Mikv. 

1 ftq 

V, 3, v. bi;.— b) (with -a) withdrawn. Pe>. IX, 10 "pT> 
'31 -jbilJa 'a thy share be withdrawn from thy lamb, and 
be transferred to ours; a. e. — c) v. TjltlJa. 

Nif.^Oa} 1) to be stretched. Y.Yeb.VIII, 8 d bot. nsttja: 
n^bsa if the prepuce overgrew the corona of itself, v. 
TjTOa.— 2) to be prolonged, continued. Hor. 12 a . .ywBia f» 
imsba ?|tt5HM5 113 . . . kings are anointed at a spring in 
order that their government may be prolonged (cmp. Hag. 
1. c). lb. inisba TOtBaS their dynasty was prolonged; a. 
fr. — 3) to be withdrawn. Tosef. Pes. VII, 7 ^Wsnb 121 
'31 niSanbl (ed.Zuck. incorrect) if they desire to withdraw, 
and that others be entered &c. lb. '31 pbmi "patSa? they 
may go on withdrawing &c, a. fr. — 4) to be drawn after; 
to follow. Ex. B. s. 24. Gen. B. s. 86 xbl . . plBia vnffi m&b 
nsttjaa nnin like a cow which they attempt to pull to 
the slaughter-house, and which will not go; a. fr. — 5) to 
be conducted in a channel. Tosef. Par. IX (VIII), 9 cran 
'31 piaaan well-water derived into a channel &c, v. fla; 

JSif. TJIBan l) to cause to extend. Keth. 10 b (the rain) 
TpBJaal yisa gives beauty and enlargement (to the fruits). 

—2)'to draw, pull. Y.Kii.vni, 3i e top, a e. nswan nmm 

'31 if he drove the animal, or pulled it, or called it. Ex. B. 
s. 20, beg. pia YipDftjan I pulled him by the bridle ; a. e.— 
S)toconduct water mtochannels.Tem.l2 b nto^lfcn»naiXUJ 
nVlS a collection of drawn water all of which has been 
conducted through a channel. Y. Shebi. II, end, 34 b Tpftjrfj 
to irrigate by gutters, contrad. to niplEnb. Y. M. Kat. I, 
80 b top '31 'pSan 'n he led the water of a well into it. 
Tosef. Sabb. VII (VIII), 16 '31 p yo^aa you may let 
wine or oil run in gutters before bride and groom ; Ber. 
50 b ; a. fr. — 4) to prolong a meal, to add a course. Succ. 
27 a , v. H1B1B. 

?Jtt5!Ql ch. same, 1) to draw, carry along. Targ.Y. 
Gen. IX', 20 '31 Xinj filarial (read: n"01Bai) which the 
river had carried along from &c— Zeb. 53 b , a. e. 13©a 
S135b iiai the many brought the single man over (to 
their opinion). — 2) to attract. Ab. Zar. 27 b WITH WKttJ 
834|a1 it is different with heresy, because it attracts (per- 
suades, offers inducements).— 3) (neut. verb) Ipa, tpttia 
to run in a continuous line; to be prolonged, continued. 
Targ.Y. Num. XXI, 35; Ber.54 b ffWl lattSahis teeth were 
prolonged. Hor. 12 a '31 frtta |*ia sOttStfl 'OVl "O as the 
water runs continually, so may the traditions which you 
teach be continued. lb. rVnVB iyia "W (Bashi "plUa) if 
the light continues to burn; Ker. 5 b .— [lb. HOW lDttJa, 
read: pi&a.]— Pes. 8 a n^lins "pBa the light (of a lamp 
or a candle) burns steadily, opp. i&IBp 11 !* ^Bp^a. Ab. 
Zar. 2 b iniinisbaa "Ol»a they will continue their ruler- 
ship; Yalk. Is. 316 WVrnba n3Ba; a. e. — 4) to take 
possession. B. Mets. 48 a 'rpttjal IS until he takes posses- 
sion; "jOal IS until he has taken &c. lb. 49 a n^32ia he 
has taken possession of it ; a. fr.— Meg. 3 l a KITl Ip® 'take 
possession of the ox' (mnemotechnical words to designate 
the order of Scriptural readings on the Passover days, 
ref. to 13SJB, Ex. XII, 21; lltt), Lev. XXII, 26 &c). 

Ithpe. 'TpViWX 1) to be attracted, carried away, seduced. 
Ab. Zar. 1. c. in"«in3 TfSaab VMUt he may be indiicecl to 


follow them (the heretics). Snh. 70 a Kin iSTOJS)iK MttSa 
it is in order to prevent being carried away (led to in- 
temperance) ; TptfSPa Kb he will not be carried away (it 
has no attraction for him); Talk. Deut. 929. Sabb. 147 b 
inii'ina 'IK he was drawn after them, he indulged in the 
luxuries of the place; a. fr. — 2) (v. preced. Nif.) to with- 
draw. Pes. 78 b 'SI "Ort iSBJaa IK if these should withdraw 
(from their participation in the Passover sacrifice), it 
would remain fit for the others. 

sjttfa II, &C$D/^a, 'l$V2m.(j>Tece&.)hide,skin. 
Targ. O.Num. XXXI,20. Targ. Lev. XIII, 8 (ed. Berl. SOffla). 
Targ. Y. Gen. Ill, 14 'S2JO; — Y.Ned.IiI,37 d bot. T -|l»a 
•etftti the hide of a serpent. B. Kam. 66 b , v. 'H'laK. Tanh - 
B'resh. 7 'a T^rt )K KpIS ■pn such a strap from such a 
hide (such poor work with such good material)! ; a. fr. — 
PI. "pSffia, iSUJa, 'in, 'ia. Targ. Ex. XXVI, 14. Targ. Gen. 
XXVH,' 16 


231DQ m. (b.h.; asttj) 1) couch, bed; grave. Kidd. 3l b 
iaisiiia niSS, V. n'l&B. Keth. 104 a ; a. fr.— Esp. 'a (raaio) 
ike uncleanness caused by an unclean person lying on an 
object, v. atJla. Kel. I, 3; a. fr.— Pi. niaSttSa. Keth. 1. c. 
Midr. Till, to Ps. CXLIX; a. e. — 2) sexual connection. 
Snh. 55 a ; a. fr— ("Crt) list asttJa pederasty. Succ. 29 a ; 
a. fr.— -H. as ab. Snh. 1. c. 'a lilB two ways (the natural 
and the unnatural way) of sexual gratification. lb. 54 a . 

fcGSl^D, 'BJD ch. same. Targ. Lev. XV, 4 ; a. fr.— 
Ber. 56^ "pan 'a '(Ms. M. lasffla h.) (his) couch will be 
upset (his domestic life disturbed).— PI. constr. laBIJJa. 
Targ. 0. Gen. XLIX, 4. Targ. Num. XXXI, 17 ; a. fr." ' 

rraDm wtqididd, v. nex t wds. 

i ri^DIBjpjD f. (^ffia) the shepherd's leading implements, 
as staff, bell &&; trnsf, the bell-wether, leader. B. Kanu 
52 a n3p 'a ib lamo yrs . . . isian ed. (Ms. M. 'aisea; Alf. 
ed. '31SW0, Ms. 'SlSta, v. Rabb* D. S. a. 1. note) as soon as 
he delivers the mashkokhith, the sale is perfected. lb. iKa 
'SIKSrt 'a What is m.? Here (in Babylonia) they explain 
it, 'the bell'. B.J. says, 'the goat that leads the herd'; 
Y. Kidd. I, 60 b top, expl. 'the staff', 'the pipe', 'the leader'; 
Y. B. Bath, m, beg. 13 d , v. tfyfitiB. 

)^' l y i i2l&2 f. ch. (preced.), 'a K3S the leading flock. 
Targ. T Y.'Gen. ! XXX, 40 (ed. 'aiSUJa, corr. ace; h. text 

TQtSJQ m. (tottj) security, pledge. B. Mets. VI, 7 imbn 
'an hs if one loaned on a pledge. lb. 'si 13i3UJa . . . IMa 
man is permitted to hire out the poor man's pledge (for . 
the debtor's benefit). lb. 82 a (in Chald. diet.) 'a 1111} K>ia 
'si when the pawn is not worth the money loaned on it. 
lb. 'a naip am ks>a the creditor owns the pledge (for the 
time being, and is reponsible for it); a. fr. — Ex. R. s. 31 
isiaca KiK ijaffla Klip xnn bK read not (Lev. XXVI, 11) 
'my dwelling' but 'my pledge'. lb. s. 35 (play on 'JSlBab, Ex. 
XXVI, 15) 'SI laukfc law Kintt) the sanctuary stands as a 
pledge, when the Israelites deserve destruction, it is seized 
on their account.— PI. niS'iSttJa, nisai^a. lb. s. 31 (ref. to J 

"phSSllJa, Num. XXIV, 5) 'a iStt} two pledges (the First and 
the Second Temple); Num. B. s. 12 ipniSSICa Klip inn bK 
^itli331!?a KbK read not thy dwellings &c. (v. supra); Tanh. 
Naso 14. Ex. K. 1. c. (with ref. to Ex. XXII, 25), cmp. 

IISttjH, WlSEJD ch. same, pledge, seized goods. 
Targ. Am. II, 8. T Targ. Gen. XXXVIII, 17; a. fr.--Gen. B. 
s. 70 'SI mbl 'a ib lan (Yalk. ib. 125 .p-OUJa) give me 
a pledge that none of you will divulge it; a. e. — PL 

K'jjiaaja, ^siaiaa, 'ma. Targ. Y. Gen. xxxvili, 25 (not 
Ki? ..'.).— Gen.' E. I.e. — Y. Pes. IV, 31 b bot. llrt^a film 
pa 'ia and their children were placed as pledges with 
them (for military levies). 


^S^IQj v. 1385a.-[Y. Yeb. VIII, 9 b top 'ai -^a-o, 
read: "(silBal, v. Tjliis.] 

pdDorp^voiara. ■ 

"P©£l (denom. of fiSSja) to take a pledge; to setee, levy. 
B. Mets'. 81 b VlKlbn nsiua 133tt?a he made him give apledge 
at the time when the loan was transacted; nsica Kbffl 'a 
'SI he seized it (through court proceedings) after the 
transaction of the loan. Ib. 113 b i331Bab K31B *T"3 nlba3 
when the court messenger comes to seize his goods. Shek. 
I, 3 T»«jaa ia nK against whom was seizure (for the 
contribution of the half-Shekel) executed?— Y. ib.ILbeg. 

46' waiaia Kbi fsEai •pussi i"aiu psa since the court 
had a right to seize and did not do so (because the claim 
was satisfied with another man's money). Cant. B. to 1,4 
(play 6n iSSffla, ib.) nsms "plfiK i33 ; i3ffla execute levy 
against me (take my sanctuary, v. fiSipa), yet after thee 
we run. Ex. R. s. 35 b"tsa i33tfiaal . . .'bB13 i3K I take a 
righteous man from them and seize him for their guilt; 
a. fr.— Part. pass, 13«aa; pi. biS3#iaa, •prsisiaa. Y.Shek. 
1. c. 'aan b» Kbi . . . 'pa'Tin -px iu'd'istributin'g the Temple 
contributions we do not take into account that which is 
being collected (and has not yet eOrne in) or that which 
is to be obtained by seizure. Peah VIII, 8, B. Mets. 73 b , 

Eithpa. lasann, Nithpa. latian? to be seized. Ex. e. 

S. 51, beg. 'SI dTaSB V® '3tt5 it (the sanctuary) was twice 
seized for their sins, v. 'jiaaSa. Ib. s. 35; Tanh. Vayakh. 9 
anite laiaana isinan m\ v. fa#a. lb. 'si fsafflana iin^i 
and they (the righteous) will be seized &c. Num. B. s. 12 
'Si asaiaani liripam pawn the Tabernacle and the Temple 
shall be seized &c. ; a. fr. 

]St25D, I^IIJlQ ch. same. Targ.Y. Ex. XXII, 25. Targ. 
Job XXIV, 3;"a.'fr. — B. Mets. 68 a 'si K^B ifh 'a (not 
llSffla) A pledged his field to B, and then rented it from 
him. Ib. 73 b top 'SI h^ 'a . . . 11a "1 a gentile gave his 
house (for occupation) as a pledge) and then sold it to &c. 
Ib. 113 a Kb iJiBttSa baK Ms. M. (ed. 133ffla) but to take a 
pledge out of his house he (the messenger of the court) 
is not permitted; a. fr.-Part. pass. *,31jjaa,f. K33Waa. Koh. 

B. to in, 2, v. Kniana. b. Mets. 73 b isujaai ksVii hin ik 
'SI Ms. P. (Ms. M-'ptBal, corr. ace; ed. IBSilaa mm) if I 


had known that the house was pledged tq you, Y. ib. 
VIII, end, 1 i 4 '31 TOSaJaa rvnn Strpa his house was pledg- 
ed to &c. ; a. e. 

Ithpa.W}rt}$ to, he given as a pledge; to be levied upon; 
to borrow on pledge. Targ. II Chr. XXV, 24 (h. text niaisn). 
Targ. Y. Deut. XV, 6; a. e. 

"EttJSm. (b.h.; 13113) dwelling, esp. the sanctuary of 
the desert, the Tabernacle. Erub. 2 a , v. icfrpo. Hum. R, s, 
}2; a. v, ft.— PL niS^SJa. lb.; a. fr. 

|!$Ij«©Q, 23 oh. same, dwelling t tent. Targ. Job XVIII, 
14.— Esp.' the Tabernacle. Targ. Ex. XXV, 9 ; a. ft.— PL 
"ptettSo, K*5Btt}a, 'a. Targ. Gen. IV, 20. Targ.Ps.CXXXII,5. 
Ib.LXXXIV, 2; a. fr. 

NfMSEJCI, 'ttipD f. (v. next w.) pledged property, 
occupancy subject to redemption at the original owner's 
will. Cant. E. to I, 4 (play on Tfiffla, ib.) sttiao NS1&6 
'a pjplpl'istl to the good land which is called a tenancy 
(cmp. Lev. XXV, 23); Yalk. ib. 981 KPflSJUJa. 

Stf^P?^?^ f. (v, Ti3ttia) a loan transaction whereby 
landed 'property is transferred to the creditor with the 
privilege of redemption by returning the loan (v. Sm, Ant. 
s. v. Pignus), [The particular conditions of the 'a depend 
on local usages.] B. Mets. 67 a '=1 tpVba*l 8-lttsa 'a Kh as 
to the settlement of a mashkanta, where the usage allows 
the debtor to repay the loan at any time, he may reclaim 
his property as soon as the value of the creditor's usu- 
fruct has reached the amount of the loan, but if the 
usufruct amounts to more, the balance cannot be claimed. 
Ib. b top, v. sni'jsi. lb. 68 a xna) 'a tans a m. without a 
JBxed term for redemption is meant for a year (during 
which the occupant cannot be disturbed), Ib. 110 a , a. e. 
'31 K11&1 'a the agreement of a m. customary in Sura, in 
which it is written, 'After the lapse of so and so many 
years, the property shall go back without payment'. Ib. 
'al snail) the dqcument of a m.; a. e.— Yalk. Cant. 981, 
v, preced. 

bflJ/D I (b. h.) 1) to handle, to touch. Yoma 46 a hVtia 
lixfl irta the flames had attacked them. — 2) to attend, 
manage, control. B. Mets. 75 b ItVs rtttiia infflSW to he 
whom his wife rules. Hull. 60 b '31 DTO tVittial taV (not 
Vlffial; Bashi VittJal "|V) go thou and attend by day and 
hy night.— B. Bath. 78 b (ref. to Num. XXI, 27) dtbffliah 
blTQ who control their inclinations ; a. e.— Vtljia governor, 
consul. Yad. IV, 8 '=1 VffllBft til* Starve ans you write 
the governor's name and year together with the name of 
Moses in a document. [B. Kam. 38 a tVttJia, DtVaJia, cen- 
sorial emendations for fltoVa, v. Eabb. D, S. a. 1. notes.] 

Pi. Visa to handle, dispose of, use. Gen. E. s. 20 Vist 
^2 V3a RVlBaa you might think, he may use her in what- 
ever way he pleases ; Yalk. ib. 32. 

Hif. VtUJan to make a ruler. Sot. 36 b sittVtUJaft . . . las 
lJtVs a slave whom his master bought tot twenty pieces 
of silver, — wilt thou make him a ruler over us 2 ; a. e. 

5CD II (b. h.; denom. of next w.) 1) to speak meta- 
phorically. Nidd.V,7 '31 iVtiJO Vlfta the scholars introduced 
metaphors for designating the'stages of female puberty. — 

2) to compare, to give an illustration, losef. I(er.1, 11 
'31 fiaV VlDa iVffla they made a comparison: what is this 
to be compared to? To &o. B. Hash. 17 b Vti)a *jV VittSaSt 
'31 ttaV let me tell thee a parable: what is this like to? 
To &c. Cant. E. to H, 15 »t« twoVaft his Vuiia sirtffio 
8983 kVx ■jVttJia when one wants to find a simile for 
hostile governments, one compares them to fire; a, y, ft. 
—Part. pass. VlUJa; f. nVltaa; pi. b'tyxaa, y»VTO5a; niVlttJa. 
Meg. 16 a '31 'al 1S3>V 'a' 11 flalX that nation (Israel) is 
compared now to dust and now to the stars; a. v. fr. 

Mf. Vajai to be compared (followed by -V, "3 or -a). 
Taan. 7 a WV film frQ^ >iV$a3 Ms. M. (ed. ms, ipsa. y. 
Eabb. D. S. a.l. note) the words of the Law are compared 
to fire. Gen. E. s. 41 dtaV tbtiaW MIlKl the Law which 
is compared to water; a. v. fr. 

5 ffiiO m. (b. h. ; v. VttSa I) [something tangible, sub- 
stantial, plausible; cmp. NVnoxJa truth substantiated by 
an illustration, wise saying; fable, allegory; example; 
mashal. Cant. E. introd. 'al-Vp ntii 'an SHI Vtf do not 
esteem the mashal lightly, for through it man gets at 
the basis of &c. Ib. '31 'a lV ffltl snpa lV t0\ y, MX^a. 
Ex. E. s. 40, beg. 'a Vest) nlthV SIX "pa man should take 
an example (of the Lord). Pes. 49 a bot. '31 tassV 'a it is 
like mixing grapes with &o.— TralT *D1h MaV 'a, v. hm a. 
preced.— B. Bath. 15 a -mi 'a stVx . . . rVii «V 3.VW the story 
of Job never occurred, but was invented merely as a 
parable. Snh. 92 b rVi-| 'a nas (the vision of the valley 
of the dead) was the truth of a mashal, (emended:) naKa 
iltn 'a in the truth (the fact of resurrection) there was 
a symbol (for the redemption of Israel from captivity; 
Ez. XXXVH, 11).— Y. Keth. IV, 28 c top; Y. Snh. VIII, 
26 c top 'aa fnina TtWSp ,..n this is one of the three 
verses in which the Law uses metaphorical expressions 
(Ex. XXI, 19; XXn,2; Deut. XXII, 17); Mekh, Mj?hp, 6 ; 
a. tr.—Pl. DtViija, iniViaa. Sot. ix, 15 (49 a ) iV«a af-i-pawa 
'a tVitsia with the death of E, M. ceased the cprnposers 
of fables. Cant. R. 1. c. '31 ViJ) ItniViJJa the wise sayings of 
Solomon. Ib. 'a t*Q1 didactic literature, opp. 1BJ. Ih. !0V5? 
'a three collections of sayings (Pro v. I to IX; XJ;o XXJV; 
XXV to XXXI). Num. E. s. 14, end 'aa bit ^...Hrta D91 
God spoke to Balaam only through allegories (visions).— ^ 
Succ. 28 a 'pVsiU) niViaa (Ms. M. niVttjaa, v. Eabb. D. 8. a. 
1, note) fox-fables; 'pea'D 'a washers' fables; B.Bath.l34», 
Snh. 38 b (Ms. M. I-iVfflaa); Yalk. Prov. 947.— Gitt. 35 a bot. 
MiVfflaal aits iBb copies of the Books of Job and Proverbs 
(v. infra).— t>ii5a (sub. naVtt)) Mishit, the Book of Proverbs 
(commencing with the word mishle). Cant. E.l.q. B.Bath. 
14 b , Y. Yoma I, end, 39 b ; a. e. 

TlbEftj tired, y, vi$. 

nil 7$0 f. (1). h-; nVti) 1) errand, message; substitu- 
tion. Num. E.s.14 innVajaa WH htm and he(Naftali) was 
zealous in carrying out his mission. Koh. E. to Vlil, 8 
(expl. rinVUSa, ib.) '31 bl&t "JtN ('there is no substitution 
in war',) none can say to the angel of death, let my slave 
or an inmate of my house go in my place.-^-2) letting loose 
(by divine dispensation), visitation (of wild beasts). B, 
Mets. VII.9; a. e., v.axt. 


; ^b^a.^^b^Q m. ("tyi I) fork. Targ. I Sam. II, 
13, sq. (ed. Wil. »j5ittja).— PL xrV-nbffla, Stasia, "utta. Targ. 
I Chr. XXVin, 17. Targ. T. Ex/xXVIM (some ed. 'a). 
-[Tosef. Sabb. XIV (XV), 3, v. next w.] 

TC [ 'y&2 f. (preced.) a tool for lifting objects out of a 
well, lifter. Tosef. Sabb. XIV (XV), 3 (some ed. K^ffla, 

d5dQ, '"Q m,(dil!$) completion, end. Targ. Job 1,4. 
— B. Mets. 67 b ,'a. e. -p^K UM)ll> d^aai after the lapse of 
so and so many years, v. KPOBSJQ. 

rvnatEa, v . twim&a. 

JTIDIDD pr. n. pi. Mashmahig (P. Sm. 2245), a place 
on an island of the Persian Gulf. — 'al X01113 the- port of 
M., mentioned for its pearl fisheries. B. Hash. 23 a . Yoma 
77 a (in a passage omitted in many editions) 'a 1 ! 'S (ed. 
cited in Babb. D. S. a. 1. JiOtlia, Ms. 0. aMJBa). 

^■DlDI^D m. (fifflttS) a sneak thief, opp. to tnxA. Ab. 
Mar. i5 b '3i ! -pani 'a3 (Ms. M. sated XBiafflad, Bashi 
"idiaiUaa) it refers to an (ordinary) thief who sometimes 
s murder to save his own life. 

Tfi^WUfiQ m. (ttiaift?) touch. Gen. B. s. 52 d^T* 'a an 
illicit touch (of her) with his hand. Midr. Till, to Ps. 
VIII, 4 [read :] "pH153SK 'a &6x .... dwisn (ed. Bub. OfflSa, 
corr. ace.) those above (the angels) and those below have 
only (as much power as) the touch of thy fingers ; ib. to 
Ps. XIX 1S3SK 'a 113 ed. Bub. (ed. 1S3SX 113, corr. ace.) ; 
Yalk. Ps. 640.— [Y. Ber. in, 6 a bot., v. UialiJa.] 

S?H©Q m.'(b. h.; Sattj) 1) obedience. Sifre Deut. 357 
ref. to Deut. XXXIV, 9)*'31 bill 'a -fi> "p8 there can be 
no obedience greater than this. — 2) ordinary sense. — 
isasaaa in its usual sense. Yoma 61 a 'as TOTa 'altar' in 
its usual sense (requires no explanation); .pattJoB d*$030 
'the priests' &c. ; a. fr. 

"DlwQ m. (SaiD IK/ 1 .) intimation, logical conclusion. 
Yoma42 b , v. N^a II. — Esp. Satfiaa by implication, con- 
structively. Y. Erub. III,21 b top ; Y. Ned. I, end, 37 a , v. fT. 
—'31 W iji» . . . law© 'ao by mere logical conclusion 
from the text ..., would I not learn that &c. ? B.Bath. 110 a 
■'31 TOSOttS 'aa when the text says 'the daughter of Am- 
minadab', do I not know that she is the sister of N. ? B. 
Mets. 113 a ; a. fr. — PI. nisatia. Y. Yoma V, 43 a top 'a 
■pO^a they differ only as to the grammatical construc- 
tion of the text (without any difference in the law of the 
case).— lniiJt: X3*i!K plain OiSalBa they differ only as to 
the texts from which the law is derived. B. Mets. 27 a ; 
Snh. 76 b ; a. fr. 

-.52325X3 eh., v. Saiii I. 

5^5132523, (^S53tt5a) m.(Sa«3l) hearing. Targ. Job 
XLII, T 5.' Targ. Y.fGen.XLIV, 18 (Y.'ll some ed.O^SBlBa); 

^Saffia f. (preced.) 1) (=b. h. rwailia) following, 
s«t<e. T Targ.'lSam. XXII, 14. Targ. II Sam'. XXIII, 23.— 
2) (=Mnsai25) tradition. Nidd. 20 a O^OSai&o mbn whose 
own opinion agrees with his tradition(Var.OVi3ail}3 1*>as>1). 

laffia, Y. Shebi. IV, 35 a bot., v. IdbHO. 

"ia2?a m. (b. h.; lattj) 1) guard, esp. a division for 
duty of 'priests and Levites. Taan. IV, 2, v..1aSa. Hor. 
13 a 'a 115&S1 chief of the guard. Taan. 1. c. Wl&atB b»1ffli 
'a the Israelites attached (as lasa) to that division; a. 
fr.— PI. niiataa. Ib. Num. B. s. V; a. fr.— 2) (=niiau5!<) 
watch, a certain portion of the day or the night. Ber. 3 a 
'al 'a b3 bs at the beginning of every watch. — PL as ab. 
Ib. ; Tosef. ib. I, 1 oVta 'a Bill) the night is divided into 
three watches. 

rna^Ja f. as preced. 2, watch. Ber. 3 a '31 OillliKI 'a 
(at the entrance of) the first watch, &c— PL Oilattia, v. 

nnatSD f. (b. h. ; preced.) guard, trnsf. (v. Iia) pre- 
ventive measure. M. Kat. 5 a ; Yeb. 21 a (ref. to Lev. XVIII, 
30) iSlaiZJab 'a WS make a guard to my guard, enact 
measures to prevent a transgression of Biblical laws. 

rnX325a f. (laffl Pa.) filter, strainer. Sabb. XX, 1 you 
may suspend (spread out) a strainer &c. Y. Ter. VIII, 45 d 
•p ill) 'an a strainer filled with wine; a. fr.— Trnsf. Ab. 
V, 15 'a a scholar retaining what is useless and discard- 
ing the useful knowledge. 

pa25a (v.ttJia,tt5aia) to touch, feel; to handle, manip- 
ulate; to examine, search. B. Mets. 21 b ttiaiBai illlW dIK 
'31 1&133 a person (carrying money with him on the road) 
usually feels for his bag at short intervals. Men. 36 a 
■pa IBallJaa he puts his hand on them. Erub. 54 b top to, 
03 fflaiaaa dlSSJ ^at as often as one searches it (the fig- 
tree); 13 lUaffiaa plJiOOlB t"3 as often as the suckling touches 
the breasts. Sabb. 82 a '31 11123 UJaUJa'i let him manip- 
ulate (stimulate the rectum) with pebbles. Erub. 13 b 
'THBSB3 lflafflai let him examine what he is doing, contrad. 
to IBSiaSi search (investigate) his past doings. Keth. 12 a 
'31 OK ttiatiab to be around (watch) the bridegroom and 
bride (in order to prevent deception). Snh. 63 b plBaitJaa 
■jOa they (the famished animals) licked them (begging 
for food); to come gropingly, slowly. Y. Peah 
VIII, beg. 20 d , v. SJla h.— Y. Ned. Ill, 38 a piBaiBaa...O!*i 
"pSGl if he saw the king's cutters come near and nearer, 
v. 3>iS£; ib. OX31 OBJattJaa Opito ONI if he saw the fire 
coming near and nearer. 

Pulpel BaiBia to be attended to, watched. Keth. 1. c. 
'a &6lB to when he was not watched. 

25a0a ch. same. Targ. Is. LIX, 10 (h. text SJIBSJ. 
Targ. Ps.' CXV, 7 (h. text '4W); a. fr. — B. Mets. 21 b 
103 ttJattiaa ittMattJa he feels for them (to make sure that 
he has not lost them). Ib. 103 fflafflaa he has been looking 
after the fruits (which he was parrying, and found, out 
their loss). Erub. 41 b NOIlll lOi •t&te&& (not 103) to 
make shrouds ready for them. 



tDU^D m.(preced. wds.; cmp. UiKja) substance. Y. 
Ber.III, 6 d hot. b^p BtBaBSa its substance remains visible; 
b^p ■jfelia pS Wva (not hfflaaa, ed. Lehm. 'OlaiBa) of 
liquids there is no substance left (when the spot is 
dried up). 

n^SSDEJn/DESQD f. (preced. wds.)one«;Ao touches 
everything', thievish. Gen. R. s. 74 'a jwro rrroa iTSi he 
knew her to be inclined to steal, lb. s. 18 '&aa; Yalk. 
ib. 24 '10a; Yalk. Is. 265 'fflaa (Deut. R. s. 6 FQSis). 


T\y&2 I m. (b.h.; hiiril) lieutenant, viceroy. Midr. 
Till. to Ps. CXLIX 'a j6lY..l*> T>!* h"aph the Lord has . 
no dux nor eparch nor lieutenant. 

rttCQ II m. (b. h.; preced.) 1) repetition. h!llBa(1&&) 
hllh ifie .Boofc of Deuteronomy. Gen. R. s. 3 ; Yalk. Gen. 4. 
Meg. 31 b '31 'n 'aa«J rYiWsp the curses contained in Deu- 
teronomy (Deut. XXVIII, 15—68); a. e.— 2) copy, dupli- 
cate. Snh. 22 a .— 3) = next w. Sifre Deut. 161 ; Yalk. ib. 
915 'SI »na 'a 'a ivb STOO dlS^n interpretation (of the 
Law, Targum) leads to oral law, the study of the oral 
law leads to discussion (Talmud). 

nJUjD f. (preced.) repetition, verbal teaching by re- 
peated recitation; traditional law, opp. to Kipa. Ab. Ill, 7 
inittiaa pidBa interrupts his study. Ib. 8 llWaa . . hSUBh is 
he who forgets one word of what he has learned. Ib. 
lWBJa Y^bS hBph his study was too hard for him. Brub. 
54 b 'a(h) lib 13*3 what was the order of delivery of the 
oral law? Ber.5 a (ref. toEx.XXIV,I2) H hlXahl . . . hllhh 
'a 'Torah' means the Pentateuch, 'Mitsvah', the oral law; 
a. fr. — Esp. Mishnah, a collection of oral laws, esp. that 
edited by R. Judah han-Nasi; also a section of the Mish-r 
nah. Esth. R. to I, 2, a. fr. 'a illb rflBia the six Orders 
of the Mishnah; Cant. R. to VI, 4; Pesik. Vayhi, p. 7 a , sq. 
'ail ISIS, v. ■£». Ned. 91 a hSUBKI 'a the earliest col- 
lection, rVW 'a the second edition. Y. Keth. V, 29 d hot. ; 
Y. Ter. VIII, beg. 45 a , sq.; a. fr.— Y. Yeb. Ill, 4 d , a. e. iSSt 
'art, v. K^SlBin. Y. Hor. Ill, end, 48 c 'SI ^t) ilnstia the 
collection inade by &c— Y. Ter. VIII, 46 b bot. •VFtn'o "sVi 
did I not follow the law of the Mishnah?; ib. hSliJa HI 
bilidhh but is this the mishnah of the pious (who must 
act kindlier than the strict law demands)?— Erub. 62 b , 
a. fr. "ipJl 3p . . . '1 nMa the opinions of R . . . recorded 
in collections are merely a hob (few) but pure (incon- 
testable); a. fr.— PI. rvPJttia. Y. Hor. 1. c. rrtnij 'a the 
large collections. Ib. 'a ai1...Sp">0 Rabbi embodied (in 
his collection) most of the collections (of his predeces- 

JlDffiD m. (preced.) Mishnah-teacher. Y. Maasr. Ill, 
50 d , v. isb. 

fcKT^iDEJD f. pi. ("TO) different directions of the axis 
of the eyes, squinting, strabismus. Bekh. 44 a WS3a 'a the 
disqualification from strabismus is derived from 6''ewo(Lev. 
XXI, 20). Ib. xnraua bWa (opn\ ace,; Rashi: .Wjwsi&j). 


fctnTOtBO, v. preced. art. 
. P^JltfjQ, "]"0^Q m. pi. (= b^Jtia, denom. of hiiiia) 
teachers of Mishnah. Lam.R.introd. (R. Abba 2); Y.Hag, 
I, 76 c , a. e. 'al SilBlO teachers of Bible and of Mishnah. 
Ex. R. s. 47 'SI 'plBVi 'ah rirna that the teachers of Mish- 
nah should, hold sessions in the morning &c; a. e. 

fl5.?25H *• (o- 1.; 1?^) crutch. Gitt..72 b , sq. to "j^rt. 
IFOSttSa when he walked on his crutch; a. e. 

"12JSD m , (denom. of ISB) market-commissioner. Gem 

*!©E5a f. (•*©) wine-sample. Gen. R. s. 38 (play on 
MBS}, Gen. XI, 1) SWPi &6lS1 'a Nil this sample (proves) 
that all the wine is bad, v. KWba. ' 

nhB^Q f. (b. h.; riSlB, cmp. riSb) family, Unship. 
Tanh/ed. Bub., Noah 24 (play on fiSttJ, Gen. XI, 1) nn» 'a 
one kinship (all equally bad, cmp. preced. w.). B. Bath. 
109 b 'a rWip 3K hh&ffla the father's kinship is called 
one's family (not the mother's). Eduy. VIII, 7; Kidd. 71 a 
'SI rVO nriSiaa (not niriBOa) a family named Beth &c. ; 
a. fr,— PI. niriBiaa. Tosef. Naz. I, 3, a. e., v. rh\; a. fr. 

YlWEfQ m. (b.h.; aSilj) sentence, judgment; justice, law. 
Meg. 21 a top; Snh. ll b 'SI bl"Q 'a ha as sentence can be 
passed in day-time only &c. Eduy. II, 10 'SI D'TOl BSUJa 
the judgment (punishment) of the wicked in Gehenna 
lasts twelve months. Tanh. Mishp. 1 h211 U 1 * Slit feto 
'ah is liasa tfVtf 'aa l^iai hllUSb a man of might does 
not care to act according to law, but ignores the law; 
a. fr.— Pi. dibbiim. Ex. R. s. 30 'si bhb rrav 'ah iii'bs 
through the laws which thou hast given to them, they, 
having a dispute with one another, go to law and make 
peace. .Ib. 'ah OTO . . . rVYWl . hirYO Ipaa in the morning 
the Law (religious principles) was given, and in the even- 
ing the civil law (Ex. XXI, sq.). Midr. Till, to Ps.XXXVI 
'SI 'at hasp 'pK there is no limit to the judgments for 
the wicked ; a. fr.— Mishpatim, name of a Scriptural lesson 
of a week (Ex. XXI, 1 to XXIV, 18). 

:J£>E5P m. CriBUJ) funnel. Kel. in, 8. Tosef. Sabb. 
VIII (IX), 10; a. fr. — Ab. V, 15 'a a scholar that learns 
and forgets easily, cmp. ni^lBa.— PI. SiSSttJa, ■pSSHa, 
Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. II, 7. 

JlD^ (preced.), Xhala 'a outpouring (of tor- 
rents) from the heights, ravines; slopes. Targ. 0. Deut. 
Ill, 17 (h. text mtBK). Targ. Josh.X, 40; a. fr. 

D5&ttJD f. 0>Bti, cmp. l=TUa) a wicker basket carried 
on a 'pole' over the 'shoulder. Kel. XIX, 10. Tosef. ib. : B. 
Mets. VI, 9; a. fr.— PL hftBIBa. Kel. XXIV, 9. Shebi. Ill, 2 
~\t\b "jrfe btt) 'a baskets (of foliage for dung) of a lethekh 
each. Ib. 'SI 'ah ^S yiBibia you may add to the number 
of baskets (to be put on the dunghills) &c. Y. ib. 34 c top 
'ah HK pHB"> v6 he (the Israelite) must not unload the 
baskets. Cant. R. to VII, 3; a. fe. 



""HpflJD m. pi. (Ipffii) guards; fffcft 'nsnati-sMls. 
Ab, Zar.' 28 b ed. (Ms. M. a. Ar, inpffla). - 

. nj?25Dm. (b.h.; n^fydrink, %«M*.SifraSh'mini chJX, 
Par. d'-^fl rtf 'A 'drink' (Lev. XI, 34) means wine. lb. 'a 
HV1& spoiled liquid; Pes. I8 a ; a. fr.— PJ. S^paja, yipUJa. 
Ib. 17 b a'*"!' 1 hana yxart 'a liquids which have become 
unclean through contact with unclean hands. lb. "ifcWOSSJ 
'a hana vessels which have become unclean through the 
liquids, put into them;' a. fr.— SWiBa "rYn ""plSa, v. 

K^naoa^a. K'ljna'ia.:. ■ ■ ■•' • -'- 

; bipto'a, v.^a. ' 

: fOiptlJH f. (b. h. rfc'ptia; to;©; sub. las) plummet. 
KeJ. XXIX, 3. 'ah pin plumb-line. B. Bath. II, 13 *1M3 
'atl measure by the plummet (cutting off all branches 
as far as they hang over the border line); Tosef. ib. I, 
15; cmp/nbaiaa; a. e. — PL niMpida. Kel.XII,8 Talm. 
ed. 'ani rnto&TOart (Mish. ed., a. ed.' Dehr. WftjsBJa) two 
kinds of plummets (B. S. weights, v. to^tlia). 

:. J^tptfe N!?}bj?£5D ch. same. Targ. Zeoh. IV, 
10; a. T fr. 

'^Iptfe in. (b. h.; t]p<D) cross-piece, lintel. Ab. d'K., end yntort 'a the lintel, contrad. to nSlptJitf. 
Mekh. Bo, s. 11; Yalk. Ex. 197 '31 'ain . . . rvtmta rtlijto} 
our ancestors in Egypt had three altars; the lintel and 
the two: posts; a. e. -...■'.. 

"©ipEJd,' /; lpiipa f. (S]ptf) knock, bruise. Targ. 0. Ex. 
XXl", 25 (not '•'B . . .j. Targ. y'. I ib. XV, 25. 

^Q, ^p^ja m. ch.l)-=h. rtpffla, drink. Targ. 
Lev.'xi, 34;. a.'e.— Koh. B. to III, 9 WW • ■>'*ip«Ja in 
(some ed. lipffla, oth. ^pJBa) one hot drink. — 2)= h. 
rtmaa, feast. Targ. Esth, 1,3. Targ. II Esth. IX, 17 r sq. 
K'jpJBa; a. fr. 

btri^pffla f. pi. (f^i) abominations, idols. Targ. 
Y. II Drat" XXIX, 16 'ffi>pa'(corr. ace). 

?p©a m. (b. h. ; ipttj) weighing, weight. Tosef. Hull. 
IX, 9 'an ISa^n rtpV if he bought of him by the weight. 
B. Bath.V, 10 'al 'a to to as of ten as he uses the weights ; 
Sifra K'dosh. Par. 3, ch. VIH'a 'a to to(corr. ace). Ib. 
(ref. to Lev. XIX, 35),' v. Wtfm Ker. 5 a 'ai 'a rrti !*V 
'31 he must not use one weighed species as a weight for 
the other; a. fr. — PI. ■ nftj3«ja,- Sifra 1. c; B.Bath. I.e.; 
, .v. Una.. Tanh. Balak i2 ; 'aaXpmai fcwa (not rtbisa) com- 
mitting wrong and fraud in weights; ib, 'aa :l "ipt&a using 
false weights; Talk. Num. 765; a. fr. 

. nbp{2Ja,!P!bpdn, v . n^a, sw^b,- -■ ■;■",'■., 
L ' np®av.^a. .-■ 

, fcOlQQ I garden-bed; plain, v. S^ilpa. '... 
UT^H II coup, v. ^ttia. •' ' 

-" FHE5/D 1. (b. k; rtnaj) infusion; steeping; waiS FMl5a 
infusion of grapes. Pes. 44 a '3T JVHBa iSh this additional 
specification of mishrath (Num. VI, 3) &e; a. e.-^ Tosef. 
Shebi. VI, 25, v. ilB'TKB.— B. Kam. 102 a , a. e. fc0>1 ttto&6 
'aVyou may use the products of the Sabbatical year 'for 
eating' (Lev. XXV, 6), but not as substances for steeping, 
v. NaMto;— Esp. a pond for steeping flax &c. B.Bath. 
II, 10 '31 'art ns "ppirna you must keep your pond re- 
moved from your neighbor's vegetable garden &c. Ib. 18 b 
XpfV'a the legal distance between a pond' and your 
neighbor's vegetable garden; a. e. 

"nittJE, v. tjtia. . 

^^ntt5D-pr.n: pi. Jf««ftr«»»a, in Babylonia. B.Mets. 
107 b 'a "VO (Ar. 'SWa; oth. Var., v.Babb.B. S.a.l.note 6) 
the community of M. (to which the adjacent forest be- 

SSH~)$a m. (HJO) slippery spot— PL ys'httSa.. Targ. 
Jer. XXIII,' 12. 

^iTf'S'' 1 ) lt)a (preced.) pr. n. Mashrnitha, name of a 
peak/larg. I Bam. XIV, 4 (h. text ysia). 

"H©D/Z3> * l ~)VPl2m.(*'nu5)eamp,resting place. Targ. 
Y. Gen.' XXXII, 9. 'Targ. Ps. XIX, 5 irjttja (il^a; Ms. 
SOliho). Targ. Is. XIII, 22 ^a; a. fr.— PL T^nisa, v. 

W-ntiSQ,' ^©D, '"]* f. same. Targ. 0. Gen. 
XXXIL9;— Consij\n^u5a,'w-nBa, '"VfBQ. Targ.Num. 
11,9; a. fr.— PI. Krmttja, WWWo, . IWtea, '"naa. Targ. 
Gen. XXXII, 8; 11 (Y. 'l^l^a, v. prebe'd.). Targ. Num. 
XXIII, 10; a. fr.— Snh. 28»,''sq. rtTi^niBa 1S«ain the face 
of his camps (soldiers); Wrt t]n^W©a where are thy 

rt"l£Ja, rPEfrttq pr. n. m. WshmsKya, an 
Amora.' Snh. '63 b . Ker[6 a ; 

; STI^ja, v. m«3a. ■■ ■ ■ 

ri"ll2^a f- (^;) « depilatory substance, Nass, 42 a "SBa 
/art because he might eventually use a depilatory earth. 

'■ rnto, v. traa. 

rn©D,-m. (b. h.; nnsj) servant, attendant. Y. Ned. 
IX, beg. T 41 b '31 T'tta "n 'a I was the attendant of K.Me'jr 
on both his flights; a. e.— [Ber. 63 b ^Mnn .'», v. tWllj.]— 
P7. ffiB*wa.' Snh. 63 b BYOS "ttnuja idolatrous temple- 
fSfervants, -' 

fflffla (b.h.; v. ttSw) id feel, grope, search.— Palp. 
Tiiaiaaq. v. 

t5©a I 'ch., Pa. &m same, Targ. 0. Gen. XXXI, 

34; 37 _ (Y. aaaja). 

■■ -■dtt3-rt : WtittQ* I&b, (preced.) ^staned es- 
sence; reality, Targ. Lam. II, 14; Targ. Job XV,13; a.e.— 
• A%*'Zai\ 55* 'a-rtari'ib rST that' there is no reality in idols, 
f «ss,4 b /W>a'fi'<>8. <ja , "*ra :( «Sht rt^'aHIDK has /their deola- 

ration any significance? — Teb. 102 b , v. ybft. Sabb. 152 b 
bot., v. fcWJBa ; Talk. Gen. 33 BUJiBa. , 

1?]toi£0> part. Sif. of iUtfe q. v. Koh. E. to VII, 19. 

?fc$r!©El m. (Vi«3) owe inquiring of the oracle, augur, 
divine?. Targ. Is.' Ill, 2 (h. text b&p). 

FHE5D m. (b. h.; MB12J) drink. Keth. 8 b dWIBSI HBfea 
'St as those before you drank (the cup of grief) &c.-^Esp. 
feast, wedding meal &c. ' Gen. E. s. 53 b^«5 hBUJa VliS 'a 
'a great feast' (Gen. XXI, 8) a festive gathering of great 
mem Keth. 4 a , a. fr. 'an W BS3S5 the wedding week. 
Sabb. 67 b ISSi 'a S"H1» gave a feast in honor of his son. 
Keth. 8 a driaiSi 'aa-SViM'the voices of the youths sing- 
ing at their banquets. Ber. 1, 1, a. fr. 'an rva (the house 
of a) wedding. Deut. B. s. 1, end;, a. fr.— PI. Htojttfo, 
WhRSJa. B. Bath. 91 a . Ruth E. to IV, 2; T. Keth. I, T 25 a 

'si 'a' Bias . . . ensaarnu nn Bt& isaa from here (Ruth 

I.e.) this house (of the Nasi) learned to ordain elders 
at its banquets. Nidd. 16 b , v. biy, a. fr. 

I^FKOQ m. pi. (v. BiBiBa) foundations, supports; 
trnsf." faith. Targ. T. II XXX, 11, v. tVWga. 

ItfplFlOQ in. (pr«B) silence. Targ. T. Lev.X, 3.— Meg. 
18 a , a! e. 'pris 'a Stea rf» a word is worth a Sela, silence 
is worth two. lb.; T. Ber. IX, beg. 12 d 'a aViSI Kab, v. 

^D1?lt2Ja, ^D BMJa, drinking; feast. 
Lam. B. to' I, 7 'a'l ■. . . KISTa she remembers the seven 
days of her wedding feast. Gen. E. Si 3 . . IpSa (OS .fbl "p 
iBIBapal . . this is my order for my wedding feast. T. 
Shebi'.IV, end, 35 c ; Lev. B. s. 11, beg., v. JCasiailB. Koh. 
E. to III, 2 hWllUaS at his wedding. T. Ber. VI, io c bot. 
'31 .IWIBhA to the wedding of &c; a. e.— PI. JtBllBfiJa. 
Esth. E. to I, 9 linininaja, v. -n?- 

^STlFl^D f. ch.=h. rfftttJri, foundation. Esth, fi,. to 
I, 9 (play on D3 a. irittil) [read:] STlh inuil ill) 'a Ml M 
'31 level, level the foundation of Vashti, the time has 
come &c, v. daa. 

■"PlCJXD ««e6, v. xniPiiija. 

^SJQ, fcCFtiS, "M,=h.nB«a. Targ. is. in, l. 
Targ." II Chr. fx', 20.' Targ. I Sam. XXV,' 36; a. fr— Sabb. 
152 a ^3>a 'a drinking is more effective. Pes. 103 b 1p» 
n^BUJaa nvsn Ms. (ed. KTnBaa) he has discarded the 
thought of drinking; a. e.— [Talk. Is. 289, v. next w.] 

.,' "^FlEJD m. pi. (preced.) horsemen watering their 
horse'sV Jj'a,m. E. introd. (E. Joh. 1) (expl. 1MB Bia, Is. 
XXII, 7) '31 ppiS 'a •ftitto 'a one troop watering their 
horses went, another came, so that they appeared to be 
very numerous; Talk. Is. 289- TUBS (corr. ace). 

. tW0]2 f. (denom. of Bllj, pi. BIBB; rffllj) foundation. 
•Gen. B. si 71 (play on iJ3, Gen. XXX, 11) T«S>1» ^a »3 
'AY. irmjaja, "tills he is coming who is destined to cut down 

the foundation (idolatry) of the gentiles (Elijah the.Gad- 
ite), Y.,)^vma'', Midr, Till, to Ps. XC, 1 bl'OS \® :fry*Wja. 
the foundation of idolatry. Gen. E. s. 75 (ref. to B1BU3&, 
Ps. XI, 3) Jacob '31 HTCil inipiffla SKlMffl who is the foun- 
dation and basis of the world; (Talk. Ps. 653 dVi* B^BtB, 
v. rWBJ). Koh. E. to II, 5 px S>U5 sn">Pitt|a the founda- 
tion (centre) of the earth. lb. to II, 12. Midr. Sam. ch. 

NDTl't^D drink, v. aniMJa. 

ND^Q, '\"D$D> ^VjQ I. (Wiail) web, Targ. 
Jud. XVI, 13, sq.-Nidd. 58 a . Ex'. E. s. 42, end JSBp-Q irWa, 

(v. SlianBJs) acquaintance, friend. 

Targ. Ps. OXLII, J 

; nn* l Qnt£l]Q, be read:naiTOam.(bnti)6orer, 
siphon.— T. Erub. X, 26 d top, expl. I^'Si"^. 

riQ m. (b.h.; BW) dying, dead; corpse. Ber. 3 b "0S3 
fiari in the presence of a dead body; Ba bffl 1i*l3*J affairs 
concerning the dead. lb. 18 b , a. e. '31 Bal> h»1 TOp the 
gnawing of the worm is as painful to the buried corpse 
as a pin &c; a,— msa Ba, v.HISa. — PI. &iBa, constr. 
■TO. M. Kat. 20 a ri12aiBa, v.niSa/Ber. 18 b . Tosef. Sabb. 
VI (VII), 1 'ah yd!? to the graveyard; a. v. fr.— Snh. 55 a , 
a. fr. Ba ffiialba coition with memhtum, mortuum. 

&trO> v. KBiala.II. ' 

S^rD f. (=SBXa; NBX; cmp.dipa; Mand. NBXa; Assyr. 
matu, T constr. mat land, v. Schr. KAT2, p. 510; 568) home, 
place, town. Men. 85 a (prov.) ^Ipffl Npli Sp*i"i'nal> Ar. a. 
Ms.K.(Ms.M.BiS^; ed.Xpl"' XBa^i) carry vegetables to the 
home of vegetables; Ex. E. s. 9 Sp^-Sna^s; Talk. Ex.182 
KpTfi '»*>. Sabb. 145 b bot. (prov.) '31 'XO. jftffl WalB ,'a3 
Ms. M. (ed. 'a &6a) at home my name (will give me my 
position), abroad, my dress. B. Kam. 113 b 'a 13« 'a 13 
B3Sia one citizen may be levied upon for the delinquent 
taxes of a fellow citizen. Snh. 112 a 'a iJ3 citizens (tax- 
payers, after a residence of twelve months) ; 'a laB* 1 res- 
idents (after thirty-days). Teb. 17 a rTTiKa, v. ^56"1rt; 
a. v. fr— PZ. (fr. NBIBa, v. P. Sm. 2246) KBIlBS settlements. 
Gitt. 7 a '3T SSIXI <a small Palestinian places. Erub. 21* 
'31 "(Sbsa 'a (ruined) settlements within a distance of &c— 
!*iona sBa, v. »;!?Ba. . 

" I N?1D pr. n. m. Mattai (abbr. of IfTjBBa), Matthew, a 
disciple of Jesus. Snh. 43 a (in a passage omitted in most 
editions), '31 'a iart il hin di^alsri ftifian Jesus had five 
disciples; M. etc. lb. (by way of play On ^Ba, Ps. XLII, 3, 
a. Xlil, 6) "Via, V. 1513,-^-V. X^Ba. 

; P^iSSjQ m. (bNB) twin-; esp. twin-leaf , the central 
rib of a branch of palm-leaves. T. Succ. Ill, beg. 53 Q ; v. 


" TM^^Qf., pi. rfiEPNirO , (preced.) twin-teeth (bi- 
cuspids), molar teeth. Bekh.VI, 4 'an Mish. (Talm. ed. 39 a 


haTn ; Bashi 'sha ; ib. in Gem. tflaW, ftOWri) ; Sjfra Emor 
oh. VI, Par. 7 (Babad to Sifra 1. c: corner of the mouth). 

11 -DSHD m. pi. (omp. nisrPif), "'ami 'a bunches of 
garlic. B. Bath. 86 a , v. X^aida. 

S^n^rip m. (= annna, v. T-inn; *v\; s yr . sona, 
KIKina, P T . Sm. 2256) rake, poker, shovel. Hag. 4 1 ', sq. tlW 
'3 STTO 'a SBipS (Ar. niRina; En Yakob Ninna) took a 
shovel in hand and raked &c, v. i^n. Gitt. 69 b bot. -itVOI 
'31 Klttina Ar. ed. Koh. (oth. Ar. ed. Dtlina; ed. KIITO) and 
,let him bring a shovel and put it over them &o. [Ar. : 
a board.] 

13TD m. (b. h.; denom. of -jan) shed for straw kc. 
Erub". VII, 5 ; Tosef. ib. IX (VI), 17 '; a. e. 

^^a. Targ.II Kings XIX, 3; Targ. 
Is. XXXVII, 3. Targ. II Sam. XXII, 5 (h. text «); 
Targ. Ps. XVIII, 5 (h. text i^on). Targ. Ex. I, 16-' (G. 
ed. Dien. 'a; h. text DiJ3«) ; a. e. 

fcOSri/Q m., pi. THana (lata) =b. h. dinaiBa, breakers, 
waves. Targ. Ps. XLII, 8. 

JPQ (denom. of next w.) to bridle. Pesik. Zakh., p. 24 b 
■iSPiaa fix, v. d^a II; Yalk. Deut. 938; Tanh. ed. Bab., 
Ki Thetse 6 VXVSH (corr. ace.) 

S)12 m. (b. h.) bridle, reins. Pirke d'E.El. eh. XXXVI 
(ref. toViasn sna, n Sam. vili, i) iian 'aa rw* nas npi 

'31 he (Isaac) took one cubit's length of the reins of his 
ass, and gave it to him (Abimelech) as a sign of friend- 
ship (v. Targ. Y. Gen. XXVI, 31). 

WiriD, '">£ ch'. same. Targ. Y. Gen. XXVI, 31 (v. 
preced.).— [Sabb. 51 b bot., v. &»t?a.] 

• IHEftrD f., v. la*. 

;. snwlna, v. «iKna 

^Jl^DQ, ^F^DE? f. (ani) seat. Targ. Jud. V, 11 
WWia ed. Lag. (oth.' ed. fcttha) constr.— V. Ntnaina. 



^"lilD, -T1E1D m. («n.N; cmp. SWa) being carried, 
desireJ'Ts.rg. Y^Geii. Ill, 16 Tpina (h/text -ppTBn). Ib. 
IV, 7 ; a. e. 


. ItfPufCfinD f. (^3K I) relish, preserve. Pes.43 a iainp 
,'a ilia, li Ms. M. (ed. xrf>i3na Y? lai^p) bring me some- 
thing to go with the meat. Sabb. 77 b (phonetic play) 'a 

sm smSin iria Ar. (ed. xi rton ina xrtisna, Eashi a. 
Ms. 0. '3ina; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 8) m., 'when will 
this end?' 

NMriD m. (too) poet.— PI. K^ina. Targ. Y. Num. 
-XXI, T 27 ; 6. S^ttB (ed. Berl. K^tta). Targ. I Sam. XXIV, 
'14 xibna Bxt* -v.V&na.' . 

pCl/Dl pr. n. Mathun, 1) name of an Amora. Y. M. 
Kat. in^83 b top. B. Kam. 96 a , sq.; Succ. 32 a Ms. M. (ed. 
■pnii).— 2) name of a woman. Ber. 20 a , v. next w. 

"jiria II m., SlDinq f. fina) slow, careful, considerate, 
patient. Hor. 14 a , v. ntfjpa. Ber. 20 a (a proverb cited, when 
a person was fined for attacking a Samaritan woman 
named Tina) '31 sais 'a 'a HBJiK iia»1 Wl Ms. M. 
(v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.) that is what people say, mathun, 
mathun (to be slow) is worth four hundred Zuz. Tosef. 
Sabb. VII (VIII), 24, sq.; a.e.— PI. DiMttg.'pMna; f.niarra. 
Ab. 1, 1 -pa 'a Tin-be careful in judgment. Tosef. Makhsh. 
I, 8 'a 'p&iD (B. S. to Makhsh. II, 4 HDinn) slow (inter- 
rupted) drops, opp. nSo ins nSD; a. e. [Chald. T*TO, v. 


"JiriQ, Y. Sot. I, beg. i6 b '31 -pna s6k 'a "jina sVi, a 
corrupt., prob. arisen from a tautography of -pna, read : 
naiN ^>1B W]ina xbl (v. Maim. Sot. IV, 18, a. Num. E. 
s. 9; B'erhag-Golah to Shulh. Ar. Eben ha-Ezer 178 sug- 
gests Tha, corresp. to nai*a in Maim. 1. c.). 

WiriD c. CjSft, v. NSfia) 1) reeky, foul. B. Bath. 19 b 
'aa when the straw is foul. — 2) (noun) 'a, attjMna f. reeky, 
infiltrated earth. Ib. 18 a 'al trap 'a ground infiltrated 
(with urine &c.) is injurious to the wall. Ib. 19 a KpiTin 
'al- the damage caused by &c. Pes. 47 b fcOlttoa Ar. a. Ms. 
M. 2 (ed. SWTnaS; Ms. M. 1 nsinaa) it means swampy 
earth (which cannot be crushed to powder). 

HD^fllQ v. y^na II. 

Kflyinfy v. WWUD. 

piJlQ I m., TlffiTlQ f. (b. h. ; pna) sweet; pleasant. 
Cant. E. T to V, 16, v' ^in'; Num. E. s. 10, beg.; a. fr.— PL 
dipsina, "pp-ina; nipsina. Erub. 18 b ; a. fr.— Esth. E. to I, 9 
dipina 131a, v. npina'. ■ . 

pinQ II m. Bitter Apple or Cucumis (v. npina2). 
Shebi. Ill, 1 ; IX, 6 'an Cams IS until the mathokbegics 
to dry up; [E. S. a. 1. the juice of the dung].—Y. ib. Ill, 
beg. 34 c , expl. nOTpB. 

Slj^np, v. pina 1. 

jjViriLl m. C$>V\) perfected, well-arranged, finished, esp. 
fruits properly tithed. Dem. IV, 7 'a laiK the tithes 
have not been given of it. Nidd. 15 b , a. fr. nan pst nptn 
'a T51JW5 131 . .~. . XiSia the presumption is that a haber 
will not let go out of his hands anything not perfected 
(according to law);— PI. diS(9WTa, lia^na. Ib.; a. 
fr. — Yoma 71 a 'al . . . dun a prolonged, blessed and per- 
fect life. 

']Q5"l i l^'P ™. (d41«?) interpreter. Lam. E. to I, 13 (ref. 
to Esth. VII, 5) '31 'an lasil 'a^ . . "last 1 ?! King Ahasver 
spoke to the interpreter, and the interpreter to Esther; 
Yalk. Esth. 1058; (Meg. 16 a TaSTttn).— Esp. a) translator 
(into Chaldaic or Greek) of the Biblical portion read at 
services. Meg. IV, 4 '31 'ni snp* «V one must not read 


for the translator more than one verse at a time. lb. 15 
'aln pl&Si Kbit) lib occupying no more time (in rolling 
the scroll) than the translator requires for interpreting 
the verse last read; a. e.— b)=S*liax q. v. Hull. 142 a '1 
'art msain. Ex. E. s. 3, end; a. e.—Pl. tpaaiina, ■p ... 
Koh. R. to VII, 5. lb. to IX, 17. Pes. 50 b ; a.'e. 

■pa^nn, *qq$7og, 'irra oh. same. Ta rg. 

Gen. XLII, 23.— TargT Ex. IV, 16 ;' a. e.—Pl. f;a51ina. 
Targ. II Chr. XXXII, 31. 

"pim, v. rrf r^?- 

LASTED m. (denom. of Sttin) a group of nine.— PL 
n-WWna. Y. Shebi. I, 33 b, a flS-IDfi the aggregate quantity 
(of one cake of figs) for each nine trees; v. tt&TOa. 

FirO (b. h.) to extend, stretch (cmp. "rca, riffla). Kil. 
VI, 9 '31 STTiai nniart if one trains a vine from one tree 
to another. Sabb. 75 a '31 Bin nniart he who pulls the 
thread of a seam (bringing the ends closer together), v. 
infra. Gen. R. s. 3, a. e. '31 nma SY*1 bt«i» laxn s6ffl lest 
you say, Michael stretched (the world) in the south &c, 
v. 11a; Midr. Till, to Ps. XXIV nnaa. Y. Ber. I,2 d top 
'31 brtS nma dIX when one stretches a tent-cover, in 
course of time it becomes loose; Gen. B. s. 12, end; 
Talk. Is. 314. — Gen. R. s. 10, end, v. Nif. — [Yalk. Prov. 

961 nma m-'rt'b isi& v. pna.]— Part. pass, nma; f. nnrra; 

pi. Dinina, "prisma; nimna stretched, extended; (of a bow) 
bent; trnsf. (of judgment) ready to be discharged, aimed. 
Kel. XXI, 3. Gen. R. s. 35 . . . 1SJ3 'a nmrtlB ^Irt ma rtniX 
'31 rtrtnai that very judgment which was aimed against 
Israel, did the Lord turn and aim against the Egyptians. 
Y. M. Kat. Ill, 83 c top '31 1.133 'a ^Irt judgment is ready 
against the whole family. Pesik. E. s. 38 ; a. fr. 

Pi. nma same, esp. to straiten straps; to bring objects 
closer together. M. Kat. I, 8 "pnnaa S]X you may also 
straigten (bed-straps). Ib.lO a inpaa .. dxffi •pnnaal 'you 
may stretch', means when it (a strap) is lax, you may 
straiten it; Y. ib. I, 80 d hot. Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. IV, 10 
nerab . . "pIDina need . . . stretching. Midr. Till. 1. c, v. supra. 
— Y. Sabb. XIII, beg. 14 a "pis nnaart (ed. Krot.rtrtaart 
111125, corr. ace.) he who brings the ends of two pieces 
close together (by pulling the thread up and knotting it), 
v. supra; Y. Kil. IX, end, 32 d fnix mriaart (or mnaart 
Si/".; not 11112); a. e. 

Nif. nna? to be stretched, spread, drawn. Snh. 3 8 b innaS 
l^iax his limbs were stretched (shaped); (Ab. d' 
nfflpro); Yalk. Gen. 15. Ib. 16 ydVirtl "prttnai Vit (ib. also 
pnrria; Gen. K. s. 10, end pllffla) they (the works of cre- 
ation) continued to extend (develop). Y. Ber. I, 2 C hot. 
Siplrt nraai (or nnai.) let the firmament be stretched out. 
E. Hash. 2*2 b liaSrt' bs> ntta^ shall be stretched on the 
pillory. Y. Hor. II, 46 d ttBprt rtnnaJ the bow was bent 
(euphem. for erection). Yalk.Ps. 796 amrt nnnaa the sword 
(of judgment) was drawn; (Tanh. B'midb. 7 rt3fflai; ib. 
ed. Bub. 7 nssaffi!). 

JBH%a.nnannsame. Tanb.Haye3 ^nnanai "ps^m Wi 
'31 they would have gone on spreading &c. 

nDDch. same. Targ. Ps. OIV, 2. Ib. LXIV, 4 Ms. (ed. 
intBa, v! rtttia II).— Ib. L, 4; a. e.— Part. pass. mna, anpna 
('ma). Ib. VII, 13 ; a. e.— Gen. E. s. 63, a. e., v. Kirn.* 

Af. nnax same. B. Mets. 107 b jtvbWH ininax Sl'tUa for 
pulling their ropes (to drag boats), v. Sere. Ib. '31 llfiaa ■»« 
(v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) if they can pull their ropes all 
along the shore, they will walk there. Keth. 85 a , v. JxbltJS; 

Ithpe. nnaPPSSi to extend, spread. Targ. Job XV, 29. 

NllilD m. (preced.) 1) extension. Targ. Ps. XIX, 5 
nna (constr.).— 2) tent-pin.— PI. &wna. Targ. Y. Ex. 
XXXVIII, 20 (not t^nna) ; a.f r.— 3) (with &m) bom-string. 
—PL constr. fna. Lev. E. s. 5 (expl. im, Ps". XI, 2) H^l 'a. 

ijOJiHG m. (brtFi; cmp. fc6nin) the calyx surrounding 
the date in its early stage. Keth'. 77 b — PL i?nna. Pes.52 b ; 
Ber. 36 b v. laittj. 

5>5?inriQ f. (nna) stretching; KnV<5a1 'a the borders 
of stretched parchment, distinguishable by their darker 
color. Gitt. 88 a 'al 'a rt^a senm when the borders of the 
document are distinguishable (evidence that nothing has 
been cut off). 

"'HD pr. n. m., v. i&ttna. 

""gin, v. ma. 

"'ViD (b.h.) when? Ber. 1, 1 ''aa" Ar. (ed. inapKa). Midr. 
Till. to T Ps. IV, 3 ; 5 '31 'a IS how long will you &c? Succ. 
56 b ; a. fr. 

&OrO f. Part. Af. of Km. Ned. 81 a '31 vtb 'a leads to 
(may T cause) &c. ; a. fr.— [«*na, v. »r 


£CS)D, n^riD pi. n. m. (abbrev. of ttnnna) Mattia 
(Matthew). Shek. V, 1 (Mish. ed. rtWia). Eduy. II, 5 (Ms. 
M. 'mna). Yoma VIII, 6; Ab. IV, 15, a. fr. ffllfi p 'a.-Y. 

Ori. i, 60 d top nminai ^a 'a *i. 

DTlQ, Targ. Y.I Gen. IV, 8 -p3X 'a, v. aspa. 

fcOTCQ, JtfSDTlD I f . (am ; v. napttP) 1) seat, sitting, 
esp. school, academy; council. Targ. I Chr. XI, 25. Ib. IV, 22 
nama (constr.) ; a. e.— Ber. 18 b SSX '11 'a the college of 
E. E— Ib. SSipll 'a the heavenly session (of the departed 
scholars). B. Mets. 86 a '31 XSipll 'a IrtVtM and all those 
participating in the heavenly session declared &c. Yeb. 
105 b ; a. fr. 2) the proceedings at college, subject of dis- 
cussions. B. Kam. 117 a -paib stavn 'a a""Oa he finished 
up (reviewed) the subject discussed that day before the 
scholars. Ib. Irtabl 'rtiaa la pyb study carefully the 
subject of discussion for to-morrow; a. fr. — PL xnxaina, 
. sna^tia. Gitt. 6 a 'a saiSI yn because there are colleges 
(in Babylonia). Ib. '31 Wbliaa 'a the colleges are en- 
grossed in their theoretical studies. 

JtfFQTl/D II f. (ain) answer, argument— PL snaina. 
Y. Gitt.'VIII, 49 c top '31 'a 'pV'!* b3 the same arguments 
which &c. 


TVTID, v. tv*em. 

fcOD^Q f. (ten, Taf. of Ve or ite; cmp. ste^ffla) 
apothecary's pot. Targ. Job XLI, 23 "ilia ed. Lag. (ed. 
Wil. 'ana). 

i* Jl XPflD f.(preced.) 6asm. Hull.46 b (Bashi Khte^a). 

\>Vto, prpQ, T.Tna. 

"£tlQ, ("j^riD) m. ch.=h. ^na, slow, careful. Targ. 
Y. I Le v. XXIV, 12 (ed. Amst. "p^tto; Y. II farm) ; Targ. Y. I 
Num. IX, 8 -(V® ed. Amst. (oth.'pna; Yr.II yina).— PI. 
p?ina, Cino).' Tb. Targ. Cant. V, 12. [The form ^na, y*tta 
fr. ina=nna.] 

nSTip, v. sMna. 

M J^riJp f. Cjna) deliberation, consideration. Gen. B. 
s. 67 'an 18)5 lb &U Esau planned against Jacob with 
deliberateness (taking his time for revenge); Yalk.ib.115. 

n*lj"riD f. (preced.) slow motion, opp. ttmya. Gen. 
K.s. 10. 

^Fp^iTlQ f . Qna) that which is waited for, hope. Targ. 
Job XVII,' 15 iraw, 

pTD m., N^riQ f. (pno) sweet— PL VpTra, T^na; 
IP^na. Targ. Cant.' II, 5 (ed.Amst. ^Fia).— Meg. 6 a , v. 


fl^DQ f. (pna) 1) sweet taste. Y. Ber. V, 9 a top.— 
2) seasoning, relish, B. Mets. VII, 1.— 3) 'a Wo sioeei- 
meats, delicacies; sweet drinks. B. Kam. 85 a , Y, Orl. II, 
62 b top. Esth. B. to I, 9 Dipina ijia. Y. Ned. VII, 40 b bot. 
'a 131a tea n&K BMIVin la 1115S1 he who vows abstinence 
from tirosh, is forbidden all kinds of sweet (unfermented) 
drinks ; a. e. 

"PriH m. (in;, ffif.) 1) part. Hif. of ins q. v.— 2) that 
which makes an object permitted for enjoyment. Zeb. II, 3 
'ah the Mood (the sprinkling of which makes the sacri- 
fice fit for eating or for the altar); a. fr.— PL b'tl'rBa, 
yn-iFia. lb. IV, 3 ; Me'il. II, 9 'a lis ffiPU) te whatever may 
become permitted through a certain act, e. g. the meal- 
offering by taking a handful for the altar. lb. Vlifia those 
things which cause it to be available. lb. 10 b "h OTl) 131 
'a .laiptB) 13 S*n l^X 'a a thing (sacrificial object) which 
requires an act to make it permissible, is not subject to 
JlljpSa, until the things by which it is made available have 
been offered on the altar.— Bets. 3 b 'a lis « 131 a thing 
which may become permitted (being prohibited only for 
the day). B. Mets. 53 a 'a 1? OTB 131 ill? Mill it would be 
considered a thing which can be made fit (by redemp- 
tion) ; a. fr. 

nDpTriD, Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 c , v. ip?iilia. 

ifPEJ m. (^nj) east metal; molten image. Targ. I Kings 
VII, 16; 23 (h. text pSa). Targ. Is.XLVIII, 5. 

fcOflH f., constr. rttna same. Targ. Ex. XXXII, 4. 
Targ. T Jud. XVII, 3 (ed. Lag. il=na). Targ. Is. XXX, 22 ; 
a. fr.— PL KroFia. Targ. O.Num. XXXIII, 52 (Y. 'rYfttfia, 
fr. sotra). 

KSI^SSID, v. angina. 

ilJ iSPZJ f. (b.h. nana; f>t\) measure, required amount. 
Tanh. Ki Thetse 9 DiJnVil 'a3* dilute plpfi DalB tWW (the 
lists) in which their names were recorded with their 
daily task of bricks. Yalk. Ex. 182 tmalsri niilSria pi— 
Ker. 6 b sn;»na3 pna HM mi te3 he might prepare, 
every day the quantity of frankincense required for the 

TTOm, v. nafra. 

fcttjblSrn, v. xn^na. 

rO?]!Q f. qn;) [molten'] metal. Kel. XIII, 6 ffiaiBan p 
'a!l ntt the wooden part of a utensil which is subservient 
to the metallic part. lb. 7 'a btt) 1XU33 he replaced it by 
a metallic tooth; a. v. fr.— PI. niana.— 'a ite metallic 
vessels, utensils, tools &c. lb. XIV, i. Hull. I, 6; a. v. fr. 

>riJ5 1 ch.=h. teiall, 1) to speak mataphorically, recite 
a mash'al. Targ. Ez. XII, 23; a. fr.— Pes. 114 a plana N?na 
'51 they have a saying (witticism) about it in the West. 
Y. Dem. I, 21 d top; a. e. — 2) to banter, sneer. Targ. Pro v. 
XIV, 9 (h. text fby. — 3) to place beside, to compare. Y. 
Dem. 1. c. (play on H1">BTO) '31 -p? 'a ■]!* a ttla laffi guarding 
bitterness — who classed thee among the spices? lb. (play 
on 13M3) '31 7pl?na ixa, v. StfiiaMS.— Part, pass. bVK; 
f. ify'na; pi. ffyvm, "'V'na; l^na compared, comparable. 
Targ. Koh.XII,2; a. e.— Hull. 59 b 'a K"nxa is compared 
to a lion. — B. Mets. 83 b 'a stfllTD 1{6 are they (robbers) 
not like wild beasts? — Ber. 53 b , v. infra; a. fr. 

Af. l^nax 1) to recite a mashal. Targ. Ez. XXI, 5 — 
2) to propound a riddle. Targ. II Esth. I, 3. 

Jthpe. inarm, WiarviK, V«pK to be compared, to be 
like. Targ. Ps! XXVIII,' 1. Ib.XLIX, 13 (not ?inaS); a. e. 
— Snh. 95 a i"l!>' , nKI' 1 6ji rttvi . . n&DD the community of Israel 
is compared to a dove; Ber. 53 b &6">na Ms. M. (ed. Xi?na, 
mbna, corr. ace); Sabb. 49 a b^nas, read: sWiBK; a. e. 

bP/2 II, SOTO m. (preced.) l)=h.?U)a, parable, witty 
saying, riddle, comparison; by-word. Targ.Prov.1,6 (some 
ed. .1s6na, corr. ace). Targ. 0. Deut. XXVIII, 37.— Targ. 
I Sam. XXIV, 1 4 (Bxt. altera, v. &6ina). Targ. Num. XMI,7; 
a. fr. — Y. Dem. I, 21 d top. Pes. 114 a , v. preced. — Gen. B. 
s. 48, end 1BK 'a the proverb says ; a. fr. — 2) plausible 
reason, v. i6na!*. Y. Yoma HI, end, 41 b 'jiTHails 'a issa 
offered good" reason for their doing so. Y. Keth. II, 26 c 
bot.— PL "pina, Kjina, "^na. Targ. Y. Deut. 1. c— Targ. 
Prov.I, 1 ; a. fr— Snh. 38 b . . . HJill mil nipl^Ba 1"W '1 
'a xnp^n B. M., when holding sessions, used to spend one 
third of the time on legal subjects, one third on homi- 
letical preaching, and one third on parables (illustrating 
Biblical verses). Lev. B. s. 28 'SI 'al plsa n?n three 
hundred parables on the fox; a. fr.— - Targ, II Chr. IX, 1 

Nbn2, v. vMm. 

DHXlD m., pi. taianbna (b. h.; tj.ib, omp. brt) ^>-o- 
fessing attachment, flatterers, hypocritical sympathizers. 
Sifre Num. 85 (ref. to Num. XI, 1 [read :] ErtilKhas f>X 
'31 'BSirYl haix Kin pi 'as &6X k'mithon'nim means like 
those who pretend to sympathize (with their neighbors' 
troubles, v. "Jjist), and even so we read (Deut. I, 27) vatte- 
rag'nu &c. 'si 'as Si13ln mas ISSIrYl 1ha what does wrf- 
terag'nu mean? They were speaking like sympathizers 
(with ref. to Prov. XXVI, 22) ; Talk. Num. 732. Sifre 
Deut. 24 (ref. to Deut. 1. c.) DilalKl ... tP3OT Witt} laba 
'SI 0115 'as trtiSinal 'as Ei^lSI which intimates that they 
sat in their tents and spoke words like sympathizers and 
formed crowds like sympathizers, as we read (Prov. 1. c.) 
&c; Yalk. ib. 805. lb. 'as foaal foia (or Wlbnas, sing.; 
not Dili Has) weeping and moving to tears like sym- 

strrarra, xnntp, T . ™ i. 

iriD [fo stretch,] (cmp. -p&«) to be long, slow; to wait; 
esp. (of fruits taken off the tree) to lie over for complete 
ripening. Toh. IX, 5 '31 liTHS WiPia^tt) that they (the olives) 
may lie over so that they be easy to crush; ib. lSltia^ffl 
Dnbaiffl that they may lie over until they be ripe for 
salting; Tosef.ib.X, 10 Sniaiffll ttpeis™ (Hif.) to letthem 


r &c. 

Hif. I^Part 1) (neut. verb) to last, remain fresh, keep. 
Makhsh.yi,'2!U'ipR£ffl VtHBa(Maim. in comment. ed.Dehr. 
ISinailB) that they may remain fresh (Maim,). Sabb. 
XXIII, 5 (of a corpse) yTKPlB ^SUE (Ar^na^S!, Nif.) that 
it may be preserved.— 2) to keep, to let (fruits) lie over. 
Tosef. Makhsh. 1. c, v. supra. — 3) to wait, tarry, postpone. 
Hull. II, 4. Ib. 47 b 'SI IS lb i3"Kiarj postpone his circum- 
cision until &c. Y. Pes. X, 37 d '31 -ppias iW (not fTiaa) 
if we were to wait (with the recital of the exodus) until 
&o. Gen. E. s. 18 (play on H01B3rY\ Gen. II, 25) 13inail xb 
'=1 inlbtoa they did not remain in their happiness for six 
hours; — 4) to be slow, patient. Ab. d'B. N. ch.I XSTH2 
11131 bS TBpO NfTi bKl 111313 f Piaa SIX that man should 
be slow and patient in giving his opinion, and not angrily 
insist on his words. 

"j^D ch. same, to cause delay, to let wait. Targ. Job 
XXXII, 4 (h. text nsn).— Part. pass, fna waiting, detained, 
fr, which "pna, fTca io wait for, hope; to be slow. Targ. 
Lam. 11,16. Targ.Es'th.11,12. Targ. Ps. LYI, 7. Ib.CXXX,5 
rWna Ms. (ed. nijipias Af.); a. e.— Teb.63 a 'SI 3t53 fina 
be slow in taking a wife, opp. yiSp.- — •V..'pna. 

Af. ftiast to tarry, remain ; to wait. Targ. Y.I Gen. II, 25 
(v.Gen. B. s. 18, quot. in preced.). Ib. XXXI, 28 liHSttB!* i6 
thou didst not wait for me (give me an opportunity, h. 
text iSnttKrt). Targ. I Ohr. IV, 18 ; a. fr.— Yeb. 91 b nb iKm 
"iWPvax'b she ought to have waited. 

^D^nsa, v. fltja. Targ. 0. Num. XVI, 2 ; 17 ed. Berl. 

"jPlQ m. (b. h.; )n) giving, -gift.— term fna giving of 
the Law, revelation at Mount Sinai. Ber. 58 a bot. Gen. 

E. s. 34; a. fr.— 1SB5 'a reward. Ab. II, 16; a. fiv-bTal 'a 
sprinkling or smearing the blood (oh the altar &c). E. 
Hash. 28 b ; — Zeb. VIII, 10 S31X 'aa S31X "|Fia blood 
requiring four applications mixed with &c. ; E. Hash. 1, c. ; 
Y. Brub. X, end, 26 d ; Bab. ib. 100 a . Ib. HIK '03 S>31|* 'a 
(Zeb. 1. c. !15na3) blood requiring four applications mixed 
with blood requiring one application ; a. fn— 'ai StiBa, 
v. xtoa. 

MFD, Wrjn, v. wum 

fcOFjQ, HIlFl/Gpr. n. m. (abbrev. of TFiftn) Matt'na, 
an Amora. Hull! 42 b . Y. Taan. Ill, 67 a top; a. fr. 

&OFQ c.(]?n) steaming, reeking. Pes.lll b bot. [read:] 
rVSIS 'aiN (v. Eashi a.].; Eashb. S»mal!X, read NSinalS; 
ed. jois rrwrvaiK ; Ms. M. fTOIS SUiplialK, Ithpe* of pn) 
while his foot is still steaming (from bathing). V. 83Wia. 

&WFJD, J "'T2 I J "il2 m.^na; cmp.xrnaail. fr.naJa) cord, 
strap. B. Bath. 89 a VSTPQ Eashb. (ed. Hjna, h. form) the 
cord of the' scales. Men. 35 b top ((TO) "brm isl "Olil bs 
'SI 'rtaa Eashi (ed. 'l»3; Ms. E. 2 "ia3) whenever it is 
lifted up by its strap and it (the capsule of the T'fillin) 
follows after it (the strap not breaking). Brub. 34 a iivrb 
'al SrilISS let him bring it down through the window (of 
the tower) and with a string. Sabb. 51 b NabsS '">a3 Sib 13b 
(Ms. M. tUniaa, incorr.) a mere string would have been 
sufficient for controlling the animal. B. Mets. 113 b ista 
'SI MjniSI "ia IDKIhe who ties a rope of moist flax around 
his loins. Y. Ned. III., beg. 37 d 'ia, v. 1311 1; a. e. 

n^rjD, v. preced. 

FOFO, v. ssna. 

HOFQ f. (b. h.; fTji) 1) gift, present, donation; grant, 
privilege. Y. Peah III, T 17 d bot. 'si 'a . . 'a JOli ins what 
is a mattanah? All my property be given to — as a gift 
from now, contrad. to ipinKil. B. Bath. 147 a nwjab fiija 
'si 31SB how can it be proven that the donation of one 
expecting to die is legal by Biblical law (without formal 
possession) ? Kidd. 6 b , 'a Hail) liTHrtb a"S 'a a present 
made with the condition that it must be returned, is 
legally a present (the recipient's property for the time 
being); a. v. fr.— PI. niitra. Ber. 5 a ;— ffilris nittna, 
v. S13W3.— Tosef. Dem. II, 7 fiViaa 'a the priestly privileges 
outside of the Temple. Ib. 8 'aa lb BJi has a right to 
priestly gifts. Tosef. Peah II, 13 D1S3 'a 5>31K there are 
four gifts for the poor connected with the vineyard; Hull. 
131 a ffWiS nWia;— 2) (Lev. VIII, 15) sprinkling or 
smearing the blood (on the altar &c). Zeb. V, 1 ririK 'a 
'31 "ilia one of those applications if omitted makes the 
sacrifice invalid. Ib. VHI, 10 'si till!* 'a form blood of 
a sacrifice which requires only one application if mixed 
with blood &c, v. )fm; a. v. fr.— PI. as ab. Ib. V, 3 S31X 
'SI bs 'a four applications (with the finger dipped in the 
blood) at the four corners. Ib. 4 S31N 'jrflB 'a TUB two 
sprinklings appearing like four, i. e. towards two opposite 
corners of the altar; a. fr. 

"OFjD m. ch. ("0Fi)=h. ijtia, teacher of the Mishnah.. 
Keth. 8 b , contrad. to ilpa.— T. f>;sm 



n^JnD, fl^Pia (b.h.) pr.n. m. Mattaniah,\) original 
name of Zedekiah, king of Judah. Pesik. E. s. 26; a. e.— 
2) name of an Amora. Y. Bets. I, 60 c bot. T. Keth. IV, 
28 d bot.; a.e. 

"P^D m.=-\ina. Y. Hag. I, 76°; Midr. Till, to Ps. 
CXXVIl' 'a $bl 1S& 8b neither a Bible teacher nor a 
Mishnah teacher.— PI yiWa, K^jna, h^S . . . Y. Hag. 
i.c; Midr. Till. i.e. y*?na (fr.\:ina). Num.B. T s.i2 rwina; 

Lam. E. to 1,3 »*]Jria. 

D"|XlQ m. du. (b. h. ; yna, cmp. »Sha) Zoms. Nidd. 13 b 
Pirke' d'B. T El. ch. XXXI '31 IWa 11T« the girdle of the 
loins of Elijah. 8nh.IX,2;a.e. 

NH^riD f. ch.=h. SilUJa, Mishnah, esp. (in Babli) coZ- 
lection of Mishnahs not embodied in the Mishnah of B. 
Judah, asBoraitha,Tosefta&c, contrad. tofWina (abbr. 
'ijna) our Mishnah, i. e. the Mishnah proper. Targ. Y. 
Ex. XXYI, 9.— Taan. 21 a yiniahaa ... '11 'as i? V>KttJ K3itf i« 
(differ, in Ms. M., v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.) if there be one that 
will ask me something from the Mishnah of B. Hiya or 
of B. Oshia which I cannot answer from our Mishnah. 
Y. M. Kat. II, beg. 81 a '31 smi 'lib ,1=113 yrpina our 
Mishnah needs (for explanation) that of B. Hiya, and B. 
Hia's needs ours. lb. '31 '11 fTTMna the collection of &e. ; 
a. v. fr.— Trnsf. school, college. Pes'. 101 b '31 ">31 'as at the 
school of the house of Bab Hinek &c. (where Mishnah 
was taught). Keth. 104* bot.;— [Y. Ned. IV, 38 c bot. 
'31 yaw yrrana, read: yiji'jina.]— PL KrY*:na. Ber. 25 b 
infix yiiUJp 'a the two Boraithas quoted contradict each 
other!— Nidd. 33 b 'a ijm (some ed. SrYWia) and he teaches 

]D£TQ, ^D, '?l!Qpr.n.=h. )^2,Bashan, the country 
east of the Jordan, v. )iTV(Z. Targ'. Num. XXI, 33. Targ. 
I Chr. V, 12 (ed.Lag. '13, Var. ed.Bahmer yjnaS3='» tia); 

S^D^riQ, pi. SJSJtia, v. yrjjna— [fctjssna smoking, v. 

yjs.] TT : 

swan, Wfin, wfin f. ch.^.™™,^, <7^, 

donation. Targ. Num. XVIII, 6, sq. lb. 11; V. fr.— B.Bath. 
153 a '31 'a Kinn a deed of donation in which was written 
&c. lb. 40 b 'all KH'W the protest against a letter of divorce 
or of donation. lb. Nt"THaa 'a a deed of donation intended 
to be kept secret; a. fr.— PI. yjtia, XSlJFra. Targ. Y. Num. 
XXV, 13. Targ. Y. II Gen. XVIII, \1\ a. fr. — Sabb. 10 b 
Klini 'a iJinn the priestly portions from two oxen (Deut. 
XVIII, 3). -Hull. 131 b . Y. Snh.II, end, 20 d 'a 1"3 the 
twenty four priestly gifts, v, rt|1<l3; a. fr. 

^Dra, v. *f»o. . ■ 

pSlD (b. h.) 1) to be sweet, palatable. Ukts.m,4 IS 
sipitia^tt) until they are made palatable (by pressing). Gen. 
B. s. 85 33 V pPa 1 ! may it be sweet to (well agree with) 
you, v. DM.— 2) to partake with delight, smack, gnaw. 
Yalk.. Job 910 (ref. to Job XXIV, 20) dria rial prjaffl the 
worm gnawed at them with delight; Gen,E.s.33 IpWrgtt! 

Dha nal (Pi.) the worms did &c— Yalk. Prov. 962 1! 
rb*> pnia hVlnb shall finally feed on him ; ib. 961 fit 


Pi. pPPa i) to partake with delight, s. supra. — 2) to 
sweeten, season. Tosef. Bets. Ill, 15 '31 yipnaa yK you 
must not (on the Holy Day) sweeten a mustard mixture 
by dipping a live coal into it; Sabb. 134 a ; Y. Bets. IV, 62° 
bot. Sabb. 90 a imp ptnab to season a dish. Ber. 5 a fiba 
'31 npFiaa salt seasons the meat;— Trnsf. to pacify. 
Y. Ab. Zar. II, 42 a top '31 pnab 5111 Stini he knows how 
to calm the great Ocean. Y. Meg. Ill, 74 a bot. (in a secret 
letter) '31 flpwab TOpSl .... Ian Tamar still endures in 
her bitterness (hostility), and we attempted to sweeten 
her (by bribery), 'but the melter has refined in vain' (Jer. 
VI, 29).— 3) to indulge. Yalk. Prov. 961 (ref. to Prov. 
XXIX, 21) '31 pfiafflB ia b3 he who indulges his passion 
in his youth (v. yisa).— Taan. 9 b , v. infra. 

Hif.pipmnto sweeten. V,16 (play on b">pnaa, 
ib.) '31 dnb 'n he sweetened (softened) the word for them; 
Num. B. s. 10, beg. 

Hithpa. pnanii to become sweet, to be quieted. Y. Ab. 
Zar. 1. c. ypnana . . . Q">art!i3 ilSliia when the waters praise 
their Creator, they grow calm. Gen. B. s. 13, a. e. tnpFiatia 
cra»3 ",rt (some ed. Tiaa, corr. ace.) the salt water be- 
comes sweet in the clouds; Taan. 9 b Ms. M. (ed. ypnaa, 

pPQ ch. same, v. pVia. 

Pa. pSa to taste, suck (v. preced.). Ab. Zar. 18 b 123aa 
Xii3 'al S!i3 he dipped one finger (into it) and sucked the 

Ithpa* pF}»™ to become sweet. Targ. II Chr. XIII, 5. 

StflrCTp^D f. (bpnl)=h. nbipUja, plummet. Targ. 
Job XXXVHI, 5. Targ. II Kings XXI, 13. — [Pes. 50 b , v. 


5p£nQ m. (bpn II) stumbling, offense. Targ. Is. VIII, 14 
(ed. Wil.'bpna). 'Targ. Prov. XII, 13 (not 'na; h. text 
fflpla).— [Targ.'Ps. CV, 37, read: sbptrab, v. bpn II.] 

JpT\T2, JOpClQ m. (bpn I)=h. bpffla, weight. Targ. 
Ex. XXX, 34. Targ. Lev. XIX, 35 ; a. el— Y. Sabb. XX, 17 c 
bot. Wit 'a the weight of a Zuz; a. e.—Pl. ybpna, ffcprra, 
■£p s na. Targ. Lev. XIX, 36 (some ed. ^p . . .). Targ. Deut. 
XXV, 15; a. e. — Bekh. 50 a vra*n bpnaa 'a yias (not 
*4pnap) twenty times the weight of a (Tyrian) Denar. 

#£] 5pri!2 f. same, selling by weight Pes. 50 b inm 13!D 
'a Ms. M. (ed. 'Vlpna) 'the earnings of his wife'- means 
when she goes around selling (wool) by weight (but does 
not refer to woven garments). — PI. I^pna, v. preced. 

^£}3(?k!P f - (IB 1 ?) a fl rm > decided solution. Yoma 70 a 
'31 'a ills nnsiua N 'b (Ms. M. 2 XSina) (from the words of the 
Mishnah) you cannot arrive at a decided answer, but you 
must adopt either &e. 

NfflinQ f. (Sini)=h. trim, infusion. Targ. 0. Num. 
VI, 3 T (ed. Berl. 'Fia)i 

pliTlQ, Koh. B. to III, 9, v. ti!!3 Af. 

SD~l.rO, r\T2 l (7|lh)=h. hiiMlis, divorced woman. 
Targ. X 0. ! Lev.xil', 14. Ib.XXII, 13 (Y. SOIhia, not 'hia). 
Targ. 0. Num. XXX, 10 (Y. Via); a. e. 

T1D1DD, Targ. Prov. VI, 30, v. lal, a. Oil I ch. 

SH1Q1Q"T!H f. (biai, Palp, oi mi) subject for self- 

elevation, .object of contempt. Targ. Ps. XXII, 7 (li. text 
lira, omp. preced. w.). 

■ txsrcn, v. next w . a . m^-o. ■■ 

SFQPnD f. (yiPi) sustained version, a tradition the 
Sabb. 121 b ;Pes. 99 b bot. ; 

J Nun, the fourteenth letter of the alphabet. It inter- 
changes with a q. v.; with b, q. v.; with 1, cmp. hit a. 
till; bi312J a. l h lh; with i as preforrnative letter, cmp.axi 
a. 325.— ^'frequently inserted, a) in place of Dagesh forte, 
e. g. S13a=S1.a; lil13a=lilla ; — b) to avoid a hiatus, as 
Ihii&V, ilS.i? &c. — 1— , 1— . K3— «afformative, e.g. 1^*5,. 
XaStS. — l.Nun emphaticum, as lihiili»=ihiili»; esp. 
epenthetic Nun hetween verb and suffix, e.g.^W^Targ. 
Gen. V, 2; a. fr. 

J &i numeral letter, fifty, v. 's. 

S3 I, iTuU&HK. Y.Ter.V,43 c bot. '31 SO t]WI, too, 
think T so. Y. T Ber.IV, beg. 7 a '31 mias* fctSI and. I. gave a 
reason for it;— V. flB, S»i]?.— PL ^/V. B. Kam. II, 
beg. 2 d '31 y""iaK )) ha why do we say &c. ; a. fr. ; 

S3llm. (also adverb) (b.h.; cmp. Si) 1) hurried, half- 
done? Pes. 41 a bot. SO itotf if he ate it (the Passover lamb) 
half-done. Ib b SO tos<h toa 13UJ1 is subject to the law (Ex. 
XII, 9) &c. Tosef. Mace. IV (III),1, contrad. to ih. Men. 
78 b SO nsa, v. 6»ih ; a. fr. — 2) slender, fine, brittle.— PI. 
pSM ; f. nisi. Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. II, 9 [read with B. S. 
to Eel. Ill, 2 :] liSOhl Ip&lh (=^N5 pi) if the vessels were 
heated but turned out brittle. B. Bath, 97 b (expl. hl&aiB, 
ib. VI, 2) nilSUal hISO thin, but lined with pitch; Tosef. 
ib. VI, 3. 

S3 III (b. h.) I pray, prithee. Yoma IV, 2; a. fr.— 
Ber. 9 a , a. e. '31 xbs SO fit, v. httj^a. 

S3S3 soot(1). Lam. B. to IV, 8 (ref. to ihlii, ib.) 

S3JS3 m. (KM, corresp. to h. Sp3, cmp. Syr. SWM P. 
Sm. iiu) T small cleft, cavity.— PI. 1.35SO. Kidd. 61 a ; B. 
Bath. 103 a (some ed. 1J8M; Ms. M. liplh; Ms. H. 13J3; v. 
Babb. D. S. a. 1. note); Arakh. 25 a 13SU3; Yalk. Lev.' 677 
i3»ia (corr. ace.).— B. Kam. 61 b top, v. SOISO:. 

. ^3,v.ii3. 

"'"ISD m. ("ili, v. 113) flying of. Sot. 45 b '31 ,SW>1 
V^Sl it was the head (of the murdered man) that .flew 
off and fell (at a distance, from the body). Ned. 16 a hlh 

'31 la '3 Bashi (ed. only '3) flew off from, i. e. rejected the 
reason given by A. 

HS3 m., !"!S3 f. (b.h. ;=h1SO, v. his<) suited,becoming; 
handsome. Tanh. B'shall.ll '31 hTni) '3 it is meet to sing 
unto the Lord. Sabb. 133 b ; Naz. 2 b '3 h3lb a handsome 
Suecah; a. fr.— Ib.1,1, v. tm.—Pl. tPSO, ySM; into. Si'fra 
Ahare, end (ref. to Lev. XVIII, 26 dhs* bn1aiai) '3 dnst 
'31 dilani) you are the proper persons to guard them (the 
laws of chastity), because you opened (were the first to 
observe) them. Tanh.Mase4'3l'pS<;!'3 bn '3 bhUBiabl '3 DM 
they are handsome, and their garments are becoming, 
they are suited to the land, and the land to them. Ned. 
IX, 10 '31 S<bs< p '3 bsoffin hl3a the daughters of Israel 
are good-looking, but misery disfigures them. Sabb.l. c. 
SifreDeut. 320 (ref. to Deut. XXXII, 19) lb '3 ShlD fiaa 
'31 because they are pleasing to him (he calling them 
sons and daughters), they are bold before him. Tosef. Sot. 

II, 3 '3 mbli she will bear handsome children; Y. ib. Ill, 
"l8 d bot. biS3;— hi SO f. pi. (noun) beauties. Lam, B. 

to II, 2 (ref. to hISO, ib.) ap3>i bffl lihiso. to' all the beauties 
(excellent men) of Jacob. Yalk. Ex. 244 (ref. to 11113X1, 
Ex. XV, 2) '31 to3 1I-OU51 liMSO IIJS* I will tell the ex- 
cellencies and praises of &c; ib.lTiam liiTiSOa 13165; Mekh. 
B'shall., Shir., s.3 Ttim lhsoasa (corr. ace); Yalk. Gant. 
988 1)1311)31 lVlilsa, read : lihiii33, v. ii3. Treat. Sofrim 

III, 13 ibt!) hisoa hiaUl speak much of his excellencies. 
Lam.E.introd. end, v. H3ip; a. fr— SlSO (adv.) becomingly, 
well. ..Tosef. Yeb. VIII, 4, a. e. Will 'V preaches well, '31 
Diipa and acts in conformity (with his words). 

HS3 f. (b. h., v. preced.) marked off y distinguished 
place. — PI. constr. his<3. Deut. B. s. 7 end Vffl bi^OI ■'» 
1S3 in the grass-covered pases around the well. 

HS3 to be becoming &c, v.ijo. 

rn&O m., HI S3 f. (b. h. ; preced. wds.) beautiful. Naz. 
1, 1 '3 Nns Y. ed". (Mish. ed. hl3; Bab. ed. fiSO) I will be 
good-looking (let my hair grow, a substitute for *1ifS, v. 
ii|Si3). Cant. R. to I, 5 ihias SlfiJSaa '31 and I am beauti- 
ful (worthy) through the deeds of my fathers; 13&3 ; '31 
i31p beautiful in the sight of my Master; laiaa 1S« '51 
; and,I proved worthy in, the desert; a. fr.; ■ -„ - 

!tf D^lbO pr. n. pi. Nama. Erub. 83 a Bunios sent to 
Babbi a modius '3 pi (Var. Jttsstt, Nbi3, KtbSlSO, hb3N3, v. 
Babb.D.L.a.l.note50) copied from the standard measure 
of ST., v. KD13lp.— [Pern, our w. is vai<; temple where'the 
standard measures were kept.] 

t| ! l&0,7 ! l«3,«S ! lW > T. TO b'*.?. 

m'w f v.w«. 

■'SO W, v. ikw;i». 

"ffSJ, nsXj (b. h.; cmp. KiK) to 6e becoming, handsome. 

Pi. h!*i3 to beautify, decorate. Suco. 10 a fiHisjb to de- 
corate it (the Succah) ; a. e. 

Nif. h&03, Hithpa. hsonh l) /o «rfor« owe's se^. Naz.2 b 
(ref. to nisi, Ex. XV,2)''si ms*i hS3X I will adorn myself 
before him with good deeds; Sabb. 133 b 'SI hsonh adorn 
thyself before him &c. E. Hash. 26 a h&Mni Va Haiti a 
sinner must not adorn himself (when appearing before the 
Lord to ask forgiveness). Gen. B.s. 16 (play on hl3i3) dhlB 
bxiffina hiH3ha (not hlHJna) they (the goverments) adorn 
themselves with what they take from Israel; a. e. — V. 
his I.— 2) (cmp. h3h 2Vi/:, a. Wis) to be pleased, to enjoy, 
make use. E. Hash' ll a beautiful trees 133 ISTa nisqrihb 
tins* (Ms. M. )n-a STiShib) for men to enjoy their beauty. 
Snh. 21 b '3-1 bffi3 raXiffl s6lB that he make no use of a copy 
that his fathers have written; (Tosef. ib. IV, 7 Km &61U 


D^W, part, of d13.— [diK3, yiHO pi. of hSW, a. Si II q. v.] 
^5NJ I m. (ibxll, v.P. Sm.2260) lamenting, howling. 

ill -KQb'l 1111*1 nj.««liih l lM1H*«. Volt a sn ISHMlBwm 

ah. 59 b ': TlltO (Eashi hb&O Tn"> ; Xalk. Gi 

haiia -psn), 

N 3W II, nb&O m. (i*6,Tfc,v. P. Sm. 2260) I) fatigue, 
heavy load; cmp/iOSSIX. Targ. Y. Deut. XXI, 3 pibb &6l 
1131 TiaSffi '33 Ar.* read: KniBis; xbl 131 ribs pibb «Vi 
'33 (1131 113S1B being a gloss interpreting s&se) ; cmp. Targ. 
Y. Num. XIX, 2. — 2) incubus, asthma believed to be caused 
by a demon dib&3 p. Bekh.44 b (ref. to hisp mi or nHXp, 
Mish. ib. VII, 5) ST?N3 1STU isra Ar. (Bashirf=K3 orhbw, read 
ST3K3 ; missing in Talm. ed.) what is it? Nala. [Prob. version : 

'si d^ss p mi wn '3 ixa '3 ims i&ra.] 
DKD to speafc, v. b13. 

]Q!?Om. (b. h.; fax) faithful, trustworthy. Ber. 60 a , 
v. KSil; a. fr. — Esp. neeman, one who can be relied upon 
in matters of tithes and T'rumah; cmp. 13h. Dem.II, 2; 
Tosef. ib. II, 2 '=1 '3 DlilT? t4s bapah he who takes upon 
himself the obligations of a neeman, must give tithes both 
of what he eats &c. Bern. IV, 6; a. fr.— PI. disasb, fimi. 
Tanh. Vayesheb 5 ; a. fr. 

"ISJCsJ f. (a corrupt, from mamma, [Aafj.jJ.if) ; cmp. Syr. 
K33, P. Sm. 2887) mammy, aunty, old maid, slang. Sot. 42 b 
(ref. to di33rt ffliX, I Sam.XVII, 4 a. 23, with play on ni19» 
ib., as if nils hKa) '3 Kim iM iisa 13 (Rashi '1&K& . . . 
'3 mi; Talk'.' Sam. 125 iK3H3 DTI; Ar. ed. Koh. s. v. p: 

6 !flj?*tt 

'3 DTI iKSKS . . .) Goliath was the son of one hundred 
papae (fathers) and one old maid ; [Bashi : '3 im and one, 
the real parent; Tosaf. a. Ar. '3 im and one dog; v.Buth 
B. to I, 14, a. Midr. Sam. ch. XX]. 

"cSJ (b. h.) to be unchaste, voluptuous, esp. to have 
illicitintercourse ; to commit adultery. Lev. E. s.23 (ref. 
to Job XXIV, 15) [read:] P)X13 StlhlB la isiU lasn siilB 
t)N13 H1p3 YOTS3 S)K13 'i&N t)Xi3 X1p3 15133 do not say, he 
only who is unchaste with his body is called a noef, 
but even he who is unchaste with his eye &c. ; Pesik. E. 
s. 24 (corr. ace); a. fr. — Esp. dxis adulterer, paramour; 
f. nSXIS adulteress. Ib. Num. E. s. 9 ; Tanh. Naso 4; a. fr. 

Pi. &Sp3 same. Pes. 113 b t)6»a "jpl a lewd old man. 
Nidd. 13 b 113 bi&K3ah who commit masturbation. Ex. 
E. s. 31, end, a. e. (prov.) 'SI DTnSn3 fffi&Oa she prosti- 
tutes herself for apples and distributes them among 
the sick, v. Spi I ch— Sot. IX, 9 'SI diSKSah 131115a when 
the lewd men became numerous, the proceedings against 
the faith.' ess woman (hate) were abolished. Shebu. 47 b 
S]K3a It-IK 3p1J> Ms. M. a. T Eashi.(ed. t)K13) he who follows 
up the voluptuous (to procure prostitutes for him) ; a. fr. 
— (Hull.63 a , v. t)3N.] 

Hif. Sp&jsih to cause illicit intercourse; to bawd. Shebu. 
]. c. CpStsn «Vt|SOn &6 V'n (Ms. M. only t)80h Kb) it says 
(Bx.XX, 14) 'thou shalt not be lewd', (which implies) thou 
shalt not assist lewdness. 

^fcC ch., Pa. 5)W same. Targ. Is. LVII, 3. 

]"©&C Y. Sabb. IX, ll d top '31, read: ySKXsi, as Y. Ab. 
Zar. Ill, 43 a hot. 

7 SO (b.h. ; cmp. ym) [to press, stamp in anger, v. Deut. 
XXXII, 19,] to be indignant; to be bold; (act. verb) to 
reject, insult, blaspheme. 

Pi. y^i 1) same. Keth. 8 b (ref. to Deut. 1. c.) [read :] 
'31 h"3ph lb d^SSSa maxia 111 a generation in which 
the parents insult him, the Lord will &c. ; Yalk.Deut. 945 
'3l13'ji2N3a....-SifreDeut.320 ntib diSNSa, v. hK3. Num. 
E. s. 7 IT hlBSS dihbxb '131B ia bs whoever insulte God 
becomes an outcast (leper). Ib. TYlX 12X3 dh they insulted 
me. Ib. hllh 11313 1'KaaiB ia who makes bold with the 
words of the Law (blasphemes); a. fr.— 2) to threaten. 
Mekh. B'shall., Shir,, s. 7 'SI ^60a . . . hlDah five things 
did Pharaoh threaten to do; Yalk. Ex. 249. Mekh. 1. c; 
'Talk. Ex. 250 '31 im '3a1 law hih stood threatening at 
the palace &c. ; a. e. 

Hithpa. fMnh to be insulted. Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXIV, 
end dblS3 yton'al t)lnnaiB . . bi3253 h©S do it for the sake 
of thy great and holy Name which is blasphemed and 
insulted in the world; a. e. 


rip^O I f. (b. h.; cmp. p3K) groaning. Ex. E. s. l.(ref. 
to Ex. II, 24) dibbhh fipS3 the groaning of the wounded. 
Ib. s. 6; a. e. — Esp. ri'akah (prayer in distress), one of the 
expressions for prayer. Lam. E. introd. (B. Hanina); 
Bifre Deut. 26; Deut. E. s. 2; a. e.' 



JTJ51W II, Kj?3 (nj>3K) f, (v. preced.; cmp. p») 
[/owflrne'cfted,] cameTKel. XXlil, 2 (Ar. Hp3) ; Sifra M'tsora, 
Zab., Par. 2, ch. Ill np3. Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. II, 7 ri3H»i 
SlpJh the seat (saddle) on the camel's back. Sahb. V, 1 
(51 b ) 'S3 (Ms. M. 'SK; Y. ed. rlpSfi); Y. Bets. II, 61 c bot. 

"Ip^D, Midr. Sam. ch. VII, v. 1p3 I. 

fc^M, NjJD ch.=h. np^S II. Sabb. 51 b .-Lam. B. 
to I, fi'ra-i ('rwa in 7) siiwsipa Kin Ar. (ed. sin Kp T 3 r x) 

a blind camel. 

-IM, Y.liSL 

JtfHSD f. (MX) [joint ,] seam of a wound, cicatrix (cmp. 
I-OV-ISII)! B. Kam. 85 d , v. Xni313 (Ar. IKTOS; ed. n««). 

*&&!? eggs of lice, Var. in Ar. for 8338; II. 


sn*QD, v. tfjB. 

JD3, 3^22, 3"OD (cmp. Sia s. v. 85.K3) to Sreafe /Wtt, 
come to ^e surface.' Succ. 53 b STa 1&331 . . . "pilS Ar. (ed. 
ipS31, v. Eabb. D. S. a.l. note 80 ; Tosaf. to Bekh, 44 b i?331) 
we dig a little, and water bubbles forth. Snh. 82 a map 
5133 lim he buried the skull, but it came up again; ib. 
104 a 333 lim (Mas. F. a. K.); Talk. Kings 249 5">33. 

!SiJ32 m. (preced.) s/woi!, twig. Pes. 74 a XttB -.a '3 (Ms. 
M. 'ai3J a twig (of the pomegranate tree) of this year's 

SSiDJ m. (preced.; cmp. b.h. piapa) a vessel, nabga, 
a certain measure, v. S33X. Ber. 51 b 'si '3 ^Ntt ^3 the. whole 
nagba is of the wine over which the blessing has been 

Dlp"Q3, v. sipiiais. 

"Q3 (b. h.) 1) pr. n. pi. Nebo, a town on the eastern 
side of the Jordan. Sot. 13 b (identifying '3 with 133 in). 
—2) '3 in Mount Nebo in Moab. lb.; a. e.— 3) Nebo, name 
of an Assyro-Babylonian deity. Snh. 63 b ; a. e. — [Tosef. 
Pes. II (III), 20- 'pn '3, Tfl '3, v. "pfpa.] 

S"IS : QD f. (b. h. ; N33) prophecy, inspiration. Y. Hor. 
Ill, 48 b bot. (ref. to Zech. Ill, 8) '3 s6st hBla pS mofeth 
means prophetic gift. Cant. B. to III, 4; Gen. B. s. 44, v. 
StBori. Koh. B. to 1, 1 ",assa "JP«*as nbn5 their prophecy 
went by their own names ('the words of—'). B. Bath. 12 a 
from the day of the destruction of the Temple '3 nbsji3 
'=1 prophetic inspiration was taken away from the prophets 
and given to &c. Y. Mace. II, 31 d bot.; Talk. Ps. 702 ibxO 
'31 '3b prophecy was asked, what is the sinner's punish- 
ment?— Meg. 14 a ?prWI33 naiipro thy prophecy has come 
true. Ib. -pn:*l33 'pin where is thy prophecy? Ib. nSlV 
PirWl33 eytoa. Sim na nsib 'to know' (Ex. II, 4) to know 
what will be the end of her prophecy ; a. v. fr.— PI. nij«33. 

Lev. E. s. 10, beg.; Talk. Is. 307 N!B1tt» '3 plain words of 
prophecy, FilViBS '3 repeated words &c. (as nah&mu na- 
hamu, Is. XL, 1) ; a. fr.— V. rWHJ. 

ni{1D3, ^illSfiDDch.same.Targ.O.Gen.Xv",!. Targ. 
Num. XI, 28. Ib^ 29 (Y. rWiaS—rVTWas) ; a. fr.— B. Bath. 
14 b '31 i3J mnxia? airo his (Hosea's) prophecy is joined 
to Haggai &c. (belonging to the twelve Minor Prophets); 
a. e.— PI. '|N133. Targ. Ez. XIII, 14, sq. 

fcttWCD, v. Kneraj. 
NSWM, v. rwaas oh. 

D'QD m. (b. h.;'333, cmp. 313) hollow; trnsf. hungry. 
B. Bath. T 12 b (homiletic interpret, of Job XI, 12). 

5 "0J m. (Ill) distributor (of royal largesses),c&ie/. Cant. 
B, to "VII, 7 (ref. to irvtrtSS, Dan. V, 17) nmi '3 naboz 
means chief (officer); ib. [read:] Nnj3 1133 . . . ytfTt 'pan 
(ed. -|Nni31i33, some ed. "|nXT3 1133) there (in Borne) they 
name an eparch (a high officer) distributor of largesses 
(Comes Largitionum). 

■ lannmy.preoed. 

"nSSpTOD (h. h.) pr. n. m., a high officer 
of king Nebuchadnezzar, Ex. B. s. 46. Gitt. 57 b . Snh. 

n!3D m. (b. h. ; T^a) bewildered, confused, perplexed. 
—PI. d-oias, "pan}. Mekh. B'shall., s. 1, v. 3315. 

"ISWT5133, "ISUTD'O: (also in two words '= 133) 
(b.h.) Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylonia. Ber.57 b n«1 
'3 ^tt) lira when one sees the ruined palace of N. lb., a. fr. 
S12Jin '3. Ex. B. s. 8 (among the four kings that declared 
themselves gods) ; a. v. fr. 

blSU, y.lare. 

SO"DD m.- (1=33) mean person, scamp.— PL *pMa3. Y. 
Macc^I, end, 31 b '=1 " ( 8a pJO '3 nix there are plenty of 
mean persons who see their fellowmen taken out for 
execution (through false testimony) and say nothing 
(although they could save them). 

1133, bin ': ("1D5) (Kfar) Nibbur %ayil, 

. anisa, ainiM,.'* 1 ?. 'a *iB3 P r. n . P i. K<far 

Nibburaya (prob.=Nimrin, near Tiberias, v. Hildesh. Beitr. 
p. 60, note 444), mentioned as the home of one B. Judab. 
and one B. Jacob. Meg. 18 a Wi 1133 SPK V'XI '3 'a lim 
Ms. M. (ed. 3 for 3) of K'far Nibburaya, and some say, of 
Nibbur Hayil; Keth, 65 a Stni33 (corr. ace). Gen, B. s. 7, 
beg. -WOS 123 ffiiK (corr. aec.) ; Koh. E. to TII, 23 ; Tanh, 
Huek. 6; Pesik. E. s. 14 'pitas '3; ib. ij*1313 3p5>i (read: 
ijrsas or MSIiaS); Pesik. Par., p. 35 h pnaS (corr. aec); 
Num. B. s.19 T '3">S ed. "Wil,; Yalk. Gen. 11 ilISS '3 (corr. 
ace); Y. Yeb. II, 4 a top !"|1113S; Y. Kidd. Ill, 64* bot.~- 
Y. Ber. IX, beg. 12" 1 ; Midrl Till, to Ps. XIX, 1 JSH31S ed. 

Bub. (oth. ed. SH32, corr. ace). Y. Bice. Ill, 65 d top. 3pS)i 
'3 '3 W»; Midr. Sam. ch. Y1I (not '33). 

2YD2 (b.-h.)pr.n.m. Naboth, a citizen of Jezreel. Snh. 
102 b , a. e. (ref. to I Kings XXII, 22) '3 bw lhll the spirit 
of (the murdered) Naboth. Shebu.35 b '31 '53... rfla\B ^3 
all the names (Elohim) mentioned in connection with 
Naboth (I Kings XXI, 10; 13) are sacred (meaning God). 

KZVD3, v. m. 

&QD3, (ISD^ f. (='13133, v. 1313) present, largess. 
Dan.II,6;'a.e.— P/. ; |ai33. Targ. Jer. XL, 5 (ed.Wil. -|313b). 
— Srv*ai33 (fr. mal 33), 'constr. n^3133. Targ. Y.Dent. 
XXIII, 24.— [Dan. V, 17, v. 1133.] 

rD,3 (b. h.) to bark. Y. Yoma VIII, 45 b top (of the 
mad dog) 13 "pnaiS Wiafll and the dogs bark at him; 
ib. '31 !j313 Sin C|X he barks, too, but his voice is not 
audible; Bab. ib. 83 b . Ex. R. s. 20, end; a. e. 

r\22 ch. same. Targ. Ex. XI, 7 riaiab (ed.Berl. fiaiab). 
Targ. Is. LVI, 10 na^ai ed.Lag. (oth. ed. ':ab).— Pes. 113 a 
do not live in a place S3^3 Sia '3 sil where no dog barks. 
Erub. 86 a , v. smis; a. fr. 

Pfl.nas 1) same. Gen.E.s.59 end "prtasa S^abs bp SnOl 
(not QTnia) and hears the dogs bark; Yalk. ib. 107.— 
2) to produce a dull sound. Ber. 57 a irT-133 h3 ifl331 v. 
sb3B I.— Bets. 14 a '31 M33a ^133 the sound produced by 
pounding spices is a dull one, opp. Wjs. 

]rQ3 (b. h.) Nibhan, name of an idol. Snh. 63 b , expl. 
dog (cmp. preced.). 

iedr. Del. Prolog, p. 98) to 

W2^ (b.h.; cmp.; 
burst forth, to shine. 

Hif. aiari 1) to illumine. Targ. II Esth. I, 2 (in an 
enigma about nafta) rfdb Biaal Bias ~B1153 it is poured 
out like water and illumines the house. — 2) (cmp. ]"Sfl 
fr. ps) to look. Yalk. Gen. 76 (ref. to Gen.XV, 5) Bail pS 
'31 (Gen.E.s.44 naatnq. v.). Pesik.E.s.21 [read:] pilpwn 
naaa s^n *>a . . . na tjiaiaa . . . lift a thousand people look 
at a portrait, every one says, it is looking at me. Ib. Bianbl 
'31 -frlSl ins b>33 and for the Lord to look at every one 
of the Israelites and say &c. Ib. ibxa B^aa ~b ria why 
dost thou look up to those men?; a. fr. 

Pi. 33^3 same, to have a vision. Snh. 101 b (play on B33) 
n&O sbl 'ism he (Nebat) had a vision but did not see (inter- 
pret it properly); ib. '31 1B33 nablU ; Yalk. Kings 196. 

u2j eh. (v. preced.) to sprout, grow. Taan. 4 a '31 'j'PS 
'3 when it once has sprouted, it grows fast. M. Kat. 18 b 
'3 lift (the rumor after having died out) comes up again. 

1^03 I (b. h.) pi. n. m. Nebat, father of Joroboam I. 
Snh. 101 b , v. B33. Ber. 35 b ; a. fr. 

1213D II Nebat, an Arabic settlement south-east o